Politics

Politician on the Podium with microphones
Politics are the activities and the political affairs involved in managing a state or government. Politics is the profession devoted to governing. Politics are the social relations involving systematic plans to gain authority or power. Politics is the study of government of states and other political units. Politics is the opinion you hold with respect to political questions.

Voting - Independent - Impartial - Open Minded

Government Spending - Campaign Spending

Bribes - Theft - Corruption - Contradictions - Vetting (competence)

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America is mostly Corporate Controlled. The U.S. Government is corrupted by the power of corporations, and corporations do not represent the people of the United States of America. So our Democracy is being undermined by the corruptible influences of money and power. Negating this influence of money and power is a serious problem that needs solving. The damage is far to great and the deaths are far too many. Sadly, politics goes way beyond its basic definition. Political and Government corruption is as deadly and destructive as wars. Citizens have very little control in the decision process. Power is in the hands of the wealthy who care more about money than people. In order to correct the defects in politics and in democracy, we need to make many improvements in education, and we need to improve how the public is informed through our media outlets, which at the moment, just wants to entertain, distract and manipulate people instead of educating people about the facts. We have a lot of work to do. We must educate ourselves in order to free ourselves from the abuses of ignorant politics and toxic leadership. Make America Think Again. Let the Knowledge Flow, and Let the People Go.


Democracy


Direct Democracy is a form of pure democracy in which people decide and a form consensus on policy initiatives directly and vote on them directly.

Accountable - Transparent - Open - Undivided - Independent - The American Dream

Deliberative Democracy is a form of democracy in which deliberation is central to decision-making. It adopts elements of both consensus decision-making and majority rule. Deliberative democracy differs from traditional democratic theory in that authentic deliberation, not mere voting, is the primary source of legitimacy for the law. While deliberative democracy is generally seen as some form of an amalgam of representative democracy and direct democracy, the actual relationship is usually open to dispute. Some practitioners and theorists use the term to encompass representative bodies whose members authentically and practically deliberate on legislation without unequal distributions of power, while others use the term exclusively to refer to decision-making directly by lay citizens, as in direct democracy.

Representative Democracy is an indirect democracy where some of the voters elect a person to represent them in government.

One of the problems with a representative democracy is that sometimes our representatives don't represent every citizen and end up only representing a small number of people, like the rich and powerful. The citizens who pay their salaries and give them the authority to manage affairs and make improvements are not equally represented. Too many politicians take bribes from corrupt corporations and then go to work for the same corporations after they leave their elected office.

Hypocrites - Non-Open Governing - Negligence - Not above the Law

Swedish Model - Direct democracy and federalism are hallmarks of the Switzerland political system.

Government of New Hampshire (wiki) Washington

Nordic Model is a combination of free market capitalism with a comprehensive welfare state and collective bargaining at the national level, enhancing individual autonomy and promoting social mobility; a corporatist system involving a tripartite arrangement where representatives of labor and employers negotiate wages and labor market policy mediated by the government; and a commitment to widespread private ownership, free markets and free trade.

Democracy is a system of government in which the citizens exercise power directly, or elect representatives from among themselves to form a governing body, such as a parliament. Democracy is sometimes referred to as "rule of the majority". (And by that definition, America is not a true democracy or a Republic).

World Movement for Democracy - Why Democracy - Everyday Democracy

Democracy Index measures the state of democracy in 167 countries based on 60 indicators grouped in five different categories, measuring pluralism, civil liberties and political culture. In addition to a numeric score and a ranking, the index categorizes each country into one of four regime types: full democracies, flawed democracies, hybrid regimes and authoritarian regimes. The democracy index is a weighted average based on the answers of 60 questions, each one with either two or three permitted alternative answers. Most answers are experts' assessments. Some answers are provided by public-opinion surveys from the respective countries. In the case of countries for which survey results are missing, survey results for similar countries, and expert assessments are used in order to fill in gaps. The questions are grouped into five categories: electoral process and pluralism, civil liberties, the functioning of government, political participation, and political culture. "Whether national elections are free and fair"; "The security of voters"; "The influence of foreign powers on government"; "The capability of the civil servants to implement policies".

Democracy Ranking measures the quality of democracy, integrates freedom and other characteristics of the political system with the performance of non-political dimensions like gender, economy, knowledge, health, and environment.

Democracy-Dictatorship Index refers to the binary measure of democracy and dictatorship. Corruption Index.

Democracy Promotion is a strand of foreign policy adopted by governments and international organizations that seek to support the spread of democracy as a political system around the world. Among the reasons for supporting democracy include the belief that countries with a democratic system of governance are less likely to go to war, are likely to be economically better off and socially more harmonious. Some critics have argued that the United States has used democracy promotion to justify military intervention abroad. Democracy promotion can also be referred to as democracy assistance, democracy support, or democracy building.

Inclusive Democracy is a project that aims for direct democracy; economic democracy in a stateless, moneyless and marketless economy; Self-Management (democracy in the social realm, Socialism); and Ecological democracy.

Participatory Democracy where the people are in power and thus that all democracies are participatory. Emphasizes the broad participation of constituents in the direction and operation of political systems. Participatory democracy strives to create opportunities for all members of a population to make meaningful contributions to decision-making, and seeks to broaden the range of people who have access to such opportunities. Since so much information must be gathered for the overall decision-making process to succeed, technology may provide important forces leading to the type of empowerment needed for participatory models, especially those technological tools that enable community narratives and correspond to the accretion of knowledge. Effectively increasing the scale of participation, and translating small but effective participation groups into small world networks, are areas currently being studied. Other advocates have emphasized the importance of face to face meetings, warning that an overreliance on technology can be harmful.

Meritocracy - Technocracy - Human Rights - Service Oaths.

Consensus Democracy is the application of consensus decision-making to the process of legislation in a democracy. It is characterized by a decision-making structure which involves and takes into account as broad a range of opinions as possible, as opposed to systems where minority opinions can potentially be ignored by vote-winning majorities. The latter systems are classified as majoritarian democracy.

Jeffersonian Democracy is committed to Republicanism in the United States, which meant opposition to aristocracy of any form, opposition to corruption, insistence on virtue, with a priority for the "yeoman farmer", "planters", and the "plain folk". They were antagonistic to the aristocratic elitism of merchants, bankers and manufacturers, distrusted factory workers, and were on the watch for supporters of the dreaded British system of government. Jeffersonian democracy persisted as an element of the Democratic Party into the early 20th century.

Republicanism in the United States stresses liberty and unalienable individual rights as central values, making people sovereign as a whole, rejects monarchy, aristocracy and inherited political power, expects citizens to be independent in their performance of civic duties, and vilifies corruption. American republicanism was founded and first practiced by the Founding Fathers in the 18th century. For them, according to one team of historians, "republicanism represented more than a particular form of government. It was a way of life, a core ideology, an uncompromising commitment to liberty, and a total rejection of aristocracy."

E-Democracy or digital democracy or internet democracy, incorporates 21st-century information and communications technology to promote democracy. It is a form of government in which all adult citizens are presumed to be eligible to participate equally in the proposal, development, and creation of laws. E-democracy encompasses social, economic and cultural conditions that enable the free and equal practice of political self-determination. Electronic Voting in Estonia in 2001 with the "e-minded" coalition government. Estonia became the first nation to hold legally binding general elections over the Internet with their pilot project for the municipal elections in 2005. The electronic voting system withstood the test of reality and was declared a success by Estonian election officials. The Estonian parliamentary election in 2007 also used internet voting, another world first. The Estonian internet voting system builds on the Estonian ID card. The card is a regular and mandatory national identity document as well as a smart card allowing for both secure remote authentication and legally binding digital signatures by using the Estonian state supported public key infrastructure. As of March 2007 over 1.08 million cards have been issued (out of a population of about 1.32 million). Bit-Coin Technology is another way to secure communications, but we should always use paper ballots delivered in person so that we can confirm accuracy and also have a backup when needed.

Economic Democracy shift decision-making power from corporate managers and corporate shareholders to a larger group of public stakeholders that includes workers, customers, suppliers, neighbors and the broader public.

Responsible Government is a system of government that embodies the principle of accountability, and has the foundation of a representative democracy. Representatives must account for their decisions and account for the performance of their departments. They are required to make announcements and to answer questions truthfully when needed. They are also required to effectuate their executive power only through responsible ministers.

Governance refers to "all of processes of governing, whether undertaken by a government, market or network, whether over a family, tribe, formal or informal organization or territory and whether through the laws, norms, power or language." It relates to "the processes of interaction and decision-making among the actors involved in a collective problem that lead to the creation, reinforcement, or reproduction of social norms and institutions.

Referendum is a direct vote in which an entire electorate is asked to vote on a particular proposal. This may result in the adoption of a new law. Public Opinion Surveys.

Bolivia 53.1% of the seats in national parliament were held by woman, a higher proportion of woman than that of the population.

Free State Project - World Movement for Democracy

Why Democracy - Everyday Democracy

Mobilize America - Act Blue

President of Uruguay Jose Mujica - Jose Mujica a Uruguayan politician who was the 40th President of Uruguay between 2010 and 2015.

Mandate in politics is the authority granted by a constituency to act as its representative.

Foreign Policy consists of self-interest strategies chosen by the state to safeguard its national interests and to achieve goals within its international relations milieu. The approaches are strategically employed to interact with other countries. The study of such strategies is called foreign policy analysis. In recent decades, due to the deepening level of globalization and transnational activities, states also must interact with non-state actors. These interactions are evaluated and monitored in seeking the benefits of bilateral and multilateral international cooperation. Global Policy - Public Agenda.

Command Responsibility is the duty to supervise subordinates, and liability for the failure to do so, both in government, military law, and with regard to corporations and trusts. The legal doctrine of hierarchical accountability in cases of war crimes committed during wartime. Accountable.

Most people don't understand politics or fully understand themselves or the world around them. But some people will pretend to know politics and express an opinion that is not based on facts or evidence, mostly because people do not want to admit that they are ignorant about the world or admit that they know very little about politics. And some people just repeat what other people said without verifying if the information is true. When you get your information from people you don't know, then you are just believing in hearsay and rumors. If you want to live in reality, you have to know what's real and know what is true, otherwise, you will be living in a fantasy world and be out of touch with reality, which is exactly what people in power want. Learning is your responsibility, so do your research.


Politics - Political Science


Political Science is a social science discipline that deals with systems of government, and the analysis of political activity and political behavior. It deals extensively with the theory and practice of politics which is commonly thought of as determining of the distribution of power and resources. Political scientists see themselves engaged in revealing the relationships underlying political events and conditions, and from these revelations they attempt to construct general principles about the way the world of politics works. Political science is related to and draws upon the fields of economics, law, sociology, history, philosophy, geography, psychology, and anthropology.

Politics is the activities and affairs involved in managing a state or a government. The opinion you hold with respect to political questions. The process of making uniform decisions applying to all members of a group. Achieving and exercising positions of governance — organized control over a human community, particularly a state. Politics is the study or practice of the distribution of power and resources within a given community (a usually hierarchically organized population) as well as the interrelationship(s) between communities. Politics presents one of the ten function systems of modern societies.

Political System is a system of politics and government. It is usually compared to the legal system, economic system, cultural system, and other social systems. However, this is a very simplified view of a much more complex system of categories involving the questions of who should have authority and what the government's influence on its people and economy should be.

Saying that something is just politics or that something is just political is a general statement that doesn't explain hardly anything other than that some people are not communicating, or that some people are just being stubborn. So just saying that it's politics tells people almost nothing about what the real problem is, or does it reveal the peoples names who are making it difficult to come to some kind of an agreement. The Separation of Church and State is also vague.

Legislative Paralysis. House Democrats have passed nearly 400 bills, and Trump and Republican-controlled Senate are ignoring them. "Politics is show business for ugly people...ugly on the inside that is."

Polity is any kind of political entity. It is a group of people who are collectively united by a self-reflected cohesive force such as identity, who have a capacity to mobilize resources, and are organized by some form of institutionalized hierarchy.

How to get involved in Government - How to get Involved in local Politics.

Politician is a person active in party politics, or a person holding or seeking office in government.

Officeholder is someone who is appointed or elected to an office and who holds a position of trust.

Incumbent is someone who is currently holding an office or the official who holds an office. A duty or responsibility that is morally binding.

Official is someone who holds an office in an organization or government and participates in the exercise of authority, either their own or that of their superior and/or employer, public or legally private.

Lame Duck is an elected official whose successor has already been elected or will be soon. The official is often seen as having less influence with other politicians due to the limited time left in office. Conversely, a lame duck is free to make decisions that exercise the standard powers with little fear of consequence, such as issuing executive orders, pardons, or other controversial edicts. Lame duck politicians result from term limits, planned retirement, or electoral losses. Even at the local level, politicians who do not seek re-election lose their credibility and influence to fellow councilors. Projects uncompleted may fall to the wayside as their influence is greatly diminished. When Republicans Control the Senate it impedes progress and stops improvements.

Bureaucracy - Red Tape - Regulations

Mandate in politics is the authority granted by a constituency to act as its representative.

Regionalism is a political ideology focusing on the development of a political or social system based on one or more regions and/or the national, normative or economic interests of a specific region, group of regions or another subnational entity, gaining strength from or aiming to strengthen the "consciousness of and loyalty to a distinct region with a homogeneous population", similarly to nationalism. More specifically, "regionalism refers to three distinct elements: movements demanding territorial autonomy within unitary states; the organization of the central state on a regional basis for the delivery of its policies including regional development policies; political decentralization and regional autonomy". Regions may be delineated by administrative divisions, culture, language and religion, among others. Regionalists aim at increasing the political power and influence available to all or some residents of a region. Their demands occur in "strong" forms, such as sovereignty, separatism, secession and independence, as well as more moderate campaigns for greater autonomy (such as states' rights, decentralization or devolution). Strictly, regionalists favour confederations over unitary nation states with strong central governments. They may, however, embrace intermediate forms of federalism. Proponents of regionalism usually claim that strengthening the governing bodies and political powers within a region, at the expense of a central government, will benefit local populations by improving regional or local economies, in terms of better fiscal responsibility, regional development, allocation of resources, implementation of local policies and plans, competitiveness among regions and, ultimately, the whole country, consistently with the principle of subsidiarity.

Realism in international relations is when states are the central actors in international politics rather than individuals or international organizations. No actor should exist above states. States and the people within the state should be capable of regulating their own interactions. States must arrive at relations with other states on their own, rather than it being dictated to them by some higher controlling entity. The international political system is anarchic as there should be no supranational authority that can enforce rules over the states and the people who reside in those states. All actors in the international political system need to be rational about their actions to maximize their own self-preservation.

Logan Act is a United States federal law that forbids unauthorized citizens from negotiating with foreign governments having a dispute with the U.S.

"I will pretend to support this or I will pretend to be against it, just as long as people don't know the truth, or figure out my true intentions, which are usually more devious and more corrupt than they could ever imagine."


Accountable - Transparent


Accountable is liable to account for one's actions. Account for the reason and the explanation for actions or behaviors.

Accountability is answerability, blameworthiness, liability, and the expectation of account-giving. As an aspect of governance, it has been central to discussions related to problems in the public sector, nonprofit and private (corporate) and individual contexts. In leadership roles, accountability is the acknowledgment and assumption of responsibility for actions, products, decisions, and policies including the administration, governance, and implementation within the scope of the role or employment position and encompassing the obligation to report, explain and be answerable for resulting consequences. Disinhibition.

Compliance - Government Accountability Office - Loopholes - Law Violations

Ethics Commission is a commission established by State law or county or city ordinance to investigate dishonest or unethical practices by public employees and elected officials, without having any conflicts of interests. - Loyalty.

Reporting and Stopping Corruption - Watch Dogs - Ombudsman - Corruption - Lying

Using Proper Channels for Seeking Improvements - Investigative Dashboard.

Evidence Management is the administration and control of evidence related to an event so that it can be used to prove the circumstances of the event, and so that this proof can be tested by independent parties with confidence that the evidence provided is the evidence collected related to the event.

Alaveteli lowers the barriers that prevent citizens asking questions of those in power. 

SA8000 is an auditable certification standard that encourages organizations to develop, maintain, and apply socially acceptable practices in the workplace.

Transparency is operating in such a way that it's easy for others to see what actions are performed. Implies openness, communication and accountability without secrecy or behind the scenes corruption.

Transparency - Transparency International - Social Network Blocking - Open Governance

Transparent is something easily understood and free of deceit. Able to be seen through with clarity or seen through because of a lack of subtlety.

Informed Consent is a process for getting permission based upon a clear appreciation and understanding of the facts, implications, and consequences of an action. The individual concerned must have adequate reasoning faculties and be in possession of all relevant facts. Impairments to reasoning and judgment that may prevent informed consent include lack of necessary knowledge and information, or a severe intellectual disability.

Veritas et Utilitas "Truth and Service" - Human Rights - Audits - Diplomacy - Competence

Loyalty is the act of binding yourself intellectually or emotionally to a course of action. (Faithful).

Utilitarianism is a theory in normative ethics holding that the best moral action is the one that maximizes Utility and the well-being of sentient entities.

Egalitarianism is a trend of thought that favors equality for all people. Egalitarian doctrines maintain that all humans are equal in fundamental worth or social status.

Capacity in law determines whether a person may make binding amendments to their rights, duties and obligations. When the law limits or bars a person from engaging in specified activities, any agreements or contracts to do so are either voidable or void for incapacity. Sometimes such legal incapacity is referred to as incompetence. Competence.

Public Knowledge - Police Filming

Audit is a systematic and independent examination of books, accounts, statutory records, documents and vouchers of an organization to ascertain how far the financial statements as well as non-financial disclosures present a true and fair view of the concern. It also attempts to ensure that the books of accounts are properly maintained by the concern as required by law.

Budget (government spending) - Audits (money management)

Digital Accountability and Transparency Act of 2013 aims to make information on federal expenditures more easily available, accessible, and transparent. The bill would change reporting requirements about financial data and start a pilot program to research best practices.

Monitor - Application Performance Management is the monitoring and management of performance and availability of software applications. APM strives to detect and diagnose complex application performance problems to maintain an expected level of service. APM is "the translation of IT metrics into business meaning ([i.e.] value).

Political Correctness used to describe language, policies, or measures which are intended not to offend or disadvantage any particular group of people in society. In the media, the term is generally used as a pejorative, implying that these policies are excessive.

Right or Wrong (morality and ethics)

Truth and Reconciliation is a commission tasked with discovering and revealing past wrongdoing by a government (or, depending on the circumstances, non-state actors also), in the hope of resolving conflict left over from the past.

Polarization refer to the divergence of political attitudes to ideological extremes. Polarization can refer to such divergence like public opinion or even to such divergence within certain groups.

Dividing People - Contradictions

Nonpartisan is the perceived lack of affiliation with a political party.

Political Belief Systems - Government Departments - Government Offices

Geopolitics is the study of the effects of geography (human and physical) on international politics and international relations. Geopolitics is a method of studying foreign policy to understand, explain and predict international political behavior through geographical variables. These include area studies, climate, topography, demography, natural resources, and applied science of the region being evaluated.


Running for President


To be the President you have to make sure you are at least 35 years old and a natural born United States citizen. You must also have lived 14 years in America to run for President. If you are not 35 yet, you can start planning early!

Register to be an Official Candidate. If you spend or raise over $5,000 dollars for your cause, you are then automatically considered a candidate by the FEC or Federal Election Commission, 999 E Street, NW, Washington, DC 20463 (800) 424-9530. Go to their website and start the process rolling. You'll have to keep the FEC updated with financial reports on income, personal spending and debt settlements for the entirety of your campaign. If you can, hire someone now to do this for you. You'll be too busy wining and dining, schmoozing and boozing, and meeting and greeting to balance receipts.

Get your name on the ballot. Do this in all 50 states. This may be difficult and expensive, but hey! This is probably the only time you'll run for president, so it's best to go big or go home. Think of it as an investment in yourself. Or, rather, everyone else's investment in you. Each state is different. You must contact each state's Secretary of State for the forms needed to be listed. Getting signatures and support across the state is the goal. As always, there's a website to help you get started with that, too.

Set up a presidential exploratory committee. This is (usually) a nonprofit organization to find out if your campaign will actually work. Choose a campaign manager to delegate the necessary duties. Make a website explaining what you plan to do, your perspectives, and why you're running. Make it very convincing and be honest. Get your name into opinion polls. All in all, start spreading the word.

Assemble a team of ground workers. They'll go knocking door-to-door, spreading the good news of your name and getting a feel for the area. Do this in as many metropolitan areas as possible to feel out the competition and the areas you may need to concentrate on for your campaign.

Create a campaign platform. What are your goals? Lower taxes? Reducing poverty? Creating jobs? Higher standards of education? Think about all the biggies when it comes to previous elections -- what changes do you want to promise?

Write-in Candidate is a candidate in an election whose name does not appear on the ballot, but for whom voters may vote nonetheless by writing in the person's name.

Crowd Pac platform for political action and to raise money for a candidate running for office.

Exploratory Committee is an organization established to help determine whether a potential candidate should run for an elected office. They are most often cited in reference to United States Presidential hopefuls prior to the primaries. exploratory committee creates a legal shell for a candidate who expects to spend more than $5,000 while contemplating an actual run. Under the rules, exploratory money may be raised without the full disclosure of sources required of true candidates. Only when the candidate drops the exploratory label does the full responsibility of transparency apply. Candidates use an exploratory committee as not only a transitional phase for their bookkeeping but as an extra claim on media attention. Some of the most skillful handlers like to leak word that their candidate is testing the waters, then leak word that he or she is thinking about forming an exploratory committee. Additional "news" can be made when the same candidate actually forms such a committee and registers with the Federal Election Commission. Yet a fourth round of attention may be generated when the word exploratory gets dropped from the committee filing. Campaign Spending.



If a Politician can't do their Job, they need to be Fired just like anyone else


Impeachment is a charge against a public official who committed an offense or misdemeanor while in office. A process in which an official is charged with unlawful activity while in office and generally leads to their removal from office. Depending on the country, criminal or civil punishment may follow. 25th Amendment is a provision within Article 4 of the amendment that lays out how a president can be forced to surrender his powers should he be ruled unable to fulfill his duties. Article II, Section I, Clause 6 of the Constitution, which mentions the vice president taking charge in case of presidential “disability.” A majority of the cabinet, can inform Congress that the president is “unable to discharge the powers and duties of his office.” But the definition of what would constitute an inability to discharge the duties of office was left deliberately vague.

Impeach is to call into question the integrity or validity of a practice. To challenge the honesty or veracity of someone.

Ousted is to remove someone from a position or office. To remove and replace. To drive out or expel someone from a position or place. To deprive someone of or exclude someone from possession of something.

Fired is to terminate the employment of someone or discharge someone from an office or position. Having lost your job.

Deposed is to force someone to leave an office or removing a powerful person from a position or office. Deposed Questioning.

Suing - Not above the Law - Not Working Out - New Government

Termination of Employment is an employee's departure from a job. Termination may be voluntary on the employee's part, or it may be at the hands of the employer, often in the form of dismissal (firing) or a layoff. Dismissal or firing is generally thought to be the fault of the employee, whereas a layoff is generally done for business reasons (for instance a business slowdown or an economic downturn) outside the employee's performance.

Dismissal in employment refers to firing or sacking, the termination of employment by an employer against the will of the employee. Though such a decision can be made by an employer for a variety of reasons, ranging from an economic downturn to performance-related problems on the part of the employee, being fired has a strong stigma in many cultures. To be dismissed, as opposed to quitting voluntarily (or being laid off).

Military Discharge is given when a member of the armed forces is released from his or her obligation to serve.

Dereliction of Duty is when a person willfully refused to perform his or her duties (or follow a given order) or has incapacitated themselves in such a way that he cannot perform their duties.

Misfeasance in Public Office is a cause of action in the civil courts of England and Wales and certain Commonwealth countries. It is an action against the holder of a public office, alleging in essence that the office-holder has misused or abused their power.

Malfeasance in Office is the commission of an unlawful act, done in an official capacity, which affects the performance of official duties. Malfeasance in office is often grounds for a for cause removal of an elected official by statute or recall election.

Recall Election is a procedure by which voters can remove an elected official from office through a direct vote before his or her term has ended. Recalls, which are initiated when sufficient voters sign a petition, have a history dating back to the ancient Athenian democracy and are a feature of several contemporary constitutions.

It's hard to convict a scumbag criminal when the scumbag criminal has scumbag friends on the jury who out number the other good jurors who are just trying to do the right thing. There's a difference between a hearing and a trial, but they are similar because they both can be manipulated by criminals.

Motion of No Confidence states that a person in a position of responsibility is no longer deemed fit to hold that position, perhaps because they are inadequate in some respect, are failing to carry out obligations, or are making decisions that other members feel detrimental.

Breach of Fiduciary Duty - Duty of Care - Screening (vetting)

Abdicating
is to give up, such as power, as of monarchs and emperors, or duties and obligations. Stepping Down or Resigning.

Defrocked is to divest from church officials. No-Competence.

Excommunication is an institutional act of religious censure used to end or at least regulate the communion of a member of a congregation with other members of the religious institution who are in normal communion with each other. The purpose of the institutional act is to deprive, suspend, or limit membership in a religious community or to restrict certain rights within it, in particular, those of being in communion with other members of the congregation, and of receiving the sacraments.

Divest is to take away possessions from someone. Deprive of status or authority. Divestment.

25th Amendment or Amendment XXV, Passed by Congress July 6, 1965. Ratified February 10, 1967. Members of the Cabinet can agree to notify Congress that they do not believe a president can carry out his or her duties. The officials could send a letter to Congress explaining why and, if Congress agrees by a two-thirds vote of both chambers, lawmakers could make the vice president "Acting President," under Section 4 of the 25th Amendment. Not Above the Law.

Resignation is the formal act of giving up or quitting one's office or position. A resignation can occur when a person holding a position gained by election or appointment steps down, but leaving a position upon the expiration of a term is not considered resignation. When an employee chooses to leave a position, it is considered a resignation, as opposed to involuntary termination, which occurs when the employee involuntarily loses a job.

Resign is to voluntarily leave a job, post, or position. To give up or retire from a position.

Step Down is to give up or retire from a position

Recues in law is disqualify oneself, such as a judge in a particular case.

Judiciary Committee is a standing committee of the United States House of Representatives. It is charged with overseeing the administration of justice within the federal courts, administrative agencies and Federal law enforcement entities. The Judiciary Committee is also the committee responsible for impeachments of federal officials. Because of the legal nature of its oversight, committee members usually have a legal background, but this is not required.

Mirrors for Princes when a young and inexperienced ruler was about to come to power.

Why is there is no specific education requirements to be a politician? A politician only needs to meet a specific age and also be a citizen and have state status. But what kind of high paying and important job would have no specific job requirements? You have to be a total freaking moron to think this is a good idea, but here we are. The fact that we don't have education requirements for politicians is just sickening. There is no resume that proves that they have the experience, or the necessary training, or the necessary education that would make them qualified and competent enough to fulfill the responsibilities of their job. We are sending children to do Men's work. And every time you see them speak, they all have "Horrible Education" written all over their faces. A person needs licenses to drive a car, because you don't want unskilled drivers killing people and causing damage. But you don't need a license or qualifications to be a president of a country, which is insane and completely ignorant. No company on the planet would hire a person off the street unless they first had an interview to confirm they are qualified for the job and can also handle the responsibilities of that job. We need a test for politicians, verbal and written, so as to prove that someone will not steal, lie, or abuse their employment position. So what would be the perfect resume to have if you were applying for president, or any other level of government? We need to define the courses, the training, and the experiences that are needed that would produce the most intelligent and the most skilled person for the job. Then we will see a government for the people, without the all the corruption and waste. Now there's a law we should pass. A law that will keep your ignorance from repeating itself, that's a good law. No Politician Left Behind.

People should be evaluated by their proven skills and by an accurate measurement of their education level. People should never be measured by the size of their wallet, because any moron could have money, and any moron can be given money by criminals.

Merit System is the process of promoting and hiring government employees based on their ability to perform a job, rather than on their political connections. It is the opposite of the spoils system.

Any moron can run for office, that's why there's so many morons in politics. We need some form of universal training that lets the public know that this person is qualified and competent, as well as incompetent. Toxic Leadership.

Ranked-Choice Voting system is an electoral system in which voters rank candidates by preference.

Ranked Voting is any election voting system in which voters use a ranked (or preferential) ballot to rank choices in a sequence on the ordinal scale: 1st, 2nd, 3rd, etc. There are multiple ways in which the rankings can be counted to determine which candidate (or candidates) is (or are) elected (and different methods may choose different winners from the same set of ballots). The other major voting system is cardinal voting, where candidates are independently rated, rather than ranked. A ranked voting system collects more information from voters compared to the single-mark ballots currently used in most governmental elections, many of which use First-Past-The-Post and Mixed-Member Proportional voting systems.



Competence - Qualifications - Resume


Competence is the ability to do something successfully or efficiently. Having adequate skills and knowledge to be well qualified physically and intellectually. Competence in human resources is the ability of an individual to do a job properly. A competency is a set of defined behaviors that provide a structured guide enabling the identification, evaluation and development of the behaviors in individual employees.

Hiring Process - Firing Process - Appointing - Nepotism - Toxic Employees - Screening (vetting)

Not above the Law - Incompetence fuels negligence and corruption.

Finesse is the skillful handling of a situation. A highly developed state of perfection and having a flawless or impeccable quality.

Black Belt commonly indicates the wearer is competent in a style's basic technique and principles and has attained a level of competency. Testing consists of demonstration of techniques before a panel of examiners. Self Defense.

Competency-Based Learning is learning concrete skills other than just abstract learning. The student is evaluated on the individual competency and can only move on to other competencies after they have mastered the current skill being learned. After that, higher or more complex competencies are learned to a degree of mastery and are isolated from other topics.

Accreditation - Entry Testing - Evaluations - Competency Evaluations - Over Confident Vulnerabilities

Properly is doing something in the right way correctly and satisfactorily. Doing something thoroughly or completely and doing something that is suitable, appropriate and within reason. Proper is having all the qualities that are needed for a particular situation or purpose in order to be effective and efficient as possible.

Capable is having the skills and qualifications to do things well. Having capacity or ability to perform or produce. An aptitude that may be developed. Effective.

Capacity is the capability to perform or produce a specified function. The power to learn or retain knowledge and the ability to understand the facts and significance of your behavior. Capacity is also having certain amount of tolerance and the ability to contain and store potential energy or information.

Capability is the quality of being capable, physically or intellectually or legally. An aptitude that may be developed.

Coherent is being capable of thinking and expressing yourself in a clear and consistent manner. Organized.

Adept is having or showing knowledge and skill and aptitude. Someone who highly skilled in any field.

Ability is possessing the qualities and skills that are needed to perform an action that permits or facilitates the achievement or accomplishment of a goal. Having what is needed to do something or get something done. Productive.

Aptitude is a component of a competence to do a certain kind of work at a certain suitable level. Entry Exam.

Perform is to carry out an action or function that would complete a goal. Performance (art) - Activism.

Performance is the action or process of carrying out or accomplishing an action, task, or function. The act of doing something successfully. The process or manner of functioning or operating and using knowledge as distinguished from merely possessing it.

Wield is being able to use the power or influence of a tool. To handle something effectively.

Talent is a person who possesses unusual innate ability in some field or activity. A natural ability or quality. Gifted.

Practice is the action or process of performing and doing a professions chosen responsibilities effectively and efficiently, which includes systematic plans without doing anything illegal or negligent. Best Practice.

Repertoire is the entire range of skills or aptitudes or devices used in a particular field or occupation. A collection of available activities that a person or company is prepared to perform and do on a regular schedule or in short intervals. A stock of skills or types of behavior that a person habitually uses.

Qualifications are the skills and knowledge that have been measured and documented that makes someone suitable for a particular job or activity. A condition that must be fulfilled before a right can be acquired to make someone eligible for something. An official requirement or job requirement like experience, skills, education and accreditation.

Duty of Care - To Serve - OathsResponsibility - Firing Process

Efficacy is the ability to get a job done satisfactorily. Not a Slouch.

If you are responsible and ask questions, then you don't get hired, you get fired. If you're ignorant and irresponsible, then you get hired. This is why there are so many mindless patsy's working in government's and in corporations.

Competence in law concerns the mental capacity of an individual to participate in legal proceedings or transactions, and the mental condition a person must have to be responsible for his or her decisions or acts.

Four Stages of Competence - Cognition Abilities Verified

Reviews - Assessments - Aptitude and Career Testing

Worker Qualities - Ethics - Hypocrisy - Hypocrites

"Let Us Raise a Standard to which the Wise and the Honest can Repair" ~George Washington, president of the Constitutional Convention on May 25 1787. Some 39 men signed the final document; 55 were alleged to have participated in the framing of the laws.

Appointment and Confirmation is to prepare profiles of possible candidates for the Supreme Court, considering not only judges but also politicians and other individuals whom they consider appropriate for the role. But sadly the Constitution does not set any qualifications for service as a Justice. So confirmation bias and ignorance is prevalent. Bad Judges.

Confirmation (religion) - Hiring Process

Confirmation Hearings offer an opportunity for oversight into the activities of the nominee’s department or agency.

Human Reliability is related to the field of human factors and ergonomics, and refers to the reliability of humans in fields including manufacturing, medicine and nuclear power. Human performance can be affected by many factors such as age, state of mind, physical health, attitude, emotions, propensity for certain common mistakes, errors and cognitive biases, etc.. Human reliability is very important due to the contributions of humans to the resilience of systems and to possible adverse consequences of human errors or oversights, especially when the human is a crucial part of the large socio-technical systems as is common today. User-centered design and error-tolerant design are just two of many terms used to describe efforts to make technology better suited to operation by humans.

Vitality Curve is a leadership construct whereby a workforce is graded in accordance with the individual productivity of its members. It is also known as forced ranking, forced distribution, rank and yank, quota-based differentiation, and stack ranking. The "top 20" percent of the workforce is most productive, and 70% (the "vital 70") work adequately. The other 10% ("bottom 10") are nonproducers and should be fired.

"C" players are nonproducers. They are likely to "enervate" rather than "energize", according to Serge Hovnanian's model. Procrastination is a common trait of "C" players, as well as failure to deliver on promises.

Performance Appraisal also referred to as a performance review, performance evaluation, (career) development discussion, or employee appraisal is a method by which the job performance of an employee is documented and evaluated. Performance appraisals are a part of career development and consist of regular reviews of employee performance within organizations.

Job Performance assesses whether a person performs a job well. Job performance, studied academically as part of industrial and organizational psychology (the branch of psychology that deals with the workplace), also forms a part of human resources management. Performance is an important criterion for organizational outcomes and success.


Screening Employees - Investigate - Examine Carefully


Vetting is to examine carefully investigate someone thoroughly, especially in order to ensure that they are suitable for a job requiring secrecy, loyalty, or trustworthiness. Make a careful and critical examination of something.

Vetting is the process of performing a background check on someone before offering them employment, conferring an award, etc. A prospective person or project may be vetted before making a hiring decision. In addition, in intelligence gathering, assets are vetted to determine their usefulness. Vetted is to examine someone carefully.

Inspected is to look over someone or something carefully or examine carefully for accuracy with the intent of verification.

Scrutinized is to look at someone critically in minute detail.

Screening is the evaluation or investigation of something as part of a methodical survey, to assess suitability for a particular role or purpose. Screening potential employees by doing background checks and verifying work histories with previous employers protects a company and its workers. Skipping pre-employment screenings to save time and money may prove to be costly for a company in terms of lawsuits, workplace violence and employee theft.

Due Diligence is an investigation of a business or person prior to signing a contract, or an act with a certain standard of care.

Elections and Political Campaigns need to be more like a Hiring Process.

Competence - Performance Review - Profiling - Jury Selection - Judge Confirmation

Meritocracy is power that should be vested in individuals almost exclusively based on ability and talent. Advancement in such a system is based on performance measured through examination and/or demonstrated achievement in the field where it is implemented. Meritocracy states that certain things, such as economic goods or power, should be vested in individuals on the basis of ability, talent, effort, and achievement, rather than factors such as sexuality, race, gender, wealth or other social affiliations that discriminate against the unaffiliated or independent members of society. Advancement in such a system is based on performance, as measured through examination or demonstrated achievement.

Qualifications-Based Selection is a procurement process for public agencies to use for the selection of architectural and engineering services for public construction projects. It is a competitive contract procurement process whereby consulting firms submit qualifications to a procuring entity (owner) who evaluates and selects the most qualified firm, and then negotiates the project scope of work, schedule, budget, and consultant fee. (We can also use this selection process for political offices).

Requirements Analysis encompasses those tasks that go into determining the needs or conditions to meet for a new or altered product or project, taking account of the possibly conflicting requirements of the various stakeholders, analyzing, documenting, validating and managing software or system requirements. Requirements analysis is critical to the success or failure of a systems or software project. The requirements should be documented, actionable, measurable, testable, traceable, related to identified business needs or opportunities, and defined to a level of detail sufficient for system design.

Brooks Act requires that governments and people select engineering and architecture firms, as well as politicians, based upon their competency, qualifications and experience, rather than by price or by the number of votes a person gets.

Curriculum Vitae is a written overview of a person's experience and other qualifications for a job opportunity. In some countries, a CV is typically the first item that a potential employer encounters regarding the job seeker and is typically used to screen applicants, often followed by an interview. CVs may also be requested for applicants to postsecondary programs, scholarships, grants and bursaries.

Résumé is a document used by a person to present their backgrounds and skills. Résumés can be used for a variety of reasons, but most often they are used to secure new employment. A typical résumé contains a "summary" of relevant job experience and education.

Accreditation - Credentials

Cover Letter is a written document commonly submitted with a job application outlining the applicant's credentials and interest in the open position. It shows that your skills and experience match the skills and experience needed to do the job. A cover letter is unusually brief and uses keywords from the job description. A cover letter starts with your contact information, date, name, title, employer and address at the top of the page. Then several spaces down you add a salutation, then one space down start with your opening paragraph, then a middle paragraph, and then a second middle paragraph and then your closing statements.

Qualifications for Professional Social Work are those who hold a professional degree in social work, registration or licensure of people working as social workers is required and there are mandated qualifications.

Proposal for Work (PDF)

Licensure means a restricted practice or a restriction on the use of an occupational title, requiring a license. A license created under a "practice act" requires a license before performing a certain activity, such as driving a car on public roads or holding a public office. A license is having permission as well as to the document recording that permission. The license to be a politician must be renewed so that if they have to many violations, they cannot a hold public position of authority.

Almost every politician is a bad investment. Citizens need to invest in the most educated people they have. We need to stop voting for the most favored person of the wealthy, and start voting for the most educated and skilled person that represents the needs of the citizens, and not just the needs of the wealthy or powerful.

Diapers and Politicians should be changed often, both for the same reason. But the main goal should always be to start with someone who is potty trained.

Randomly Selected Qualified People - What if we Replaced Politicians with Randomly Selected People?: Brett Hennig (video and text)

No one wants to be a leader of the losers or the king of the fools. This is why so many morons are in positions of authority, because intelligent people fail to take the responsibility of leadership. Most all intelligent people don't like to have positions of authority because there are too many ignorant people who don't like to listen or learn. We need to change this.

Sortition is the selection of political officials as a random sample from a larger pool of candidates. The logic behind the sortition process originates from the idea that “power corrupts." Kleroterion was a randomization device used by the Athenian polis during the period of democracy to select citizens to the boule, to most state offices, to the nomothetai, and to court juries.

What kind of ignorant scumbag would abuse children and people who are in need, especially when they are already been abused and traumatized? What ignorant reasoning would make a person believe that if they abused people more than they already are, that would some how deter or discourage these people so that they would want to return to the abuse that they were trying to flee from. What kind of ignorant murdering scumbag would come up with an idea like that? We need to stop putting ignorant and incompetent people in positions of authority. We need extreme vetting when choosing our public servants. We need people who understand human language and we need to get rid of people who easily revert to psychopathic barbarism just because they are too ignorant to communicate like normal people do. No more morons in positions of authority. This ignorance has gone on too long.

Someone who is ignorant and criminal is usually not that big of a threat to society by themselves, especially when you can isolate that one person and keep them from doing harm to others. But when an ignorant criminal has power or a position of authority, then their ignorance gets multiplied by thousands when they can force thousands conforming subordinates to be scumbag criminals like their leader. I'm just following orders becomes an excuse to be an as*hole, while the Justice system looks the other way. This is another good reason not to have ignorant scumbags in power. The good news is that good people have the same power, but they don't control the media or the schools like the bad people do. So good people have to work harder and smarter.


Hiring Process - Job Interviews - Recruitment


Citizens have the right to interview the prospective employees or politicians, and to assess whether they are competent enough to do their Job Effectively and Efficiently as needed. Do this before voting them into a position of authority.

Job Interview is a a conversation between a job applicant and a representative of an employer which is conducted to assess whether the applicant should be hired.

Interview is the questioning of a person in order to extract relevant information. To have a formal discussing with somebody for the purpose of an evaluation. A conference with someone important. Interview is a conversation where questions are asked and answers are given. - PDF.

Investigation - Background Check - Qualifications (competence) - Firing Process

Structured Interview is to ensure that each interview is presented with exactly the same questions in the same order. This ensures that answers can be reliably aggregated and that comparisons can be made with confidence between sample subgroups or between different survey periods. A quantitative research method commonly employed in survey research. The aim of this approach is to ensure that each interview is presented with exactly the same questions in the same order. This ensures that answers can be reliably aggregated and that comparisons can be made with confidence between sample subgroups or between different survey periods.

Recruitment refers to the overall hiring process of attracting, selecting and appointing suitable candidates for jobs (either permanent or temporary) within an organization. Shortlisting, selecting and appointing suitable candidates for jobs (either permanent or temporary) within an organization. Recruitment can also refer to processes involved in choosing individuals for unpaid positions, such as voluntary roles or unpaid trainee roles. Managers, human resource generalists and recruitment specialists may be tasked with carrying out recruitment, but in some cases public-sector employment agencies, commercial recruitment agencies, or specialist search consultancies are used to undertake parts of the process. Internet-based technologies to support all aspects of recruitment have become widespread. Draft.

Telephone Interview are often conducted by employers in the initial interview round of the hiring process, this type of interview allows an employer to screen candidates on the candidates experience, qualifications, and salary expectations pertaining to the position and the company. The telephone interview saves the employers' time and eliminates candidates that are unlikely to meet the company’s expectations. Employers tend to perform telephone interviews as a structured interview. The questions are custom tailored to meet the position in question. With the telephone interview there may not be direct contact between the employer and employee, however, the expectations are still there. Telephone interviews are scheduled and questions are generally prepared in advance, similar to the way other interviews are conducted. Another common reason a company looks to the telephone interview is that these interviews can be conducted on-the-fly. The interviewer does not have to assign company resources to the phone interview. It is a cost-effective method to short-list candidates for the position being interviewed for. Reporters conduct a telephone interviews as part of investigative journalism or a live broadcast. The telephone interview allows both interviewee and interviewer to be in a more relaxed state. The interviewer can use the relaxed state to better gauge the interviewee, and pick up on things that may be disguised during the more formal interview process. The Virginia Tech career services department advises candidates to prepare and be in a similar state of mind for a phone interview as a candidate would for a in person interview. The department advises the telephone interview candidates use extra verbiage to make up for lack of visual cues and when a candidate needs to pause to think.

Stable Genius Act requires presidential candidates to have a medical exam and publicly disclose the results before the general election. Avoiding having high functioning idiots in positions of authority.

Job Analysis are procedures to identify the content of a job in terms of activities involved and attributes or job requirements needed to perform the activities. Job analysis provides information to organizations which helps to determine which employees are best fit for specific jobs. Through job analysis, the analyst needs to understand what the important tasks of the job are, how they are carried out, and the necessary human qualities needed to complete the job successfully. The process of job analysis involves the analyst describing the duties of the incumbent, then the nature and conditions of work, and finally some basic qualifications. After this, the job analyst has completed a form called a job psychograph, which displays the mental requirements of the job. The measure of a sound job analysis is a valid task list. This list contains the functional or duty areas of a position, the related tasks, and the basic training recommendations. Subject matter experts (incumbents) and supervisors for the position being analyzed need to validate this final list in order to validate the job analysis. Job analysis is crucial for first, helping individuals develop their careers, and also for helping organizations develop their employees in order to maximize talent. The outcomes of job analysis are key influences in designing learning, developing performance interventions, and improving processes. The application of job analysis techniques makes the implicit assumption that information about a job as it presently exists may be used to develop programs to recruit, select, train, and appraise people for the job as it will exist in the future. A job analysis might be undertaken to document the knowledge, skills, abilities and other characteristics (KSAOs) required or sought for the job. From these the relevant information is captured in such documents as job descriptions and job specifications.

Employment is an employee who is hired to provide services and duties to people on a regular basis in exchange for compensation. An employee contributes labor and expertise to an endeavor of an employer, which the employer in this case are the fellow citizens who hired you through a voting process, or job interview.

Employee Management - Worker Qualities

Nomination is part of the process of selecting a candidate for either election to a public office.

Over a 100 People Run for President, But not everyone gets noticed, Why? 

What if you were an employer and someone said to you that you only had two people to choose from out of the thousands of qualified people who could do the job who are waiting outside your business ready to be hired. What would you say to that? You would say GFY! When certain people in power control your choices, that's criminal, that's terrorism, that's fascism.

When the citizens are denied the necessary knowledge and information that would educate them enough to understand the realities of our current situation, then people would never be aware of the choices they have, which means people will never have true freedom, people will never experience true happiness, and people will never experience a good life. This ruthless control over people is killing us by the millions every year, and yet, we the people still have not learned how to solve this problem. But this problem will be solved within this century, because we don't have a choice. Oh the irony, you took away peoples choices, so now people are left with no choice but to take our choices back, your stealing days are over.

Arrow's Impossibility Theorem is an impossibility theorem stating that when voters have three or more distinct alternatives (options), no ranked order voting system can convert the ranked preferences of individuals into a community-wide (complete and transitive) ranking while also meeting a pre-specified set of criteria: unrestricted domain, non-dictatorship, Pareto efficiency, and independence of irrelevant alternatives. The theorem is often cited in discussions of voting theory as it is further interpreted by the Gibbard–Satterthwaite theorem.

Apoliticism is apathy or antipathy towards all political affiliations in which people take an unbiased position in regard to political matters.

Independent Politician is an individual politician not affiliated to any political party. Independents may support policies which are different from those of the major political parties.


Hiring Friends or Family Members


Nepotism is the practice among those with power or influence of favoring relatives or friends, especially by giving them jobs. Nepotism is based on favoritism granted to relatives in various fields, including business, politics, entertainment, sports, religion and other activities. Privilege.

Anti-Nepotism policies exist to ensure that individuals can't show favoritism on the basis of family relationship. A public official may not appoint, employ, promote, advance, or advocate for appointment, employment, promotion, or advancement, in or to a civilian position in the agency in which he is serving or over which he exercises jurisdiction or control any individual who is a relative of the public official. But scumbag politicians favor bribes from lobbyists, so this is just another thing that politicians will find a away to get around this rule.

Conflict of Interest - Quid Pro Quo - Appointing - Hereditary Title - Rackets - Theft

In-Group Favoritism is a pattern of favoring members of one's in-group over out-group members. This can be expressed in evaluation of others, in allocation of resources, and in many other ways. Contradictions.

Cronyism is the practice of partiality in awarding jobs and other advantages to friends or trusted colleagues, especially in politics and between politicians and supportive organizations. For instance, this includes appointing "cronies" to positions of authority, regardless of their qualifications or competence. Corporate Cronyism - Competition.

Spoils System is a practice in which a political party, after winning an election, gives government civil service jobs to its supporters, friends, and relatives as a reward for working toward victory, and as an incentive to keep working for the party—as opposed to a merit system, where offices are awarded on the basis of some measure of merit, independent of political activity.

Legacy Preferences or legacy admission is a preference given by an institution or organization to certain applicants on the basis of their familial relationship to alumni of that institution, with college admissions being the field in which legacy preferences are most controversially used. Students so admitted are referred to as legacies or legacy students. Legacy preferences in college and university admissions are particularly widespread in the United States; almost three-quarters of research universities and nearly all liberal arts colleges grant legacy preferences in admissions. Schools vary in how broadly they extend legacy preferences, with some schools granting this favor only to children of undergraduate alumni, while other schools extend the favor to children, grandchildren, siblings, nephews, and nieces of alumni of undergraduate and graduate programs. A 2005 analysis of 180,000 student records obtained from nineteen selective colleges and universities found that, within a set range of SAT scores, being a legacy raised an applicant's chances of admission by 19.7 percentage points.

Development Case are a set of preferences in university and college admission, particularly in college admissions in the United States, separate from merit, athletic, racial and legacy preferences, whereby applicants from wealthy families are more likely to be granted admission to selective universities based on large donations made by family. The practice is not widely discussed by universities that use it, but is reported to be used by a number of top-ranked schools, Ivy League and otherwise.



Corruption - In Your Face Illegal Activity


Heads up Their Ass Political Corruption is the use of powers by government officials for illegitimate private gain that are clearly forbidden by law, such as bribery, extortion, cronyism, nepotism, parochialism, patronage, influence peddling, graft, fraud, embezzlement, theft, drug trafficking, money laundering, and Human trafficking.

Corruption is when someone lacks integrity and honesty. It's when someone uses a position of trust for a dishonest gain. Corruption is a moral perversion and an impairment of virtue and a degradation moral principles. Corruption destroys peoples loyalty by undermining moral integrity. Corruption is the improper influence of a public official to cover up the truth and lie about bribes that they have received. Corruption is a violation of duty and a felony.

Integrity Violation is any act which violates anticorruption policy including corrupt and fraudulent practice, coercive practice, collusive practice and/or obstructive practice; or threatening, harassing or intimidating any party to prevent it from disclosing its knowledge of matters relevant to an investigation. Integrity violations can be defined as violations of moral values and norms.

There is no grey area or a particular color in law. White color or blue color, a violation of the law is a violation of the law. And no one should be above the law. So we need more watchdogs and we need a better education system and more responsible media outlets.

Graft in politics is a form of political corruption, being the unscrupulous use of a politician's authority for personal gain. Grievances.

Corruption Perceptions Index is an index published annually by Berlin based Transparency International since 1995 which ranks countries "by their perceived levels of public sector corruption, as determined by expert assessments and opinion surveys." The CPI generally defines corruption as "the misuse of public power for private benefit".

We currently have a system that makes it difficult for a criminal to stop being a criminal. Our system makes it easy for a criminal to stay a criminal. Our system encourages corruption by not completely controlling it or completely stopping it. Corruption will continue until we learn to how to effectively control it and stop it from happening. Corruption and fraud are rampant because people are sometimes afraid to speak up and report fraud because they fear retaliation and fear losing a job that they desperately need. People are also used as patsy's and puppets for the real perpetrators of fraud and corruption. Company representatives and customer service people are even trained to commit fraud and trained to lie to customers in order to make the company money. Innocent and ignorant people are being used as the fall guys for the real criminals. But some people are not so innocent. some people are passive, which makes them accessories to crimes against the state. Some people know that they're committing fraud, but they don't care, they also like to make up deranged excuses why they do what they do.

Scumbags - Bad Apples - Toxic leadership - Fiduciary Failure - Corruption - Nation Master - Divided by Manipulation

Rigged System is when criminals in power dishonestly arranging desired outcomes and manipulate laws and regulations in a fraudulent manner that gives them an unfair advantage and an exemption from being punished, unlike citizens.

Corruption is a systemic problem that's in all levels of society that has many contributing factors that must be individually understood and dealt with accordingly. Our most important problem is that we need to improve education. That's because ignorance is in all levels of society. This makes ignorance the biggest threat to every human on the planet. So if we never improve education, and improve how we inform people, then the mass extinction we are currently in now, will eventually destroy all life on this planet as we know it, and all life as we use to know it. When we fix this problem of ignorance, we will then solve every problem on the planet. So now all we have to do is convince people how easy it is to learn and how easy it is to educate themselves, and become aware of how much ignorance they have and how much ignorance is around them. Every human being has the ability to be intelligent, and every human wants to be smart and intelligent. So if we make learning easy for people, then every person alive today will be intelligent in 10 years, which is just the average time it will take.

Corruption leads to wars. Corruption leads to poverty. Corruption leads to refugees. Corruption leads to people being exploited and abused. Corruption leads to disease. Corruption leads to the poisoning of the land, air, water. and people. Corruption leads to murder. Corruption leads to all types of crimes.

The Cure for Corruption is Knowledge
. People need access to that worlds most valuable knowledge and information.

Most politicians normally oppose and support things because they want to extort money from the criminals who are causing the problems and profiting from the abuses. And at the same time they take money from voters even when knowing that they are going to stab them in the back. Total scumbags." Ignorance - Sell Out.

Adulterating is making something impure or corrupt by adding extraneous materials that are not essential or relevant. To corrupt, debase, or make something impure by adding a foreign or inferior substance; often by replacing valuable ingredients with inferior ones. Negligence.

High Crimes and Misdemeanors covers allegations of misconduct by officials. Offenses by officials also include ordinary crimes, but perhaps with different standards of proof and punishment than for non-officials, on the grounds that more is expected of officials by their oaths of office. Indeed, the offense may not even be a breach of criminal statute. See Harvard Law Review "The majority view is that a president can legally be impeached for 'intentional, evil deeds' that 'drastically subvert the Constitution and involve an unforgivable abuse of the presidency'—even if those deeds didn't violate any criminal laws. High Misdemeanor is maladministration of high office, treasonable words, receiving stolen goods.

Just knowing a crime has been committed does not give you the power to act. To stop a crime you would need a considerable amount of training and knowledge, as well as the support of the law and your community. This is why we give the power to stop crimes to the police and to the courts. But our justice system can be easily corrupted by powerful interests. So the system is flawed. And the only way to fix and improve the system is to improve education. You can never teach someone about the realities of life if they never learned the realities of life in school or in college. Every one wants to have power, but know one wants to spend the time needed to learn what power is and how to use it effectively. So most people just steal power and grab power by exploiting the vulnerabilities of the system. And if the citizens are too ignorant to act, they will become either the victim, the criminal or the bystander, and only a few will act out of desperation. And you should not have to be desperate to do what is right or good. So now you are beginning to see how debilitating ignorance is. We have to fix ourselves first, then fix the system. you can't reboot the system without having people who are educated enough to use the system effectively, efficiently and ethically. Your memory is extremely important, but you can't remember something if you never learned it. If our DNA had a bad memory, we not not be alive. The information in our DNA that is used for development and protection, is just as important as the information in our minds that is used for development and protection. But you have to manually learn how to mentally develop, and you also have to learn how to protect yourself from dangers.

People use money as their excuse to be ignorant and disrespectful. Just because you have money, that doesn't mean that you have the right to be an scumbag. This is why society makes laws, to remind people that what things are proven to be wrong and bad. But people don't always follow the law. And ignorant or corrupt people don't always fully understand the damage that they're doing. This is why a good education is so extremely important, because you can't rehabilitate what you don't educate.

What is Relevant Today has been relevant for years: War, poverty, refugees, disease, food, water, shelter, crimes, lack of education, disinformation, pollution, climate change. We have a lot of responsibilities to pay attention to and take seriously. And still our leadership fails us as we naively follow them straight into hell. Evil - Contradictions.

Violation is an act in disregard of laws, rules, contracts, or promises. A disrespectful act. The action of violating someone or something. An act that disregards an agreement, oath or a right.

Indefensible is something that is incapable of being justified or explained. An act that has no excuse or reason other than to commit a crime.

Unwarranted
is something lacking justification or authorization. Incapable of being justified or explained.

The End does Not Justify the Means. You can not use false reasoning as an excuse for your actions. If you can not fully explain the negatives and the positives accurately enough, then you can not justify your actions. Crime.

Gratuitous is something that is unnecessary, unwarranted and without cause or reason.

Transgress is to act in disregard of laws, rules, contracts, or promises. Commit a sin or violate a law of God or violate a moral law. Pass beyond the limits or boundaries of sanity.

Transgressive is involving a violation of accepted or imposed boundaries, especially those of social acceptability.

Relational Transgression occurs when people violate implicit or explicit relational rules. These transgressions include a wide variety of behaviors like Broken promises, Inconsiderate behavior, Neglecting the victim, Verbal aggression toward the victim, Unwarranted disagreement, Violent behavior toward the victim. Jealous of other Peoples Happiness.

Digress is to lose clarity or turn aside especially from the main subject of attention or course of argument in writing, thinking, or speaking. Wander from a direct or straight course.

People are Making Deals with the Devil and are playing the Devils Advocate. These people need to blow the whistle and inform the public of these wrong doings. We must stop this ignorant behavior before it's to late.

American Anti-Corruption Act is a piece of model legislation designed to limit the influence of money in American politics by overhauling lobbying, transparency, and campaign finance laws. It was crafted in 2011. Provisions cover three areas: Stop political bribery by overhauling lobbying and ethics laws. End secret money by dramatically increasing transparency. Give every voter a voice by creating citizen-funded elections. The AACA's authors state that its provisions are based on existing laws that have withstood court challenges, and are therefore likely constitutional. Anti Corruption Act.

Title of Nobility Clause, or the Emoluments Clause, prohibits the Federal government from granting titles of nobility, and restricts members of the government from receiving gifts, emoluments, offices or titles from foreign states without the consent of the United States Congress. It was designed to shield the republican character of the United States against so–called "corrupting foreign influences". This shield is reinforced by the corresponding prohibition on state titles of nobility in Article I, Section 10, and more generally by the Republican Guarantee Clause in Article IV, Section 4. Contradictions.

Public Enemy Number One

Public Enemy describes individuals whose activities are seen as criminal and extremely damaging to society.

Enemy of the State is a person accused of certain crimes against the state, such as treason.

Enemy of the People is a designation for the political or class opponents of the subgroup in power within a larger group. The term implies that by opposing the ruling subgroup, the "enemies" in question are acting against the larger group, for example against society as a whole.



Immunity - No One is Above the Law


Exemption is immunity from an obligation, duty or law. Being free from liability imposed on others.

Immunity is the protection or exemption from obligations or penalties. Immunity is protection or exemption from something, especially an obligation or penalty. Officially granted exemption from legal proceedings. Biological Defenses.

Impunity means exemption from punishment or loss or escape from fines.

Sovereign Immunity - Privilege - Religious Exemption - Draft Exemptions

Legal Immunity is a legal status wherein an individual or entity cannot be held liable for a violation of the law, in order to facilitate societal aims that outweigh the value of imposing liability in such cases. Such legal immunity may be from criminal prosecution, or from civil liability (being subject of lawsuit), or both. The most notable forms of legal immunity are diplomatic immunity, judicial immunity, and witness immunity. One author has described legal immunity as "the obverse of a legal power": A party has an immunity with respect to some action, object or status, if some other relevant party – in this context, another state or international agency, or citizen or group of citizens – has no (power) right to alter the party's legal standing in point of rights or duties in the specified respect. There is a wide range of legal immunities that may be invoked in the name of the right to rule. In international law, immunities may be created when states assert powers of derogation, as is permitted, for example, from the European Convention on Human Rights "in times of war or other public emergency." Equally familiar examples include the immunities against prosecution granted to representatives (MPs or councillors) and government officials in pursuit of their duties. Such legal immunities may be suspect as potential violations of the rule of law, or regarded as quite proper, as necessary protections for the officers of the state in the rightful pursuit of their duties.

Qualified Immunity is a legal doctrine in United States federal law that shields government officials from being held personally liable for discretionary actions performed within their official capacity, unless their actions violated "clearly established" federal law or constitutional rights. It is intended to protect officials who "make reasonable but mistaken judgments about open legal questions", extending to "all [officials] but the plainly incompetent or those who knowingly violate the law". Qualified immunity applies only to government officials in civil litigation, and does not protect the government itself from suits arising from officials' actions. The U.S. Supreme Court first introduced the qualified immunity doctrine in 1967, originally with the rationale of protecting law enforcement officials from frivolous lawsuits and financial liability in cases where they acted in good faith in unclear legal situations. Starting around 2005, courts increasingly applied the doctrine to cases involving the use of excessive or deadly force by police, leading to widespread criticism that it, in the words of a 2020 Reuters report, "has become a nearly failsafe tool to let police brutality go unpunished and deny victims their constitutional rights". Justice in Policing Act of 2020.

Absolute Immunity is a form of legal immunity for government officials that confers complete immunity from criminal prosecution and suits for damages, so long as officials are acting within the scope of their duties. The Supreme Court of the United States has consistently held that government officials deserve some type of immunity from lawsuits for damages, and that the common law recognized this immunity. The Court reasons that this immunity is necessary to protect public officials from excessive interference with their responsibilities and from "potentially disabling threats of liability." Absolute immunity contrasts with qualified immunity, which applies only when certain officials violate clearly established constitutional rights or federal law.

Pardons are supposed to be for people who were wrongly convicted of a crime or committed a crime under duress. Pardons are not supposed to be used to absolve scumbag criminals who committed crimes for the person who is giving them a pardon.

Unenforced Law is a crime which is illegal, but is usually not penalized by a jurisdiction. It is a law which is usually ignored by law enforcement, therefore such laws have no consequences. Some people have criticized such laws claiming that it indicates sometimes the law means what it says, sometimes it doesn't.

When powerful people are allowed to be above the law, they will continue to commit crimes repeatedly at the expense of every citizen. When laws are broken by people who are not held accountable, it encourages them to commit more crimes, and that ignorance trickles down to its citizens, just like a cancer. This criminal activity keeps repeating itself into the debts of society under the excuse that "if people of authority can get away with being a scumbag criminal, then so should I". When the average citizen commits a crime, it may only effect a few people. But when a person of influence commits a crime, it could kill millions of people and kill millions of future generations. When a citizen commits a crime they usually go to prison. But when a politician commits a crime, they usually get away with it, which means that there is no law and your justice system is corrupted. We have criminals who don't care about what they do to people, or to the planet, because they mostly care about money. And the sad thing is, they don't have to act this way. They can be just like the hundreds of millions of other people who don't kill or cause people to suffer. Power in the wrong hands is like a disease. And that is not the fault of the human if the human is not aware of the disease. So all we have to do is improve education. But the same people in power control education.

Coercion - Loopholes - Toxic Leadership - Corrupt Judges - Bribes - Sell Out

Many presidents and politicians throughout history have been indicted while holding office in the federal government. The U.S. Constitution explains how a president can be removed from office for “high crimes and misdemeanors” by Congress using the impeachment process. But the Constitution does not directly say whether a president can face criminal prosecution in court, and the U.S. Supreme Court has not directly addressed the question, so there is no debate, no reasons, no examples, no scenarios, thus no direct law, only a law that some how does not include them. When we give criminals Loopholes to escape justice, then they will continue to commit more crimes. A get out of jail fee card is real, and real monopoly is not a roll of the dice, it's planned actions with criminal intent. The Constitution states that anyone removed from office for committing an impeachable offense shall, upon being convicted by the Senate, is “liable and subject to Indictment, Trial, Judgment and Punishment, according to Law.” But, the U.S. Justice Department has a decades-old policy that a sitting president cannot be indicted, using the excuse that indictment or criminal prosecution of a sitting President would unconstitutionally undermine the capacity of the executive branch to perform its constitutionally assigned functions, which says that you can commit crimes just as long as you do your job, or pretend to be doing a job. Section 3 says that a President can declare himself "unable to discharge the powers and duties of his office" (unable to do his job). He must say this in a written letter to both the President pro tempore of the Senate and the Speaker of the House of Representatives. The U.S. Justice Department also uses another excuse that criminal charges against a president would “violate the constitutional separation of powers” delineating the authority of the executive, legislative and judicial branches of the U.S. government. A president cannot pardon someone for state or local crimes. To date, no president has been removed from office by impeachment and conviction. And many federal crimes have a five-year statute of limitations, meaning prosecutors have five years from the date the conduct at issue occurred to bring an indictment. This is why criminals like to stay in power for long as they can. Secrecy - Accessory.

Executive Privilege is another word for corruption. But criminals claim that the President of the United States and other members of the executive branch have a right to resist certain subpoenas and other interventions by the legislative and judicial branches of government, denying their rights to access information and personnel relating to the executive branch.

Unitary Executive Theory is a theory of American constitutional law holding that the President possesses the power to control the entire executive branch. The doctrine is rooted in Article Two of the United States Constitution, which vests "the executive power" of the United States in the President. Although that general principle is widely accepted, there is disagreement about the strength and scope of the doctrine. It can be said that some favor a "strongly unitary" executive, while others favor a "weakly unitary" executive. The former group argue, for example, that Congress's power to interfere with intra-executive decision-making (such as firing executive branch officials) is limited, and that the President can control policy-making by all executive agencies within the limits set for those agencies by Congress. Still others agree that the Constitution requires a unitary executive, but believe this to be harmful, and propose its abolition by constitutional amendment.

Scot-Free is to avoid or to escape from a situation without suffering, punishment, payment or injury. The expression 'Scot-free' originates from the Scandanavian word, 'Skat,' which means “tax” or “payment.” The word mutated into 'scot' as the name of redistributive taxation meant to provide relief to the poor during the 10th century.

Skirt the Law (loopholes) - Kickbacks

Ineligibility Clause is to protect separation of powers by ensuring that no member of the Executive or judicial branches of the federal government of the United States could simultaneously serve in the Legislative Branch and to prevent Congress from conspiring to create offices or increase federal officials' salaries with the expectation that members of Congress would later be appointed to these posts.

Separation of Powers is having each of the three branches would have defined abilities to check the powers of the other branches. This idea was called separation of powers. (Except it doesn't work when they are secretly under collusion, which is a secret understanding between two or more persons to gain something illegally, to defraud another of his or her rights, or to appear as adversaries though in agreement). Separation of Powers between Branches of Government (Checks and Balances) U.S. Constitution › Article I.

Legitimacy in politics is not above the law. You need to be held accountable. And you also have a responsibility to uphold the law and not break the law. No more loopholes for Skirting the law.

Watchdogs - Accountable - Whistleblowing (States Evidence)

Witness Protection Program is what Presidents have, but they call it secret service protection. The only difference is that they did not help take corrupt politicians out of government, because they are accessories to crimes committed against citizens, and now citizens pay for these criminals protection, what a racket. Do you need a pardon? Then pardon me for asking.

Improvements Needed:
Transparency, Accountability, Responsibility, Decentralization and Intelligent Leadership.

Continuity of Government is the principle of establishing defined procedures that allow a government to continue its essential operations in case of nuclear war or other catastrophic event.

Continuity of Businesses

Presidential Directive are a form of an executive order issued by the President of the United States with the advice and analysis of the National Security Council. The directives articulate the executive's national security policy and carry the "full force and effect of law". Since many of the Presidential Directives pertain to the national security of the United States, many remain classified. Carter Administration Presidential Directives (PD), 1977-81.

Martial Law

Line-item Veto is the power of an executive authority to nullify or cancel specific provisions of a bill, usually a budget appropriations bill, without vetoing the entire legislative package. The line-item vetoes are usually subject to the possibility of legislative override as are traditional veto's, which is the power (used by an officer of the state, for example) to unilaterally stop an official action, especially the enactment of legislation.

Rider in legislation is an additional provision added to a bill or other measure under the consideration by a legislature, having little connection with the subject matter of the bill. Riders are usually created as a tactic to pass a controversial provision that would not pass as its own bill. Occasionally, a controversial provision is attached to a bill not to be passed itself but to prevent the bill from being passed (in which case it is called a wrecking amendment or poison pill, or politicians acting like scumbag criminals.). This is the same as extortion and collusion.

Red-Tape - Loop-Holes - Immunity - Legalized Corruption

Punishment does not work - PDF (Vulnerable User)

"We have an ignorant government that thinks that fines are a way of solving a problem."

Media Literacy - Activism - Social Abuses

"Politicians are running out of catch phrases, mostly because of the constant lying, which has made people more doubtful and harder to fool. So popular slogans are losing their effect. So you have to wonder, what are these nut cases going to do next?"

Criminally Insane is having a mental defect or a disease of the mind that makes it impossible for a person to understand the wrongfulness of his or her acts, and they can not distinguish right from wrong as a result of extreme ignorance and a particular brain dysfunction that distorts their behavior, disrupts their thinking and manipulates their reality.

If ignorance of the law is no excuse, then ignorance of reality is also no excuse. Competence - Immunity.

Ignorantia juris non excusat is a legal principle holding that a person who is unaware of a law may not escape liability for violating that law merely because one was unaware of its content. Even though it would be impossible, even for someone with substantial legal training, to be aware of every law in operation in every aspect of a state's activities, this is the price paid to ensure that willful blindness cannot become the basis of exculpation. Thus, it is well settled that persons engaged in any undertakings outside what is common for a normal person, such as running a company or a government, will make themselves aware of the laws necessary to engage in that undertaking. If they do not, they cannot complain if they incur liability.

State Crime is activity or failures to act that break the state's own criminal law or public international law.

Power Harassment is harassment or unwelcome attention of a political nature, often occurring in the environment of a workplace including hospitals, schools and universities. It includes a range of behavior from mild irritation and annoyances to serious abuses which can even involve forced activity beyond the boundaries of the job description. Power harassment is considered a form of illegal discrimination and is a form of political and psychological abuse, and bullying.

Legal Threats - Lawsuit Threats

Power Politics - Pedestrian At Best - Courtney Barnett (youtube)

Transference - Cognitive Distortions - Ignorance

Obstruction of Justice refers to the crime of obstructing prosecutors or other (usually government) officials.

Hatch Act of 1939 prohibits employees in the executive branch of the federal government, except the president, vice-president, and certain designated high-level officials of that branch, from engaging in some forms of political activity.


Loopholes - Backdoors


Loophole is an ambiguity or inadequacy in a system, such as a law or security, which can be used to circumvent or otherwise avoid the intent, implied or explicitly stated, of the system. Loopholes are searched for and used strategically in a variety of circumstances, including taxes, elections, politics, the criminal justice system, or in breaches of security, or a response to one's civil liberties.

Legal Abuse - Legalized Corruption - Above the Law - Racket - Sell Out

Circumvent the Law is to avoid being stopped by a law or rule by going around it in a dishonest way. When people are not held accountable, then they can get away with all kinds of crimes, even murder. Justice.

Skirt the Law means that someone has knowingly broke the law but is using loop holes or procedural errors to get away with it. A skirt is a garment that "goes around" the waist, skirting means to go around, like to go around the law.

Backdoor is an illegal loophole method of bypassing normal rules and regulations. Computer Backdoor.

Workaround is a method for overcoming a problem or limitation in a program or system. Sometimes it's done illegally to circumvent laws and sometimes it's done when a process has to move faster. Regulations.

Diminished Responsibility is a potential defense by excuse by which defendants argue that although they broke the law, they should not be held fully criminally liable for doing so, as their mental functions were "diminished" or impaired. Diffusion.

Plausible Deniability is the ability for persons (typically senior officials in a formal or informal chain of command) to Deny knowledge of or responsibility for any damnable actions committed by others (usually subordinates in an organizational hierarchy) because of a lack of evidence that can confirm their participation, even if they were personally involved in or at least willfully ignorant of the actions.

Mistake in criminal law is when the state cannot allow ignorance of the law to be a defense. This would unduly encourage the lazy and the deceitful to trade on their ignorance (real or otherwise). Not above the Law.

Extenuating Circumstances refers to circumstances that excuse somebody from a punishment they would receive under normal conditions. Double Standard - Discrimination.

Coercion is the practice of forcing another party to act in an involuntary manner by use of intimidation or threats or some other form of pressure or force, such as Rape. In law, coercion is codified as a duress crime. Such actions are used as leverage, to force the victim to act in a way contrary to their own interests. Coercion may involve the actual infliction of physical pain/injury or psychological harm in order to enhance the credibility of a threat. The threat of further harm may lead to the cooperation or obedience of the person being coerced. Power of Authority Abuse.

Moral Perversion is the impairment of virtue and moral principles. Using something in a wrong way. Question Dodging.

Incitement is persuading, encouraging, instigating, pressuring, or threatening so as to cause another to commit a crime.

Superior Orders is a plea in a court of law that a person—whether a member of the military, law enforcement, a firefighting force, or the civilian population—not be held guilty for actions which were ordered by a superior officer or an official.

Malicious Compliance is the behavior of intentionally inflicting harm by strictly following the orders of a superior, knowing that compliance with the orders will not have the intended result. The term usually implies the following of an order in such a way that ignores the order's intent but follows its letter. It is usually done to injure or harm a superior while maintaining a sense of legitimacy. A specific form of industrial action that utilizes this behavior is work-to-rule.

Brown Nose (conformity)

Idealization and Devaluation is when an individual is unable to integrate difficult feelings, specific defenses are mobilized to overcome what the individual perceives as an unbearable situation. The defense that helps in this process is called splitting. Splitting is the tendency to view events or people as either all bad or all good. When viewing people as all good, the individual is said to be using the defense mechanism idealization: a mental mechanism in which the person attributes exaggeratedly positive qualities to the self or others. When viewing people as all bad, the individual employs devaluation: attributing exaggeratedly negative qualities to the self or others.

Splitting is the failure in a person's thinking to bring together the dichotomy of both positive and negative qualities of the self and others into a cohesive, realistic whole. It is a common defense mechanism used by many people.

Immunity (above the law) - Extremism

Public Choice is how political decision-making results in outcomes that conflict with the preferences of the general public.

Revolving Door in politics is when an unhealthy relationship can develop between the private sector and government, based on the granting of reciprocated privileges to the detriment of the nation and can lead to regulatory capture.

Red Tape refers to excessive regulation or rigid conformity to formal rules that is considered redundant or bureaucratic and hinders or prevents action or decision-making. It is usually applied to governments, corporations, and other large organizations. Incompetence.

Bureaucracy is any organization in which actions are obstructed by continual and persistent demands along with unnecessary procedures or Red Tape or unnecessary time-consuming procedures. Bureaucracy is non-elective government officials or a government that is administered primarily by bureaus that are staffed with non-elective officials. Competence.

Bureaucrat is someone within an institution of government.

Legislator is a person who writes and passes laws, especially someone who is a member of a legislature.

Diplomat is a person appointed by a state to conduct Diplomacy with one or more other states or international organizations. The main functions of diplomats are: representation and protection of the interests and nationals of the sending state; initiation and facilitation of strategic agreements; treaties and conventions; promotion of information; trade and commerce; technology; and friendly relations.

Deregulation is the process of removing or reducing state regulations, typically in the economic sphere. It is the repeal of governmental regulation of the economy.

Business as Usual
is a phrase which refers to the conduct of business regardless of current circumstances, especially difficult events which pose a potential negative impact. The phrase can also mean maintaining the status quo. To maintain the status quo is to keep the things the way they presently are while ignoring the existing state of affairs. People who want to maintain the status quo can be seen as being resistant to progress.

Administrative Discretion refers to the flexible exercising of judgment and decision making allowed to public administrators Regulatory agencies have the power to exercise this type of discretion in their day-to-day activities, and there have been cases where regulatory agencies have abused this power. Administrative law can help these agencies get on the path of following regulations, serve the public, and in turn, a reflection of the public's values and beliefs. Street-Level Bureaucracy is where the civil servants who have direct contact with members of the general public.


Accessories - Contributing to Criminal Activity - Assisting - Accomplice


Accessory is a person who assists in the commission of a crime, but who does not actually participate in the commission of the crime as a joint principal. The distinction between an accessory and a principal is a question of fact and degree: The principal is the one whose acts or omissions, accompanied by the relevant mens rea (Latin for "guilty mind"), are the most immediate cause of the actus reus (Latin for "guilty act"). If two or more people are directly responsible for the actus reus, they can be charged as joint principals (see common purpose). The test to distinguish a joint principal from an accessory is whether the defendant independently contributed to causing the actus reus rather than merely giving generalised and/or limited help and encouragement.

When you contribute to criminal activity, you're a criminal.

Passive - Implied Consent - Conformity - Enabling - Negligence - White-Collar Crimes - Gun Control

Complicity is guilt as an accomplice in a crime or offense. Complicity is the participation in a completed criminal act of an accomplice, a partner in the crime who aids or encourages (abets) other perpetrators of that crime, and who shared with them an intent to act to complete the crime. A person is an accomplice of another person in the commission of a crime if they purpose the completion of a crime, and toward that end, if that person solicits or encourages the other person, or aids or attempts to aid in planning or committing the crime, or has legal duty to prevent that crime but fails to properly make an effort to prevent it. Unlike attempt, solicitation, and conspiracy, which are crimes in and of themselves, complicity is not itself a crime, but is a way of committing a crime. Complicity also differs from attempt, solicitation, and conspiracy in that it always depends on that crime having been completed, i.e., it is never inchoate. Complicity does not require causation of the crime, merely participation in the commission of the crime. In cases where one is complicit because of a failure to act when one has a duty to act to prevent a crime, complicity differs from omission in that liability for complicity arises from the relationship to other perpetrators, whereas liability for omission arises from a duty relationship to the victim. Common law traditionally distinguished between a "principal" perpetrator who is primarily responsible for a crime, and an "accessory" perpetrator who is less responsible, but modern approaches abandon this distinction, and "a person is legally accountable for the conduct of another when he is an accomplice of the other person in the commission of the crime". For two persons to be complicit in a crime that does not involve negligence, they must share the same criminal intent; "there must be community of purpose, partnership in the unlawful undertaking". An accomplice "is a partner in the crime, the chief ingredient of which is always intent". In crimes not involving negligence, there should be evidence that an accomplice had knowledge of the intention of their partner.

Accomplice is a person who joins with another in carrying out some plan or crime, especially an unethical or illegal plan. Accomplice is a person who actively participates in the commission of a crime, even if they take no part in the actual criminal offense. For example, in a bank robbery, the person who points the gun at the teller and asks for the money is guilty of armed robbery. Anyone else directly involved in the commission of the crime, such as the lookout or the getaway car driver, is an accomplice, even if in the absence of an underlying offense keeping a lookout or driving a car would not be an offense.

Co-conspirator is a person who is engaged in a conspiracy with another or others. Pre-Meditated.

Shadow Government - The Establishment - Corruption

Unindicted Co-Conspirator is a person or entity that is alleged in an indictment to have engaged in conspiracy, but who is not charged in the same indictment. Prosecutors choose to name persons as unindicted co-conspirators for a variety of reasons including grants of immunity, pragmatic considerations, and evidentiary concerns.

Assist is the activity of contributing to the furtherance of something harmful or something good.

Sympathizer is a person who agrees with or supports a sentiment or opinion.

Inadvertently is to do something accidentally without intention or knowledge.

Collaborationism is cooperation with the enemy against one's country in wartime.

Unholy Alliance in geopolitical refers to an alliance which is perceived as unnatural, unusual, or simply undesirable, sometimes between seemingly antagonistic parties.

Treason - Negligence - Monopoly - Coercion - Sell Out

Aiding is assisting, supporting, or helping another to commit a crime. Abetting is encouraging, inciting, or inducing another to commit a crime. Aiding and abetting is a term often used to describe a single act. An accessory is someone who does any of the above things in support of a principle's commission of crime.

Aiding and Abetting is when a person aids or abets a crime may be charged directly with the crime, as if the crime had been carried out themselves. Whoever commits an offense against the United States or aids, abets, counsels, commands, induces or procures its commission, is punishable as a principal. Whoever willfully causes an act to be done which if directly performed by him or another would be an offense against the United States, is punishable as a principal. Abet is to assist or encourage a wrongdoing.

Harboring a Fugitive refers to the crime of knowingly hiding a wanted criminal from the authorities. Although supplying funds may make one an accessory after the fact, supplying financial assistance to a fugitive does not rise to the level of harboring or concealing. The federal statute, 18 U.S.C. § 1071, requires proof of four elements: (1) proof that a federal warrant had been issued for the fugitive' s arrest, (2) that the accused had knowledge that a warrant had been issued, (3) that the accused actually harbored or concealed the fugitive, and (4) that the accused intended to prevent the fugitive' s discovery or arrest.

Means, Motive and Opportunity are the three aspects of a crime that must be established before guilt can be determined in a criminal proceeding. Means refers to the ability of the defendant to commit the crime as well as having access to certain tools and resources that would help to commit the crime. Motive is the intention or the possible reasons why the defendant committed the crime, like financial motivation or revenge. Opportunity is whether the defendant had the chance to commit the crime and had access to certain areas that would make it possible to commit a crime. Being at the crime scene at the time of the offence.

Conspiracy - Secrecy - Toxic Leadership

Crime Opportunity is a theory that suggests that offenders make rational choices and thus choose targets that offer a high reward with little effort and risk. The occurrence of a crime depends on two things: the presence of at least one motivated offender who is ready or willing to engage in a crime, and the conditions of the environment in which that offender is situated, to wit, opportunities for crime. All crimes require opportunity but not every opportunity is followed by crime.

Ulterior Motive is an alternative or extrinsic reason for doing something, especially when concealed or when differing from the stated or apparent reason. Ulterior motives is when someone lies about doing something good but the reality is that they are doing something bad because of selfish reasons. "I want to help improve your life, but in reality, I will not improve your life because the real reasons why I'm pretending to help you is to benefit myself at your expense." Some people, corporations and politicians lie about the real reasons why they do things in order to cover up the true facts of why they do things, which is that they care more about money than people and the environment. This is more than just having a mental disorder or psychosis. When reality is distorted, and when people conform to or even support this distorted reality, mistakes and crimes happen, and people die and people suffer. There is very little accountability or transparency. When criminals can manipulate the justice system, control the media and schools, and most of the government agencies, then Democracy becomes an illusion, and mass psychosis is prevalent.

Routine Activity Theory says that crime is relatively unaffected by social causes such as poverty, inequality and unemployment. For instance, after World War II, the economy of Western countries was booming and the Welfare states were expanding. Despite this, crime rose significantly during this time. According to Felson and Cohen, the reason for the increase is that the prosperity of contemporary society offers more opportunities for crime to occur; there is much more to steal.

Kleptocracy "rule by thieves" is a term applied to a government seen as having a particularly severe and systemic problem with officials or a ruling class (collectively, kleptocrats) taking advantage of corruption to extend their personal wealth and political power. Typically this system involves the embezzlement of state funds at the expense of the wider population, sometimes without even the pretense of honest service.


Fall Guys - Scapegoats


Shill is a person who publicly helps or gives credibility to a person or organization without disclosing that they have a close relationship with the person or organization. Shills can carry out their operations in the areas of media, journalism, marketing or other business areas. A shill may also act to discredit opponents or critics of the person or organization in which they have a vested interest through character assassination or other means. Dark Money - Coercion.

Duped is to be fooled or hoaxed. A person who is tricked or swindled. False Advertising.

Patsy is a person who is gullible and easy to take advantage of. Puppet.

Scapegoat is someone who is punished for the errors of others. A person who is unfairly blamed for problems. It involves a set of various types of forceful actions that violate the free will of an individual to induce a desired response, for example: a bully demanding lunch money to a student or the student gets beaten. These actions can include, but are not limited to, extortion, blackmail, torture, and threats to induce favors. Problem Transference.

Fall Guy refers to a person to whom blame is deliberately and falsely attributed in order to deflect blame from another party.

Third Party is someone not directly involved in a transaction. A third entity in the Seller (first party) and Customer (second party) relationship. A Seller may employ a third party to perform specific services to augment the value of a product. For example, a manufacturer may employ a third party to pack and distribute a product. A computer manufacturer may augment their product with software from a third-party supplier. Someone only incidentally or tangentially connected to an incident or dispute; someone other than the principals; a bystander or independent witness.

Cut-Out in espionage is a mutually trusted intermediary, method or channel of communication that facilitates the exchange of information between agents. Cutouts usually know only the source and destination of the information to be transmitted, not the identities of any other persons involved in the espionage process (need to know basis). Thus, a captured cutout cannot be used to identify members of an espionage cell.

Front Man is a person acting as the public face of an organization or representing a covert group. Often lacking actual authority. Accessory - Sell Out.


Perjury - Lying under Oath


Perjury is a criminal offense. It is the intentional act of swearing a false oath or of falsifying an affirmation to tell the truth, whether spoken or in writing, concerning matters material to an official proceeding. 18 U.S. Code § 1621 - Perjury generally.

Making False Statements is prohibited when a person knowingly and willfully makes a false or fraudulent statements, or conceals information in any matter within the jurisdiction of the federal government of the United States, even by mere denial. Prosecutors use this statute to prosecute cover-up crimes such as perjury, false declarations, and obstructing of justice and government fraud cases. Examples: Falsifies, conceals, or covers up by any trick, scheme, or device a material fact; Makes any materially false, fictitious, or fraudulent statement or representation; or makes or uses any false writing or document knowing the same to contain any materially false, fictitious, or fraudulent statement or entry. The Fine under this title is, imprisoned not more than 5 years. Lying Piece of Shit - Toxic Leaders.

Providing False Information to members of Congress is a federal crime, punishable by up to five years in prison.

Lying is not telling the truth, no matter what the reason or excuse you give. Blaming.

Filing a False Police Report is when you give inaccurate or even completely false information, which could lead to interfering with the criminal justice system or the obstructing of justice. You could be held liable for defamation, intentional infliction of emotional distress, or other damages directly resulting from your actions. Setup - Framed.

Propaganda (distractions and misinformation)

Corruption is a form of dishonest or unethical conduct by a person entrusted with a position of authority, often to acquire personal benefit. Corruption may include many activities including bribery and embezzlement, though it may also involve practices that are legal in many countries. Government, or 'political', corruption occurs when an office-holder or other governmental employee acts in an official capacity for personal gain. 

Ethics - Morality - Arrogance and the Callous Disregard for Public Health.

Maladministration is the actions of a government body which can be seen as causing an injustice. The definition of maladministration is wide and can include: Delay, incorrect action or failure to take any action, Failure to follow procedures or the law, Failure to provide information, Inadequate record-keeping, Failure to investigate, Failure to reply, Misleading or inaccurate statements, Inadequate liaison, Inadequate consultation, Broken promises.


Negligence - Neglecting Responsibilities - Lacking Concern


Criminal Negligence is when a defendant knowingly exposes another to the risk of injury, and has a wanton disregard for human life and allows otherwise avoidable dangers to happen. To victimize people.

Negligence is a failure to exercise reasonable care when you act by taking account of the potential harm you might foreseeably cause to other people. Negligence is failing to follow appropriate ethical rules of care expected to be exercised amongst specified circumstances. The area of tort law known as negligence involves harm caused by failing to act as a form of carelessness possibly with extenuating circumstances. The core concept of negligence is that people should exercise reasonable care in their actions, by taking account of the potential harm that they might foreseeably cause to other people or property. Someone who suffers loss caused by another's negligence may be able to sue for damages to compensate for their harm. Such loss may include physical injury, harm to property, psychiatric illness, or economic loss. The law on negligence may be assessed in general terms according to a five-part model which includes the assessment of duty, breach, actual cause, proximate cause, and damages. Accountable - Liabilities - Lawsuits.

Theft - Waste - Bad Food - Toxins - Consumer Protection - Child Abuse.

Gross Negligence is a reckless disregard of a legal duty and of the consequences to another party. The lack of conscientiousness in paying proper attention.

Neglect is the lack of attention and due care. The trait of neglecting responsibilities and lacking concern. Failure to act with the prudence that a reasonable person would exercise under the same circumstances.

Sabotage is a deliberate act of destruction or disruption in which equipment is damaged. Destroy property or hinder normal operations. Sabotage is a deliberate action aimed at weakening a polity, effort, or organization through subversion, obstructing, disruption, or destruction. One who engages in sabotage is a saboteur. Saboteurs typically try to conceal their identities because of the consequences of their actions and to avoid invoking legal and organizational requirements for addressing sabotage.

Undermine is to destroy property or hinder normal operations. Corruption.

Damages are an award, typically of money, to be paid to a person as compensation for loss or injury.

Damage is any harm or injury resulting from a violation of a legal right. The act of damaging something or someone. A change for the worse. Destroy is to damage beyond use or repair. To cause destruction.

Collateral Damage a term for deaths, injuries, or other damage inflicted on an unintended target.

Detritus is The remains of something that has been destroyed or broken up. Loose material or stone fragments that is worn away from rocks.

Destruction is the termination of something by causing so much damage to it that it cannot be repaired or no longer exists. An event or the result of an event that completely destroys something.

Externalization is when a person or corporation that externalizes its costs onto society and the environment is not taking full responsibility and ownership of these costs. An example might be the discharge of untreated toxic waste into a river where people wash and fish. Externalization.

Externality is the cost or burden that affects a third party who did not choose to incur that cost or burden. People are victimized without their consent and sometimes without knowing that they have been abused. Externalities can sometimes be positive instead of negative.

Transference - Blowback - Scapegoat - Sell Out

Negligent Homicide is a criminal charge brought against people who, through criminal negligence, allow others to die.

Wrongful Death Claim is a claim against a person who can be held liable for a death. The claim is brought in a civil action, usually by close relatives, as enumerated by statute.

Expendable is someone or something that is disposable or not necessary or important. May be deliberately sacrificed to achieve an objective. A person who contributes nothing to a project and who is thus not necessary to complete it is an example of someone who is expendable. Pharmaceutical companies factor in deaths vs. profits.

Sacrifice in a chess game is a move giving up a piece with the objective of gaining tactical or positional compensation in other forms. A sacrifice could also be a deliberate exchange of a chess piece of higher value for an opponent's piece of lower value.

Casualty is someone injured or killed in an accident. An accident that causes someone to die. someone injured, killed, captured or missing in a military engagement. A decrease of military personnel or equipment. Casualty is a person who is killed, wounded or incapacitated by some event. including death, injury or illness.

Non-Combatant is a person who is not taking a direct part in hostilities or war.

Caught in the Crossfire means to be trapped between two lines of enemy fire. Figuratively, the phrase refers to a situation in which one is caught between opposing people arguing about something, making it difficult to remain neutral. Crossfire is gunfire from two or more directions passing through the same area. Friendly Fire.

Willful Violation is defined as an act done voluntarily with either an intentional disregard of, or plain indifference to, the requirements of Acts, regulations, statutes or relevant workplace policies.

Endangerment is a type of crime involving conduct that is wrongful and reckless or wanton, and likely to produce death or grievous bodily harm to another person. Wanton Endangerment is extreme indifference to the value of human life. Abuse.

Reckless Endangerment is when a person commits the crime of reckless endangerment and the person recklessly engages in conduct which creates substantial jeopardy of severe corporeal trauma to another person.

Reckless Conduct is conduct that exhibits a culpable disregard of foreseeable consequences to others from the act or omission involved. The accused need not intentionally cause resulting harm. The ultimate question is whether, under all of the circumstances, the accused’s demeanor was of that heedless nature that made it actually or imminently dangerous to the rights or safety of others.

Public Endangerment is usually applied to crimes which place the public in some form of danger, although that danger can be more or less severe according to the crime. Propaganda - Perjury.

Grievous Bodily Harm refers to "wounding with intent" or "causing grievous bodily harm with intent.

Public Nuisance is the injury, loss or damage is suffered by the local community as a whole rather than by individual victims.

Punitive is something that inflicts punishment or intended as punishment.

Punitive Damages are damages assessed in order to punish the defendant for outrageous conduct and/or to reform or deter the defendant and others from engaging in conduct similar to that which formed the basis of the lawsuit. Although the purpose of punitive damages is not to compensate the plaintiff, the plaintiff will receive all or some of the punitive damages award.

"If your actions help contribute to thousands of people dying prematurely, then yes, you are a Murderer. Guilty by Accessory to a crime."

Add Insult to Injury means to act in a way that makes a bad or displeasing situation worse.

Unintended Consequences are outcomes of a purposeful action that are not intended or foreseen. The Road to Hell is Paved with Good Intentions.

Culpable is deserving blame or censure as being wrong or evil or injurious. Responsible.

Immolated is a horrible belief that someone innocent needs to be sacrificed by killing them. Victims.

Detrimental is causing harm or injury. Premeditated - Criminal Intent.

Manslaughter (non-negligent - not on purpose)

Beirut Blast: The explosion that stole a nation's hope | Four Corners (youtube)

Son of Sam Law is designed to keep criminals from profiting from the publicity of their crimes, often by selling their stories to publishers. Such laws often authorize the state to seize money earned from deals such as book/movie biographies and paid
interviews and use it to compensate the criminal's victims. The law can be extended beyond the criminals themselves to include friends, neighbors, and family members of the lawbreaker who seek to profit by telling publishers and filmmakers of their relation to the criminal. In other cases, a person may not financially benefit from the sale of a story or any other mementos pertaining to the crime. Son of Sam laws are distinct from asset forfeiture, the seizing of assets acquired directly as a result of criminal activity. Where asset forfeiture looks to remove the profitability of crimes by taking away money and assets gained as proceeds from the crime, Son of Sam laws are designed so that criminals are unable to take advantage of the notoriety of their crimes.

Disturbing the Peace (crimes) - Lawsuits

Malice Aforethought premeditation" or "predetermination" (with malice).

Weregild is the value placed on every being and piece of property.

Premeditated Murder is the crime of wrongfully and intentionally causing the death of another human being (also known as murder) after rationally considering the timing or method of doing so, in order to either increase the likelihood of success, or to evade detection or apprehension.

Democide is the murder of any person or people by their government, including genocide, politicide and mass murder". For example, government-sponsored killings for political reasons would be considered democide under Rummel's hypothesis. Democide can also include deaths arising from "intentionally or knowingly reckless and depraved disregard for life"; this brings into account many deaths arising through various neglects and abuses, such as forced mass starvation. Rummel explicitly excludes battle deaths in his definition. Capital punishment, actions taken against armed civilians during mob action or riot, and the deaths of noncombatants killed during attacks on military targets so long as the primary target is military, are not considered democide. Ecocide.

Offence Against the Person refers to a crime which is committed by direct physical harm or force being applied to another person.

Misconduct is wrongful, improper, or unlawful conduct motivated by premeditated or intentional purpose or by obstinate indifference to the consequences of one's acts.

Forensic Engineering has been defined as the investigation of failures - ranging from serviceability to catastrophic - which may lead to legal activity, including both civil and criminal. It therefore includes the investigation of materials, products, structures or components that fail or do not operate or function as intended, causing personal injury, damage to property or economic loss. The consequences of failure may give rise to action under either criminal or civil law including but not limited to health and safety legislation, the laws of contract and/or product liability and the laws of tort. The field also deals with retracing processes and procedures leading to accidents in operation of vehicles or machinery. Generally, the purpose of a forensic engineering investigation is to locate cause or causes of failure with a view to improve performance or life of a component, or to assist a court in determining the facts of an accident. It can also involve investigation of intellectual property claims, especially patents.

Precautionary Principle - Risk

Hazard is a situation that poses a level of threat to life, health, property, or environment. Hazards can be dormant or potential, with only a theoretical risk of harm; however, once a hazard becomes "active", it can create an emergency. A hazardous situation that has come to pass is called an incident. Hazard and possibility interact together to create Risk.

Duty of Care - Poor Maintenance - Competence

Res ipsa loquitur are elements of negligence, breach of duty, causation, and injury.

Dereliction is a tendency to be negligent and uncaring, willful negligence.

Dereliction of Duty is someone who has willfully refused to perform their duties or follow a given order, or has injured themselves on purpose in such a way that they cannot perform their duties or perform a certain action.


Corporate Welfare - Gaming the System


Corporate Welfare is when corporations believe that they deserve to receive an opportunity or reward, like corporate subsidies government money grants, tax breaks, tax loopholes, or other special favorable treatment on corporations or selected corporations. Executives take most of the profits for themselves while the workers have to struggle with minimum wage.

Gaming the System is bending the rules, abusing the system, cheating the system, milking the system, playing the system, or working the system. It can be defined as using the rules and procedures meant to protect a system in order, instead, to manipulate the system for a desired outcome.

Junket is a trip taken by an official at public expense.

Work Aversion is the state of avoiding or not wanting to work or be employed, or the extreme preference of leisure as opposed to work. It can be attributed to laziness, boredom or burnout; most underachievers suffer from some work aversion.

Refusal of Work is behavior which refuses to adapt to regular employment.

Goofing Off is engaging in recreation or an idle pastime while obligations of work or society are neglected.

Slacker is a person who habitually avoids work or lacks work ethic.

Sloth (sin) - Privileged - Procrastinator - I don't feel like it

Goldbricking is the practice of doing less work than one is able to, while maintaining the appearance of working. The term originates from the confidence trick of applying a gold coating to a brick of worthless metal—while the worker may appear industrious on the surface, in reality they are less valuable.

Counterproductive Work Behavior is employee behavior that goes against the legitimate interests of an organization. These behaviors can harm organizations or people in organizations including employees and clients, customers, or patients. It has been proposed that a person-by-environment interaction can be utilized to explain a variety of counterproductive behaviors. For instance, an employee who is high on trait anger (tendency to experience anger) is more likely to respond to a stressful incident at work (being treated rudely by a supervisor) with CWB. Several typologies of CWB exist. Using the term deviance (behavior that violates accepted norms). Production deviance, involving behaviors like leaving early, intentionally working slow, or taking long breaks; property deviance, involving sabotage of equipment, theft of property, and taking kickbacks; Political deviance, involving showing favoritism, gossiping, or blaming others; and, personal aggression, involving harassment, verbal abuse, and endangerment. A five dimension typology of CWB abuse against others; production deviance; sabotage; theft; and withdrawal. An 11 dimension typology of CWB theft of property; destruction of property; misuse of information; misuse of time and resources; unsafe behavior; poor attendance; poor quality of work; alcohol use; drug use; inappropriate verbal action; and inappropriate physical action.


Toxic Leadership - Trickle Down Ignorance


Toxic Leader is a person who has responsibility over a group of people or an organization, and who abuses people and the leaderfollower relationship by leaving the group or organization in a worse-off condition than when they first found them. "Where do these people come from? It can't just be the Republicans."

Abusive Power and Control is the way that an abusive person gains and maintains power and control over another person, as a victim, in order to subject that person to psychological, physical, sexual, or financial abuse. The motivations of the abuser are varied, such as personal gain, personal gratification, psychological projection, devaluation, envy or just for the sake of it as the abuser may simply enjoy exercising power and control.

Professional Abuse is a pattern of conduct in which a person abuses, violates, or takes advantage of a victim within the context of the abuser's profession. This typically involves a violation of the relevant professional organization's code of ethics. Organizational ethics or standards of behavior require the maintenance of professional boundaries and the treatment of people with respect and dignity. Professional abuse can involve workplace bullying or sexual harassment, or taking advantage of clients' or patients' trust, exploiting their vulnerability, not acting in their best interests, and failing to keep professional boundaries.

Abuse of Power in the form of "malfeasance in office" or "official misconduct", is the commission of an unlawful act, done in an official capacity, which affects the performance of official duties. Malfeasance in office is often a just cause for removal of an elected official by statute or recall election. Officials who utilize abuse of power are often those who exploit the ability to use corruption in their advantage.

Incitement is the encouragement of another person to commit a crime. Depending on the jurisdiction, some or all types of incitement may be illegal. False Flag.

Rumors - Entrapment - Extortion - Non-Disclosure Agreement

When you give a moron like McDonald Chump an important position of authority, this can make ignorance and abuse seem like it's acceptable behavior, which of course it's not. This also encourages people to be more ignorant and more abusive. This can also influence gullible people to believe that being a moron is normal behavior and excepted, all because some moron was given a position of authority. This gives people with ignorance a false sense of security and a false sense of value. Like believing that a high school diploma is a measurement of competence, or that it confirms that you're smart. Just because someone was given a position of authority, this doesn't mean that the person is qualified or competent. Toxic leaders don't earn their positions. They are sometimes given these jobs as favors or by coercion or by ignorant voters.

Inciting a Riot applies to a person who organizes, encourages, or participates in a riot. A person is guilty of inciting to riot when one urges ten or more persons to engage in tumultuous and violent conduct of a kind likely to create public alarm. Under federal law, a riot is a public disturbance involving an act of violence by one or more persons who are assembled in a group of at least three people. Any person who willfully incites or urges another to engage in a riot, and such inciting or urging is a contributing cause of a riot in which there is property damage in excess of fifteen hundred dollars ($1,500) or serious bodily injury, shall be punished as a Class F felon. Class F felonies are crimes punishable by a prison term of up to 12 years and 6 months and/or a fine up to $25,000. Freedom of Speech Abuses - Demagogue.

"The Extremely Important Role of the U.S. President has been Defiled and Americas Reputation has been Desecrated, and on top of that, our Symbol of Democracy has been Corrupted and Contaminated. 2020 will be a our last chance for survival." Trump Affect: Far-Right Terrorism has increased 320 Percent in just 4 years since 2016. Extremism Watchdog Warns.

Trump is like the six-year-old Anthony Fremont in the The Twilight Zone episode 73 called "It's a Good Life". Six-year-old Anthony Fremont has godlike mental powers, including mind-reading. He has isolated his town of Peaksville, Ohio, from the rest of the universe. He has blocked television signals and caused cars not to work. He creates horrible creatures, such as three-headed gophers, which he then kills. Everybody is under his rule, even his parents. The people live in fear of him, constantly telling him how everything he does is "good," since he banishes anyone thinking unhappy thoughts into the otherworldly cornfield from which there is no return. Never having experienced any form of discipline, Anthony does not even understand that his actions are wrong, and is confused when his father tells him that the neighbors are reluctant to let their children play with him after he sent several of his playmates to the cornfield.

Child's Mind in an Old Adult Body. I would not say that you have the mind of a child, because children are smarter than you. Even a child's mind has more common sense than you. Obviously your stupid behavior was ignored during your childhood, and your ignorance was never challenged, thus your ignorance became the norm for you, which is one of the dangers of being spoiled as a kid. You're an idiot and you don't even know it. Even when people tell you that you're wrong, you still don't believe it and keep denying it.

Defiled is to be morally dirty, blemished, stained or impure. Place under suspicion or cast doubt upon.

Desecrated is to be treated with contempt.

Contaminated is to be corrupted by contact or association. Rendered unwholesome by contaminants and pollution. Make impure in a bad way or make something harmful, especially by the addition of some unwanted substance.

We gave all the ignorant voters who voted for trump in 2016 the benefit of the doubt. But people who voted twice for trump should have their right to vote revoked. Just like when you have your drivers licensed revoked for reckless driving numerous times, you should have your right to vote revoked because of reckless voting. You are a threat and a danger to society. Ignorant trump supporters would say "give him a chance" or "he's doing the best that he can" which is what you say when you're talking about a 2 year old, you don't say that when you're talking about a grown man who is a lying criminal and an ignorant scumbag. We give convicts a second chance, but only if the stop committing crimes. if not educating themselves or reforming themselves or rehabilitating themselves, there are most likely keep committing more crimes and recidivate. If a person refuses to stop being an as*hole, citizens have a right to get ride of that as*hole.

TIL a Harvard study found that hiring one highly productive but toxic worker does more damage to a company’s bottom line than employing several less productive but more cooperative workers.

Competence (ability and intelligence) - Micromanagement - Negligence - Coercion - Secrecy.

Toxic Workplace is a workplace that is marked by significant drama and infighting, where personal battles often harm productivity and cause mistakes to happen more often. Toxic workplaces are often considered the result of Toxic Leaders and/or toxic employees who are motivated by personal gain, power, money, fame, ignorance or special status, and use unethical, mean-spirited and sometimes illegal means to manipulate and annoy those around them. And whose motives are to maintain or increase power, money or special status or divert attention away from their performance shortfalls and misdeeds. Toxic workers do not recognize a duty to the organization for which they work or their co-workers in terms of ethics or professional conduct toward others. Toxic workers define relationships with co-workers, not by organizational structure but by co-workers they favor and those they do not like or trust. "No one wants to work for an as*hole, except for other as*holes." This does not include people who are desperate for a job or have a high tolerance for as*holes. Everyone has worked for an as*hole at least once in their life. But not everyone has the ability to do so. Hierarchical Organization - Top Down Thinking.

Machiavellianism in the Workplace is the employment of cunning and duplicity in a business setting.

Hostile Work Environment exists when one's behavior within a workplace creates an environment that is difficult or uncomfortable for another person to work in, due to discrimination. Common complaints in sexual harassment lawsuits include fondling, suggestive remarks, sexually-suggestive photos displayed in the workplace, use of sexual language, or off-color jokes. Small matters, annoyances, and isolated incidents are usually not considered to be statutory violations of the discrimination laws. For a violation to impose liability, the conduct must create a work environment that would be intimidating, hostile, or offensive to a reasonable person. An employer can be held liable for failing to prevent these workplace conditions, unless it can prove that it attempted to prevent the harassment and that the employee failed to take advantage of existing harassment counter-measures or tools provided by the employer. A hostile work environment may also be created when management acts in a manner designed to make an employee quit in retaliation for some action. For example, if an employee reported safety violations at work, was injured, attempted to join a union, or reported regulatory violations by management, and management's response was to harass and pressure the employee to quit. Employers have tried to force employees to quit by imposing unwarranted discipline, reducing hours, cutting wages, or transferring the complaining employee to a distant work location.

Workplace Violence is violence that originates from employees or employers and threatens employers and/or other employees.

Workplace Harassment is offensive, belittling or threatening behavior directed at an individual worker or a group of workers.

Kiss Up Kick Down is a neologism used to describe the situation where middle level employees in an organization are polite and flattering to superiors but abusive to subordinates.

Why being nice to your coworkers is good for business: Christine Porath (video and text)
3 ways to be a better ally in the workplace: Melinda Epler (video and text)

Psychopathy in the Workplace. Although psychopaths typically represent a relatively small percentage of people, they can do an enormous amount of damage when they are in senior management roles. Psychopaths are usually most common at higher levels of corporate organizations and their actions often cause a ripple effect throughout an organization, setting the tone for an entire corporate culture. Common signs are Public humiliation of others, a high propensity of having temper tantrums or ridiculing work performance. Malicious spreading of lies intentionally or deceitful. Remorseless or devoid of guilt. Frequently lies to push his/her point. Rapidly shifts between emotions – used to manipulate people or cause high anxiety. Intentionally isolates persons from organizational resources. Quick to blame others for mistakes or for incomplete work even though he/she is guilty. Encourages co-workers to torment, alienate, harass and/or humiliate other peers. Takes credit for other people's accomplishments. Steals and/or sabotages other persons' works. Refuses to take responsibility for misjudgments and/or errors. Threatens any perceived enemy with job loss and/or discipline in order to taint employee file. Sets unrealistic and unachievable job expectations to set employees up for failure. Refuses or is reluctant to attend meetings with more than one person. Refuses to provide adequate training and/or instructions to singled out victim. Invades personal privacy of others. Has multiple sexual encounters with junior and/or senior employees. Develops new ideas without real follow through. Very self-centered and extremely egotistical (often conversation revolves around them – great deal of self-importance). Often "borrows" money and/or other material objects without any intentions of giving it back. Will do whatever it takes to close the deal (no regards for ethics or legality). Entry – psychopaths may use highly developed social skills and charm to obtain employment into an organization. At this stage it will be difficult to spot anything which is indicative of psychopathic behaviour, and as a new employee one might perceive the psychopath to be helpful and even benevolent. Assessment – psychopaths will weigh one up according to one's usefulness, and one could be recognized as either a pawn (who has some informal influence and will be easily manipulated) or a patron (who has formal power and will be used by the psychopath to protect against attacks). Manipulation – psychopath will create a scenario of “psychopathic fiction” where positive information about themselves and negative disinformation about others will be created, where one's role as a part of a network of pawns or patrons will be utilized and will be groomed into accepting the psychopath's agenda. Confrontation – the psychopath will use techniques of character assassination to maintain their agenda, and one will be either discarded as a pawn or used as a patron. Ascension – one's role as a patron in the psychopath's quest for power will be discarded, and the psychopath will take for himself/herself a position of power and prestige from anyone who once supported them. Bad consequences of workplace psychopathy (with additional cites in some cases): Workplace bullying of employees. employees lose their jobs. Legal liabilities. Shareholders lose their investments. Capitalism loses some of its credibility. Wasted employee time. Suboptimal employee performance. Increased workload. Difficult working conditions. Poor levels of job satisfaction. Lower perceived levels of corporate social responsibility. Raised staff turnover. Absenteeism. Heightened level of workplace conflict – arguments, yelling, rudeness, divide and conquer counterproductive work behavior. Screening: Conduct behavioural type interview. Verify information contained in the curriculum vitae. Conduct reference checks. Obtain work samples. Carry out criminal reference checks.

"It seems that being an as*hole is just a hobby for some people. They think that being a d*ck is their job and they believe that being a lying scumbag is just a game to be played as if it were a business model. These people can talk but they don't know how to communicate. So they end up manipulating people, including themselves, instead of communicating with people. So now you see how damaging ignorance can be. If you don't know any better you can't do any better. All you can do is pretend to know what you're doing. It's time to learn. You have ignored the school of life for too long now. Time to upload the Human Operators Manual. The school of life never closes." We have incompetent, corrupt and ignorant leadership. Time for extreme vetting.

Duplicity is a fraudulent or duplicitous representation. Acting in bad faith; deception by pretending to entertain one set of intentions while acting under the influence of another. Maintaining power. Harsh management tactics. Manipulative behaviors.

There are more parallels right now between Watergate and the Trump White House than ever before. People have gone to prison because they committed crimes for Donald trump, people have resigned or quit the Whitehouse because they refused to commit crimes and be a lying scumbag for Donald trump. And Donald trump has obstructed justice and also lied to the public on numerous occasions, just like Nixon did. So it seems that the vice president will pardon Donald for his crimes after he resigns. The Seventies is a documentary miniseries which premiered on CNN on June 11, 2015. Produced by Tom Hanks and Gary Goetzman' studio Playtone, and serving as a follow-up to The Sixties, the 8-part series chronicled events and popular culture of the United States during the 1970s. Season 1 EP2 is "The United States vs. Richard Nixon". This episode talks about Watergate and how disturbingly similar it is in so many ways to Donald Trump and his criminal activity. History should not be repeating itself. But because our education system is extremely inadequate and controlled, just like our media is, most people are ignorant of this reality and unaware of their own history. This means people will continue to be victimized over and over again. This is information blackout and censorship at its worst. It's like republicans are running out of material, and excuses. It's the same old ignorance and nothing is original. Like it's been taken out of an old play book. I have seen this mascaraed before, like an old TV show. I wasn't too sure the first time I saw it years ago, but now that I saw it again through educated eyes, I can definitely see the ignorance and the arrogance.

Flying Monkeys in psychology is a phrase used in popular psychology mainly in the context of narcissistic abuse. They are people who act on behalf of a narcissist to a third party, usually for an abusive purpose. The phrase has also been used to refer to people who act on behalf of a psychopath for a similar purpose. Flying monkeys are distinct from enablers. Enablers just allow or cover for the narcissist's (abuser's) own bad behavior.

Kick the Cat is a metaphor used to describe how a relatively high-ranking person in an organization or family displaces his or her frustrations by abusing a lower-ranking person, who may in turn take it out on his or her own subordinate.

Queen Bee Syndrome describes a woman in a position of authority who views or treats subordinates more critically if they are female. This phenomenon has been documented by several studies.

Bullying (abuse) - Harassment

Counterproductive Work Behavior is employee behavior that goes against the legitimate interests of an organization. These behaviors can harm organizations or people in organizations including employees and clients, customers, or patients. It has been proposed that a person-by-environment interaction can be utilized to explain a variety of counterproductive behaviors. For instance, an employee who is high on trait anger (tendency to experience anger) is more likely to respond to a stressful incident at work (e.g., being treated rudely by a supervisor) with CWB. Some researchers use the CWB term to subsume related constructs that are distinct. Workplace deviance is behavior at work that violates norms for appropriate behavior. Retaliation consists of harmful behaviors done by employees to get back at someone who has treated them unfairly. Workplace revenge are behaviors by employees intended to hurt another person who has done something harmful to them. Workplace aggression consists of harmful acts that harm others in organizations. Production deviance, involving behaviors like leaving early, intentionally working slowly, or taking long breaks; Property deviance, involving sabotage of equipment, theft of property, and taking kickbacks; Political deviance, involving showing favoritism, revenge, gossiping, or blaming others; Personal aggression, involving harassment, verbal abuse, and endangerment. A five dimension typology of CWB. Abuse against others. Production deviance. Sabotage. Theft. Withdrawal. An 11-dimension typology of CWB. Theft of property. Destruction of property. Misuse of information. Misuse of time and resources. Unsafe behavior. Poor attendance. Poor quality of work. Alcohol use. Drug use. Inappropriate verbal action. Inappropriate physical action.

Workplace Deviance is described as the deliberate or intentional desire to cause harm to an organization – more specifically, a workplace. The concept has become an instrumental component in the field of organizational communication. More accurately, it can be seen as "voluntary behavior that violates institutionalized norms and in doing so threatens the well-being of the organization".

Workplace Bullying is a persistent pattern of mistreatment from others in the workplace that causes either physical or emotional harm. It can include such tactics as verbal, nonverbal, psychological, physical abuse and humiliation. This type of workplace aggression is particularly difficult because, unlike the typical school bully, workplace bullies often operate within the established rules and policies of their organization and their society. In the majority of cases, bullying in the workplace is reported as having been done by someone who has authority over the victim. However, bullies can also be peers, and occasionally subordinates. Abusive workplace behaviors are: Disrespecting and devaluing the individual, often through disrespectful and devaluing language or verbal abuse. Overwork and devaluation of personal life (particularly salaried workers who are not compensated). Harassment through micromanagement of tasks and time. Over evaluation and manipulating information (for example concentration on negative characteristics and failures, setting up subordinate for failure). Managing by threat and intimidation. Stealing credit and taking unfair advantage. Preventing access to opportunities. Downgrading an employee's capabilities to justify downsizing. Impulsive destructive behaviour. According to Hoel and Cooper, common abusive workplace behaviors are: Ignoring opinions and views. Withholding information in order to affect the target's performance. Exposing the target to an unmanageable workload. giving tasks with unreasonable or impossible targets or deadlines. Ordering the target to do work below competence. Ignoring or presenting hostility when the target approaches. Humiliation or ridicule in connection with work. Excessive monitoring of a target's work. Spreading gossip. Insulting or making offensive remarks about the target's person (i.e. habits and background), attitudes, or private life. Removing or replacing key areas of responsibility with more trivial or unpleasant tasks. Abusive cyberbullying in the workplace can have serious socioeconomic and psychological consequences on the victim. Workplace cyberbullying can lead to sick leave due to depression which in turn can lead to loss of profits for the organization. Workplace bullying takes these forms: Serial bullying — the source of all dysfunction can be traced to one individual, who picks on one employee after another and destroys them, then moves on. Probably the most common type of bullying. Secondary bullying — the pressure of having to deal with a serial bully causes the general behaviour to decline and sink to the lowest level. Pair bullying — this takes place with two people, one active and verbal, the other often watching and listening. Gang bullying or group bullying — is a serial bully with colleagues. Gangs can occur anywhere, but flourish in corporate bullying climates. It is often called mobbing and usually involves scapegoating and victimisation. Vicarious bullying — two parties are encouraged to fight. This is the typical "triangulation" where the aggression gets passed around. Regulation bullying — where a serial bully forces their target to comply with rules, regulations, procedures or laws regardless of their appropriateness, applicability or necessity. Residual bullying — after the serial bully has left or been fired, the behaviour continues. It can go on for years. Legal bullying — the bringing of a vexatious legal action to control and punish a person. Pressure bullying or unwitting bullying — having to work to unrealistic time scales or inadequate resources. Corporate bullying — where an employer abuses an employee with impunity, knowing the law is weak and the job market is soft. Organizational bullying — a combination of pressure bullying and corporate bullying. Occurs when an organization struggles to adapt to changing markets, reduced income, cuts in budgets, imposed expectations and other extreme pressures. Institutional bullying — entrenched and is accepted as part of the culture. Client bullying — an employee is bullied by those they serve, for instance subway attendants or public servants. Cyberbullying — the use of information and communication technologies to support deliberate, repeated, and hostile behaviour by an individual or group, that is intended to harm others.

State Capture is a type of systemic political corruption in which private interests significantly influence a state's decision-making processes to their own advantage through unobvious channels, that may not be illegal. The influence may be through a range of state institutions, including the legislature, executive, ministries and the judiciary. It is thus similar to regulatory capture but differs through the wider variety of bodies through which it may be exercised and because, unlike regulatory capture, the influence is never overt.

Regulatory Capture is a form of government failure that occurs when a regulatory agency, created to act in the public interest, instead advances the commercial or political concerns of special interest groups that dominate the industry or sector it is charged with regulating. When regulatory capture occurs the interests of firms or political groups are prioritised over the interests of the public, leading to a net loss to society as a whole. Government agencies suffering regulatory capture are called "captured agencies".

Iron Triangle comprises the policy-making relationship among the congressional committees, the bureaucracy, and interest groups.

Rent-Seeking involves seeking to increase one's share of existing wealth without creating new wealth. Rent-seeking results in reduced economic efficiency through poor allocation of resources, reduced actual wealth creation, lost government revenue, increased income inequality, and (potentially) national decline. Attempts at capture of regulatory agencies to gain a coercive monopoly can result in advantages for the rent seeker in the market while imposing disadvantages on (incorrupt) competitors. Just another word for Theft.

When Power is Toxic: Dominance reduces influence in groups. A new study finds that groups led by subordinate males outperform those led by dominant and aggressive males.



Suing the Government or Corporation or Management Company for Negligence


Lawsuits against presidents Federal Tort Claims Act is a 1946 federal statute that permits private parties to sue the United States in a federal court for most torts committed by persons acting on behalf of the United States. Historically, citizens have not been able to sue their state—a doctrine referred to as sovereign immunity. The FTCA constitutes a limited waiver of sovereign immunity, permitting citizens to pursue some tort claims against the government. Harassment - Defamation.

Suing a Federal Agency

Youth Amended Complaint Against the U.S. (PDF)

Our Children's Trust - Washington state youth sue government over climate change. Securing the Legal Right to a Stable Climate and a Healthy Atmosphere for all present and future Generations.

Fatal Accidents Act 1846 allowed relatives of people killed by the wrongdoing of others to recover damages.

Intentional infliction of emotional distress allows individuals to recover for severe emotional distress caused by another individual who intentionally or recklessly inflicted the emotional distress by behaving in a way that was "extreme and outrageous".

Negligence (failure to act reasonable and responsible) - Waste Law

Probable Cause refers to the standard by which a grand jury believes that a crime has been committed.

Negligent infliction of emotional distress one has a legal duty to use reasonable care to avoid causing emotional distress to another individual. If one fails in this duty and unreasonably causes emotional distress to another person, that actor will be liable for monetary damages to the injured individual.

Sue - Lawsuits - Reparations - Restitution

Indemnity is an obligation by a person (indemnitor) to provide compensation for a particular loss suffered by another person (indemnitee). Indemnities form the basis of many insurance contracts; for example, a car owner may purchase different kinds of insurance as an indemnity for various kinds of loss arising from operation of the car, such as damage to the car itself, or medical expenses following an accident. In an agency context, a principal may be obligated to indemnify their agent for liabilities incurred while carrying out responsibilities under the relationship. While the events giving rise to an indemnity may be specified by contract, the actions that must be taken to compensate the injured party are largely unpredictable, and the maximum compensation is often expressly limited.



Theft - Stealing


Theif is a Thief Theft is the taking of another person's property without that person's permission or consent with the intent to deprive the rightful owner of it. 

Steal is to take something without the owner's consent. Move stealthily.

Government Waste is more than not spending money in an acceptable manner, it's theft, greed, negligence, fraud, corruption and a violation of waste law. The Means, Motive and Opportunity are present.

Larceny is a crime involving the unlawful taking of the personal property of another person or business. Burglary, robbery, fraud, theft, Grand larceny - In the US, it is often defined as an amount valued at $400 or more.

Robbery is the crime of taking or attempting to take anything of value by force, threat of force or by putting the victim in fear. At common law, robbery is defined as taking the property of another, with the intent to permanently deprive the person of that property, by means of force or fear.

Burglary is an unlawful entry into a building or other location for the purposes of committing an offence. Usually that offence is theft, but most jurisdictions include others within the ambit of burglary.

Grand Theft can be treated as a felony, while petty theft is generally treated as a misdemeanor. Distinction between grand theft and petty theft do so on the basis of the value of the money or property taken by the thief or lost by the victim.

Skimming is slang for taking cash off the top of the daily receipts of a business, or from any cash transaction involving a third interested party, and officially reporting a lower total. The formal legal term is defalcation. Skimming may additionally be the direct theft of the cash, which is mostly a white-collar crime.

Theft by Deception is the use of deception to obtain control over someone's property, money, mind or services of another.

Embezzlement is theft or the misappropriation of funds or property entrusted to your care but actually owned by someone else.

Misappropriation is an unauthorized and intentional illegal use of property or funds. An unauthorized use of another's name, likeness, or identity without that person's permission, resulting in harm to that person. Misappropriation of funds is the intentional, illegal use of company funds for one's own personal use or for some other unauthorized purpose.

Defalcation is misappropriation of funds by a person who is trusted with its responsibility.

Ponzi - Pyramid Scheme - Shills - Cooking the Books - Negligence

Misallocation is the act of distributing by allotting or apportioning; distribution according to a plan. A share set aside for a specific purpose. Misallocation of Funds (city data).

Bribery is the act of giving money, goods or other forms of recompense to a recipient in exchange for an alteration of their behavior, to the benefit or interest of the giver, that the recipient would otherwise not alter. Bribery is defined by Black's Law Dictionary as the offering, giving, receiving, or soliciting of any item of value to influence the actions of an official or other person in charge of a public or legal duty.

Lobbyists - Blackmail - Extortion - Coercion - Non-Disclosure Agreement

Hush Money is a slang term for a form of bribery, in which one person or party offers another an attractive sum of money or other enticement, in exchange for remaining silent about some illegal, stigmatic, or shameful behavior, action, or other fact about the person or party who has made the offer. People are paid to look the other way. Ignoring something is being an accessory to a crime.

Emolument is compensation received by virtue of holding an office or having employment, usually in the form of wages or fees. A clause in the U.S. Constitution prevents sitting legislators from receiving emoluments from their own votes. Conflict of Interest.

Nepotism - Favoritism is giving undeserved jobs or favors to relatives or close friends by those in power. An inclination to favor some person or group, which is the same as discrimination, Unfair treatment of a person or group on the basis of prejudice.

Kickback is a form of negotiated bribery in which an unauthorized, unverified and an untaxed amount of money is paid to a bribe-taker in exchange for services rendered, usually done without notifying the people involved in the contract so that people will have no knowledge of the transaction that took place, or if bid rigging was involved. The purpose of the kickback is usually to encourage the other party to cooperate in the illegal scheme, or to profit from other peoples work because they are in a position of authority. The kickback varies from other kinds of bribes in that there is implied collusion between agents of the two parties, rather than one party extorting the bribe from the other.

Money Laundering the concealment of the origins of illegally obtained money, typically by means of transfers involving foreign banks or legitimate businesses. The illegal process of concealing the origins of money obtained illegally by passing it through a complex sequence of banking transfers or commercial transactions. The overall scheme of this process returns the money to the launderer in an obscure and indirect way. The process of transforming the proceeds of crime and corruption into ostensibly legitimate assets.


Fraud


Heads up Their Ass Fraud is deliberate deception to secure unfair or unlawful gain, or to deprive a victim of a legal right. Fraud itself can be a civil wrong. Fraud offenses always include some sort of false statement, misrepresentation, or deceitful conduct. Laws against fraud vary from state to state, and can be criminal or civil in nature. Criminal fraud requires criminal intent on the part of the perpetrator, and is punishable by fines or imprisonment. Civil fraud, on the other hand, applies more broadly to circumstances where bad-faith is usually involved, and where the penalties are meant to punish the perpetrator and put the victim back in the same position before the fraud took place. While the exact wording of fraud charges varies among state and federal laws. the essential elements needed to prove a fraud claim in general include: (1) a misrepresentation of a material fact; (2) by a person or entity who knows or believes it to be false; (3) to a person or entity who justifiably relies on the misrepresentation; and (4) actual injury or loss resulting from his or her reliance. Most states require that each element be proven with "particularity" -- meaning that each and every element must be separately proven for a fraud charge to stand. Bankruptcy fraud. Tax fraud (a.k.a. tax evasion). Identity Theft. Insurance Fraud. Mail Fraud. Credit/debit card Fraud. Securities Fraud. Telemarketing Fraud. Wire Fraud.

Defraud
is to deprive someone of possessions or services by deceit or lies.

Deceit
is being fraudulent and misleading to someone in order to commit a crime or do something bad. Lie - Perjury (lying).

Bogus is something fraudulent and having a misleading appearance. Phony.

Fraud is a Federal Crime, which includes mail and wire fraud, which is any fraudulent scheme to intentionally deprive another of property or honest services via mail or wire communication.

Federal Crime in the United States is an act that is made illegal by U.S. federal legislation. Prosecution happens at both the federal and the state levels (based on the Dual sovereignty doctrine); thus a "federal crime" is one that is prosecuted under federal criminal law, and not under state criminal law under which most of the crimes committed in the United States are prosecuted.

Consumer Fraud - Crimes of Greed - False Advertising - Negligence

Bank Fraud is the use of potentially illegal means to obtain money, assets, or other property owned or held by a financial institution, or to obtain money from depositors by fraudulently posing as a bank or other financial institution.


Hypocrites - Contradictions - Conflict of Interest


Hypocrisy is a false appearance of virtue or goodness, while concealing a persons true character or inclinations. Hypocrisy is pretending to have qualities or beliefs that you do not really have. It's the practice of engaging in the same behavior or activity for which one criticizes another. In moral psychology, it is the failure to follow one’s own expressed moral rules and principles.

Deceiving - Lying - Back Stabbing - Scamming - Bigotry - Not Accountable - Competence - Negligence

Hypocrite is a person who professes beliefs and opinions that he or she does not hold in order to conceal his or her true feelings or motives. Hypocrite is a person who lies and does things in order to manipulate you or to fool you into believing that they are on your side, so a person is fooled into believing that someone agrees with them. But in reality, they are just pretending to agree with you and they are lying to you in order to hide or conceal their true motives. This way they can take advantage of your ignorance or take advantage of your trust. Campaign Promises - Ponzi Scams.

Sanctimony is the quality of being hypocritically devout.

Phony is someone or something that is fraudulent and having a misleading appearance. Two Faced - Republican.

Au contraire is on the contrary, which is used in response to some bs that someone said.

Contrary is the opposite of what was said earlier or the opposite in meaning that was expected or assumed. Two or more statements or beliefs that are opposed to one another. An opposing direction using words or propositions so related that both cannot be true or that both may be false. Tending to do the opposite of what is normal or wanted. Unreasonable and not showing good judgment. A relation of direct opposition or going in an opposing direction.

Contradiction is when say something do something that you claim is true and then after that say something or do something else that is different and the opposite of what did before, which makes it similar to lying. You pretend to know something, but then you don't do what you say. Your two or more propositions are illogical and incompatible because when they are taken together, they yield two different conclusions, usually opposite inversions of each other. Cognitive Distortions

Irony is saying one thing but implying the opposite. The difference between what might be expected and what actually occurs. Karma.

Selling Out is an expression that describes a person who compromises their integrity and principles in exchange for personal gain, such as money. Sell Out may refer to those who license their music to companies for use in advertising that contradicts their apparent values. In political movements a sellout is a person or group claiming to adhere to one ideology, only to contradict them by doing the opposite. Sellout also refers to someone who gives up, or disregards someone or something for some other thing or person. Betrayal.

Bluff is is to frighten someone by pretending to be stronger than one really is. A pretense that your position is stronger than it really is. To fake something or pretend to be something that you are not. The act of bluffing in poker is the deception by a false show of confidence in the strength of your cards. To deceive an opponent in a card game by a bold bet on an inferior hand with the result that the opponent withdraws a winning hand. Double Bluff is an action which is intended to be perceived as a bluff, but which is not. Persuasion.

Double Standard is the application of different sets of principles for similar situations. Denial.

Duplicity is a fraudulent or duplicitous representation. Acting in bad faith; deception by pretending to entertain one set of intentions while acting under the influence of another. Deceitfulness; double-dealing.

Having it Both Ways is to benefit from two incompatible ways of thinking or behaving. Relationships are not a one-way street.

Conflict is to go against, as of rules and laws. Be in disagreement. Opposition between two simultaneous but incompatible feelings. Defense Mechanisms.

Conflict of Interest is when decisions are made that can be manipulated by other business relationships instead of having decisions based on facts and fairness. When a person or organization has their decisions corrupted because they have multiple business relationships.

Subversion refers to a process by which the values and principles of a system in place are contradicted or reversed, in an attempt to transform the established social order and its structures of power, authority, hierarchy, and social norms. Subversion can be described as an attack on the public morale and, "the will to resist intervention are the products of combined political and social or class loyalties which are usually attached to national symbols.

Psychological Conflict refers to a situation in which a person is motivated to engage in two or more mutually exclusive or incompatible activities. It occurs when the overt, verbal, symbolic, or emotional responses required to fulfill one motive are incompatible or not suitable with those required to fulfill another.

Counterintuitive is contrary to what common sense would suggest. Incompetence.

Incongruous is something lacking in harmony or lacking compatibility or appropriateness.

You Can't Have your Cake and Eat it Too is a figure of speech that means that you cannot simultaneously retain your cake and eat your cake, because once you've eaten your cake, you don't have your cake any more, your cake is gone because you have eaten the cake.

Negate is to be in contradiction with progress and to deny the truth by being false and making things ineffective by doing defective things.

Oxymoron is a figure of speech that joins two words together that are complete opposites of each other and thus contradict each other, like the phrase "Military Intelligence". Meanings.

Paradox is a statement that, despite apparently sound reasoning from true premises, leads to a self-contradictory or a logically unacceptable conclusion. Some "Logical Paradoxes" are known to be invalid arguments.

Pandora's Box - Filibuster

Doubt characterizes a status in which the mind remains suspended between two contradictory propositions and unable to assent to either of them. Doubt on an emotional level is indecision between belief and disbelief. Doubt involves uncertainty, distrust or lack of sureness of an alleged fact, an action, a motive, or a decision. Doubt questions a notion of a perceived "reality", and may involve delaying or rejecting relevant action out of concerns for mistakes or faults or appropriateness. (compare paradox). Denying.

Catch-22 is a contradictory or self-defeating course of action. A situation in which a desired outcome or solution is impossible to attain because of a set of inherently illogical rules or conditions. A situation in which an action has consequences which make it impossible to pursue that action. A paradoxical situation from which an individual cannot escape because of contradictory rules Catch-22s often result from rules, regulations, or procedures that an individual is subject to but has no control over because to fight the rule is to accept it. Another example is a situation in which someone is in need of something that can only be had by not being in need of it. Vicious Circle where a complex chain of events reinforce themselves through a feedback loop with detrimental results. Nash Equilibrium is when no player has anything to gain no matter what they do. You're not between a rock and a hard place, you're between pretending to know and actually knowing.

Dual Process Theory provides an account of how thought can arise in two different ways, or as a result of two different processes. Often, the two processes consist of an implicit (automatic), unconscious process and an explicit (controlled), conscious process. Verbalized explicit processes or attitudes and actions may change with persuasion or education; though implicit process or attitudes usually take a long amount of time to change with the forming of new habits. Dual process theories can be found in social, personality, cognitive, and clinical psychology. It has also been linked with economics via prospect theory and behavioral economics, and increasingly in sociology through cultural analysis.

Doublethink is the act of simultaneously accepting two mutually contradictory beliefs as correct, often in distinct social contexts. Cognitive Dissonance.

Double Bind is an emotionally distressing dilemma in communication in which an individual (or group) receives two or more conflicting messages, and one message negates the other. This creates a situation in which a successful response to one message results in a failed response to the other (and vice versa), so that the person will automatically be wrong regardless of response. The double bind occurs when the person cannot confront the inherent dilemma, and therefore can neither resolve it nor opt out of the situation.

State-Corporate Crime refers to crimes that result from the relationship between the policies of the state and the policies and practices of commercial corporations.

Front Groups - Propaganda - Accessory - Shills - Scapegoating -

Favoritism - Nepotism - Cronyism - Corporate Cronyism - Competition - Bid Rigging - Monopoly - Lobbying

Privilege is a special advantage or immunity or benefit not enjoyed by all.

Deception is the act of propagating beliefs in things that are not true, or not the whole truth (as in half-truths or omission). Deception can involve dissimulation, propaganda, and sleight of hand, as well as distraction, camouflage, or concealment. There is also self-deception, as in bad faith.

Blind Trust is a trust in which the fiduciaries, namely the trustees or those who have been given power of attorney, have full discretion over the assets, and the trust beneficiaries have no knowledge of the holdings of the trust and no right to intervene in their handling. Blind trusts are generally used when a settlor (sometimes called a trustor or donor) wishes to keep the beneficiary unaware of the specific assets in the trust, such as to avoid conflict of interest between the beneficiary and the investments. Politicians or others in sensitive positions often place their personal assets (including investment income) into blind trusts, to avoid public scrutiny and accusations of conflicts of interest when they direct government funds to the private sector.

Secrecy - Corruption - Coercion

Distrust is a formal way of not trusting any one party too much in a situation of grave risk or deep doubt. It is commonly expressed in civics as a division or balance of powers, or in politics as means of validating treaty terms. Systems based on distrust simply divide the responsibility so that checks and balances can operate. The phrase "Trust, but verify" refers specifically to distrust.

If a TV Pitchman can be jailed for 10 years for misleading customers, then politicians should at least get 50 years for misleading citizens. False Advertising.

You would be a fool to believe that people in charge are always going to do what is right and what is good. The only way to make sure that people in charge do the right thing is to make them do the right thing, or, just do right thing ourselves.

When you start off with something that is unsustainable you will always end up with a collapse.

Filibuster is where a debate over a proposed piece of legislation is extended, allowing one or more members to delay or entirely prevent a vote on the proposal. It is sometimes referred to as "talking out a bill" or "talking a bill to death" and characterized as a form of obstruction in a legislature or other decision-making body. Polarization in Politics.

Limits to Growth (except when learning, what you can learn has no limit)

Improving communication for awareness of what Community Decisions are being made, and why?

Conflict of Laws concerns the process for determining the applicable law to resolve disputes between individuals, corporations (and in some systems the state in certain contractual relationships) in multi-jurisdictional cases and transactions. Conflict of laws especially affects private international law, but may also affect cases where a contract makes incompatible reference to more than one legal framework. Religion.

Excuses are not Reasons.

Clerical Error is an error on the part of an office worker, often a secretary or personal assistant. It is a phrase which can also be used as an excuse to deflect blame away from specific individuals, such as high powered executives, and instead redirect it to the more anonymous clerical staff.


Campaigns - Public Financing vs. Corporate Financing


Campaign is a series of actions advancing a principle or tending toward a particular end. Campaigning is to exert oneself continuously, vigorously, or obtrusively to gain an end or to engage in a crusade for a certain cause or person. To be an advocate for several related operations aimed at achieving a particular goal, usually within geographical and temporal constraints. Stand or compete for an office or a position. A race between candidates for elective office.

Why do politicians call Bribes Contributions? When do Campaign Contributions become Bribes? - Dark Money.

Campaign Finance refers to all funds raised to promote candidates, political parties, or policy initiatives and referenda.

Opening a Bank Account For Your Political Campaign. Start a Political Campaign Bank Account: Checking or Savings?

Political committees must establish a Bank Account. This is required for many reasons, including helping keep committee funds separate from personal funds. You’ll use this account to deposit receipts and make disbursements. The account must be at one of the following: National bank, State bank, FDIC- or NCUA-insured institution. Political Software.

Campaign Finance in the US (wiki) - Audits

Research on Elections and Campaigns

Public Finance is the study of the role of the government in the economy. It is the branch of economics which assesses the government revenue and government expenditure of the public authorities and the adjustment of one or the other to achieve desirable effects and avoid undesirable ones.

What is Public Financing? - Public Funding of Presidential Elections

Bundling - Democratic Underground - Anti Corruption Act

Buckley v. Valeo 1976 a majority of judges held limits on election spending in the Federal Election Campaign Act of 1971 §608 were unconstitutional.

Why are Campaign Commercials similar to Radicalization Techniques?

Attack Adds - Hate Speech

Politicians spend way to much time fundraising and not enough time doing the job that they were paid to do. Imagine calling your boss (the tax payer) and saying "I'm not coming to work today because I'm going fundraising." And your boss says "but you're paid to work here, you're not paid to go looking for money from people who want to keep you from doing your job or keep you from doing what is right". Besides, that money will not make you do your job better, and worse, because you're not at work, the job that you're paid to do does not get done, so every citizen is victimized and marginalized.  You're an ignorant criminal.

Improving communication for awareness of Community Problems.

What's the difference between a Tort and a Crime?

Corporate Welfare is when government's give money grants, tax breaks, or other special favorable treatment for corporations. It highlights how wealthy corporations are less in need of such treatment than the poor.

Why don't Politicians know Math?

Lobbyists (bribery)

What happens to Campaign Donations after they drop out? The Federal Election Commission has put into place rules that control how money is spent after a candidate bows out or the election process ends a candidate is not allowed to use the remaining funds for personal uses which are defined as “a commitment, obligation or expense of any person that would exist irrespective of the candidate’s campaign or responsibilities as a federal officeholder. A donation of a maximum of $2000 to another presidential candidate. Unlimited transfers to a local, state or national political party committee. Donations to charities, as long as the candidate doesn’t receive compensation from the organizations and the donation is not used by the charity to benefit the candidate. Donations to state and local candidates or transfer to a future election campaign committee of the same candidate (Bernie Sanders transferred $1.5 million collected from his Senate campaign committee to his presidential committee). If you donated more than $2,700 to a presidential candidate who dropped out of the race before the general election, you can anticipate a refund. According to the FEC rules, official candidate committees must return any money contributed towards the general election if they do not win the primaries. Since an individual can contribute a maximum of $2,700 for each election, primary and general, any more than $2,700 would have been allocated to the general.

Power - Money - Poverty - Economics - City Management

First Amendment - Laws

Our Political Leaders can be incredibly ignorant and incompetent sometimes, especially when using vague words like the economy when trying to explain the current state of facts. Money over people is their motto, but they will lie to your face and and use other vague words like development. Ignorant and corrupt people will never be able to make improvements. And when they say that they're going to create "A Task Force, or a Commission", that's just another way of saying that more time, people, resources and money will be wasted, as always. Hard working citizens and caring people have always been the driving force behind improvements, and not just small businesses. And when you destroy your small businesses by bringing in large Corporations, you ignorantly dig your own grave. But you will never see leaders reach out to people for help, mostly because they would have to admit their incompetence, and admit the corruption and the ignorance is real, which would cause them to lose votes, votes they need to continue receiving their over paid salaries, all for their inadequate service to the community. Waste Law.

Every citizen needs to be fully aware and informed about the true state of their city. This way people will be able to make the right choices and make good decisions that would ultimately lead to improvements for everyone in the community. If everyone understands the responsibilities, and if everyone shares in the responsibilities, then everyone will have control over their own destinies and their own personal freedoms. Then everyone can finally live in Peace and Harmony.


Attack Adds - Smear Campaigns


Political Campaigns are an organized effort which seeks to influence the decision making process within a specific group.

Negative Campaigning are attack ads focus exclusively on the negative aspects of the opponent. There is no positive content in an attack ad, whether it is about the candidate or the opponent. Attack ads usually identify possible risks associated with the opponent, often exploiting people’s fears to manipulate and lower the impression voters have of the opponent. Because attack ads have no positive content, they have the potential to be more influential than contrast ads in shaping voters’ views of the sponsoring candidate’s opponent.

Slander - Hate Speech - Threats (intimidation) - Rumors - Gossip - Comments

Attack Ad is an advertisement whose message is designed to wage a personal attack against an opposing candidate or political party in order to gain support for the attacking candidate and attract voters. Attack ads often form part of negative campaigning or smear campaigns, and in large or well-financed campaigns, may be disseminated via mass media.

Smear Campaign is an effort to damage or call into question someone's reputation, by propounding negative propaganda. It can be applied to individuals or groups. Common targets are public officials, politicians, political candidates, activists and ex-spouses. The term also applies in other contexts such as the workplace. (also referred to as a smear tactic or simply a smear).

Doxing is the Internet-based practice of researching and broadcasting private or identifiable information (especially personally identifiable information) about an individual or organization. The methods employed to acquire this information include searching publicly available databases and social media websites (like Facebook), hacking, and social engineering. It is closely related to Internet vigilantism and hacktivism. Doxing may be carried out for various reasons, including to aid law enforcement, business analysis, risk analytics, extortion, coercion, inflict harm, harassment, online shaming, and vigilante justice.

Dox is to search for and publish private or identifying information about a particular individual on the Internet, typically with malicious intent. Profiling.

Cheap Shot is a critical statement that takes unfair advantage of a known weakness of the target. An act of deliberate roughness against a defenseless opponent. Abuse.

Swiftboating an unfair or untrue political attack.

Internet Vigilantism is the act of using the internet to carrying out vigilante activities or perceived justice without legal authority. Activism - Journalism.

Opposition Research is the practice of collecting information on a political opponent or other adversary that can be used to discredit or otherwise weaken them. The information can include biographical, legal, criminal, medical, educational, or financial history or activities, as well as prior media coverage, or the voting record of a politician. Opposition research can also entail using "trackers" to follow an individual and record their activities or political speeches.

Canvassing is the systematic initiation of direct contact with individuals, commonly used during political campaigns. Canvassing can be done for many reasons: political campaigning, grassroots fundraising, community awareness, membership drives, and more. Campaigners knock on doors to contact people personally. Canvassing is used by political parties and issue groups to identify supporters, persuade the undecided, and add voters to the voters list through voter registration, and it is central to get out the vote operations. It is the core element of what political campaigns call the ground game or field. Organized political canvassing became a central tool of contested election campaigns in Britain, and has remained a core practice performed by thousands of volunteers at each election there, and in many countries with similar political systems. It is less common in Continental Europe and East Asian democracies. Canvassing can also refer to a neighborhood canvass performed by law enforcement in the course of an investigation. This is a systematic approach to interviewing residents, merchants, and others who are in the immediate vicinity of a crime and may have useful information.

Data Re-Identification is the practice of matching anonymous data (also known as de-identified data) with publicly available information, or auxiliary data, in order to discover the individual to which the data belongs to. Source.

De-Anonymization is a strategy in data mining in which anonymous data is cross-referenced with other sources of data to re-identify the anonymous data source.

October Surprise is a news event deliberately created or timed or sometimes occurring spontaneously to influence the outcome of an election, particularly one for the U.S. presidency.

Political Campaigns are mostly used by the propaganda machine. Political Campaigning is not about educating people or informing people, or is it about addressing important issues, it's about distracting the public from the actual truth and facts. The main goal of political campaigns is to keep people ignorant, and the scumbags in the media are accessories to this crime. Political Campaigns today are mostly a ugly disrespectful reality TV show that mocks the ignorance of every citizen who votes. The whole political process needs to be revamped and improved because it's a disgrace to all living things on this planet. We need more qualified people to choose from, and the news papers must deliver the facts about each candidate to all citizens, instead of wasting paper, resources and time delivering bullshit that does nothing to inform people about the facts.

People say words, but people don't stand by the words they say or live by the words they say, and sometimes they don't even fully understand the meanings of the words they say. So in a sense their words become propaganda. More Lies and more Broken Promises.

The Best Man is a 1960 play by American playwright Gore Vidal. Plot: At the Presidential primaries in the summer of 1960 in Philadelphia, Secretary of State William Russell lives by his principles, but is haunted by recent health problems that threaten his career and vote-winning potential. Senator Joe Cantwell presents himself as the people's candidate; his determination to win at all costs is also his great flaw. Cantwell is faced with the revelation of sexual indiscretions, threatening both his marriage and his career. These two frontrunners for their party's presidential nomination fight for the support of the outgoing president and resort to mudslinging in a very public contest.

Call Time or Strategic Outreach is a lie and a distortion of the English language. Politicians spend more time pandering for votes to keep their job then doing the actual job they are paid to do. Any employee on the planet would be fired on the spot for this type of ignorant behavior, but these scumbags get away with it everyday. This needs to stop.



Voting - Preference


You need to understand that you vote everyday, and that everyone votes every single day. Everything that you do in life is either a vote for something or a vote against something. So you don't just vote during elections, you vote every single day. And if we all make good choices together and good decisions together, then we will continually have improvements. To pretend that voting in elections fulfills your responsibility to your state, or to your community or to your country, is a lie. You vote around 100 times every single day on average. So you need to know the full consequences of all your actions and all of your decisions that you make everyday. Who are you hurting? Who are you benefiting? Which criminal organizations are you supporting? All these actions add up. All Americans should be independent and stop pretending that we as a nation are divided, which is lie that we tell ourselves so that we have someone to blame for our own ignorance.

Electoral College - Like Button - What is a Vote - Right to Vote - Majority

Election Interference - Gerry Mandering - Attack Adds - Limited Choices

Compulsory Voting is the requirement in some countries that eligible citizens register to vote and vote in elections. 21 countries, including 10 Latin American countries, officially had compulsory voting. Compulsory Education.

Mandatory Voting - We as a society are asking each citizen to take one day each year to educate themself about their government and choose an elected official who they think is qualified enough to represent the needs of their community. Your vote is your voice and everyone has something to say. Your vote is just the first word of a sentence. In order to finish your sentence and expand on what you would like to say, you need to learn more ways to vote or learn more ways to voice your opinion. Mandatory is more of a responsibility then it is a requirement. We are not forcing you to vote, we are just asking you to please care about the community where you live. The more people who care and understand the world in which they live, the better our world will be. Your vote is saying that you care and that you want to be heard. Mandatory Education.

Making Election Day a National Holiday.

Know what’s on your Ballot before you get to the Polls and Learn who the Candidates are who are Running for Office in your Community and know where they stand on the issues. Do your research and verify the competence of each Individual. Voting is a serious responsibility, just like freedom and human rights are.

Voting Information Project helps voters find information about your elections with collaborative, open-source tools.

Aye is a yes reply or affirmative answer, or assent or agreement with a statement, especially in voting. When they say "the ayes have it", it means that yes votes are in the majority and have more than half of the votes needed. Yea indicates a yes vote. Yay is an affirmative exclamation, and is also used concurrently with a hand gesture to indicate size.

Nay vote is a no vote that says you are against something or do not agree with something.

Abstain is to formally decline to vote either for or against a proposal or motion. Abstain also means to restrain oneself from doing or enjoying something.

Recorded Vote is a vote in which the votes are for something or against something, of each member of the assembly are recorded and often later published.

Voice Vote is a voting method in deliberative assemblies such as legislatures in which a group vote is taken on a topic or motion by responding orally.

Division Vote is taken when the result of a voice vote is challenged or when a two-thirds vote is required. A division is also called a rising vote, where members stand up from their seats.

If someone offered you a choice between two rotten apples, you would most likely choose the apple that was not as rotten as the other apple. But you can only chose wisely when you are knowledgeable enough to accurately identify the risks and the dangers that are associated with certain characteristics. We need to change the system so that people are offered two apples that are not rotten. Because having more than two healthy and functioning choices to choose from is a million times better than just having only two unhealthy and dangerous choices to choose from. Voters must be more knowledgeable and informed, not just to choose wisely, but to have better choices. Catch 22 False Dilemma - Toxic Leadership.

When ignorant criminals control your choices of who you can vote for, and when criminals control the the people that you vote for, then that is fascism under the guise of democracyMonopolies.

Arrow's Impossibility Theorem states that when voters have three or more distinct alternatives or options, no ranked voting electoral system can convert the ranked preferences of individuals into a community-wide (complete and transitive) ranking while also meeting a specified set of criteria: unrestricted domain, non-dictatorship, Pareto efficiency, and independence of irrelevant alternatives. The theorem is often cited in discussions of voting theory as it is further interpreted by the Gibbard–Satterthwaite theorem. In short, the theorem states that no rank-order electoral system can be designed that always satisfies these three "fairness" criteria: If every voter prefers alternative X over alternative Y, then the group prefers X over Y. If every voter's preference between X and Y remains unchanged, then the group's preference between X and Y will also remain unchanged (even if voters' preferences between other pairs like X and Z, Y and Z, or Z and W change). There is no "dictator": no single voter possesses the power to always determine the group's preference. Cardinal voting electoral systems are not covered by the theorem, as they convey more information than rank orders.

Social Choice Theory is a theoretical framework for analysis of combining individual opinions, preferences, interests, or welfares to reach a collective decision or social welfare in some sense. A non-theoretical example of a collective decision is enacting a law or set of laws under a constitution.

Rational Choice Theory basic premise is that the whole of social behavior results from the behavior of individual actors, each of whom is making their individual decisions based on what they think they know. The theory also focuses on the determinants of the individual choices (methodological individualism). Rational choice theory then assumes that an individual has preferences among the available choice alternatives that allow them to state which option they prefer. These preferences are assumed to be complete (the person can always say which of two alternatives they consider preferable or that neither is preferred to the other) and transitive (if option A is preferred over option B and option B is preferred over option C, then A is preferred over C). When people are ignorant and undereducated, it's difficult to analyze behaviors and come to any conclusion, except to guess what would peoples behaviors be if they were intelligent? Decoy Effect.

Two-Party System is a party system in which two major political parties[1] consistently dominate the political landscape. At any point in time, one of the two parties typically holds a majority in the legislature and is usually referred to as the majority or governing party while the other is the minority or opposition party.

Two Party System Failures. People should not allow a corrupt 2 party dominated system to deny peoples rights or control peoples choices. Forcing people to choose between only 2 unqualified criminals that were chosen by wealthy criminals, is 100 percent unconstitutional and not even a democracy.

The Lesser of Two Evils is still evil. It sucks to know that your vote in almost every democratic election is only a vote for the lesser of two evils, which means that you still have evil representatives. Dumb or Dumber?

Condorcet Paradox or voting paradox in social choice theory is a situation in which collective preferences can be cyclic, even if the preferences of individual voters are not cyclic. This is paradoxical, because it means that majority wishes can be in conflict with each other: Majorities prefer, for example, candidate A over B, B over C, and yet C over A. When this occurs, it is because the conflicting majorities are each made up of different groups of individuals. Thus an expectation that transitivity on the part of all individuals' preferences should result in transitivity of societal preferences is an example of a fallacy of composition.

Voting in political elections deceives the public into believing that they actually have a voice in a Democracy.

"Democracy cannot succeed unless those who express their choice are prepared to choose wisely. The real safeguard of democracy, therefore, is Education." ~ Franklin D. Roosevelt - (Having competent politicians is also needed).

Floor Vote is just for show, the true voting has already happened behind closed doors in committees.

"When people learn and understand how every choice and decision they make is a vote, and when people are fully aware how they make hundreds of votes every day by their actions, then everyone will people make better decisions."

What Ever is in Fashion - Peoples lack of knowledge pretty much limits them to just voting for their favorite color, ' Red or Blue'. If that doesn't work then people usually just vote for a name or a label, which is ignorant and shallow. People need to learn how their ignorance and lack of knowledge hurts democracy, and how it hurts America. If people knew more, we would have more intelligent politicians, as well as, more intelligent voters.

Pick a side? Which side are you on? Why do I have to choose a side? If you have sides that means that one side is wrong or both sides are wrong. This is why so many people refuse to play this stupid game, especially when this is not a game, this is peoples lives. So you have to have at least one side that explains the facts, other wise, you will never have the improvements that are needed, or will we ever reach our full potential.

Best Party was an Icelandic political party.

We need a Good Party, a Political Party that focuses on what is good and right, without bias or corruption.

"Why would you vote when your only choices are ignorant criminals who are only doing public service for the money and not to be a voice for the people that they claim to represent?"

The problems in our world are Numerous and sometimes Complicated. And one thing is for sure, this shit is not going to fix itself

"It's not the vote that counts, but the one who counts the votes."  "Every vote counts, but not every vote is counted."

Petitions - Activism - Diplomacy - Election Monitoring

Veil of Ignorance is a method of determining the morality of political issues based upon the following thought experiment: People making political decisions imagine that they know nothing about the particular talents, abilities, tastes, social class, and positions they will have within a social order. When such parties are selecting the principles for distribution of rights, positions, and resources in the society in which they will live, this "veil of ignorance" prevents them from knowing who will receive a given distribution of rights, positions, and resources in that society. For example, for a proposed society in which 50% of the population is kept in slavery, it follows that on entering the new society there is a 50% likelihood that the participant would be a slave. The idea is that parties subject to the veil of ignorance will make choices based upon moral considerations, since they will not be able to make choices based on their own self- or class-interest. No one knows his place in society, his class position or social status; nor does he know his fortune in the distribution of natural assets and abilities, his intelligence and strength, and the like.

"Right and Wrong cannot be decided just by voting, it needs education along with fulfilling our daily responsibilities."

If you ask a person what they believe is their political view and their understanding of politics and voting, you will clearly see that 90% of people have very little knowledge and information about politics and voting. Most people never ask enough questions that would help them to have a better understanding of themselves and the world around them. So the problem with politics is mostly peoples ignorance and their lack of knowledge. Until that problem is solved, and when we start informing people more thoroughly, then voting will only continue to make just these little differences here and there without ever facing and solving the biggest problems that all humans face. Insanity is doing the same thing over and over again but always expecting different results then the same results that keep on happening over and over again. The only changes that you can be sure of are the changes that you make in yourself through learning, and learning about the changes that you can make in the world by physically and mentally participating in those changes. All the improvements in life that people are privileged enough to enjoy and use, all comes from the work of millions of people, and not just from the votes that those people made in political elections. If you believe that all you have to do is vote during election time, then you are either lazy and selfish or completely ignorant. You should be able to answer that question yourself.

Political Campaigns should not be about tricking voters or manipulating voters. Campaigns need to be about informing the voters and educating the voters so that the voters can make the best choice and make the most accurate voting decision possible. Our political campaigns are a type of voter fraud that is extremely disturbing, and what's even more disturbing, is the consent that the voter gives by being passive and refusing to educate themselves. Learning is the responsibility of every citizen. Pretending that someone will eventually be this perfect leader and make incredible things happen, is a fantasy. Either we learn about our reality and understand the facts, or we will continue to have problems that will never be solved. We have to make good choices and understand what those choices mean. Bad choices can effect everyone, and there's no reason for bad choices, bad choices can not be justified, so there is no excuse, except ignorance, which is why we need to inform people better. Ignorant people can make bad choices, we know this as a fact. This is why having informed citizens is so extremely important. We can drastically reduce human errors by informing people better. Every person should have access to the knowledge and information that they need. Every person should be aware of the current state of affairs. We have the technology, all we need is our representatives to take action and every citizen to take action. Our daily briefing should be available to everyone. "This is what we know, this is the knowledge and information we have so far today, Here is the current list of things that are extremely important. Here is our priorities. Here is what you can do. If you need assistance understanding this information, please call for assistance. Remember, when we work together we can make positive changes happen a lot faster are we can progress smoothly."

If you think that voting in an election is some how fulfilling your patriotic duty, or if you believe that voting is some how honoring fallen veterans, your are a fool and a moron. If you think that you can transfer your responsibilities as a citizen to a politician who has very little power because of a corrupt system, you are a fool and a moron. Voting in an election is less then 1% of the total responsibilities that every person has on this planet. If you don't educate yourself about your responsibilities, you will most likely end up being an accessory to the crimes being committed against humanity on a daily basis. You have to educate yourself on all the ways that you can improve your country and your community. You can not simply transfer those responsibilities to someone else by just voting for someone that you have no control over.

Politicians Campaign Promise - Vote for me and I will give you a tax break but it will hurt thousands of other people in order for you to have a tax break. Vote for me and I will change the laws to favor your beliefs but it will violate other peoples human rights and cause unnecessary harm and not even solve the problem. If you vote for me I will give you a job but I will also give you cancer. Vote for me and I will guarantee you will that you will be a moron for the rest of your life. People must understand that voting is only 1% of the work a person needs to do in order for us to manage the quality of life....People need to wake up from this illusion. Turn off the TV and get an Internet connection to all the worlds most valuable knowledge and information. Of course you will have to read and learn, which are the two most important functions a human needs to do, it is the most effective method we have for transferring knowledge and information. And this is a fact that humans have known for 100's of years. But we are not taking this responsibility serious, and that's the reason for all the problems.

Policy Switch or bait-and-switch strategies, is when candidates engage in a redistributive discourse in order to attract the support of the poor, only later to apply neoliberal structural adjustment policies. Psychological Manipulation.

Reneg is to fail to fulfill a promise or obligation. Cheat and Lie.

Drain the Swamp phrase alludes to the historical draining of swamps to keep mosquito populations low to combat malaria. It has been used as a metaphor by politicians to make more false promises that they will actually do something when they are in power, which always turns out to be a lie, and a very costly one. Ignorant people like the saying because they think that corrupt people will actually be removed from power and that things will change when they are finally gone and removed. But they only end up replacing the moron with another moron, you moron. People always fall for these stupid catch phrases, like fools in a ponzi scheme, they keep coming back for more. Now in the 21st century we don't have to drain swamps anymore, we just need to breed the idiots out of power, meaning, as people become more educated and more knowledgeable, people will not be fooled so easily anymore and people will not allow ignorant and corrupt people to have positions of authority. So how's that for a metaphor, how do you like them apples?

Taking advantage of people because of their ignorance, that's child abuse.

Single Transferable Vote is a proportional voting system designed to achieve or closely approach proportional representation through voters ranking candidates in multi-seat organizations or constituencies (voting districts). Under STV, each elector (voter) gets a single vote in an election electing multiple winners. Each elector marks their ballot for the most preferred candidate and also marks back-up preferences. The vote goes to the voter's first preference if possible, but if their first preference is eliminated, instead of being thrown away, the vote is transferred to a back-up preference, with the vote being assigned to the voter's second, third, or lower choice or being apportioned fractionally to different candidates. The counting process works thus: votes are totalled, and a quota (the minimum number of votes required to win a seat) is derived.[a] If the elector's first-ranked candidate achieves the quota, the candidate is declared elected; and, in some STV systems, any surplus vote is transferred to other candidates in proportion to the next back-up preference marked on the ballots. If more candidates than seats remain, the candidate with the fewest votes is eliminated, with the votes in their favour being transferred to other candidates as determined by the voters' next back-up preference. These elections and eliminations, and vote transfers if applicable, continue until enough candidates exceed quota to fill all the seats or until there are only as many remaining candidates as there are unfilled seats, at which point the remaining candidates are declared elected.

Not only do you need to know the candidate that you're voting for, you need to know how your politician Votes and Represents you after they have been elected? And you need the power to remove politicians who do not fulfill their responsibilities. But in order to do that, you need to be informed, you need to understand your own responsibilities. You must have authority over yourself first before you can give the responsibility of authority to other people. Another reason why we need to improve education and public awareness.

Total number of Americans eligible to vote - 218,959,000. Total number of Americans registered to vote - 146,311,000. Total number of Americans who actually voted in the 2012 Presidential election - 126,144,000. Voter Registration Statistics Data.

“If voting made any difference they wouldn't let us do it.” (Mark Twain)

Only 57.5 % of Americans who were eligible to vote, actually voted in the 2012 Presidential election. But it's worse then that, a lot of voters are just voting against the other candidate, so it ends up being just less then 20% of the population who actually choose and want the current President. But it's worse then that....you don't get to choose, your choices are made for you. it's like a math trick, no mater what number you choose, the answer will always be the same, or "Same old Sh*t." But it's worse then that...Most people vote depending on their political affiliation, an ignorant bias that is totally illogical because it does not define what is right, wrong, good or bad. A Division created by ignorance.

To say "America has Voted" is a Lie. To say "America has Spoken" is a Lie too. All you can say is that less then 20% of Americans population has voted for the current president, and whether they fully understand what they voted for has not even been determined. But it's worse then that...

Around 50% of Americans who are eligible to vote, decide not to vote for politicians in elections. But it's much worse then that. Around 75% of Americans did not vote for an Elected President. But it's much worse then that. Only 25% of Americans registered to vote, choose a President. (60 Million votes = 20% of the population) But it's much worse then that. The Electoral College votes for the president. But it's much worse then that. Wealthy people bought the votes in the Electoral College. So only 1% of Americans actually choose a President. But it's much worse then that. Wealthy people control the President like a puppet. So 90% of the promises that Presidents make, are never fulfilled because it's mostly a bunch of Lies. Same goes for 90% of your Representatives in Congress. You vote them in and then they never listen to you again because they are controlled by the wealthy 1%. So it's not the most votes that count, or even how many people voted that counts. It's what the wealthy 1% want. So do you think your vote counts now? You didn't make a difference. But the 1% want you to believe that you did make a difference so that you stay the fool that you are. Unless you do more then just vote in elections, you will have blood on your hands and you are basically just an accessory to crimes being committed against humanity. So what are you actually voting for? More Mass Murder? More Decay? More Disease? More Death? More Soldiers being Killed in the name of Corporations? And on top of that you have Election Fraud, which includes voter suppression, attack adds, propaganda, gerrymandering, vote buying and so on. WakeTFU America! That is why it is so disturbing to see politicians say they speak for America, when in fact they don't, it's a lie and a criminal act because all they can say is that they speak for a few corporations and some powerful people, who may or may not live in America or even have their money in America, so it is fraud on a grand scale. Then on top of that, states sell your personal voter registration information to third parties.

Connecticut: 58.3% Voted? 1,500,000 Total Ballots Counted. 2,572,337 Total Registered to Vote. 2,834,267 Voting-Age Population. Total Population is 3.597 Million (2014).

Religion is a strong indicator of an individual's voting behavior. Catholic Church and Politics have been active in the elections of the United States since the mid 19th century. Religious Rejection of Politics is a philosophy that can be found in several religions, such as Christianity, Judaism, Islam, Taoism, Hinduism, and Buddhism. Followers of this philosophy may withdraw from politics for several reasons, including the view that politics is artificial, divisionary, or corrupt. Separation of Church and State.

Popular Vote Elections by Popular Vote Margin (wiki) - National Popular Vote

Popular Vote is another lie. Half the people who voted for you were just voting against the other idiot, and not because they liked you or really wanted you. Popular vote does not exist. Who chooses the Electoral College Voter?

Survey Flaws - Ratings Flaws

Make America Great Again slogan was first used by Ronald Reagan during his 1980 presidential campaign. The term was created in 1979 during a time in which the United States was suffering from a worsening economy at home marked by high unemployment and inflation. Jimmy Carter was the president before Reagan, so republicans have always rode the coattails of of great democratic presidents, and republican presidents have always made the country worst off then it was, leaving the democratic presidents with the responsibility of cleaning up all the messes that the republicans have left behind, and I know this is true because I heard it on TV. In 2016, trump voters proved that there was over 62 million ignorant people in America. Then in 2020, trump voters proved that ignorant people will stay ignorant and sometimes become even more ignorant. If people are not learning and becoming more knowledgeable and becoming more informed, then America has some serious flaws in its education system and in its media outlets. This vulnerability of ignorance can not be ignored any longer. Ignorance is killing us. If Americans do not unite and fight this common enemy of ignorance, our species and this planet are doomed, game over.

What Republicans said about election results in 2016 is a total contradict in 2020 (youtube) - Congressional Republicans were quick to congratulate President-elect Donald Trump in 2016. Now, those same Republicans are refusing to congratulate President-elect Joe Biden. Republicans are lying hypocrites, that is what being a republican is. But try explaining that to delusional followers.

Idiocracy is a 2006 American satirical science fiction comedy film that actually came true in a sense. It's sad that we can make fun of reality, but no one really gets the joke, because reality is not a joke. 'President Camacho'.

Identity Politics is a tendency for people of a particular religion, race, social background, etc., to form exclusive political alliances, moving away from traditional broad-based party politics. Identity Politics refers to political positions based on the interests and perspectives of social groups with which people identify. Identity politics includes the ways in which people's politics may be shaped by aspects of their identity through loosely correlated social organizations. Examples include social organizations based on race, gender identity, ethnicity, nationality, sexual orientation, disability, religion, culture, language and dialect. Not all members of any given group are involved in identity politics. Discrimination - Bias.

When you keep people divided, it's easier to manipulate people and control people. There are no Blue States or Red States, that is a lie to make Americans feel that we as a people are divided. Americans are not divided, Americans are ill-informed, uninformed and ignorant about the reality of the world, and themselves. The only thing that truly Divides people is ignorance.

How do Military Personnel Vote? Republican or Democrat? (image)

80 Million Americans still did not vote in 2020 election. Nonvoters' reasons for not voting include: Not being registered to vote (29%). Not being interested in politics (23%). Not liking the candidates (20%). A feeling their vote wouldn't have made a difference (16%). Being undecided on whom to vote for (10%).

How Voters And Nonvoters See The World. 80% of Nonvoters think that traditional parties and politicians don’t care about people like them, while 73% voters think the same thing. 80% of Nonvoters think that the mainstream media are more interested in making money than telling the truth, while 72% of voters think the same thing. 78% of Nonvoters think that the American economy is rigged to advantage the rich and powerful, while 69% of voters think the same thing. 64% of Nonvoters think that we should have a third major political party in addition to the Democrats and Republicans, while 67% of voters think the same thing. 46% of Nonvoters think that success in life is pretty much determined by forces outside our control, while 34% of voters think the same thing. 47% of Nonvoters think that most issues discussed in Washington don’t affect me personally, while 32% of voters think the same thing. 61% of Nonvoters think that we should do away with the Electoral College and elect presidents by the popular vote, while 57% of voters think the same thing. 66% of Nonvoters think that voting in elections has little to do with the way that real decisions are made in our country, while 45% of voters think the same thing. 45% of Nonvoters think that elections in this country are free and fair for all, while 56% of voters think the same thing. 53% of Nonvoters think that it makes no difference who is elected president – things go on just as they did before, while 24% of voters think the same thing. 50% of Nonvoters think that I'm only one person, so my vote doesn’t make a difference, while 17% of voters think the same thing. 19% of Nonvoters think that voting in their state is harder than it should be, while 12% of voters think the same thing. Only 38% of Nonvoters said they followed stories about the presidential and congressional campaigns in 2020 at least fairly closely, compared with 79% of people who voted. Nonvoters were far less likely to have watched the debates or conventions. Less than a third watched the presidential debates, compared with almost two-thirds of voters. What's more, two-thirds of nonvoters said they didn't watch the presidential or vice presidential debates or either the Republican or Democratic conventions. 79% of Voters closely followed the campaigns while 20% of voters did not .38% of Nonvoters closely followed the campaigns while 61% of Nonvoters did not.

Only 21% of voters made $50,000 a year or less, 43% of nonvoters did. Just over a quarter of voters had a high school degree or less, but a majority (52%) of nonvoters did. Sixty percent of voters said they were married, but just 44% of voters did, which impacts economic power in a society when dual-income households are becoming increasingly necessary in more expensive parts of the country. Nonvoters were also more likely to be young and Latino. Thirty-five percent of nonvoters in this survey were between the ages of 18 and 34, compared with 24% of voters. And notably, a quarter of nonvoters were Hispanic, compared with just 7% of voters. Only 52% of Latinos surveyed overall said they were registered to vote. That compares to 80% of white respondents and 78% of Black Americans.



Votes


Voting is a method for a group such as a meeting or an electorate to make a decision or express an opinion, usually following discussions, debates or election campaigns. Democracies elect holders of high office by voting.

Voting Interference

Vote is to express one's preference for a candidate or for a measure or resolution. To cast a vote to express a choice or an opinion.

Election Ink is a semi-permanent ink or dye that is applied to the forefinger (usually) of voters during elections in order to prevent electoral fraud such as double voting. It is an effective method for countries where identification documents for citizens are not always standardized or institutionalized. Biometric-update.

Voting System consists of the set of rules which must be followed for a vote to be considered valid, and how votes are counted and aggregated to yield a final result. Majority.

Early Voting is a process by which voters in a public election can vote prior to the scheduled election day. Early voting can take place remotely, such as via postal voting, or in person, usually in designated early voting polling stations. The availability and time periods for early voting vary among jurisdictions and types of election. The goals of early voting are usually to increase voter participation and relieve congestion at polling stations on election day. (34 million people voted early in the 2018 midterm elections, breaking the last record).

Postal Voting or mail in ballot is voting in an election whereby ballot papers are distributed to electors or returned by post, in contrast to electors voting in person at a polling station or electronically via an electronic voting system. Historically, postal votes must be distributed and placed in return mail before the scheduled election day, it is sometimes referred to as a form of early voting. Mail in Ballot Warnings.

Ballot is a device used to cast votes in an election, and may be a piece of paper or a small ball used in secret voting. A process of voting, in writing and typically in secret from members on a particular issue. Poles - Surveys.

Absentee Ballot is a vote cast by someone who is unable or unwilling to attend the official polling station to which the voter is normally allocated. Numerous methods have been devised to facilitate this. Increasing the ease of access to absentee ballots is seen by many as one way to improve voter turnout, though some countries require that a valid reason, such as infirmity or travel, be given before a voter can participate in an absentee ballot. An estimated 80 million Americans will choose to vote by mail in the November election in 2020.

Ballot Tracking Services are used to verify that your mail in vote was received and accepted. 47 states and the District of Columbia will be offering online ballot tracking services, allowing voters to verify when their mail ballot has been received and accepted. Fixing your ballot if it was rejected.

Provisional Ballot is used to record a vote when there are questions about a given voter's eligibility that must be resolved before the vote can count. The federal Help America Vote Act of 2002 guarantees that, in most states, the voter can cast a provisional ballot if the voter states that he or she is entitled to vote. Some of the most common reasons to cast a provisional ballot include: The voter's name does not appear on the electoral roll for the given precinct (polling place), because the voter is not registered to vote or is registered to vote elsewhere. The voter's eligibility cannot be established or has been challenged. The voter lacks a photo identification document (in jurisdictions that require one). The voter requested to vote by absentee ballot but claims to have not received, or not cast, the absentee ballot. The voter's registration contains inaccurate or outdated information such as the wrong address or a misspelled name. In a closed primary (limited to members of a political party), the voter's party registration is listed incorrectly. Whether a provisional ballot is counted is contingent upon the verification of that voter's eligibility, which may involve local election officials reviewing government records or asking the voter for more information, such as a photo identification not presented at the polling place or proof of residence. Each state may set its own timing rules for when they must be resolved. Provisional ballots therefore cannot usually be counted until after the day of the election. Sometimes voter suppression tactics by the Republicans can also be a reason for a provisional ballot.

Electronic Voting is voting using electronic means to either aid or take care of the chores of casting and counting votes. Depending on the particular implementation, e-voting may encompass a range of Internet services, from basic data transmission to full-function online voting through common connectable household devices. Similarly, the degree of automation may vary from simple chores to a complete solution that includes voter registration & authentication, vote input, local or precinct tallying, vote data encryption and transmission to servers, vote consolidation and tabulation, and election administration. A worthy e-voting system must perform most of these tasks while complying with a set of standards established by regulatory bodies, and must also be capable to deal successfully with strong requirements associated with security, accuracy, integrity, swiftness, privacy, auditability, accessibility, cost-effectiveness, scalability and ecological sustainability.

Ghost Voters is a practice in which a member of a legislative assembly casts a vote without being present in the voting chamber. Legislators can also sometimes rig their voting buttons to be triggered remotely.

Present Vote is a vote is neither for or against a bill or resolution, which has the effect of an abstention.

Runoff Election is a second election held to determine a winner when no candidate in the first election met the required threshold for victory. Runoff elections can be held for both primary elections and general elections.

Two-round system is a voting system used to elect a single winner, whereby only two candidates from the first round continue to the second round, where one candidate will win.

Instant-runoff voting is an electoral system whereby voters rank the candidates in order of preference.

Contingent Vote is a two-round system of instant-runoff voting.

Exhaustive Ballot is a reiterative voting system whereby rounds of voting continue with or without elimination until one candidate achieves a majority, also called repeated balloting.


Protest Vote


Protest Vote is a vote cast in an election to demonstrate the voter's dissatisfaction with the choice of candidates or refusal of the current political system. In this latter case, protest vote may take the form of a valid vote, but instead of voting for the mainstream candidates, it is a vote in favor of a minority or fringe candidate, either from the far-left, far-right or self-presenting as a candidate foreign to the political system. Civil Disobedience.

Abstain is to formally decline to vote either for or against a proposal or motion.

If a corrupt politician refuses to vote, they call it "Abstains from Voting", if an American decides not to vote they call it a protest.

Sham Election is an election that is held purely for show; that is, without any significant political choice or real impact on results of election.

Abstention is a term in election procedure for when a participant in a vote either does not go to vote (on election day) or, in parliamentary procedure, is present during the vote, but does not cast a ballot. Abstention must be contrasted with "blank vote", in which a voter casts a ballot willfully made invalid by marking it wrongly or by not marking anything at all. A "blank (or white) voter" has voted, although their vote may be considered a spoilt vote, depending on each legislation, while an abstaining voter hasn't voted. Both forms (abstention and blank vote) may or may not, depending on the circumstances, be considered to be a protest vote (also known as a "blank vote" or "white vote"). An abstention may be used to indicate the voting individual's ambivalence about the measure, or mild disapproval that does not rise to the level of active opposition. Abstention can also be used when someone has a certain position about an issue, but since the popular sentiment supports the opposite, it might not be politically expedient to vote according to his or her conscience. A person may also abstain when they do not feel adequately informed about the issue at hand, or has not participated in relevant discussion. In parliamentary procedure, a member may be required to abstain in the case of a real or perceived conflict of interest. Abstentions do not count in tallying the vote negatively or positively; when members abstain, they are in effect attending only to contribute to a quorum. White votes, however, may be counted in the total of votes, depending on the legislation.

Voter Fatigue and voter apathy should be distinguished from what arises when voters are not allowed or unable to vote, or when disenfranchisement occurs, or voters are engaged generally but repelled by the options available. Voter fatigue can cause notoriously low voter turnout rates, and potentially more protest vote, and supposedly occurs for a variety of reasons: voters are not interested in the issue. Voters are bothered by the inconvenience of physically voting. Voters feel their vote will not count because they think that the election has "already been won" by one side. Voters feel that it is not worth their while to educate themselves as to the issues and hence their vote would not be worth making. This is related to the concept of rational ignorance. Voters have to vote for too many institutions (too often). Alarm Fatigue.

Political Alienation is when people reject a prevailing political system because they want to blame the other political group for all the problems in the world, when in fact it's their own ignorance and the ignorance of other people that causes the illusion of alienation. There are at least five expressions of political alienation: Political powerlessness. An individual's feeling that they cannot affect the actions of the government. Political meaninglessness. An individual's perception that political decisions are unclear and unpredictable. Political normlessness. An individual's perception that norms or rules intended to govern political relations are broken down, and that departures from prescribed behavior are common. Political isolation. An individual's rejection of political norms and goals that are widely held and shared by other members of a society. Political disappointment. An individual's disinterest to a political decision or participation because of the ruling class bad behaviors, such as, leaders having scandals by doing shameful things. Divide and Rule.

Voter Apathy is lack of caring among voters in an election. It's not that they don't care, it's that most people don't have a clue what's going on and they can't understand the choices and options they have, so they have this illusion of being powerless. Usually as the result of the corruption in the system and from a dysfunctional media that focuses more on propaganda then actually informing and educating the public.

Silent Majority is an unspecified large group of people in a country or group who do not express their opinions publicly. But silence can still be damaging.

Spoilt Vote invalid or stray if a law declares or an election authority determines that it is invalid and thus not included in the vote count. This may occur accidentally or deliberately. The total number of spoilt votes in a United States election has been called the residual vote. In some jurisdictions spoilt votes are counted and reported.

Spoiler Candidate in the election draws votes from a major candidate with similar politics, thereby causing a strong opponent of both or several to win. The minor candidate causing this effect is referred to as a spoiler. However, short of any electoral fraud, this presents no grounds for a legal challenge. The spoiler candidate takes votes away from a more viable candidate or candidates, a common effect called vote splitting. If one opposing candidate is ideologically or politically similar and therefore receives far fewer votes than other opposing candidates to the spoiler candidate, vote splitting has a spoiler effect.

Tactical Voting occurs in elections with more than two candidates, when a voter supports another candidate more strongly than their sincere preference in order to prevent an undesirable outcome. For example, in a simple plurality election, a voter might gain a better outcome by voting for a less preferred but more generally popular candidate.

Refused Ballot is an alternative for many people to casting a disparaging spoiled ballot, which is not counted separately from ballots which have been accidentally spoiled.

Overvote occurs when one votes for more than the maximum number of selections allowed in a contest.

Undervote occurs when the number of choices selected by a voter in a contest is less than the minimum number allowed for that contest or when no selection is made for a single choice contest.

Secret Ballot is a voting method in which a voter's choices in an election or a referendum are anonymous, forestalling attempts to influence the voter by intimidation and potential vote buying. The system is one means of achieving the goal of political privacy. (or someone is trying to hide something, something that contradicts previous statements).

Not voting is a form of protest, the same kind of protest that gave America its independence. But you have to vote because of what happen in 2016. Unqualified morons should not be president.


Electoral College


Electoral College in the United States is the body that elects the President and Vice President of the United States every four years. Citizens of the United States do not directly elect the president or the vice president; instead people who you don't know choose "electors", who usually pledge to vote for particular candidates. The Electoral College consists of 538 electors. A majority of 270 electoral votes is required to elect the President. Your state's entitled allotment of electors equals the number of members in its Congressional delegation: one for each member in the House of Representatives plus two for your Senators. Usually, political parties nominate electors at their state conventions. Sometimes that process occurs by a vote of the party's central committee. Each state legislature determines the manner by which its state's electors are chosen. The electors are usually state-elected officials, party leaders, or people with a strong affiliation with the Presidential candidates.

Electoral College undermines Democracy, just like a two party system does. Dismissing a Juror.

5 presidents have been elected without the popular vote. The most recent was George W. Bush in 2000, which gave us 911.

63 percent of Americans would get rid of the electoral college.

Boxer Introduces Bill To Abolish The Electoral College.

Abolish the Electoral College - Abolish the Electoral College Sign the petition

14 Battleground States are the only people that matter to people running for president. 14 states do not represent America, we have 36 more states that have a constitutional right to be heard. Gerrymandering.

Swing State refers to any state that could reasonably be won by either the Democratic or Republican presidential candidate.

The number of electoral votes each state gets is determined by its number of House seats and Senate seats. This system dates back to the early 1800's and stems from the idea that the people should not be trusted to vote directly for their president. The U.S. Constitution contains very few provisions relating to the qualifications of Electors. Article II, section 1, clause 2 provides that no Senator or Representative, or Person holding an Office of Trust or Profit under the United States, shall be appointed an Elector. Political Parties often choose Electors for the slate to recognize their service and dedication to that political party. When the voters in each state cast votes for the Presidential candidate of their choice they are voting to select their state's Electors. The potential Electors' names may or may not appear on the ballot below the name of the Presidential candidates, There is no Constitutional provision or Federal law that requires Electors to vote according to the results of the popular vote in their states. Electors usually pledge to vote for their party's nominee, but some "faithless electors" have voted for other candidates or refrained from voting. A candidate must receive an absolute majority of electoral votes (currently 270) to win the presidency or the vice presidency. Presidential electors have the Constitutional right to vote their conscience and the responsibility to unify behind the best person for the job, but how can they when they have pledged themselves to a political party? Bias - The U.S. National Archives and Records Administration.

Delegate is someone who attends or communicates the ideas of or acts on behalf of an organization at a meeting or conference between organizations, which may be at the same level or involved in a common field of work or interest. Pledged delegates are elected or chosen at the state or local level, with the understanding that they will support a particular candidate at the convention.

Who Elects Delegates
? Who gets to Choose a Delegate? Shouldn't delegates be independent and not biased or partisan? How do you hold delegates responsible and accountable for their votes? Who do delegates really represent?

Super-Delegate includes elected officials and party activists and officials. Democratic superdelegates are free to support any candidate for the presidential nomination. Superdelegates make up just under 15% of all convention delegates.

Nominate is to propose or formally enter as a candidate for election or for an honor or award.

Nomination is part of the process of selecting a candidate for either election to a public office, or the bestowing of an honor or award. A collection of nominees narrowed from the full list of candidates is a short list.

Campaigns - Votes

Political Privacy is a voting method in which a voter's choices in an election or a referendum are anonymous, forestalling attempts to influence the voter by intimidation and potential vote buying. Independent.

Plurality Voting System is a voting system in which each voter is allowed to vote for only one candidate, and the candidate who polls more votes (plurality) than any other candidate is elected. In a system based on single-member districts, it may be called first-past-the-post (FPTP), single-choice voting, simple plurality or relative/simple majority. In a system based on multi-member districts, it may be referred to as winner-takes-all or bloc voting. The system is often used to elect members of a legislative assembly or executive officers. It is the most common form of the system, used in Canada, the lower house (Lok Sabha) in India, the United Kingdom, and most elections in the United States.

Indirect Election is an election in which voters do not choose between candidates for an office, but elect people who then choose.

Candidates Voting Information

Faithless Elector is a member of the United States Electoral College who does not vote for the presidential or vice presidential candidate for whom they had pledged to vote. That is, they break faith with the candidate they were pledged to and vote for another candidate, or fail to vote. A pledged elector is only considered a faithless elector by breaking their pledge; unpledged electors have no pledge to break. Minnesota also invoked this law for the first time in 2016 when an elector pledged to Hillary Clinton attempted to vote for Bernie Sanders instead. Until 2008, Minnesota's electors cast secret ballots. Although the final count would reveal the occurrence of faithless votes (except in the unlikely case of two or more changes canceling out), it was impossible to determine which elector(s) were faithless. After an unknown elector was faithless in 2004, Minnesota amended its law to require public balloting of the electors' votes and invalidate any vote cast for someone other than the candidate to whom the elector was pledged. After the 2016 election, electors who attempted to switch their votes in Washington and Colorado were subjected to enforcement of their state's faithless elector laws. The electors received legal assistance from the non-profit advocacy group Equal Citizens founded by Lawrence Lessig.

Unpledged Elector is a person nominated to stand as an elector but who has not pledged to support any particular presidential or vice presidential candidate, and is free to vote for any candidate when elected a member of the Electoral College. Presidential elections are indirect, with voters in each state choosing electors on Election Day in November, and these electors choosing the President of the United States and Vice President of the United States in December. Electors today are elected in every state by popular vote, and in practice have since the 19th century almost always agreed in advance to vote for a particular candidate — that is, they are said to have been pledged to that candidate. In the 20th century, however, several elections were contested by unpledged electors, who made no pledge to any candidate before the election. These anomalies largely arose from fissures within the Democratic Party over the issues of civil rights and segregation. No serious general election campaign has been mounted to elect unpledged electors in any state since 1964. An unpledged elector is distinct from a faithless elector who pledges his or her vote for a particular candidate before the election but ultimately votes for someone else or fails to vote at all.

Thirty-two states and the District of Columbia require presidential electors to vote for the popular-vote winner, and electors almost always do so anyway. Under the Constitution, the country elects the president indirectly, with voters choosing people who actually cast an Electoral College ballot for president. It takes 270 votes to win. people become electors by pledging to support a candidate. What troubled her, Ginsburg said, was, “I made a promise to do something, but that promise is unenforceable. The issue arose in lawsuits filed by three Hillary Clinton electors in Washington state and one in Colorado who refused to vote for her despite her popular vote win in both states. In so doing, they hoped to persuade enough electors in states won by Donald Trump to choose someone else and deny Trump the presidency. The federal appeals court in Denver ruled that electors can vote as they please, rejecting arguments that they must choose the popular-vote winner. In Washington, the state Supreme Court upheld a $1,000 fine against the three electors and rejected their claims. Electors are typically chosen and nominated by a political party or the party's presidential nominee: they are usually party members with a reputation for high loyalty to the party and its chosen candidate. Thus, a faithless elector runs the risk of party censure and political retaliation from their party, as well as potential legal penalties in some states. Candidates for elector are nominated by state political parties in the months prior to Election Day. In some states, such as Indiana, the electors are nominated in primaries, the same way other candidates are nominated. In other states, such as Oklahoma, Virginia, and North Carolina, electors are nominated in party conventions. In Pennsylvania, the campaign committee of each candidate names their candidates for elector (an attempt to discourage faithless electors). In some states, high-ranking and/or well-known state officials up to and including governors often serve as electors whenever possible (the Constitution prohibits federal officials from acting as electors, but does not restrict state officials from doing so). The parties have generally been successful in keeping their electors faithful, leaving out the rare cases in which a candidate died before the elector was able to cast a vote. The closest Electoral College margin in recent years was in 2000, when Republican George W. Bush received 271 votes to 266 for Democrat Al Gore. One elector from Washington, D.C., left her ballot blank. The Supreme Court played a decisive role in that election, ending a recount in Florida, where Bush held a 537-vote margin out of 6 million ballots cast.

Whip in politics is an official of a political party whose task is to ensure party discipline in a legislature. This means ensuring that members of the party vote according to the party platform, rather than according to their own individual ideology or the will of their donors or constituents. Whips are the party's "enforcers". They try to ensure that their fellow political party legislators attend voting sessions and vote according to their party's official policy. Members who vote against party policy may "lose the whip", effectively expelling them from the party. The term is taken from the "whipper-in" during a hunt, who tries to prevent hounds from wandering away from a hunting pack. Additionally, the term "whip" may mean the voting instructions issued to legislators, or the status of a certain legislator in their party's parliamentary grouping.

Political Party Strength in the U.S. refers to the level of representation of the various political parties of the U.S. in each statewide elective office providing legislators to the state and to the U.S. Congress and electing the executives at the state (U.S. state governor) and national (U.S. President) level. Blue States - Red States.

Party-Line Vote in a deliberative assembly (such as a constituent assembly, parliament, or legislature) is a vote in which a substantial majority of members of a political party vote the same way (usually in opposition to the other political party(ies) whose members vote the opposite way). The term implies that the decision is irrelevant to the merits of the issue at hand or the political beliefs of individual members, but instead is dictated by party policy. Sources vary on what proportion of party members must adhere to the party line in order for the vote to constitute a "party-line" vote. For example, the Congressional Record has stated: "A party-line vote is one on which a majority of Republicans vote one way and a majority of Democrats vote another. 2. A bipartisan vote is one in which a majority of Republicans and a majority of Democrats vote the same way". Another source defined this event for purposes of classifying votes for research purposes as "one where 90 percent of the majority party votes against 90 percent of the minority party". Party-line votes are also noted to reflect the degree to which the division of power requires parties to retain cohesion in order to implement its goals: Whether a party-line vote appears on an issue reflects incentives presented by majority rule. In a house where the two parties are nearly evenly balanced, a few defections will be very costly to the (slim) majority party, and party-line votes may prevail. If, in contrast, one party has a substantial majority, some position-taking defections can be permitted.

Majority in elections is receiving more than half of the votes. The number of votes that the winner has more than the next highest number. The property resulting from being or relating to the greater in number of two parts; the main part.

Majority Voting System is when a candidate must receive an absolute majority of votes.

Split Decision - Unanimous - Picking your own Judge - Moral Majority

Supermajority is a requirement for a proposal to gain a specified level of support which is greater than the threshold of more than one-half used for a majority. A supermajority in a democracy can help to prevent a majority from eroding fundamental rights of a minority, or sometimes, allow criminals to be above the law. Changes to constitutions, especially those with entrenched clauses, commonly require supermajority support in a legislature. Parliamentary procedure requires that any action of a deliberative assembly that may alter the rights of a minority have a supermajority requirement, such as a two-thirds vote. Related concepts regarding alternatives to the majority vote requirement include a majority of the entire membership and a majority of the fixed membership. A supermajority can also be specified based on the entire membership or fixed membership rather than on those present and voting. Two-thirds of the chamber. In a few instances, the Constitution requires a two-thirds vote of the Senate, including: expelling a senator; overriding a presidential veto; adopting a proposed constitutional amendment; convicting an impeached official; and consenting to ratification of a treaty. To figure a 2/3 vote, the procedure is to divide the number of votes by 3 and multiply by 2 (rounding up on fractions). A simpler calculation is to double the number of negative votes cast; if the motion receives that number or a higher number, then it passes by the necessary 2/3s.

Balance of Power is a situation in which one or more members of a parliamentary or similar chamber can, by their uncommitted vote, enable a party to attain and remain in minority government. The members holding the balance of power may guarantee their support for a government by either joining it in a coalition government or by an assurance that they will vote against any motion of no confidence in the government or will abstain in such a vote. In return for such a commitment, such members may demand legislative or policy commitments from the party they are to support. A person or party may also hold a balance of power in a chamber without any commitment to government, in which case both the government and opposition groupings may on occasion need to negotiate for that person's or party's support.

Superdelegate is an unpledged delegate to the Democratic National Convention who is seated automatically and chooses for themselves for whom they vote.

Veto is the power used by an officer of the state to unilaterally stop an official action, especially the enactment of legislation. The veto allows the President to “check” the legislature by reviewing acts passed by Congress and blocking measures he finds unconstitutional, unjust, unwise, or, goes against their personal beliefs. Sometimes a president can veto something as a favor to a corporate interest. Congress's power to override the President's veto forms a “balance” between the branches on the lawmaking power. The president cannot veto a bill due to inaction; once the bill has been received by the president, the chief executive has thirty days to veto the bill. Repeal.

Reconciliation is a parliamentary procedure of the United States Congress that expedites the passage of certain budgetary legislation in the United States Senate. The Senate filibuster effectively requires a 60-vote super-majority for the passage of most legislation in the Senate, but reconciliation provides a process to prevent the use of the filibuster and thereby allow the passage of a bill with simple majority support in the Senate. The reconciliation procedure also exists in the United States House of Representatives, but reconciliation has had a less significant impact on that body. Reconciliation bills can be passed on spending, revenue, and the federal debt limit, and the Senate can pass one bill per year affecting each subject. Congress can thus pass a maximum of three reconciliation bills per year, though in practice it has often passed a single reconciliation bill affecting both spending and revenue. Policy changes that are extraneous to the budget are limited by the "Byrd Rule", which also prohibits reconciliation bills from increasing the federal deficit after a ten-year period or making changes to Social Security.

Parliamentarian is the official advisor to the United States Senate on the interpretation of Standing Rules of the United States Senate and parliamentary procedure. Incumbent parliamentarian Elizabeth MacDonough has held the office since 2012, appointed by then Majority Leader Harry Reid. As the Presiding Officer of the Senate may not be, and usually is not, aware of the parliamentary situation currently facing the Senate, a parliamentary staff sits second from the left on the Senate dais to advise the Presiding Officer on how to respond to inquiries and motions from Senators (including "the Sergeant at Arms will restore order in the gallery"). The role of the parliamentary staff is advisory, and the Presiding Officer may overrule the advice of the parliamentarian. In practice this is rare, and the most recent example of a Vice President (as President of the Senate) overruling the parliamentarian was Nelson Rockefeller in 1975. Parliamentarian is an expert on parliamentary procedure who advises organizations and deliberative assemblies. This sense of the term "parliamentarian" is distinct from the usage of the same term to mean a member of Parliament. The primary duty of the parliamentarian is to advise the presiding officer on questions of parliamentary law and matters of procedure. The parliamentarian should be assigned a seat near the presiding officer for convenient consultation. The presiding officer may call on the parliamentarian for advice at any time. Parliamentary procedure is the body of ethics, rules, and customs governing meetings and other operations of clubs, organizations, legislative bodies, and other deliberative assemblies. Loopholes.


Independent Voter - Not Passive or Moderate


IndependentsIndependent Voter is a unaffiliated voter who does not blindly favor a particular political party, but instead votes for candidates and issues logically rather than on the basis of a political ideology or partisanship, or by how much money they have. Independent is an Open Minded and Non-Conformist person. Nonbinary is not relating to, composed of, or involving just two things. Seeing the Full Picture. Broad-Based Party Politics.

Sovereign

Independent Voting - Green Party

Impartiality is an inclination to weigh both views or opinions equally. Mediation - Independent Third Party.

Impartial is showing lack of favoritism and free from undue bias or preconceived opinions. Bi-Partisan.

Neutrality is not taking sides or helping either side until all the facts have been presented in a conflict or disagreement. A neutral person holds back deciding views, expressions, or strong feelings until all the facts have been presented. Neutrality is not judging the validity of an opinion until all arguments have been heard. Neutral is synonymous with being unbiased and does not imply that a person is being Passive. It's being open minded and avoiding stubbornness.

Nonpartisanism is a lack of affiliation with a political party and a lack of bias toward a political party. Undivided.

Faithless Elector - Unpledged Electors

Secret Ballot is a voting method in which a voter's choices in an election or a referendum are private or anonymous, so as to avoid intimidation, blackmailing, and potential vote buying by corrupt people.

America is a single party nation with 2 wings, Democrat and Republican.

Conscience Vote is a type of vote in a legislative body where legislators are allowed to vote according to their own personal conscience rather than according to an official line set down by their political party.

Swing Vote is when a voter can vote for any candidate whether they are a democrat or a republican or an independent. A floating voter is a person who is not a firm supporter of any political party, and whose vote in an election is difficult to predict. The only allegiance a citizen should have is to the U.S. Constitution, which most Americans don't fully understand. (There is no swing voter. A swing voter is just a voter who's waiting to receive more information so that they can cast an informed vote.)

Tactical Voting occurs in elections with more than two candidates, when a voter supports another candidate more strongly than their sincere preference in order to prevent an undesirable outcome.

Vote Pairing occurs when two people commit to voting in a mutually agreed upon manner. Vote swapping is a common example of vote pairing, where a voter in one district agrees to vote tactically for a less-preferred candidate or party who has a greater chance of winning in their district, in exchange for a voter from another district voting tactically for the candidate the first voter prefers, because that candidate has a greater possibility of winning in that district.

Vote Splitting is an electoral effect in which the distribution of votes among multiple similar candidates reduces the chance of winning for any of the similar candidates, and increases the chance of winning for a dissimilar candidate.

I'm not picking sides, I'm only standing in front of you so that we can talk face to face.

Independent Politician may support policies that are different from those of the major political parties. Independent is having no affiliation and no social or business relationship that can corrupt or bribe a politician. An independent politician should always be willing to work together with other people just as long as it's the right thing to do. Fairness.

Centrism involves acceptance or support of a balance of a degree of social equality and a degree of social hierarchy, while opposing political changes which would result in a significant shift of society either strongly to the left or strongly to the right. Centrism believes that genuine solutions require realism and pragmatism, and not just idealism and emotion.

Centre-Left Politics are political views that lean to the left-wing on the left–right political spectrum, but closer to the centre than other left-wing politics. Those on the centre-left believe in working within the established systems to improve social justice. The centre-left promotes a degree of social equality that it believes is achievable through promoting equal opportunity. The centre-left has promoted luck egalitarianism, which emphasizes the achievement of equality requires personal responsibility in areas in control by the individual person through their abilities and talents as well as social responsibility in areas outside control by the individual person in their abilities or talents.

Outsider is a person not belonging to a particular group, set or party. An outsider stands outside the group looking in or observes a group from afar. Sometimes being unconnected or unacquainted or someone who doesn't fit in to what is considered to be the norm. A Non-Conformist.

Moderate is being within reasonable or average limits and not being excessive or extreme.

Moderates are individuals who are not stubborn or partisan, and are not radical or narrow minded. Moderates are people who are willing to make compromises based on fairness and the understanding of the needs of the less fortunate.

But what does a person really stand for and what do they truely believe in? If you are passive, then you are not helping anyone. If you are not sure where you stand, then you need to educate yourself and learn because there is no middle ground when people are dying and suffering. People need to defined what they stand for. "If you don't stand for something, then you will fall for something." Just saying that you're a Moderate is not a measurement of value or worth because you first have to define what the limits mean and what extreme means. You say you're in between something, but you don't clearly define the things that your are in between of and what being in-between actually means. We need to stop Generalizing and stop using Labels because things are Relative. So we need to know and stop pretending that we know.

Left–Right Political Spectrum is a general way of classifying political positions, ideologies and parties, from equality on the left to social hierarchy on the right. Left-wing politics and right-wing politics are often presented as opposed, although a particular individual or group may take a left-wing stance on one matter and a right-wing stance on another; and some stances may overlap and be considered either left- or right-wing depending on the ideology.

Left-Wing Politics supports social equality and egalitarianism, often in opposition to social hierarchy. It typically involves a concern for those in society whom its adherents perceive as disadvantaged relative to others as well as a belief that there are unjustified inequalities that need to be reduced or abolished.

Right-Wing Politics believe in certain social orders and hierarchies. Fascism in disguise.

Every voter should register as an independent to avoid being divided and biased, and also avoid being pandered to or manipulated, or cowed. This way people can vote for the most qualified person and not for the person with the most money or who is the most ignorant and corrupted.

JFK, the answer is responsibility Dumb or Dumber? Less Evil or More Evil? Democrat or Republican? Democrats are more educated than republicans for the simple fact that an educated person would never be a republican, because it goes against common sense and logical thinking. But just because democrats are more educated, this does not mean that democrats are educated enough or knowledgeable enough, because very few people on earth are educated enough to clearly understand the problems that we have in order to fix this dysfunctional system that was created out of ignorance and corruption. This is not to say that democrats are better, because the lesser of two evils is still evil. Some democrats pretend to be democrats, and they also sell out to criminal corporations the same way that republicans do. Scumbag politicians will exploit anyone with money, politicians will even exploit religious people by pretending to be religious. It's all an act to exploit peoples ignorance. Lies mixed with psychosis. Politicians will also exploit nationalities, ideologies, terrorists and even political and nonpolitical affiliations. And now that politicians have more access to peoples personal information, they will exploit any weakness a person has, like scammers and fraudsters do everyday. This is why we need competent and incorruptible representatives in all our government agencies. Ignorant and weak minded politicians cause too many problems, as we can clearly see now and throughout human history. But even if a competent and incorruptible person does make into a government position, they are still going to be marginalized and controlled by wealthy corporations and powerful people who only care about money. So we would have to remove the controlling influence of money first, if we don't, we will never have a true democracy.

Any politician can say that they're conservative or progressive, but when they are elected into office, they commit crimes against people and vote to destroy the environment, and that is not being conservative or progressive. So why do people in every election allow criminals to make fraudulent claims about who they're affiliated with and what they stand for, and also claim to hold the same values as people do? These lying criminals that you send to our government to represent you makes you a criminal by association. Even if you're passive or ignorant, you still give consent to these rapists. You're not fooling anyone anymore, you're just fooling yourself into believing the lies. If you just educate yourself and become more knowledgeable about yourself and the world around you, then you can be responsible for the improvements and save millions of lives, instead of being responsible for the destruction and the killing of millions of people. Good choices and better decisions can be made, but you have to learn how to make them.

Just because you elect a Democratic President, this doesn't mean you get rid of all the republicans still in government. So even if you do elect a democratic president, you still need to purge the republicans out of government. If you don't, then the democratic president will be hindered and ineffective when trying to make improvements.

Whether you have less of an as*hole (democrat), or more of an as*hole (republican), you still have an as*hole. So lets have no more as*holes. "No More As*holes" should be the next campaign slogan, we'll call it the Non-As*hole Party. Instead of one person, we send a team of scientists, mathematics experts, teachers and students, both men and women. There would also be a blind person, a deaf person, and a quadriplegia person, each of whom represents other people with similar disabilities. Our next president will not be one person, it will be a highly skilled team made up of the most intelligent people we have. A transparent open government controlled by people, instead of money. Of course we can have one person to represent the team, but they are just a representative and not a leader. "No more as*holes, no more as*holes, no more as*holes." I love Democracy, and I also love freedom of speech, the US Constitution rules baby. It's time to apply our knowledge instead of denying our knowledge. It's time.

"It's time to vote for the next mass murderer, which one will you vote for?" - "Elect and Regret"

Not to say that voting for politicians doesn't make a difference, I'm just saying if that's all you do is vote for politicians, then you will make very little difference, because voting for a politician is only 1% of the total responsibilities of all citizens. What you need to fully understand is that you actually vote everyday of your life by way of the choices you make. Everything you do is Cause and Effect. The problem is that most people have no idea of the effects that their Choices are making. Our Problems can only be fixed when every citizen is aware of their choices and options. Just voting for politicians just perpetuates our problems. Informing the public is the only sure way of correcting our problems and ridding our world of corruption, abuse and waste. So Vote for that, then all your problems will soon be solved. I wouldn't be surprised if voting turnout was 90%, because this type of voting could be done anywhere at anytime. So do you know what you're voting for?

"When I vote for a politician it's not that I approve of them, it's just I can tolerate their ignorance and criminal behavior a little more then the other idiot."


Elections


Election is a formal decision-making process by which a population chooses an individual to hold public office. Elections have been the usual mechanism by which modern representative democracy has operated since the 17th century. Elections may fill offices in the legislature, sometimes in the executive and judiciary, and for regional and local government. This process is also used in many other private and business organizations, from clubs to voluntary associations and corporations.

Primary Election is an election that narrows the field of candidates before an election for office. Other methods of selecting candidates include caucuses, conventions, and nomination meetings. Independent Voter.

General Election is an election in which all or most members of a given political body are chosen. These are usually held for a nation's primary legislative body, as distinguished from by-elections and local elections. In presidential systems, a general election is a regularly scheduled election where both the president, and either "a class" of or all members of the national legislature are elected at the same time but can also involve special elections held to fill prematurely vacated positions. A general election day may also include elections for local officials. Campaign Spending or Vote Buying?

Local Election is to select office-holders in local government, such as Mayors and Councillors. Elections to positions within a city or town are often known as "municipal elections". Their form and conduct vary widely across jurisdictions.

Midterm Election are the general elections held in November every four years, near the midpoint of a president's four-year term of office. Federal offices that are up for election during the midterms are members of the United States Congress, including all 435 seats in the United States House of Representatives, and the full terms for 33 or 34 of the 100 seats in the United States Senate. In addition, 34 of the 50 U.S. states elect their governors to four-year terms during midterm elections, while Vermont and New Hampshire elect governors to two-year terms in both midterm and presidential elections. Thus, 36 governors are elected during midterm elections. Many states also elect officers to their state legislatures in midterm years. There are also elections held at the municipal level. On the ballot are many mayors, other local public offices, and a wide variety of citizen initiatives.

Special Elections or By-Elections are used to fill elected offices that have become vacant between general elections. In most cases these elections occur after the incumbent dies or resigns, but they also occur when the incumbent becomes ineligible to continue in office (because of a recall, ennoblement, criminal conviction, or failure to maintain a minimum attendance). Less commonly, these elections have been called when a constituency election is invalidated by voting irregularities. In the United States, these contests have been called "special elections" because they do not always occur on Election Day like regular congressional elections. A 2016 study of special elections to the United States House of Representatives found "that while candidate characteristics affect special election outcomes, presidential approval is predictive of special election outcomes as well. Furthermore, we find that the effect of presidential approval on special election outcomes has increased in magnitude from 1995 to 2014, with the 2002 midterm representing an important juncture in the nationalization of special elections.

Runoff voting can refer to: Two-round system is a voting system used to elect a single winner, whereby only two candidates from the first round continue to the second round. Instant-runoff voting is an electoral system whereby voters rank the candidates in order of preference. Contingent vote is a two-round system of instant-runoff voting. Exhaustive ballot is a reiterative voting system, whereby rounds of voting continue (with or without elimination) until one candidate achieves a majority, also called repeated balloting.

Election Reform Information

Uncontested Elections are elections which were not held due to there only being a single candidate who could assume the position without the need for an election.

Condorcet Method is any election method that elects the candidate that would win by majority rule in all pairings against the other candidates, whenever one of the candidates has that property.

Closed Primary is when only voters registered with a given party can vote in that party's primary. States with closed primaries include party affiliation in voter registration so that the state has an official record of what party each voter is registered as.

Open Primaries is a primary election that does not require voters to be affiliated with a political party in order to vote for partisan candidates. In a traditional open primary, voters may select one party's ballot and vote for that party's nomination. In an open primary, voters of any affiliation may vote in the primary of any party. They cannot vote in more than one party's primary, although that prohibition can be difficult to enforce in the event a party has a primary runoff election. In many open primary states, voters do not indicate partisan affiliation when they register to vote. primaries for the 2016 presidential election, an Independent voter in an open primary state could have chosen to vote in the Democratic primary. However, they could not vote in the Republican primary as well. Primary Map.

Political Party is an organized group of people, often with common views, who come together to contest elections and hold power in the government. The party agrees on some proposed policies and programmes, with a view to promoting the collective good or furthering their supporters' interests. Divided.

Mixed Electoral System is an electoral system that combines a plurality/majoritarian voting system with an element of proportional representation.

Direct Election is a system of choosing political officeholders in which the voters directly cast ballots for the persons, or political party that they desire to see elected. The method by which the winner or winners of a direct election are chosen depends upon the electoral system used. The most commonly used systems are the plurality system and the two-round system for single-winner elections, such as a presidential election, and party-list proportional representation for the election of a legislature.

Double Direct Election is an election in which an individual is elected to two political offices in one electoral event.

Indirect Election is an election in which voters do not choose between candidates for an office, but elect people who then choose. It is one of the oldest forms of elections, and is still used today for many presidents, cabinets, upper houses, and supranational legislatures.


Election Interference - Fraud


Electoral Fraud is illegal interference with the process of an election. Acts of fraud affect vote counts to bring about an election result, whether by increasing the vote share of the favored candidate, depressing the vote share of the rival candidates, or both. What constitutes electoral fraud under law varies from country to country. Provisional Vote.

The 14th Amendment says that states that infringe the vote must lose representation in Congress. The 14th Amendment was designed to guard against the infringement of voting rights. The lost provision is simple: States that deny their citizens the right to vote will have reduced representation in the House of Representatives. From widespread closure of polling locations and expanding imposition of voter identification laws to escalating purges of voter rolls, assaults on the right to vote nationwide illustrate that we need these lost words back, urgently.

Enforcement Acts were three bills passed by the United States Congress between 1870 and 1871. They were criminal codes that protected African-Americans’ right to vote, to hold office, to serve on juries, and receive equal protection of laws.

Federal Prosecution of Election Offenses (PDF) - Revised August 2007.

Infringement is the action of breaking the terms of a law, agreement, etc.; a violation. The action of limiting or undermining something.

Suffrage is the right to vote in public elections. 19th Amendment prohibits denying the right to vote to citizens on the basis of sex.

A Start, Not A Finish For Suffrage | NPR (youtube) - On Aug. 26, 1920, the 19th amendment to the U.S. Constitution officially took effect when Secretary of State Bainbridge Colby signed a proclamation certifying its ratification. The amendment promised women that their right to vote would "not be denied" on account of sex.

Voter Suppression is a strategy to influence the outcome of an election by discouraging or preventing people from voting.

Wisconsin Republicans Insisted on an Election in a Pandemic on April 6th, 2020. Voters forced to choose between their health and their civic duty. Five polling places instead of 180. Mask-wearing voters in endless lines. The republican dominated state legislature, which has held a majority since 2011, due in part to gerrymandered maps, refused to entertain the Democratic governor’s request to mail absentee ballots to all voters or move the primary. Then the State Supreme Court, which is controlled by conservative justices, overturned the governor’s ruling to postpone the election until June. Wisconsin GOP Is risking voters’ lives to protect its minority rule.

99% of Voter Fraud is done be republican politicians, not voters. Republicans close voting places and make it harder for people to vote. Republicans even use the supreme court to attack voting rights, like they did in 2000 and again in 2013.

Stop the Steal, how about Stop the Bullshit scumbags - Republicans in 2021 advanced more than 100 bills that would restrict voting by introducing more suppressive laws that always have a greater burden on voters of color. Georgia Voting Laws.

Sidney Powell's legal defense excuse was that "Reasonable people wouldn't believe her election fraud claims". She's right, reasonable people' didn't believe her bullshit lies of election fraud claims. It was the ignorant morons that she was talking to that believed her lies. Sidney Powell knew how gullible republican voters are. This is the reason why she manipulated them. When you give an ignorant criminal a voice, there are plenty of naive ignorant people that will listen.

Shelby County v. Holder, 570 U.S. 529 (2013), was a landmark decision of the US Supreme Court regarding the constitutionality of two provisions of the Voting Rights Act of 1965: Section 5, which requires certain states and local governments to obtain federal preclearance before implementing any changes to their voting laws or practices; and Section 4(b), which contains the coverage formula that determines which jurisdictions are subjected to preclearance based on their histories of discrimination in voting. On June 25, 2013, the Court ruled by a 5-to-4 vote that Section 4(b) is unconstitutional because the coverage formula is based on data over 40 years old, making it no longer responsive to current needs and therefore an impermissible burden on the constitutional principles of federalism and equal sovereignty of the states. (note: what these ignorant conservative judges are saying is somehow they forgot why the act was implemented in the first place, which was to stop voter suppression and stop voters from being denied their right to vote. How can judges be allowed to use flawed reasoning and bullshit excuses when everyone else has to tell the truth and explain themselves?. That is some double standard bullshit.) The Court did not strike down Section 5, but without Section 4(b), no jurisdiction will be subject to Section 5 preclearance unless Congress enacts a new coverage formula. Some allege the ruling has made it easier for state officials to make it harder for ethnic minority voters to vote, which is proven with the evidence below. Research shows that preclearance led to increases in minority congressional representation and increases in minority turnout. Five years after the ruling, nearly 1,000 polling places had been closed in the U.S., with many of the closed polling places in predominantly African-American counties. Research shows that the changing of voter locations and reduction in voting locations can reduce voter turnout. There were also cuts to early voting, purges of voter rolls and imposition of strict voter ID laws. A 2020 study found that the jurisdictions which had previously been covered by preclearance massively increased the rate of voter registration purges after the Shelby decision. Virtually all restrictions on voting subsequent to the ruling were by Republicans.

Closing Polling Places and Moving Polling Places is Voter Suppression. In the five years since the U.S. Supreme Court struck down key parts of the Voting Rights Act, nearly a thousand polling places have been shuttered across the country, many of them in southern black communities.

Political Repression is the act of a state entity controlling a citizenry by force for political reasons, particularly for the purpose of restricting or preventing the citizenry's ability to take part in the political life of a society, thereby reducing their standing among their fellow citizens. Oppression - Threats.

Disenfranchise is to deprive someone of the right to vote. Deprive someone of a right or privilege.

Disfranchisement is the revocation of the right of suffrage (the right to vote) of a person or group of people, or through practices, prevention of a person exercising the right to vote. Disfranchisement is also termed to the revocation of power or control of a particular individual, community or being to the natural amenity they are abound in; that is to deprive of a franchise, of a legal right, of some privilege or inherent immunity. Disfranchisement may be accomplished explicitly by law or implicitly through requirements applied in a discriminatory fashion, intimidation, or by placing unreasonable requirements on voters for registration or voting.

Felony Disenfranchisement is the exclusion from voting of people otherwise eligible to vote (known as disfranchisement) due to conviction of a criminal offense, usually restricted to the more serious class of crimes: felonies (crimes of incarceration for a duration of more than a year). Jurisdictions vary as to whether they make such disfranchisement permanent, or restore suffrage after a person has served a sentence, or completed parole or probation. Felony disenfranchisement is one among the collateral consequences of criminal conviction and the loss of rights due to conviction for criminal offense. 6 million people can't vote because of felony convictions. 5.2 Million Americans will be disenfranchised in 2020 election due to felony convictions.

Bill number S.B. 233 includes restoring the right to vote for people on parole, and providing for automatic voter registration.

Felony Disenfranchisement: Last Week Tonight with John Oliver (HBO) (youtube) - Rick Scott is a criminal.

Voter Purging is when state and local officials remove a citizens name from the voter registration list or voter roll, so that the person cannot cast a vote or have their vote count because his or her name does not appear on the voter registration rolls.
Republicans regularly remove and purge citizens from voter rolls. In fact, 39 states and the District of Columbia reported purging more than 13 million voters from registration rolls between 2004 and 2006. In 2016, Indiana came under lawsuit for using software to purge voters that was described as "99% inaccurate".

Voter Caging is challenging the registration status of voters and calling into question the legality of allowing them to vote.
Voter caging is a tactic that specifically refers to times when a political party or another partisan organization sends registered mail to addresses of registered voters that they have identified as likely to be unfriendly to their candidate. All mail that is returned as undeliverable is placed on what is called a "caging list." The group that sent the mail then systematically uses this list to challenge the registration or right to vote of those names on it, on the grounds that if the voters were unreachable at the address listed on his or her voter registration, then their registration is fraudulent, and they should not be allowed to vote.

Voter-Purge Law has been declared illegal under the Voting Rights Act of 1965. The scam is to send out non-forwardable first-class mail to voters or particular voters they want to target, and if they don't answer, they deny their right to vote. It has been estimated that 24 million voter registrations in the United States—about one in eight—are either invalid or significantly inaccurate.

If you feel that you have been unjustly or illegally denied the right to vote, it’s recommended that to take the following steps: Inform the moderator of the polling place. File an official complaint with the State Elections Enforcement Commission by calling 1-866-733-2463 or the U.S. Department of Justice at 1-800-253-3931.

National Association of Secretaries of State was founded in 1904, is the oldest non-partisan professional organization of public officials in the United States, composed of the Secretaries of State of U.S. states and territories. Promotes positions on issues of interest to Secretaries of State: voter turnout, voting procedures, business services, electronic government, securities, and government archives. Postal Service will not be able to handle the expected flood of absentee ballots without a large infusion of funds, which trump opposes.

Mail in Voting. Hundreds of thousands of ballots go uncounted each year because people make mistakes, such as forgetting to sign the form or sending in mail in ballots too late. Those who use mail-in voting for the first time — especially young, Black and Latino voters — are more likely to have their ballots rejected because of errors. 65,000 absentee ballots or mail-in ballots have been rejected because they arrived past the deadline, often through no fault of the voter. Could prove crucial in a close election.

Naked Ballots are Mail-in Ballots sent without a proper envelope, which some areas have threatened that these votes cannot be counted because of the type of envelope it was sent in.

More Than 550,000 Primary Absentee Ballots Rejected In 2020, Far Outpacing 2016. Most absentee ballots or mail-in ballots are rejected because required signatures are missing or don't match the one on record, or because the ballot arrives too late. President Trump won Wisconsin in 2016 by almost 23,000 votes. More than 23,000 absentee ballots were rejected in the state's presidential primary in April. More than 37,000 primary ballots were also rejected in June in Pennsylvania, a state Trump won by just over 44,000 votes. Gerry Mandering.

You Can Fix a Rejected Ballot. In 18 states—including California, Florida, Georgia, Nevada, and Ohio—voters are automatically notified by the state of any discrepancies and given the opportunity to fix them. If there’s an issue with your ballot, election officials may contact you by mail, email, or phone alerting you to fix your ballot. If you don’t live in one of the states that automatically notify you about ballot concerns, you can track the status of your ballot to confirm that your ballot was received and counted. Many states allow voters to “cure”, or fix, their ballots if they have been initially rejected. Contact your local board of elections to learn about the ballot curing process in your state and ask how you can check the status of your ballot. Resolving issues with your ballot may involve signing an affidavit confirming the ballot was in fact yours, presenting appropriate identification, voting on a replacement ballot, or correcting your signature. How much time do I have to cure my ballot? That depends on where you live. Some states require all ballots be cured of deficiencies by Election Day. Other states allow ballot cures days after election night, so long as your ballot was initially received or postmarked by the appropriate deadline. Check with local election officials for information regarding your state’s ballot curing process. How quickly will my vote be counted? Most states will not begin counting ballots until Election Day, November 3, 2020. Many states however, can begin pre-process ballots days or even weeks before election day, allowing officials time to inspect ballots and notify voters of any discrepancies. A number of states, including Pennsylvania and Wisconsin, are legally required to wait until Election Day to begin ballot processing. Because of the differences in election laws across the country, and the surge in mail-in ballots this year, it’s likely we will not know the results of this election for days, or even weeks after election night. Reasons for ballot rejections include: Missing or using voter signatures that don’t match official records. Missing a witness signature or address. Failing to place your ballot in a secrecy envelope when required. Accidentally adding stray markings to your ballot.

The United States Elections Project is an information source for the United States electoral system. The mission of the project is to provide timely and accurate election statistics, electoral laws, research reports, and other useful information regarding the United States electoral system. By providing this information, the project seeks to inform the people of the United States on how their electoral system works, how it may be improved, and how they can participate in it.

Stanford-MIT Healthy Elections Project was developed to ensure that the 2020 election can proceed with integrity, safety, and equal access. We aim to do this by bringing together academics, civic organizations, election administrators, and election administration experts to assess and promote best practices.

Attack Adds - Media Manipulation (propaganda news)

Foreign Electoral Intervention are attempts by governments, covertly or overtly, to influence elections in another country. There are many ways that nations have accomplished regime change abroad, and electoral intervention is only one of those methods. False Flag Attacks (blame someone else for your crimes).

H. Rept. 116-246 - Stopping Harmful Interference in Elections for a lasting Democracy Act.

Direct-Recording Electronic Voting Machine records votes by means of a ballot display provided with mechanical or electro-optical components that can be activated by the voter (typically buttons or a touchscreen); that processes data by means of a computer program; and that records voting data and ballot images in memory components. After the election it produces a tabulation of the voting data stored in a removable memory component and as printed copy. The system may also provide a means for transmitting individual ballots or vote totals to a central location for consolidating and reporting results from precincts at the central location. The device started to be massively used in 1996, in Brazil, where 100% of the elections voting system is carried out using machines. In 2004, 28.9% of the registered voters in the United States used some type of direct recording electronic voting system, up from 7.7% in 1996.

Using a computer to cast votes and count votes - Electronic Voting.

Criminals in our government have been rigging elections and interfering with elections since the beginning. The fact that they blame others for interfering with elections is still just the same criminals in America interfering with elections, and they do this because they control the media. And America citizens are gullible and ignorant of this so they ignorantly believe that they understand or know the truth because they watch TV, go to school, read news papers and listen to the radio, the same things that criminals control.

Voter Registration Lookup - Am I Registered to VoteVoter Registration.

Voter ID is Discrimination - Last Week Tonight with John Oliver: Voting (HBO) (youtube)

Gerrymandering is a practice intended to establish a political advantage for a particular party or group by manipulating district boundaries and diluting the voting power of the opposing party's supporters across many districts, and packing concentrating the opposing party's voting power in one district to reduce their voting power in other districts. Gerrymandering is a form of partisan gerrymandering, where the redistricting is aimed to favor one political party or weaken another. Bipartisan gerrymandering that is used to protect incumbents by multiple political parties. Racial gerrymandering is aimed at weakening the power of a racial group. In 1968, over 50 years ago, people had already had fears and concerns about a National data bank and gerrymandering voters to rig elections. Four Corners Australian TV Program (wiki).

Cherry Picking Data (research fraud) - Electoral College (14 battleground states).

Politicians are choosing their voters instead of voters choosing them. This criminal activity needs to stop. This is like being able to choose your own Jury of 12 to Judge you during your murder trial.

Gerrymandering: Last Week Tonight with John Oliver (HBO) (youtube)

The Hofeller Files evidence of gerrymandering. Thomas Hofeller's work on political maps across the country — including in Arizona, Florida, Maryland, Mississippi, Missouri, Ohio, Tennessee and Virginia, as well as New York's Nassau County and Texas' Galveston and Nueces counties.

Electoral District is a territorial subdivision for electing members to a legislative body. Generally, only voters or constituents who reside within the district are permitted to vote in an election held there. From a single district, a single member or multiple members might be chosen. Members might be chosen by a first-past-the-post system or a proportional representative system, or another method entirely. Members might be chosen through an election with universal suffrage or an indirect election, or some other method. (Electoral district is also known as election precinct, legislative district, voting district, constituency, riding, ward, division, electoral area, or electorate).

Redistricting is the process of drawing electoral district boundaries in the United States.

Redistricting Electoral Boundaries is the process of drawing United States electoral district boundaries.

Proportional Representation characterizes electoral systems in which divisions in an electorate are reflected proportionately in the elected body. If n% of the electorate support a particular political party or set of candidates as their favorite, then roughly n% of seats will be won by that party or those candidates. The essence of such systems is that all votes contribute to the result—not just a plurality, or a bare majority. The most prevalent forms of proportional representation all require the use of multiple-member voting districts (also called super-districts), as it is not possible to fill a single seat in a proportional manner. In fact, PR systems that achieve the highest levels of proportionality tend to include districts with large numbers of seats.

Caucus is a meeting of supporters or members of a specific political party or movement.

Safe Harbor Deadline is the date by which all state-level election challenges, such as recounts and audits, are supposed to be completed.

Election Monitoring is the observation of an election by one or more independent parties, typically from another country or a non-governmental organization, primarily to assess the conduct of an election process on the basis of national legislation and international election standards. There are national and international election observers. Monitors do not directly prevent electoral fraud, but rather record and report such instances. Election observation increasingly looks at the entire electoral process over a longer period of time, rather than at election-day proceedings only. The legitimacy of an election can be affected by the criticism of monitors, provided that they are themselves seen as unbiased. A notable individual is often appointed honorary leader of a monitoring organization in an effort to enhance its own legitimacy. International election standards are a set of principles and implementation guidelines for elections which have basis in the public international human rights law instruments. Sources of these standards are international (universal and regional) treaties, international customary law, political commitments, and internationally agreed principles of good practice adopted by governmental and non-governmental organizations.

Elections Infrastructure Government Coordinating Council.
Cybersecurity & Infrastructure Security Agency.
Election Security

Polling Place is where voters cast their ballots in elections.

Election Official or Poll Worker is an official responsible for the proper and orderly voting at polling stations. The duties include signing in registered voters, explaining voting procedure and use of voting equipment, providing ballots, and monitoring the conduct of the election.

Federal Election Commission is an independent regulatory agency whose purpose is to enforce campaign finance law in United States federal elections. It currently lacks a quorum. Created in 1974 through amendments to the Federal Election Campaign Act, the commission describes its duties as "to disclose campaign finance information, to enforce the provisions of the law such as the limits and prohibitions on contributions, and to oversee the public funding of [p]residential elections." Federal Election Commission.

Election Commission is a body charged for overseeing the implementation of election procedures.

Electoral Registers - Voter Data Files is a listing of all those registered to vote in a particular area.

Voting Resources - Vote Smart - Big Vote - Fair Vote - Vote 411 - The Help America Vote Act - Ballot - Election Assistance - Election Data Services - Elections Training - Election Answers - Public Campaign - Rock the Vote - Fair Elections - Elections Network.

Mississippi Summer Project was a volunteer campaign in the United States launched in June 1964 to attempt to register as many African-American voters as possible in Mississippi. Blacks had been cut off from voting since the turn of the century due to barriers to voter registration and other laws. The project also set up dozens of Freedom Schools, Freedom Houses, and community centers in small towns throughout Mississippi to aid the local black population. The project was organized by the Council of Federated Organizations (COFO), a coalition of the Mississippi branches of the four major civil rights organizations (SNCC, CORE, NAACP, and SCLC). Most of the impetus, leadership, and financing for the Summer Project came from the SNCC. Bob Moses, SNCC field secretary and co-director of COFO, directed the summer project.

Voting in elections is simply not enough, and that goes for every country on this planet. And the evidence that just voting doesn't work is everywhere. You have to be able to understand the problems that society is faced with. That is the only sure way that our problems will ever be solved. And the only way to understand these problems, is by learning. Learning about the system, learning about your choices and options, and learning the facts. You also have to Learn the best ways to get the most important information that you need so that you are more aware and better informed on what actions you need to take. And learning to communicate effectively is a must. Of course there's more to learn then this, so lets get started.


Dark Money - Bribes - Quid Pro Quo


Lobbying is the act of attempting to influence decisions made by officials in a government, most often legislators or members of regulatory agencies. Lobbying is done by many types of people, associations and organized groups, including individuals in the private sector, corporations, fellow legislators or government officials, or advocacy groups or interest groups.

Bribery is just another word for Lobbying. It's like people giving money for protection. Coercion - Conspiracy.

Quid Pro Quo is a favor or an advantage given to someone with the understanding that the person giving the favor will get something in return. A favor for a favor, this for that, or something for something else. Exchange of goods or services of equivalent value.

Influence Peddling is the illegal practice of using one's influence in government or connections with persons in authority to obtain favours or preferential treatment for another, usually in return for payment. Nepotism - Privilege.

Vote Buying is illegal. But you can give tax breaks to people and do other favors to buy peoples votes. And people can ignorantly believe, or narrow mindedly believe, that because their stocks are up, or because their business is doing good, it must be from some politician that they voted for, without proving it or providing any evidence. Their own selfish gains is good enough for them to give them an excuse for being ignorant. Double Standards - Loopholes.

Expenditures to influence voting 18 U.S. Code § 597. Whoever makes or offers to make an expenditure to any person, either to vote or withhold his vote, or to vote for or against any candidate; and Whoever solicits, accepts, or receives any such expenditure in consideration of his vote or the withholding of his vote—Shall be fined under this title or imprisoned not more than one year, or both; and if the violation was willful, shall be fined under this title or imprisoned not more than two years, or both. How money controls who gets to be in office.

"Why become a politician when you can just buy one."

Jack Abramoff: The lobbyist's Playbook (youtube) - This Town: America's Gilded Capital (amazon)

Kickback is a form of
negotiated bribery or theft in which a commission is paid to the bribe-taker in exchange for services rendered.  The purpose of the kickback is usually to encourage the other party to cooperate in the illegal scheme. The kickback varies from other kinds of bribes in that there is implied collusion between agents of the two parties, rather than one party extorting the bribe from the other. The term "kickback" comes from colloquial English language, and describes the way a recipient of illegal gain "kicks back" a portion of it to another person for that person's assistance in obtaining it. Generally speaking, the remuneration (money, goods, or services handed over) is negotiated ahead of time. Misappropriation of Funds - What's In It For Me?

On The Take is accepting bribes or money in return for doing something wrong or illegal. Trying to profit in a personal and usually financial way from criminal activity. I Paid a Bribe.

Bid Rigging is a fraudulent scheme in procurement auctions resulting in non-competitive bids and can be performed by corrupt officials, by firms in an orchestrated act of collusion, or between officials and firms. This form of collusion is illegal in most countries. It is a form of price fixing and market allocation, often practiced where contracts are determined by a call for bids, for example in the case of government construction contracts. The typical objective of bid rigging is to enable the "winning" party to obtain contracts at uncompetitive prices (i.e., at higher prices if they are sellers, or lower prices if they are buyers). The other parties are compensated in various ways, for example, by cash payments, or by being designated to be the "winning" bidder on other contracts, or by an arrangement where some parts of the successful bidder's contract will be subcontracted to them. In this way, they "
share the spoils" among themselves. Bid rigging almost always results in economic harm to the agency which is seeking the bids, and to the public, who ultimately bear the costs as taxpayers or consumers. Loopholes - Monopoly.

Bidding is a competitive offer to set a price tag by an individual or business for a product or service or a demand that something be done. Bidding does not determine the value or the actual cost of a product or service, it only determines the price that someone is willing to pay.

False Claims Act is an American federal law that imposes liability on persons and companies and federal contractors who defraud governmental programs. The law includes a qui tam provision that allows people who are not affiliated with the government, called "relators" under the law, to file actions on behalf of the government (informally called "whistleblowing" especially when the relator is employed by the organization accused in the suit). False Advertising - Contradictions.

There is No Democracy behind Closed Doors. - Robert Greenwald's "Koch Brothers Exposed" (youtube) - The Abuse of Power. Government Crimes.

Operation Warp Speed is issuing billions of dollars' worth of coronavirus vaccine contracts to companies through a nongovernment intermediary, bypassing the regulatory oversight and transparency of traditional federal contracting mechanisms. Instead of entering into contracts directly with vaccine makers, more than $6 billion in Operation Warp Speed funding has been routed through a defense contract management firm called Advanced Technologies International, Inc. ATI then awarded contracts to companies working on COVID-19 vaccines. Vaccine contracts awarded this way include $1.6 billion for Novavax, $1.95 billion for Pfizer, $1.79 billion for Sanofi and $1 billion for Johnson & Johnson. Federal Acquisition Regulation cover many of the contracts issued by the US Military and NASA.
Other Transactions are legally binding instruments that may be used to engage industry and academia for a broad range of research and prototyping activities.  An “other transaction” agreement comes in a variety of forms and is typically distinguished according to whether its purpose is for research or a prototype.


Foreign Agents Registration Act is a United States law passed in 1938 requiring that agents representing the interests of foreign powers in a "political or quasi-political capacity" disclose their relationship with the foreign government and information about related activities and finances. The purpose is to facilitate "evaluation by the government and the American people of the statements and activities of such persons."

Foreign Corrupt Practices Act is a United States federal law that prohibits U.S. citizens and entities from bribing foreign government officials to benefit their business interests. Foreign Corrupt Practices Act addresses accounting transparency requirements under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 and another concerning bribery of foreign officials.

Use of Public Office for Private Gain - 5 CFR § 2635.702. An employee shall not use his public office for his own private gain, for the endorsement of any product, service or enterprise, or for the private gain of friends, relatives, or persons with whom the employee is affiliated in a nongovernmental capacity, including nonprofit organizations of which the employee is an officer or member, and persons with whom the employee has or seeks employment or business relations. The specific prohibitions set forth in paragraphs (a) through (d) of this section apply this general standard, but are not intended to be exclusive or to limit the application of this section. (a) Inducement or coercion of benefits. An employee shall not use or permit the use of his Government position or title or any authority associated with his public office in a manner that is intended to coerce or induce another person, including a subordinate, to provide any benefit, financial or otherwise, to himself or to friends, relatives, or persons with whom the employee is affiliated in a nongovernmental capacity.

Cronyism is the practice of partiality in awarding jobs and other advantages to friends or trusted colleagues, especially in politics and between politicians and supportive organizations. For instance, this includes appointing "cronies" to positions of authority, regardless of their qualifications. Cronyism exists when the appointer and the beneficiary such as an appointee are in social or business contact. Often, the appointer needs support in his or her own proposal, job or position of authority, and for this reason the appointer appoints individuals who will not try to weaken his or her proposals, vote against issues, or express views contrary to those of the appointer. Politically, "cronyism" is derogatorily used to imply buying and selling favors, such as: votes in legislative bodies, as doing favors to organizations, giving desirable ambassadorships to exotic places, etc. Whereas cronyism refers to partiality to a partner or friend, nepotism is the granting of favors to relatives.

Money Laundering is the act of concealing the transformation of profits from illegal activities and corruption into ostensibly "legitimate" assets. The dilemma of illicit activities is accounting for the origin of the proceeds of such activities without raising the suspicion of law enforcement agencies.

Untraceable Money is the same as money laundering. Someone stole money and now they want to use it to steal more money, or too buy favors from people, which is they same as extortion and bribing. Information subsidy is also another word for extortion and bribing. Lobbyist is just another word for bribery. You don't vote for a lobbyist, so who do they represent?

Dark Money are donations or External Gifts from corporations, organizations or individuals who do not reveal their real names or the source of their money which they give that is used to bribe or influence actions or behaviors that cannot be supported publicly because they are terroristic or wrong or bad. Research Corruption.

Blood Money
is obtained at the cost of another's life or at the cost of the environment. Blood Money can also mean money paid to the family of a murder victim. Deals with the Devil.

Blood Diamond are diamonds mined in a war zone and sold to finance an insurgency, an invading army's war efforts, or a warlord's activity. Deep State - Campaign Contributions.

Hush Money is money paid to someone in exchange for their silence so as to prevent them from disclosing any information that would warn other people about some illegal activity or shameful behavior or other facts about the person or party who has paid someone to keep them silent. Bribe - Blackmail - Passive - Accessory.

If you're paid to look the other way, that will eventually leave you standing in a corner. So you can look away all you want, but you will always be facing a wall. There is only one escape from this ignorance, and that one thing is called learning. You don't have to make bad choices, all you have to do is keep learning how to make good choices. The power and potential of learning is endless. But you will never have this power and potential if you stop learning. If you make learning a habit and a daily ritual, you will cure every bad habit that this world is suffering from. Willful Blindness - Passive - Dissonance.

You don't have a Democracy when politicians and representatives can be bought with money. It's not who has the most votes, but who takes the most money from lobbyists. Lobbyists act to influence decisions made by officials in a government, most often legislators or members of regulatory agencies. But the worse thing is, a lot of politicians become lobbyists after they leave office, so not only do they stab everyone in the back when they're in office, they continue to steal and murder in the name of money and corporate greed. Favors for Murder.

Protection Racket is a scheme whereby a group provides protection to businesses or other groups through coercion or violence that is outside the sanction of the law—in other words, a racket that sells security, traditionally physical security but now also computer security. Through the credible threat of repercussions or violence, the racketeers deter people from swindling, robbing, injuring, sabotaging or otherwise harming their clients. Protection rackets tend to appear in markets where the police and judiciary cannot be counted on to provide legal protection, either because of incompetence (as in weak or failed states) or illegality (black markets). Protection rackets are indistinguishable in practice from extortion rackets, and distinguishable from private security, by some degree of implied threat that the racketeers themselves may attack the business if it fails to pay for their protection. A distinction is possible between a "pure" extortion racket, in which the racketeers might only agree not to attack a business, and a broader protection racket offering some real private security along with some extortion on the side, in which the criminals might agree to defend a business from any attack by either themselves or third parties (other criminal gangs). However, this distinction is moot in reality because extortion racketeers may have to defend their clients against rival gangs if only to avoid losing their cash cows. By corollary, criminal gangs may have to maintain control of territories (turfs), because local businesses don't have enough revenue to feed countless parasites without financially collapsing and thus the parasites must compete for hosts. Certain scholars, such as Diego Gambetta, classify criminal organizations engaged in protection racketeering as "mafia", as the racket is popular with both the Sicilian Mafia and Italian-American Mafia.

There is around 50 lobbyists for every politician that we have. And lobbyists are there to bribe and manipulate politicians and undermine the constitution and our democracy. This is not just a disgrace, this is an attack on Americans and people all over the world.

A widely used Loophole for Funneling Secret "Dark Money" into Political Ads closed. "Super PACs" (which can raise and spend unlimited funds) and regular political action committees (which raise money via contributions capped at $5,000 per election).

OECD Anti-Bribery Convention aimed at reducing political corruption and corporate crime in developing countries, by encouraging sanctions against bribery in international business transactions carried out by companies based in the Convention member countries. Its goal is to create a truly level playing field in today's international business environment. The Convention requires adherents to criminalize acts of offering or giving bribe, but not of soliciting or receiving bribes.

Special Interest is a person or group seeking to influence legislative or government policy and sometimes to further their own narrowly defined interests.

Special Interest Group is a community within a larger organization with a shared interest in advancing a specific area of knowledge, learning or technology where members cooperate to affect or to produce solutions within their particular field, and may communicate, meet, and organize conferences. The term was used in 1961 by the Association for Computing Machinery (ACM), an academic and professional computer society. SIG was later popularized on CompuServe, an early online service provider, where SIGs were a section of the service devoted to particular interests. Not the same as public interest.

The publics only chance is to educate themselves with the necessary knowledge and information so that they can finds ways to make long lasting improvements instead of just waiting for old age that will be filled with suffering and more corruption. Deciding not to vote for politicians is your right, but it's a huge mistake if you exercise only that right and nothing more.

"American citizens have been excommunicated from our so called democratic government."

"I apologize to the people of the world who have suffered from the ignorant actions of my Government and by the People in Power who have exploited and manipulated our Country. Our Democracy and our Constitution is being undermined and abused. Please bear with us as we go through these much needed changes. We will share with you everything that we learn from this process called Improvements, so that you may use this information to help make improvements in your area of the world if needed. And please remember to keep educating yourself because you cannot fight ignorance without the necessary knowledge and information that is needed to define our mistakes, and at the same time, come up with logical solutions that will help correct them."

Activism - Won't Get Fooled Again (youtube)

"I don't judge a country by their leaders, I judge a country by it's people, and as far as I can see, every country on this planet is full of good people. Most leaders are ignorant and corrupt and not the citizens who temporally live under their rule. Don't judge a book by it's cover and don't judge a country by their leaders."



Government Spending - Budgets - Audits


Discretionary Spending Pie Chart Government Budget Balance is the overall difference between government revenues and spending. A positive balance is called a government budget surplus, and a negative balance is a government budget deficit. A budget is prepared for each level of government (from national to local) and takes into account public social security obligations.

Government spends roughly $10.5 billion per day.

United States Federal Budget (wiki) - Federal Tax revenue by State (wiki)

Monthly Treasury Statement (MTS)

Treasury - IRS - Economics (GDP) - Trade Deficit

USA Facts Government financial data from 70 Government sources. Including revenue, spending balance sheets, government employment, and government-run businesses. Explore Families & Individuals, Demographics, and Population Change.

Accounting (financial advice - budgets)

Austerity is a set of economic policies implemented with the aim of reducing government budget deficits. Policies grouped under the term 'austerity measures' may include spending cuts, tax increases, or a mixture of both, and may be undertaken to demonstrate the government's fiscal discipline to creditors and credit rating agencies by bringing revenues closer to expenditures.

Audit is a systematic and independent examination of books to determine how much money is coming in and how the money was spent? To do this you would have to check all accounts, statutory records, documents and vouchers of an organization to ascertain how far the financial statements as well as non-financial disclosures present a true and fair view of the concern. It also attempts to ensure that the books of accounts are properly maintained by the concern as required by law. Model Audit (wiki)

Misappropriations - Theft - National Debt

Federal Tax Revenue for 2015 Auditor General is a senior civil servant charged with improving government Accountability by auditing and reporting on the government's operations. (also known in some countries as a comptroller general or comptroller and auditor general).

Military Spending Audits (war stats).

Expense is an outflow of money to another person or group to pay for an item or service, or for a category of costs. Rent, food, clothing, energy, furniture, loans, education, cleaning supplies, or an automobile is often referred to as an expense. An expense is a cost that is "paid" or "remitted", usually in exchange for something of value.

Expense Report is a form of document that contains all the expenses that an individual has incurred as a result of the business operation.

Operating Expense is an ongoing cost for running a product, business, or system. Its counterpart, a capital expenditure (capex), is the cost of developing or providing non-consumable parts for the product or system. For example, the purchase of a photocopier involves capex, and the annual paper, toner, power and maintenance costs represents opex. For larger systems like businesses, opex may also include the cost of workers and facility expenses such as rent and utilities. In business, an operating expense is a day-to-day expense such as sales and administration, or research & development, as opposed to production, costs, and pricing. In short, this is the money the business spends in order to turn inventory into throughput. On an income statement, "operating expenses" is the sum of a business's operating expenses for a period of time, such as a month or year. Waste (Capital Expenditures).

Operating Cost are the expenses which are related to the operation of a business, or to the operation of a device, component, piece of equipment or facility. They are the cost of resources used by an organization just to maintain its existence. Equipment operating costs may include: Salaries or Wages of personnel , Advertising, Raw materials, License or equivalent fees (such as Corporation yearly registration fees) imposed by a government. Real estate expenses, including Rent or Lease payments, Office space rent, furniture and equipment. Investment value of the funds used to purchase the land, if it is owned instead of rented or leased, property taxes and equivalent assessments, Operations taxes, such as fees assessed on transportation carriers for use of highways, Fuel costs such as power for operations, fuel for production. Public Utilities such as telephone service, Internet connectivity, etc. Maintenance of equipment. Office supplies and consumables. Insurance premium. Depreciation of equipment and eventual replacement costs (unless the facility has no moving parts it probably will wear out eventually). Damage due to uninsured losses, accident, sabotage, negligence, terrorism and routine wear and tear. Taxes on production or operation (such as subsidence fees imposed on oil wells). Income taxes?

Capital Expenditure is the money a company spends to buy, maintain, or improve its fixed assets, such as buildings, vehicles, equipment, or land. It is considered a capital expenditure when the asset is newly purchased or when money is used towards extending the useful life of an existing asset, such as repairing the roof.

Cash Flow Statement is a financial statement that shows how changes in balance sheet accounts and income affect cash and cash equivalents, and breaks the analysis down to operating, investing and financing activities. Essentially, the cash flow statement is concerned with the flow of cash in and out of the business. The statement captures both the current operating results and the accompanying changes in the balance sheet. As an analytical tool, the statement of cash flows is useful in determining the short-term viability of a company, particularly its ability to pay bills. International Accounting Standard 7 (IAS 7), is the International Accounting Standard that deals with cash flow statements. People and groups interested in cash flow statements include: Accounting personnel, who need to know whether the organization will be able to cover payroll and other immediate expenses. Potential lenders or creditors, who want a clear picture of a company's ability to repay. Potential investors, who need to judge whether the company is financially sound. Potential employees or contractors, who need to know whether the company will be able to afford compensation. Shareholders or citizens who have stake in the business.

Cash Flow describes a real or virtual movement of money: A cash flow in its narrow sense is a payment (in a currency), especially from one central bank account to another; the term 'cash flow' is mostly used to describe payments that are expected to happen in the future, are thus uncertain and therefore need to be forecasted with cash flows; a cash flow is determined by its time t, nominal amount N, currency CCY and account A; symbolically CF = CF(t,N,CCY,A). It is however popular to use cash flow in a less specified sense describing (symbolic) payments into or out of a business, project, or financial product. Cash flows are narrowly interconnected with the concepts of value, interest rate and liquidity. A cash flow that shall happen on a future day tN can be transformed into a cash flow of the same value in t0.

Income Statement or profit and loss account (also referred to as a profit and loss statement (P&L), statement of profit or loss, revenue statement, statement of financial performance, earnings statement, operating statement, or statement of operations) is one of the financial statements of a company and shows the company’s revenues and expenses during a particular period. It indicates how the revenues (money received from the sale of products and services before expenses are taken out, also known as the “top line”) are transformed into the net income (the result after all revenues and expenses have been accounted for, also known as “net profit” or the “bottom line”). The purpose of the income statement is to show managers and investors whether the company made or lost money during the period being reported.

Bottom Line is the final total of an account, balance sheet, or other financial document. The underlying or ultimate outcome or criterion. The bottom line is a company's income after all expenses have been deducted from revenues. These expenses include interest charges paid on loans, general and administrative costs, and income taxes. A company's bottom line can also be referred to as net earnings or net profits.

Receipt is a written acknowledgment that a person has received money or property in payment following a sale or other transfer of goods or provision of a service. All receipt must have the date of purchase on them. If the recipient of the payment is legally required to collect sales tax or VAT from the customer, the amount would be added to the receipt and the collection would be deemed to have been on behalf of the relevant tax authority. In many countries, a retailer is required to include the sales tax or VAT in the displayed price of goods sold, from which the tax amount would be calculated at point of sale and remitted to the tax authorities in due course. Similarly, amounts may be deducted from amounts payable, as in the case of wage withholding taxes. On the other hand, tips or other gratuities given by a customer, for example in a restaurant, would not form part of the payment amount or appear on the receipt. Document.

Balance Sheet is a summary of the Financial balances of an individual or organization, whether it be a sole proprietorship, a business partnership, a corporation, private limited company or other organization such as Government or not-for-profit entity. Assets, liabilities and ownership equity are listed as of a specific date, such as the end of its Financial year. A balance sheet is often described as a "snapshot of a company's financial condition". Of the four basic financial statements, the balance sheet is the only statement which applies to a single point in time of a business' calendar year. A standard company balance sheet has two sides: assets, on the left and financing, which itself has two parts, liabilities and ownership equity, on the right. The main categories of assets are usually listed first, and typically in order of liquidity. Assets are followed by the liabilities. The difference between the assets and the Liabilities is known as equity or the net assets or the net worth or capital of the company and according to the accounting equation, net worth must equal assets minus Liabilities. Another way to look at the balance sheet equation is that total assets equals liabilities plus owner's equity. Looking at the equation in this way shows how assets were financed: either by borrowing money (liability) or by using the owner's money (owner's or shareholders' equity). Balance sheets are usually presented with assets in one section and Liabilities and net worth in the other section with the two sections "balancing". A business operating entirely in cash can measure its profits by withdrawing the entire bank balance at the end of the period, plus any cash in hand. However, many businesses are not paid immediately; they build up inventories of goods and they acquire buildings and equipment. In other words: businesses have assets and so they cannot, even if they want to, immediately turn these into cash at the end of each period. Often, these businesses owe money to suppliers and to tax authorities, and the proprietors do not withdraw all their original capital and profits at the end of each period. In other words, businesses also have liabilities.

Accountability - Transparency - Free Money

Global Maximum, also known as an absolute maximum, is the largest overall value of a set, function, etc., over its entire range. It is almost impossible to construct an algorithm that will find a global maximum for an arbitrary function.
Maxima and Minima of a function, known collectively as extrema (the plural of extremum), are the largest and smallest value of the function, either within a given range (the local or relative extrema) or on the entire domain of a function (the global or absolute extrema). Counting the things that Matter.

Deficit Spending is the amount by which spending exceeds revenue over a particular period of time, also called simply deficit, or budget deficit; the opposite of budget surplus. The term may be applied to the budget of a government, private company, or individual. Government deficit spending is a central point of controversy in economics. Financial Advice.

Debt Ceiling or debt limit is a legislative limit on the amount of national debt that can be issued by the US Treasury, thus limiting how much money the federal government may borrow. The debt ceiling is an aggregate figure which applies to the gross debt, which includes debt in the hands of the public and in intra-government accounts. (About 0.5% of debt is not covered by the ceiling.) Because expenditures are authorized by separate legislation, the debt ceiling does not directly limit government deficits. In effect, it can only restrain the Treasury from paying for expenditures and other financial obligations after the limit has been reached, but which have already been approved (in the budget) and appropriated. When the debt ceiling is actually reached without an increase in the limit having been enacted, Treasury will need to resort to "extraordinary measures" to temporarily finance government expenditures and obligations until a resolution can be reached. The Treasury has never reached the point of exhausting extraordinary measures, resulting in default, although on some occasions, Congress appeared like it would allow a default to take place. If this situation were to occur, it is unclear whether Treasury would be able to prioritize payments on debt to avoid a default on its bond obligations, but it would at least have to default on some of its non-bond payment obligations. A protracted default could trigger a variety of economic problems including a financial crisis, and a decline in output that would put the country into an economic recession. Management of the United States public debt is an important part of the macroeconomics of the United States economy and finance system, and the debt ceiling is a constraint on the executive's ability to manage the U.S. economy. There is debate, however, on how the U.S. economy should be managed, and whether a debt ceiling is an appropriate mechanism for restraining government spending.

Stopgap Spending Bill

Government shutdown in the United States is the process the Executive Branch must enter into when Congress and the President fail to pass legislation funding government operations and agencies. If interim or full-year appropriations are not enacted into law, the current interpretation of the Antideficiency Act requires that the federal government begin a "shutdown" of the affected activities, often involving the furlough of non-essential personnel and curtailment of agency activities and services. Programs that are funded by laws other than annual appropriations acts (like Social Security) also may be affected by a funding gap, if program execution relies on activities that receive annually appropriated funding. Although the term government shutdown usually refers to what occurs at the federal level, shutdowns have also occurred at the state/territorial and local levels of government.

Individual Taxes vs Corporate Taxes Open CT centralizes state financial information to make it easier to follow state dollars. Find out where deficits or surpluses come from. Find out how much was paid for a particular vendor or program. Find out what to expect in future years. It’s your money. You have a right to know. Open Payroll Ct.

Earmark is a provision that directs approved funds to be spent on specific projects, or that directs specific exemptions from taxes or mandated fees.

Federal Tax Revenue exceeded $3 trillion in fiscal year 2014. In 2015, total federal revenues in fiscal year 2015 are expected to be $3.18 trillion.
Revenues come from three major sources:
Income taxes paid by individuals: $1.48 trillion, or 47% of all tax revenues. Excise Tax - Sales Tax
Payroll taxes paid jointly by workers and employers: $1.07 trillion, 34% of all tax revenues.
Corporate income taxes paid by businesses: $341.7 billion, or 11% of all tax revenues.

Tax Dollars Spent Discretionary Spending is government spending implemented through an appropriations bill. This spending is an optional part of fiscal policy, in contrast to entitlement programs for which funding is mandatory and determined by the number of eligible recipients. Some examples of areas funded by discretionary spending are national defense, foreign aid, education and transportation.

National Priorities - Military Spending

We have been fools for to long to believe that Government Agencies alone are going to be effective and efficient enough to fulfill the necessary responsibilities of a particular service to the people. People need to understand that these agencies can only do so much. And when people in power can be corrupted by money, they will be even more ineffective, and they will never do what is right or what is good and fair for everyone. People need to be more informed, and people need to understand their responsibilities, responsibilities that are required in order for improvements to be successful. Citizens need to be very much apart of the implementing process, the more people involved, the less enforcement of the laws and rules will be needed. You can't expect someone else to look out for your best interest if all you're going to do is expect someone else to look out for your best interest. Everyone needs to learn to share responsibilities, it's the only way for humans to live in harmony and to live in peace.

Why is it so hard to follow your own Rules? What's the difference between a Reason and a Lie

Verification Theory

"The only government cover-up you should be worried about is knowing "Who's Really in Charge?"

"If a politician is just another word for a shill then consumer protection should also protect us from our Government."

"imagine getting a job just because people voted for you. Imagine if you wanted to be an engineer but had no school or training, and all you had to do to get this job is to get people to vote for you, well you would totally suck, as most politicians do. So why don't we have skill and knowledge requirements for political positions? Is it because you voted for morons? Probably."

"It's either there is not enough people for the job or someone is not doing their job?Monitor

"Politicians talk a lot but they hardly never say anything important, honest or insightful. And yes you are a Liar, because if you say something that you purposely want to be Interpreted in the wrong way, you are a liar. (Baseless Claims) ...More...

"How do you create an Internal Affairs for Government and how would you protect those people who work for Internal affairs from corruption?" 

"Decisions are being made right now. The question is: Are you making them for yourself, or are you letting others make them for you?" 

Civil Liberties

If you See Something, Say Something...I see corruption, criminals in power, waste, abuse, suffering, propaganda, pollution and avoidable deaths..and that's everyday.

You either learn how the government and the world works or you can just trust that people in power will do the right thing. And as you can clearly see just trusting people hasn't been working out to well. It's not a good idea to put your future into someone else's hands, especially when you know nothing about what those hands are doing behind your back. Put life in your hands, Learn?

"Rational Ignorance is an oxymoron. If you believe that these two words can be combined and somehow made into a definition that makes sense, then yes you are a moron."

"The government is an extension of yourself, so if you don't know yourself, you can't improve yourself."

One of the worst things about trying to communicate with government offices is that you always get the run around. No one wants to be straight forward and honest with you. They're always Beating around Bush and making you Jump through Hoops. Forcing people to go here and there and go from person to person just to get a simple answer. It's almost like people plan to act ignorant incompetent. Maybe to discourage you, or maybe to punish you for making them do their job. And then some will even say it's not my job, but that's a lie. They're just being disrespectful, and there is no need for that kind of behavior. It's almost like Customer Service does not exist.

Politician with a mask Power Corruption - Films that talk about the Abuses of Power

War - Morals - Ethics - Intelligence - Interpersonal intelligence (people smart)

Civic Character - Responsibilities of Political Offices - Citizen Responsibilities.

Political Systems - City Planning - Worker Alternatives - Money Alternatives

If you see something, say something - Activism - Petitioning 

Human Rights - Civil Rights - The American Dream

Documentation and procedures to improve awareness and accountability of Politicians. Justify, report and verify and don't forget to do the math. Elaborate.



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