Media Literacy - Media Education


Media Literacy is the ability to think critically about all media sources and how these information outlets can have an effect on human behavior, as well as effecting the freedom of expression and human rights. Media Literacy requires critical analysis of information that goes way beyond normal reading comprehension. Every citizen must be skillful in detecting propaganda, censorship, social engineering and bias that is in news and in public affairs programming, such as TV, News Papers, Radio, The Internet and Movies, as well as other public places where information is presented. People need to understand that media ownership and its funding model, has an effect on the information presented. Even simple story telling needs awareness.

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News Women in Front of Movie Camera Who Decides? Who's deciding what information you should have? The fact is, most of the time, people will not know the source of the information that they are receiving, or know any of the true sources of the information that they have received previously over the years. Even if a person knew the name of the person or persons who provided the information, this does not guarantee accuracy. This is why it's absolutely essential for a person to know how to analyze information. If a person can't recognize false information, or recognize accurate information, then a person will be extremely vulnerable to making mistakes, and also suffer from confusion. A person should be able to objectively understand their current level of knowledge, and also understand the information they have, so they can then compare things and recognize any patterns that will help them to process the information accurately without any biases or errors. A persons whole life greatly depends on them knowing how to accurately interpret information. Without this skill, life is a struggle, as we can clearly see all around the world. Knowledge Divide - Information Bubbles.

We have great journalists all over the world, but too many great journalists are being censored and many have been murdered. So all we have now in 2020 is mostly Corporate Sponsored Media, Corporate Sponsored Government and Corporate Sponsored Schools. They provide just enough truth to give you the illusion that you're learning something. There is never enough information that would help you to accurately understand a particular subject. Don't be gullible.

TV Negative Effects - Marketing - Media Education - Movies

If you don't speak the language then you have no idea what people are really saying, and propaganda is a language. Corporations are now using artificial intelligence, which will increase the amount of propaganda. Bubble.

Why the News can be Dangerous - Propaganda - Media Circus

TV News is mostly for 2 year olds who like to have someone to read to them. Passive Indoctrination.

Media Bias is the bias or perceived bias of journalists and news producers within the mass media in the selection of many events and stories that are reported and how they are covered. The term "media bias" implies a pervasive or widespread bias contravening the standards of journalism, rather than the perspective of an individual journalist or article. The direction and degree of media bias in various countries is widely disputed.

Filter Bubbles - Echo Chambers - False-Consensus Effect.

The media is filled with too many distractions and ignorant reactions and not enough retractions, which produces No positive actions. Attention theft that steals your time. Welcome To The Machine - Pink Floyd (youtube).

The War for your Mind is Raging, and too many minds have already been injured. It is the battle for the mind that is doing most of the damage and destruction in this world. The war for the control of the human mind is a battle that will never be won. This war is pure evil. Peace of mind is the only natural state the mind is made for. Humans need to guard their minds with knowledge.

The Media is just like a Drug Dealer. The media has a product that wants you to feel good about yourself and feel good about being ignorant. This way people keep coming back for more, just like an addict does. The dealer does not want you to become educated and more knowledgeable. The dealer just wants you to believe that your are being informed so that you keep coming back for more, just like a mindless addict does over and over again. We live in a system that deliberately keeps people in the dark, while at the same time, overloads people with with useless information. We are not giving people the most important knowledge and information that they need, and this is because we don't even teach this responsibility of communication in schools, or any where else. This is a serious human flaw that needs to be corrected. Thousands of people are dying everyday, and millions more are suffering everyday all because of this communication flaw. And on top of that, what little information and knowledge that people are receiving is fragmented, distorted or too general or vague, and most people don't even know this because they have never learned how to analyze information for accuracy, or have people learned how to Detect Lies. Most people don't even know when to seek out more information. This is not saying that there's no Real Journalism, because there is, it's just that good journalism is mostly suppressed. And the worst part is, too many people mistakenly believe that they know enough, which creates a false sense of security, and a distorted reality with devastating results. There is nothing more damaging to a person than the illusion that they are learning something valuable. If a person thinks they are learning enough, or if a person thinks they are learning the right things, then this illusion will most likely end in catastrophe. And this degradation will be so gradual over time that a person will not even notice the mistakes they are making until it's too late. Just because you watch the news on TV, or read news papers, or read books, or go to schools, this does not mean that you are learning enough, or does it mean that you are learning the right things at the right time, in fact, most people waste time learning the wrong things at the wrong time, with devastating consequences. Most of the News is a Scam, it's a fraud and it's a criminal act. It just gives people the illusion that they are being informed about themselves and the world around them. The same way that schools give the illusion that students are being educated and are learning the most valuable knowledge and information, which is also a lie, a scam and a criminal act. Rackets. Of course this is not saying that there isn't any Great Journalists and Great Teachers, because there are millions of amazing Journalists and Teachers, it's just that they're being suppressed and under utilized by the people who control the media and education.

Agnotology is the study of culturally induced ignorance or doubt, particularly the publication of inaccurate or misleading scientific data.

Everyone is a Targeted Individual. Spam - Click Bait - Enabler - Talking Sh*t - False-Flag

If you know how to read, then why would you have some stranger on the TV news read to you as if you were a child listening to a bed time story. It's time to grow up, you're not a baby any more. It's time to act like a grownup and use that brain of yours. You need knowledge and information, not more people pretending to know what life is, especially when you have a life of your own and a mind of your own. "If you just wait for other people to feed you the news and provide you with information, then you will only get what they give you. But if you search for knowledge and information deliberately using your own methods and under your own guidance, then you will learn something new and valuable every single day." Compliance.

The news is supposed to inform people, and not misinform people. This is why people have very little knowledge about what's happening around them or in the world. People also have no idea about the decisions that are being made on their behalf. This is criminal and insanely ignorant. And people have no idea because they were never informed of these abuses. So people can't solve a problem they don't understand. And millions of people will die prematurely and suffer continually without ever knowing why? So here comes the Why? Why is the word that will be reborn. Why do all children ask why, but as they get older, they stop asking why? If you can make people stop asking why, then you can control them, because they will never ask why, so they will never know, and they will be a slave to their own ignorance. WHY? Let's bring back the word "why"...it's the best word in the world..think about it. Desensitized.

Just because you heard something does not make it factual or real. The reality is, millions of people have something to say every day, and because you heard a few voices tell you some things, you're pretending that must be enough for you to understand things, as if you are the president being briefed on the state of the country. Stop being so gullible and naive. You have to deliberately learn things and do your own research. Stop pretending that you know enough, because you don't. There is no one briefing you.

To much of the News Incites Hatred, Violence, Ignorance and Division, just like some of our government leaders do. They don't want to inform people, they want to deform, divide and distort people. So that people are weak minded and unable to defend themselves against all the corruption and crimes being committed by ignorant people, including the rich and powerful.

The Truth is Debatable - Legalese

Russian President has signed a new law which will allow the punishment of individuals and online media for spreading what Russia
calls "fake news" and information which "disrespects" the state. The laws will target online information that presents "clear disrespect for society, government, state symbols, the constitution and government institutions." But what about state sponsored propaganda and government controlled media and the dumbing down of the education system. This just saying "do as I say and not as I do." You can't criticize me, but I can disrespect you.

Double Standard - Whistle Blower - Freedom of Speech - Censorship

95% of what is being transmitted by the media is just empty space, meaning that it has very little useful knowledge or information. This meaningless chatter leaves the general public with a narrow view of the world along with a lot of distorted information in their head. Informing the public with facts is almost none existent in the media. This is so damaging and abusive to society that I'm amazed that people even allow this type of criminal exploitation of technology to continue. This is not a public service, this is a public disservice. We know that we have great journalists, but when the public has no say and no control over what is being said or what needs to be said, then that is a direct attack on free speech which is a criminal act of terrorism that takes away the power of the people who are supposed to be living in a democracy. If facts are suppressed and information is skewed, that puts entire societies at risk, this is a crime that needs to stop. This is just too damaging and too abusive, people need to grow up. Catch and Kill is when a publication buys the rights to a story and then buries the story as a favor to someone. Purchasing a story in order to sweep it under the rug. Censorship.

Yes it's true, but it's only true to a certain point, and it's never the actual point. The media never explains anything fully, they just comment about the surface of things and then they expect everyone else to understand what's below the surface. So they never say enough and it's mostly a bunch of unfinished sentences that they put together. It's like giving people the first letter of the word and then expecting them to figure out what the word is. The media needs to learn how to finish their sentences and also explain what they mean, otherwise, it's just blah, blah, blah, blah, blah, blah, and the of course the results is the public repeating blah, blah, blah, blah, blah, blah, and information and knowledge becomes an illusion and nonexistent. (Radical-Lies).

Infotainment is when information becomes degraded and the line between fact and fiction becomes blurred. Mixing information with entertainment is fine for children, but what about the adults? Sensationalizing.

You will never know what you're missing until you learn to know what you're missing. And just because someone else has learned what you don't know, this does not mean that you have learned what you don't know. Know one can learn for you, especially if you refuse to learn for yourself. Learning is a responsibility that can not be transferred, it's not like you can download the information into your brain later on, well at least not yet anyway.

What if someone controlled most of the conversations that you have, forcing you to listen without allowing you to share your opinions or understanding? And what if those one-way conversations were not meant to educate you? Eventually it would be impossible for you to think for yourself. None of your thoughts would be original. Your thoughts would just be mimicking things that you heard, things that were not based on truth, but mostly based on false and manipulative concepts that have very little meaning. Now what do you think that would do to you? You would become a Selfish Speaker and a Horrible Listener.

Imagine doing research and finding evidence and information that gives you better understanding about how something works and how this information could be valuable in making an advancements in technology. But when you try to explain your findings, you are disputed by non-scientific rhetoric from people who never examined your evidence or even want to understand what the evidence proves. People would rather pretend to know something without providing any proof about what they think they know. people don't want to have discussions, people would rather just make general statements and never have to explain anything that they think they understand. And the reason is that once people try to explain what they think they know, they will eventually have to provide facts and details about what they think they know, which is usually the moment when people realize how little they actually know. But instead of having a conversation, people would rather just continue to pretend to know things, especially when they never have to explain anything or prove anything.

When people refuse to put the clues together, they end up being extremely vulnerable within a false reality. Brain Hacking.

"The lobotomies that people have received from our media outlets is not permanent brain damage. People just need to start educating themselves. And BK101 is your introduction to life and reality. Welcome to planet earth, how can we help you?"

Corporations and governments can leak information to corporate controlled media news outlets to fool people into believing that the media is doing their job, which is an extremely dangerous false sense of security, and on top of that, people don't know who to trust, which is also extremely dangerous. People end up believing the wrong things and ignoring the good things.

"Insanity is doing the same thing over and over again and expecting different results." You are a moron if you think that you are going to learn enough or progress enough or become smarter or more intelligent doing the same thing everyday, like watching the TV or reading news papers or magazines. You need to seek out valuable knowledge and information, because it's not going to magically appear, unless of course you are on the BK101 website.

American Idiot - Green Day (youtube) - Don't wanna be an American idiot, Don't want a nation under the new mania, And can you hear the sound of hysteria? The subliminal mind-fuck America, Welcome to a new kind of tension, All across the alien nation, Where everything isn't meant to be okay, Television dreams of tomorrow, We're not the ones who're meant to follow, For that's enough to argue, Well maybe I'm the faggot America, I'm not a part of a redneck agenda, Now everybody do the propaganda, And sing along to the age of paranoia, Welcome to a new kind of tension, All across the alien nation, Where everything isn't meant to be okay, Television dreams of tomorrow, We're not the ones who're meant to follow, For that's enough to argue, Don't wanna be an American idiot, One nation controlled by the media, Information Age of hysteria, It's calling out to idiot America, Welcome to a new kind of tension, All across the alien nation, Where everything isn't meant to be okay, Television dreams of tomorrow, We're not the ones who're meant to follow, For that's enough to argue.


Distractions - Interruptions


Distraction is causing someone's attention to turn away from something important. An obstacle that inhibits focus and Learning. Distractions is the process of diverting the attention of an individual or group from the desired area of focus and thereby blocking or diminishing the reception of desired information.

Distracted Driving refers to the act of driving while engaging in other activities which distract the driver's attention away from the road. Distractions are shown to compromise the safety of the driver, passengers, pedestrians, and people in other vehicles. Cell phone use while behind the wheel is one of the common forms of distracted driving.

Blaming other people is the worst kind of distraction. You don't solve any problems blaming other people, you just make problems worse, while the people who caused the problems laugh at your ignorance, as they continue to cause problems.

Improper Multitasking - Tuning Out - Risk Management

Entertainment is an activity that is diverting and that holds the attention.

Preoccupied is thinking or worrying about something too much and having or showing excessive or compulsive concern with something. Engrossed in thought or deeply absorbed in thought. Distracted.

Busy is being actively or fully engaged or occupied. Overcrowded with activity or cluttered with detail. A busy signal on a telephone indicates that someone is either on the phone talking to someone else, or the phone is off the hook, so they can't be reached and they are unavailable.

A distraction is like a slight of hand where you are easily fooled and misdirected. And what you see is totally different and not even real. But this time you have no idea that you've been tricked. The Media is like one big filibuster. The Devils Advocate - False Flag Diversions.

External Distractions include factors such as visual triggers, social interactions, music, text messages, and phone calls. There are also internal distractions such as hunger, fatigue, illness, worrying, and daydreaming. Both external and internal distractions contribute to the interference of focus. Internal Distractions (body).

Side Tracked is to cause someone to be distracted from an immediate or important issue. Emotion Induced Blindness.

Interruption Science is the interdisciplinary scientific study concerned with how interruptions affect human performance, and the development interventions to remedy the disruption caused by interruptions. Sensationalize.

Interruption is something that causes you to temporarily stop doing work and delays your progress. Something that interferes with ongoing activity and prevents completion for a period of time.

Disruption is an act of delaying, slowing down or interrupting work or progress.

Interfere is to be a hindrance or obstacle. To come between so as alter an action through force or threat of force.

People are Confused by Design. Confused people are easier to control and easier to distract. Confused people are never sure what they need to do, so they usually do nothing. They don't even want to learn how not to be confused.

Shifting Attention can Interfere with our Perceptions of Reality making us believe we saw something different from what we actually saw.

Minimisation in psychology is a type of deception involving denial coupled with rationalisation in situations where complete denial is implausible. It is the opposite of exaggeration. Minimization is downplaying the significance of an event or emotion, which is a common strategy in dealing with feelings of guilt. Words associated with minimisation include: making light of, downplaying, discounting, understating, underplaying, trivialising.

If you have bad news to deliver, then deliver it on the eve of a holiday or in the middle of a massive news event. Not only will it garner less attention, but no one can accuse you of a lack of transparency, unless of course people know that you released that information on that particular day on purpose so that no one will notice. Nice try Scumbag.

Tone Policing attempts to detract from the validity of a statement by attacking the tone in which it was presented rather than the message itself.

Tactical Media is a form of media activism that privileges temporary, hit-and-run interventions in the media sphere over the creation of permanent and alternative media outlets. Tactical media describes interventionist media art practices that engage and critique the dominant political and economic order. Distraction Politics.

Subliminal 

Panem et Circenses or Bread and Circuses describes the cynical formula of the Roman emperors for keeping the masses content with ample food and entertainment, using diversion; distraction; or the mere satisfaction of the immediate, shallow requirements of a populace, to decry the selfishness of common people and their neglect of wider concerns. The phrase also implies the erosion or ignorance of civic duty amongst the concerns of the commoner.

Soylent Green is a 1973 American science fiction thriller film about the investigation into the murder of a wealthy businessman and a dystopian future of dying oceans and year-round humidity due to the greenhouse effect, resulting in suffering from pollution, poverty, overpopulation and depleted resources. "Sounds familiar. You will never know what's really happening in the world unless you investigate and learn". Soylent Green Is People! (youtube).

They Live is a 1988 American satirical science fiction horror film about a person who discovers the ruling class are in fact aliens concealing their appearance and manipulating people to spend money, breed, and accept the status quo with subliminal messages in mass media. "Metaphors are only beneficial when people understand them".

Wizard of Oz (there are people behind the curtain)

You only see the surface, you are never told the whole story, and you are never given all the facts. So you will never fully understand, and you will always be at the mercy of people who know more then you. It doesn't have to be like this. It's like not telling a people about the side effects or dangers of certain medications. It's criminal and negligent.

These abuses are so subtle that most people don't even know they are being abused. And negative effects that come from these abuses are never clearly identified, so they continue to cause damage. WTFU.

Subtle is something that is difficult to detect or grasp by the mind or analyze. Working or spreading in a hidden and usually injurious way.

Life for a human is not Scripted, but 90% of the media is scripted. This false reality is killing people all over the world every single day and every single year. WTFU!

People are not informed enough about how safe their food is, or how clean their water is, or how clean their air is, or how safe the products are that they use. People are not informed enough about the cause and effects of the decisions that they make everyday. People are not informed enough about the decisions in government that are made locally or nationally. People are not informed enough about what education is supposed to be. People are not informed enough about where their energy comes from, or where their water comes from, or where their food comes from, or where their products come from. People are not informed enough about what money is. People live in a quasi reality, with no real understanding of what awareness is, or how awareness is used. People are not even informed enough about how knowledge and information is used.

The Media is a Cult. And just like most people who are in a cult, they naively believe they are not in a cult. So they blindly follow and believe what ever the cult leaders say.

How many Communication Tools do we have today? (mostly underutilized)

Thousands of Things Happen Everyday, so who's choosing what you see, hear and feel? Not you.

What is considered News Worthy? What is the News Supposed to be like?

When Hollywood makes Zombie movies, they are actually making fun of you. If you can take a feral minded person and bring them back to life using quality education and care, that proves that everyone can be bought back to life. People are not broken, people are just bent a little by a dysfunctional information system. If we never improve education, or improve the way that we transmit important knowledge and information, then people will continue to die and suffer, and people who don't know this, will continue to be accessories to murder and abuse, and also be responsible for the destruction of our environment. The same environment that sustains life, the same environment that gives life, the same environment that is life. So either you are  a part of the problem, or a part of the solution. You have a choice, if not, then you must find a way to have a choice. Activism.


Suppression - Oppression


whoever controls the media caontrols the mind - Jim Morrison Suppress is to block or obstruct knowledge and information from reaching the public. This is done by various means such as censorship by force or by authority in order to hold people in check by making it difficult to access knowledge and information. This action hinders peoples consciousness and hinders their ability to accurately understanding reality, which is clear violation of freedom of speech on the grandest scale. Voter Suppression.

Subdue is to put someone down by force, authority or intimidation. To make someone subordinate, dependent, or subservient.

Censorship is the suppression of public communication, or the spread of misinformation, which is another form of censorship and discrimination.

Impose is to compel someone to behave in a certain way and make someone do something unpleasant. Charge a fee or tax.

Media Blackout refers to the Censorship of news related to a certain topic, particularly in mass media, for any reason. A media blackout may be voluntary, or may in some countries be enforced by the government or state. The latter case is controversial in peacetime, as some regard it as a human rights violation and repression of free speech. Press blackout is a similar phrase, but refers specifically to printed media.

Gag Order or suppression order, is a type of censorship where a court rules that certain information cannot be published. Suppression of evidence is the act of preventing evidence from being shown in a trial. A legal order by a court or government, restricting information or comment from being made public or passed onto any unauthorized third party. The phrase may sometimes be used of a private order by an employer or other institution.

Oppression is the abuse of authority or power in a burdensome, cruel, or unjust manner, also an act or instance of oppressing.

Suppression of Dissent occurs when an individual or group tries to censor, persecute or otherwise oppress the other party rather than communicate logically. Suppression of dissent occurs when an individual or group which is more powerful than another tries to directly or indirectly censor, persecute or otherwise oppress the other party, rather than engage with and constructively respond to or accommodate the other party's arguments or viewpoint. When dissent is perceived as a threat, action may be taken to prevent continuing dissent or penalize dissidents. Government or industry may often act in this way.

Political Repression is the persecution of an individual or group within society for political reasons, particularly for the purpose of restricting or preventing their ability to take part in the political life of a society thereby reducing their standing among their fellow citizens.

Intellectual Dark Web is a term used by an informal group of pundits to refer to themselves and other allied commentators who oppose what they believe to be the dominance of identity politics, political correctness, partisan politics and the establishment in higher education and the news media. The term metaphorically compares opposition to mainstream opinion to what is illicitly found on the dark web. The term was coined by Eric Weinstein, and was popularized in a 2018 editorial by Bari Weiss. Weinstein's characterization was met with a mixed response, focusing on the assertion that members were supposedly silenced or marginalized, despite being prominent public figures. Sources differ on the nature of the IDW, with some describing it as the 'anti-woke' left, and others as ideologically diverse, but nonetheless united against primary adversaries hailing predominantly from progressives or the left, including postmodernism, post-structuralism, Marxism, and political correctness.

Voter Suppression is a criminal behavior to influence the outcome of an election by discouraging or preventing people from exercising their right to vote.

Journalism Tools - Information Literacy - Environmental Awareness

News Websites - When Reading the News Online - Words in the News

Addictions and Media Abuse - Media Ed - Communication - Social Media.

HyperNormalisation (2016 + subs) by Adam Curtis - A different experience of reality FULL DOCUMENTARY (youtube) - HyperNormalisation is a 2016 BBC documentary by British filmmaker Adam Curtis. It argues that governments, financiers, and technological utopians have, since the 1970s, given up on the complex "real world" and built a simpler "fake world" run by corporations and kept stable by politicians. The film was released on 16 October 2016 on the BBC iPlayer. The cult documentary maker explores the falsity of modern life in his own inimitable style. Though he’s spent the best part of four decades making television, Curtis’s signature blend of hypnotic archive footage, authoritative voiceover and a seemingly inexhaustible appetite for bizarre historical tangents is better suited to the web, a place just as resistant to the narrative handholding of broadcast TV as he is. He argues that an army of technocrats, complacent radicals and Faustian internet entrepreneurs have conspired to create an unreal world; one whose familiar and often comforting details blind us to its total inauthenticity.


Be Careful of So Called "Experts"


I'm an Expert Name Tag When news people say "Experts Say" or "Officials Say", they're being vague and sometimes misleading. We would like to believe that news people have reliable and knowledgeable sources, but of course we cannot be that gullible. People need ways to verify the accuracy of all messages, and verify all actions. The truth should be democratic, but at the moment, this is not the case. So you have to know what questions to ask. An expert can be more reliable and more informative, but so called experts can also be extremely dangerous. Just because someone is an expert, this does not mean that you should trust them. Just because someone is an expert does not mean that they know everything. Just because someone is an expert does not mean that they don't make mistakes. Just because someone is an expert does not mean that they don't lie. Just because you are an expert does not mean that you have kept up with all the new things that are being learned, because once you fall behind on what is known, you are no longer an expert. This is the reason why we sometimes need to seek out a second opinion, or a third opinion. That's the reason why we have teams and groups of people working on projects. That's the reason why we have representatives, so that more then one person can have a voice. All media should be questioned. All text books should be questioned. All people of authority should be questioned.

Rating Systems and having a Consensus can sometimes be Flawed.

Shill - Conformity - Public Surveys - Ghost Writers - Doom and Gloom.

Explaining Risk to people can be difficult at times, especially when there is Anti-intellectualism.

Just because someone is not an expert, this does not mean that you should totally ignore them. Just because someone does not have the credentials, or the experience or the education, that does not mean that they don't have anything valuable to say. And that is the brilliance of the open system. Anyone can contribute. More ears and more eyes can help avoid mistakes. Giving more people the ability to express themselves is very beneficial. Because we can learn from all these different forms of expression. But not everyone is heard, at least for now. But who's choosing which people are heard, and why? People should choose what should be heard. An open system has it flaws and vulnerabilities, but because it is open, we have a chance to learn about these flaws, and thus reduce them, thus making the open platform more accurate, more stable, and more reliable.

Argument From Authority is a common type of argument which can be fallacious, such as when an authority is cited on a topic outside their area of expertise or when the authority cited is not a true expert. Expert Witness? Front Groups.

Interactional Expertise classification of substantive expertise that also included ‘no expertise’ and ‘contributory expertise’, by which they meant the expertise needed to contribute fully to all aspects of a domain of activity.

Identity Fallacy is when one's argument is mostly evaluated based on their physical or social identity. Fallacies.

"One Physical Test can be more valuable then 100 expert opinions."

“An expert is someone who knows some of the worst mistakes that can be made in his subject, and knows how to avoid them.” Werner Heisenberg.

3 ways to spot a Bad Statistic: Mona Chalabi (video and interactive text). - Fudging Data.

Expert - Maven -Accredited - Credentials

Subject-matter Expert is a person who is an authority in a particular area or topic.

Expertise Finding is the use of tools for finding and assessing individual expertise, with particular focus on scientific expertise.

Information Resources

Welcome to the golden age of bullshit - Breaking News: Some Bullshit Happening Somewhere (youtube).

Bullshit Receptivity Scale: Knowing how to accurately question the things that you hear, see and feel.

You don't want people forcing their version of the truth on other people. We just want the facts, save the philosophical stuff for later when all the facts are in. Learning has to be the main focus. 

Sponsored Content (it's almost all sponsored content, a bunch of crap).

Content in the media as in publishing, art, and communication, content is the information and experience(s) directed towards an end-user or audience. Content is "something that is to be expressed through some medium, as speech, writing or any of various arts". Content can be delivered via many different media including the Internet, television, audio CDs, books, magazines, and live events, such as conferences and stage performances.

Just because something is on TV doesn't mean that it's important. You shouldn't let other people decide what's important to you. You have to be very careful with choosing your sources for information. That includes your teachers, your family, your friends, the TV, news papers, radios, music, nature, yourself and everywhere else. You cannot understand all the sources of information at once, but you can make it work, because the system can learn and progress, but it has to choose to learn and progress.

Opinion Leadership is impossible to find in our media, but because of the Internet, finding good sources is possible.

Public Knowledge does not mean that the knowledge is available to everyone. It means that there is knowledge, but only if you know where to find it. And only if you know what questions to ask, and know which people to talk to. 

Knowledge Gap - Self-Directed Learning - Internet.

Computers can be hacked, and the human brain can also be hacked. So what's more important for you to secure, your brain or your computer? Of course both, because just making your computer hack proof, will not protect your own brain from being hacked. But you can easily Make the Human Brain Hack Proof

So what's your Brains Password?

Secure is free from fear or doubt; easy in mind. Free from danger or risk. Not likely to fail or give way. Immune to attack; incapable of being tampered with.

"Remember that the news is dictated to you. You can change the channel but you are still being dictated to. The same thing goes for schools, you're being dictated to. You can change the school, but you're still being dictated to if you never learn to educate yourself and learn on your own."


State and Corporate Controlled Media - Concentration of Media Ownership


Only 6 Corporations own 1,500 newspapers, 1,100 magazines, 9,000 radio stations, 1,500 TV stations and 2,400 publishers. Corporations also own your government and own your schools. You need to do more than just vote. These indoctrination tools, can be and have been, used as a weapon. These parasites want to control your mind.

Targeting - Puppets - History - Passive Learning - Media Control is a Racket

Concentration of Ownership (wiki) - The New Media Monopoly: (amazon) - Ben Bagdikian (wiki)

Monopoly (corporations) - Power (wealthy) - News Failures - Front Men - Propaganda

Give people just enough freedom so that it will give people the illusion of control and the illusion of choice, like with voting.

The main problem is that people have no idea how information effects their thinking or how it effects their behaviors. And when you don't know who's making the decisions on your behalf or who's deciding what information you will see, and when you don't know why decisions are being made that will effect you, then there's no way to protect yourself. There's no way to confirm if the information is needed, or if the information is skewed or manipulated. It's like you're being hijacked. And I don't want to crash and burn, there's a lot of innocent people on this flight.

Hijack is to unlawfully seize control of an aircraft, ship, or vehicle by force and make it to go to a different destination or to use it for one's own purposes. To take over something and use it for a different purpose. Seizure of a vehicle in transit either to rob it or divert it to an alternate destination. Aircraft Hijacking is the unlawful seizure of an aircraft by an individual or a group. (also known as airplane hijacking, skyjacking, plane hijacking, plane jacking, air robbery, air piracy, or aircraft piracy).

Brain Hacking - Information Bubble - Privatized Monopolies - Church and State

Paywall is a method of restricting access to content via a purchase or paid subscription, failing to furnish citizens with ready access to relevant civic information. Some online paywalls can be bypassed using incognito mode in web browsers such as Google Chrome. In academics, research papers are often subject to a paywall and are available via academic libraries that subscribe. Price Gouging.

A lot of people are Communicating, but very little is learned. When you give a voice to ignorant people, it creates more ignorant people, which is the reason why so many ignorant people are on the media, because the corporations who own the media don't want citizens to be informed. This trickle down ignorance needs to end.

Content Industry is an umbrella term that encompasses companies owning and providing mass media and media metadata. This can include music and movies, text publications of any kind, ownership of standards, geographic data, and metadata about all and any of the above. In the Information Age, the content industry comprises an enormous market.

Bring on the female superheroes!: Christopher Bell (video and interactive text)

"Reason obeys itself; and ignorance submits to whatever is dictated to it." (Thomas Paine 1736-1809)

Fairness Doctrine introduced in 1949, that required the holders of broadcast licenses both to present controversial issues of public importance and to do so in a manner that was — in the Commission's view — honest, equitable, and balanced. The FCC eliminated the Doctrine in 1987, and in August 2011 the FCC formally removed the language that implemented the Doctrine. Fi.

"99.9% of what happens in the world is not on TV, or on the Radio, or in the News Papers or Magazines." You are only informed of only 1% of what's happening in the word, so who's deciding what's important to you?

In the wrong hands always refers to people who are not educated enough to fully understand all the benefits or all the dangers that come from having a particular ability or power. Any ability that is not used effectively or efficiently as possible, will do more harm then good. And most of the time the damage is not always visible to us. So we blindly make decisions when we are supposed to be asking questions, questions that would help us make more informed decisions, and questions that would help us make fewer mistakes. Freedom of Speech Failures.

Language is the most powerful tool that humans have. If you don't learn to master this tool, then you will be extremely vulnerable to manipulation, and you will also have very few abilities, and very few possibilities.

Media is the communication outlets or tools used to store and deliver information or data. The term refers to components of the mass media communications industry, such as print media, publishing, the news media, photography, cinema, broadcasting radio and television, and advertising.

Mass Media refers to a diverse array of media technologies that reach a large audience via mass communication. The technologies through which this communication takes place include a variety of outlets. Broadcast media transmit information electronically via media such as films, radio, recorded music, or television. Digital media comprises both Internet and mobile mass communication. Internet media comprise such services as email, social media sites, websites, and Internet-based radio and television. Many other mass media outlets have an additional presence on the web, by such means as linking to or running TV ads online, or distributing QR Codes in outdoor or print media to direct mobile users to a website. In this way, they can use the easy accessibility and outreach capabilities the Internet affords, as thereby easily broadcast information throughout many different regions of the world simultaneously and cost-efficiently. Outdoor media transmit information via such media as AR advertising; billboards; blimps; flying billboards (signs in tow of airplanes); placards or kiosks placed inside and outside buses, commercial buildings, shops, sports stadiums, subway cars, or trains; signs; or skywriting. Print media transmit information via physical objects, such as books, comics, magazines, newspapers, or pamphlets. Event organizing and public speaking can also be considered forms of mass media. The organizations that control these technologies, such as movie studios, publishing companies, and radio and television stations, are also known as the mass media.

Mainstream Media is a term and abbreviation used to refer collectively to the various large mass news media that influence many people, and both reflect and shape prevailing currents of thought. The term is used to contrast with alternative media which may contain content with more dissenting thought at variance with the prevailing views of mainstream sources. The term is often used for large news conglomerates, including newspapers and broadcast media, that underwent successive mergers in many countries. The concentration of media ownership has raised concerns of a homogenization of viewpoints presented to news consumers. Consequently, the term mainstream media has been widely used in conversation and the blogosphere, sometimes in oppositional, pejorative or dismissive senses, in discussion of the mass media and media bias.

Broadcasting is the distribution of audio or video content to a dispersed audience via any electronic mass communications medium, but typically one using the electromagnetic spectrum (radio waves), in a one-to-many model. Broadcasting began with AM radio, which came into popular use around 1920 with the spread of vacuum tube radio transmitters and receivers. Before this, all forms of electronic communication (early radio, telephone, and telegraph) were one-to-one, with the message intended for a single recipient. The term broadcasting evolved from its use as the agricultural method of sowing seeds in a field by casting them broadly about. It was later adopted for describing the widespread distribution of information by printed materials or by telegraph. Examples applying it to "one-to-many" radio transmissions of an individual station to multiple listeners appeared as early as 1898. Over the air broadcasting is usually associated with radio and television, though in recent years, both radio and television transmissions have begun to be distributed by cable (cable television). The receiving parties may include the general public or a relatively small subset; the point is that anyone with the appropriate receiving technology and equipment (e.g., a radio or television set) can receive the signal. The field of broadcasting includes both government-managed services such as public radio, community radio and public television, and private commercial radio and commercial television. The U.S. Code of Federal Regulations, title 47, part 97 defines "broadcasting" as "transmissions intended for reception by the general public, either direct or relayed". Private or two-way telecommunications transmissions do not qualify under this definition. For example, amateur ("ham") and citizens band (CB) radio operators are not allowed to broadcast. As defined, "transmitting" and "broadcasting" are not the same. Transmission of radio and television programs from a radio or television station to home receivers by radio waves is referred to as "over the air" (OTA) or terrestrial broadcasting and in most countries requires a broadcasting license. Transmissions using a wire or cable, like cable television (which also retransmits OTA stations with their consent), are also considered broadcasts but do not necessarily require a license (though in some countries, a license is required). In the 2000s, transmissions of television and radio programs via streaming digital technology have increasingly been referred to as broadcasting as well.

Mass Communication is the process of exchanging information through mass media to large segments of the population. In other words, mass communication refers to imparting and exchanging information on a large scale to a wide range of people. It is usually understood for relating to various forms of media, as these technologies are used for the dissemination of information, of which journalism and advertising are part of. Mass communication differs from other forms of communication, such as interpersonal communication or organizational communication, because it focuses on particular resources transmitting information to numerous receivers. The study of mass communication is chiefly concerned with how the content of mass communication persuades or otherwise affects the behavior, the attitude, opinion, or emotion of the people receiving the information. Normally, transmission of messages to many persons at a time is called mass communication. But in a complete sense, mass communication can be defined as the process through which some information is circulated extensively among people nearby and across the globe. Through mass communication, information can be transmitted quickly to many people who generally stay far away from the sources of information. Mass communication is being done through many mediums, such as radio, television, social networking, billboards, newspapers, magazines, film, and the Internet.

Media Literate People should be skillful creators and producers of media messages, both to facilitate understanding of the specificities of each medium, as well as to create independent media. Media literacy can be seen as contributing to an expanded conceptualization of literacy. By transforming the process of media consumption into an active and critical process, people gain greater awareness of the potential for misrepresentation and manipulation (especially through commercials and Public Relations Techniques, and understand the role of mass media and participatory media in constructing views of reality. Media literacy is sometimes promoted as a way of protecting people from what are alleged to be mass media's ill effects and/or as simply appreciating the achievements of the media industries, although neither of these perspectives can properly be regarded as a "literacy". Media Literacy is a repertoire of competences that enable people to analyze, evaluate and create messages in a wide variety of media modes, genres and forms. Education for media literacy often uses an inquiry-based pedagogic model that encourages people to ask questions about what they watch, hear, and read. Media literacy education provides tools to help people critically analyze messages, offers opportunities for learners to broaden their experience of media, and helps them develop creative skills in making their own media messages. 

Most of what you see is Staged: Deliberately arranged for effect.

Scientists monitored the posts of people and found that they were more negative if they received the negative newsfeed and more positive if they received positive items.

Filter Bubble is a result of a personalized search in which a website algorithm selectively guesses what information a user would like to see based on information about the user (such as location, past click behavior and search history and, as a result, users become separated from information that disagrees with their viewpoints, effectively isolating them in their own cultural or ideological bubbles. The choices made by the algorithms are not transparent. Mind Control.

"Either someone lied to you, or you're lying to yourself."

"It seems the chatter is starting again, the propaganda machine is spreading the alarmist seeds, what will it be this time?"

Learn to Read between the Lines, whether you are searching for the truth, or detecting lies. 

Learning to understand what happens in the media is like learning to decipher code.

"To be conscious that you are ignorant is a great step to knowledge"~ Benjamin Disraeli 

"it's like the News wants you to jump to a conclusion."

"There's a good reason why hearsay is not allowed in a court of law, that's because it can easily be a bunch of bullshit." 

"People need to know the other side of the story, even though it's still another opinion, but until the facts are presented and the information debated, you will always have too many opinions and not enough facts."

More then any other time in our human history people are extremely exposed to a tremendous amount of influences from numerous media sources. We are confronted by an enormous amount of choices and surrounded by a bewildering array of alternatives. We are constantly being bombarded with temptations, distractions and unrealistic interpretations of our world. This makes our most important information and knowledge from being communicated effectively. We are allowing money and greed to dictate how our most important technologies are utilized. We are giving corporations control over our most important information and knowledge, which is irresponsible and immoral if not criminal. This clarifies why education is so extremely important. We must educate our citizens and our students so they can effectively stop these irresponsible and immoral practices and also protect themselves from the vulnerabilities and dangers of a capitalistic and ignorant society. The knowledge and information is there, but if a person does not possess the abilities to sort through all the sources and learn to analyze accuracies, they will struggle and become vulnerable to manipulations, confusion, intellectual disorder and conflicting claims.

Fact is a statement or assertion of verified information. An event known to have happened. A concept whose truth can be proved.

Fiction is literary work based on the imagination and not necessarily on fact. A deliberately false or improbable account.

Opinion is a personal belief or judgment that is not founded on proof or certainty.

"Today's Media are Masters of the Mundane." Mundane is something found in the ordinary course of events.

We are all Victims of Circumstance

Circumstance is a condition that accompanies or influences some event or activity. The set of facts or circumstances that surround a situation or event. Information that should be kept in mind when making a decision.

Internet Censorship - Internet Safety

News Websites - Journalism Tools - Photography Tools - Video Tools

We Do (The Stonecutters' Song) (youtube) - Who controls the British crown? Who keeps the metric system down? We do, we do. Who keeps Atlantis off the maps? Who keeps the Martians under wraps? We do, we do. Who holds back the electric car? Who makes Steve Gutenberg a star? We do, we do. Who robs gamefish of their site? Who rigs every Oscar night? We do, we do!

Avocados From Mexico - Secret Society (Super Bowl 2017 Commercial) (youtube)

The Corporate Controlled Media News Outlets are a combination of feel good news, feel good human interest stories, and disturbing details and tragic events. The news is designed to make a person feel privileged in hearing news. So a person can now pretend to have nice and meaningful conversations with other people, when in fact, all they're doing is repeating what someone else said. It's nice to pretend that you are informed and on the ball, and repeating the news is a good way to show off your memory skills. But in reality, people are not educated about history, they only remember certain details, but never fully understand human life or see the whole picture. The media machine wants to occupy your mind and influence your thoughts, behaviors and actions. They want to give you just enough freedom so that you believe that you are free. They want to give you just enough control so that you believe that you are in control. If people understood how much freedom they could have, and how much control they could have, people would want more freedom and more control over their thoughts, and their lives. For now, people have no time to learn, no time to think, no time to explore, and no time to live.

Note: Some schools, organizations, parents and even search engines are blocking students access to certain websites which is censorship at its worst. This is why Media Literacy and Information Literacy are extremely important because you can't teach or learn by using Censorship. This is not the same as filtering.


Front Men - Impostures - Puppets


Astroturfing is the practice of concealing the sponsors of a message or organization to make it appear as though it originates from a particular foundation or group, which it does not, and without their knowledge or consent. It is a practice intended to give the statements or organizations credibility by withholding information about the source's financial connection, like in politics, advertising, religious or public relations.

Puppets - Two Faced - Middle Men - Green Washing - Sponsored Content - False Flag

Front Organization is any entity set up by and controlled by another organization, such as intelligence agencies, organized crime groups, banned organizations, religious or political groups, advocacy groups, or corporations. Front organizations can act for the parent group without the actions being attributed to the parent group thereby allowing them to hide from public view. Front organizations that appear to be independent voluntary associations or charitable organizations are called front groups. In the business world, front organizations such as front companies or shell corporations are used to shield the parent company from legal liability. In international relations, a puppet state is a state which acts as a front (or surrogate) for another state.

Front Group is an organization that purports to represent one agenda while in reality it serves some other party or interest whose sponsorship is hidden or rarely mentioned. The front group is perhaps the most easily recognized use of the third party technique. Distributors.

Front Man is a person who represents an organization and works to make its image more appealing to the public.

Put on a Front is like a shill or an actor, or an accessory or a liar or a devils advocate.

Cover-up - Conspiracy - Ghost Writing - Deception (mislead) - Just Following Orders

Influencer Marketing (persuasion) - Cult of Personality - Demagogue

Deepfake are Fake Videos and Fake Audio that are created by combining unrelated images and sound with original images and sound to create a fake video or audio that looks real, but is totally fabricated, like with computer generated images or CGI. Deepfake is used to combine and superimpose existing images and videos onto source images or videos using a machine learning technique known as generative adversarial network, a technique for human image synthesis based on artificial intelligence. The phrase "Deep-Fake" was coined in 2017. Because of these capabilities, deepfakes have been used to create fake videos, fake news and malicious hoaxes. People can put your face on any body and even change the words spoken, similar to when people are quoted out of context or slandered with made up stories and lies. This has created more ways to spread propaganda, which is been a serious problem for 100's of years. People are fooled by real videos, so fake videos are just another thing that people will need to be aware of. Fake Videos is nothing new, they're called movies. Adding C.G.I. Effects to propaganda is still propaganda. NEW Sassy Justice with Fred Sassy | From South Park's Trey Parker & Matt Stone w/ Peter Serafinowicz (youtube) - Dangers behind manipulated videos.

Fake News is another word for propaganda presented in a format typical of mainstream journalism.

New tool uses AI to flag fake news for media fact-checkers. A new artificial intelligence tool could help social media networks and news organizations weed out false stories. The tool uses deep-learning AI algorithms to determine if claims made in posts or stories are supported by other posts and stories on the same subject.

Synthetic Media describes media that is either algorithmically created or modified.

Why are lies, rumors and false information sometimes more popular than the truth? Because people love bazar off the wall information that will sensationalize, shock, antagonize, instigate, or get a reaction, especially when they can get attention. So some people are not just ignorant, they are also lonely. And the media is the same way.

News Satire has been around almost as long as journalism itself, but it is particularly popular on the web, for example on websites like Onion News or Faking News, where it is relatively easy to mimic a credible news source and stories may achieve wide distribution from nearly any site. News satire relies heavily on irony and deadpan humor. Two slightly different types of news satire exist. One form uses satirical commentary and sketch comedy to comment on real-world news events, while the other presents wholly fictionalized news stories.


Misinformation - Viruses of the Human Language


Human Language has been under attack for many years. Language is being perverted and used to deceive people and used to manipulate meaning and understanding. Your brain has been hacked and you don't even know it. Passive learning has too many vulnerabilities. Bad information can spread like a virus. Bad information can effect peoples thinking and diminish their ability to understand. Bad information must be contained and people must be inoculated with knowledge and information.

Propaganda goes way beyond exaggerations and rumors. Propaganda is the subtle manipulation of information and reality that causes delusions and ignorance.

Words can be use to describe things that are factual. But the same words can also be used to describe things that are not factual or not true. When you can use the same words to describe the truth, as you would to describe things that are not true, it's easy to deceive people, even yourself. People can't understand the context when the message is quoted out of context. Knowledge helps to define meaning. You need to visualize all the layers of information that are not visible or easily perceived. Propaganda exists because ignorance exists. People would not lie or try to deceive people if people knew that they were being lied to or fooled. When people know that you're lying, lying becomes a crime. But when people don't know that you're lying, then lying goes unpunished and undetected. The main reason why morons have a voice is because morons have an audience. And these morons want you to believe that being a moron is normal so that you feel comfortable with being a moron. This way you will most likely never educate yourself, thus you will never realize that you're a moron, and most likely stay a moron, without ever knowing it. Ignorant leaders know how ignorant their followers are. So ignorant leaders can say almost anything and do almost anything, and their ignorant followers will still praise them and never be aware that they're being deceived. So to stop people from believing the bullsh*t, you have to educate people to be able to recognize the bullsh*t. If the media focused more on educating the audience instead of manipulating them, this sh*t show would be over.

Staged is something planned, organized, or arranged in advance, in order to deceive people into believing that something was just random or normal and without any ulterior motives. Theatrics.

Acting - Front Men - Imposters - False-Flag - Fake Videos - Fear Mongering - Flawed Research

Cheap Stunt is a devious scheme that is organized by a low-life company or individual to either defraud people or mislead people.

Ulterior Motive is an alternative or extrinsic reason for doing something, especially when concealed or when differing from the stated or apparent reason. Freedom of Speech Abuses.

78% of Americans believe that reporters use incidents as props to support a hidden agenda. On the record or off the record, on camera or off camera, acting or not acting. It still needs to be relevant and debated.

Incident is a single distinct event. A public disturbance. Being minor or lower in importance. Happening as a chance consequence.

Prop is an object used on stage or screen by actors during a performance or screen production.

Everyone needs to fully understand the definitions of all these words below. In order to truly protect yourself from being manipulated by persuasive definitions and having your understanding of the world distorted, you need to understand these words below. The Deceitful Methods of the Media are well documented. Some of these key words are used by the media to distort information and also to hide the truth. The phrase "conspiracy theorist" is now used as a weapon to discredit information, the same way that the phrase "Communist" is used to label social movements that seek to improve the lives of people. Or using the phrase "Terrorists" or the name "Hitler" to describe someone who thinks differently. The media also uses the word "Truther" to describe two totally different things. A Truther is someone who seeks the truth, and is not a person trying to spread lies, but the media wants you to believe they are the same thing. The word "Anti-Vaxers" describes people who have concerns about vaccine safety, they are not against vaccines. An Alarmist might exaggerate dangers, but what if the dangers are real? Then people might not act quick enough. These are the methods used by the media to distract people from learning the facts about problems that society is plagued with. You will get very little facts from the media, so you must investigate and seek out valuable knowledge and information, and seek out sources who are not biased or just puppets for criminals.

What happens when you only hear one side of the story? You don't know the whole story when someone only tells you their side of story.

I usually wait a few days after a story comes out before reading it, because this gives more time for people to get more information about the facts instead of making crazy assumptions and misleading people. You can't say things and ignore other things or leave things out, or forget to mention important details.

Take things with a Grain of Salt means to view something with skepticism and not to interpret something literally. To regard something as being possibly exaggerated because of missing information and unanswered questions. Not to completely believe in something that you are told, but only believe in a particular part of something. Listen carefully, but also filter carefully.

Don't Assume - Beware of Labels - Comprehension

When you keep believing other peoples lies you become a liar yourself and an accessory to the crime of perjury, which makes you a criminal. That is why false advertising is illegal. Denial - Cognitive Dissonance.

Fear Mongering - Sensationalizing - False Flags - Persuasion - Brainwashing - Manipulation - Information Warfare - Lying - Perjury - Rumors - Collusion - Espionage - Lobbying - Marketing - Conspiracies.

The behavioral techniques that are being employed by governments and private corporations do not appeal to our reason; they do not seek to persuade us consciously with information and argument. Rather, these techniques change behavior by appealing to our nonrational motivations, our emotional triggers and unconscious biases. If psychologists could possess a systematic understanding of these nonrational motivations they would have the power to influence the smallest aspects of our lives and the largest aspects of our societies.


Propaganda - Techniques of Information Manipulation


Propaganda is information that is biased and misleading, which could manipulate peoples understanding and also distract people from the facts, and also distract people from the reality of the world. Propaganda can also be used to promote a particular political cause or point of view. Propaganda can also be used to spread hate and division.

Propaganda is much much bigger than a brief definition can explain. Information Pollution - Narrative Warfare - Rumors - Propaganda Techniques (pdf).

Propaganda is not saying that everything is a lie, because there has to be some truth in the media. The main problem is that the whole story is seldom told, so it may as well be a lie, because most people will never understand a message well enough to even know what the truth is. Saying that the news is mostly propaganda does not say that everything in the media is a lie, it's just that 90% of the information being presented, is only relevant to a few people who actually have access to a lot more information that is being transmitted by the media, which means that most people are not learning anything valuable. The majority of the news is extremely flawed and ineffective, which makes most people extremely flawed and ineffective. And when people are unaware of the damaging effects caused by a dysfunctional media information system, then they will continue to be victimized and underutilized for their entire life, and that is a horrible crime that needs to stop.

Provocation - Exaggeration - Vagueness - Subliminal Brain Washing - FOX News

Distorting is to make a false statement by adding lies to a message or a story.

Propaganda the Book is an influential book written by Edward L. Bernays in 1928. Propaganda Techniques (wiki).

Propaganda Model is a conceptual model in political economy advanced by Edward S. Herman and Noam Chomsky to explain how propaganda and systemic biases function in corporate mass media. The model seeks to explain how populations are manipulated and how consent for economic, social, and political policies is "manufactured" in the public mind due to this propaganda. The theory posits that the way in which corporate media is structured (e.g. through advertising, concentration of media ownership, government sourcing) creates an inherent conflict of interest that acts as propaganda for undemocratic forces.

Propaganda is like a pedophile grooming. You're eventually going to be abused and raped if you don't pay attention to the signs.

Leni Riefenstahl was a German film director who in the 1930s, directed Triumph des Willens which was a Nazi propaganda film("Triumph of the Will") and Olympia.

Big Lie is a propaganda technique. The expression was coined by Adolf Hitler, when he dictated his 1925 book Mein Kampf, about the use of a lie so "colossal" that no one would believe that someone "could have the impudence to distort the truth so infamously". Hitler believed the technique was used by Jews to blame Germany's loss in World War I on German general Erich Ludendorff, who was a prominent nationalist and antisemitic political leader in the Weimar Republic. Cult of Personality.

Black Propaganda is false information and material that purports to be from a source on one side of a conflict, but is actually from the opposing side. It is typically used to vilify, embarrass, or misrepresent the enemy. Black propaganda is covert in nature in that its aims, identity, significance, and sources are hidden. False Advertising - Atrocity Propaganda.

Grey Propaganda is when the source is not identified. Caller ID Spoofing.

White Propaganda is propaganda which truthfully states its origin, but misleads or lies about certain details.

Whitewashing in censorship is to gloss over or cover up vices, crimes or scandals or to exonerate by means of a perfunctory investigation or through biased presentation of data. Perfunctory is an action carried out without real interest, feeling, or effort. Green-Washing.

Bluewashing is used to describe either publicity-driven humanitarian relief efforts, or efforts to be perceived as having a small water footprint. Brainwashing (subliminal).

Pinkwashing describes the practice of companies connecting their products to breast cancer awareness and fundraising, often while ignoring the ways their products may contribute to environmental cancer through the materials or methods used in production.

Public Relations - Viruses of the Human Language

Spin is a form of propaganda achieved through knowingly providing a biased interpretation of an event or campaigning to influence public opinion about some organization or public figure. While traditional public relations and advertising may manage their presentation of facts, "spin" often implies the use of disingenuous, deceptive, and manipulative tactics.

Dog Whistle is the use of coded or suggestive language in political messaging to garner support from a particular group without provoking opposition. Dog whistles use language which appears normal to the majority, but which communicate specific things to intended audiences. They are generally used to convey messages on issues likely to provoke controversy without attracting negative attention.

Loaded Language is rhetoric used to influence an audience by using words and phrases with strong connotations associated with them in order to invoke an emotional response and/or exploit stereotypes

Doublespeak is language that deliberately obscures, disguises, distorts, or reverses the meaning of words.

Information Pollution is the contamination of information supply with irrelevant, redundant, unsolicited and low-value information. The spread of useless and undesirable information can have a detrimental effect on human activities. It is considered one of the adverse effects of the information revolution. Spam.

"Knowledge is your Best Defense." Investigate and learn.

"Propaganda is almost everywhere, so until you can prove that it's not propaganda, consider it so."

Information is under attack and manipulated by ignorant scumbag criminals. Even the standards, laws and regulations are manipulated by wealthy criminals and corporations. The FCC, FDA, EPA are all under attack and manipulated by criminals. This corruption is killing millions of people every year, and, poisoning the air, water, land and food as well as poisoning the minds of people. The human race has a highly infectious cancer that needs to be cured. Just treating our diseases is no longer an option, we need to cure and solve these problems as fast as possible, because bigger problems are coming. And society is already extremely weak and vulnerable because of these corruptions. Many improvements are necessary. Many things need correcting, which means many people will need to be highly educated. Valuable knowledge and information will soon be realized as our greatest asset. Instead of information being used to harm and kill people, it will only be used to help people. Harming people is a criminal act.

SWATTING is falsely reporting an incident in the first degree is a Class D Felony. Bullying.

Fraud by Wire, Radio, or Television - Conspiracy to commit offense or to defraud United States

1001 Violation: Making False or Deceptive Claims is Prohibited under State Law. According to Title 18, Section 1001 of the United States criminal code, it is illegal to “knowingly and willfully” use “any false writing or document knowing the same to contain any materially false, fictitious, or fraudulent statement or entry.” Title 18 as Wire Fraud; specifically Sections 1342 and 1343, in which fraudulent schemes are perpetrated using any form of electronic communication.

Tabloid fake NewsFactoid either a false or spurious statement presented as a fact, or presented as a trivial item of news or as a vague bit of information.

Fake News is another word for propaganda that is presented in a similar format that is typical of mainstream journalism. (it looks like actual news, but it's total BS mixed in with crazy rumors.)

Tabloids are a form of sensationalist journalism that is usually dramatized and sometimes unverifiable or blatantly false. Scandal sheets were the precursors to tabloid journalism. Supermarket tabloids are large, national versions of these tabloids, usually published weekly. Tabloid takes its name from the format, a small-sized newspaper or half broadsheet.

Sensationalism - Fear Mongering - Deception

Convoluted is to change the meaning of or be vague about in order to mislead or deceive.

Sophistry is a deliberately invalid argument displaying ingenuity in reasoning in the hope of deceiving someone.

Press Secretaries in the Trump White House were spin doctors, propaganda disseminators, liars and criminals. Not public relations, more like public manipulations.

Equivocation is the misleading use of a term with more than one meaning or sense.

Term of Convenience is a word or short phrase arrived at to describe a particular concept in the absence of a generally recognized word or phrase meaning the same thing.

False Consciousness is the way in which material, ideological, and institutional processes in capitalist society mislead members of the proletariat and other class actors. These processes are thought to hide the true relations between classes and the real state of affairs regarding the exploitation suffered by the proletariat. False Consensus.

Mind Games is employing passive–aggressive behavior to specifically demoralize or dis-empower the thinking subject, making the aggressor look superior; also referred to as power games, head games, mind fuckery or head fuckery. The unconscious games played by people engaged in ulterior transactions of which they are not fully aware, and which transactional analysis considers to form a central element of social life all over the world. Victimize.

"The biggest lies always have a little truth, that's how they fool you."

Is the Media a Troll? - Subliminal Messages - Mind Control

Poisoning the Well is a type of informal fallacy where irrelevant adverse information about a target is preemptively presented to an audience, with the intention of discrediting or ridiculing something that the target person is about to say. The origins of the phrase come from some unknown historical source, but may be related to the use of wells for procuring water. Poisoning the well can be a special case of argumentum ad hominem, and the term was first used with this sense by John Henry Newman in his work Apologia Pro Vita Sua (1864). The origin of the term lies in well poisoning, an ancient wartime practice of pouring poison into sources of fresh water before an invading army, to diminish the attacking army's strength.

Chalmers Johnson (Book) - Propaganda (Book)

Literary Nonsense is a broad categorization of literature that balances elements that make sense with some that do not, with the effect of subverting language conventions or logical reasoning. Even though the most well-known form of literary nonsense is nonsense verse, the genre is present in many forms of literature. The effect of nonsense is often caused by an excess of meaning, rather than a lack of it. Its humor is derived from its nonsensical nature, rather than wit or the "joke" of a punchline.

Jigsaw Redirect aims to push web users searching for jihadist information toward content designed to counter the slick tools of terrorist recruitment. If this works, that means this could also stop media propaganda that mass murders thousands of people every single day.


Misleading - Inaccurate Information


Mislead is to deliberately give inaccurate information that is designed to deceive someone or cause them not to accurately understand themselves or the world around them. To inadvertently lead someone in the wrong direction or give someone wrong directions on purpose.

Misinformation is false or incorrect information, spread intentionally when knowing that it's a lie, or unintentionally without realizing that it's untrue.

Disinformation is intentionally false or inaccurate information that is spread deliberately in order to deceive and mislead people. Propaganda.

False Pretenses intentionally misrepresenting a past or existing fact. Freedom of Speech Abuses.

Misleading Vividness is anecdotal evidence describing an occurrence with sufficient detail to permit hasty generalizations about the occurrence. It may be used, for example, to convince someone that the occurrence is a widespread problem. Although misleading vividness does little to support an argument logically, it can have a very strong psychological effect because of a cognitive heuristic called the availability heuristic. 

Slant the News - False Advertising - False Flag - Cover-up - Down Play

Misrepresentation is a false statement of a material fact made by one party which affects the other party's decision in agreeing to a contract. If the misrepresentation is discovered, the contract can be declared void and depending on the situation, the adversely impacted party may seek damages. Misrepresentation is an untrue or misleading statement of fact made during negotiations by one party to another, the statement then inducing that other party to enter into a contract. The misled party may normally rescind the contract, and sometimes may be awarded damages as well (or instead of rescission).

“When it comes to controlling human beings there is no better instrument than lies. Because, you see, humans live by beliefs. And beliefs can be manipulated. The power to manipulate beliefs is the only thing that counts.” - Michael Ende.

"Just don't fear the lack of knowledge, fear false knowledge." Leo Tolstoy (1828-1910).

People can misuse facts, misuse data, misuse statistics and misuse research in order to manipulate people into believing a lie. So unless you question peoples lies and do your own research, then you will never know the truth. And this is what drug makers count on, that people will never question information, well at least not until all the dead bodies start piling up. Then they might start asking questions. Because 7 Million people still die every single year from smoking cigarettes, yet people are still ignorant enough to still smoke cigarettes. It's easy to trick ignorant people. This is why education is so inadequate, so that criminals can continue to manipulate people at will.

Misleading Questions (Trick Questions)

Misnomer is a wrong or inaccurate name or designation of a term that is misleading.

Misconception is a a view or opinion that is incorrect because it's based on faulty thinking or understanding.

Opinion Leadership is leadership by an active media user who interprets the meaning of media messages or content for lower-end media users. Typically the opinion leader is held in high esteem by those who accept his or her Opinions.

Mass Media is a collection of media technologies that reach a large audience via mass communication, which is the study of how people and entities relay information through mass media to large segments of the population at the same time. It is usually understood to relate newspaper, magazine, and book publishing, as well as radio, television and film, even via internet as these mediums are used for disseminating information, news and advertising. Broadcast media transmit information electronically, via such media as film, radio, recorded music, or television. Digital media comprises both Internet and mobile mass communication. Internet media comprise such services as email, social media sites, websites, and Internet-based radio and television.

Information Control For Social Manipulation

Mainstream Media is a term and abbreviation used to refer collectively to the various large mass news media that influence a large number of people, and both reflect and shape prevailing currents of thought.

Public Affairs in broadcasting focuses on matters of politics and public policy. Usually broadcast at times when few listeners or viewers are tuned in (or even awake) in the U.S., in time slots known as graveyard slots; such programs can be frequently encountered at times such as 5-6 a.m. on a Sunday. Public Relations.


Manipulation - Deception


Manipulate is to influence or control information shrewdly or deviously in a fraudulent manner. Tamper, with the purpose of deception. Misleading. Be false to and to be dishonest with someone. Cause someone to believe an untruth. Deliberately deceptive. Inappropriate to reality or facts. Mislead with bias.

Media Manipulation is a series of related techniques in which partisans create an image or invalid argument that favors their particular interests. Such tactics may include the use of logical fallacies and propaganda techniques, and often involve the suppression of information or points of view by crowding them out, by inducing other people or groups of people to stop listening to certain arguments, or by simply diverting attention elsewhere. Propagandizing is a form of communication that is aimed at influencing the attitude of a community toward some cause or position by presenting only one side of an argument. Various techniques are used to influence a target's values, beliefs, emotions, motives, reasoning, or behavior. Target audiences can be governments, organizations, groups, and individuals. A hoax is something intended to deceive or defraud. Propaganda laundering is a method of using a less trusted or less popular platform to publish a story of dubious origin or veracity for the purposes of reporting on that report, rather than the story itself. Advertisements are not only done by businesses but can also be done by certain groups. Astroturfing is when there is an intent and attempt to create the illusion of support for a particular cause, person, or stance. Clickbait refers to headlines of online news articles that are sensationalized or sometimes completely fake. Search engine marketing websites use market research, from past searches and other sources, to increase their visibility in search engine results pages. This allows them to guide search results along the lines they desire, and thereby influence searchers. Smoke Screen technique consists of making the public focus its attention on a topic that is more convenient for the propagandist. Refuting arguments by appealing to nationalism or by inspiring fear and hate towards a foreign country or to all the foreigners. Straw Man consists of appearing to refute the opponent's argument while actually attacking another topic. Incriminate someone in order to argue the innocence of someone else.

Media Manipulation Techniques (wiki) - Sensationalize

Psychological Manipulation is a type of social influence that aims to change the behavior or perception of others through abusive, deceptive, or underhanded tactics. By advancing the interests of the manipulator, often at another's expense, such methods could be considered exploitative, abusive, devious, and deceptive. Psychological Warfare.

Information Manipulation Theory provides a way of looking at a unique part of the interpersonal communication process that deals with the way in which information packages (in the form of messages) are put together when being transmitted from a sender to a receiver in order to give an impression that is false from the perspective of the sender. Financial Manipulation.

Gas-Lighting is to manipulate someone by psychological means into questioning their own sanity. Gaslighting is a form of manipulation and a tactic that seeks to create doubt in a targeted individual or in members of a targeted group, hoping to make them question their own memory, perception and sanity, which makes a victim question their reality. It is a common technique used by abusers, narcissists, dictators and cult leaders in order to gain more power and control over people who are unaware because of their lack of knowledge and information. Seven "warning signs" of gaslighting are the observed abuser's: Withholding information from the victim; Countering information to fit the abuser's perspective; Discounting information; Using verbal abuse, usually in the form of jokes; Blocking and diverting the victim's attention from outside sources; Trivializing ("minimising") the victim's worth; and, Undermining the victim by gradually weakening them and their thought processes. Hiding. The abuser may hide things from the victim and cover up what they have done. Instead of feeling ashamed, the abuser may convince the victim to doubt their own beliefs about the situation and turn the blame on themselves. Changing. The abuser feels the need to change something about the victim. Whether it be the way the victim dresses or acts, they want the victim to mold into their fantasy. If the victim does not comply, the abuser may convince the victim that he or she is in fact not good enough. Control. The abuser may want to fully control and have power over the victim. In doing so, the abuser will try to seclude them from other friends and family so only they can influence the victim's thoughts and actions. The abuser gets pleasure from knowing the victim is being fully controlled by them.

Mind Games are a conscious struggle for psychological one-upmanship, often employing passive–aggressive behavior to specifically demoralize or dis-empower the thinking subject, making the aggressor look superior; also referred to as power games, head games, mind fuckery or head fuckery. The unconscious games played by people engaged in ulterior transactions of which they are not fully aware, and which transactional analysis considers to form a central element of social life all over the world.

Connive is to plot to do something harmful. To scheme in an underhand manner. To encourage or assent to illegally or criminally manipulate someone.

One-Upmanship is the art or practice of successively outdoing a competitor by discomfiting him. Often employing passive–aggressive behavior to specifically demoralize or dis-empower the thinking subject, making the aggressor look superior; also referred to as power games and head games. A type of unconscious game played by people engaged in ulterior transactions of which they are not fully aware of.

Creeping Normality is the way a major change can be accepted as a normal situation if it happens slowly through unnoticeable increments of change. The change could otherwise be regarded as objectionable if it took place in a single step or short period.

Boiling Frog is a scenario where if you put a frog into tepid water and then the water is brought to a boil slowly, the frog will not perceive the danger and will be cooked to death. The story is often used as a metaphor for the inability or unwillingness of people to react to or be aware of sinister threats that arise gradually rather than suddenly. Climate Change.

Overton Window postulated that the degrees of acceptance of public ideas are roughly: Unthinkable, Radical, Acceptable, Sensible, Popular, Policy.

Deceive is being false and dishonest with someone to make them believe a lie

Deception is the act of propagating a belief that is not true, or is not the whole truth (as in half-truths or omission) in order to exploit the obfuscation created by deceiving. Deception can involve dissimulation, propaganda, and sleight of hand, as well as distraction, camouflage, or concealment. There is also self-deception, as in bad faith. It can also be called, with varying subjective implications, beguilement, deceit, bluff, mystification, ruse, or subterfuge. Theft by Deception.

Lied to - Ponzi Scheme - Slander - Rumors

Someone is Pulling the Wool over your Eyes means to deceive, to hoodwink, to trick or cheat someone by giving them wrong information or money. Conceal one's true motives from, especially by elaborately feigning good intentions so as to gain an end; The saying originated around the 1700's when men and women wore of woolen wigs.

Guise is a presentation typically concealing the true nature of something. Appearance or form that is deliberately misleading. An erroneous mental representation, containing or characterized by error.

Curse of knowledge is a cognitive bias that occurs when, in predicting others' forecasts or behaviors, individuals are unable to ignore the knowledge they have that others do not have, or when they are unable to disregard information already processed.

False-Consensus Effect - Popularity

You are not informed, you are mostly deformed.

Distortion is the alteration of the original shape of something. In communications and electronics it means the alteration of the waveform of an information-bearing signal, such as an audio signal representing sound or a video signal representing images, in an electronic device or communication channel.

Deformed is a deliberately invalid argument displaying fantasy in reasoning in the hope of deceiving someone (sophistry). To change the meaning of facts or to be vague about an event in order to mislead or deceive other people. To alter the shape of something in order to make it have no definite form or distinct shape, or to be so badly formed or out of shape as to be ugly.

Skewed is something biased or distorted in a way that is regarded as inaccurate, unfair, or misleading. Skewed can also mean a sudden change in direction or position. A twist or turn.

Reframing the Narrative is changing the story changing or changing the meaning of the story, which means either something has happened that changes things or you are making something happen that change things, or you are choosing to focus on something else that happened which changes the story/narrative.

Impression Management is a conscious or subconscious process in which people attempt to influence the perceptions of other people about a person, object or event. They do so by regulating and controlling information in social interaction.

Perception Management are actions to convey and/or deny selected information and indicators to foreign audiences to influence their emotions, motives, and objective reasoning as well as to intelligence systems and leaders at all levels to influence official estimates, ultimately resulting in foreign behaviors and official actions favorable to the originator's objectives. In various ways, perception management combines truth projection, operations security, cover and deception, and psychological operations. "Perception" is defined as the "process by which individuals select, organize, and interpret the input from their senses to give meaning and order to the world around them". This definition overlaps with the higher-order perceptual processes as defined biologically (the lower-order biological processes are in no way susceptible to management; these low-level processes include a great deal of underlying perceptual categorization performed prior to conscious categorization.). Components of perception include the perceiver, target of perception, and the situation. Factors that influence the perceiver: Schema: organization and interpretation of information based on past experiences and knowledge. Motivational state: needs, values, and desires of a perceiver at the time of perception. Mood: emotions of the perceiver at the time of perception. Factors that influence the target: Ambiguity: a lack of clarity. If ambiguity increases, the perceiver may find it harder to form an accurate perception. Social status: a person's real or perceived position in society or in an organization. Impression management: an attempt to control the perceptions or impressions of others. Targets are likely to use impression management tactics when interacting with perceivers who have power over them. Several impression management tactics include behavioral matching between the target of perception and the perceiver, self-promotion (presenting one's self in a positive light), conforming to situational norms, appreciating others, or being consistent. There are nine strategies for perception management. According to Kegon Thomas, these include: Preparation – Having clear goals and knowing the ideal position you want people to hold. Credibility – Make sure all of your information is consistent, often using prejudices or expectations to increase credibility. Multichannel support – Have multiple arguments and fabricated facts to reinforce your information. Centralized control – Employing entities such as propaganda ministries or bureaus. Security – The nature of the deception campaign is known by few. Flexibility – The deception campaign adapts and changes over time as needs change. Coordination – The organization or propaganda ministry is organized in a hierarchical pattern in order to maintain consistent and synchronized distribution of information. Concealment – Contradicting information is destroyed. Untruthful statements – Fabricate the truth. Perception Management Events: Perception management is often used by an organization in the following major events: Dealing with perception-threatening events: Include such events as scandals, accidents, product failures, controversial identity changes, upcoming performance reviews, and introduction of new identity or vision. Dealing with perception-enhancing events: Include such events as positive/negative ranking or rating by industry groups, overcoming hardships, and achievement of desired goals. Following are the examples of perception management in relation to specific organizations or communities.


Exploitation - Abusive Manipulation


Exploitation is to manipulate and victimize other people and treat people unfairly for selfish gains.

Exploit is to unfairly manipulate people or a system to one's advantage. The action or fact of treating someone unfairly in order to benefit from their work. Exploiting Resources - Monopolies - Loopholes.

Exploitation of Labor is the act of treating one's workers unfairly for one's own benefit.

Overexploitation refers to harvesting a renewable resource to the point of diminishing returns. Continued overexploitation can lead to the destruction of the resource. The term applies to natural resources such as: wild medicinal plants, grazing pastures, game animals, fish stocks, forests, and water aquifers.

Exploitation of Natural Resources is the negligent and criminal use of natural resources at the expense of people and environmental degradation.

Exploitation Film is a film that attempts to succeed financially by exploiting current trends, niche genres, or lurid content.

Globalization is the process of international integration arising from the interchange of world views, products, ideas, and other aspects of culture. Not a Collective Intelligence or a Democracy. More about a New World Order.

What is the News supposed to be?

Newspeak is a controlled language created by the totalitarian state Oceania as a tool to limit freedom of thought, and concepts that pose a threat to the regime such as freedom, self-expression, individuality, and peace. Any form of thought alternative to the party’s construct is classified as "thought-crime".

Mass Psychogenic illness is "the rapid spread of illness signs and symptoms affecting members of a cohesive group.

Mass Hysteria is a phenomenon that transmits collective allusions of threats etc., whether real or imaginary, through a population in society as a result of rumors and fear (memory acknowledgment).

Gustave Le Bon is best known for his 1895 work The Crowd: A Study of the Popular Mind, which is considered one of the seminal works of crowd psychology.

Crowd Psychology relates to the behaviors and thought processes of both the individual crowd members and the crowd as an entity.

Crowd behavior is heavily influenced by the loss of responsibility of the individual and the impression of universality of behavior, both of which increase with the size of the crowd.

Viruses of the Mind is an essay that discusses how religion can be viewed as a meme, which is an idea, behavior, or style that spreads from person to person within a culture.

There is a good reason why Hearsay is not considered evidence in a court of law. Validity.

Psychobabble is a form of speech or writing that uses psychological jargon, buzzwords, and esoteric language to create an impression of truth or plausibility. Expert?

Coercion is the practice of forcing another party to act in an involuntary manner by use of intimidation or threats or some other form of pressure or force. Marketing.

Indoctrination is the process of forcibly inculcating ideas, attitudes, cognitive strategies or a professional methodology (see doctrine) by coercion. Conspiring institutions such as police and mental hospitals have been widely used as a modus operandi of indoctrinators. Confidence Trick.

Hostile Media Effect is a perceptual theory of mass communication that refers to the tendency for individuals with a strong preexisting attitude on an issue to perceive that ostensibly neutral, even-handed media coverage of the topic is biased against their side and in favor of their antagonists' point of view.

Media Bias is the bias or perceived bias of journalists and news producers within the mass media in the selection of events and stories that are reported and how they are covered. Prejudice.

Availability Heuristic is a mental shortcut that relies on immediate examples that come to a given person's mind when evaluating a specific topic, concept, method or decision. The availability heuristic operates on the notion that if something can be recalled, it must be important, or at least more important than alternative solutions which are not as readily recalled. Subsequently, under the availability heuristic, people tend to heavily weigh their judgments toward more recent information, making new opinions biased toward that latest news. we overestimate the importance of events that are more readily available in our memory. We make decisions based on immediate examples that come to mind, which is often efficient, but not always effective.


Exaggerations - Stretching the Truth


Exaggeration is making something more noticeable or more important than it really is. Someone who imagines things or pretends to know something or makes assumptions. Sensationalize - Farce.

Exaggerate is to enlarge something beyond the truth. To do something to an excessive degree. Exaggerate is the opposite of downplaying something that is important or being vague about something important.

Lying - Fantasy - Over-Statement - Rumors (make things up) - Ego

Hyperbole is the use of exaggeration as a rhetorical device or figure of speech.

Hyperbolic is something enlarged beyond truth or reasonableness. Rhetoric - Narrative.

Paradox is a statement that, despite apparently sound reasoning from true premises, leads to a self-contradictory or a logically unacceptable conclusion.

If you add a little truth when you're telling a Lie, then more people will be more likely to believe that lie. If you tell the truth most of the time, then more people will have a tendency to believe you when you all of a sudden tell a lie. When people seldom question what they hear or read, then they will most likely believe lies without questioning the accuracy of that information. When people conform to a reality that has been manufactured for them, they will most likely never question that reality, even when disasters or catastrophes are caused by that manufactured reality. Fact Checking (Watch Dogs).

Sometimes there are things that are more important to some people and not so important to other people. But if you lie about the importance of something, then people may misunderstand the importance and make mistakes or make bad decisions. Distractions can kill, and alarm fatigue can make you vulnerable.

Lying by Omission occurs when an important fact is left out in order to foster a misconception. Lying by omission includes the failure to correct pre-existing misconceptions. (also known as a continuing misrepresentation or quote mining).

Half-Truth is a deceptive statement that includes some element of truth. The statement might be partly true, the statement may be totally true but only part of the whole truth, or it may use some deceptive element, such as improper punctuation, or double meaning, especially if the intent is to deceive, evade, blame or misrepresent the truth.

Evasion is a statement that is not literally false but that cleverly avoids an unpleasant truth. Vague.

Pandering is the act of expressing one's views in accordance with the likes of a group to which one is attempting to appeal. In pandering, the views one is expressing are merely for the purpose of drawing support up to and including votes and do not necessarily reflect one's personal values.

False Attribution occurs when an advocate appeals to an irrelevant, unqualified, unidentified, biased, or fabricated source in support of an argument. Cognitive Dissonance.

Loaded Language is wording that attempts to influence an audience by using appeal to emotion or stereotypes. Such wording is also known as high-inference language or language persuasive techniques. Loaded words and phrases have strong emotional implications and involve strongly positive or negative reactions beyond their literal meaning. For example, the phrase tax relief refers literally to changes that reduce the amount of tax citizens must pay. However, use of the emotive word relief implies that all tax is an unreasonable burden to begin with. Loaded Language is rhetoric used to influence an audience by using words and phrases with strong connotations associated with them in order to invoke an emotional response and/or exploit stereotypes. Labels—such as calling an organization a cult, an individual a racist, terrorist, or freedom fighter, or a sexual practice a perversion—may express contentious opinion and are best avoided unless widely used by reliable sources to describe the subject, in which case use in-text attribution. Avoid myth in its informal sense, and establish the scholarly context for any formal use of the term.

Examples of Loaded Language: You want to go to the mall, don't you? Do you really want to associate with those people? Collateral damage versus innocent loss of life. Pro-life versus pro-choice. Freedom fighters versus terrorists. Secretary versus personal assistant. Extermination versus liquidation or cleansing. Euthanasia versus killing. Taking one’s life versus suicide. Bravery versus discretion. Letting someone go versus firing. Some Say, Experts Say, Critics Say? Who exactly said it? And what evidence and facts do they have? Transition Words.

Cult of Personality arises when an individual uses mass media, propaganda, or other methods to create an idealized, heroic, and at times worshipful image, often through unquestioning flattery and praise.

Sociolinguistics is the effect of any and all aspects of society, including cultural norms, expectations, and context, on the way language is used, and the effects of language use on society.

Word Games

You have to be aware of words like may, "Maybe" or "Could", which usually means that someone has no idea what the truth is, also the phrase "Is Expected to Be" "Reportedly" or "Can Be". It may be pink elephants, could be signs of alien life from another planet, speculation instead of just saying "We have no freaking idea, because we don't have enough information in order to make a reasonable conclusion, or base an opinion on."

Dog-Whistle Politics is political messaging employing coded language that appears to mean one thing to the general population but has an additional, different, or more specific resonance for a targeted subgroup. The analogy is to a dog whistle, whose ultrasonic whistling sound is heard by dogs but inaudible to humans. The term can be distinguished from "code words" used in some specialist professions, in that dog-whistling is specific to the political realm. The messaging referred to as the dog-whistle has an understandable meaning for a general audience, rather than being incomprehensible.

Code Word as a Figure of Speech is a word or a phrase designed to convey a predetermined meaning to a receptive audience, while remaining inconspicuous to the uninitiated.

Weasel Word is an informal term for words and phrases such as "researchers believe" and "most people think" which make arguments appear specific or meaningful, even though these terms are at best ambiguous and vague. Using weasel words may allow someone to later deny any specific meaning if the statement is challenged, because the statement was never specific in the first place. Weasel words can be a form of tergiversation, and may be used in advertising and political statements to mislead. Weasel words can soften or under-state a biased or otherwise controversial statement. An example of this is using terms like "somewhat" or "in most respects", which make a sentence more ambiguous than it would be without them. Weasel words are words and phrases aimed at creating an impression that something specific and meaningful has been said, when in fact only a vague or ambiguous claim has been communicated. A common form of weasel wording is through vague attribution, where a statement is dressed with authority, yet has no substantial basis. Phrases such as those above present the appearance of support for statements but can deny the reader the opportunity to assess the source of the viewpoint. They may disguise a biased view. Claims about what people say, think, feel, or believe, and what has been shown, demonstrated, or proved should be clearly attributed. Transition Words.

English Modal Verbs a small class of auxiliary verbs used mostly to express modality (properties such as possibility, obligation, etc.).

Linguistic Modality is a feature of language that allows for communicating things about, or based on, situations which need not be actual. Persuasion.

Half-Truth is a deceptive statement that includes some element of truth. The statement might be partly true, the statement may be totally true but only part of the whole truth, or it may use some deceptive element, such as improper punctuation, or double meaning, especially if the intent is to deceive, evade, blame or misrepresent the truth. Lie.

False Dilemma is a type of informal fallacy that involves a situation in which only limited alternatives are considered, when in fact there is at least one additional option. Catch 22.

Make a Mountain out of a Molehill is to greatly exaggerate the severity of the situation. Similar idioms include Much ado about nothing and Making a song and dance about nothing.

Displacement is an unconscious defense mechanism whereby the mind transfers emotions, ideas, or wishes and substitutes either a new aim or a new object for goals felt in their original form to be dangerous or unacceptable.


Spreading Rumors - Gossiping


Wisper a Secret in your Ear Gossip is a rumor about the personal or private affairs of others that is usually based on no real evidence and never tells the whole story, and this second hand information is usually repeated in basic conversation because it sounds crazy and funny to say.

Hearsay is something that is heard through another person or a stranger, rather than hearing information directly from the source or from the person closest to the facts. Hearsay evidence, in a legal forum, is testimony from a witness under oath who is reciting an out-of-court statement, content of which is being offered to prove the truth of the matter asserted. In most courts, hearsay evidence is inadmissible and not accepted as valid because one cannot cross examine the person who is making the statement since that person is not in court. So the information is seen as being unreliable because you can't prove that the statement is accurate or true when the declarant or witness is not present. A statement made by someone other than the witness reporting it is called hearsay, and hearsay is something that can not be presented to the jury or be shown to a decision maker, and may also be irrelevant to the case. Eye Witness Errors.

Rumor is gossip that is usually a mixture of truth and untruth that is passed around by word of mouth from person to person.

Subtle Lies - Hoax - Conspiracy Theory - Frivolous

Echolalia is the meaningless repetition of another person's spoken words as a symptom of psychiatric disorder. A mechanical and meaningless repetition of the words of another person. Echolalia is the unsolicited repetition of vocalizations made by another person (when repeated by the same person, it is called palilalia). In its profound form it is automatic and effortless. It is one of the echophenomena, closely related to echopraxia, the automatic repetition of movements made by another person; both are "subsets of imitative behavior" whereby sounds or actions are imitated "without explicit awareness". Echolalia may be an immediate reaction to a stimulus or may be delayed.

Echo is to say something again or to imitate someone's words. A reply that repeats what has just been said. Fill for a short time with sound and echoes. Echo is the repetition of a sound resulting from reflection of the sound waves. Echo is a reflection of sound that arrives at the listener with a delay after the direct sound. The delay is directly proportional to the distance of the reflecting surface from the source and the listener. Typical examples are the echo produced by the bottom of a well, by a building, or by the walls of an enclosed room and an empty room. A true echo is a single reflection of the sound source. (audio signal processing and acoustics). Echo Chamber.

Illusory Truth Effect is the idea that if you repeat something often enough, people will have the tendency to believe false information. After repeated exposure to the same information, people will slowly start to believe something to be true, even when it's not.

Semantic Satiation is a psychological phenomenon in which repetition causes a word or phrase to temporarily lose meaning for the listener, who then perceives the speech as repeated meaningless sounds.

Bad-Jacketing is the practice of creating suspicion or doubt through the spreading of rumors, manufacture of evidence, etc.

Pathological Liar tells lies and stories that fall somewhere between conscious lying and delusion. They sometimes believe their own lies.

Second Hand News is information, opinions or stories that you hear from other people instead of hearing the information directly from the source or directly from your own experience. Most of what you hear in the news is second hand news that comes from strangers who are just repeating other second hand news that they heard, so in a sense, most news is third hand news and sometimes even forth hand news.

Be very careful what you tell someone because they can repeat what you said out of context and say it differently than you did, which means that people hearing the message can easily misunderstand what you originally said and then the message can be interpreted it incorrectly. A message can change when repeated from person to person. Generation Loss.

Chinese Whispers is an internationally popular children's game in which players form a line, and the first player comes up with a message and whispers it to the ear of the second person in the line. The second player repeats the message to the third player, and so on. When the last player is reached, they announce the message they heard to the entire group. The first person then compares the original message with the final version. Although the objective is to pass around the message without it becoming garbled along the way, part of the enjoyment is that, regardless, this usually ends up happening. Errors typically accumulate in the retellings, so the statement announced by the last player differs significantly from that of the first player, usually with amusing or humorous effect. Reasons for changes include anxiousness or impatience, erroneous corrections, the difficult-to-understand mechanism of whispering, and that some players may deliberately alter what is being said to guarantee a changed message by the end of the line. Repeating a message three times may be more effective. Cultural Knowledge is one reason why passing on accurate information is extremely important.

Allegation is a claim of a fact by a party in a pleading, charge, or defense. Until they can be proved, allegations remain merely assertions with no supporting evidence. Negative Campaign - Freedom of Speech Abuses.

Attack Adds - Molding Public Opinion - Slander - Profiling - Fallacies

“Surrounded by enemies and spies catching and perverting every word that falls from my lips or flows from my pen, and inventing where facts fail them.” Thomas Jefferson.

Quoting out of Context is an informal fallacy and a type of false attribution in which a passage is removed from its surrounding matter in such a way as to distort its intended meaning. Contextomies are stereotypically intentional, but may also occur accidentally if someone misinterprets the meaning and omits something essential to clarifying it, thinking it non-essential.

Impression Management is a conscious or subconscious process in which people attempt to influence the perceptions of other people about a person, object or event. They do so by regulating and controlling information in social interaction.

Suggestion is the psychological process by which one person guides the thoughts, feelings, or behavior of another.

Hypnotize - Brainwashing

Scandal can be broadly defined as an accusation or accusations that receive wide exposure. Generally there is a negative effect on the credibility of the person or organization involved. Society is scandalized when it is made aware of blatant breaches of moral norms or legal requirements.

Word Salad is a "confused or unintelligible mixture of seemingly random words and phrases".

Gaffe is a verbal mistake, usually made in a social environment. The mistake may come from saying something that is true, but inappropriate. It may also be an erroneous attempt to reveal a truth. Back-Pedaling.

Freudian Slip is an error in speech, memory, or physical action that is interpreted as occurring due to the interference of an unconscious subdued wish or internal train of thought.

Straw Man is a common form of argument and is an informal fallacy based on giving the impression of refuting an opponent's argument, while actually refuting an argument that was not advanced by that opponent.

Connotation is a commonly understood cultural or emotional association that some word or phrase carries, in addition to the word's or phrase's explicit or literal meaning, which is its denotation. A connotation is frequently described as either positive or negative, with regards to its pleasing or displeasing emotional connection.

Paraphrase is a restatement of the meaning of a text or passage using other words.

Rumors and Lies comes in many forms, and is one the main reason why there have been so many genocides today and throughout human history. Rumors and lies can cause ignorant reactions from people, especially people who are pretending to know something or pretending to understand something. If you are not learning and researching the facts, you will always be a fool and a sucker for anyone who knows how to push your button. A button that you're supposed to be in control of. When you are presented with information, you should always ask these questions...Do I have any biases toward the source of this information? Do I have any previous knowledge that would help me to clearly understand this information? How can I verify if this information has any truth to it? Does this information create more questions than it answers? Is this information relevant to me personally? Does this information have any value? What are my priorities?


False Accusations - Blaming Other People - Who's Actually Responsible


False Flag Attack is a covert operation that is designed to deceive people into believing that a crime or an attack appears as though it was carried out by other entities or terrorists, other than those who actually planned and executed the crime or the attack, like a state sponsored attack that also uses propaganda to confuse people even more.

Fear - Shock - Threats - 9-11 - Blaming - Divide and Conquer - Provoke - Disaster Capitalism

Diversionary Tactics - Distractions - Sedition - Sabotage - Subversion - Information Warfare

Deception Operations - Celle Hole - World War II Deception Operations - 1995 CIA Disinformation Controversy.

Premeditated Coincidence - Inside Job - Ponzi Scheme - Confusion - People Just Following Orders.

Pentagon MASCAL was an October 26, 2000 exercise required emergency response teams, members of the defense protective services, and U.S. government officials to conduct emergency simulations in preparation for a possible plane crash into the Pentagon.

The Lone Gunmen TV Series was on March 4, 2001, to June 1, 2001, on Fox was about government-sponsored terrorism, the development of a surveillance society and corporate crime. In the premiere episode, which aired March 4, 2001, members of the U.S. government conspire to hijack an airliner, almost hitting the World Trade Center, and blame the act on terrorists to gain support for a new profit-making war. The episode aired six months prior to the September 11 attacks.

Preview is the showing of a movie, play, exhibition, etc., before its official opening or before it becomes generally known and open to the public. A preview is the commentary and appraisal of a forthcoming film, play, book, etc., based on an advance viewing. To preview is to view something before it is bought or before it officially goes on sale and is available. Preview is the process of inspecting the appearance of a document before it is printed. To see or inspect something before it is used or before it becomes generally available.

State-Sponsored Terrorism is government support of violent non-state actors engaged in terrorism. Straw Purchase.

Gleiwitz Incident was a false flag attack on the German radio station Sender Gleiwitz, staged by Nazi Germany on the night of 31 August 1939. Along with some two dozen similar incidents, the attack was manufactured by Germany as a casus belli to justify the invasion of Poland, which began the next morning. The attackers posed as Polish nationals.

Covert Operation is an operation that is so planned and executed as to conceal the identity of or permit plausible denial by the sponsor. Inciting Violence - Freedom of Speech Abuses.

Smoke Screen is an action intended or designed to disguise, deceive, trick or conceal someone's real intentions or activities.

Agent Provocateur is a person who commits or who acts to entice another person to commit an illegal or rash act or falsely implicate them in partaking in an illegal act, so as to ruin the reputation or entice legal action against the target or a group they belong to. An agent provocateur may be a member of a law enforcement agency acting out of their own sense of duty or under orders, or other entity. They may target any group, such as a peaceful protest or demonstration, a union, a political party or a company. Prevention of infiltration by agents provocateurs, is part of the duty of demonstration marshals, also called stewards, deployed by organizers of large or controversial assemblies. Entrapment.

Infiltrate is to enter a group or organization in order to spy on the members or to commit sabotage or a deliberate act of destruction or disruption in order to cause damaged or ruin, or to tarnish the reputation of a group.

Sow Discord is to say and do things which cause a group as a whole to distrust one another, and begin to argue and then to fight. Usually the 'sower' is acting AS IF he is not trying to cause arguments. Sowing discord is something done in secret, by deceit and subterfuge (sneakiness, gossip and lies).

Undercover Operation is to avoid detection by the entity one is observing, and especially to disguise one's own identity or use an assumed identity for the purposes of gaining the trust of an individual or organization to learn or confirm confidential information or to gain the trust of targeted individuals in order to gather information or evidence.

Decoy is usually a person, device, or event meant as a distraction, to conceal what an individual or a group might be looking for.

Red Herring is something that misleads or distracts from a relevant or important issue. False Alarms.

Deflect is to turn aside and away from an initial or intended course. Misdirection - Click Bait.

Publicity Stunts is a planned event designed to attract the public's attention to the event's organizers or their cause. Publicity stunts can be professionally organized, or set up by amateurs.

Predictive Programming is when conspirators plan a false flag operation, and they hide references to it in the popular media before the atrocity takes place; when the event occurs, the public has softened up, and therefore passively accepts it rather than offering resistance or opposition.

Proxy War is when an outside country is funding armed insurgents and paramilitary organizations within another country to cause the country to fight among themselves. While the outside country profits from weapon sales, it also makes the country weaker so that the outside country can exploit and manipulate the other country for resources.

Economic Sabotage (political weapons)

Subjugation is forced submission to control by others. The act of subjugating by cruelty. Fear.

War Profiteer is any person or organization that profits from warfare or by selling weapons and other goods to parties at war. Capitalism Abuse.

Sabotage is a deliberate action aimed at weakening a government or corporation through subversion, obstruction, disruption or destruction. Espionage - Order out of Chaos.

Treason is lying about being loyal to your country, family or friends. Aiding an enemy. Traitor. Morally damaged. Betrayal - Contradictory. Stratagems is an elaborate or deceitful scheme contrived to deceive or evade.

Demoralization Warfare a process in psychological warfare with the objective to erode morale among enemy combatants and/or noncombatants. That can encourage them to retreat, surrender, or defect rather than defeating them in combat.

Militant Liberty was a top secret United States Department of Defense project that aimed to utilize information operations and resources at the Pentagon’s disposal to counteract the ideological threat of Communism during the Cold War.

Enemy is an individual or a group that is considered as forcefully adverse or threatening. The concept of an enemy has been observed to be "basic for both individuals and communities". The term "enemy" serves the social function of designating a particular entity as a threat, thereby invoking an intense emotional response to that entity. The state of being or having an enemy is enmity, foehood or foeship.

TSA - Observation Flaws.

Atrocity Propaganda is the spreading of information about the crimes committed by an enemy, which can be factual, but often includes or features deliberate fabrications or exaggerations. This can involve photographs, videos, illustrations, interviews, and other forms of information presentation or reporting. The inherently violent nature of war means that exaggeration and invention of atrocities often becomes the main staple of propaganda. Patriotism is often not enough to make people hate, and propaganda is also necessary. "So great are the psychological resistances to war in modern nations", wrote Harold Lasswell, "that every war must appear to be a war of defense against a menacing, murderous aggressor. There must be no ambiguity about who the public is to hate." Human testimony is deemed unreliable even in ordinary circumstances, but in wartime, it can be further muddled by bias, sentiment, and misguided patriotism, becoming of no value whatsoever in establishing the truth. According to Paul Linebarger, atrocity propaganda leads to real atrocities, as it incites the enemy into committing more atrocities, and, by heating up passions, it increases the chances of one's own side committing atrocities, in revenge for the ones reported in propaganda. Atrocity propaganda might also lead the public to mistrust reports of actual atrocities. In January 1944, Arthur Koestler wrote of his frustration at trying to communicate what he had witnessed in Nazi-occupied Europe: the legacy of anti-German stories during World War I, many of which were debunked in the postwar years, meant that these reports were received with considerable amounts of skepticism. Like propaganda, atrocity rumors detailing exaggerated or invented crimes perpetrated by enemies are also circulated to vilify the opposing side. (In WW1, stories of German soldiers impaling children on their bayonets was based on extremely flimsy evidence).

Overture is a tentative suggestion designed to elicit the reactions of others.

"I can hire one half of the working class to kill the other half". -Jay Gould

Correlation does not necessarily prove Causation.

Making people fight each other and stay divided (an old trick still being used)

It is disturbing to know that there are people in power who will trick and force people to kill other people by labeling and profiling other people so that brainwashed killers can use prejudice as a reason to commit murder against other people. And there is no other people, there are humans, and you are a human. And Murder is illegal and a sin for many reasons. Undereducated people will always be corrupted by power, and undereducated people will always be easy to manipulate and control. And the only protection from ignorance is to educate yourself to the highest degree possible. You will never stop the murders or the crimes using ignorant minds. Don't look for a weapon, look for knowledge, it is the only true path to power, freedom and control. There is no other path. And the path some people are on now is the path to hell. And the gates to hell are all around us. And the only way to avoid these gates to hell is to learn as much as you can about yourself and the world around you. Having choices comes from learning. The Key is Knowledge.

Powerful people take advantage peoples devotion to their Religion as a way to provoke and antagonize people into fighting. Which then they use as a reason to attack and kill innocent people. Same way they use peoples patriotism as way to manipulate brave man and women into fighting wars that there is no need for, except to make profits for war profiteers.

To all people, and to all faiths and all religions, "Do not let these criminals manipulate you into fighting, or let them paralyze you with fear and lies. Don't give these criminals the satisfaction of a reaction, because they will feed on it like a deadly virus. Stay calm, stay alert and educate yourselves. We have a world to save, and working together is our greatest strength and our only hope. So please have faith, but be extremely careful not to let your faith or your biases keep you from communicating, or keep you from making improvements in yourself or the world around you. Scumbag Criminals want to trick people into fighting, this way they can then create false excuses to abuse and murder even more people, using the guise of war.

Guise
is concealing the true nature of something, a semblance, an outward or token appearance or form that is deliberately misleading. Not genuine or real. Not Factual.

Divide and Rule is gaining and maintaining power by breaking up larger concentrations of power into pieces that individually have less power than the one implementing the strategy. The concept refers to a strategy that breaks up existing power structures, and especially prevents smaller power groups from linking up, causing rivalries and fomenting discord among the people.

"When the tyrant has disposed of foreign enemies by conquest or treaty and there is nothing to fear from them, then he is always stirring up some war or other, in order that the people may require a leader." - Plato.

Black Operation involves a significant degree of deception, to conceal who is behind it or to make it appear that some other entity is responsible ("false flag" operations). Hidden Agenda. Blame.

Dr. Carol Rosin - The nineteenth UFO Disclosure Project Witness (19th) (youtube)

Phoenix Program was designed to identify and "neutralize" (via infiltration, capture, counter-terrorism, interrogation, and assassination) the infrastructure of the National Liberation Front of South Vietnam (NLF or Viet Cong).

Feint are maneuvers designed to distract or mislead, done by giving the impression that a certain maneuver will take place, while in fact another, or even none, will. In military tactics and many types of combat, there are two types of feints: feint attacks and feint retreats.

Quaker Gun was simply a wooden log, usually painted black, used to deceive an enemy. Misleading the enemy as to the strength of an emplacement was an effective delaying tactic.

Ghost Army to impersonate other Allied Army units to deceive the enemy.

Economic Hit Men

Witch-Hunt is the act of seeking and persecuting any perceived enemy, particularly when the search is conducted using extreme measures and with little regard to actual guilt or innocence. It is used whether or not it is sanctioned by the government, or merely occurs within the "court of public opinion".


Psychological Torture - Playing with your Mind


Psychological Operations are planned operations to convey selected information and indicators to audiences to influence their emotions, motives, and objective reasoning, and ultimately the behavior of governments, organizations, groups, and individuals.

Psychological Manipulation - Propaganda - Key Words

Psychological Warfare denotes any action which is practiced mainly by psychological methods with the aim of evoking a planned psychological reaction in other people." Various techniques are used, and are aimed at influencing a target audience's value system, belief system, emotions, motives, reasoning, or behavior. Psychological Warfare Techniques (pdf).

Psychological Abuse is a form of abuse, characterized by a person subjecting, or exposing, another person to behavior that may result in psychological trauma, including anxiety, chronic depression, or post-traumatic stress disorder. Such abuse is often associated with situations of power imbalance, such as abusive relationships, bullying, gaslighting and abuse in the workplace.

Psychological Torture is a type of torture that relies primarily on psychological effects, and only secondarily on any physical harm inflicted. Although not all psychological torture involves the use of physical violence, there is a continuum between psychological torture and physical torture. The two are often used in conjunction with one another and often overlap in practice, with the fear and pain induced by physical torture often resulting in long-term psychological effects, and many forms of psychological torture involving some form of pain or coercion. The Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment (commonly known as the United Nations Convention against Torture) is an international human rights treaty, under the review of the United Nations, that aims to prevent torture and other acts of cruel, inhuman, or degrading treatment or punishment around the world. The Convention requires states to take effective measures to prevent torture in any state under their jurisdiction, and forbids states to transport people to any country where there is a reason to believe torture could occur. Abuse - Punishment.

Mind Control is when human thinking can be controlled in a way that it causes an inability to think independently, and also disrupts a persons ability accurately determine facts from lies, and reality from a quasi reality, and involuntary reeducation of basic beliefs and values. (also known as brainwashing, reeducation, brainsweeping, coercive persuasion, thought control, or thought reform). 

Machinations is a crafty and involved plot to achieve sinister ends.

Fraud - Scams - Secrecy - False Flag

Hoax is a deliberately fabricated falsehood made to masquerade as truth. Rumor.

Gimmick is a novel device or idea designed primarily to attract attention or increase appeal, often with little intrinsic value.

Catchphrase is a phrase or expression that has become popular and over used, so eventually the phrase is only used to grab attention and not really communicate anything important. A word that is thrown around.

Cliche is an expression, idea, or element of an artistic work which has become overused to the point of losing its original meaning or effect, even to the point of being trite or irritating, especially when at some earlier time it was considered meaningful or novel.

Double Bluff is an action which is intended to be perceived as a bluff, but which is not.

Subterfuge is something intended to misrepresent the true nature of an activity. A plan or action to hide what you're doing.

Apartheid was a system of racial segregation in South Africa enforced through legislation by the National Party (NP), the governing party from 1948 to 1994. Under apartheid, the rights, associations, and movements of the majority black inhabitants and other ethnic groups were curtailed, and white minority rule was maintained.

Colonization is a process by which a central system of power dominates the surrounding land and its components.

Economic Terrorism

Invasion is when one geopolitical entity aggressively enter territory controlled by another such entity, generally with the objective of either conquering, liberating or re-establishing control or authority over a territory, forcing the partition of a country, altering the established government or gaining concessions from said government, or a combination thereof.


Sensationalizing - Hyped


Sensationalism is subject matter that is calculated to excite and please vulgar tastes. "If it Bleeds, it Leads"

Sensationalism is a type of editorial Bias in mass media in which events and topics in news stories and pieces are overhyped to present biased impressions on events, which may cause a manipulation to the truth of a story. Sensationalism may include reporting about generally insignificant matters and events that do not influence overall society and biased presentations of newsworthy topics in a trivial or tabloid manner contrary to the standards of professional journalism.

Playing on People's Emotions. Emotional manipulation occurs when a person tries to gain power or control by using sneaky, deceptive tactics to change the thinking, behavior, or perceptions of their victim. Praise and Rewards.

Hype is blatant or sensational promotion. Publicize in an exaggerated and often misleading manner. Horror Movies.

Blatant is doing something completely obvious without any attempt at concealment. Conspicuously and offensively loud and given to vehement outcry.

Conspicuously is acting in a manner tending to attract attention. Distraction.

Vehement is marked by extreme intensity of emotions or convictions, sometimes influencing people to react violently. Fervid.

Mind Rape occurs when a person feels as though they have been mentally assaulted viciously by some event or thing.

Aestheticization of Violence is to represent violent crimes as being beautiful or artistically pleasing, usually using images or video.

Media Circus is describing a news event where the media coverage is perceived to be out of proportion to the event being covered, such as the number of reporters at the scene, the amount of news media published or broadcast, and the level of media hype.

Communicating Risks and Vulnerabilities without Doom and Gloom.

Yellow Journalism is a type of journalism that presents little or no legitimate well-researched news and instead uses eye-catching headlines to sell more newspapers. Techniques may include exaggerations of news events, scandal-mongering or sensationalism. By extension, the term yellow journalism is used today as a pejorative to decry any journalism that treats news in an unprofessional or unethical fashion. White Washing.

High Profile Famous People as Bait

Shock Value is the potential of an action (as a public execution), image, text, or other form of communication to provoke a reaction of sharp disgust, shock, anger, fear, or similar negative emotions.

Desensitization in psychology is defined as the diminished emotional responsiveness to a negative or aversive stimulus after repeated exposure to it. It also occurs when an emotional response is repeatedly evoked in situations in which the action tendency that is associated with the emotion proves irrelevant or unnecessary. Alarm Fatigue.

Astonish is to affect with Wonder, something strange and surprising. To be Amazed. Bewildering is something that causes you to be confused emotionally.

Emotional Response - Instigate

Melodrama is a dramatic or literary work in which the plot, which is typically sensational and designed to appeal strongly to the emotions, takes precedence over detailed characterization. Characters are often simply drawn, and may appear stereotyped.

Rubbernecking is the act of staring at something of interest. The term rubbernecking refers to the physical act of craning one's neck, performed in order to get a better view. Rubberneck has been described as a human trait that is associated with morbid curiosity. It can be the cause of traffic jams (sometimes referred to as "gapers' blocks" or "gapers' delay"), as drivers slow down to see what happened in a crash. To turn one's head to stare at something in a foolish manner.

Spoiler a description of an important plot development in a television show, movie, or book which if previously known may reduce surprise or suspense for a first-time viewer or reader. A person or thing that spoils something. A spoiler is an element of a disseminated summary or description of any piece of fiction that reveals any plot elements. Typically, the details of the conclusion of the plot, including the climax and ending, are especially regarded as spoiler material.


Scaring People - Controlled by Fear


Fear Mongering is the deliberate use of fear based tactics including exaggeration and usually repetition to influence the public in order to achieve a desired outcome. It is a tactic used to scare or put fear into those viewing a campaign/advertisement and influence the outcome based on fear.

Alarmist is someone who is considered to be exaggerating a danger and so causing needless worry or panic. But what if the Dangers are Real?

Alarmism is excessive or exaggerated alarm about a real or imagined threat, such as the increases in deaths from an infectious disease. In the news media, alarmism can be a form of yellow journalism where reports sensationalize a story to exaggerate small risks.

Alarm Fatigue - Compassion Fatigue - Censorship by Fear - Anxiety - Abuse - Legal Threat

Cry Wolf is an expression that means to raise a false alarm repeatedly, so people eventually will stop responding to your cries for help, which means when you really do need help, no one will come to your rescue. "Are you going to hell or are you doing well?"

Coverge Bias in the News Fear Conditioning is a behavioral paradigm in which organisms learn to predict aversive events. It is a form of learning in which an aversive stimulus (e.g. an electrical shock) is associated with a particular neutral context (e.g., a room) or neutral stimulus (e.g., a tone), resulting in the expression of Fear Responses to the originally neutral stimulus or context. This can be done by pairing the neutral stimulus with an aversive stimulus (e.g., a shock, loud noise, or unpleasant odor). Eventually, the neutral stimulus alone can elicit the state of fear. In the vocabulary of classical conditioning, the neutral stimulus or context is the "conditional stimulus" (CS), the aversive stimulus is the "unconditional stimulus" (US), and the fear is the "conditional response" (CR).

Fear, Uncertainty and Doubt is a disinformation strategy used in sales, marketing, public relations, talk radio, politics, religion, and propaganda. FUD is generally a strategy to influence perception by disseminating negative and dubious or false information and a manifestation of the appeal to fear.

Learned helplessness is when a person has endured repeated painful or otherwise aversive stimuli which it was unable to escape or avoid. After such experience, the person often fails to learn escape or avoidance in new situations where such behavior would be effective. In other words, the organism learned that it is helpless in aversive situations, that it has lost control, and so it gives up trying. Such a person is said to have acquired learned helplessness. Addictions.

It's easier to provoke negative emotions from people than it is to encourage people to be happy. That's because negative emotions are related to reactions, and some reactions are related to survival. So some people find it easier to be angry and sad, other than finding it easier to be happy and relaxed. People lack control because they lack knowledge. This is the result of people not having enough knowledge and information that would help them to understand themselves, and the world around them, more accurately and more fully. Every human needs to learn control. Control is not something that you are born with. And the knowledge and information that is needed to explain control is also something that people are not born with.

Provoke is to annoy someone continually in order to cause emotions, feelings, and responses. To disturb or bother someone with irritations so that it causes them trouble and unhappiness.

Passivity - Fear - Submission - Trauma - Panic - False Flag

Culture of Fear is the concept that people may incite Fear in the general public to achieve political goals through emotional bias. It is also a term applied to the workplace. Arab with backpack bomb, crazy prank in Croatia (youtube).

Horror Movies (the fear mongering machine disguised as entertainment)

Hot Button Issue is an issue that elicits strong emotions from people. Hot button issues can be extremely divisive.

Folie a deux is a shared psychosis, is a psychiatric syndrome in which symptoms of a delusional belief and hallucinations are transmitted from one individual to another. Social Influences.

Dihydrogen Monoxide Parody involves calling water by an unfamiliar chemical name – most often "dihydrogen monoxide" (DHMO) but also "dihydrogen oxide", "hydroxyl acid" or "hydroxylic acid" – and listing some of water's well-known effects in a particularly alarming manner, such as accelerating corrosion and causing suffocation. The parody often calls for dihydrogen monoxide to be banned, regulated, or labeled as dangerous. It demonstrates how a lack of scientific literacy and an exaggerated analysis can lead to misplaced fears.


Public Relations Propaganda


Engineering of Consent by Edward Bernay's says that public relations activities are planned and executed by trained practitioners in accordance with scientific principles, based on the findings of social scientists. Their dispassionate approach and methods may be likened to those of the engineering professions which stem from the physical sciences. Using sociological and psychological observations to manipulate and influence peoples behavior and getting people to support particular ideas and programs. (1891 − 1995) Edward Bernay's uncle was Sigmund Freud (1856 – 1939).

Manufacturing Consent uses mass media of the U.S. as an effective and powerful ideological tool to carry out a systematic propaganda functions that are perceived to be overt or open and observable, but in reality are just coercion.

Public Relations is the practice of managing the spread of information between an individual or an organization to ultimately persuade people to maintain a certain view about the organization, its leadership, products, or political decisions. Public Relations Techniques (pdf).

Marketing Tactics - Consent - Memory Distortions

Spin is a form of propaganda, achieved through providing a biased interpretation of an event or campaigning to persuade public opinion in favor or against some organization or public figure. While traditional public relations and advertising may also rely on "creative" presentation of the facts, "spin" often implies the use of disingenuous, deceptive, and highly manipulative tactics. Spin is typically applied to events or situations which are deemed to be unfavourable or potentially harmful to the popularity of a person, brand or product. As such, a standard approach used in "spinning" is to reframe, reposition, or otherwise modify the perception of an issue or event, to reduce any negative impact it might have on public opinion.


Persuade - Influence


Persuasion is an attempt to influence a person's beliefs, attitudes, intentions, motivations, or behaviors. Persuasion is a process aimed at changing a person's or a group's attitude or behaviour toward some event, idea, object, or other person(s), by using written, spoken words or visual tools to convey information, feelings, or reasoning, or a combination thereof. Systematic persuasion is the process through which attitudes or beliefs are leveraged by appeals to logic and reason. Heuristic persuasion on the other hand is the process through which attitudes or beliefs are leveraged by appeals to habit or emotion.

Persuade is to cause someone to do something through sound reasoning or argument, or convince someone to believe something, especially after a sustained effort.

Convince is to make someone agree, understand, or realize the truth or validity of something.

Solicit is to make a solicitation or an urgent request for something. To request something urgently or persistently. To incite, move, or persuade someone to some act of lawlessness or insubordination. The act of enticing a person to do something wrong.

Persuasive Technology is broadly defined as technology that is designed to change attitudes or behaviors of the users through persuasion and social influence, but not through coercion. Such technologies are regularly used in sales, diplomacy, politics, religion, military training, public health, and management, and may potentially be used in any area of human-human or human-computer interaction. Most self-identified persuasive technology research focuses on interactive, computational technologies, including desktop computers, Internet services, video games, and mobile devices, but this incorporates and builds on the results, theories, and methods of experimental psychology, rhetoric, and human-computer interaction. The design of persuasive technologies can be seen as a particular case of design with intent.

Persuasion Techniques (wiki) - Marketing - Bribery

Persuasive Writing is a form of writing in which the writer uses words to convince the reader that the writer's opinion is correct in regards to an issue.

Persuasive Definition is a form of definition manipulation which purports to describe the 'true' or 'commonly accepted' meaning of a term, while in reality stipulating an uncommon or altered use, usually to support an argument for some view, or to create or alter rights, duties or crimes. The terms thus defined will often involve emotionally charged but imprecise notions, such as "freedom", "terrorism", "democracy", etc. In argumentation the use of a stipulative definition is sometimes called definist fallacy. Persuasive definitions commonly appear in controversial topics such as politics, sex, and religion, as participants in emotionally charged exchanges will sometimes become more concerned about swaying people to one side or another than expressing the unbiased facts. A persuasive definition of a term is favorable to one argument or unfavorable to the other argument, but is presented as if it were neutral and well-accepted, and the listener is expected to accept such a definition without question. Examples of persuasive definitions include: Atheist – "someone who doesn't yet realize that God exists". Democrat – "a leftist who desires to overtax the corporations and abolish freedom in the economic sphere", Republican – "an old white man who feels threatened by change.". Loyalty – "a tool to get people to do things they don't want to do." Sophistry – "a slogan used by ordinary common sense against educated reason".

Rhetoric is speech used to persuade or motivate particular audiences in specific situations. Talk that is loud, confused and vague. The excessive use of verbal ornamentation. Rhetorical is relating to or concerned with the art of rhetoric.

Narrative - Hyperbole - Brainwashing

Rhetorical Device is a technique that an author or speaker uses to convey to the listener or reader a meaning with the goal of persuading them towards considering a topic from a perspective, using language designed to encourage or provoke an emotional display of a given perspective or action. Rhetorical devices evoke an emotional response in the audience through use of language, but that is not their primary purpose. Rather, by doing so, they seek to make a position or argument more compelling than it would otherwise be.

Exhortation is a communication intended to urge or persuade the recipients to take some action. The act of exhorting; an earnest attempt at persuasion.

Conspiracy - Persuade People with Subconscious Techniques.

Marketing Tricks - Labels - Generalizing - Vague - Keywords

Love Bombing (incite - provoke) - Parasite

Suggestibility is our tendency to take ideas that are suggested by somebody and misattribute them as real memories.

Reverse Psychology is a technique involving the assertion of a belief or behavior that is opposite to the one desired, with the expectation that this approach will encourage the subject of the persuasion to do what actually is desired. This technique relies on the psychological phenomenon of reactance, in which a person has a negative emotional reaction to being persuaded, and thus chooses the option which is being advocated against. This may work especially well on a person who is resistant by nature, while direct requests works best for people who are compliant. The one being manipulated is usually unaware of what is really going on.

Reactance in psychology is an unpleasant motivational arousal or reaction to offers, persons, rules, or regulations that threaten or eliminate specific behavioral freedoms. Reactance occurs when a person feels that someone or something is taking away their choices or limiting the range of alternatives. Reactance can occur when someone is heavily pressured to accept a certain view or attitude. Reactance can cause the person to adopt or strengthen a view or attitude that is contrary to what was intended, and also increases resistance to persuasion. People using reverse psychology are playing on reactance, attempting to influence someone to choose the opposite of what they request.

Middle Men - Cult of Personality - Demagogue

Influence is the effect of one thing or person on another. The power to affect persons or events especially power based on prestige. To induce someone into action by using one's charm. Causing something without any direct or apparent effort. A cognitive factor that tends to have an effect on what you do. One having power to influence another. To give direction to.

Influencer Marketing is a form of social media marketing involving endorsements and product placement from influencers, people and organizations who have a purported expert level of knowledge or social influence in their field. Influencer content may be framed as testimonial advertising; influencers play the role of a potential buyer, or may be involved as third parties. These third parties can be seen in the supply chain (such as retailers or manufacturers) or as value-added influencers, such as journalists, academics, industry analysts, and professional advisers.

Internet Celebrity is a celebrity who has acquired or developed their fame and notability through the Internet. The rise of social media has helped people increase their outreach to a global audience. Influencers can also be typical individuals rather than celebrities, who post their interest and sponsorships with brands. Today the most popular influencers are found on popular platforms like Instagram, YouTube, Snapchat, and TikTok. Within the last decade, studies show that Instagram holds a majority of the influencer population. Sometimes, influencers are known as 'Instagrammers'. Internet celebrities may be recruited by companies for influencer marketing to advertise products to their fans and followers on their platforms. Internet celebrities often function as lifestyle gurus who promote a particular lifestyle or attitude. In this role, they are crucial influencers or multipliers for trends in genres including fashion, beauty, technology, video games, politics, music, and entertainment.

Public Figure is a person, such as a politician, celebrity, social media personality, or business leader, who has a certain social position within a certain scope and a significant influence and so is often widely of concern to the public, can benefit enormously from society, and is closely related to public interests in society.


Leaked Information or Planned Release - Information Warfare


News Leak is the unsanctioned release of confidential information to news media. It can also be the premature publication of information by a news outlet, of information that it has agreed not to release before a specified time, in violation of a news embargo. But some news leaks are done on purpose in order to Distract the public from the truth or to spread lies. Who's the source?

Information Leakage happens whenever a system that is designed to be closed to an eavesdropper reveals some information to unauthorized parties nonetheless.

Information Warfare is a concept involving the use and management of information and communication technology in pursuit of a competitive advantage over an opponent. Information warfare may involve collection of tactical information, assurance(s) that one's own information is valid, spreading of propaganda or disinformation to demoralize or manipulate the enemy and the public, undermining the quality of opposing force information and denial of information-collection opportunities to opposing forces. Information warfare is closely linked to psychological warfare.

Information Warfare is The Quiet War that keeps people busy, distracted, ill-informed and always struggling to survive so that it's easy to control them. This way people will never have the time to learn or even know what is needed to learn. Then conformity will do the rest. A trickle down ignorance where everyone becomes a patsy and a puppet for the sick minds at the top who are too afraid to admit that they're wrong and too afraid to step out from beyond the shadows.

Information Theft - Gag Order - Whistle Blowers

Ideological Subversion is to deliberately distort information, then secretly leak that information to the public while you conceal the real source of that information so that fact checking is extremely difficult to do or is non existent.


Conspiracy - Cover-Up


Conspiracy Theory is a belief that the real reasons why a crime has been committed have not been told, and the real reasons have been hidden from the public, usually because people in the positions of authority have taken part in the crimes that were committed, thus they want to hide certain facts that prove their guilt and their involvement in the crimes committed. When people ask questions to learn about the crime, they are sometimes called a conspiracy theorist in order to make their questions sound crazy, and they do this without ever explaining why they think that something is a conspiracy theory. Just saying that something is a conspiracy theory is a flawed argument. All that you're saying is that people can be fooled, yes we know that. So who's the fool? The absence of proof does not prove anything, except that there's not enough information. Ignorant people like to label things with vague words and phrases, this way they never have to explain what they mean, or explain what they know. People threatening free speech using false accusations and vague words is just another way that people will stay ignorant to the facts. These frivolous attacks is just another tactic to make people afraid to speak up, so most people will never learn the truth. When someone is doing an investigation, they ask questions, they look for evidence, they look for possible suspects, and they look for a cover-up of any kind. Every idea starts out as a theory. Then people do some research and find out what they can learn. This process is the reason why you have everything.

Irony is an event in which what appears, on the surface, to be the case, differs radically from what is actually the case.

The two mains reasons why people believe in conspiracy theories is because people know how easy it is to be fooled. People also know that humans are very capable of doing incredible things that seem impossible. But what people don't know, is how little they know. When you lack knowledge, information and experience, you can be easily fooled. And when you lack knowledge, information and experience, you can easily believe things that are false and highly unlikely.

You're caught in a web of lies that's filled with baseless conspiracies. You're weaving a web that you can't escape from. You have built your own prison in your mind, your own private bubble, where you assume that you're not alone in your bubble because other people are in your bubble with you.

There are over 7.5 billion people in the world, which means that people are making plans with other people every second of everyday, and you have no idea what those plans are. Most all meetings are not open to the public. But even if you are in a meeting, this doesn't mean that you will be involved in the conversation or even be part of the decision making process. And after the meeting, there will be people having conversations without you, again. If you are that ignorant to believe that people are not intelligent enough to make plans without you knowing it, then you are truly a moron. People are doing things that you don't know about, and people are doing things behind your back and behind closed doors. But this will not matter to you. The only time this will matter to you is when something bad happens that effects your life in a negative way. That is when you will want to know who made the decisions that caused this problem. How did this happen? If you have an effect, then usually you can trace it all the way back following all the actions that it took to cause the effect. But you have to investigate. How do you know if or when a good decision was made? And what are you doing to insure that good decisions are being made now and in the future?

Conspiracy Theory Rock By Robert Smigel (youtube)

People saying that the earth is flat is just a clear example of a bad education and ignorance. There are parts of the world that look flat, but that's only that particular part of the earth that is flat, the earth as a whole is round. To put flat earth non-sense under the same category of conspiracy theory, is just wrong and really stupid. To say that any crazy fantasy can go under the category of conspiracy theory just makes the phase conspiracy theory even more vague than it already is. People making ignorant comparisons that are not reality based is just nonsense. These types of things should have their own category, like, "The crazy things that people believe who are actually crazy enough to tell other people."

How do you know if the earth is curved? If you're standing on a beach near the shore and a sailboat sails away from you, it will gradually disappear over the horizon or from the curvature of Earth. First the ships body or hull will disappear and then the mast sails will gradually disappear as the sailboat sails away from you. The Earth has a radius of approximately 3,965 miles. Using the Pythagorean theorem, that calculates to an average curvature of 7.98 inches per mile or approximately 8 inches per mile (squared). For a six-foot tall person, the horizon is a little more than 3 miles (5 km) away. Geometry tells us that the distance of the horizon – i.e. the farthest point the eye can see before Earth curves out beneath our view – depends simply on the height of the observer. If the boat is 60 ft above the water. The observers eye is 10 ft above the water. Then the ship will go below the horizon in 12.52 miles. But if the observers eye was 20 ft above the water then the range would be 14.02 miles when the boat would drop out of view. If our eye is 5 feet about sea level, then the horizon distance is about 1.22459√5=2.738 miles away. An observer with eye level above sea level by 1.70 metres (5 ft 7 in), the horizon is at a distance of about 5 kilometres (3.1 mi). A masthead light is a white light at the front of the boat. The masthead light needs to be visible across 225 degrees and from two miles away. Another similar example would be when you are at the bottom of a hill and you watch someone walk over a hill. As the descend on the other side, first you can't see their legs, then you can't see their their body, and then their head is the last thing you see before they are no longer visible because of the curve of the hill. And you should also be aware of optical illusions and know when they happen.

People who scream conspiracy theory are no different than a heckler. If something is wrong, then explain it. If you have information that will paint a different picture, then share that information. And try not to regurgitate stupid assumptions and opinions that you heard on the TV or read online. Try to use reliable sources.

Heckler is a person who harasses someone by shouting disparaging comments, rude remarks or insults, in order to shame a person or interrupt someone speaking, usually with the intent of disturbing performers or participants, or sometimes just to bring attention to themselves by pretending to be more relevant. A heckler is not a protester or an activist or an antagonist, a heckler is mostly an ignoramus. Just because you're stupid, that doesn't mean everyone else is stupid.

Double Standard (contradictions) - Social Engineering - Manipulation

Mutiny is a criminal conspiracy among a group of people who openly oppose, change, or overthrow a lawful authority to which they are subject. They are typically members of the military or the crew of any ship, even if they are civilians. The term is commonly used for a rebellion among members of the military against their superior officers, but it can also occasionally refer to any type of rebellion against lawful authority or governances. During the Age of Discovery, mutiny particularly meant open rebellion against a ship's captain. This occurred, for example, during Ferdinand Magellan's journeys around the world, resulting in the killing of one mutineer, the execution of another, and the marooning of others; on Henry Hudson's Discovery resulting in Hudson and others being set adrift in a boat; and the notorious mutiny on the Bounty.


Generalizing - Vague


Vagueness is something said that is lacking in clarity. Something unclear and poorly expressed so it is not coherent in meaning.

Vague is something not clearly understood or expressed. Not precisely limited, determined, or distinguished. Lacking clarity or distinctness.

Subtle is saying something that is difficult to detect or analyze the meaning of, usually because you did not speak directly or effectively about what you are trying to say. Spreading information in a hidden and subconsciously and usually injurious way, like a subtle poison.

Nuances is a subtle difference in meaning or opinion or attitude. Something difficult to detect or grasp by the mind. Lacks Nuance means that a person is not very insightful and does not notice differences or detail very well. If a person lacks nuance they do not see below the surface of an issue very well, assuming we are discussing events. It can also mean that a person is bland and has no creativity or uniqueness.

Obscure
is something not clearly understood or expressed and not clear to the mind. To make something less visible, unclear, blurred or indistinctive. To make something undecipherable or imperceptible by obscuring or concealing underlying facts. Something that is poorly stated or described. Obscurity is the quality of being unclear or abstruse and hard to understand. The state of being indistinct or indefinite for lack of adequate illumination.

Obfuscate
is to make something obscure or unclear. Propaganda.

Opaque is not clearly understood or expressed. Not transmitting light or other radiation; impenetrable to sight.

In the Mist means that something is existing in a fog and is less visible or unclear. Something that makes understanding difficult.

Enigmatic is having an unobvious or mysterious meaning and hard to understand. Puzzling.

Ambiguous is a type of uncertainty of meaning in which several interpretations are plausible.

Ambiguity is an expression whose meaning cannot be determined from its context. A type of uncertainty of meaning in which several interpretations are plausible.

Generic Term is a word or phrase that is used to describe some general or vague, rather than some specific thing.

Umbrella Term is a word or phrase that covers a broad interval or set of functions or items that all fall under a single common category. A term used to cover a broad category of things rather than a single specific item. Something that includes or contains many different elements or parts. Slang (informal term).

Weasel Word is an informal term for words and phrases aimed at creating an impression that something specific and meaningful has been said, when in fact only a vague or ambiguous claim has been communicated. Examples include the phrases "some people say", "most people think", and "researchers believe." Using weasel words may allow one to later deny any specific meaning if the statement is challenged, because the statement was never specific in the first place. Weasel words can be a form of tergiversation, and may be used in advertising and political statements to mislead or disguise a biased view. Weasel words can soften or under-state a biased or otherwise controversial statement. An example of this is using terms like "somewhat" or "in most respects", which make a sentence more ambiguous than it would be without them.

Convoluted is to change the meaning of something or be vague about something in order to mislead or deceive.

Sophistry is a deliberately invalid argument displaying ingenuity in reasoning in the hope of deceiving someone.

Why do so many people just pretend that they understand things or assume that they understand things? Especially knowing that everything they hear is full of vagueness. What if your thinking is vague? If your thoughts are vague, then you probably have a vague understanding of things. What happens if your education is vague?

Marketing Tricks - Campaign Promises - News Reporting - Over-Simplified - Surveys - Polls

You're supposed to list all the ingredients so that people know what they're eating. You're supposed to list all the facts so that people know what they're receiving. People are getting sick from all the bullshit that they're exposed to from the media. And people are paying for it in more ways than one. It's not just all the money that's wasted, it's all the human potential that's wasted. That's criminally negligent. The years of life lost is mass murder on the grandest scale.

Imperceptible
is something impossible or difficult to perceive by the mind or senses.

Indistinct is something not clearly defined or easy to perceive or understand.

Indefinite is something vague or not clearly defined or stated. Not decided or not known.

Rhetoric is loud and confused and empty talk. High-flown style. The excessive use of verbal ornamentation. Using language effectively to please or persuade.

Used Loosely means to use the word or term in a very general way, without specific or strict literal meanings.

Cliché is a phrase or opinion that is overused and betrays a lack of original thought. A trite or obvious remark. Cliche is an expression, idea, or element of an artistic work that has become overused to the point of losing its original meaning or effect, even to the point of being trite or irritating.

Generalizing - Labels - Cherry Picking Data - Contradictions - Rumors - Persuasive Definitions - Puns

Vague Words make an article confusing and possibly make readers misinterpret or even miss important information altogether. In the hands of those with more sinister intents, vague words and key words can be used to make articles that are readable enough to impart wrong or biased information, but confusing enough to prevent readers from questioning the reliability or factuality of the article. Vandals can also vandalize an article by replacing specific information with vague statements. Always use citations, especially when – for whatever reason – you must use somewhat vague words. Taking things out of context can force people to jump to conclusions or make assumptions, then they might also pretend to know something that they know little about. This can make people live in either a false reality or just a distorted reality. 90% of what is said on the News is Mostly Vague. Just like when most politicians speak, they're not saying anything. All they do is put words together and pretend that they are communicating or answering a question.

When you say something, you should explain why you are saying something. You should also explain what that something is relevant to, and what that something is not relevant to. Leaving things open to personal interpretation can cause misunderstandings, which means that a person may not learn anything valuable from what you said, or worse, a person might misunderstand you which could cause them to make a mistake with their actions or behavior. Invalid Arguments.

Euphemism is an innocuous or non injurious word or expression used in place of one that may be found offensive or suggest something unpleasant. Some euphemisms are intended to amuse, while others use bland, inoffensive terms for concepts that the user wishes to downplay. Euphemisms may be used to mask profanity or refer to taboo topics such as disability, sex, excretion, or death in a polite way. (Examples: Changing Global Warming to Climate Change - Changing Gambling to Gaming - Changing Estate Tax to Death Tax). Misleading.

People can learn things indirectly without subtlety or evasion. If people could understand information literacy and know how information can be manipulated, then people will always learn something even when there is little value in the information or message. Gullible.

Indirect is something that is not direct in manner, language, behavior or action. Not leading by a straight line or course to a destination. Not as a direct effect or consequence and having intervening factors, persons or influences. Not direct in spatial dimension. Directly is something without evasion and not in a roundabout manner.

I care about peoples opinions, but when people make general statements that are vague and have very little factual information, that means I'm not hearing anything because they're not saying anything. And the only thing that they are saying is that they know very little about themselves and the world around them. So I usually try to educate people, but most people don't want to learn because they ignorantly believe that they know what they're talking about. But even then, I still try to teach them because they are unaware of their ignorance. People make statements and express opinions, but they never explain anything about what they are saying. When you don't understand something well enough, you can't explain it well enough. You have to prove that you understand something. What do you mean when you say those words? What is you definition of the word? What is the particular scenario you are referring to? What do you believe will happen in this probable or improbable scenario? People need to finish a sentence and think things through. What is your message? Why is this information relevant? Is it a priority? Just Saying something is not proving something. Just saying something could easily be a lie. If you're just going to talk and not prove anything, people will have to assume that almost everything that you say is a lie, this is because you have never provided any evidence or facts, or have you explained any valid reasoning that is evolved with your thinking. Proving something could easily make something more truthful, and not proving anything can make your words less convincing, and even make your words dangerous if they're filled with lies and propaganda.

Need I say more? Yes, you do. No more trick questions and no invalid arguments.

People are making assumptions and making an accusations that are not based on facts or evidence. There's no judge or jury, it's just a person putting some words together and pretending to know something. Everyone wants to look smart, they just don't ant to be smart because that would mean they would have to learn some things. It's easier to pretend to know than it is learn how to know. No one wants to do the work but they expect to be paid or respected for work they have never done. I'm not going to tell you anything that I can't confirm or verify. If you can agree to do the same and not tell me anything that you can't confirm or verify, then we can have a conversation.

Catch-All is a term or category that includes a variety of different possibilities. A general term, or metaphoric dumping group, for a variety of similar words or meanings.

Rebranding Words - Rebranding is a marketing strategy in which a new name, term, symbol, design, concept or combination thereof is created for an established brand with the intention of developing a new, differentiated identity in the minds of consumers, investors, competitors, and other stakeholders.

Inversion is the reversal of the normal order of words. Turning upside down; setting on end. The act of turning inside out. A term formerly used to mean taking on the gender role of the opposite sex. Inversion in genetics is a kind of mutation in which the order of the genes in a section of a chromosome is reversed. Inversion in music is a counterpoint or variation of a melody or part in which ascending intervals are replaced by descending intervals and vice versa. Subversion.

Circumlocution is locution that circles around a specific idea with multiple words rather than directly evoking it with fewer and more appropriate words. It is sometimes a necessary tool of communication (for example, in getting around lexical gaps to overcome untranslatability), but it is also often a flaw in communication (for example, when it is a figure of speech that is unnecessarily ambiguous and obscure). Ambiguity means that information can have multiple meanings and can be misunderstood. Roundabout Speech refers to using many words (such as "a tool used for cutting things such as paper and hair") to describe something for which a concise (and commonly known) expression exists ("scissors"). The vast majority of definitions found in dictionaries are circumlocutory. Circumlocution is often used by people with aphasia and people learning a new language, where in the absence of a word (such as "abuelo" [grandfather] in Spanish) the subject can simply be described ("el padre de su padre" [the father of one's father]). Euphemism, innuendo, and equivocation are different types of ambiguous and roundabout language, also called circumlocution. Distractions. Always changing the subject to avoid having a real conversation and always fragmenting information so that nothing can be connected in any meaningful way.

Filibuster is an action such as a prolonged speech that obstructs progress in a legislative assembly while not technically contravening the required procedures. To act in an obstructive manner in a legislature, especially by speaking at inordinate length. Filibuster is a political procedure where one or more members of parliament or congress debate over a proposed piece of legislation so as to delay or entirely prevent a decision being made on the proposal. It is sometimes referred to as "talking a bill to death" or "talking out a bill" and is characterized as a form of obstruction in a legislature or other decision-making body. Stone Walling. Filibuster was not created for impeding progress or disrupting advancements, like some patents do. A Filibuster is a rich mans way of being an asshole and getting away with it by using a loophole and perverting a rule.  We want to give people a chance to explain their concerns, but not give them a chance to show disdain. Having an objection during a court proceeding is not used to disrupt or interrupt, objection is to keep order and also to stop irrelevant non-sense from abusing the listeners.

Beat Around the Bush is to speak vaguely or euphemistically so as to avoid talking directly about an unpleasant or sensitive topic. To avoid answering a question and speak evasively or misleadingly, or to stall or waste time. (The origin of the idiom 'beating around the bush' is associated with hunting. In medieval times, hunters hired men to beat the area around bushes with sticks in order to flush out game taking cover underneath).

Evasion is an act that deceives by stating a true statement that is irrelevant or leads to a false conclusion. For instance, a man knows that another man is in a room in the building because he heard him, but in answer to a question, says, "I have not seen him," thereby falsely implying that he does not know. Evasion is described as a way to fulfill an obligation to tell the truth while keeping secrets from those not entitled to know the truth, but is considered unethical unless there are grave reasons for withholding the truth. Evasions are closely related to equivocations and mental reservations; indeed, some statements fall under both descriptions. Right to Remain Silent.

Question Dodging is a rhetorical technique involving the intentional avoidance of answering a question. This may occur when the person questioned either does not know the answer and wants to avoid embarrassment, or when the person is being interrogated or questioned in debate, and wants to avoid giving a direct response. Overt question dodging can sometimes be employed humorously, in order to sidestep giving a public answer in a political discussion. Often the aim of dodging a question is to make it seem as though the question was fulfilled, leaving the person who asked the question feeling satisfied with the answer, unaware that the question was not properly answered. A false accusation of question dodging can sometimes be made as a disingenuous tactic in debate, in the informal fallacy of the loaded question. A common way out of this argument is not to answer the question (e.g. with a simple 'yes' or 'no'), but to challenge the assumption behind the question. This can lead the person questioned to be accused of "dodging the question. Evasion techniques: Ignoring the question. Acknowledging the question without answering it. Questioning the question by requesting clarification, reflecting the question back to the questioner, for example saying "you tell me". Attacking the question by saying "the question fails to address the important issue", "the question is hypothetical or speculative", "the question is based on a false premise", "the question is factually inaccurate", "the question includes a misquotation", "the question includes a quotation taken out of context", "the question is objectionable", "the question is based on a false alternative", attacking the questioner. Declining to answer by refusing on grounds of inability, being unwilling to answer, saying "I can't speak for someone else", deferring answer, saying "it is not possible to answer the question for the time being", pleading ignorance, placing the responsibility to answer on someone else. Instead of answering the question, the person pretends to answer a different question that was not asked or discussed.

Run-Around is to be treated evasively or misleadingly when asking a question or making a request.

House of Mirrors is a maze-like puzzle with confusing reflections that disorients a person so they are unclear about where to go next.

Pivot is a way of taking a question that might be on a specific subject, and then moving to answer it on your own terms. The average American can rarely recognize when candidates pivot to distract from the moderator's original question. Candidates do this so that they can convey something else about themselves in a more positive light or something negative about their opponent. Though the candidate has not answered the question directly, viewers then feel that the candidate has answered the question satisfactorily. They then go on to make an (uninformed) judgment of the candidate.

Double-Talk is a form of speech in which inappropriate, invented, or nonsense words are used to give the appearance of knowledge and so confuse or amuse the audience. Double talk is deliberately unintelligible speech combining nonsense syllables and actual words.

Gibberish - Jargon - Trick Questions - Blame Shifting

Doublespeak is language that deliberately obscures, disguises, distorts, or reverses the meaning of words.

Political Theatre is the bullsh*t and lies that certain politicians speak when they're trying to explain something or trying to excuse some ignorant behavior. Instead of answering questions or explaining things coherently, they just speak some ignorant bullsh*t that's not even relevant or factual. What they are really saying is that they're an ignorant as*hole and a lying scumbag who has no morals and no ethics. Staged - Confirmation Hearings.

Political Cinema portrays current or historical events or social conditions in a partisan way in order to inform or to agitate the spectator. Political cinema can exist in different forms such as TV adds, bogus answers, or even in films as propaganda.

Theatrics is exaggerated, artificial, or histrionic mannerisms, actions, or words that resembles a staged performance in a theater.

Theatre State is a political state directed towards the performance of drama and ritual rather than more conventional ends such as warfare and welfare. Power in a theatre state is exercised through spectacle.

Fluffy Stories or Human Interest Stories like to use similar generic key words and phrases that you hear in mainstream narrative storytelling. They are basically all writing from the same script, but they just change the names and the subject matter. They talk about a serious subject in such a way that the listener feels privileged in hearing about a particular problem, but the listener does not receive enough facts because the story lacks depth of intellect and knowledge, and mostly just states the obvious. So the listener can't understand the problem well enough in order to do enough to help solve the problem. It's like giving someone a gun with no bullets. If you are trying to educate people and inform people, it's best that you give people everything they need.

Corporate Jargon is the lack of clarity as well as tedium, making meaning and intention opaque and understanding difficult. It is also criticized for not only enabling delusional thoughts, but allowing them to be seen as an asset in the workplace. Jargon is typically derogatory, implying the use of long, complicated, or obscure words, abbreviations, euphemisms, and acronyms. designed purely to fit the specialized meaning of a situation or even to "spin" negative situations as positive situations. Corporate Jargon is also known as corporate speak, corporate lingo, business speak, business jargon, management speak, workplace jargon, corporatese or commercialese greenwashing.

Incoherent is something without logical or meaningful connection. Something unclear in a confusing way. Unable to express yourself clearly or fluently.

Incomprehensible is something difficult to understand and incapable of being explained or accounted for.

Wooden Language is language that uses vague, ambiguous, abstract or pompous words in order to divert attention from the salient issues.

You're so vague, you probably think this post is about you?

Undertone is an underlying or implied tendency or meaning. A subtext or content underneath the dialogue. A lot of things are not always straightforward or honest.

Generalizing is pure ignorance, either someone is hiding something, assuming something, or knows nothing. Broad Statement.

Colloquialism is the linguistic style used for casual communication or conversation and other informal contexts and makes use of non-specialist terminology. Technical Writing.

Ideograph in rhetoric is a word frequently used in political discourse that uses an abstract concept to develop support for political positions. Such words are usually terms that do not have a clear definition but are used to give the impression of a clear meaning.

Hyponymy and Hypernymy is a word or phrase whose semantic field is included within that of another word.

Downplay is to make something appear less important than it really is. 

Gloss Over is to treat or describe a serious problem or error as if it were not important. To minimize or omit something in an account in order to obscure, conceal, or diminish the importance of it. To treat something with less care than it deserves; to ignore something.

Watered Down is information that is altered so as to be weaker in force, content, or value. A message that is diluted with irrelevant information. Diluted with water. Vague.

Under-Statement is the presentation of something as being smaller, worse, or less important than it actually is. It contains an expression of lesser strength than what would be expected. It is the opposite of an embellishment and the opposite of exaggeration. The rhetorical form of understatement is litotes in which understatement is used for emphasis and irony.

Under-Reporting is to fail to report something fully and to report less than the actual level or amount of something, like crimes and crime statistics. Underreporting is a type of fraud. When the details are unknown or unclear, then mistakes and confusion will happen and problems will not be solved.

Over-Statement is the action of expressing or stating something too strongly as to exaggerate. Hyperbole.

Over-Reporting is to report an event or instance of something with disproportionately great frequency or emphasis.

Term of Convenience is a word or short phrase arrived at to describe a particular concept in the absence of a generally recognized word or phrase meaning the same thing.

Eviscerates is to take away a vital or essential part of.

Caveat is a statement that limits or restricts some claim. A warning against certain acts.

Paraphrase is a restatement of the meaning of a text or passage using other words.

Periphrases is the use of more words than are necessary to express the idea; a roundabout, or indirect, way of speaking. A style that involves indirect ways of expressing things. Periphrasis is the use of a longer expression instead of a shorter one with a similar meaning, for example "i am going to" instead of "i will".

Periphrastically is formed by the use of function words or auxiliaries instead of by inflection more fair is a periphrastic comparative.

Periphrasis is the usage of multiple separate words to carry the meaning of prefixes, suffixes or verbs, among other things, where either would be possible. Technically, it is a device where grammatical meaning is expressed by one or more free morphemes (typically one or more function words accompanying a content word), instead of by inflectional affixes or derivation. Periphrastic forms are an example of analytic language, whereas the absence of periphrasis is a characteristic of synthetic language. While periphrasis concerns all categories of syntax, it is most visible with verb catenae. The verb catenae of English are highly periphrastic.

Vague Nutrition Guidelines is what happens when Corporations Manipulate the Government.

Word That's Thrown Around is to mention a word frequently and often in an inappropriate way in order to impress someone.

Buzzword is a word or phrase, new or already existing, that becomes very popular for a period of time. Buzzwords often derive from technical terms yet often have much of the original technical meaning removed through fashionable use, being simply used to impress others; although such "buzzwords" may still have the full meaning when used in certain technical contexts. Buzzwords often originate in jargon, acronyms, or neologisms. Examples of overworked business buzzwords include synergy, vertical, dynamic, cyber and strategy; a common buzzword phrase is "think outside the box". Key Words.

Hot-Button Words trigger conservatives and liberals differently. Brain scans reveal the vocabulary that drives neural polarization.

Sound Bite is a short extract from a recorded interview, chosen for its pungency or appropriateness. Sound bite is a short clip of speech or music extracted from a longer piece of audio, often used to promote or exemplify the full length piece. In the context of journalism, a sound bite is characterized by a short phrase or sentence that tries to captures the essence of what the speaker was trying to say, and is used to summarize information and entice the reader or viewer. The term was coined by the U.S. media in the 1970s. Since then, politicians have increasingly employed sound bites to summarize their positions. Due to its brevity, the sound bite often overshadows the broader context in which it was spoken, and can be misleading or inaccurate. The insertion of sound bites into news broadcasts or documentaries is open to manipulation, leading to conflict over journalistic ethics. Mincing Words.

Loaded Language is rhetoric used to influence an audience by using words and phrases that portrays an idea that is implied or suggested in order to invoke an emotional response and/or exploit stereotypes, and cause people to make assumptions. (Like when people hear the word socialism, they pretend to know what socialism means.) Exaggerations.

Platitude is a trite, meaningless, or prosaic statement, generally directed at quelling social, emotional, or cognitive unease. Platitudes are geared towards presenting a shallow, unifying wisdom over a difficult topic. However, they are too overused and general to be anything more than undirected statements with ultimately little meaningful contribution towards a solution. Examples could be statements such as "meet in the middle", "busy as a bee", "method to my madness", "better late than never", "just be yourself", "burning the midnight oil" and "nobody's perfect". Platitudes are generally a form of thought-terminating cliché. Platitude is a remark that has been used too often to be interesting or thoughtful. A trite or obvious remark or statement, especially one with a moral content.

Trite
is something repeated too often and overfamiliar through overuse. Idioms.

Hypercorrection is non-standard use of language that results from the over-application of a perceived rule of language-usage prescription. A speaker or writer who produces a hypercorrection generally believes through a misunderstanding of such rules that the form is more "correct", standard, or otherwise preferable, often combined with a desire to appear formal or educated. Linguistic hypercorrection occurs when a real or imagined grammatical rule is applied in an inappropriate context, so that an attempt to be "correct" leads to an incorrect result. It does not occur when a speaker follows "a natural speech instinct", according to Otto Jespersen and Robert J. Menner. Hypercorrection can be found among speakers of less prestigious language varieties who attempt to produce forms associated with high-prestige varieties, even in situations where speakers of those varieties would not. Some commentators call such production hyperurbanism. Hypercorrection can occur in many languages and wherever multiple languages or language varieties are in contact.

Ω-Consistent Theory or omega-consistent, is a theory (collection of sentences) that is not only (syntactically) consistent (that is, does not prove a contradiction), but also avoids proving certain infinite combinations of sentences that are intuitively contradictory.

When something can not be accurately or clearly described using one or two words, then you have to explain it using more words and more details. And if you can't explain something simply enough, that means that you don't understand it well enough. When someone says democrat or republican, they're not saying anything until they specify exactly what part of a democrat or republican they are referring to. And they will also have to have an example or a particular scenario of what they are talking about. And they would also have to have evidence and facts that can be easily confirmed. This means that most people will not be able to voice an opinion because they will not know enough about what they are saying and not know enough about what they mean or what they think they know. So the only people we should hear talking are the people who are knowledgeable enough to clearly explain something, and also not lie about it. If you don't understand something well enough, then all you should be doing is asking questions, instead of pretending that you understand something.


Gullible - Naive - Easily Fooled


Gullible is being naive and easily deceived or easily tricked because of being too trusting or from not having enough knowledge to be aware and know when someone is fooling you

Gullibility is a failure of social intelligence in which a person is easily tricked or manipulated into an ill-advised course of action. It is closely related to credulity, which is the tendency to believe unlikely propositions that are unsupported by evidence. Classes of people especially vulnerable to exploitation due to gullibility include children, the elderly, and the developmentally disabled.

Naive is lacking information or instruction. Inexperienced. Deficient in relevant experience. One without formal training.

Naivety is having or showing a lack of experience, understanding or sophistication, often in a context where one neglects pragmatism in favor of moral idealism. Pathologically Naive.

Naive Realism is the human tendency to believe that we see the world around us objectively, and that people who disagree with us must be uninformed, irrational, or biased. Naïve realism provides a theoretical basis for several other cognitive biases, which are systematic errors in thinking and decision-making. These include the false consensus effect, actor-observer bias, bias blind spot, and fundamental attribution error, among others.

Naive (pathologically) - Docile - Passive - Blind Followers - Easily Indoctrinated - Suggestibility - Brain Washed

Chump is a person who is gullible and easy to take advantage of. Denial - Ignorance.

It's easy to lie to a person when the person doesn't understand what the liar is saying or fully comprehend the meaning of the message that is based on a lie. Ponzi scams work by exploiting peoples ignorance. The more knowledgeable you are and the more aware you are, the less you will be fooled, manipulated and deceived by lies. Lie detection should be part of the curriculum at every school.

Everyone is gullible and naive to a some degree. We like to trust people and we like to assume that someone is not a criminal. There is no single universal systematic method for verify information or a universal systematic method for measuring the accuracy of information, especially when trying to verify the information that is depicted on all the different forms of media that we are exposed to. Humans are literally driving blind. We have made almost every known mistake known to man, and we are still making a lot of mistakes. Sometimes we make the same mistakes over and over again. The mentality of society as a whole has the same mental capacity as a teenager. So we can either grow up fast, or we can continue to drive blind and recklessly. Most of us could honestly say that there is a lot of room for improvement. It's time for us to grow up. We are lucky to have lived as long as we have, we shouldn't push our luck. Just in the last 500 years, 100's of millions of people have accumulated a millennium worth of experiences. As a whole humans have went through almost every experience you can think of. We have literally tried almost everything and done almost everything. And in doing so we have learned so much about ourselves and the world around us. Our knowledge is an incredible treasure trove that we haven't even begun to measure it's true value or its worth. So what key knowledge and information does the average person need in order for them to be affective at verifying information, and, also understand information accurately enough in order to make the appropriate decisions?


Mind Control - Brain Washing


Mind Control or Brain Washing is when people can be unknowingly indoctrinated in a way that causes them to have an impairment of autonomy and an inability to think independently, as well as an experience of disruption of beliefs and affiliations, or the involuntary reeducation of basic beliefs and values.

Subliminal Messages - Hypnotized - Targeting - Propaganda - Rote Learning - Passive Teaching - False Memories - Distorted History - Rumors - Delusions - We Fool You, Then We Rule You.

Operation Mockingbird was a secret campaign by the Central Intelligence Agency to influence or control the media. Begun in the 1950s.

Your Mind has been Hijacked - Hypnotic Suggestion - Brain Hacking - Parasites

Operation Northwoods was a proposed false flag operation against the Cuban government, that originated within the Department of Defense (DoD) and the Joint Chiefs of Staff (JCS) of the United States government in 1962.

Defense Clandestine Service is an arm of the Defense Intelligence Agency which conducts clandestine espionage activities around the world to answer national-level defense objectives for senior U.S. policymakers and military leaders. Racket.

Polybius arcade game is said to have induced various psychological effects on players. Polybius: Unknown (youtube).

Yuri Bezmenov: Deception Was My Job (complete video 1:21) - Back in 1985, a former KGB agent was trained in Subversion Techniques. He explains the 4 basic steps to socially engineering entire generations into thinking and behaving the way those in power want them to. It’s shocking because the USA have been transformed in the exact same way, and followed the exact same steps. 

Project MKULTRA is sometimes referred to as the CIA's mind control program, which was the code name given to a program of experiments on human subjects, at times illegal, designed and undertaken by the United States Central Intelligence Agency. Experiments on humans were intended to identify and develop drugs and procedures to be used in interrogations and torture, in order to weaken the individual to force confessions through mind control. Organized through the Scientific Intelligence Division of the CIA, the project coordinated with the Special Operations Division of the U.S. Army's Chemical Corps.

Operation Midnight Climax project consisted of a web of CIA-run safehouses in San Francisco, Marin, and New York City. It was established in order to study the effects of LSD on unconsenting individuals. Prostitutes on the CIA payroll were instructed to lure clients back to the safehouses, where they were surreptitiously plied with a wide range of substances, including LSD, and monitored behind one-way glass. Several significant operational techniques were developed in this theater, including extensive research into sexual blackmail, surveillance technology, and the possible use of mind-altering drugs in field operations.

BZ Drug Story - 3-Quinuclidinyl Benzilate (QNB). The United States military investigated BZ along with a wide range of possible nonlethal, psychoactive incapacitating agents including psychedelic drugs such as LSD and THC, dissociative drugs such as ketamine and phencyclidine, potent opioids such as fentanyl, as well as several glycolate anticholinergics. By 1959 the United States Army showed significant interest in deploying it as a chemical warfare agent. It was originally designated "TK", but when it was standardized by the Army in 1961 it received the NATO code name "BZ". The agent commonly became known as "Buzz" because of this abbreviation and the effects it had on the mental state of the human volunteers intoxicated with it in research studies at Edgewood Arsenal in Maryland.

Psychic Driving was a psychiatric procedure in which patients were subjected to a continuously repeated audio message on a looped tape to alter their behaviour. In psychic driving, patients were often exposed to hundreds of thousands of repetitions of a single statement over the course of their treatment. They were also concurrently administered muscular paralytic drugs such as curare to subdue them for the purposes of exposure to the looped message(s). (Depatterning).

Edgewood Arsenal Human Experiments were from 1948 to 1975. The U.S. Army Chemical Corps conducted classified human subject research at the Edgewood Arsenal facility in Maryland. The purpose was to evaluate the impact of low-dose chemical warfare agents on military personnel and to test protective clothing, pharmaceuticals, and vaccines. A small portion of these studies were directed at psychochemical warfare and grouped under the prosaic title of the "Medical Research Volunteer Program" (1956–1975). The MRVP was also driven by intelligence requirements and the need for new and more effective interrogation techniques. Overall, about 7,000 soldiers took part in these experiments that involved exposures to more than 250 different chemicals, according to the Department of Defense (DoD). Some of the volunteers exhibited symptoms at the time of exposure to these agents but long-term follow-up was not planned as part of the DoD studies. The experiments were abruptly terminated by the Army in late 1975 amidst an atmosphere of scandal and recrimination as lawmakers accused researchers of questionable ethics. Many official government reports and civilian lawsuits followed in the wake of the controversy. The chemical agents tested on volunteers included chemical warfare agents and other related agents: Anticholinesterase nerve agents (VX, sarin) and common organophosphorus (OP) and carbamate pesticides. Mustard agents. Nerve agent antidotes including atropine and scopolamine. Nerve agent reactivators, e.g. the common OP antidote 2-PAM chloride. Psychoactive agents including LSD, PCP, cannabinoids, and BZ. Irritants and riot control agents.
Alcohol and caffeine.

1960s British soldiers unknowingly dosed with LSD during experimentation with incapacitating drugs. Dr. James S. Ketchum, an Army psychiatrist who in the 1960s conducted experiments with LSD and other powerful hallucinogens using volunteer soldiers as test subjects in secret research on chemical agents that might incapacitate the minds of battlefield adversaries.

George Estabrooks, Hypno Programming "I can hypnotize a man -- without his knowledge or consent -- into committing treason against the United States."

State Of Mind - the Psychology of Control - full length movie 1:57:54 (youtube)

The Manchurian Candidate was a movie about the brainwashing of the son of a prominent right-wing political family, who becomes an unwitting assassin in an international communist conspiracy.

False Memory Syndrome - Education Reform - Fox News Brainwashing

Nineteen Eighty-Four a dystopian novel by English author George Orwell published in 1949, about a province of the superstate Oceania in a world of perpetual war, omnipresent government surveillance, and public manipulation, dictated by a political system euphemistically named English Socialism. (sounds familiar).

Thought Police search, find, monitor, and arrest citizens of Oceania who would challenge the status quo — the authority of the Party and of Big Brother — even if only with a thought.

Thought Crime is an occurrence or instance of controversial or socially unacceptable thoughts.

The Open Conspiracy was published in 1928 by H. G. Wells.

Tragedy and Hope written by Carroll Quigley in 1966.

The Tavistock Institute is a British not for profit organisation concerned with group behaviour and organisational behaviour.

Ethnography is the systematic study of people and cultures. It is designed to explore cultural phenomena where the researcher observes society from the point of view of the subject of the study.

Social Darwinism is a biological concept of natural selection and survival of the fittest in human society.

Cybernetics is the control of any system using technology.

Press for Truth - Conspiracy Culture

Related Subjects - Ignorance - Negative Connotation - Deception - Persuasion - Vulgarities - Innuendo - Sex in the Media - Discrimination - Hypocrisy - Nonpartisan - Conflict of Interest - Contradiction - Meaning - Labels - Validity - Truth - Conformity - Popularity - Skepticism - Questioning - Denial - Public Opinion - Priming - Social Words - Liberty - Violence - Genocide - Censorship.


Deciphering Information


Decipher is to convert information from cryptic into intelligible language that is easier to read and understand. To convert code into ordinary language.

Comprehend - Interpret - MeaningInformation Literacy

People need to learn how to decipher information and to stop making assumptions.

Stanford researchers find students have trouble judging the credibility of information online, duped by sponsored content and don't always recognize political bias of social messages.

Bias in Social Messages (PDF)

False images and videos can induce people to believe in and remember events that never happened

Detecting Misinformation Can Improve Memory Later On. People who actually notice that the misinformation is inconsistent with the original event have better memory for the event compared with people who never saw the misinformation in the first place. Science Misrepresented

Evidence Based Argumentation is How to detect Bullshit and Lies.

"When politicians and news people talk, there's no logical reasoning to what they say that can be correctly measured or justified. That means they are either a lying criminal or they are very ignorant and uninformed."

"We are governed, our minds are molded, our tastes formed, our ideas suggested, largely by men we have never heard of."

"99.9% of what happens in the world is not on the News." ....so don't ever think for a second that you're actually informed about the world. Just like the rest of us, you don't know Jack Sh*t about everything that's happening, unless of course Jack Sh*t is a friend of yours, then maybe you do know Jack Sh*t. Congratulations.


People Need to be Informed and Educated


Informed is having much knowledge or education. To be briefed on the state of reality.

Enlightenment
is education that results in understanding and the spread of knowledge.

Sophistication
is being expert or having knowledge of some technical subject.

Questioning things is not always about trying to disprove something, questioning things is more about confirming accuracy.

The Media wants you to believe that it's ok to make assumptions and make false accusations, it is not ok, it is extremely dangerous and criminal. Most of the magazines at the food store checkout line should be illegal. Stores checkout lines should only show food knowledge and tips on how to eat healthier, They should also have an Information Station to show sales, weather reports, and a bus schedule.

Knowing what to read and choosing the right media inputs, is like knowing that the water you're drinking is tainted with chemicals that could eventually kill you. You don't keep drinking bad water, unless you use a filter, if you don't use a filter, or find cleaner water some where else, then your mind and body will be poisoned. So be careful what you read, and drink. Know your wells, know your sources, and know your vulnerabilities.



All the Things that Happen in One Day


We live in the information age. In 2020 the world now generates more information in 24 hours than was generated between the birth of civilization and 2003. In 2016, the amount of knowledge and information that is generated in one minute would take years for one person to examine. What's considered to be newsworthy is not universal or the same for everyone.

Even with all our communication tools, people are only aware of 1% of what happens in the world. Did anything important or valuable happen today? How would you know? How many people had something happen today in their life that would be considered newsworthy? Lets say that only 1% of the entire human population had something important or valuable happen in their life, 1% of 7 billion people = 70,000,000, that's 70 million possible stories to tell that happened today.

How many new breakthrough's in medicine were discovered today? How many new discoveries in technology were made today? How many new discoveries are being buried under bureaucracy and corruption today? How many scientific papers were published today? (around 8,000 every day). How many of the 500 new patents that were filled today have any known value or promise? How many dissertations and thesis's were handed in today? How many new things have been learned today? How many new laws have been put into effect today? How many laws are being debated today? How many of those laws affect you today? How many decisions are being made by your local government today? How many corporations committed a crime today? How's your Water quality today? How's your Food quality today? How's your Air quality today? How many products do you use that have dangerous chemicals in them? How's your taxes, and how are your taxes being spent today? What things are becoming more expensive today? How many big decisions are being made today behind closed doors that will have an impact on your life? I wonder if anything happened Today? How many good things happened today? Why are prices going up, while some prices going down? How many tragedy's did people have to endure today? How many people were murdered today? How many people died today from things that are avoidable? There are over 50,000 journalists, I wonder if they have anything valuable to say today? There are millions of movies, millions of books, and millions of songs, I wonder if any of those expressions have anything valuable to say?

What happened in the world on October 10th, 2010  (10.10.10)
154,000 people died (105 people die each minute, nearly two people die each second)  The Ways We Die.
350,000 babies are born around the world.
130,000 people are married.
45% of people in the world lived on less the $2.50 a day.
1.3 billion people have no access to clean drinking water.
45 Countries are involved in a military conflict.
90,000 people lived past there expected life expectancy.
10,000 people turn 65 everyday.
10 million people are held in incarceration.
You heart beat 100,000 times today.
172 billion Dollars are spent.
4 trillion dollars are in circulation.
72 billion products crossed international borders.
3.5 million tons of waste was produced.
223 million kilograms (491 million .lbs) of fish were caught.
30% of the land mass is used for raising livestock.
The world has over 8 million species.

One Day on Earth is a film released 04/22/2012 (1 hr. 44 min.) - One Day on Earth is the first film made in every country of the world on the same day. We see both the challenges and hopes of humanity from a diverse group of volunteer filmmakers assembled by a participatory media experiment. One Day on Earth website.

Life in a Day 2020 | Director’s Cut (youtube) - 324,000 videos from 192 countries, all filmed on a single day on July 25, 2020. Experiences.

In 2013, America Published 304,912 Books (new titles and re-editions), that's almost 900 Books a Day. 130 million books were published between 1500 - 2008.\100 List (popular books). The Library of Congress has around 37 Million Books. 6 million books is around 1 terabyte or 200 DVD's - Knowledge Preservation.

In 2013, 4,057 Feature Films and 8,161 short films were submitted to the Sundance Film Festival competition. An estimated 50,000 Movies Are Made Every Year in the world.

On Average, there are 50 Music Albums released every week in the United States of America and the United Kingdom. 2,100,000 Songs being released in the United States of America and the United Kingdom. 100 Greatest Songs.

Americans used about 275 billion gallons of surface water per day in the U.S. in 2010. NYC alone uses 2.4 billion gallons of water per day.

How Many Ships at Sea? Tens of thousands, including freighters, tankers, fishing boats, yachts, dinghies, canoes, kayaks, tugs, and pleasure boats. 10,000 Shipping Containers Lost At Sea Each Year. Ship Transport. Cruise ships dump 1 billion gallons of sewage into the ocean every year. Some 20 million people board cruise ships every year. 94 Large Ships lost Worldwide in 2013, down 20% from last year, with foundering most common cause.

List of Missing Ships (wiki) - Ship Report - Vessel Traffic

Daily Vessel Activity Report - Ship Track - Travel Warnings

There is around 58,900 to 87,483 ships in the world.

How Many Planes in the Sky? 6,000 planes flying across the world around 2 p.m. Flight Radar 24.com. In 2012, almost 3 billion passenger tickets were sold for a flight with one of the 20,000 planes that are currently operating.

47,000 Miles of Roads in America. Over 1 Billion Cars in the World.

How Many Cars on the Road? An estimated 254.4 million registered passenger vehicles in the United States, 1.3 people for every car in the U.S. About 1 billion vehicles world wide. Annual United States Road Crash Statistics. Over 37,000 people die in road crashes each year. An additional 2.35 million are injured or disabled. Over 1,600 children under 15 years of age die each year. Nearly 8,000 people are killed in crashes involving drivers ages 16-20. Road crashes cost the U.S. $230.6 billion per year, or an average of $820 per person. Road crashes are the single greatest annual cause of death of healthy U.S. citizens traveling abroad. Then there is all the Pollution. Worldwide: Nearly 1.3 million people die in road crashes each year, on average 3,287 deaths a day. An additional 20-50 million are injured or disabled. More than half of all road traffic deaths occur among young adults ages 15-44. Road traffic crashes rank as the 9th leading cause of death and account for 2.2% of all deaths globally. Road crashes are the leading cause of death among young people ages 15-29, and the second leading cause of death worldwide among young people ages 5-14. Each year nearly 400,000 people under 25 die on the world's roads, on average over 1,000 a day. Over 90% of all road fatalities occur in low and middle-income countries, which have less than half of the world's vehicles. Road crashes cost USD $518 billion globally, costing individual countries from 1-2% of their annual GDP. Road crashes cost low and middle-income countries USD $65 billion annually, exceeding the total amount received in developmental assistance. Unless action is taken, road traffic injuries are predicted to become the fifth leading cause of death by 2030.


What Happens Every 60 Seconds on the Internet?


Videos Uploaded Graph 204 Million e-mails sent every minute. Every 24 hrs. 145 billion e-mails sent. 72 Hours of video uploaded to youtube every minute. 20 Million Photo views on Flicker every minute. Social Media Stats. 571 new websites created every minute. 75 percent of all websites are inactive. 452 Billion Web Pages Archived so far - Timeline  - First Website was 12- 20-1990. (1 Billion Websites in September of 2014, up from 2,410,067 websites in 1998, and up from 3,000 websites online in 1994) 41 Thousand posts on Facebook every minute. 1.8 Million Likes on Facebook every minute. What people search for on the Internet. 278 thousand Tweets on Twitter every minute. 2 Million Internet Searches on Google every minute. Information Overload. 347 New Blog Posts every minute. (4 Zetabytes was the size of the internet 2013) - Wikipedia Stats.

Every day, some 2.5 trillion bytes of data are exchanged. Storage. Tools and Technology to Transfer Information.

Over 92,000 articles are posted to the web every 24 hours? NT Times.com publishes around 751 articles every day?

In 2011, 295 Exabytes of data has been accumulated, and is spread out all over the world, that's 29,500,000,000,000,000,000,000 bits of information. More information then there are grains of sand. Is it Information Overload, or a Sh*t Overload.

Around 6 Billion Phone Calls are made every Day in the U.S. - The average person makes or receives 8 mobile phone calls per day. That is roughly 2.4 billion phone calls across the 300 million cell phone users in the U.S. The average mobile phone user in the U.S makes 250 phone calls per month or 3,000 phone calls per year. And the there are the land-line users. In 2003, the CIA reported approximately 1.263 billion main telephone lines worldwide. China had more than any other country at 350 million and the United States was second with 268 million. The United Kingdom has 23.7 million residential fixed home phones. Demographics.


U.S. Postal Service in One Day by the Numbers


Each day, the Postal Service picks up, processes and delivers millions of letters and packages. No single operation in the world comes close to this level of connectivity to so many households and businesses. Here’s just one day in the life of the U.S. Postal Service. (Figures are averages.)
The average letter carrier delivers about 1,611 pieces of mail per day in the United States. Jan 28, 2017. ($800.00 worth of mail a day?)
Mail Pieces processed each minute; 5,861
154 billion pieces of mail annually.
235.2 million — revenue received in dollars.
160.2 million — dollars paid to postal employees in salaries and benefits.
506.4 million — number of mailpieces processed and delivered each day.
21.1 million — average number of mailpieces processed each hour.
351,656 — average number of mailpieces processed each minute.
5,861 — average number of mailpieces processed each second.
200.4 million — pieces of First-Class Mail processed and delivered.
7,131 — number of letter carriers who deliver mail entirely on foot — The USPS Fleet of Feet.
54,490 — number of address changes processed.
3,748 — number of addresses added to our delivery network.
4.6 million — number of people who visit usps.com.
$2.7 million — dollar amount of online stamp and retail sales at usps.com.
1.5 million — number of Click-N-Ship labels printed.
297,004 — number of money orders issued.
0 — tax dollars received for operating the Postal Service.


Tools and Technology for Transferring Information


Number of Television Stations: 1,500
Number of Television Sets: 219,000,000 - (in 1950 only 9% of people had TV's, in 1960 90% had TV's)
Television Sets per 1,000: 787.6
Number of Cable Subscribers: 70,991,360
Cable Subscribers per 1,000: 252.1
Number of Satellite Subscribers: 16,000,000
Satellite Subscribers per 1,000: 57.5
Number of Radio Stations: 10,32
Number of Radio Receivers: 575,000,000
Radio Receivers per 1,000: 2,067.9
Number of Individuals with Computers: 161,000,000
1 billion computers were in use in 2008.
2-billion PC usage may occur sometime in 2015 or 2016.
134.4 million PC units were shipped in 2013 in the U.S.
Computers per 1,000: 579.0
Number of Individuals with Internet Access: 95,354,000 ?
Internet Access per 1,000: 342.9   Internet Users

Press Reference

Stories Published per year graph News Channels (wiki) - US Cable News (wiki)
Television News in the US (wiki)
List of United States over-the-air Television Networks (wiki)
24-Hour Television News Channels (wiki)
Cable and Satellite Television Networks (wiki)

It would take 42 ZB to record every word spoken with 16 khz 16 bit audio.

How many TV Shows? - How Many Churches?

Libraries- There are an estimated 119,729 Libraries of all kinds in the United States today. Wikipedia Stats.

Cemeteries - There is an estimated 500,000 Cemeteries in America.

Cellphones - 327,577,529 Cellphones in America and 6,800,000,000 worldwide. List of Countries by Number of Mobile Phones in Use (wiki). Smartphones.


News Papers


Newspaper is a periodical publication containing written information about current events and is often typed in black ink with a white or gray background. Newspapers can cover a wide variety of fields such as politics, business, sports and art, and often include materials such as opinion columns, weather forecasts, reviews of local services, obituaries, birth notices, crosswords, editorial cartoons, comic strips, and advice columns. Most newspapers are businesses, and they pay their expenses with a mixture of subscription revenue, newsstand sales, and advertising revenue. The journalism organizations that publish newspapers are themselves often metonymically called newspapers. Newspapers have traditionally been published in print (usually on cheap, low-grade paper called newsprint). However, today most newspapers are also published on websites as online newspapers, and some have even abandoned their print versions entirely. Newspapers developed in the 17th century, as information sheets for merchants. By the early 19th century, many cities in Europe, as well as North and South America, published newspapers. Some newspapers with high editorial independence, high journalism quality, and large circulation are viewed as newspapers of record.

1,387 Daily Newspapers in the U.S. - Newspapers

Newspapers in the US (wiki) - Newspapers List (wiki)

Newspaper Association of America - Too Much Wasted Paper

Mongolia has 111 newspapers, 90 magazines, and 72 radio stations. What about their education?

Newspapers in the World by Circulation (wiki) - Newspaper Circulation (wiki)

Around 2.5 billion people around the world read newspapers in print and 800 million on digital platforms

7,289 Magazines in the U.S - List of Magazines by Circulation - Statista

1,500 newspapers, 1,100 magazines, 9,000 radio stations, 1,500 TV stations and 2,400 publishers owned by 6 Corporations.


Schools - Universities


Who owns the Schools? Not you, and you pay for them. Who decides what is taught in our schools? Not you. Who decides what's on TV. Not you, and you pay for it. Changing the channel is not really about "choice".

How many Schools and Universities in America? Public Schools (Elementary, Secondary)  98,328 - State School (wiki).
Private Schools  30,861 - Private School (wiki) - School Types (wiki) - Online Schools.
Postsecondary Title IV institutions  7,234  (including 4 and 2 -year colleges, , and Degree-granting institutions).

There are 63,066,194 youths from 5 to 19 years of age, do we have enough schools for 63 million kids?

There are over 49.5 million public school students and 3.1 million teachers in America? Dropout Rates.


Newsworthy - What is Newsworthy?


Public Interest is information having relevance to the general populace that explains the state of affairs and the welfare or well-being of the general public or commonwealth. Public Interest must be assessed impartially and be evaluated so that people would actually benefit from this information and not be mislead, like with corporate controlled media.

National Interest is a country's goals and ambitions, whether economic, military, cultural or otherwise.

Public Interest Law - Welfare or Well-Being of the General Public

Report something informative that will increase knowledge and dissipate ignorance. Instruct, enlighten and inform people.
Report something timely and relevant and something valuable. Report something recent and new, like accidents, important events, crimes and discoveries. Report things that are close in proximity or something local. Report something that has a possible future impact. Report something interesting, weird, surprising, bizarre or shocking. Report something of conflict.

What is News? - Have you been Briefed?

How Many Things Happened Today? - Language as a Communication Tool

I enjoy some of the human interest story's, but where's the Facts Jack?

Out of all the deaths by murder that happened today, which one did the news report on? Out of all the deaths by health related causes that happened today, which one did the news report about? Out of all the births that happened today, which ones did the news report about? Out of all the good things and good deeds that people did today, which ones did the news report about? Out of all the white collar crimes that happened today, which one did the news report? Out of all the crimes committed by politicians that happened today, which one did the news report? Out of all the scientific discoveries that happened today, which one did the news report? Out of all the thousand of arrests that happened today, which one did the news report? Out of all the fatal accidents that happened today, which one did the news report? Out of all the crimes against women and children that happened today, which one did the news report? Out of all the great things that we learned today, which one did the news report?


Media Education - Understanding the Media


Media Consumption Sources Graph Media Literacy is a repertoire of competencies that enable people to analyze, evaluate, and create messages in a wide variety of media modes, genres, and formats. PDF - Media Literacy (wikiversity).

Media Psychology is the branch of psychology that focuses on the relationships between human behavior and the media. This branch is a relatively new field of study because of advancement in technology. It uses various methods of critical analysis and investigation to develop a working model of a user's perception on media experience.

Media is a term used to describe the mass communication industry, esp. newspaper, television and radio; journalists and other related professionals collectively. Transmissions that are disseminated widely to the public. A means or instrumentality for storing or communicating information. An intervening substance through which signals can travel as a means for communication.

Media Studies is a discipline and field of study that deals with the content, history, and effects of various media; in particular, the mass media. Media Studies may draw on traditions from both the social sciences and the humanities, but mostly from its core disciplines of mass communication, communication, communication sciences, and communication studies. Researchers may also develop and employ theories and methods from disciplines including cultural studies, rhetoric (including digital rhetoric), philosophy, literary theory, psychology, political science, political economy, economics, sociology, anthropology, social theory, art history and criticism, film theory, and information theory.

Media Consumption is the sum of information and entertainment media taken in by an individual or group. It includes activities such as interacting with new media, reading books and magazines, watching television and film, and listening to radio. An active media consumer must have the capacity for skepticism, judgment, free thinking, questioning, and understanding. There are a number of positive effects of media consumption when it's effectively done in the right way, which is seldom for most people. So media consumption can have a wide range of negative behavioral and emotional effects when people don't have the skills to filter information or know when to ask more questions and when it's necessary to investigate something more.

Filter Bubbles - Echo Chambers - False-Consensus Effect

Visual Literacy is the ability to interpret, negotiate, and make meaning from information presented in the form of an image, extending the meaning of literacy, which commonly signifies interpretation of a written or printed text. Visual literacy is based on the idea that pictures can be “read” and that meaning can be through a process of reading. PDF.

Visual Hierarchy refers to the arrangement or presentation of elements in a way that implies importance. In other words, visual hierarchy influences the order in which the human eye perceives what it sees. This order is created by the visual contrast between forms in a field of perception. Objects with highest contrast to their surroundings are recognized first by the human mind. The term visual hierarchy is used most frequently in the discourse of the visual arts fields, notably so within the field of graphic design.

Digital Literacy is the knowledge, skills, and behaviors used in a broad range of digital devices such as smartphones, tablets, laptops and desktop PCs, all of which are seen as network rather than computing devices. Digital literacy initially focused on digital skills and stand-alone computers, but the focus has moved from stand-alone to network devices. Data.

Screen Culture is an academic journal that exhibits scholarly writing across a number of disciplines revolving around the culture of media and the moving image. It is our mission to promote and expand the knowledge and understanding of film and media studies with its extensive interdisciplinary intersections.

Information and Media Literacy (wiki) - Information Literacy

Critical Literacy is the adoption of "critical" perspectives toward text. Critical literacy encourages readers to actively analyze texts and offers strategies for what proponents describe as uncovering underlying messages.

Critical Theory is a school of thought that stresses the reflective assessments and critique of society and culture by applying knowledge from the social sciences and the humanities.

Reading Comprehension - Spatial Intelligence

Concentration of Ownership (Dangerous Monopoly)

Fairness Doctrine introduced in 1949, that required the holders of broadcast licenses both to present controversial issues of public importance and to do so in a manner that was — in the Commission's view — honest, equitable, and balanced. The FCC eliminated the Doctrine in 1987, and in August 2011 the FCC formally removed the language that implemented the Doctrine.

Free Speech Zone also known as First Amendment zones, free speech cages, and protest zones) are areas set aside in public places for the purpose of political protesting. Freedom of Speech.

New Media are forms of media that are native to computers, computational and relying on computers for distribution. Some examples of new media are websites, mobile apps, virtual worlds, multimedia, computer games, human-computer interface, computer animation and interactive computer installations. New Media.

The News is a Dysfunctional and Manipulative Avenue through which a community learns very little about itself. Citizens of a community read, watch or listen to the news and hope to learn what they need to know so that they can actively participate in public life and public discourse. But sadly, News does not do this affectively, or does our local governments. Information and knowledge needs to be in the News everyday and on the FrontPage, if not, we are just wasting time, people and resources.

Are people addicted to Astonishment?

Dramatization or melodrama is a dramatic or literary work in which the plot, which is typically sensational and designed to appeal strongly to the emotions, takes precedence over detailed characterization. Characters are often simply drawn, and may appear stereotyped.

Comparing Media Systems: Three Models of Media and Politics

Who owns the News? - Who owns the Media?

Media Education Resources
Coalition Media Education
High School Journalism
Assoc. of Media Literacy
Center for Media Literacy
On the Media
Salzburg
Media Giraffe
Dangerous Mind
Multimedia Literacy
Techno Realism
Echo Chamber
Metaphysics 
Corporate Controlled Media
Corporations
Youtube Short Clip (youtube)
Telecommunications Act
Future of Local Media 
Media Watch
Center for Social Media
Media Awareness Network
Media Ed Foundation
The News Literacy Project
Media & Vulnerable Societies
Technology Liberal Education
Parents TV
Make Media Matter
Alliance of Civilizations
Media Literacy Europe
Media Reform Conference
Videocracy
Visual Thesaurus
Museum of Broadcast Communications
Propa Gator TV (youtube channel)
Center for Communication Career Tips & Media Links
New Media Literacy's
Media Studies (Rutgers)
Media Technology (wiki)
Communication Ethics
Press Complaints Commission
Programming the Nation

Related Subjects - Information Literacy - Freedom to Information - Linguistic Intelligence - Intrapersonal Intelligence - Journalists - Reporter - Translation Tools - User-Generated Content - Resources for Reporters - Internet Privacy - Corporation Abuses - Marketing - Newspapers - News Websites - Social Abuses - Social Responsibility - Problem Solving - The Brainwashers Game - Film (movies) - Documentary Websites.

Police investigating the Newtown school shooting have issued a stern warning over "misinformation" regarding the case being posted online, stating that the those behind fake profiles and other misleading information will be prosecuted. Does that mean Fox News and all the other corrupted contributors of misinformation? Contributors that we call 'The Media'? I would presume you would go after the ones doing the most damage to society? (Priorities). Besides, this misinformation is like alien life, sure people may believe in ET, but are they using that belief to control their actions or distort reality? Threating freedom of speech will never be as effective as teaching people the differences between Facts, Fiction and Opinion.

"Todays media is the most corrupted and ignorant way of delivering information, and you wonder why people are so ignorant."

"Life depicted in the media is like an Argo Movie, it's a fake representation that is used to distract you from reality." touché.



Marketing - Targeting


False Advertising is the use of false and misleading information or the use of unproven information to advertise products to consumers, while at the same time, not disclosing the products true source or the actual cost of the product or service. This means that there's no transparency, and the seller never clearly explains all the risks of the product or the side effects, and sometimes with no warning label, or just a vague warning label that never fully explains everything involved. Some advertisers use shills or a decoy who acts as an enthusiastic customer in order to stimulate the participation of others.

Front Men - False Claims - Free Speech Abuse - Fine Print

15 U.S. Code § 54 - False Advertisements; Penalties. Any person, partnership, or corporation who violates any provision of section 52(a) of this title shall, if the use of the commodity advertised may be injurious to health because of results from such use under the conditions prescribed in the advertisement thereof, or under such conditions as are customary or usual, or if such violation is with intent to defraud or mislead, be guilty of a misdemeanor, and upon conviction shall be punished by a fine of not more than $5,000 or by imprisonment for not more than six months, or by both such fine and imprisonment; except that if the conviction is for a violation committed after a first conviction of such person, partnership, or corporation, for any violation of such section, punishment shall be by a fine of not more than $10,000 or by imprisonment for not more than one year, or by both such fine and imprisonment: Provided, That for the purposes of this section meats and meat food products duly inspected, marked, and labeled in accordance with rules and regulations issued under the Meat Inspection Act [21 U.S.C. 601 et seq.] shall be conclusively presumed not injurious to health at the time the same leave official “establishments.”

Bogus Opinions - Quoting out of Context - Propaganda

Truth In Advertising is a federal law that says an ad must be truthful and not misleading, and, when appropriate, backed by scientific evidence. The Federal Trade Commission enforces these truth-in-advertising laws, and it applies the same standards no matter where an ad appears or where the consumer sees or hears an advertisement–whether it’s on the Internet online, radio or television, newspapers and magazines, in the mail, or on billboards or buses or anywhere else

Native Advertising is a type of disguised advertising, usually online, that matches the form and function of the platform upon which it appears. In many cases, it manifests as either an article or video, produced by an advertiser with the specific intent to promote a product, while matching the form and style which would otherwise be seen in the work of the platform's editorial staff. The word "native" refers to this coherence of the content with the other media that appears on the platform.

It's not just a commercial. It's a deliberate manipulation and a distortion of human behavior under the guise of selling a product.  Some marketing tactics are a deliberate attack on peoples need to connect and a need to feel a sense of belonging. Marketing dehumanizes human interaction and dehumanizes communication.

Television Advertisement is a span of television programming produced and paid for by an organization. It conveys a message promoting, and aiming to market, a product or service. Advertisers and marketers may refer to television commercials as TVCs. (TV advertisement is also called a television commercial, commercial, advert, TV advert or simply an ad).

Target is to select something or someone as an object of attention or attack. To aim at something or direct towards something.

Targeted Advertising is a form of advertising, including online, that is directed towards audiences with certain traits, based on the product or person the advertiser is promoting. These traits can either be demographic which are focused on race, economic status, sex, age, generation, the level of education, income level, and employment or they can be psychographic focused which are based on the consumer's values, personality, attitudes, opinions, lifestyles and interests. They can also be behavioral variables, such as browser history, purchase history, and other recent activity. Targeted advertising is focused on certain traits and the consumers who are likely to have a strong preference will receive the message instead of those who have no interest and whose preferences do not match a product's attribute. This eliminates waste.

Target Audience is the intended audience or readership of a publication, advertisement, or other message. In marketing and advertising, it is a particular group of consumers within the predetermined target market, identified as the targets or recipients for a particular advertisement or message. Businesses that have a wide target market will focus on a specific target audience for certain messages to send. One America News Network is an American right-wing television news channel targeting a conservative and center-right audience.

Information Bubbles - News Flaws - Vagueness - False Pretenses

Product Placement or embedded marketing is the act of placing a product within the content of a TV show or movie, as if were natural, in order to influence people to buy the product and make people believe the product is safe because they now so it somewhere. And most people are totally unaware that someone was paid to add that product into that show. This is False Advertising, it's a distortion of reality and totally misrepresents the truth and the facts. People can also embed words into a TV show or movie that expresses someone's world view or their beliefs and even spread propaganda, which is also false advertising and a violation of law.

Spam - Click Bait - Lying - Fraud - Theft - Public Relations

Marketing is getting the word out about a product or service. The management process through which goods and services move from concept to the customer.

Advertising is a public promotion of some product or service. The activity of persuading people to buy something that they don't necessarily need.

Keyword Advertising is a form of online advertising in which an advertiser pays to have an advertisement appear in the results listing when a person uses a particular phrase to search the Web, typically by employing a search engine. The particular phrase is composed of one or more key terms that are linked to one or more advertisements. The most common form or keyword advertising, focused on payment methods, is pay per click (PPC), with other forms being cost per action (CPA) or cost per mille (CPM).

Corporate Sponsored Content, Corporate Sponsored Movies, Criminal Sponsored Content, State Sponsored Content, Religion Sponsored Content, It's almost all Sponsored Content.

Front Groups - Secularity - Lobbyists

Sponsored Content is material that resembles the publication's editorial content but is paid for by an advertiser and intended to promote the advertiser's product.

Marketing things towards children should be illegal. Subliminal - Impulse Buying (addiction).

Corporate Pedophile is a term use to describe when big businesses use marketing tactics by sexualization teenagers and children in order to sell a products. Not only are the products unnecessary, these types of messages are criminal and damaging. Marketers are Grooming your Kids and at the same time creating pedophiles.

Kidfluencer is a child who is an influencer on social media. Using a child as a puppet for corporations who exploit other children for money should be a crime. Exploitation of Children

Marketing Targets People by forcing people to see things and hear things they did not ask for, all because they just happen to be some where and doing something unrelated. And marketers never say how much society has paid for this product or service. They never explain the amount of resources, time, work, people and money that it took, so there is no accurate measurement of quality or value. If you want people to make good decisions and be more informed about something, then you should do that by educating people on how to finds things of value, like locating knowledge and information that would benefit them. Marketers are like "Hey kid you want some candy", and we all know that person is a criminal, and that the candy is just a trap.

Marketing or Advertising is about people trying to make you buy something that you don't need, which is crazy, and a waste of resources and time. This is not the same as trying to convince someone to do something good, or trying to educate someone about something important. This is about manipulation that is being combined with a form of indoctrination. This is not just about selling a product, this is about selling you a false perception of reality. The context and imagery of an add is being used to subvert a persons sub-conscious, without them being aware of it, which is one of the main reasons why trying to sell to children or target children is illegal. Marketing is manifestation of peoples ignorance. It's ignorant people targeting the ignorance of other people, who are vulnerable to persuasion. This behavior is a clear sign that schools and universities are under-educating students. People are so inept these days that all they can do is blame other people for all the problems, while never taking responsibility for their own actions, which they can't even fully comprehend. We are in deep shit people, but at least we know what needs to be done. We need to improve education and let highly educated people fix the messes that we have passively accepted. It's time for intelligent adults to be the goal of every school and the goal of every media outlet in the world. A mind is a terrible thing to waste. There's nothing wrong with advertising, what's wrong with advertising are the criminals who use manipulating methods to sell people more than just products. This subliminal perversion and passive indoctrination is brain hacking and brain washing almost every person on earth, and they are totally unaware that they are being victimize by certain media outlets. Most TV commercials are part of the propaganda machine.

Advertising to Children shall not cause moral or physical detriment to minors, and shall, therefore, comply with the following criteria for their protection: a. it shall not directly exhort minors to buy a product or a service by exploiting their inexperience or credulity; b. it shall not directly encourage minors to persuade their parents or others to purchase the goods or services being advertised; c. it shall not exploit the special trust minors place in parents, teachers or other persons; d. it shall not unreasonably show minors in dangerous situations. In addition: e. Children's programs may only be interrupted if the scheduled duration is longer than 30 minutes. f. Product placement is not allowed in children's programs. g. The Member States and the Commission should encourage audiovisual media service providers to develop codes of conduct regarding the advertising of certain foods in children's programs. advertising could easily manipulate young children as they are less able to comprehend the implicit objective of advertisers. In the 19th century, the compulsory education of children was established which consequently made them target audiences of many publications. Spot Advertising is a form of advertising where advertisements appear between programs, which came to be known as a prodigious way of advertising. Studies estimate that children between the ages of 6 and 11 spend on average 28 hours a week watching television and are exposed to as many as 20,000 commercials in a single year. Pester Power is the "tendency of children, who are bombarded with marketers' messages, to unrelentingly request advertised items" The phrase is used to describe the negative connotations of children's influence in their parents' buying habits. Toy Advertising have been criticized for trading on children's naivete and for turning children into premature consumers. Advertising to children is usually regulated to ensure that it meets defined standards of honesty and decency. Food Marketing toward Children has increased the amount of advertising that intensively and aggressively targets children through multiple channels. Advertisements in schools have found ways to directly advertise to students including through logos and company names on school buses, athletic scoreboards and athletic jerseys. Direct Marketing communicate directly to a pre-selected customer and supply a method for a direct response.

Social Media Marketing is the use of social media platforms and websites to promote a product or service.

Consumerism is an ignorant process that encourages people to buy goods and services in ever-increasing amounts without considering the side effects, waste, damage or consequences.

Films about Marketing and Manipulative Tactics - The Century Of The Self is a long documentary but it explains a lot - BBC Four - 2002 - 2:40 minutes. Adam Curtis (wiki) -The Century of the Self (Full Documentary) (3:54). You can see a preview on Youtube. This great documentary has been attacked by copyright fanatics who constantly force the video to be taken down. These are are same criminals that this documentary talks about. So you might need to search the web to see the full version. I would also watch The Trap TV Series (March 11, 2007 – March 25,  2007, 180 min, 3 parts) - Political Systems.

Consuming Kids - The Commercialization of Childhood is a Great Documentary about Manipulative Advertising and the Exploitation of Children. - Trailer (youtube). It looks like Media Ed is against free speech. How Copyrights and Censorship Stifle innovation. If you search the Internet for the documentary you might find it somewhere else. 

Mind Programming (youtube)
The Art of Deception (Director: Randall Evans) (youtube)
Dark Patterns: User Interfaces Designed to Trick People (youtube)

Commercial Free Childhood - Consumer Data Information

Videos About Marketing and the Media
Behind The Big News (youtube)
Peter Diamandis: Abundance is our future (youtube)
John Oliver: Native Advertising (HBO) (youtube)
Southpark Episode 1909 “Truth and Advertising” (video)
Empire: Hollywood and the War Machine (another great youtube video removed by criminal minds)
Tough Guise: Violence & Violent Males in America (youtube)
The War You Don't See (youtube) - The War You Don't See (wiki) 
Branded (2012) (youtube) - Branded (wiki)

Advertising puffery is defined as advertising or promotional material that makes broad exaggerated or boastful statements about a product or service that are subjective (or a matter of opinion), rather than objective (something that is measurable), and that which no reasonable person would presume to be literally true.

Puffery refers to exaggerated or false praise. In law, puffery is a promotional statement or claim that expresses subjective rather than objective views, which no "reasonable person" would take literally. Puffery serves to "puff up" an exaggerated image of what is being described and is especially featured in testimonials.

Pseudoscience is a collection of beliefs or practices mistakenly regarded as being based on scientific method. Pseudoscience consists of statements, beliefs, or practices that are claimed to be both scientific and factual, but are incompatible with the scientific method. Pseudoscience is often characterized by contradictory, exaggerated or unfalsifiable claims; reliance on confirmation bias rather than rigorous attempts at refutation; lack of openness to evaluation by other experts; and absence of systematic practices when developing theories, and continued adherence long after they have been experimentally discredited. The term pseudoscience is considered pejorative because it suggests something is being presented as science inaccurately or even deceptively. Those described as practicing or advocating pseudoscience often dispute the characterization.

Psychological Tricks and Tactics used to make people buy more (image graph)

Boosterism is the act of promoting or boosting a town, city, or organization, with the goal of improving public perception of it. Boosting can be as simple as talking up the entity at a party or as elaborate as establishing a visitors' bureau. It has been somewhat associated with American small towns. Boosting is also done in political settings, especially in regard to disputed policies or controversial events. Using information in a creative way in order to hide the lies and mislead people.

Gruen Transfer in used in shopping mall design so that the moment when consumers enter a shopping mall or store, they're surrounded by an intentionally confusing layout, to make shoppers lose track of their original intentions, and thus making consumers more susceptible to make impulse buys. Mindless Consumers. People drink more and buy more food when listening to slow music.

Conversion Rate is the act of converting site visitors into paying customers. (money over people).

Upselling is a sales technique where a seller induces the customer to purchase more expensive items, upgrades or other add-ons in an attempt to make a more profitable sale. While it usually involves marketing more profitable services or products, it can be simply exposing the customer to other options that were perhaps not considered (A different technique is cross-selling in which a seller tries to sell something else). In practice, large businesses usually combine upselling and cross-selling to maximize profit.

Market Creation is creating a fictitious need for a product to consumers who don't really need if, causing people to misuse, abuse or over use a product, which causes more harm than good. Market creation is driven by greed and corruption.

Market Segmentation is the activity of dividing a broad consumer or business market, normally consisting of existing and potential customers, into sub-groups of consumers (known as segments) based on some type of shared characteristics. In dividing or segmenting markets, researchers typically look for common characteristics such as shared needs, common interests, similar lifestyles or even similar demographic profiles. The overall aim of segmentation is to identify high yield segments – that is, those segments that are likely to be the most profitable or that have growth potential – so that these can be selected for special attention (i.e. become target markets).

Conversion Funnel describes the journey a consumer takes through an Internet advertising or search system, navigating an e-commerce website and finally converting to a sale. The metaphor of a funnel is used to describe the decrease in numbers that occurs at each step of the process.

Opt-out refers to several methods by which individuals can avoid receiving unsolicited product or service information. This ability is usually associated with direct marketing campaigns such as, e-mail marketing, or direct mail. A list of those who have opted out is called a Robinson list.

Spamming is the use of electronic messaging systems to send an unsolicited message (spam), especially advertising, as well as sending messages repeatedly on the same site. While the most widely recognized form of spam is email spam, the term is applied to similar abuses in other media: instant messaging spam, Usenet newsgroup spam, Web search engine spam, spam in blogs, wiki spam, online classified ads spam, mobile phone messaging spam, Internet forum spam, junk fax transmissions, social spam, spam mobile apps, television advertising and file sharing spam. It is named after Spam, a luncheon meat, by way of a Monty Python sketch about a restaurant that has Spam in every dish and where patrons annoyingly chant "Spam!" over and over again. Do Not Call List.

Marketing is the study and management of exchange relationships.

Relationship Marketing was first defined as a form of marketing developed from direct response marketing campaigns which emphasizes customer retention and satisfaction, rather than a focus on sales transactions.

Direct Marketing is a form of advertising which allows businesses and nonprofit organizations to communicate directly to customers through a variety of media including cell phone text messaging, email, websites, online adverts, database marketing, fliers, catalog distribution, promotional letters and targeted television, newspaper and magazine advertisements as well as outdoor advertising. Among practitioners, it is also known as direct response.

Marketing Mix is a foundation model for businesses, historically centered around product, price, place, and promotion (also known as the "4 Ps"). The marketing mix has been defined as the "set of marketing tools that the firm uses to pursue its marketing objectives in the target market". Thus the marketing mix refers to four broad levels of marketing decision: product, price, place, and promotion.

Influencer Marketing is a form of marketing in which focus is placed on specific key individuals (or types of individual) rather than the target market as a whole. It identifies the individuals that have influence over potential buyers, and orients marketing activities around these influencers.

Third-Party Technique is a marketing strategy employed by public relations (PR) firms, that involves placing a premeditated message in the "mouth of the media." Third-party technique can take many forms, ranging from the hiring of journalists to report the organization in a favorable light, to using scientists within the organization to present their perhaps prejudicial findings to the public.

Two Faced Lying - Click Bait

Multi-Level Marketing also called Pyramid Scheme.

Multilevel Marketing: Last Week Tonight with John Oliver (HBO) (youtube)

Commercial Free Childhood - Kids and Advertising

Viral Marketing is a marketing technique that uses pre-existing social networking services and other technologies to produce increases in brand awareness or to achieve other marketing objectives (such as product sales or marketing buzz) through self-replicating viral processes, analogous to the spread of viruses or computer viruses. It can be delivered by word of mouth or enhanced by the network effects of the Internet and mobile networks.

Guerrilla Marketing is an advertisement strategy to promote products or services on the streets or other public places with little money. This involves getting the attention of the public. Guerrilla marketing is done in public places such as shopping centers, parks or beaches to attract a big audience. It was popularized by Jay Conrad Levinson in the book Guerrilla Marketing, 1984. Traditional advertising media are channels such as print, radio, television and direct mail but as we are moving away from these channels the marketers and advertisers have to find new strategies to get their commercial messages to the consumer. Guerrilla marketing is an alternative strategy and is about taking the consumer by surprise to make a big impression about the brand (What is Guerrilla Marketing, 2015), this in turn creates buzz about the brand or product being marketed. It is a way of advertising that increases engagement with the product or service, and is designed to create a memorable experience for the consumer. By creating this memorable experience for the consumer, it also increases the likelihood that a consumer, or someone who interacted with the campaign will tell their friends about it and via word of mouth the product or service being advertised reaches a lot more people than initially anticipated, and means it has more of a mass audience.

Advertising Awareness - Advertising Review Council

Unfair Deceptive Advertising (FTC) - Ad Busters

Persuasion Tactics - Marketing Madness

Direct Marketing Association are national trade organizations that seek to advance all forms of direct marketing. 

Criticism of Advertising includes unsolicited commercial email and other forms of spam that have become so prevalent that they are a major nuisance to internet users, as well as being a financial burden on internet service providers. Advertising increasingly invades public spaces, such as schools, which some critics argue is a form of child exploitation. Advertising frequently uses psychological pressure (for example, appealing to feelings of inadequacy) on the intended consumer, which may be harmful. As a result of these criticisms, the advertising industry has seen low approval rates in surveys and negative cultural portrayals.


Click Bait - Lures - Traps


Clickbait is a title heading or an image that is designed to entice and attract attention and encourage people to click on a link to a particular web page or advertisement. The title of a news article could answer a question, but click bait scumbags don't want to put the answer in the title, they want people to be forced to look for an answer that is not always there or even accurate, thus wasting peoples time and distracting people from learning anything valuable.

Triggers - Keywords - Catch Phrase - Dopamine - Drug Pusher

Love Bombing - False Advertising - Fudging Data - Seeing the Whole Picture

Bait is a lure that entices, seduces or entraps someone with false or exaggerated promises. To deliberately provoke someone by mocking them or poking fun at them, often in an aggressive manner. Something that is used to lure fish or other animals into danger so they can be trapped or killed.

Falling for something hook, line, and sinker means that you naively believe something completely, even though it's not true.

Lure is to provoke someone to do something through false or exaggerated promises or persuasion. Qualities that attract by seeming to promise some kind of reward. Anything that serves as an enticement. Something used to lure fish or other animals into danger so they can be trapped or killed.

Trap is a device in which something can be caught and held and prevented from moving. Trap is something deceptively attractive that catches you unaware of dangers. The act of concealing yourself and lying in wait to attack someone by surprise. Kidnapping.

Carrot and Stick is a metaphor for the use of a combination of reward and punishment to induce a desired behavior. Dangling a reward or the carrot in one hand and a punishment or the stick in the other.

Bait-and-Switch is a form of fraud used in retail sales, but also employed in other contexts. First, customers are "baited" by merchants advertising products or services at a low price, but when customers visit the store, they discover that the advertised goods either are not available or are not as good as expected, or the customers are pressured by sales people to consider similar, but higher-priced, items ("switching"). Fine Print.

Confidence Trick is an attempt to defraud a person or group after first gaining their confidence, used in the classical sense of trust. Confidence tricks exploit characteristics of the human psyche such as dishonesty, honesty, vanity, compassion, credulity, irresponsibility, naïveté and greed.(synonyms include confidence game, confidence scheme, ripoff, scam and stratagem).

Decoy Effect is the phenomenon whereby consumers will tend to have a specific change in preference between two options when also presented with a third option that is asymmetrically dominated. An option is asymmetrically dominated when it is inferior in all respects to one option; but, in comparison to the other option, it is inferior in some respects and superior in others. In other words, in terms of specific attributes determining preferability, it is completely dominated by (i.e., inferior to) one option and only partially dominated by the other. When the asymmetrically dominated option is present, a higher percentage of consumers will prefer the dominating option than when the asymmetrically dominated option is absent. The asymmetrically dominated option is therefore a decoy serving to increase preference for the dominating option. The decoy effect is also an example of the violation of the independence of irrelevant alternatives axiom of decision theory. Lesser of Two Evils.

Trojan Horse is an advertising offer made by a company that is designed to draw potential customers by offering them cash or something of value for acceptance, but following acceptance, the buyer is forced to spend a much larger amount of money, either by being signed into a lengthy contract, from which exit is difficult, or by having money automatically drawn in some other method. The harmful consequences faced by the customer may include spending far above market rate, large amount of debt, or identity theft. Consent.

Buzzwords is a word or phrase, new or already existing, that becomes very popular for a period of time. Buzzwords often derive from technical terms yet often have much of the original technical meaning removed through fashionable use, being simply used to impress others; although such "buzzwords" may still have the full meaning when used in certain technical contexts. Buzzwords often originate in jargon, acronyms, or neologisms. Examples of overworked business buzzwords include synergy, vertical, dynamic, cyber and strategy; a common buzzword phrase is "think outside the box".

Betteridge's Law of Headlines is an adage that states: "Any headline that ends in a question mark can be answered by the word No."

Call to Action is a marketing term used extensively in advertising and selling. It refers to any device designed to prompt an immediate response or encourage an immediate sale. A CTA most often refers to the use of words or phrases that can be incorporated into sales scripts, advertising messages or web pages that encourage consumers to take prompt action.

Prompt is to give an incentive for action and serve as the inciting cause of some action. To urge someone on cause someone to act. (but if your are inciting waste or abuse then you're a criminal).

Response is a result. A bodily process occurring due to the effect of some antecedent stimulus or agent.

Media Words - Subliminal Messages

Binaural Beats - Alpha - Theta

Electroencephalography (brain waves)

Sound Perception (sound effects)

Visual Effects - Special Effects

Brandwashed: Tricks Companies Use to Manipulate Our Minds and Persuade Us to Buy Hardcover – September 20, 2011 (amazon - book)

Six Key Principles of Influence - Reciprocity – People tend to return a favor, thus the pervasiveness of free samples in marketing. In his conferences, he often uses the example of Ethiopia providing thousands of dollars in humanitarian aid to Mexico just after the 1985 earthquake, despite Ethiopia suffering from a crippling famine and civil war at the time. Ethiopia had been reciprocating for the diplomatic support Mexico provided when Italy invaded Ethiopia in 1935. The good cop/bad cop strategy is also based on this principle. Commitment and Consistency – If people commit, orally or in writing, to an idea or goal, they are more likely to honor that commitment because of establishing that idea or goal as being congruent with their self-image. Even if the original incentive or motivation is removed after they have already agreed, they will continue to honor the agreement. Cialdini notes Chinese brainwashing on American prisoners of war to rewrite their self-image and gain automatic unenforced compliance. Another example is children being made to repeatedly "pledge allegiance" to the United States. Social Proof – People will do things that they see other people are doing. For example, in one experiment, one or more confederates would look up into the sky; bystanders would then look up into the sky to see what they were seeing. At one point this experiment aborted, as so many people were looking up that they stopped traffic. See conformity, and the Asch conformity experiments. Authority – People will tend to obey authority figures, even if they are asked to perform objectionable acts. Cialdini cites incidents such as the Milgram experiments in the early 1960s and the My Lai massacre. Liking – People are easily persuaded by other people that they like. Cialdini cites the marketing of Tupperware in what might now be called viral marketing. People were more likely to buy if they liked the person selling it to them. Some of the many biases favoring more attractive people are discussed. See physical attractiveness stereotype. Scarcity – Perceived scarcity will generate demand. For example, saying offers are available for a "limited time only" encourages sales.

"When people are more interested in selling you something than educating you about something, that type of ignorance will always do more damage than the product itself."


Persuasion Techniques


A – Attention or Awareness: Attract the attention of the customer.
I – Interest of the Customer. Get the Customer interested.
D – Desire: Convince customers that they want and desire the product or service and that it will satisfy their needs.
A – Action: Lead customers towards taking an action and/or purchasing the product or service. AIDA.

What Phrases Sales People and Advertisers use to Manipulate your thinking:
I would not want to tell you to do this ________  (fill in the Blank) 
You might want to do this _________ (fill in the Blank)
What helps you to know whether it's A or B? 
How would you know whether it's A or B?
You don't have to decide right now.
Why is it that some people see it and some people don't?
I'm not sure if this is the right time.
How do you know if this is a good time?

Persuading - Keywords

Covert Hypnosis refers to an attempt to communicate with another person's unconscious mind without that person noticing. As it often takes place in the course of a seemingly regular conversation, it is also known as conversational hypnosis or sleight of mouth. The objective is to change the person’s behavior subconsciously so that the target believes that they changed their mind of their own volition. When performed successfully, the target is unaware that they have been hypnotized or that anything unusual has occurred.

Sweet Talk is when you insincerely praise someone in order to persuade them to do something.

Reactance in psychology is an unpleasant motivational arousal (reaction) to offers, persons, rules, or regulations that threaten or eliminate specific behavioral freedoms. Reactance occurs when a person feels that someone or something is taking away their choices or limiting the range of alternatives. Reactance can occur when someone is heavily pressured to accept a certain view or attitude. Reactance can cause the person to adopt or strengthen a view or attitude that is contrary to what was intended, and also increases resistance to persuasion. People using reverse psychology are playing on reactance, attempting to influence someone to choose the opposite of what they request.

Endowment Effect is the finding that people are more likely to retain an object they own than acquire that same object when they do not own it. The endowment theory can be defined as "an application of prospect theory positing that loss aversion associated with ownership explains observed exchange asymmetries." This is typically illustrated in two ways. In a valuation paradigm, people's maximum willingness to pay (WTP) to acquire an object is typically lower than the least amount they are willing to accept (WTA) to give up that same object when they own it—even when there is no cause for attachment, or even if the item was only obtained minutes ago. In an exchange paradigm, people given a good are reluctant to trade it for another good of similar value. For example, participants first given a Swiss chocolate bar were generally unwilling to trade it for a coffee mug, whereas participants first given the coffee mug were generally unwilling to trade it for the chocolate bar. A more controversial third paradigm used to elicit the endowment effect is the mere ownership paradigm, primarily used in experiments in psychology, marketing, and organizational behavior. In this paradigm, people who are randomly assigned to receive a good ("owners") evaluate it more positively than people who are not randomly assigned to receive the good ("controls"). The distinction between this paradigm and the first two is that it is not incentive-compatible. In other words, participants are not explicitly incentivized to reveal the extent to which they truly like or value the good. The endowment effect can be equated to the behavioural model Willingness to Accept or Pay (WTAP), a formula sometimes used to find out how much a consumer or person is willing to put up with or lose for different outcomes. However, this model has come under recent criticism as potentially inaccurate. Endowment effect in psychology and behavioral economics, the endowment effect (also known as divestiture aversion and related to the mere ownership effect in social psychology).

Unique Selling Proposition is a marketing concept first proposed as a theory to explain a pattern in successful advertising campaigns of the early 1940s. The USP states that such campaigns made unique propositions to customers that convinced them to switch brands.

Prime Behavior Testing Laboratories

Hypnotic Language 

Neuro-Linguistic Programming

The good thing about these phrases above is that they can be used as a positive way to communicate, instead of being used to manipulate people. One example is when asking people "How important is it to you to be a voter?" those people were more likely to be motivated to get to the polls than just asking them about the importance of voting. Another example, preschoolers who were asked about being helpers offered aid 20 percent more often than kids who were asked just to help.

Noun Phrase - Grammatical Case - Verb Framing

Then there's Free Gift Trick, the Two for One, the Scarcity Ploy, the Reference Retail, and Fatigue Spending.

Persuasion Techniques (shallow)
Foot in the Door.
Commitment & Consistency Principle.
Door in the Face Principle.
Scarcity Principle that pretends there are not many.
Anchoring Principle.
Social Proof or Expert opinions Persuasion technique.
9/10 doctors is a lie because you know nothing about the qualifications of these doctors or if they were paid to endorse a particular product.

Reciprocation Principle says that people tend to feel obliged to return favors. Regardless of whether the person likes the gift, they’re still inclined to give something in return. Having someone feel indebted to you is something that will always be useful, raising your chances of receiving something you want exponentially. If people are nice to you only for the money then they are not genuine, they are frauds who play games to get what they want, shallow and despicable.

The foot in the door principle means that prior to asking for a big favor, you should ask for a smaller one. By first asking for something small, you’re making the individual “committed” to helping you, and the larger request acts as a continuation of something technically already agreed upon. Persuasions.

Negotiation - Debating

"Imagine if marketing was used for good purposes, used as a technique to inspire people to take actions that benefit them, and benefit others, and not just be a benefit to someone's greed or blind ignorance, that ends up harming people and harming the environment."

Instead of wasting time, people and resources trying to sell something that's not needed, how about using marketing skills to sell something that is needed, like something educational. Public Awareness.

It's sad when you're watching a film about manipulative marketing or about some corrupt corporation, and then during the film you are subjected to a stupid commercial or add that portrays the same sick behavior that the film is talking about.

What is the Value and True Cost of your Efforts?

Digital Advertising Alliance (DAA) Self-Regulatory Program

Who's marketing the marketers? Who's lying to the liars? Marketing takes a lot of skill, a lot of insight and a lot of ingenuity, but all that potential is lost in the pursuit of just money.


The Numbers - Real Math - Does it add Up


Numbers don't Lie when they are used correctly: If commercials showed the numbers behind their product then people would be able to make a logical decision on what better alternatives there are to that product. Numbers like, what is the life expectancy of the product? What is the energy output or efficiency of the product? (numbers). What are the expected maintenances for the product? How does this product compare to similar products? (side by side comparison). What is the Feedback from customers? What is the the recyclability of the product? How much energy was used, in all steps combined, to make the final product? What are the environmental impacts from the entire manufacturing process? How many resources did the product use in the manufacturing process? How many people in all did it take to make the final product? How much energy, time and people did it take to get the necessary resources for the final product? How much time did it take to complete the final product?

Most commercials deceive the public and lie about the true and total cost of the product, which the cost is past onto to you without even buying it. 

How to Choose what Food is Healthy?

Levels of Mind Control, Cognitive, Emotional, Subconscious and Biological (youtube)
Sex in Advertising, Mind Control, Video Psychology, Sex Porn Sell (youtube)
Sex Addiction, Restless Legs Syndrome, PMS & Porno Drug, Mind Control Report (youtube)
Killing Us Softly: Advertising Image of Women (youtube)
Michael Tsarion Architects of Control Program One Mass Control and Future of Mankind (youtube) - Film 2 

"It's hard for me to explain to people just how blind they are especially when most people refuse to open their eyes." The Word.


Subliminal - Below Conscious Perception


Subliminal Stimuli are any sensory stimuli below an individual's threshold for conscious perception. But how do you know what's under your threshold of understanding? And how do you know what kind of affects it's having on your behavior?

Vague ideas can spread false beliefs. The subconscious mind is vulnerable because awareness is not always clear.

11 Hidden Messages In Food Ads and Logos.

Subliminal Messages (youtube)

Scientists Shed New Light on How the Brain Processes & Maintains What We Don’t See.

TROM - 2.16 Advertising (youtube)

Propaganda 2012 (youtube) - The Merchants of Cool - PBS Frontline 2/27/01

Mind Control - Brain Washing - TV - Spam - Propaganda - Rumors - Hypnosis - Implicit Learning - Passive Learning.



Online News vs. TV News


Some media outlets give a voice to lying scumbags because they know that it infuriates people and causes division and causes distractions. When you repeat bullshit and stupid remarks that have no relevance or proof, you are an accessory to perjury and part of the problem, which you don't care about because you're an ignorant scumbag criminal.

When ignorant as*holes are given a voice, it turns language into a weapon instead of using language as a tool for communication, progress and advancement. Ignorant as*holes will say anything for money and attention. They will even speak lies and also slander people for no reason without evidence or facts. We need to stop people from using money as an excuse for being an ignorant as*holes and criminals. Freedom of Speech was not intended for as*hole criminals to use it as a protection to say the most heinous, hurtful and disturbing sh*t. They are not informing people, they are manipulating people and brainwashing people. The patriot act needs to shut these as*holes down. "Dangerous to human life that are a violation of the criminal laws of the United States or of any State" and are intended to "intimidate or coerce a civilian population," "influence the policy of a government by intimidation or coercion." Free Speech Abuse.

The Spread Of Misinformation Online is a Growing Problem - False Advertising

When seeing the news I usually say this..."That is a Lie and a Very Ignorant Observation"...Why can't you tell it like it is?

90% of the News is just a perfect blend of half truths and BS, a constant flow of noise pollution and background noise mostly directed at your emotions. So you are never truly informed of the facts, you're just being distracted and manipulated.

Right-Wing Media expresses opinions from a conservative or right wing point of view and politicized reporting as a counter to a perceived liberal bias of mainstream media. Many prominent mainstream newspapers are still conservative in some ways. Conservative activists began to found their own magazines to counter alleged liberal bias in mainstream media, and to propagate conservative point of view. Talk Radio and Blogs political persuasions have become increasingly influential. The Separation of Church and State is an illusion. Shills - Paid Trolls.

Fox News is committing fraud and corrupting the minds of children, which is child abuse, which is also illegal. Even if is just a puppets reading from a script, they are still accessories to the crimes of fraud and abuse, which makes them criminals in the eyes of the law. So why are these criminals not arrested? Why do so many white collar crimes go unpunished and are never prosecuted? If the justice system can be corrupted, that means that America's don't live in a democracy. There are some really horrible things happening. Every person needs to be aware of the problems that are eroding America's democracy and eroding its constitution and eroding Americas ability to be a true republic. We are living a lie and the truth has slip through our fingers. Time to gather up the truth and put an end to these lies. Sleeping beauty just got kissed.

John Oliver Explains Why Tucker Carlson Is A Dangerous White Supremacist.(youtube) - In the latest episode of "Last Week Tonight." Oliver breaks down where Carlson came from and why his rhetoric is so dangerous.

OAN is a far right extremist propaganda machine funded by republicans. Criminals in sheep's clothing. Two Faced - Puppets.

Filler is often put on a physical medium or in a "time slot" that does not perfectly fit, so filler is added to the material of greater relevance or quality to fill a certain time slot or physical medium. (so the news is mostly artificial fillers).


How to Protect Yourself from all the Bullshit


You learn over time to know which headlines are misleading and what subject matter is relevant or irrelevant. Most are just based on speculation and don't reveal any new information or insight. The article comments sometimes offer more insight then the actual article itself, but not always. Marginalia, or notes in the margins is nothing new. But electronic annotates themselves can also be speculation. So you have to ask, why do news people waste our valuable time? And why do people waste even more time commenting on something that is a waste of time to begin with? After you break it all down how much information is actually there? Who wants to go through 100% garbage just to find the 10% that may not be garbage? The people going through all the garbage that our media regurgitates daily, just to find the 10% that might be useful, should be paid a nice income. But of course the most logical thing to do is to stop creating so much garbage. People talk but they don’t say anything. And what I mean by that is, 90 percent of people on TV, Radio and the printed media are not saying anything important, honest or insightful. We are horribly over saturated with empty words. If the Media spent the same amount of time educating the public, as they do trying to manipulate the public, we would have a lot less ignorance in the world. This is a horrible waste of technology and a waste of an extremely important public service. They need to pass a law that makes a fair portion of our media to have numerous intelligent people communicating the most important knowledge and information that is relevant, honest and to the point. It seems that the people who are responsible for making these improvements feel that they are somehow separated from everyone else on the planet. I guess it's just another one of those psychopathic affects that money and power inflicts on your average unsuspecting human. Most of today's reporters and journalists are mostly actors and screenwriters who do their job only for the money instead of the service. Most are just pretending to have a conscience and some are even oblivious to the truth, like those scumbags on FOX News.

The reason why I mostly get my News and Information from the Internet is that I can scan over 500 news articles everyday. And from those 500 or so news articles, there is bound to be some useful information that slips through or can be filtered out. I usually find on the average of 5 to 10 articles worth reading, and from those articles, I usually find key words and phrases that I need to find more information on, and sometimes I find more valuable information from those searches then the news article itself. So learning from the internet is a million more times effective than watching TV. If you watch TV on a regular basis, and rely only on News Papers and the Radio for information, then you are most likely a moron, and the sad part is, you don't even know how ignorant you are.

When browsing news articles online, I usually just click on one story of interest after browsing over 50 plus story headlines on each news website that I like to visit. That is the equivalent to watching 24 hours of TV news and seeing only one thing of value. That is how much junk there is on TV, and also how much junk there is on the world wide web. But at least the Internet is a 1,000 times more efficient and 5,000 times more effective when it comes to searching for accuracy. This is because you can listen to more than one opinion from multiple sources, so you have a lot more information to choose from. Plus with so much to choose from, there's something for everyone. Information on demand with just a click of the mouse, or a hand gesture, or the sound of your voice. But the internet still has risks, even knowing that it's a lot better than TV, Radio and News Papers. You need to be skilled in misinformation detection and always remember that a lot of what you see is corporate controlled. So seek out trust worthy journalists and independent news outlets, and always have multiple sources to avoid information bubbles. Evaluating Internet Research Sources.

Most of what you see in the news is not a window to the world, it's more of a window into one of your crazy neighbors house. Imagine just wasting all your time looking into just one of your neighbors windows when there's millions of other houses and millions of other people. You're like the allegory in a cave. The people closest to the window can see more than the people standing way back from the window looking over other peoples shoulder.

The audience is always amazed to see tricks at the magic show, except for the magician. The magician is just doing the job of an entertainer.

Today's mainstream media news is filled with a bunch ignorant morons commenting on other ignorant morons using the same ignorant words as the other ignorant morons to describe what the other ignorant morons are saying. (A Viral Loop that is similar to the cycle of ignorance except that this is on a different playing field, we should be learning and progressing instead of just spending most of our time regurgitating, makes me wonder if 'two girls and one cup' is just an interpretive dance that expresses what the media actually looks like at times, yes you are totally gross.) This goes way beyond being irresponsible, this is criminally negligent. I'm all for having variety and having something for everyone but you have to have organization in order to maximize understanding instead of distractions that waste time, confuse and manipulate, which will not educate people enough to take appropriate action. Maybe news websites should have a section called relevant news so it's separated from all the irrelevant news. And we all know that it's not what you say it's how you say it. When you attach your opinion to information it no longer is information. If you are not stating any facts or evidence you're just wasting valuable time and resources. We should even go as far as making TV shows who try to pretend that they are the news register as sex offenders because they are truly mind f ***ing the public. The FCC should make them have a warning message super imposed at the bottom of their televised program that says "This Program is Propaganda and a Dangerous and Irresponsible Distortion of Reality." Of course entertainment shows like sports, movies, comedies and talent shows would not have to have this warning message as long as they are clearly labeled as entertainment. News should just be news. Investigated reporting without opinion that states the facts and the evidence to help Inform and educate the public without any corporate sponsored manipulation. Wasted Technology.

"Sometimes you have to go through a lot of misinformation and propaganda in order to get the most valuable information that is available. And it's also good to know what crazy shit people are saying."

Once you turn on the TV, you give up your right to decide what's important and valuable. You allow strangers to make decisions for you. Strangers who don't give a f*ck about you, your family, your country, or your planet.

We are the only species on the planet that communicates information that has no meaning or value to the listener. Every life form on earth transmits information for a reason, except for humans, we transmit a lot of information for no reasons, or at least, no good reasons. Imagine if all life forms communicated for no reason, you would have total freaking chaos. That's one of the reasons why humans have chaos, because that's what we are transmitting. Why are we allowing this? So why are we spending time and energy just to make things worse?  Time to wake up fellas, time to put your money where your mouth is.

You talk, but you don't say anything. Vague.

We have more ways to communicate then any other time in Human History, but sadly,  90% of the time, we are not communicating anything valuable or relevant. If only 10% of what is being transmitted was actually valuable and useful, we would have a much better world right now. Relevance Today.com

One of the greatest gifts is our ability to digitize our language, which saves trees, time, resources and people. But there is a reason why we still need to write in stone. People waste more then just time when they read things of little value or importance. We waste a lot of valuable time people, energy and resources reading and hearing shit from the TV, news papers, magazines, textbooks, and all the other shit that people feel the need to print. Why do people like read read shit? The crap in the media is horrible. So why do people read this junk? Why don't people demand a higher quality news and demand better media outlets? This is another thing we must educate our young about, how to make improvements in the world, how to stop ignorant people from doing things just for the money? People instead should be doing things because it's the best choice that we have, at the moment.

Relevance Paradox is just bad Problem Solving.

If you want to improve the News, create a News Network that makes the old one Obsolete. Relevance Today.com

It's amazing how TV makes Disinformation look so beautiful. So you have to ask, what kind of evil scumbag would want to use an amazing technology like TV, as well as time, people and resources,  just to make Poison look good?

Are Distractions and Propaganda the same thing? Can Codependency also be related to the publics interpretation of the world or World View? Is the Media Enabling the public in a negative sense? (Howard Polley)

Sometimes watching the news on TV is like watching a Snuff Film, you become an Accessory to the Crime just by watching it.

"I believe that the human race has developed a form of collective schizophrenia in which we are not only the slaves to this imposed thought behavior, but we are also the police force of it." (David Icke)

Once you start stereotyping words then you limit the ability to communicate effectively. Stereotyping words is narrow minded prejudice at its worst.

You would be an ignorant moron if you used Popularity as your only gauge to determine how true or how important something is. But the sad fact is that people do use popularity as their only gauge to determine how true or how important something is. And that type of thinking is exactly why so many people get exploited and mislead. Like a dog chasing her own tail. Is there such a thing as a people whisperer?

Fame - Recognition

"People are so careful about what they say in public that they end up not saying anything insightful, important or meaningful. What's the point of talking if you can't say anything insightful or meaningful, especially things that would help people understand a problem or truly understand the information you're trying to explain. Not using language to its full potential is pitiful and a total disgrace to Human Language. I'm not saying that always speaking your mind openly and honestly is a good idea, because you still have to find the right place and time to speak. The most important thing is that you eventually do speak, and speak well about things that are important."

Control Your Temper - Writing Tips - Communication Skills

The news is saying "Hey, look at how stupid and messed up we are."  But the news give us very little information about what we are doing about our problems. If the news is going to remind us everyday about how f*cked up we are, at least add some information at the end of the each story, information that gives the viewer some awareness on the things that they can do that would help elevate a particular problem. Problems have solutions, so just don't show the problem, show solutions, show services, and show some respect as well. And this is when the conversations begin. This is when we start seeing the facts more clearly, and fully understanding our problems. Let us not forget that humans are amazing, and when we are given the choice between happiness and sadness, we will always choose happy over sad, always. Happy is Good, Happy is God

University of Florida found that 83 percent of web content is wholly unfit for human consumption. Which is a lie because 83 percent of web would be billions of pages. What they mean is that 83 percent of web content that "they looked at" was unfit. So you have to ask, what websites were they looking at? But even then, to say that 17% of the internet is useful is saying that there are millions of sources of good information on the internet. TV only offers less then .01 % of useful information. The study also revealed that zero percent of internet content was currently considered suitable for children and could lead to lifelong cognitive defects. Again, what websites were they looking at? Fox News I would guess? Or Faux News? Data showed that the vast majority of online material proved to be fetid, noxious, or otherwise detrimental to an individual’s well-being. Participants typically reported feeling mild irritation to severe discomfort and even intense nausea. The research determined that even content that may at first seem palatable is not good for you, as it often contains dangerous byproducts in the form of harmful autoplaying video and sponsored links to partner websites. If I ever did waste my time looking at the research or attempted research, I would first have to ask what websites were they looking at? And they think is considered suitable for children? They should have done this research on the effects of TV, and Disney Movies. I would also like to know who funded the research? I believe they were influenced by ignorant people?

Morrissey - Spent the Day in Bed (youtube) - Stop watching the news, Because the news contrives to frighten you, To make you feel small and alone, To make you feel that your mind isn't your own, No bus, no boss, no rain, no train.



Radio Stations


Radio Broadcasting is transmission of audio (sometimes with related metadata) by radio waves intended to reach a wide audience. Stations can be affiliated to radio networks broadcasting a common radio format, either in broadcast syndication or simulcast or both. Signals can be either analog audio or digital audio. Television broadcasting also uses radio frequencies, but includes video signals. Ratings.

Golden Age of Radio or old-time radio, was an era of radio in the United States where it was the dominant electronic home entertainment medium. It began with the birth of commercial radio broadcasting in the early 1920s and lasted through the 1950s, when television gradually superseded radio as the medium of choice for scripted programming, variety and dramatic shows. Radio was the first broadcast medium, and during this period people regularly tuned in to their favorite radio programs, and families gathered to listen to the home radio in the evening. According to a 1947 C. E. Hooper survey, 82 out of 100 Americans were found to be radio listeners. A variety of new entertainment formats and genres were created for the new medium, many of which later migrated to television: radio plays, mystery serials, soap operas, quiz shows, talent shows, daytime and evening variety hours, situation comedies, play-by-play sports, children's shows, cooking shows, and more.
In the 1950s, television superseded radio as the most popular broadcast medium, and commercial radio programming shifted to narrower formats of news, talk, sports and music. Religious broadcasters, listener-supported public radio and college stations provide their own distinctive formats.

Radio Format describes the overall content broadcast on a radio station. In countries where radio spectrum use is legally regulated (such as by OFCOM in the UK), formats may have a legal status where stations are licensed to transmit only specific formats. Radio formats are frequently employed as a marketing tool, and are subject to frequent change. Music radio, old time radio, all-news radio, sports radio, talk radio and weather radio describe the operation of different genres of radio format and each format can often be sub-divided into many specialty formats.

Urban Contemporary also known as hip hop, urban pop, or just simply urban, is a music radio format. The term was coined by New York radio DJ Frankie Crocker in the early to mid-1970s as a synonym for Black music. Urban contemporary radio stations feature a playlist made up entirely of Black genres such as R&B, pop-rap, British R&B, quiet storm, adult contemporary, hip hop, Latin music such as Latin pop, Chicano R&B and Chicano rap, and Caribbean music such as reggae. Urban contemporary was developed through the characteristics of genres such as R&B and soul. Largely a US phenomenon, virtually all urban contemporary formatted radio stations in the United States are located in cities that have sizeable African-American populations, such as New York City, Washington, D.C., Detroit, Atlanta, Miami, Chicago, Cleveland, Philadelphia, Montgomery, Memphis, St. Louis, Newark, New Orleans, Cincinnati, Dallas, Houston, Oakland, Los Angeles, Trenton, Flint, Baltimore, Boston, Birmingham, Savannah, and Jackson. Urban contemporary includes the more contemporary elements of R&B and may incorporate production elements found in urban pop, urban Euro-pop, urban rock, and urban alternative.

Talk Radio is a radio format containing discussion about topical issues and consisting entirely or almost entirely of original spoken word content rather than outside music. Most shows are regularly hosted by a single individual, and often feature interviews with a number of different guests. Talk radio typically includes an element of listener participation, usually by broadcasting live conversations between the host and listeners who "call in" (usually via telephone) to the show. Listener contributions are usually screened by a show's producers in order to maximize audience interest and, in the case of commercial talk radio, to attract advertisers. Generally, the shows are organized into segments, each separated by a pause for advertisements; however, in public or non-commercial radio, music is sometimes played in place of commercials to separate the program segments. Variations of talk radio include conservative talk, hot talk, liberal talk (increasingly known as progressive talk) and sports talk. While talk radio has historically been associated with broadcast radio, starting around 2005 the technology for Internet-based talk-radio shows became cost effective in the form of live Internet website streaming and podcasts. Now, it is possible for an individual to use a variety of services to host an Internet-based talk-radio show without carriage by a traditional radio station. In addition, TV programming from talk and news outlets such as BBC, CNN, Bloomberg and Fox is now often available expanding the world of talk radio further. Talk radio listening is enjoyed not only on radios, but a wide variety of other devices and services including PCs using iTunes, station directories such as TuneIn, show directory smartphones with apps such as Stitcher and time-shifting services like DAR.fm.

Radio becomes a useful tool when the power goes out and when you have no other source for receiving information. But without the need of power outages, the radio can still become just another extension of the Propaganda Machine. Talk Radio is sometimes Propaganda Radio that becomes Just more wasted Technology. And it's not just talk radio, you have Radio Announcers slipping in their own brand of propaganda, like no one is going to notice that you are a manipulative scumbag, which is pretty sad and disturbing. We love the music that radio stations provide, but we all know about the influence that Music has on people, so some people are just using people's love for music as just another method of Propaganda. And music stations are mostly all Payola in one form or another, which is also pretty sad and disturbing. Too many Talk Radio people like Dave Rinelli on 800 radio is one example, uses propaganda style storytelling. Evil scumbag or just ignorant moron? I'm not trying to be disrespectable, only trying to point out just how damaging some of his words are, that's if you know how to accurately interpret what he is really saying, especially when the manipulative words are subtle and not so obvious. Another example of course is Rush Limbaugh, who is an ignorant moron, but at least he doesn't bother trying to hide that fact that he is an as*hole who doesn't give a f*ck about people, and these are not my words, these are his words. His Hate Speech is a False Flag Attack on anyone who listens to his B.S.. He incites violence and ignorance when he should be doing the opposite. He says he is a Terrorist and a Racist who wants people to believe that Vague labeling of people is somehow a good thing. But of course it's not all his fault. There are the scumbags who are paying these morons to be corrupt idiots. So I don't blame anyone or judge anyone because there are millions of people doing stupid things for money. So I'm sure these people are nice on some level, but which level? These guys are talented speakers, you should use your skills for good instead of using your skills for ignorant and criminal reasons. We are supposed to be educating people, we are not supposed to be making people ignorant and dysfunctional, because that just makes people vulnerable and powerless. The Freedom of Speech does not give you the right to slander someone, because someone can sue you for millions of dollars in a court of law. And the Freedom of Speech does not give you the right to corrupt the morals of children, or adults, because that is child abuse, which is a criminal offense. We even have laws against False Advertising and many other criminal offenses, including perjury and contempt. But you have the right to blow the whistle, just as long as you're not crying wolf or making a false police report

Inciting Violence and Hatred is illegal. This type of Hate Talk on TV and the Radio definitely influences other people to be ignorant, which can easily lead to criminal behaviors. And this is not just about inciting Physical Violence, but also Mental Abuse, which is another form of violence against another person. Incitement in criminal law is the encouragement of another person to commit a crime. Depending on the jurisdiction, some or all types of incitement may be illegal. Where illegal, it is known as an inchoate offense, where Harm is Intended but may or may not have actually occurred. A victim of hate speech may seek redress under civil law, criminal law, or both. A website that contains hate speech (online hate speech) may be called a hate site. Many of these sites contain Internet forums and news briefs that emphasize a particular viewpoint. Redress, Reparation, Restitution suggest making amends or giving compensation for a Wrong. Redress may refer either to the act of setting right an unjust situation or to satisfaction sought or gained for a wrong suffered. The Redress of Grievances. Instigator is someone who deliberately stirs up trouble. Enabler.

You have a right to criticize other peoples actions that are wrong, bad and unjust, but only as long as you are not lying about it or over exaggerating the facts. So we need to protect peoples right to protest without making the act of protesting a crime. Rules of Evidence.

Narrative and the News: The Permeation and Potential Propaganda of the Storytelling Style through Broadcast Media.

The U.N. estimates some 7.5 million words are spoken on Ugandan radio every day, across hundreds of stations. And still people in Uganda are ill-informed and uneducated about themselves and the realities of their country and their world.

Thank God for Digital Audio Broadcasting, AM and FM radio will die, and then we will have more radio stations to choose from.

The National Association for Amateur Radio (ARRL)

License Renewal Applications Radio Broadcast Stations. Radio Stations must Certify in Broadcast Applications that Their Advertising Contracts Do Not Discriminate (which they do), and that the radio Station serves the Public Interest as a Public Trustee, (which they mostly don't).

Songs about the Radio

Elvis Costello, Radio Radio (1979) (youtube) - Radio Radio (wiki) - Songs that were made about the Radio (wiki) - Rage Against the Machine - Guerrilla Radio (youtube) - Radio Ga Ga - Queen (youtube) - All we hear is radio ga ga, Radio goo goo, Radio blah blah.


Radio Technology


Radio is the technology of using radio waves to carry information, such as sound, by systematically modulating properties of electromagnetic energy waves transmitted through space, such as their amplitude, frequency, phase, or pulse width. When radio waves strike an electrical conductor, the oscillating fields induce an alternating current in the conductor. The information in the waves can be extracted and transformed back into its original form.

Electricity - Electro-Magnetics - Wireless Communication

Radio Signal Waves Radio Wave are a type of electromagnetic radiation with wavelengths in the electromagnetic spectrum longer than infrared light. Radio waves have frequencies as high as 300 GHz to as low as 3 kHz, though some definitions describe waves above 1 or 3 GHz as microwaves, or include waves of any lower frequency. At 300 GHz, the corresponding wavelength is 1 mm (0.039 in), and at 3 kHz is 100 km (62 mi). Like all other electromagnetic waves, they travel at the speed of light. Naturally occurring radio waves are generated by lightning, or by astronomical objects.

Radio Frequency is any of the electromagnetic wave frequencies that lie in the range extending from around 3 kHz to 300 GHz, which include those frequencies used for communications or radar signals. RF usually refers to electrical rather than mechanical oscillations. However, mechanical RF systems do exist. Acoustics.

Modulation modulation is the process of varying one or more properties of a periodic waveform, called the carrier signal, with a modulating signal that typically contains information to be transmitted. Most radio systems in the 20th century used frequency modulation (FM) or amplitude modulation (AM) for radio broadcast.

Amplitude Modulation is a modulation technique used in electronic communication, most commonly for transmitting information via a radio carrier wave. In amplitude modulation, the amplitude (signal strength) of the carrier wave is varied in proportion to that of the message signal being transmitted. The message signal is, for example, a function of the sound to be reproduced by a loudspeaker, or the light intensity of pixels of a television screen. This technique contrasts with frequency modulation, in which the frequency of the carrier signal is varied, and phase modulation, in which its phase is varied. Amplitude-Shift Keying is a form of amplitude modulation that represents digital data as variations in the amplitude of a carrier wave. Shift Register is a type of digital circuit using a cascade of flip flops where the output of one flip-flop is connected to the input of the next. They share a single clock signal, which causes the data stored in the system to shift from one location to the next. By connecting the last flip-flop back to the first, the data can cycle within the shifters for extended periods, and in this form they were used as a form of computer memory. Rolling Code is used in keyless entry systems to prevent replay attacks, where an eavesdropper records the transmission and replays it at a later time to cause the receiver to 'unlock'. Such systems are typical in garage door openers and keyless car entry systems.

Frequency Modulation is the encoding of information in a carrier wave by varying the instantaneous frequency of the wave. The term and technology is used in both telecommunications and signal processing. In analog frequency modulation, such as FM radio broadcasting of an audio signal representing voice or music, the instantaneous frequency deviation, the difference between the frequency of the carrier and its center frequency, is proportional to the modulating signal. Digital data can be encoded and transmitted via FM by shifting the carrier's frequency among a predefined set of frequencies representing digits – for example one frequency can represent a binary 1 and a second can represent binary 0. This modulation technique is known as frequency-shift keying (FSK). FSK is widely used in modems such as fax modems, and can also be used to send Morse code. Radioteletype also uses FSK. Frequency modulation is widely used for FM radio broadcasting. It is also used in telemetry, radar, seismic prospecting, and monitoring newborns for seizures via EEG, two-way radio systems, sound synthesis, magnetic tape-recording systems and some video-transmission systems. In radio transmission, an advantage of frequency modulation is that it has a larger signal-to-noise ratio and therefore rejects radio frequency interference better than an equal power amplitude modulation (AM) signal. For this reason, most music is broadcast over FM radio. Frequency modulation and phase modulation are the two complementary principal methods of angle modulation; phase modulation is often used as an intermediate step to achieve frequency modulation. These methods contrast with amplitude modulation, in which the amplitude of the carrier wave varies, while the frequency and phase remain constant.

Radio Spectrum is the part of the electromagnetic spectrum with frequencies from 3 Hz to 3000 GHz (3 THz). Electromagnetic waves in this frequency range, called radio waves, are extremely widely used in modern technology, particularly in telecommunication. To prevent interference between different users, the generation and transmission of radio waves is strictly regulated by national laws, coordinated by an international body, the International Telecommunication Union (ITU).

Ultra High Frequency is the ITU designation for radio frequencies in the range between 300 megahertz (MHz) and 3 gigahertz (GHz), also known as the decimetre band as the wavelengths range from one meter to one tenth of a meter (one decimeter). Radio waves with frequencies above the UHF band fall into the super-high frequency (SHF) or microwave frequency range. Lower frequency signals fall into the VHF (very high frequency) or lower bands. UHF radio waves propagate mainly by line of sight; they are blocked by hills and large buildings although the transmission through building walls is strong enough for indoor reception. They are used for television broadcasting, cell phones, satellite communication including GPS, personal radio services including Wi-Fi and Bluetooth, walkie-talkies, cordless phones, and numerous other applications. The IEEE defines the UHF radar band as frequencies between 300 MHz and 1 GHz. Two other IEEE radar bands overlap the ITU UHF band: the L band between 1 and 2 GHz and the S band between 2 and 4 GHz.

Broadband is a high-capacity transmission technique using a wide range of frequencies, which enables a large number of messages to be communicated simultaneously.

Radio Propagation is the behavior of radio waves as they travel, or are propagated, from one point to another, or into various parts of the atmosphere. As a form of electromagnetic radiation, like light waves, radio waves are affected by the phenomena of reflection, refraction, diffraction, absorption, polarization, and scattering.

Radio Window is the range of frequencies of electromagnetic radiation that the earth's atmosphere lets through from space. The wavelengths in the radio window run from about one centimetre to about eleven metres.

Near Field and Far Field are regions of the electromagnetic field or EM around an object, such as a transmitting antenna, or the result of radiation scattering off an object. Non-radiative 'near-field' behaviors dominate close to the antenna or scattering object, while electromagnetic radiation 'far-field' behaviors dominate at greater distances. Far-field E (electric) and B (magnetic) field strength decreases as the distance from the source increases, resulting in an inverse-square law for the radiated power intensity of electromagnetic radiation. By contrast, near-field E and B strength decrease more rapidly with distance: the radiative field decreases by the inverse-distance squared, the reactive field by an inverse cubed law, resulting in a diminished power in the parts of the electric field by an inverse fourth-power and sixth-power, respectively. The rapid drop in power contained in the near-field ensures that effects due to the near-field essentially vanish a few wavelengths away from the radiating part of the antenna.

Antenna for radio is the interface between radio waves propagating through space and electric currents moving in metal conductors, used with a transmitter or receiver. In transmission, a radio transmitter supplies an electric current to the antenna's terminals, and the antenna radiates the energy from the current as electromagnetic waves (radio waves). In reception, an antenna intercepts some of the power of a radio wave in order to produce an electric current at its terminals, that is applied to a receiver to be amplified. Antennas are essential components of all radio equipment. An antenna is an array of conductors (elements), electrically connected to the receiver or transmitter. Antennas can be designed to transmit and receive radio waves in all horizontal directions equally using an Omnidirectional Antenna, or receive radio waves from one particular direction using a Directional Antenna or high gain antenna. An antenna converts electric power into radio waves, and vice versa. An antenna may include parasitic elements, parabolic reflectors or horns, which serve to direct the radio waves into a beam or other desired radiation pattern. Cellular Network.

Transmitter is an electronic device which produces radio waves with an antenna. The transmitter itself generates a radio frequency alternating current, which is applied to the antenna. When excited by this alternating current, the antenna radiates radio waves. Transmitters are necessary component parts of all electronic devices that communicate by radio, such as radio and television broadcasting stations, cell phones, walkie-talkies, wireless computer networks, Bluetooth enabled devices, garage door openers, two-way radios in aircraft, ships, spacecraft, radar sets and navigational beacons. The term transmitter is usually limited to equipment that generates radio waves for communication purposes; or radiolocation, such as radar and navigational transmitters. Generators of radio waves for heating or industrial purposes, such as microwave ovens or diathermy equipment, are not usually called transmitters, even though they often have similar circuits. The term is popularly used more specifically to refer to a broadcast transmitter, a transmitter used in broadcasting, as in FM radio transmitter or television transmitter. This usage typically includes both the transmitter proper, the antenna, and often the building it is housed in.

Transmitting is the act of sending a message or causing a message to be transferred to another person or moved to another place or location.

Transmitter Power Output is the actual amount of power in watts of radio frequency energy that a transmitter produces at its output. The radio antenna's design "focuses" the signal toward the horizon, creating gain and increasing the ERP.

Signal Strength in Telecommunications refers to the transmitter power output as received by a reference antenna at a distance from the transmitting antenna. High-powered transmissions, such as those used in broadcasting, are expressed in dB-millivolts per metre (dBmV/m). For very low-power systems, such as mobile phones, signal strength is usually expressed in dB-microvolts per metre (dBµV/m) or in decibels above a reference level of one milliwatt (dBm). In broadcasting terminology, 1 mV/m is 1000 µV/m or 60 dBµ (often written dBu). 100 dBµ or 100 mV/m: blanketing interference may occur on some receivers. 60 dBµ or 1.0 mV/m: frequently considered the edge of a radio station's protected area in North America. 40 dBµ or 0.1 mV/m: the minimum strength at which a station can be received with acceptable quality on most receivers.

Radio Receiver is an electronic device that receives radio waves and converts the information carried by them to a usable form. It is used with an antenna. The antenna intercepts radio waves (electromagnetic waves) and converts them to tiny alternating currents which are applied to the receiver, and the receiver extracts the desired information. The receiver uses electronic filters to separate the desired radio frequency signal from all the other signals picked up by the antenna, an electronic amplifier to increase the power of the signal for further processing, and finally recovers the desired information through demodulation. The information produced by the receiver may be in the form of sound, images, or data. A radio receiver may be a separate piece of electronic equipment, or an electronic circuit within another device. Radio receivers are very widely used in modern technology, as components of communications, broadcasting, remote control, and wireless networking systems. In consumer electronics, the terms radio and radio receiver are often used specifically for receivers designed to reproduce sound transmitted by radio broadcasting stations, historically the first mass-market commercial radio application. Cell Communication.

Two-Way Radio is a radio that can both transmit and receive a signal (a transceiver), unlike a broadcast receiver which only receives content. It is an audio (sound) transceiver designed for bidirectional person-to-person voice communication with other users with similar radios using the same radio frequency (channel). Two-way radios are available in mobile, stationary base and hand-held portable configurations. Hand-held two-way radios are often called walkie-talkies, handie-talkies or hand-helds. Smartphones.

Transceiver is a device that is able to both transmit and receive information through a transmission medium. It is a combination of a transmitter and a receiver, hence the name transceiver. Transmission is usually accomplished via radio waves, but communications satellites, wired connections, and optical fiber systems can also be used. Radio frequency (RF) transceivers are widely used in wireless devices. For example, cell phones use them to connect to cellular networks. Other common examples include walkie-talkies and CB radios. By combining a receiver and transmitter in one consolidated device, a transceiver allows for greater flexibility than what either of these could provide individually. Despite the widespread use of transceivers, one common system that does not use them is FM radio. In FM radio, receiving and transmitting data are intentionally two separate jobs. Radio stations transmit music, news, and other data over analog radio wave signals (and, more recently, digital signals) and FM radios in homes and cars receive these signals for listeners to enjoy. This system restricts who is allowed to broadcast.

Tuner is a subsystem that receives radio frequency (RF) transmissions like radio broadcasts and converts the selected carrier frequency and its associated bandwidth into a fixed frequency that is suitable for further processing, usually because a lower frequency is used on the output.

How To Make A Crystal Radio - No Batteries, No External Power (youtube) - 1 x Germanium Crystal Diode (1N34A)(bought: Amazon, Radio Shack 276-1123, Digikey, Jameco, Mouser...) - 1 x Resistor (10k ohm)(bought: ditto)(see note below) - 1 x Crystal earphone (can NOT be other type)(bought: Amazon, Jaycar, Jameco?) MUST be like the type in the video. Regular iPod or similar will NOT work. Crystal Radio is a simple radio receiver, popular in the early days of radio. It uses only the power of the received radio signal to produce sound, needing no external power. It is named for its most important component, a crystal detector, which is an obsolete electronic component in some early 20th century radio receivers that used a piece of crystalline mineral as a detector (demodulator) to rectify the alternating current radio signal to extract the audio modulation which produced the sound in the earphones. It was the first type of semiconductor diode, and one of the first semiconductor electronic devices. Originally made from a piece of crystalline mineral such as galena. This component is now called a diode, which is a two-terminal electronic component that conducts current primarily in one direction (asymmetric conductance); it has low (ideally zero) resistance in one direction, and high (ideally infinite) resistance in the other.

Quantum Radio. Researchers have created a quantum circuit that enables them to listen to the weakest radio signal allowed by quantum mechanics. Worlds Smallest Radio.

Detector Radio is a device or circuit that extracts information from a modulated radio frequency current or voltage. The term dates from the first three decades of radio (1888-1918). Unlike modern radio stations which transmit sound (an audio signal) on an uninterrupted carrier wave, early radio stations transmitted information by radiotelegraphy. The transmitter was switched on and off to produce long or short periods of radio waves, spelling out text messages in Morse code. Therefore, early radio receivers had only to distinguish between the presence or absence of a radio signal. The device that performed this function in the receiver circuit was called a detector. A variety of different detector devices, such as the coherer, electrolytic detector, magnetic detector and the crystal detector were used during the wireless telegraphy era until superseded by vacuum tube technology.

Signal Generator is an electronic device that generates repeating or non-repeating electronic signals in either the analog or the digital domain. It is generally used in designing, testing, troubleshooting, and repairing electronic or electroacoustic devices, though it often has artistic uses as well.

Digital Pattern Generator is a piece of electronic test equipment or software used to generate digital electronics stimuli. Digital electronics stimuli are a specific kind of electrical waveform varying between two conventional voltages that correspond to two logic states ("low state" and "high state", "0" and "1"). The main purpose of a digital pattern generator is to stimulate the inputs of a digital electronic device. For that reason, the voltage levels generated by a digital pattern generator are often compatible with digital electronics I/O standards – TTL, LVTTL, LVCMOS and LVDS, for instance.

How to make any Frequency Generator a Rife Machine
RF Radio Frequency Signal Generator

Pentagrid Converter is a type of radio receiving valve (vacuum tube) with five grids used as the frequency mixer stage of a superheterodyne radio receiver. The pentagrid was part of a line of development of valves that were able to take an incoming RF signal and change its frequency to a fixed intermediate frequency, which was then amplified and detected in the remainder of the receiver circuitry. The device was generically referred to as a frequency changer or just mixer.

Radio Data System embedding small amounts of digital information in conventional FM radio broadcasts.

Architecture of Radio

ISM Radio Band are portions of the radio spectrum reserved internationally for industrial, scientific and medical (ISM) purposes other than telecommunications. Examples of applications for the use of radio frequency (RF) energy in these bands include radio-frequency process heating, microwave ovens, and medical diathermy machines. The powerful emissions of these devices can create electromagnetic interference and disrupt radio communication using the same frequency, so these devices are limited to certain bands of frequencies. In general, communications equipment operating in these bands must tolerate any interference generated by ISM applications, and users have no regulatory protection from ISM device operation. Despite the intent of the original allocations, in recent years the fastest-growing use of these bands has been for short-range, low power wireless communications systems, since these bands are often approved for such devices which can be used without a government license, as would otherwise be required for transmitters; ISM frequencies are often chosen for this purpose as they already have interference issues. Cordless phones, Bluetooth devices, near field communication (NFC) devices, garage door openers, baby monitors and wireless computer networks (Wi-Fi) may all use the ISM frequencies, although these low power transmitters are not considered to be ISM devices.

Listening to the Radio with a Blade of Grass (youtube)

Communications Act of 1934 (wiki) - Federal Communications Commission FCC (wiki)

FCC was created to regulate interstate communications by radio, television, wire, satellite, and cable in all 50 states, the District of Columbia and U.S. territories. The FCC works towards six goals in the areas of broadband, competition, the spectrum, the media, public safety and homeland security. The Commission is also in the process of modernizing itself. But of course the FCC is manipulated by corporate evil doers, just like the EPA and the FDA is. Another reason to improve education. Censorship.

Broadband: All Americans should have affordable access to robust and reliable broadband products and services. Regulatory policies must promote technological neutrality, competition, investment, and innovation to ensure that broadband service providers have sufficient incentives to develop and offer such products and services.

Competition: Competition in the provision of communication services, both domestically and overseas, supports the Nation's economy. The competitive framework for communications services should foster innovation and offer consumers reliable, meaningful choice in affordable services.

Spectrum: Efficient and effective use of non-federal spectrum domestically and internationally promotes the growth and rapid development of innovative and efficient communication technologies and services.

Media: The Nation's media regulations must promote competition and diversity and facilitate the transition to digital modes of delivery." Public Safety and Homeland Security.

Sustaining Program is a radio or television program that, despite airing on a commercial broadcast station, does not have commercial sponsorship or advertising. This term, mostly used in the United States, was common in the early days of radio, but has become unfamiliar, due to the nearly universal use of commercial advertising on radio and television.

"Communications during emergencies and crisis must be available for public safety, health, defense, and emergency personnel, as well as all consumers in need. The Nation's critical communications infrastructure must be reliable, interoperable, redundant, and rapidly restorable."

Low-Power Broadcasting refers to a broadcast station operating at a low electrical power to a smaller service area than "full power" stations within the same region, but often distinguished from "micropower broadcasting" (more commonly "microbroadcasting") and broadcast translators. LPFM, LPAM and LPTV are in various levels of use across the world, varying widely based on the laws and their enforcement.

Low Power FM Radio. The FCC has a special class of radio licenses called Low Power FM Radio (LPFM) to create opportunities for new voices to be heard on the radio. The LPFM radio service consists of 100-watt stations which reach an area with a radius of approximately three and one-half miles. Who is eligible for LPFM licenses? To qualify for an LPFM license, you must be: A government or non-profit educational institution, like a public or private school or state or private university. A non-profit organization, association or entity with an educational purpose, like a community group, public service or public health organization, disability service provider or faith-based organization. A government or non-profit entity providing local public safety or transportation service, like a volunteer fire department, local government or state transportation authority. Radio Survivor. Low-power FM stations can typically be heard for about three and a half miles if a bigger station or obstacle does not block the signal. Of the nearly 2,500 low-power stations in some stage of licensing, construction or active broadcast across the nation, more than 850 have a license holder with a religious affiliation. Washington has the second-highest concentration of them among the nation’s 15 most populous states, with 68 stations for 7.4 million people, according to the Federal Communications Commission, second only to Florida. New York, by contrast, has 54 stations, but nearly three times Washington’s population. Oregon — while not among the 15 most populous states, with 4.1 million people — is even more saturated than Washington and Florida; it has 80 low-power stations, most in rural areas. Prometheus Radio.

Atomic Radio for AM and FM radio communication using a laser to detect the effect of radio waves on certain atoms is the basis for a new kind of antenna that resists interference and can receive a wider range of signals.

Radar is an object-detection system that uses radio waves to determine the range, angle, or velocity of objects. It can be used to detect aircraft, ships, spacecraft, guided missiles, motor vehicles, weather formations, and terrain. A radar system consists of a transmitter producing electromagnetic waves in the radio or microwaves domain, a transmitting antenna, a receiving antenna (often the same antenna is used for transmitting and receiving) and a receiver and processor to determine properties of the object(s). Radio waves (pulsed or continuous) from the transmitter reflect off the object and return to the receiver, giving information about the object's location and speed. Lidar.



News Papers


The News Paper in Danbury Connecticut is mostly a waste of paper. Even the online version of the news times is pathetic. They use to allow comments on their website, but when the comments exposed propaganda or bullshit, they removed all the comment sections and commenting features, no surprise there. When the comments provide more information than the news itself, you're news reporting is pretty pathetic. In 2014 I saw that the News Times allowed comments again, but for how long and does it matter? As of in 2020, the news times is still garbage, online and in print. This is not to say that the News-Times is all bad or totally worthless, because there are some useful functions, it's just that there is too much BS. It's totally disrespectful to put marketing adds on peoples obituaries. I wonder who the moron was who thought that was a good idea? The News-Times should be a service to the community, not an embarrassment.

Why can't we have a Newspaper with just Facts and Information? Why are we paying for disinformation and propaganda?

"One of the concerns I have with some of the print media is that it's almost all comment, which is always partial and is always partisan. in that respect, I don't know if you could call them newspapers anymore — they're perhaps comment papers." (Anne Begg)

Moderation System is the method the webmaster chooses to sort contributions that are irrelevant, obscene, illegal, or insulting with regards to useful or informative contributions. Censor - Filter - Comment Sections.

How to Write an Opinion Essay (ehow)

Newspaper that Repels Mosquitoes, finally a newspaper that is not totally useless. Citronella Oil. Now they just need to make newspapers out of toilet paper.

"I don't do a lot of commenting on other websites, but I do share my opinion, mostly in a centralized area called a personal website, where I have more control over it's use and more control over updating the opinion when I acquire more information and knowledge about the subject. A website is a folder on the internet and the URL or Uniform Resource Locator is the name of the folder. And that's one of the reasons why I'm organizing the Internet".

Be specific and particular with your message, avoid speaking general about things, especially things that are undefined and unidentified.

Specific is stated explicitly or in detail. A fact about some part, as opposed to general Specific (wiki) - Specificity (wiki).

Particular is a unique or specific to a person or thing or category. Providing specific details or circumstances. Particular is defined as concrete, spatiotemporal entities as opposed to abstract entities, such as properties or numbers. Writing Tips.

General is not specialized or limited to one class of things.

Undefined
is not precisely limited, determined, or distinguished.

Unidentified
is being or having an unknown or unnamed source, Not yet identified.

Byline on a newspaper or magazine article gives the date, as well as the name of the writer of the article. Bylines are traditionally placed between the headline and the text of the article, although some magazines (notably Reader's Digest) place bylines at the bottom of the page to leave more room for graphical elements around the headline. The dictionary defines a byline as "a printed line of text accompanying a news story, article, or the like, giving the author's name.



Television


Television is a telecommunication medium used for transmitting moving images in monochrome (black-and-white), or in color, and in two or three dimensions and sound. It can refer to a television set, a television program ("TV show"), or the medium of television transmission. Drama - Popular TV Shows.

Video is an electronic medium for the recording, copying, playback, broadcasting, and display of moving visual media. Video was first developed for mechanical television systems, which were quickly replaced by cathode ray tube (CRT) systems which were later replaced by flat panel displays of several types. Video systems vary in display resolution, aspect ratio, refresh rate, frame rate, color capabilities and other qualities. Analog and digital variants exist and can be carried on a variety of media, including radio broadcast, magnetic tape, optical discs, computer files, and network streaming.

Media Control Symbols the user interface of media may include media controls or player controls, to enact and change or adjust the process of watching film or listening to audio. These widely known symbols can be found in a multitude of software products, exemplifying what is known as dominant design.

History of Television (wiki) - How does a TV work? - Television works how?

Television Program is a segment of content intended for broadcast. Targeted. (more channels, but just more of the same).

Broadcast Programming is the practice of organizing and/or ordering of broadcast media programs (Internet, television, radio, etc. ) in a daily, weekly, monthly, quarterly or season-long schedule. "Why do you think that they call it TV Programming? They are actually telling you what they're doing to you. But people don't have enough knowledge and skills to understand how watching TV can do to them physically and mentally." List of TV Program Types (wiki).

Episode is a coherent narrative unit within a larger dramatic work such as a film or television series.

TV Pilot is a standalone episode of a television series that is used to sell the show to a television network. At the time of its creation, the pilot is meant to be the testing ground to gauge whether a series will be successful. It is, therefore, a test episode for the intended television series, an early step in the series development, much like pilot studies serve as precursors to the start of larger activity. Test Run is a small number of episodes that air as a short-run series with the potential to go into full production if successful. This is particularly common among shows that are intended to be stripped (airing five days a week). Backdoor Pilot is a film or miniseries that serves as a proof of concept for a full series, but may be broadcast on its own even if the full series is not picked up. The term may also be used for an episode of a currently running show that serves to introduce a spin-off. Such backdoor pilots commonly focus on an existing character or characters from the parent series who are to be given their own show.

Entertainment is a form of activity that holds the attention and interest of an audience, or gives pleasure and delight. It can be an idea or a task, but is more likely to be one of the activities or events that have developed over thousands of years specifically for the purpose of keeping an audience's attention.


Bad Effects from Bad TV Programming


BAD TV Aka The Boob Tube, The Idiot Box, Garbage in Garbage out. The same shit, just a different channel. What people see coming out of the TV is an unhealthy balance of TV programs and mind numbing TV shows. This is one of the reasons why so many people suffer from imbalances in the mind. And some of these mental imbalances that people experience can be very subtle and hardly noticeable. If you saw children being abused, you would call the police or try to stop the abuse yourself. So why is TV getting away with these abuses right in front of our eyes? If you want to mold the minds of TV viewers, you have to dumb down education. Because educated people have an easier time noticing the bullshit and seeing the corruption. In order for society to protect themselves from the abusive programming that comes from our media sources, as well as from our education institutions, TV will have to be combined with the internet so that it's a functional tool for finding information and not just for entertainment purposes. People have made smart TV's, but these TV's are not smart enough or even functional enough. It's like they have dumbed down smart TV's and not just people. Society needs to develop a real smart TV that is fully functional. But first we have to educate students to be fully functional as well. TV and other technologies are great inventions, but it's how we use our technologies that can end up doing more harm than good. So this not just about TV. This also includes computers and tablets and mobile devices like smartphones. Children under 30 months cannot learn as well from television and videos as they can from human interaction. Hands-on activities are important for the development of sensorimotor and visual-motor skills. Researchers at Boston University School of Medicine found that use of interactive screen time under 30 months could also impair a child’s development of the skills needed for math and science. So parents are encouraged to increase “direct human to human interaction” with their offspring. There is evidence that well-researched early-learning television programs, such as Sesame Street, and electronic books and learn-to-read applications on mobile devices can help vocabulary and reading comprehension, but only when children are much closer to school age. This human interface needs highly educated people in order to operate effectively and efficiently. We can not ignore the fact that we need to improve education. It's time for us to grow up now.

How the News distorts Information - Distractions - False Advertising

Would you let Strangers have Private Conversations with Your Kids without you fully understanding what was said? Well that's what you're doing when you let your kids watch TV. You are an idiot if you let total strangers hang out with your kids. Viewer beware, the ratings are not accurate. You never see the actual puppet masters. When TV is your imaginary friend, you will never truly live in reality. Child Development - Passive Indoctrination - Drama

TV News is mostly for 2 year olds who like to have someone to read to them. If you can read on your own, then why would you have someone read to you, especially when the other person reads to you what they want to read not what you want to read? You are not learning what you need to know and you have very little control. You can turn the page or change the channel, but it's still the same old story. People need to start acting like adults and start reading on their own and start learning on their own. It's time for the public to grow up and take responsibility for their lives. You're not a baby anymore, so you need to act your age. You are about to take the first real step in your life. That first step towards freedom. A freedom that you never knew existed. True power. We are all Intelligent Humans Beings, so it's time that we all to start acting like Intelligent Humans Beings. This is who we are by birth. But the world that we are living in now is not who we are.

They don't call TV "Programming" for nothing. TV Lobotomy is a real condition that is happening. No surgery needed.

Flicker Rate - Hypnotic Effects of Television.

Pediatricians say that TV is not healthy for kids under two. A child's brain develops rapidly during these first years, and young children learn best by interacting with people, not screens.

Internet has the most valuable knowledge and information in the world but it too is infected by the same cancerous people who made TV so incredible awful and destructive. So tell your children to be extremely careful online or on the internet because dangers also lurk their. The nightmare videos of children's YouTube — and what's wrong with the internet today: James Bridle (video and text) - Knowledge is your best Defense.

AAP recommends that parents establish "Screen Free Zones" at home by making sure there are no televisions, computers or video games in children's bedrooms, and by turning off the TV during dinner. Children 2 and over should engage with entertainment media for no more than one or two hours per day, and that should be high-quality content. It is important for kids to spend time on outdoor play, reading, hobbies, and using their imaginations in freeplay.

Effects of TV on Infants and Toddlers

Dangers of Television - The Center on Media and Child Health

Technology Addiction - Digital Detox - Sitting to Long

Child Development Information - Media and Children

Small Talk: Electronic Media Keeping Kids from Communicating with Parents

Emotional Disturbance - Habituation - Marketing

iBrain: Surviving the Technological Alteration of the Modern Mind (amazon)

Turn off your TV - TV Addiction - TV Sensory Confusion - Cognitive Dissonance

Peter Finch in the Movie called Network (1976): Mind Control Speech (youtube) - Director: Sidney Lumet

Is Technology Scrambling my Baby's Brain?

Child Development Media - Raising Media Healthy Children - Future of Children

"TV is a random sh*t storm, kind of like human thoughts. What if the laws of nature where random? One moment you have air then no air, one moment there's gravity and then no gravity and the back again, one moment it's light then all of a sudden it's dark, you could not live like that, yet people still watch TV, what the f*ck is wrong with that? Is it just the Lack of Knowledge?"


Side Effects from Watching Too Much TV


The main reason why Entertainment is so popular is because it makes people feel good. But feeling good has its dangers, just like any drug or addiction. If feeling good distracts you from learning you will eventually cause harm to yourself and others. Balance

The more you watch TV the less aware you will become, mostly because what they display on TV is mostly false, so your sense of reality becomes warped and Delusional. TV is not a learning tool, but it can be. We have to teach children that there is more to life then what they see on TV, and that TV is a false sense of reality. There is more to what you read, hear, see, touch and feel, so we have to teach more. 

Dream Sequence is a technique used in storytelling, particularly in television and film, to set apart a brief interlude from the main story. The interlude may consist of a flashback, a flashforward, a fantasy, a vision, a dream, or some other element.

TV is the most damaging thing in society, besides our defective education system.  "Electronic Baby Sitter".

Addicted to a self diluted fantasy's within a distorted reality, making you passive and unaware of reality. And they give you an on and off button to fool you into believing that you're in control. Being entertained with depictions of a distorted reality, pretending to be apart of it just to feel alive. TV is like friendship, but its having an imaginary friend. It's not real so what is it? Even a live broadcast can be manipulated, what you see and hear depends on the camera angle, camera view and sound.

TV transmits on many levels and Wavelengths, and people have no idea of the effects. Our brain vibrates at the same frequency of the earth, and TV disrupts that connection with our earth. TV signals create an addiction, that's why people have withdrawal symptoms when that don't have their TV. Why do our brain waves go from Beta to Theta when watching TV? Low-alpha

TV plays on our instinctual reactions to movement and sound, grabbing your attention but not conveying any useful information. All those camera angles, quick scene changes, zooms, panning, all camera tricks to keep your attention, a hypnotic
effect and sometimes causing motion sickness.

TV cause you to have shorter attention span, less patience with people, less tolerant of unstructured time, and you become less creative in problem solving.

Biological Orientating Response
Novel Stimulus
Self-Perpetuating Properties of Dysphoric Rumination

An hour of TV can shorten your life by 22 minutes. The same effect as smoking two cigarettes. The problem is not actually TV itself but the lack of activity. 15 minutes of fitness a day can add 3 years to your life.

School of Population Health

Why do politicians look and sound like they are aliens from another planet, is that why the The Manchurian Candidate and They Live are popular movies? There was a few more movies like this?

Into Now App is a good idea if it had an educational objective. Technology should always have a learning objective.

Does Editing and Censorship Help

The More You Know?

"A TV resembles electrons only from the surface. So unless you have a very good actor, you are pretty much only seeing the surface of things and not all the different layers of information below it that are sometimes more important then the surface."
Philo Farnsworth

Sharing TV Broadcasting Channels

Kids are spending more time in front of screens may be inhibiting their ability to recognize emotions.

Fictional Characters are not real examples of People, you have to know the difference between a real person and an Actor.

Lists of Fictional Characters (wiki)

Acting - Two Faced - Celebrity - People Smart

Why are people so Engrossed with stories about Human Tragedies?

Everyday Psychology - Media Greed?

Why are people so Fascinated with Violent Crimes and Murders? Is it a play on people's Fears?

Empathy - Distractions - Fear Mongering - Violence on TV - TSA

Desensitization is defined as the diminished emotional responsiveness to a negative or aversive stimulus after repeated exposure to it.

Emotional Transmission is the phenomenon of having one person's emotions and related behaviors directly trigger similar emotions and behaviors in other people.


The Illusion of Standards


Standards and Practices is the department at a television network which is responsible for the moral, ethical, and legal implications of the program that network airs. Standards and practices also ensures fairness on televised game shows, in which they are the adjunct to the judges at the production company level. Parents Television Council.

Nielsen Ratings (warnings?) - Rated PG stands for Please Grow-up.

Someday we will all look back and laugh about how incredibly ignorant TV was back then. How could we have wasted this technology and used it against ourselves in such a degrading way? How could we allow activities like Sports to be Commercialized and demoralized? Romans did this with gladiators, but that was over 2000 years ago, are we still this stupid?

Audience is a group of people who participate in a show or encounter a work of art, literature (in which they are called "readers"), theatre, music (in which they are called "listeners"), video games (in which they are called "players"), or academics in any medium. Audience members participate in different ways in different kinds of art; some events invite overt audience participation and others allowing only modest clapping and criticism and reception.

TV Format is the overall concept and branding of a copyrighted television program. The most common type of formats are those in the television genres of game shows and reality shows, many of which are remade in multiple markets with local contestants.

It's not the TV that is defective, because TV is a great technological advancement, it's what comes out of the TV that is defective, And just being able to change the channel does not mean that you are in control, it only means you have more then one way to waste your time. The only control that you have is on the Internet, as long as you are skilled enough search the net.

"TV Party" Black Flag Video (youtube)

I was Fortunate to have a Few Good TV shows growing up in the 60's and 70's, shows that showed good examples human behavior and showed good ways to react to life and react to other peoples bad behavior. These shows had some good examples of how humans should act and showed how to process certain information. And when you had very little good examples in real life and had no good examples of healthy relationships, these TV shows became important. But as time went on, TV shows became worse and worse, which gave children very little good examples of human behavior and very little good examples of human intelligence. This was extremely damaging to millions of people. And now ignorance is an epidemic and the single greatest threat to humanity and life on our planet. TV Shows I liked in the 60's: The Andy Griffith Show, Father Knows Best, Leave It to Beaver, My Three Sons, Star Trek, Lost in Space, Ironside, Flipper, The Flying Nun, The Courtship of Eddie's Father. TV Shows I liked in the 70's: The Waltons, Happy Days , The Partridge Family , Mary Tyler Moore Kung Fu, The Bionic Woman.

Little Rascals' Greatest Hits - Part 1 (youtube)

Our Gang or also known as The Little Rascals, was a series of American comedy short films about a group of poor neighborhood children and their adventures. Created by comedy producer Hal Roach, the series was produced from 1922 to 1944 and is noted for showing children behaving in a relatively natural way, relatively?

Best of Foghorn Leghorn (youtube)

The Biggest Looney Tunes Compilation: Bugs Bunny, Daffy Duck and more! (youtube)

"Most people live in a box where they spend most of their time looking at another box. Thinking Outside the Box is just as important as living outside the box". (Howard Polley)

Television is one of our most valuable technological advancements, but sadly we use TV mostly for entertainment purposes. We act like 2 year olds with a new toy, amused by the nice colors and sound, never realizing the true potential of TV to transmit vital information. Instead of TV making us smarter TV is making us dumber, and most people don't even know it. Balance.


Most Popular TV Shows


Most of these shows are pathetic and sad, what does this say about people, and where are the good shows? Popularity is not an accurate measurement of value or reality.

Most Watched Television Broadcasts in the US (wiki) - Image of List (image)

Most watched Television Broadcasts (wiki)

Top 50 TV Shows (2014-2015) highest rated winners and losers
Nielsen Top 10's
How many useless TV Shows do we need anyway?
TV Guide Covers in the 1960's (wiki)
Opening Songs from Old TV Shows
Buy Old TV Shows on Amazon 

Talk Shows - Talk Show is a television programming or radio programming genre in which one person (or group of people) discusses various topics put forth by a talk show host. Usually, guests consist of a group of people who are learned (such as current affairs experts or pundits) or who have experience with whatever issue is being discussed on the show for that episode. Other times, a single guest such as a celebrity or expert discusses their work or area of expertise with a host or co-hosts. A call-in show takes live phone calls from callers listening at home, in their cars, in their gardens, etc. Sometimes, guests are already seated but are often introduced and enter from backstage. There have been many notable talk show hosts; in many cases, the shows have made their hosts famous.

Talk Show Hosts (wiki) - American TV Talk Show Hosts (wiki)

Too many talk shows are not saying anything relevant or valuable. Most people on talk shows are just reading from a script that is prewritten and mostly vague.


Drama


Drama is a dramatic work intended for performance by actors on a stage or theater. An episode that is turbulent or highly emotional or exaggerated. The specific mode of fiction represented in performance.

Dramatic is something sensational in appearance or thrilling in effect.

Dramatization is the melodramatic reenactment of an actual event in a play or film. (usually distorting the truth).

Melodrama is a dramatic or literary work in which the plot, which is typically sensational and designed to appeal strongly to the emotions, takes precedence over detailed characterization. Characters are often simply drawn, and may appear stereotyped.

Make American TV Great Again Drama should only be used for entertainment, drama should never be used as a method for distorting reality. We have too much drama in our media. There's too Much Drama and Not Enough Dharma. We don't want to suppress creative expression on TV. We just need to control the amount of Bad TV that is forced on the average TV viewer, especially a TV viewer who does not have the ability to understand the Psychological Effects of TV or control the amount of TV time that someone should have. Why does everything have to be a Soap Opera? Politics you see on TV is like watching an irritating theater performance or a horrible soap opera, and you keep asking yourself, why is this crappy show still on? They need to cancel that show. It's embarrassing to see such garbage being transmitted from America. This show Fox News makes America look bad. We need a new slogan. Make TV Great Again! The Color of the Hat will be Blue of course.

Drama is Not Reality. Yet Drama dominates the media, even libraries have too much drama material. Drama is feeding peoples ignorance. Drama is our emotions, drama is not what life is. Drama doesn't happen to you, you actually create the drama by reacting to situations emotionally. I don't mind actors being dramatic, but not people. People are not actors and life is not a freaking soap opera. But your ignorance has lead you to believe that drama is normal or natural, well it's not. Emotions are normal or natural. But when you use your emotions as an excuse for being an as*hole, you are not living in reality, and people have the right not to be victimized by your ignorance. Our gift of communication should not be taken for granted, or misused or abused. We should not allow people to take one of the best things that humans have and turn it to sh*t with stupid drama, enough is enough. I'm not saying to burn the DVD's and books, I want them to be saved because all those books and shows will make great examples of our stupidity for future generations to look back at and laugh about how stupid we were, even though we were still very creative and still made some advancements, except for education of course, which was one of the main sources of our ignorance.

Psychodrama is a play, movie, or novel in which psychological elements are the main interest. Psychodrama is an action method, often used as a psychotherapy, in which clients use spontaneous dramatization, role playing, and dramatic self-presentation to investigate and gain insight into their lives. A form of psychotherapy in which patients act out events from their past.

Dramatic Convention are the specific actions and techniques the actor, writer or director has employed to create a desired dramatic effect/style. A dramatic convention is a set of rules which both the audience and actors are familiar with and which act as a useful way of quickly signifying the nature of the action or of a character. All forms of theatre have dramatic conventions, some of which may be unique to that particular form, such as the poses used by actors in Japanese kabuki theatre to establish a character, or the stock character of the black-cloaked, moustache twirling villain in early cinema melodrama serials. It can also include an implausible facet of a performance required by the technical limitations or artistic nature of a production and which is accepted by the audience as part of suspension of disbelief. For example, a dramatic convention in Shakespeare is that a character can move downstage to deliver a soliloquy which cannot be heard by the other characters on stage nor are characters in a musical surprised by another character bursting into song. One more example would be how the audience accepts the passage of time during a play or how music will play during a romantic scene. Dramatic conventions may be categorized into groups, such as rehearsal, technical or theatrical. Rehearsal conventions can include hot seating, role on the wall and still images. Technical conventions can include lighting, dialogue, monologue, set, costuming and entrances/exits. Theatrical conventions may include split focus, flashback/flashforward, narration, soliloquy and spoken thought.

People are not addicted to astonishment or Drama? Being surprised is not learning, or does it encourage you to learn.

Soap Opera is a serial drama on television or radio that examines the lives of many characters, usually focusing on emotional relationships to the point of melodrama. The term soap opera originated from such dramas being typically sponsored by soap manufacturers in the past. Soap Operas List (wiki) - List of Longest serving Soap Opera Actors (wiki).

My Soap Opera Name Ideas - "The Phases of Our Lives" and  "The Nightmares of Our Lives".

Drama (film styles)

Radio Drama is a dramatized, purely acoustic performance. With no visual component, radio drama depends on dialogue, music and sound effects to help the listener imagine the characters and story: "It is auditory in the physical dimension but equally powerful as a visual force in the psychological dimension." Radio drama includes plays specifically written for radio, docudrama, dramatized works of fiction, as well as plays originally written for the theatre, including musical theatre, and opera. Radio drama achieved widespread popularity within a decade of its initial development in the 1920s. By the 1940s, it was a leading international popular entertainment. With the advent of television in the 1950s radio drama began losing its audience. However, it remains popular in much of the world. Recordings of OTR or old-time radio survive today in the audio archives of collectors, libraries and museums, as well as several online sites such as Internet Archive. By the 21st century, radio drama had a minimal presence on terrestrial radio in the United States, with much American radio drama being restricted to rebroadcasts of programmes from previous decades. However, other nations still have thriving traditions of radio drama. In the United Kingdom, for example, the BBC produces and broadcasts hundreds of new radio plays each year on Radio 3, Radio 4, and Radio 4 Extra. Like the US, Australia ABC has abandoned broadcasting drama but in New Zealand RNZ continues to promote and broadcast a variety of drama over its airwaves. Thanks to advances in digital recording and Internet distribution, radio drama experienced a revival around 2010. Podcasting offered the means of inexpensively creating new radio dramas, in addition to the distribution of vintage programs. The terms "audio drama" or "audio theatre" are sometimes used synonymously with "radio drama"; however, audio drama or audio theatre may not necessarily be intended specifically for broadcast on radio. Audio drama can also be found on CDs, cassette tapes, podcasts, webcasts as well as broadcast radio.

Drama Wars. New show where friends compete against each other about who has the most drama in their lives. A group of friends always meet up some place and talk about the crazy things happening in their life. Then they vote on who has the most drama in their life that week, and the winner gets to drink or eat for free, or choose some crazy activity that will make them forget about the drama in their life.


Comedies


Comedy Film is a category of film in which the main emphasis is on humor. These films are designed to make the audience laugh through amusement and most often work by exaggerating characteristics for humorous effect. Films in this style traditionally have a happy ending (black comedy being an exception). One of the oldest genres in film—and derived from the classical comedy in theatre—some of the earliest silent movies were comedies, as slapstick comedy often relies on visual depictions, without requiring sound. When sound films became more prevalent during the 1920s, comedy films took another swing, as laughter could result from burlesque situations but also dialogue.

Situation Comedy or Sitcom is a television or radio series in which the same set of characters are involved in various amusing situations. Sitcom is a genre of comedy centered on a fixed set of characters who (mostly) carry over from episode to episode. Sitcoms can be contrasted with sketch comedy, where a troupe may use new characters in each sketch, and stand-up comedy, where a comedian tells jokes and stories to an audience. Sitcoms originated in radio, but today are found mostly on television as one of its dominant narrative forms. A situational comedy television programme may be recorded in front of a studio audience, depending on the programme's production format. The effect of a live studio audience can be imitated or enhanced by the use of a laugh track. Critics disagree over the utility of the term "sitcom" in classifying shows that have come into existence since the turn of the century. Many contemporary American sitcoms use the single-camera setup and do not feature a laugh track, thus often resembling the dramedy shows of the 1980s and 1990s rather than the traditional sitcom.

When it comes to sitcoms and comedies, though it is sometimes funny to make fun of peoples ignorance and bad behavior you have to be aware that it sometimes encourages bad behavior and makes people believe that ignorance is normal and acceptable, which it is not. If a TV show wins an emmy award, and that TV show clearly is an example of making fun of peoples ignorance and bad behavior, how could you award something like that? You can't say that everyone gets the joke?

How many more Comedies do we need? - List of Comedies.

So why do we Laugh? More bad examples to learn from. If you are to call yourself a school, then this is your duty, learn from these bad examples, or you will parish from its results. If they can land a man on the moon why can't they make responsible animated cartoons? And why can't we have game shows that are actually educational with knowledge and information we use in everyday life?

Romantic Comedy is a subgenre of comedy and slice-of-life fiction, focusing on lighthearted, humorous plot lines centered on romantic ideas, such as how true love is able to surmount most obstacles. One dictionary definition is "a funny movie, play, or television program about a love story that ends happily". Another definition suggests that its "primary distinguishing feature is a love plot in which two sympathetic and well-matched lovers are united or reconciled". Romantic comedy films are a certain genre of comedy films as well as of romance films, and may also have elements of screwball comedies. However, a romantic comedy is classified as a film with two genres, not a single new genre. Some television series can also be classified as romantic comedies. In a typical romantic comedy the two lovers tend to be young, likeable, and seemingly meant for each other, yet they are kept apart by some complicating circumstance (e.g., class differences, parental interference, a previous girlfriend or boyfriend) until, surmounting all obstacles, they are finally reunited. A fairy-tale-style happy ending is a typical feature.


Movies - Films - Motion Pictures


Film is a series of still images which, when shown on a screen, creates the illusion of moving images due to the phi phenomenon. This optical illusion causes the audience to perceive continuous motion between separate objects viewed rapidly in succession. The process of filmmaking is both an art and an industry. A film is created by photographing actual scenes with a motion picture camera; by photographing drawings or miniature models using traditional animation techniques; by means of CGI and computer animation; or by a combination of some or all of these techniques and other visual effects. (Film is also called a movie, motion picture, theatrical film or photoplay).

Filming Styles - Ratings - Horror..the horror, the horror...

Movies help bring Stories to Life. Watching a movie is like someone telling you an amazing story, except this story is acted out with amazing special effects, including sound, music, props, creative tools and imagery. Sometimes a movie could cost millions of dollars, and take 100's of people to make. And these people have amazing skills, knowledge, technology tools and Props, all to tell you a story in about 2 hours of your time. No wonder people love movies. If you consider all the human potential used to make a movie, the actual cost is billions of dollars, and most all movies are for entertainment purposes which is totally insane.

Hollywood Films or movies in general are a fantastic way to bring our experiences and our imaginations to life, while at the same time sharing them with millions of people. The combination of music, images and acting provides an incredible experience that can have a profound effect on its viewers. Movies can give you a glimpse into some of life's experiences that you would have never had a chance to experience yourself. Though movies are not always accurate, they still provide incredible imagery that can spark a persons imagination in ways that are almost impossible to experience in real life. But sadly movies are mostly entertainment and not so much educational unless you learn how to Deconstruct them into lessons and useful information. Hollywood Films can also be used as propaganda, which is talked about in a documentary called Hollywood and the War Machine

Wag the Dog (1997 black comedy) - War - Horror - Drones

You have to understand that Politicians, Actors and Newscasters have some things in common, with one being is that they all make a lot of money reading from Scripts, scripts that are sometimes written by the same people, or the same kind of people. So the people who are influencing the writing of these scripts, and also controlling the amount that is being Broadcasted, are the real people in power. And these are people you don't even know, so it's impossible to verify their intentions, their competence, or their Sanity. This is why you have to analyze all media very carefully because the Manipulations can be so subtle over time that you wont even notice that your perception of the world, and yourself, is being manipulated, unless you are completely aware, very knowledgeable, and know the difference between information and misinformation. Otherwise you will never wake up and be aware, and you will never figure out who in the hell is writing these scripts in the first place, and forcing these ideologies on society? Who ever it is, we definitely know that they're human, because only a human can be that stupid and believe that manipulating minds is somehow a good idea. But the bright side is, and yes there is a bright side, this is a human error, and human errors can be corrected. Yes, millions of people were killed, billions of people suffered, and a tremendous amount of land and water has been poisoned. But we have learned a lot from those tragedies, so all is not lost. Our mistakes are now our past, and the knowledge gained from our mistakes is now our future. Only the scripts that are broadcasted the most are the ones that have the greatest impact on the human psyche. So even with all the great scripts that have been created in human history, that are in movies, books, magazines, news papers and TV, if those scripts are only seen by a few, then they have very little impact on society. So these bad scripts are doing most of the damage. The only good side of this is that the metaphors in these scripts are not totally defined, or understood or even noticed, so they can be easily interpreted to fit a new meaning. A new meaning that is healthier for the mind. So all is not lost, unless we never educate people enough, then this cycle of ignorance will continue.

Learn to tell a Good Story - What if your Life was made into a Movie?

Though there are lessons to be learned in certain films, that knowledge quickly dissipates. Mostly because people watch more then one movie, which makes the last movie you watched start to fade and become less meaningful. I myself have watched over 1,500 Feature Films and thousands of TV shows, Television Films and Short Films. I have been inspired and enlightened many times. I believe that a lot of those movies I watched had some good information and knowledge. But you need to be aware of this information and knowledge and know where to look for it. Schools need to use this massive resource to their advantage. Even though a lot of the facts and knowledge in movies is lost in the drama, there is still information and knowledge there, even if it is misrepresented or marred in the creative expression of film making. So even movies are part of Media Literacy that needs to be taught and learned. Deciphering and recognizing the lessons imbedded in films, whether intentional or not, makes a great learning tool. Even though I have gained more knowledge and information from just 50 Documentaries, compared to 1000's of Hollywood Movies, I still would use Hollywood films as a learning tool. You should know the differences between a Documentary Film, Docudrama, Fiction, Science Fiction, Non-fiction, B Movie and Reality TV Having open discussions about movies before and after you view them can offer more then just entertainment, you could actually learn something. It's a good idea to know before a movie starts if you want to be Entertained or Educated? Because sometimes it's hard to do both. So I suggest that you watch the movie first for the entertainment value and then watch it again for its educational value, if any. "Being able to access a Specific Timeline in a specific movie is extremely valuable because you can show a nice video example of an idea or an expression in a really short period of time. Like having a link to a webpage, boom you're there."  Movies have so many great examples of "what not to say" and "what not to do, and a lot of different versions of dumb and dumber. Teachers can easily show students particular ways of thinking that are wrong and help explain why they are wrong. There is a big difference between having fun and being a good example. This of course is not saying that you can't learn from bad examples, I'm just saying that there is usually a better time and place for almost everything.

Is the Drama important? No. Melodrama.

Character Bonding is when people are watching a movie and they feel a Real Connection to Actors. This bonding with fictional characters allows people to both imagine the characters pain and to perceive the characters experience from a distance. But because movie characters are not real, you are just pretending to empathize and sympathize with someone who does not exist. Now when you try to empathize and sympathize with real people in your life, it's extremely difficult because 90 percent of the time you do not know a persons whole story. Empathy and sympathy comes from having knowledge and experiences about what it's like to suffer and struggle with particular challenges of life. But, since everyone can struggle and suffer in different ways, that means in order to sympathize and empathize with someone, you would have to have experience or knowledge about that particular kind of suffering and really know someone. So movies are not an accurate teaching tool, especially when most movies are not out to educate people about real life struggles, most movies are just dramatic entertainment.


Deconstruct - Messages in Movies - A Teaching Tool


We have made millions of movies, films and videos, and many of them have very little educational value. But if you deconstruct almost every video, you can find examples of knowledge and information that would help teach someone about a particular subject in an abstract way. A lot of the things that we see in movies can be used as a metaphor for something else. You can do more than just watch a movie, you can learn more about the movie and do some research. You just don't want read a book without understand everything that created the book, and know why it was written. You should not just remember what you saw in a movie or what you read in a book, you should remember the world from which it was created in, as well as all the people and technology that made it happen. Many films can have educational value if we just add a few extra features like the ones they have on most DVD's. Streaming video should have links to the extra video features, so people can see the whole picture.

Deconstruction is a critical outlook that is used to understand the relationship between text and meaning. Analyze a text or conceptual system to expose its hidden internal assumptions and contradictions and subvert its apparent significance or unity. To reduce or break something down to its constituent parts in order to reinterpret it.

Deconstruct is to analyze and interpret a text or information or a linguistic or conceptual system by deconstruction, typically in order to expose its hidden internal assumptions and contradictions and subvert its apparent significance or unity. Reduce something to its constituent parts in order to reinterpret it.

Decoding - Abstraction - Video Analyzing - Study - Test Preparation

Reconstruct to reassemble mentally. Build again or do over. Return to its original or usable and functioning condition. Cause somebody to adapt or reform socially or politically.

Analytical Skill is the ability to deconstruct information into smaller categories in order to draw conclusions. Analytical skill consists of categories that include logical reasoning, critical thinking, communication, research, data analysis and creativity.

Revising is to reread work done previously to improve one's knowledge of a subject. Revision literally means to “see again,” to look at something from a fresh, critical perspective. It is an ongoing process of rethinking a subject matter and reconsidering your arguments, reviewing your evidence, refining your purpose, reorganizing your presentation, reviving stale prose.

Revise is to reconsider and alter something in the light of further evidence.

Literary Realism is the representation of Reality. To represent familiar things as they are, to depict everyday and banal activities and experiences, instead of using a romanticized or similarly stylized presentation.

Educational Entertainment is media designed to educate through entertainment. Most often it includes content intended to teach but has incidental entertainment value. Educational Entertainment is content designed both to educate and to entertain. It includes content that is primarily educational but has incidental entertainment value, and content that is mostly entertaining but contains educational Value.

Education GamesStories

Storyline Method is a pedagogical strategy for Active Learning.

How a Movie could Reduce Corruption. A film and texting campaign can increase anticorruption reports from citizens, study shows.

It would be great to use something like Vibby that lets you identify certain parts of the video, emphasize, share, and discuss them online or offline, and to add more information and knowledge about any subject that is being discussed in any film. Helping the viewer understand more about what is happening in the film, and also explain any misunderstandings or inaccuracy's that may be in the film that may have misinformation or not enough information. This way you can minimize the possibility of misleading the viewer into believing something that is inaccurate. So when you're watching the movie you can access more information if needed, whether you're teaching yourself or teaching others. When you activate an icon on the screen the movie displays a 1/4 screen pop up window in the upper left or right with text overlay that explains things in more detail and also has links to even more information if needed.

Music as a Teaching Tool - More about Movies and Teaching

Using Movies to Teach: Learning with the Movies - Teach with Movies - Movie Learn - How to Deconstruct a Movie

Film Club - Film Society (wiki) - Criterion Collection 

Computer Generated Imagery is the application of computer graphics to create or contribute to images in art, printed media, video games, films, television programs, shorts, commercials, videos, and simulators. The visual scenes may be dynamic or static and may be two-dimensional (2D), though the term "CGI" is most commonly used to refer to 3D computer graphics used for creating scenes or special effects in films and television. Additionally, the use of 2D CGI is often mistakenly referred to as "traditional animation", most often in the case when dedicated animation software such as Adobe Flash or Toon Boom is not used or the CGI is hand drawn using a tablet and mouse.

What is: Film | How Film Works and It's Place In Modern Filmmaking (youtube)

First you want to watch the movie for entertainment value, this way you don't ruin the first time experience. Then watch the movie again to deconstruct and analyze the movie to learn all you can from the characters, the scenes and the dialog. 

Evidence Based Argumentation - Debates

Movies are a great way to compress time, the only bad part is that it distorts the truth, so you have to learn how to decipher the truth, otherwise movies will always be misleading? Movies also stretch the truth to make it more interesting, just not accurate.

Visual Routine is a means of extracting information from a visual scene.

Film Theory is an academic discipline that aims to explore the essence of the cinema and provides conceptual frameworks for understanding film's relationship to reality, the other arts, individual viewers, and society at large.

Film Adaptation is the transfer of a written work, in whole or in part, to a feature film. It is a type of derivative work.

A good example of deconstructing a movie is Philosophy and the Matrix: Return to the Source (youtube) 

Analysis of the Last 10 Minutes of 2001: A Space Odyssey (youtube)
Tommy is a 1975 British musical fantasy drama film based upon The Who's 1969 rock opera album Tommy.

Colin Stokes: How Movies Teach Manhood (youtube)

Learning the differences between the Movie and what was originally written in the Book or Script can be very educational as well.

"While this story is inspired by actual events, some events, locations and dialogue were fictionalized or invented for the purposes of Dramatization." So drama is a reason to lie and misinform people?

Star Trek..the original... one of my favorite TV shows. The TV show addressed real life issues and showed great examples of human behavior. Even though it was based on the future it was more about the present then it was about the future. It showed how intelligent humans can be and taught us lessons about compassion. Not many shows are like that, which is a total shame.

Trek Nation - 2010 Documentary (hulu) (you don't have to be a perfect person to accomplish great things)

The whole Universe is laughing at us. Star Wars wants people to believe that idiots are normal and that idiots are every where in the Universe, which is a lie and extremely ignorant assumption, especially knowing that not all humans are idiots. Showing alien creatures with human flaws that express human ignorance is just wrong on so many levels. It makes people believe that ignorance and stupid behavior is somehow normal, well it's not. Intelligence is real and extremely important. And just saying "For Entertainment Purposes Only" is a lie and a load of crap. You expect people to believe that this statement will excuse media creators from the bad side effects that comes from watching a video or other media expressions. That's like saying that cigarettes are just for fun, even when you know that millions of people die every year from cigarettes. Warning ignorant people of possible dangers is not enough. You have to fully educate people and give them all the facts, otherwise, this is just pure negligence and abuse. Everyone is born into this world knowing nothing. And every person will only know what the environment teaches them and only know what other people teach them or what knowledge is provided for them. And that is it. And you don't have to leave this planet to know that fact. If you are born in China from Chinese parents who were also raised in China, then you will be Chinese. If you are born in the jungle and never left the jungle, then the jungle world will be all you know. Knowledge and information is so underutilized that it should be illegal to undereducated people, which means that every school on this planet is breaking the law, except for BK101 of course. Every person is different and unique. So every person should be treated as such. To connect with someone and to communicate with someone, you have to know how to listen and know how to empathize, otherwise, you're not helping people, and you could possibly do more harm then good.

Tales from the Script: Advice for New Screenwriters (youtube)

Great Directors (youtube) - The Outsider (youtube)

High-Concept is a type of artistic work that can be easily pitched with a succinctly stated premise. It can be contrasted with low-concept, which is more concerned with character development and other subtleties that aren't as easily summarized.

Vignette is a short impressionistic scene that focuses on one moment or character and gives a trenchant impression about that character, an idea, setting, and/or object. It's a short descriptive passage that's more about evoking meaning through imagery than it is about plot. Writing Tips.

"One of the problems with movies is that people make comparisons to movies and real life. People believe that as long as their life is not as f*cked up as the lives that are portrayed in certain movies, then they feel better about themselves. Comparing your life to a fantasy in a movie will only leave you with a false sense of security and a distorted reality."

Staged is something deliberately arranged for effect. Something written for or performed on the stage. Political Theater.

"All the World's a Stage, and all the men and women merely players: they have their exits and their entrances; and one man in his time plays many parts, his acts being seven ages."

Staging is the process of selecting, designing, adapting to, or modifying the performance space for a play or film. This includes the use or absence of stagecraft elements as well as the structure of the stage and its components. Staging is also used to mean the result of this process, in other words the spectacle that a play presents in performance, its visual detail. This can include such things as positions of actors on stage (often referred to as blocking), their gestures and movements (also called stage business), the scenic background, the props and costumes, lighting, and sound effects. Besides costume, any physical object that appears in a play has the potential to become an important dramatic symbol. The first thing that the audience of a play sees is the stage set, the physical objects that suggest the world of the play. The stage set is usually indicated by the playwright, but the degree of detail and specificity of this rendering vary from one playwright to another and from one literary period to another. In film, staging is generally called set dressing. While from a critical standpoint, "staging" can refer to the spectacle that a play presents in performance, the term is also frequently used interchangeably with the term "blocking", referring to how the performers are placed and moved around the stage. Many audience members may believe that performers move spontaneously on the stage, but blocking/staging is rarely spontaneous. Major points of blocking are often set down by the playwright, but blocking is usually done by the director, sometimes in collaboration with performers and designers. In the modern theater, there are purely mechanical reasons why blocking is crucial. Stage lighting is focused on specific parts of the stage at specific moments, and the performer must be sure to be on his or her "mark" or "spike" or they may not be well lit. Blocking also ensures that the stage picture gives the proper focus to the proper places, and that transitions occur smoothly. This becomes even more crucial as modern stage technology allows for ever more elaborate special effects.

Life is an Improv - The Show must Go On

Stagecraft is the technical aspect of theatrical, film, and video production. It includes constructing and rigging scenery; hanging and focusing of lighting; design and procurement of costumes; make-up; stage management; audio engineering; and procurement of props. Stagecraft is distinct from the wider umbrella term of scenography. Considered a technical rather than an artistic field, it is primarily the practical implementation of a scenic designer's artistic vision. In its most basic form, stagecraft may be executed by a single person (often the stage manager of a smaller production) who arranges all scenery, costumes, lighting, and sound, and organizes the cast. Regional theatres and larger community theatres will generally have a technical director and a complement of designers, each of whom has a direct hand in their respective designs. Within significantly larger productions, for example a modern Broadway show, effectively bringing a show to opening night requires the work of skilled carpenters, painters, electricians, stagehands, stitchers, wigmakers, and the like. Modern stagecraft is highly technical and specialized: it comprises many sub-disciplines and a vast trove of history and tradition.

Stage is a designated space for the performance of productions. The stage serves as a space for actors or performers and a focal point (the screen in cinema theaters) for the audience. As an architectural feature, the stage may consist of a platform (often raised) or series of platforms. In some cases, these may be temporary or adjustable but in theaters and other buildings devoted to such productions, the stage is often a permanent feature.


Hero's - Superhero's


Superhero is a heroic stock character, typically possessing supernatural or superhuman powers, who is dedicated to fighting the evil of their universe, protecting the public, and battling super-villains. A female superhero is sometimes called a superheroine, although the word superhero is also commonly used for females. Superhero fiction is the genre of fiction that is centered on such characters, especially in American comic book and films since the 1930s. Some superheroes (for example Batman) derive their status from the technology they create and use, rather than from non-human or superhuman biology. While the Dictionary.com definition of "superhero" is "a figure, especially in a comic strip or cartoon, endowed with superhuman powers and usually portrayed as fighting evil or crime", the longstanding Merriam-Webster dictionary gives the definition as "a fictional hero having extraordinary or superhuman powers; also: an exceptionally skillful or successful person." Terms such as masked crime fighters, costumed adventurers or masked vigilantes are sometimes used to refer to characters such as the Spirit, who may not be explicitly referred to as superheroes but nevertheless share similar traits. Some superheroes use their powers to help daily crime while also combating threats against humanity from supervillains, who are their criminal counterparts. Often at least one of these supervillains will be the superhero's archenemy. Some long-running superheroes and superheroines such as Superman, Spider-Man, Batman, Wonder Woman, the Hulk, Green Lantern, the Flash, Captain America, Thor, Wolverine, Iron Man and the X-Men have a rogues gallery of many villains.

Hero's Journey - Heroism

Disney movies or Hollywood movies should not be based on just fantasies, as most are. A Superhero's power should be based on reality and not a fantasy. Because a fantasy does nothing to prepare a child for reality. Only reality is effective in preparing someone for reality. To a certain degree Disney movies do sometimes make Superhero's Super Powers in line with reality when the Superhero's Powers are created from some form of Knowledge that they have gained, which clearly shows that Knowledge is Power, which is actually something that any child can obtain. Thus making the child realize that they too can be a Superhero with Super Powers, instead of just having a fantasy that only provides a child with a dream about a super power, a super power they could never possess. Thus leaving the child with nothing but a dream that could never come true. But even if a child could possess these fantasy powers, the child would still need the necessary knowledge to handle that power so it doesn't destroy them like many of their Disney characters have done in their movies. Superhero's Powers should all be based on Powers Gained by Knowledge. This way kids can learn what useful skills and abilities come from this particular knowledge, and thus be interested in acquiring this knowledge. So yes, Disney and Hollywood can actually encourage learning if they chose to. Having Knowledge is like having super powers. Of course not the same kind of super powers that our comic book hero's have, but super powers that are so amazing that even our most powerful super hero's would be impressed. But receiving the power of knowledge is not that easy. You have to learn for many years. You have to ask the right questions, you have seek out the best knowledge and the best information that the world has to offer. You also have to be able to confirm that your knowledge is true so you are not mislead by yourself or others. And once you have accomplished this stage of this learning journey, your potential will begin to seem limitless. But of course this power, like any power, is not without danger. Mistakes can happen. But as long as you never stop learning and never stop increasing your awareness about yourself and the world around you, the danger from having these super powers will be very minimal. Remember, in order to truly enjoy your powers you will have to learn how to use them wisely. And don't ever get too comfortable with what you know, because things do change, and ignoring this fact could be dangerous. Keep learning my friends. "Why does the hulk become stupid when he becomes s big? It makes no sense, unless you are trying to manipulate children's thinking."

Hero Worship is excessive admiration for someone. Admire someone excessively.

Sadly as of 2016, most of our Superhero Movies do more harm then good. The character flaws they portray in superhero's are even more dangerous then the fantasy of power itself, which is nothing more then child abuse. Movie Ratings do not protect children, or anyone else? This is not to say that some movie scripts are inherently bad or evil, it's just that some scripts can be harmful to young influential minds and uneducated people. So parents please educate your children, because schools don't teach students how to decipher meaning accurately or effectively.

Super Human Powers

Superhero's that are Reality Based. New Superhero movies will consist of real people who have a unique set of skills and knowledge. When they get together, our real life super hero's will have the ability to solve any problem. Physos is an Expert in Physics, her side kick is Mo Mentum who is an expert of Action Physics. Mathos is an Expert in Mathematics and Numbers. Electros is an Expert in Electricity and Magnetism. Communicatetus is an Expert in Language and Symbols. Environmentalos is an expert in Environments, Organisms and Plants. Animalos is an expert in Animals and Biology. Chemistros is an Expert in Chemistry. Superhero Anti-Microbial Man, fights germs and those little pesky critters, his nemesis is Superbug. "So when kids watch these movies with real life super hero's, they will learn the facts about themselves and the world around them, imagine that?" And most of the Super Hero's will have families, and their children will be extremely important and play pivotal roles in their home life and working life.

"Real Life is a million times more interesting and exciting than any fantasy that you could ever dream of."

Learning to become Master of the Universe, but in a good way. You will have just enough control and understanding of almost everything in the universe. This will give you the ability to work symbiotically, effectively and efficiently within its realm, and at the same time, you will become a highly evolved human being who is fully aware of the power of human consciousness and human intelligence. Humans are a loving and peaceful species, even though our history paints a different picture. We have made almost every mistake imaginable. The good news is, we have learned from almost every mistake we have made, and now, we are ready to put our knowledge to work, and we have a lot of work to do, within ourselves and with our planet. Our population gives us the power to build an incredible work force. But in order to effectively utilize the power of the people, our education system needs to be improved.

Action Hero is the protagonist of an action film or other entertainment which portrays action and adventure.

Culture Hero is a mythological hero who changes the world through invention or discovery. Although many culture heroes help with the creation of the world, most culture heroes are important because of their effect on the world after creation. A typical culture hero might be credited as the discoverer of fire, agriculture, songs, tradition, law or religion, and is usually the most important legendary figure of a people, sometimes as the founder of its ruling dynasty.

Folk Hero is a type of hero – real, fictional or mythological – with their name, personality and deeds embedded in the popular consciousness of a people, mentioned frequently in folk songs, folk tales and other folklore; and with modern trope status in literature, art and films. Although some folk heroes are historical public figures, many are not. The lives of folk heroes are generally fictional, their characteristics and deeds often exaggerated to mythic proportions. The folk hero often begins life as a normal person, but is transformed into someone extraordinary by significant life events, often in response to social injustice, and sometimes in response to natural disasters. One major category of folk hero is the defender of the common people against the oppression or corruption of the established power structure. Members of this category of folk hero often, but not necessarily, live outside the law in some way. List of Folk Heroes (wiki).

The Heroic Imagination Project empowers ordinary people to do extraordinary things. Seeks to train school-going children around the world to look at themselves as heroes-in-waiting, or heroes-in-training. So, these young minds work over time to develop skills and virtues so that when the opportunity comes, no matter what that opportunity be, to stand up and do the right thing. In other words, anyone can be a hero.

My Super Science Heroes - Marie Curie is an illustrated children's book for science and math.

People like to act like kings in their own little world. And some kings pretend that they're God. But no human being could be a god, that is because a human would have to die first and than be accepted in to God School and than miraculously gradate from god school. And not every human graduates from God school. Being a God is much harder than you think, and being a God takes a lot more knowledge and skill than you could ever imagine. Most people fail when they are given power. And ultimate power is no different. Power is not just an enormous responsibility, power also takes a lot of intelligence if you want to effectively handle the energy that power possesses. If you want to be a super hero, you have to be intelligent.

Educational Entertainment (documentary)

We want to inspire, support and influence creativity, we do not want to influence passivity, which Hollywood is good at doing.

Passivity is the trait of remaining inactive or having a lack of initiative. Submission to others or to outside influences.

I'm not saying to ignore the possibilities, just don't let the knowing that there are possibilities keep you from paying attention to the known reality. Focus on the facts and the logic of things, and let the possibilities stay in your memory or written down somewhere, so if you need to look at those possibilities again, you can.

Halloween Costumes for Kids - 2016 Most Popular
1. Action/Superhero
2. Princess
3. Animal (Cat, Dog, Lion, Monkey, etc.)
4. Batman Character
5. Star Wars Character
6. Witch
6. DC Superhero (excl. Batman)
8. Marvel Superhero (excl. Spider-Man)
9. Zombie
10. Spider-Man

Fan Fiction or fanfiction (also abbreviated to fan fic, fanfic, or fic) is fiction about characters or settings from an original work of fiction, created by fans of that work rather than by its creator. It is a popular form of fan labor, particularly since the advent of the Internet.

Fan Labor is a term used to refer to the productive creative activities engaged in by fans, primarily those of various media properties or musical groups. These activities can include creation of written works (fictional, fan fictional and review literature), visual or computer-assisted art, music, or applied arts and costuming. Fame.

Fandom is a term used to refer to a subculture composed of fans characterized by a feeling of empathy and camaraderie with others who share a common interest. Fans typically are interested in even minor details of the object(s) of their fandom and spend a significant portion of their time and energy involved with their interest, often as a part of a social network with particular practices (a fandom); this is what differentiates "fannish" (fandom-affiliated) fans from those with only a casual interest.

Children Want Factual Stories, Versus Fantasy, More Often Than Adults. Reality is a lot more amazing then fantasy. Reality has a lot more to give then fantasy. Reality is awesome. Reality is something that you can actually experience and learn from. You learn very little from fantasies. Get out into the real world and stop dreaming about worlds that don't exist. You want adventure, reality has you covered. Fiction is boring when compared to reality. Factual stories have more benefits the pretend stories. Trying to escape reality is futile and dangerous. Dream big, but keep it real. Save the fantasies for play time, but don't ever ignore reality. Reality is much more fascinating the any fantasy that you will ever have.

Disney Princess Dolls are as Dangerous as Disney Movies
Girls ages three to four are at higher risk of believing they cannot do some things, like math, science or even getting dirty. A study found that high amounts of engagement with the Disney princesses culture can lead to gender-stereotypical behavior, holding girls back.

Just because movies are non violent does not mean they are safe to watch. Under lying messages in films can cause problems and confusion.

Films about Nonviolence - Non Violent Family Movies

Peace Movies - Activism

Five Movies upset Mainstream WW2 Narrative, Show Power of Nonviolent Resistance.

Gandi and Selma should be watched by everyone. We need more movies like these two. We have too many violent movies and TV shows, enough is enough. We need to make a law that says for every violent movie, we must also make movies that promote non-violence.

How many Movies does the average Person watch in a Lifetime? If you watch 5 movies per week that's 20 movies per month. 20 movies per month x 12 months a year = 240 movies a year. 60 years average life expectancy multiplied by 240 movies a year = 14,400 movies in 60 years. 14,400 movies multiplied by 120 minutes on average per movie = 1,728,000 minutes of movie watching. 1,728,000 minutes of movie watching divided by 60 minutes an hour = 28,800 hours of movie watching. There are 8,765 hours in an average year. So the average person watches 3 years 2 days worth of movies in their lifetime.

"Watching a movie to me is like reading a book, it's personal. But I can't read a book when someone keeps asking me questions, or adding their opinion. You have to wait till it's over, then we'll talk about it."


Films that Made a lot of Money


When it comes to films, people love adventure, drama and action, they love characters who can act and play their parts and use beautifully written words to tell a wonderful story. Making people feel happy and sad and full of life, but it's a life that only exists in peoples minds. Do movies make us better people? Do movies make us more compassionate? Do movies make us more aware? Movies only make us more educated when that is the main focus of as film, like a documentary. And since none of these movies are documentaries, people are not becoming more educated, they are actually becoming more disconnected from reality. So what does this mean? Depends on how much you know about media literacy. The movie might make you feel good, but does it educate you? Felling good about seeing a movie is only temporary, learning something valuable can last forever.

Movies Released Per Year Graph Avatar (2009) - Titanic (1997) - Marvel's The Avengers (2012) - The Dark Knight (2008) - Star Wars: Episode IV - A New Hope (1977) - Avengers: Age of Ultron (2015) - The Dark Knight Rises (2012) - Shrek 2 (2004) - E. T. The Extra-Terrestrial (1982) - The Hunger Games: Catching Fire (2013) - Pirates of the Caribbean: Dead Man's Chest (2006) - The Lion King (1994) - Toy Story 3 (2010) - urassic World (2015) - Iron Man 3 (2013) - The Hunger Games (2012) - Spider-Man (2002) - Jurassic Park (1993) - Transformers: Revenge of the Fallen (2009) - Frozen (2013) - Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows, Part 2 (2011) - Finding Nemo (2003) - Star Wars: Episode III - Revenge of the Sith (2005) - The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King (2003) - Spider-Man 2 (2004) - The Passion of the Christ (2004) - Despicable Me 2 (2013) - Transformers: Dark of the Moon (2011) - Furious 7 (2015) - American Sniper (2014) - The Lord of the Rings: The Two Towers (2002) - The Hunger Games: Mockingjay - Part 1 (2014) - Spider-Man 3 (2007) - Alice in Wonderland (2010) - Guardians of the Galaxy (2014) - Shrek the Third (2007) - Transformers (2007) - Iron Man (2008) - Harry Potter and the Sorcerer's Stone (2001) - Indiana Jones and the Kingdom of the Crystal Skull (2008) - The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring (2001) - Iron Man 2 (2010) - Star Wars: Episode II - Attack of the Clones (2002) - Pirates of the Caribbean: At World's End (2007) - Star Wars: Episode VI - Return of the Jedi (1983) - Independence Day (1996) - Pirates of the Caribbean: The Curse of the Black Pearl (2003) - Skyfall (2012) - The Hobbit: An Unexpected Journey (2012) - Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince (2009) - The Twilight Saga: Eclipse (2010) - The Twilight Saga: New Moon (2009) - Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows, Part 1 (2010) - The Sixth Sense (1999) - Up (2009) - Inception (2010) - The Twilight Saga: Breaking Dawn, Part 2 (2012) - Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix (2007) - The Chronicles of Narnia: The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe (2005) - Man of Steel (2013) - Star Wars: Episode V - The Empire Strikes Back (1980) - Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire (2005) - Monsters, Inc. (2001) - Home Alone (1990) - The Matrix Reloaded (2003) - The Twilight Saga: Breaking Dawn, Part 1 (2011) - Meet the Fockers (2004) - The Hangover (2009) - Gravity (2013) - Monsters University (2013) - Shrek (2001) - The Amazing Spider-Man (2012) - Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets (2002) - The Incredibles (2004) - Dr. Seuss' How the Grinch Stole Christmas (2000) - Jaws (1975) - Captain America: The Winter Soldier (2014) - The Hobbit: The Desolation of Smaug (2013) - The LEGO Movie (2014) - Star Trek (2009) - I Am Legend (2007) - The Blind Side (2009) - The Hobbit: The Battle of the Five Armies (2014) - The Hangover Part II (2011) - Despicable Me (2010) - Batman (1989) - Night at the Museum (2006) - Men in Black (1997) - Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban (2004) - Raiders of the Lost Ark (1981) - Toy Story 2 (1999) - Transformers: Age of Extinction (2014) - Cars (2006) - Bruce Almighty (2003) - Ghostbusters (1984) - My Big Fat Greek Wedding (2002) - Maleficent (2014)

Favorite Movies by State Gone With the Wind (1939) - The Sound of Music (1965) - The Ten Commandments (1956) - Doctor Zhivago (1965) - The Exorcist (1973) - Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs (1937) - 101 Dalmatians (1961) - Star Wars: Episode V - The Empire Strikes Back (1980) - Ben-Hur (1959) - Star Wars: Episode VI - Return of the Jedi (1983) - Jurassic Park (1993) - Star Wars: Episode I - The Phantom Menace (1999) - The Lion King (1994) - The Sting (1973) - Raiders of the Lost Ark (1981) - The Graduate (1967) - Fantasia (1940) - The Godfather (1972) - Forrest Gump (1994) - Mary Poppins (1964) - Grease (1978) - Marvel's The Avengers (2012) - Thunderball (1965) - The Dark Knight (2008) - The Jungle Book (1967) - Sleeping Beauty (1959) - Ghostbusters (1984) - Shrek 2 (2004) - Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid (1969) - Love Story (1970) - Spider-Man (2002) - Independence Day (1996) - Home Alone (1990) - Pinocchio (1940) - Cleopatra (1963) - Beverly Hills Cop (1984) - Goldfinger (1964) - Airport (1970) - American Graffiti (1973) - The Robe (1953) - Pirates of the Caribbean: Dead Man's Chest (2006) - Around the World in 80 Days (1956) - Bambi (1942) - Blazing Saddles (1974) - Batman (1989) - The Bells of St. Mary's (1945) - The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King (2003) - Finding Nemo (2003) - The Towering Inferno (1974) - Spider-Man 2 (2004) - My Fair Lady (1964) - The Greatest Show on Earth (1952) - National Lampoon's Animal House (1978) - The Passion of the Christ (2004) - Star Wars: Episode III - Revenge of the Sith (2005) - Back to the Future (1985) - The Lord of the Rings: The Two Towers (2002) - The Dark Knight Rises (2012) - The Sixth Sense (1999) - Superman (1978) - Tootsie (1982) - Smokey and the Bandit (1977) - West Side Story (1961) - Harry Potter and the Sorcerer's Stone (2001) - Lady and the Tramp (1955) - Close Encounters of the Third Kind (1977/1980) - Avengers: Age of Ultron (2015) - Lawrence of Arabia (1962) - The Rocky Horror Picture Show (1975) - Rocky (1976) - The Best Years of Our Lives (1946) - The Poseidon Adventure (1972) - The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring (2001) - Twister (1996) - Men in Black (1997) - The Bridge On The River Kwai (1957) - Transformers: Revenge of the Fallen (2009) - It's a Mad, Mad, Mad, Mad World (1963) - Swiss Family Robinson (1960) - One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest (1975) - M*A*S*H (1970) - Indiana Jones and the Temple of Doom (1984) - Star Wars: Episode II - Attack of the Clones (2002) - Mrs. Doubtfire (1993) - Aladdin (1992) - Toy Story 3 (2010) - Ghost (1990) - The Hunger Games: Catching Fire (2013) - Jurassic World (2015) - Duel in the Sun (1946) - The Hunger Games (2012) - Pirates of the Caribbean: The Curse of the Black Pearl (2003) - House of Wax (1953) - Rear Window (1954) - The Lost World: Jurassic Park (1997).

Funny Movies (humor films)

The Yellow Brick Road and Beyond (2009) The complete history of “The Wizard of Oz”, highlighting some of the earliest stage and screen adaptations, such as the 1925 silent version and the even earlier, “His Majesty, The Scarecrow of Oz”.
Aired: 02/24/2009 |  50 min. The Wizard of Oz (1939 Film).


Movie Quotes - Film Quotes - Famous Movie Lines - Movie Trivia - Sound Tracks


Top 100 Movie Quotes (youtube) - 100 Movie Quotes (wiki) - Great Film Quotes.

Schwarzenegger Quotes (youtube)

The music created for movies is some of our best music. Soundtracks - Sound

Iconic Movie Scenes - The 'Best Picture' Show: A Final Image Montage on Vimeo

Movie Clips - Fun Trivia - Useful Trivia

National Film Registry (wiki)

These Amazing Shadows: The Movies that made America (youtube)

National Audio-Visual Conservation Center (wiki) - Film Preservation - Movie Archives

Movies mostly exaggerate, but for good reason. Worst case scenario. So it's your job to fill in all those varying degrees of truth

Exaggerate is to enlarge beyond bounds or the truth. Do something to an excessive degree.

Dramatic movie interpretations of stories are essential, even though they are not completely accurate, they do give us an idea of people may have gone through and experienced under particular circumstances.

"Instead of spending millions of dollars on making movies just to entertain ourselves, what if we spent millions of dollars on movies that actually teach people things of value, by using all our expertise and technological advances to create movies that provide lessons with useful knowledge and information. Imagine the value and the potential that these types of films would bring."

Instead of the characters representing people, the characters in movies represent personality characteristics of the human mind. The ego, alter ego, the conscience, and sub-conscious mind. The conversations are the ones that we have to develop our own ways of reasoning, and understanding ourselves, and understanding other people, and understanding the world around us. So each character is a part of your mind. Some characteristics you hold on to, and others you let go of. How we overcome adversities and how we mature into intelligent and wise people. You have your reckless self, your adventurous self, your loving self, your stubborn self, your good qualities, your bad qualities, and so on. 

The Hobbit: The Battle of the Five Armies (wiki)

Dissociative Identity Disorder
Identity

Emulate is to strive to equal or match, especially by imitating. Imitate the function of (another system), as by modifying the hardware or the software. Compete with successfully; approach or reach equality with.  When you see a worthy person, endeavor to emulate him. When you see an unworthy person, then examine your inner self. Emulation can be positive, if you succeed in avoiding imitation. Emulation is the effort or desire to equal or surpass others.

Smeagol, or Gollum, is one of the most interesting characters of the Lord of the Rings Trilogy, firstly because of the fact that he is among the handful of them who show shades of grey in their personality. He immediately falls under the dark spell of the ring which significantly prolonged his life. He simultaneously loved and hated both the ring and himself, constantly torn apart between the desire to possess it (and the power it holds), and the desire to break free of its sinister influence, which based Gollum’s desperation and craving on the withdrawals of heroin addicts. But I see it more about our addiction to money

The Body Snatchers film is a metaphor that shows the power of propaganda, where people don't even realize that their mind is not their own, and that their lives have been taken over, controlled, manipulated and consumed by a false reality. and the moment you act normal, that is when crazy people start screaming at you. Great movie, but horrifying to know that body snatchers actually exists on some level in society.

Hollywood Reporter - Movie and TV Websites

Clichés in Movies - Epagogix

Film Site - AMC TV

Travel Movies For Nature Lovers - Auteur Cinema

YouTube Videos: To show some one an Exact Time in a YouTube Video just Right Click on Video and select "Copy Video ULR at Current Time"

Screen Capture Software

List of Films Considered the Best - 67 Influential Films

Isolating various elements in a film and categorizing them into Genres makes it possible to evaluate a film within its genre and allow for meaningful comparisons and some judgments on its greatness.

Auteur Theory is a singular artist who controls all aspects of a collaborative creative work, a person equivalent to the author of a novel or a play. The term is commonly referenced to filmmakers or directors with a recognizable style or thematic preoccupation.


Film Styles


Children's Films, Family Films, Cult Films, Documentary Films, Docudrama, Mockumentary, Fiction, Simulated reality in fiction, Non-fiction, Narrative, Science, Science Fiction, B Movie, Reality TVPornographic Films, Silent Films, Comedy, Musicals, Adventure, Action Film, List of Action Films, War Movies, Historical Films, Westerns, Thriller, Horror Films, Crime Films, Independent Film or Indie Film and Amateur FilmsPlots.

Drama - Melodrama - Horror

Documentary Film is a nonfictional motion picture intended to document some aspect of reality, primarily for the purposes of instruction, education, or maintaining a historical record.

Documentary Practice is the process of creating documentary projects in order to address the creative, ethical, and conceptual problems and choices that arise as they make documentary films or other similar presentations based on fact or reality.

Documentary Mode seeks to distinguish particular traits and conventions of various documentary film styles like poetic, expository, observational, participatory, reflexive, and performative.

Documentaries (list)

Docudrama can mix facts with good acting, which is a good way of teaching a subject as long as the facts can be understood.

Comedy-Drama combines elements of comedy and drama, Dramedy.

Participatory Video is a form of participatory media in which a group or community creates their own film. The idea behind this is that making a video is easy and accessible, and is a great way of bringing people together to explore issues, voice concerns or simply to be creative and tell stories.

Cinema Verite combines improvisation with the use of the camera to unveil truth or highlight subjects hidden behind crude reality. (observational cinema).

How filmmakers manipulate our emotions using color (youtube)
Color Knowledge

Reviewing the Movie Extra Bonus Features on DVD's gives a good insight on the making of the movie and why some scenes were deleted. Can also give commentary to add depth and understanding to the film. Using Videos as a Learning Tool.

Most people don't understand movie metaphors. Even when they notice a metaphor not everyone will understand the metaphor the same way. Hidden messages are only valuable in the right context, and when it's also accurately understood. Too many movies show a thousand different ways on how to be an as*hole. We need to make movies that show people the thousands of different ways on how not to be an as*hole. Good Examples.

The Hunger Games: Catching Fire (youtube)

I like true stories and reenactments. - List of films based on actual events (wiki)

Thriller is a genre of fiction, having numerous, often overlapping subgenres. Thrillers are characterized and defined by the moods they elicit, giving viewers heightened feelings of suspense, excitement, surprise, anticipation and anxiety. Successful examples of thrillers are the films of Alfred Hitchcock. Thrillers generally keep the audience on the "edge of their seats" as the plot builds towards a climax. The cover-up of important information is a common element. Literary devices such as red herrings, plot twists, unreliable narrators, and cliffhangers are used extensively. A thriller is often a villain-driven plot, whereby they present obstacles that the protagonist must overcome.

Psychological Thriller is a genre combining the thriller and psychological fiction genres. It is commonly used to describe movies and books that deal with psychological narratives in a thriller or thrilling setting. In terms of context and convention, it is a subgenre of the broader ranging thriller narrative structure, with similarities to Gothic and detective fiction in the sense of sometimes having a "dissolving sense of reality". It is often told through the viewpoint of psychologically stressed characters, revealing their distorted mental perceptions and focusing on the complex and often tortured relationships between obsessive and pathological characters. Psychological thrillers often incorporate elements of mystery, drama, action, and paranoia. The genre is closely related to and sometimes overlaps with the psychological horror genre, the latter generally involving more horror and terror elements and themes and more disturbing or frightening scenarios.

Legal Thriller is a subgenre of thriller and crime fiction in which the major characters are lawyers and their employees. The system of justice itself is always a major part of these works, at times almost functioning as one of the characters. In this way, the legal system provides the framework for the legal thriller much as the system of modern police work does for the police procedural. Usually, crusading lawyers become involved in proving their cases (usually their client's innocence of the crime of which he is accused, or the culpability of a corrupt corporation which has covered up its malfeasance until this point) to such an extent that they imperil their own interpersonal relationships and frequently, their own lives.

Slow Television is a term used for a genre of live "marathon" television coverage of an ordinary event in its complete length.

Montage Filmmaking is a technique in film editing in which a series of short shots are edited into a sequence to condense space, time, and information.

Time-Lapse (photography)

Film Genre is a motion picture category based on similarities in either the Narrative Elements or the emotional response to the film (namely, serious, comic, etc.).

Genres - Movie Categories (wiki)

Pirated Movie Release Types (wiki)

Blank City - Super 8 Movies (wiki)

Narrative Filmmaking vs. Documentary Filmmaking (youtube)

Movie Festivals - Film Schools - Film Making Tools

What Is the Total Number of Movies Ever Made? - Over a Million at least, so choose wisely.

Nonlinear Narrative is a narrative technique, sometimes used in literature, film, hypertext websites and other narratives, where events are portrayed, for example out of chronological order, or in other ways where the narrative does not follow the direct causality pattern of the events featured, such as parallel distinctive Plot Lines, dream immersions or narrating another story inside the main plot-line. It is often used to mimic the structure and recall of human memory, but has been applied for other reasons as well.

Experimental Film is a mode of filmmaking that rigorously re-evaluates cinematic conventions and explores non-narrative forms and alternatives to traditional narratives or methods of working. Many experimental films, particularly early ones, relate to arts in other disciplines: painting, dance, literature and poetry, or arise from research and development of new technical resources.

Blaxploitation is an ethnic subgenre of the exploitation film that emerged in the United States during the early 1970s. The films, while popular, suffered backlash for disproportionate numbers of stereotypical film characters showing bad or questionable motives, including criminals, etc. However, the genre does rank among the first in which black characters and communities are the heroes and subjects of film and television, rather than sidekicks or villains or victims of brutality. The genre's inception coincides with the rethinking of race relations in the 1970s.

Song to Song - 2017 American experimental romantic drama film written and directed by Terrence Malick. "I love this filming style. I love the scenes that show people living in the moment, just listening, feeling and experiencing, it's beautiful to watch and too immerse yourself into. But it also shows you how people can just float through their life for years without ever feeling grounded or being fully aware of themselves or the world around them. Being able to live in the moment and just listening is essential. But we also need to keep asking questions, and we need to keep learning and developing and becoming more knowledgeable about ourselves and the world around us. Awareness and the ability to listen are skills that need to be learned. This way, living in the moment becomes a beautiful experience that can happen several times a day. And learning is the tool that brings that moment and the experience to life."


Horror Movies


The Horror...The Horror...We make too many horror movies. It seems that the movie industry wants people to be afraid and to live in fear. Don't get me wrong, I like horror movies, but we make too many horror movies every year and not enough true life movies, movies that inspire people instead of scaring people and trying to freak people out, like some weird form of entertainment. The amazing thing about Horror Movies are the people who thought them up. Extremely creative. I just wish they would uses their talents for more productive reasons beyond just for entertainment. Some horror movies are inspired by real life, but even then, the whole story is never told.

When was the first horror movie made? Why was it made? Do horror movies influence people to commit crimes? Why do we sensationalize our worst behaviors? Do horror movies create mental disorders? Why are there so many scary movies being made? Is it to promote Fear and influence Revenge? How many more Horror Movies do we really need? How many more Revenge Movies do we really need? What is your worst nightmare? What is the one thing that you fear most? What is the most horrific event that you dread the most?

Horror movies are cheap to make, so they can make more money than other film types. Things that make a movie scary are small locations like houses, eerie music, creepy sounds, no talking, darkness and shadows, quick motion and fast appearances, mystery and unexplained events.

The movie Jaws made me fearful of swimming in the ocean, when before the movie, I loved to swim in the ocean. Horror movies are not for kids. But that seems to be their main audience, why? Traumatized

Exploitation Film is a film that attempts to succeed financially by exploiting current trends, niche genres, or lurid content.

Horror Film is a film genre that seeks to elicit a negative emotional reaction from viewers by playing on their fears.

Shock Value is the potential of an action (as a public execution), image, text, or other form of communication to provoke a reaction of sharp disgust, shock, anger, fear, or similar negative emotions.

Can watching Horror Films cause Anxiety and Fears?

American Grindhouse (hulu)
Nightmares in Red, White and Blue (hulu)

In Horror Flicks the Cell Phone Always Dies First".

Wilhelm Scream is a stock sound effect of a man screaming that has been used in more than 359 movies and television episodes, beginning in 1951 for the film Distant Drums. The scream is often used when someone is shot, falls from a great height, or is thrown from an explosion, and is most commonly used in films and television. Video of a Wilhelm Sound Effect (youtube). Baby Screams.

Howie Scream is a frequently used film, television, and video game, stock sound effect for a scream. Often compared to the Wilhelm scream, its prominence in a number of movies has given it a few nicknames such as Howie Long Scream, in reference to Howie Long's death scene in the movie Broken Arrow. Video of a Howie Scream Sound Effect (youtube).

Corman's World  95 min Documentary - February 2012 (UK) - Roger Corman.

Halloween is a celebration observed in a number of countries on 31 October, with activities that include trick-or-treating (or the related guising), attending Halloween costume parties, carving pumpkins into jack-o'-lanterns, lighting bonfires, apple bobbing, divination games, playing pranks, visiting haunted attractions, telling scary stories and watching horror films. In many parts of the world, the Christian religious observances of All Hallows' Eve, including attending church services and lighting candles on the graves of the dead, remain popular, although elsewhere it is a more commercial and secular celebration. Some Christians historically abstained from meat on All Hallows' Eve, a tradition reflected in the eating of certain foods on this vigil day, including apples, potato pancakes, and soul cakes. Art (gross).

Horror movies manipulate brain activity expertly to enhance excitement. A research team maps neural activity in response to watching horror movies. A study shows the top horror movies of the past 100 years, and how they manipulate brain activity. 72% of people report watching at last one horror movie every 6 months, and the reasons for doing so, besides the feelings of fear and anxiety, was primarily that of excitement. Watching horror movies was also an excuse to socialise, with many people preferring to watch horror movies with others than on their own. People found horror that was psychological in nature and based on real events the scariest, and were far more scared by things that were unseen or implied rather than what they could actually see. This latter distinction reflects two types of fear that people experience. The creeping foreboding dread that occurs when one feels that something isn't quite right, and the instinctive response we have to the sudden appearance of a monster that make us jump out of our skin, says principal investigator, Professor Lauri Nummenmaa from Turku PET Centre. During those times when anxiety is slowly increasing, regions of the brain involved in visual and auditory perception become more active, as the need to attend for cues of threat in the environment become more important. After a sudden shock, brain activity is more evident in regions involved in emotion processing, threat evaluation, and decision making, enabling a rapid response. However, these regions are in continuous talk-back with sensory regions throughout the movie, as if the sensory regions were preparing response networks as a scary event was becoming increasingly likely. -Therefore, our brains are continuously anticipating and preparing us for action in response to threat, and horror movies exploit this expertly to enhance our excitement.

No wonder kids like science fiction more then they like realism. We have made realism so freaking boring and so freaking depressing that reality itself is no longer desirable to people. This is a devastating flaw in our education system that has devastating effects. If you can't make reality enjoyable and exciting, as it already is, then your teaching is a failure. If you end up having kids feel like they need to live in a fantasy world and to seek out dreams and fairy tales, rather then learn how to face the the realities of life, then you're not just leaving kids vulnerable and helpless to solve their own problems, but you're also robbing your child's ability to enjoy life and to be happy. Yes entertainment is important, but not when it causes more harm then good. You need balance, but first you have to understand what needs balancing?

Narrative Modes

"Why are movie previews, or Trailers, never an accurate interpretation of the movie? It's like the people who create movie trailers never actually saw the film, or worst, they never understood the film. Are movie trailers just a marketing scam?"

"When you make being stupid more fun then learning, you end up creating a lot of stupid people, like you have now."

Ever look at something for the first time and think nothing of it? And then when you look at that same thing again for a second or third time, you see something totally different, or you see something that wasn't there before. It's like your looking at that same thing for the first time. Taking another look is sometimes a good idea. For some reason we don't always Understand everything that we're looking at the first time around. Some things just don't appear or register in our minds from just one look. It's more then just Déjà vu, it's like some form of Inattentional Blindness.  (Howard Polley)

"Seeing a movie again years later is like seeing a new movie because now you have more information and knowledge that makes the interpretation of the movie a little different, and sometimes even a little more interesting and easier to understand."

"Some movies I like watching more than once. The first time I watch a movie is for the entertainment value, and then the second or third time is for a more detailed examination of the film, that includes some critical thinking and some deconstruction of certain scenes to look for any underlying meanings that I may have missed."

"I still love movies, just not all of them, and certainly not everything about them, but the love of this elaborate form of artistic expression is very enjoyable at times."

"People just love to imagine what it’s like to be someone else. It’s probably on of the oldest fantasies known to humans. And Hollywood Movies makes it so easy to pretend."



Ratings - Censorship - User Guide


Mature Audience America Film Rating System is to Rate a film's Suitability for certain audiences, based on its content. The Illusion of Standards.

Intended for Mature Audiences Only. What is Mature? How do you Measure Maturity? Who's doing the Censoring?

Viewer Discretion is Advised means that a person needs to be aware and also understand that something contains strong language, depictions of violence, and behavior that can be misinterpreted inaccurately or repeated inaccurately through influenced behaviors. This is why information literacy is extremely important. 

For Entertainment Purposes Only is a lie. That's like selling guns and saying "for target shooting only". Indocrination.

Entertainment Software Rating Board is an American self-regulatory organization that assigns age and content ratings to consumer video games. Sponsored Content.

This Film Is Not Yet Rated (film) - Indie Sex (film).

Discretion is the quality of behaving or speaking in such a way as to avoid causing offense or revealing sensitive information. The freedom to decide what should be done in a particular situation. Disclaimer.

Yes we do need movie Ratings, but we also need an explanation. So what do you consider to be Suitable For Children? What are General Audiences? If there is no nudity, sex scenes or drug use present in the motion picture, than what's in it? Nudity, sex scenes or drug use are not the only harmful things that a child can be exposed to? Parents "May" consider some material unsuitable for their children? What is unsuitable? And where is this unsuitable thing in the movie? And just how would parents know what is unsuitable for their children if you never explained what unsuitable is and just how does this unsuitable thing effect a person? And why would it be alright for children to view something unsuitable just because they are with an adult? What's the adult supposed to do block the Childs view? Parents Strongly Cautioned, what the hell does that mean? NC-17 does not mean "obscene" or "pornographic" so why is it different from rated "R"? Why is the content appropriate for an adult audience? What are you considering to be an Adult? And don't tell me it's just their age. So what is an common everyday expression? Lucy, you've got some 'splainin to do!

Trigger Warnings - Addiction Triggers

Gun Violence in PG-13 Movies Continues to Climb Past R-Rated Films.

Film Ratings is like someone handing you some food and saying "This Might be Poisonous?" So of course your natural response would be "What is it then?"..So, WTF is it?

G – General Audiences: All ages admitted. Nothing that would offend parents for viewing by children?
PG- Parental Guidance Suggested: Some material may not be suitable for children. Parents urged to give "parental guidance". May contain some material parents might not like for their young children.
PG-13 – Parents Strongly Cautioned: Some material may be inappropriate for children under 13. Parents are urged to be cautious. Some material may be inappropriate for pre-teenagers?
R – Restricted: Under 17 requires accompanying parent or adult guardian. Contains some adult material? Parents are urged to learn more about the film before taking their young children with them.
NC-17 – Adults Only: No One 17 and Under Admitted. Clearly adult. Children are not admitted.
X - Is a rating used to classify movies that are only meant for adults. People under 18 may not buy, rent, exhibit, or view these films. X rating containes content judged unsuitable for children, such as extreme violence, strongly implied sex, and graphic language. Pornographers placed an X rating on their films to emphasize the adult content. Some even started using multiple X's (i.e. XX, XXX, etc.) to give the impression that their film contained more graphic sexual content than the simple X rating.

Thematic Elements highlights elements of a film that do not fit into the traditional categories such as violence, sex, drug use and language, but may involve some degree of objectionable content. Propaganda.

Ratings - Feedback - Observer Errors 

Nielsen Ratings are the audience measurement systems to determine the audience size and composition of television programming in the United States.

Parents Television Council - Motion Picture Association of America (MPAA)

Motion Picture Production Code, or Hays Code, was the set of industry moral guidelines that was applied to most United States motion pictures released by major studios from 1930 to 1968.

Could you Censor something that's Derogatory, Unflattering, Controversial, Inflammatory and Enabling without infringing on Freedom of Speech?

What is Sci-Fi Violence? - Violence (crimes)

Parental Advisory was a response to students not being educated enough in schools, thus they needed a warning label to compensate for their ignorance, an ignorance they should not have. So Parental Advisory did not fix our dumbed down education system, it only made people more aware of how inadequate our education system is.

Parental Advisory is a warning label introduced by the Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA) in 1985 and adopted by the British Phonographic Industry (BPI) in 2011. It is placed on audio recordings in recognition of profanity or inappropriate references, with the intention of alerting parents of material potentially unsuitable for children. The label was first affixed on physical 33 1/3 rpm records, compact discs and cassette tapes, and it has been included on digital listings offered by online music stores. Recordings with the Parental Advisory label are often released alongside a censored version that reduces or eliminates the questionable material. Several retailers will distribute both versions of the product, occasionally with an increased price for the censored version, while some sellers offer the amended pressing as their main options and choose not to distribute the explicit counterpart. However, the label has been described as ineffective in limiting the inappropriate material to which young audiences are exposed.

Parents Music Resource Center was an American committee formed in 1985 with the stated goal of increasing parental control over the access of children to music deemed to have violent, drug-related or sexual themes via labeling albums with Parental Advisory stickers. In August 1985, 19 record companies agreed to put "Parental Guidance: Explicit Lyrics" labels on albums to warn consumers of explicit lyrical content. Before the labels could be put into place, the Senate agreed to hold a hearing on so-called "porn rock". The hearing was held on September 19, 1985, when representatives from the PMRC, three musicians —Dee Snider, Frank Zappa, John Denver— and Senators Paula Hawkins, Al Gore, and others testified before the Senate Commerce, Science and Transportation Committee on "the subject of the content of certain sound recordings and suggestions that recording packages be labeled to provide a warning to prospective purchasers of sexually explicit or other potentially offensive content.

#8:Twisted Sister vs. PMRC - 10 Most Controversial Moments in Metal on Metal Injection (youtube)
Dee Snider's PMRC Senate Hearing Speech (Full) (youtube)
Frank Zappa at PMRC Senate Hearing on Rock Lyrics (youtube)

A Relaxed Attitude does not mean Acceptable or Understandable. All movies, images and stories can have profound effects on people. Movie Ratings do not define dangerous material and their effects, they only categorize material. An Adult Theme does not imply that it is suitable or that it is without danger, no matter what the persons age. Freedom of Expression has many Responsibilities.

When it comes to film editing and censoring the only reliable filter known to humans is the Human Brain. Whether you're editing out images that you feel are to hazardous to people, or you want to make the film suitable for younger people, you're wasting time and you're not really protecting anyone, because the only real protection people have is knowledge and information that would allow a person to correctly analyze images without being exploited or influenced in some perverted way. People have the right to edit, but people who edit to exploit peoples ignorance for money, is just ignorant. But I would like to see a study where people see the edited version first then the unedited version next to see if they notice any difference and if they prefer to see more graphic imagery. And you wonder why Media Literacy is so important. Clean Edited Movies is a Joke. So knock yourself out Clear Play. You can only Sanitization so much in this world, that is why Censorship is a failure. What ever happened to the V-Chip?

Whitewashing in Film is a casting practice in the film industry of the United States in which white actors are cast in historically non-white character roles. The film industry has a history of frequently casting white actors for roles about non-white characters. By downplaying the roles that such figures have had in cultural events, the practice is seen as a form of censorship analogous to the whitewashing of criticism.

Bad TV

Artistic License refers to the deviation from fact or form for artistic purposes. It can include alteration of the conventions of grammar or language, or the rewording of pre-existing text. The artistic license may also refer to the ability of an artist to apply smaller distortions, such as a poet ignoring some of the minor requirements of grammar for poetic effect. Artistic license is often referred to as dramatic license when it involves the glamorization of real-world occupations for the sake of exciting television or cinematic experience. Artistic license often provokes controversy by offending those who resent the reinterpretation of cherished beliefs or previous works. Critical voices are sometimes raised when artistic license is applied to cinematic and other depictions of real historical events. While slight manipulation for dramatic effect of chronology and character traits are generally accepted, some critics feel that depictions that present a significantly altered reality are irresponsible, particularly because many viewers and readers do not know the actual events and may thus take the dramatized depiction to be true to reality. (cinematic license).



Closing Credits


When I read the Closing Credits after a Movie I am truly amazed to see all the people that were involved in making the movie. If all those people got together just to make a movie just think if they all got together to help people. Maybe we should make a movie called Life. It will be a huge production about how the Human Race finally Worked Together to do what’s right. I would like to see that movie. There's already a song for the movie. The greatest thing about DVD's is the extra information that comes on the DVD called Special Bonus Features, which include discussions with the director about how the movie was made. It makes you want to learn more about the movie, instead of just walking away and having very little knowledge about the movie itself. Deconstructing a movie is necessary if you want to enjoy the full experience.

We can solve most of the worlds problems if we just use some of the same people who make movies. Procedures.

Film Making is the process of making a film. Filmmaking involves a number of discrete stages including an initial story, idea, or commission, through screenwriting, casting, shooting, sound recording and reproduction, editing, and screening the finished product before an audience that may result in a film release and exhibition. Filmmaking takes place in many places around the world in a range of economic, social, and political contexts, and using a variety of technologies and cinematic techniques. Typically, it involves a large number of people, and can take from a few months to several years to complete. Development: the script is written and formatted into a workable guide. Pre-Production: preparing for filming, the film crew and cast are hired, locations re chosen, and the sets are built. Production: the film is made in it's entirety. Post Production: the film is edited, music and sound effects are added. Distribution: the film is released and shown to the public. Film Making Tools.

Screenwriter is a writer who practices the craft of screenwriting, writing screenplays on which mass media, such as films, television programs and video games, are based.

Producer fills a variety of roles depending upon the type of producer. Either employed by a production company or independent, producers plan and coordinate various aspects of film production, such as selecting script, coordinating writing, directing and editing, and arranging financing. During the "discovery stage", the producer has to find and acknowledge promising material. Then, unless the film is supposed to be based on an original script, the producer has to find an appropriate screenwriter.

Film Studio is a production and film distributor that releases a substantial number of films annually and consistently commands a significant share of box office revenue in a given market.

Director is a person who directs the making of a film. Generally, a film director controls a film's artistic and dramatic aspects, and visualizes the script while guiding the technical crew and actors in the fulfillment of that vision. The director has a key role in choosing the cast members, production design, and the creative aspects of filmmaking. Under European Union law, the director is viewed as the author of the film. Directors are the primary person responsible for the storytelling, creative decisions and acting of the film. A director is one who makes the scenes of a film come to life. The 1st Assistant Director is in charge of basically running the set.

Pre-Production is the process of fixing some of the elements involved in a film, play, or other performance. There are three parts in a production: pre-production, production, and post-production. Pre-production ends when the planning ends and the content starts being produced.

Film Crew is a group of people, hired by a production company, for the purpose of producing a film or motion picture. The crew is distinguished from the cast as the cast are understood to be the actors who appear in front of the camera or provide voices for characters in the film.

Production Assistant or PA, is a member of the film crew and is a job title used in filmmaking and television for a person responsible for various aspects of a production. The job of a PA can vary greatly depending on the budget and specific requirements of a production as well as whether the production is unionized. Production assistants on films are sometimes attached to individual actors or filmmakers.

Film Worker is a 2017 American documentary film about Leon Vitali, a successful British actor who gave up his acting career to work for decades as Kubrick’s assistant. Vitali played a crucial role behind-the-scenes helping Kubrick make incredible movies and also maintain and preserving all of his films.

How Many People work on a Hollywood Film?

Motion Picture Credits acknowledge all staff members that were involved in the production. While opening credits will usually display only the major positions in a production's cast and crew (such as creators, producers, and lead actors).

Only 1 film had over 3,000 credits, Iron Man 3 had 3,310 crew members. 13 films credited between 2,000 – 2,999 people. 133 films credited between 1,000 – 1,999 people. 287 films credited between 500 – 999 people. 566 films credited under 500 people. The average number of crew credits in the top 1,000 films between 1994 and 2013 was 588.

Movie with the most Extras, was Richard Attenborough's Gandhi, which had 300,000 extras for the key funeral scene, two-thirds were volunteers, while the remainder were paid a small fee. The scene was shot on the day of the 33rd anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi’s death, which explains the huge numbers, but the final scene still only ran to 125 seconds.

I would like to see the credits at the end of the movie have links to the persons name because you cannot explain how a person contributed to a film just by showing their name. So as you see the credits scroll you can pause the DVD and find out more about the person who contributed to the film, and also, what lead them to this point in their life.

The Making of and the Distribution of one particular film supported 13,000 jobs and involved 100's of 1,000's of work hours.

Props or Theatrical Property is an object used on stage or on screen by actors during a performance or screen production. In practical terms, a prop is considered to be anything movable or portable on a stage or a set, distinct from the actors, scenery, costumes, and electrical equipment. Consumable food items appearing in the production are also considered props.

Director's Cut is an edited version of a film (or television episode, music video, commercial, or video game) that is supposed to represent the director's own approved edit. 'Cut' explicitly refers to the process of film editing; in preparing a film for release, the director's cut is preceded by the assembly and rough editor's cut and usually followed by the final cut meant for the public film release. Director's cuts of film are not generally released to the public, because on most films the director does not have a final cut privilege. The production company, distributors, and/or studio (anybody with money invested in the film) can impose changes that they think will make the film profit more at the box office. This sometimes means a happier ending or less ambiguity, or excluding scenes that would earn a more audience-restricting rating, but more often means that the film is simply shortened to provide more screenings per day. With the rise of home video, the phrase became more generically used as a marketing term (including things such as comic books and music albums, neither of which actually have directors), and the most commonly seen form of director's cut is a cut where extra scenes and characters are added in, often making the director's cut considerably longer than the final cut. The Theatrical Cut is the version of the film that was shown at cinemas. The Director's Cut is the version edited by the Director, usually for additional home media releases. An Extended Cut is usually any version of the film which is longer than the theatrical cut (though in very rare cases, its shorter).

Extra Features on DVD's. A significant selling point of DVD Video is that the storage capacity allows for a wide variety of extra, or bonus, features in addition to the feature film. These extra features can include audio commentary; documentary features, commonly about the making of the main title; interviews; deleted footage; outtakes; photo galleries; storyboards; isolated music scores; trivia text commentary; simple games; film shorts; TV spots; radio spots; theatrical trailers which were used to promote the main title; and teaser trailers advertising related movies or DVDs. Extra features often provide entertainment or add depth and understanding to the film. Games, bloopers, and galleries provide entertainment. Deleted scenes and alternative endings allow the audience to view additional content which was not included in a theatrical release. Directors cuts allow the audience to see how the director envisioned the main title without the constraints which are placed on a theatrical release. Other extras that can be included on DVDs are motion menus, still pictures, up to 32 selectable subtitles, seamless branching for multiple storylines, up to 9 camera angles, and DVD-ROM / data files that can be accessed on a computer. Extra features require additional storage space, which often means encoding the main title with lower than possible data rate to fit both the main title and the extras on one disc. Lower data rate may decrease visual and sound quality, which manifests itself in various compression artifacts. To maintain quality the main title and the extras may be released on several discs, or the extras may be omitted completely like in the "Superbit" line of DVDs. Movies that Educate.

Why are most Movie Trailers never that accurate? It's like the people who create movie trailers never even watched the movie?


What if your Life was made into a Movie


Who would you want to tell your story? Who would do the Casting? Who would be the Director of your movie? Did you play the staring Role or did someone else? Were you playing a part in someone else's movie? How would you describe your Character? Were you playing yourself or did you create your own Character? Were there any Cameo Appearances? Did your movie have a lot of Extras? Who was the Supporting Actor? Who would be in your Credits? What kind of Rating would your movie have? Is life just a Screen Test? When was the Audition?

The story, all names, characters, and incidents portrayed in this life are fictitious. No identification with actual persons living or deceased, places, buildings, and products is intended or should be inferred.

All Persons Fictitious Disclaimer states that the persons portrayed in a movie are not based on real people and the names of fictional characters should not be confused with real life people.

Season Finale is the final episode of a season of a television program. This is often the final episode to be produced for a few months or longer, and, as such, will try to attract viewers to continue watching when the series begins again. A season finale may contain a cliffhanger ending to be resolved in the next season. Alternatively, a season finale could bring storylines to a close, "going out on a high" and similarly maintaining interest in the series' eventual return. (No Happy Ending, No Sad Ending, just one ending out of thousands of possible endings).

What if Life was a Simulation?

Co-Produce is to produce something jointly with others or participate in a collaboration. To produce a creative work together with someone else. To be apart of a group of producers who work together on a coproduction with two or more organizations or people.

When the Filming is Ready to Begin, the first thing the director will say is "Quiet on the Set", then you will hear, "Roll Camera," then you might hear specific cues shouted out for animatronics, visual effects coordinators. Then the director will call out "Marker," "Mark," or "Slate". A clapperboard is a device used in filmmaking and video production to assist in synchronizing of picture and sound, and to designate and mark the various scenes and takes as they are filmed and audio-recorded. It is operated by the clapper loader. And then the director calls "Action." And the reason they call action, is because it is now at this point that the action in the scene begins - All the things that need to be moving when the shot starts will get their cue here. To say "Begin" or "Start" can be confusing, because there are multiple moving parts that need to start or begin, not just the action on scene. When a Director says "Cut",  it means that the shot is done, and that cameras and audio should stop recording and actors don't need to continue. This lets everyone know the take is finished and resets can begin. “Cut” lets the actors know that they can break character and receive direction from the director. Cut can also mean that the film would be cut and then spliced together with the next scene.

In Life there is no director that says "Cut". In reality you can't stop time, so the scene continues. There is no pause button, unless there's an option. The only do over or second take is when you learn from your mistakes and you effectively express that knowledge in the next appropriate scene. Action!



Stories - Story Telling


Storytelling is the social and cultural activity of sharing stories, often with improvisation, theatrics, or embellishment. Stories or narratives have been shared in every culture as a means of entertainment, education, cultural preservation and instilling moral values. Crucial elements of stories and storytelling include plot, characters and narrative point of view. The term 'storytelling' is used in a narrow sense to refer specifically to oral storytelling and also in a looser sense to refer to techniques used in other media to unfold or disclose the narrative of a story. Two Sides to a Story.

Virtual Reality Story Telling - Autobiography - Folklore - Fiction - History - Acting

Tale is a message that tells the particulars of an act or occurrence or course of events that are presented in writing or drama or cinema or as a radio or television program. Fairytales.

Human Interest Story is a feature story that discusses a person, or people, or a companion animal in an emotional way. It presents people and their problems, concerns, or achievements in a way that brings about interest, sympathy or motivation in the reader or viewer. Human interest stories may be "the story behind the story" about an event, organization, or otherwise faceless historical happening, such as about the life of an individual soldier during wartime, an interview with a survivor of a natural disaster, a random act of kindness or profile of someone known for a career achievement. A study published in the American Behavioural Scientist illustrates that human interest stories are furthermore often used in the news coverage of irregular immigration, although the frequency differs from country to country. Human interest stories are sometimes criticized as being soft news or manipulative and acting like sensationalistic programming. Major human interest stories are presented with a view to entertain the readers or viewers while informing them. Although this could be considered a strategy, it has been referenced as a successful method of persuasion. Terry Morris, an early proponent of the genre, said she took "considerable license with the facts that are given to me."

Common Narrative Structures of a story are linear with the beginning, middle, and end happening in chronological order. When writing a story for entertainment purposes, try to immerse your audience in a story. Give the overall purpose of the story, like people, place and plot. What is the main point of the story and what is the perspective of the author? What is the dramatic question? Tell a personal story. Give a point of view. Create suspense. Bring characters to life. Show, but don't tell. Build up to a S.T.A.R. moment or Something They'll Always Remember. End with a positive takeaway.

Journalism - People Watching

Stories can be Timeless, meaning that some stories will always relate to people on some level no matter when or where they here that story. A Timeless Story written hundreds of years ago can still be relevant today and can be just as good or true now as when it was created.

Tell a Story (wkihow) - Writing Tips - Word Processing Software

A Story can have Many Different Versions that can take the listener in different directions, which can be understood in different ways. Sometimes stories touch on different subjects not related to the story. Though a writer usually creates one possible outcome made from a particular set of decisions, this does not necessarily say that those are the same decisions that you would make, or the same decisions that other people would make. You might like the story, but the reasons why you like or don't like the story can be different from person to person. So you have to ask yourself how valuable is this story when compared to other stories of the same type? You don't want to tell a person what stories they should listen to or how many times they should listen to a particular story. People tell stories for different reasons. So it's good to know why the person is telling you this story? You could easily misunderstand a story and be mislead. And a story might not provide you with the information that you need. So a story can never be clearly defined on its own. A story can only have meaning when the story is discussed among people who can express their personal interpretations openly and honestly. Then and only then does the true story unfold."..Now that's story, a story about a story where you learn about telling a story, time to call Howiewood...

Narrative is the telling of a story that may be partly true or just imagined or fictitious in order to deceive the listener. A narrative is a report of connected events, real or imaginary, presented in a sequence of written or spoken words, or still or moving images, or both. The word derives from the Latin verb narrare, "to tell", which is derived from the adjective gnarus, "knowing" or "skilled". Narrative is a message that communicates the facts and details of an act or of an occurrence or course of events. Information that is presented in writing, video or as an audio recording of words being spoken. Modes - Hyperbolic - Rhetoric.

Narration is the use of a written or spoken commentary to convey a story to an audience. Narration encompasses a set of techniques through which the creator of the story presents their story, including: Narrative Point of View: the perspective (or type of personal or non-personal "lens") through which a story is communicated. Narrative Voice: the format (or type presentational form) through which a story is communicated. Narrative Time: the grammatical placement of the story's time-frame in the past, the present, or the future. Carol Meier is a Narrator for Professional film, television, documentary, and general narration.

Personal Narrative is a prose narrative relating personal experience usually told in first person; its content is nontraditional. "Personal" refers to a story from one's life or experiences. "Nontraditional" refers to literature that does not fit the typical criteria of a narrative. The tales we tell hold powerful sway over our memories, behaviors and even identities. False Narrative is worrying or speculating about something unpleasant happening that may never occur, or something that is not true. Stories are recognizable patterns, and in those patterns we find meaning. We use stories to make sense of our world and to share that understanding with others. They are the signal within the noise. So powerful is our impulse to detect story patterns that we see them even when they're not there. The Stories We Tell Ourselves.

Monologue is a dramatic speech by a single actor. A long utterance by one person. Monologue is a long speech by one actor in a play or movie, or as part of a theatrical or broadcast program. Monologue is a speech presented by a single character, most often to express their mental thoughts aloud, though sometimes also to directly address another character or the audience. Inner Monologue (speech you make to yourself). Greatest Acting Monologues Of All Time PART 1 (youtube).

Dialogue are the lines spoken by characters in drama or fiction. A literary composition in the form of a conversation between two people. A conversation between two persons. A discussion or negotiation intended to produce an agreement.

Playwright is a person who writes plays, which is a form of literature written by a playwright, usually consisting of dialogue between characters, intended for theatrical performance rather than just reading. Plays are performed at a variety of levels, from Broadway, Off-Broadway, regional theater, to community theatre, as well as university or school productions.

Screenwriting is the art and craft of writing scripts for mass media such as feature films, television productions or video games. It is frequently a freelance profession.

Setting can be a real time period and geographical location or a fictional world and unfamiliar time period. Setting also includes the physical landscape, climate, weather, and the societal and cultural surroundings that serve as a backdrop for the action. Setting is revealed through the exposition of a story.

Exposition is an account that sets forth the meaning or the intent of a writing or discourse. A systematic interpretation or explanation of a specific topic, in writing or visually.

Author is someone who originates something or causes something or initiates something, usually in the form of writing that expresses ideas using words. A writer of a book, article, or report.

Why theater is essential to democracy: Oskar Eustis (video and text) - Shakespeare.

Thespis was the first person ever to appear on stage as an actor playing a character in a play (instead of speaking as him or herself). In other sources, he is said to have introduced the first principal actor in addition to the chorus.

Shakespeare in the Park (New York City) is a theatrical program that stages productions of Shakespearean plays at the Delacorte Theater, an open-air theater in New York City's Central Park. The theater and the productions are managed by the Public Theater and tickets are distributed free of charge on the day of the performance. Originally branded as the New York Shakespeare Festival (NYSF) under the direction of Joseph Papp, the institution was renamed in 2002 as part of a larger reorganization by the Public Theater.

Pathos represents an appeal to the emotions of the audience, and elicits feelings that already reside in them. Pathos is a communication technique used most often in rhetoric (where it is considered one of the three modes of persuasion, alongside ethos and logos), and in literature, film and other narrative art. Emotional appeal can be accomplished in a multitude of ways: By a metaphor or storytelling, commonly known as a hook. By passion in the delivery of the speech or writing, as determined by the audience. Personal anecdote or short account of an incident (especially a biographical one).

Dramatic Structure is the structure of a dramatic work such as a play or film. Many scholars have analyzed dramatic structure, beginning with Aristotle in his Poetics (c. 335 BCE). This article focuses primarily on Gustav Freytag's analysis of ancient Greek and Shakespearean drama.

Transmedia Storytelling is the technique of telling a single story or story experience across multiple platforms and formats using current digital technologies, not to be confused with traditional cross-platform media franchises, sequels, or adaptations.

Open Letter is a letter that is intended to be read by a wide audience, or a letter intended for an individual, but that is nonetheless widely distributed intentionally. Open letters usually take the form of a letter addressed to an individual but provided to the public through newspapers and other media, such as a letter to the editor or blog. Especially common are critical open letters addressed to political leaders.

Moral of a Story is a message that is conveyed or a lesson to be learned from a story or an event. A moral is defined as a principle that governs right and wrong or the lesson of a fable.

Story within a Story is a literary device in which one character within a narrative narrates. Exposition.

Nested Story or inner stories are told either simply to entertain or more usually to act as an example to the other characters. In either case the story often has symbolic and psychological significance for the characters in the outer story. There is often some parallel between the two stories, and the fiction of the inner story is used to reveal the truth in the outer story. The literary device of stories within a story dates back to a device known as a frame story, when the outer story does not have much matter and most of the bulk of the work consists of one or more complete stories told by one or more storytellers.

Film within a Film- Singin' in the Rain (wiki). - Words Can Have Two Meanings.

Iceberg Theory is when only a small part of what is actually happening in a story is visible, like when only a small part of an iceberg is visible above water. Ernest Hemingway (wiki).

Frame Story is a literary technique that sometimes serves as a companion piece to a story within a story, whereby an introductory or main narrative is presented, at least in part, for the purpose of setting the stage either for a more emphasized second narrative or for a set of shorter stories. The frame story leads readers from a first story into another, smaller one (or several ones) within it. Film Styles.

Backstory is a set of events invented for a plot, presented as preceding and leading up to that plot. It is a literary device of a narrative history all chronologically earlier than the narrative of primary interest. Two Sides to a Story.

Prequel is a literary, dramatic or cinematic work whose story precedes that of a previous work, by focusing on events that occur before the original narrative. A prequel is a work that forms part of a backstory to the preceding work.

Metatextuality is a form of intertextual discourse in which one text makes critical commentary on another text.

Visual Novel also known as a sound novel, is an interactive game, featuring mostly static graphics, most often using anime-style art or occasionally live-action stills (and sometimes video footage). As the name might suggest, they resemble mixed-media novels.

Story Circle is a screenwriting technique or a storytelling framework. The story circle can supposedly be applied to all stories
The circle is divided into eight segments, each representing a stage of the plot. A character is introduced, wants something, enters a new environment, adapts to that environment, achieves their goal but encounters problems as a result, leaves that world and changes as a result. The steps are as follows: A character is in a zone of comfort or familiarity. They desire something. They enter an unfamiliar situation. They adapt to that situation. They get that which they wanted. They pay a heavy price for it. They return to their familiar situation. They have changed as a result of the journey.

Story Theory is the study of the practices and possibilities of story. It is derived from observation of, and involves hypothetical speculation about how writers make stories. In other words, story theory is all about analyzing the existing body of literature to find its patterns and rhythms.

Short Story is a piece of prose fiction that typically can be read in one sitting and focuses on a self-contained incident or series of linked incidents, with the intent of evoking a "single effect" or mood. The short story is a crafted form in its own right. Short stories make use of plot, resonance, and other dynamic components as in a novel, but typically to a lesser degree. While the short story is largely distinct from the novel or novella/short novel, authors generally draw from a common pool of literary techniques. Short story writers may define their works as part of the artistic and personal expression of the form. They may also attempt to resist categorization by genre and fixed formation. Short stories have deep roots and the power of short fiction has been recognized in modern society for hundreds of years.

Prologue is an opening to a story that establishes the context and gives background details, often some earlier story that ties into the main one, and other miscellaneous information.

Introduction in writing is a beginning section which states the purpose and goals of the following writing. This is generally followed by the body and conclusion.

Epigraph in literature is a phrase, quotation, or poem that is set at the beginning of a document or component. The epigraph may serve as a preface, as a summary, as a counter-example, or to link the work to a wider literary canon, either to invite comparison or to enlist a conventional context. In a book, it is part of the front matter.

Climax as a narrative or turning point of a narrative work is its point of highest tension and drama, or it is the time when the action starts during which the solution is given. The climax of a story is a literary element.

Epilogue is a piece of writing at the end of a work of literature, usually used to bring closure to the work. It is presented from the perspective of within the story. When the author steps in and speaks indirectly to the reader, that is more properly considered an afterword. The opposite is a prologue—a piece of writing at the beginning of a work of literature or drama, usually used to open the story and capture interest.

Plot is the main events of a play, novel, movie, or similar work, devised and presented by the writer as an interrelated sequence. Plot can also mean a Plan made in Secret by a group of people to do something illegal or harmful. A story within a story. Plot as a narrative refers to the sequence of events inside a story which affect other events through the principle of cause and effect. The causal events of a plot can be thought of as a series of sentences linked by "and so". Plots can vary from simple structures such as in a traditional ballad to complex interwoven structures sometimes referred to as an imbroglio. The term plot can serve as a verb and refer to a character planning future actions in the story. In the narrative sense, the term highlights the important points which have important consequences within the story, according to Ansen Dibell. The term is similar in meaning to the term Storyline.

Plot Drift is a phenomenon in storytelling in which the plot of the story deviates from its apparent initial direction.

Plot Hole or plot error is a gap or inconsistency in a storyline that goes against the flow of logic established by the story's plot. Plot Hole is a gap or inconsistency in a storyline that goes against the flow of logic established by the story's plot. Such inconsistencies include such things as illogical or impossible events, and statements or events that contradict earlier events in the storyline. The term is more loosely also applied to "loose ends" in a plot – side-lined story elements that remain unresolved by the end of the plot.

Seven Basic Plots: Rise - Rise and Fall - Rise, Fall and Rise again - Fall and Rise - Fall.

7 Common Story Plot Archetypes: Overcoming the Monster - Rags to Riches - The Quest - Voyage and Return - Comedy - Tragedy - Rebirth.

Archetype is a a very typical example of a certain person or thing. An original that has been imitated.

12 different Jungian Archetypes: The Ego Types - The Innocent - The Orphan/Regular Guy or Gal - The Hero - The Caregiver. The Soul Types - The Explorer - The Rebel - The Lover - The Creator. The Self Types: The Jester - The Sage - The Magician - The Ruler.

Hero's Journey is the common template of a broad category of tales and lore that involves a hero who goes on an adventure, and in a decisive crisis wins a victory, and then comes home changed or transformed. Departure or Separation, Initiation and Return. In the departure part of the narrative, the hero or protagonist lives in the ordinary world and receives a call to go on an adventure. The hero is reluctant to follow the call, but is helped by a mentor figure. The initiation section begins with the hero then traversing the threshold to an unknown or "special world", where he faces tasks or trials, either alone or with the assistance of helpers. The hero eventually reaches "the innermost cave" or the central crisis of his adventure, where he must undergo "the ordeal" where he overcomes the main obstacle or enemy, undergoing "apotheosis" and gaining his reward (a treasure or "elixir"). The hero must then return to the ordinary world with his reward. He may be pursued by the guardians of the special world, or he may be reluctant to return, and may be rescued or forced to return by intervention from the outside. In the return section, the hero again traverses the threshold between the worlds, returning to the ordinary world with the treasure or elixir he gained, which he may now use for the benefit of his fellow man. The hero himself is transformed by the adventure and gains wisdom or spiritual power over both worlds.

Protagonist is the principal character in a work of fiction who is at the center of the story, makes the key decisions, and experiences the consequences of those decisions. The protagonist is the primary agent propelling the story forward, and is often the character who faces the most significant obstacles. If a story contains a subplot, or is a narrative made up of several stories, then each subplot may have its own protagonist. The protagonist is the character whose fate is most closely followed by the reader or audience, and who is opposed by the antagonist. The antagonist will provide obstacles and complications and create conflicts that test the protagonist, and revealing the strengths and weaknesses of the protagonist's character. Activism.

Role Reversal is one of the psychodrama techniques that demonstrate a protagonist's intrapersonal conflicts deeply and explicitly on the stage. This technique is perhaps the single most important and effective technique in psychodrama. In the form of psychodrama, the protagonist is invited to move out of his own position or role into the significant other's position and enact that role. Therefore, the auxiliary ego can observe and learn how to play the role. For example, in a parent-child's session, a protagonist who is the child reverses role with one of his or her parents. This technique not only helps the protagonist get more insight of a specific role but also helps the director, the auxiliary egos, and the audience learn more about that specific role.

Stock Character is a stereotypical fictional character in a work of art such as a novel, play, or a film who audiences recognize from frequent recurrences in a particular literary tradition. Stock characters are archetypal characters distinguished by their flatness. As a result, they tend to be easy targets for parody and to be criticized as clichés. The presence of a particular array of stock characters is a key component of many genres. The point of the stock character is to move the story along by allowing the audience to already understand the character. ( The Insincere Man - The Flatterer - The Garrulous Man - The Boor - The Complacent Man - The Man without Moral Feeling - The Talkative Man - The Fabricator - The Shamelessly Greedy Man - The Pennypincher - The Offensive Man - The Hapless Man - The Officious Man - The Absent-Minded Man - The Unsociable Man - The Superstitious Man - The Faultfinder - The Suspicious Man - The Repulsive Man - The Unpleasant Man - The Man of Petty Ambition - The Stingy Man - The Show-Off - The Arrogant Man - The Coward - The Oligarchical Man - The Late Learner - The Slanderer - The Lover of Bad Company - The Basely Covetous Man). What if Your Life was made into a Movie?

Walk-On is a person who plays a small nonspeaking part in a play or film, or the part itself.

Walk-On in sports is an athlete who becomes part of a team without being recruited beforehand or awarded an athletic scholarship. This results in the differentiation between "walk-on" players and "scholarship" players. Often walk-on athletes are relegated to the scout team, and may not even be placed on the official depth chart or traveling team. However, there are occasions, sometimes well publicized, where a walk-on will become a noted member of his or her team.

Fantasy Tropes are a specific type of literary tropes that occur in fantasy fiction. Worldbuilding, plot, and characterization have many common conventions, many of them ultimately originated with, myth and folklore. J. R. R. Tolkien's legendarium (and in particular, The Lord of the Rings) for example, was inspired from a variety of different sources including Germanic, Finnish, Greek, Celtic and Slavic myths. Literary fantasy works operate using these tropes, while others use them in a revisionist manner, making the tropes over for various reasons such as for comic effect, and to create something fresh (a method that often generates new clichés). List of Science Fiction Themes (wiki) - Fantasy Trope Categories (wiki) - (lies, fibs, concoction, trumped-up story, fake news, untruth, falsehood, fantasy, illusion, sham, nonsense).

Trope is the use of figurative language, via word, phrase or an image, for artistic effect such as using a figure of speech. The word trope has also come to be used for describing commonly recurring literary and rhetorical devices, motifs or clichés in creative works.

Canon in fiction is the material accepted as officially part of the story in an individual universe of that story. It is often contrasted with, or used as the basis for, works of fan fiction. The alternative terms mythology, timeline, universe and continuity are often used, with the first of these being used especially to refer to a richly detailed fictional canon requiring a large degree of suspension of disbelief (e.g. an entire imaginary world and history), while the latter two typically refer to a single arc where all events are directly connected chronologically. Other times, the word can mean "to be acknowledged by the creator(s)".

Storytelling as a Teaching Method (deconstruct)

Continuity in fiction is consistency of the characteristics of people, plot, objects, and places seen by the reader or viewer over some period of time. It is relevant to several media.

Snowflake Method is that you pen first the heart or core of your novel, so the rest can expand from here. From here, you flesh out, building out to key milestones in plot, profiling how each main character views the story, and so on, and so on – until you're ready to start.

Writer is a person who uses written words in different styles and techniques to communicate ideas. Writers produce different forms of literary art and creative writing such as novels, short stories, books, poetry, plays, screenplays, teleplays, songs, and essays as well as other reports and news articles that may be of interest to the public. Writers' texts are published across a range of media. Skilled writers who are able to use language to express ideas well, often contribute significantly to the cultural content of a society. The term "writer" is also used elsewhere in the arts and music – such as songwriter or a screenwriter – but as a standalone "writer" normally refers to the creation of written language. Some writers work from an oral tradition. Writers can produce material across a number of genres, fictional or non-fictional. Other writers use multiple media – for example, graphics or illustration – to enhance the communication of their ideas. Another recent demand has been created by civil and government readers for the work of non-fictional technical writers, whose skills create understandable, interpretive documents of a practical or scientific kind. Some writers may use images (drawing, painting, graphics) or multimedia to augment their writing. In rare instances, creative writers are able to communicate their ideas via music as well as words. As well as producing their own written works, writers often write on how they write (that is, the process they use); why they write (that is, their motivation); and also comment on the work of other writers (criticism). Writers work professionally or non-professionally, that is, for payment or without payment and may be paid either in advance (or on acceptance), or only after their work is published. Payment is only one of the motivations of writers and many are not paid for their work. The term writer is often used as a synonym of author, although the latter term has a somewhat broader meaning and is used to convey legal responsibility for a piece of writing, even if its composition is anonymous, unknown or collaborative.

Co-Writer is a person who writes something together with another person.

Ghostwriter is hired to write literary or journalistic works, speeches or other texts that are officially credited to another person as the author. Celebrities, executives, participants in timely news stories, and political leaders often hire ghostwriters to draft or edit autobiographies, memoirs, magazine articles, or other written material. In music, ghostwriters are often used to write songs, lyrics and instrumental pieces. Screenplay authors can also use ghostwriters to either edit or rewrite their scripts to improve them. Usually, there is a confidentiality clause in the contract between the ghostwriter and the credited author that obligates the former to remain anonymous. Sometimes the ghostwriter is acknowledged by the author or publisher for his or her writing services, euphemistically called a "researcher" or "research assistant", but often the ghostwriter is not credited.

Book Types - Word of Mouth - About Movies - Journalism

Bias in Research Papers when people are paid to skew the facts. Front Groups.

I do not agree with everything that is portrayed in Documentaries, Movies or TV Shows. I assimilate the most logical parts of information and put them together to form an understanding. Then I write down my understandings so that I can share this information with others. Every person must learn how to recognize what information is accurate and valuable.

So what is your procedure for filtering and assimilating information? Media Literacy.

"Why do so many people watch a magician do a magic trick and know that it's magic, yet turn on the TV or radio and not know that this is also magic. You would be a fool not to know who's the magician. Everyone wants to know how the trick was done, but not everyone knows when a trick has happened. Gullible goes way beyond the obvious. Don't ever believe that you have figured it all out. And don't ever believe that you will, unless you are actively trying to do so. Take control of your life, because no one else will do it for you. And don't think that you're alone, because that is just a temporary perception of one moment in time."

Never Ending Story

"Most powerful is he who has himself in his own power." (Seneca)

"The first principle is that you must not fool yourself -- and you are the easiest person to fool." (Richard Feynman)

User Story is an informal, natural language description of one or more features of a software system. User stories are often written from the perspective of an end user or user of a system. They are often recorded on index cards, on Post-it notes, or digitally in project management software Depending on the project, user stories may be written by various stakeholders including clients, users, managers, or development team members. User stories are a type of boundary object. They facilitate sensemaking and communication; that is, they help software teams organize their understanding of the system and its context.



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The Thinker Man