Housing - Shelter - Buildings
. A place where people are cared for. A dwelling that serves as
living quarters for one or more families
Relating to or being where one lives or where one's roots are. Structures
collectively in which people are housed. A social unit living together.
where something began and flourished. A home
should be an energy generator
just an energy user
- Big 5
- More is Not Always Better
dwelling-place used as a permanent or semi-permanent residence for an
individual, family, household or several families in a tribe. It is often
a house, apartment, or other building, or alternatively a mobile home,
houseboat, yurt or any other portable shelter. A principle of
constitutional law in many countries, related to the right to privacy
enshrined in article 12 of the
UN Declaration of Human Rights
inviolability of the home as an individual's place of shelter and
Homes typically provide areas and facilities for sleeping, preparing food,
eating and hygiene. Larger groups may live in a nursing home, children's
home, convent or any similar institution. A homestead also includes
and facilities for domesticated animals. Where more
secure dwellings are not available, people may live in the informal and
sometimes illegal shacks found in slums and shanty towns. More generally,
"home" may be considered to be a geographic area, such as a
, or country. Transitory
accommodation in a treatment facility for a few weeks is not normally
considered permanent enough to replace a more stable location as 'home'.
In 2005, 100 million people worldwide
estimated to be
is ensuring that members of society have a home in
which to live, whether this is a house, or some other kind of dwelling,
lodging, or shelter.
(wiki). Affordable Housing
is the residence where you have your permanent home or principal
establishment and to where, whenever you are absent, you intend to return;
every person is compelled to have one and only one domicile at a time.
Housing that someone is living in. Make one's home in a particular place
is a place
or a building used as a home or dwelling.Dwelling
that someone is living in.
is a self-contained unit of accommodation used by one or more households
as a home - such as a house, apartment, mobile home
houseboat, vehicle, or other "substantial" structure.
is to be agreeable or
acceptable to something new. To make fit for something new, or
to suit a new
purpose. To make one thing
with another thing. Provide someone with something desired
. Provide a
or a favor for someone. To provide housing or a room for
refers to the renting of a short-term dwelling. People who travel and stay
away from home for more than a day need lodging for sleep, rest, shower,
food, safety, shelter from cold temperatures or rain, storage of luggage
and access to common household functions. Lodging is a form of the
Lodging is done in a
, inn or hostal, a private home (commercial, i.e. a
bed and breakfast
, a guest house, a vacation rental, or
non-commercially, as in certain
or in the home of friends), in a tent, caravan/campervan (often on a
campsite). Lodgings may be self-catering, whereby no food is provided, but
cooking facilities are available. Lodging is offered by an owner of real
property or a leasehold estate, including the hotel industry,
industry, real estate investment trusts, and
owner-occupancy houses. Lodging can be facilitated by an intermediary such
as a travel website.
is an agreement where a payment is made for the temporary use of a good,
service or property owned by another. A gross lease is when the tenant
pays a flat rental amount and the landlord pays for all property charges
regularly incurred by the ownership. An example of renting is equipment
rental. Renting can be an example of the sharing economy.
self-contained housing unit (a type of residential real estate) that
occupies only part of a building, generally on a single storey. There are
many names for these overall buildings, see below. The housing tenure of
apartments also varies considerably, from large-scale public housing, to
owner occupancy within what is legally a condominium (strata title or
commonhold), to tenants renting from a private landlord (see leasehold
Flat vs Apartment
type of living space similar to an apartment but independently sellable
and therefore regarded as real estate.
is a form of housing tenure where a person, called the
owner-occupier, owner-occupant, or home owner
owns the home in which they live. This home can be house, like a
single-family house, an apartment, condominium, or a housing cooperative.
In addition to providing housing, owner-occupancy also functions as a real
Quest for Home
Ownership turns Dreams into Nightmares
Predatory Rent to Own Home Programs
Because rent-to-own real estate contracts are flexible open-source
documents, there is room for scammers to take advantage of unprepared
proponents recommend consulting licensed realtors and/or
real estate lawyers for every step throughout your transaction for your
Rent to Own Homes
agreement is a contract between two parties, the lessor and the lessee.
The lessor is the legal owner of the asset; the lessee obtains the right
to use the asset in return for regular rental payments. The lessee also
agrees to abide by various conditions regarding their use of the property
or equipment. For example, a person leasing a car may agree that the car
will only be used for personal use. The narrower term rental agreement can
be used to describe a lease in which the asset is tangible property.
Language used is that the user rents the land or goods let out or rented
out by the owner. The verb to lease is less precise because it can refer
to either of these actions. Examples of a lease for intangible property
are use of a computer program (similar to a license, but with different
provisions), or use of a radio frequency (such as a contract with a
cell-phone provider). The term rental agreement is also sometimes used to
describe a periodic lease agreement (most often a month-to-month lease)
internationally and in some regions of the United States.
is a legal doctrine that designates a person's abode
or any legally occupied place (for example, a vehicle or home) as
a place in which that person has protections and
permitting one, in certain circumstances, to use force
(up to and including deadly force) to defend oneself against an intruder,
free from legal prosecution for the consequences of the force used. The
term is most commonly used in the United States, though many other
countries (see below) invoke comparable principles in their laws. A person
may have a duty to retreat to avoid violence if one can reasonably do so.
Castle doctrines lessen the duty to retreat when an individual is
assaulted within one's own home. Deadly force may either be justified, the
burdens of production and proof for charges impeded, or an affirmative
defense against criminal homicide applicable, in cases "when the actor
reasonably fears imminent peril of death or serious bodily harm to him or
herself or another". The castle doctrine is not a defined law that can be
invoked, but a set of principles which may be incorporated in some form in
many jurisdictions. Castle doctrines may not provide civil immunity, such
as from wrongful death suits, which have a much lower burden of proof.
Justifiable homicide in
which happens to occur inside one's home is distinct, as
a matter of law, from castle doctrine because the mere occurrence of
trespassing—and occasionally a subjective requirement of fear—is
sufficient to invoke the castle doctrine, the burden of proof of fact is
much less challenging than that of justifying a homicide in self-defense.
With justifiable homicide in self-defense, one generally must objectively
prove to a trier of fact, against all reasonable doubt, the intent in the
intruder's mind to commit violence or a felony. It would be a
misconception of law to infer that because a state has a justifiable
homicide in self-defense provision pertaining to one's domicile, it has a
castle doctrine protecting the estate and exonerating any duty whatsoever
to retreat therefrom. The doctrine can be misused as a pretext for
extrajudicial punishment in private spaces. The use of this legal
principle in the United States has been controversial in relation to a
number of cases in which it has been invoked, including the deaths of
Japanese exchange student Yoshihiro Hattori and Scottish businessman
Andrew de Vries.
A Man's Home is His Castle
. What more sacred, what more strongly
guarded by every holy feeling, than a man's own home? And the law of
England has so particular and tender a regard to the immunity of a man's
house, that it stiles it his castle, and will never suffer it to be
violated with immunity.Home is where the
is a saying that states that your home will always be the
place for which you feel the deepest affection, no matter where you are.
Home Is Where
The Heart Is - Elvis Presley
(youtube) - Home is where the heart is,
And my heart is anywhere you are, Anywhere you are is home. I don't need a
mansion on a hill, That overlooks the sea, Anywhere you're with me is
home. Maybe I'm a rolling stone, Who won't amount to much, But everything
that I hold dear, Is close enough to touch. For home is where the heart
is, And my heart is anywhere you are, Anywhere you are is home, Home,
home, home, home.
is an aspect of philosophy researching into the experience of built space,
and as shorthand for architectural
phenomenology, a historical architectural movement.
- Sustainable HabitatSmart Homes
(safe places to build) -
Building a Home
Blocks) - Domes
- Emergency Shelters
- Small Homes
Homeless - No Shelter - No Place to Live
is defined as living in housing that is
below the minimum standard
or lacks secure tenure.
People can be categorized as homeless if they are: living on the streets
(primary homelessness); moving between temporary shelters, including
houses of friends, family and emergency accommodation (secondary
homelessness); living in private boarding houses without a private
bathroom and/or security of tenure (tertiary homelessness.
(hidden homeless) -
- Affordable Housing
are the millions of
people who are sleeping on couches and are in temporary living
arrangements with friends or families.
Empty Homes Outnumber the Homeless 6 To 1.
There are 6 empty homes
for every homeless person in America, so homelessness is not a housing
shortage. Rents are increasing but incomes have not increased. City's
spend millions of dollars on incarcerating homeless people and harassing the
homeless when it would be a lot cheaper and less expensive just to provide
housing for the homeless. City managers allow developers to keep building
expensive housing and they also allow rents to increase, which causes more
people to become homeless. Cities are not building enough affordable
housing units, which is criminal. 3.5 Million
Americans are Homeless
and 600,000 Americans can experience
homelessness on any given night.
Why do towns and
services define Chronic Homelessness
person who has been homeless for at least a year? There are still hundreds
of homeless people in those communities who do not meet that criteria, so
why are some people considered to be housed, when in fact they are still
homeless? Towns are Cherry-Picking Data
in the same way that other criminals do, and for the same reasons, to get
money and to trick and fool
Normal Guy Goes
(youtube) - I left my car wallet and phone in a storage unit
in New Orleans to see if it is possible for an average American to work
their way out of homelessness in a city they are unfamiliar with. This
video is a video journal of my time spent on the streets in the French
Quarter of New Orleans and my efforts.
means to accept
people as they are and provide a safe, warm place of shelter for those who
may have no other option. While some shelters may require a homeless
neighbor to be sober or pass a drug test, low-barrier does not.
Renovate - Reuse - Restore
is the process of
a broken, damaged, or
outdated structure. Renovations are typically either commercial or
residential. Additionally, renovation can refer to making something new,
or bringing something back to life
and can apply in social contexts. For
example, a community
renovated if it is
and revived or healed
(reuse) - Replacement and Modernization -
upgrading of mechanical, electrical, and plumbing systems and
other code-required work to make properties functional is appropriate
within a restoration project. Culture
is upgrading heating
, ventilation and
air conditioning systems
Upgrading rooms with luxuries, such as adding gourmet features to a
kitchen or a hot tub spa to a bathroom. Increasing the capacity of
plumbing and electrical systems. Waterproofing basements.
rooms, especially bedrooms and baths. Maintenance projects can include:
Roof tear-off and replacement. Concrete and masonry repairs to the
foundation and chimney. Repainting rooms, walls or fences. Repairing
plumbing and electrical systems
. Additional living space may be added by:
Turning marginal areas into livable spaces such as turning basements into
rec-rooms, home theaters, or home offices – or attics into spare bedrooms.
Extending one's house with rooms added to the side of one's home or,
sometimes, extra levels to the original roof. Saving energy and reduce
utility costs with: Energy-efficient thermal insulation, replacement
, and lighting. Renewable energy with biomass pellet stoves,
wood-burning stoves, solar panels
, wind turbines,
, and geothermal exchange heat pumps (see autonomous building).
Emergency preparedness safety measures such as: Home fire and burglar
alarm systems. Fire sprinkler systems to protect homes from fires.
Security doors, windows, and shutters. Storm cellars as protection from
tornadoes and hurricanes. Backup generators for providing power during
something to modern
needs or habits, typically by installing modern equipment or adopting
modern ideas or methods. Advance
is to Improve what was Old or
Outdated to a Higher Quality.
is to give new life or energy to
something. To restore from a depressed, inactive, or unused state. To be
brought back to life or to regain consciousness or strength.
Harvard's newly completed 'HouseZero'
was designed to take existing
architecture and upgrade it with 100% natural ventilation, 100% natural
daylight and zero carbon emissions.
retrofit House is designed to interact with the seasons
and environment, sometimes rapidly adjusting itself to achieve comfort for
its occupants without using powered HVAC systems. The home uses a “window
actuation system” that relies upon software and room
automatically open and shut windows as the outside temperature changes,
intelligently moving air around the home to make it cooler or warmer
(through cross ventilation and convection). This process is also driven by
a “solar vent” in the basement.
U.S. buildings contribute around 40
percent of the country’s energy consumption, with housing responsible for
nearly a quarter of that use, the department reported. Property owners
reportedly dish out over $230 billion per year on heating, cooling and
powering its 113.6 million homes.
and resolution of
problems in a home, and is related to home
to avoid such problems.
is a community-based, volunteer-driven home repair program
that provides FREE repairs to low-income homeowners, thus enabling them to
remain in their homes with an improved quality of life. Currently serving
Fairfield, Hartford and New Haven Counties in Connecticut; and Westchester
County, New York. (800) 887-4673.
by replacing a part or
putting together what is torn or broken. The act of putting something in
working order again.
Electronics Right to Repair
refers to government legislation that is
intended to allow consumers
the ability to repair and modify their own
consumer electronic devices
, where otherwise the manufacturer of such
devices require the consumer to use only their offered services or void
the product's warranty.
DIY electric car made recycled parts has 380 mile range
is a meeting in which people repair household electrical and
mechanical devices, computers, bicycles, clothing, etc. They are organized
by and for local residents. Repair cafés are held at a fixed location
where tools are available and where they can fix their broken goods with
the help of volunteers. Its objectives are to reduce waste, to maintain
repair skills and to strengthen social cohesion.
is an instructional book or booklet that is supplied
with almost all technologically advanced consumer products such as
vehicles, home appliances and computer peripherals.
are the manuals provided by manufacturers which cover
the servicing, maintenance, and repair of their products.
I Fix it
is to restore by replacing a part or
putting together what is torn or broken. The act of
putting something in working order
. To make something ready or suitable or equip in advance for a
particular purpose or for some use or event. Cause to be firmly attached
or set or place definitely so as to be stable or stationary. Decide upon
definitely. To give a value.
is a repair by
adding pieces or mending by putting a patch on something. A small
contrasting part of something or a piece of cloth used as decoration or to
mend or cover a hole. Sewing that repairs a worn or torn hole in a
garment. A piece of soft material that covers and protects an injured part
of the body. To join or unite the pieces of.Disrepair
something that needs to be repaired because it's worn out, broken or old
and in poor working condition due to
something that is broken and unsalvageable to such an extent that repair
and fixing is not possible and not worth the time and effort. Something
that is not worth rescuing. Something that should be discarded and
replaced with something newer or replaced with something that is in better
was the period from 1863 to 1877 in American
history that attempted a transformation of the 11 ex-Confederate states
from 1863 to 1877. Three visions of Civil War memory appeared during
Reconstruction: the reconciliationist vision, which was rooted in coping
with the death and devastation the war had brought; the white supremacist
vision, which included terror and violence; and the emancipationist
vision, which sought full freedom, citizenship, and Constitutional
equality for African Americans. Society
appliance parts, lawn equipment parts and consumer electronic parts. We
have over 2 million repair parts and carry all major brands.
Analyzing Building Performance
of an apartment complex or
a small hotel, typically one living on the premises. A hotel employee
whose job is to assist guests by arranging tours, making theater and
restaurant reservations, etc. An employee of an apartment building, hotel,
or office building. A modern concierge may also serve as a personal
lifestyle manager, like a secretary or an adjutant.
Homes make Popping or Pinging Noises
creaking sounds as they adjust to temperature changes which causes
materials to expand or contract. Thermal expansion causes strain on the
joints and fasteners, producing all sorts of sounds, especially in wood.
As the building begins to cool back down, the reverse happens, sometimes
causing just as much noise as the long members begin to contract back down
to their original size and the joints begin to tighten back up. Same thing
happens in metal water pipes. When a material is heated, the kinetic
energy of that material increases and its atoms and molecules move about
more. This means that each atom will take up more space due to its
movement so the material will expand. Some metals expand more than others
due to differences in the forces between the atoms or molecules. The
(loss of kinetic energy) causes the metal to
vibrate. This vibration is transferred into the air, creating a pressure
(sound) wave our ears register as sound. Some of the vibration goes into
warming up the metal and the air, as the vibration increases the
temperature of each.
is an encounter between two bodies in which the
total kinetic energy
of the two bodies
remains the same. In an ideal, perfectly elastic collision, there is no
net conversion of kinetic energy into other forms such as heat, noise, or
(where to build) -
(maximize free energy)
is the status or attribution of being a lawful
permanent resident in a particular jurisdiction. A person can remain
domiciled in a jurisdiction even after he has left it, if he has
maintained sufficient links with that jurisdiction or has not displayed an
intention to leave permanently (i.e. if that person has moved to a
different state but has not yet formed an intention to remain there
indefinitely).Traditionally many common law jurisdictions considered a
person's domicile to be a determinative factor in the conflict of laws and
would, for example, only recognize a divorce conducted in another
jurisdiction if at least one of the parties were domiciled there at the
time it was conducted.
is something owned; any tangible or intangible
possession that is owned by someone. A construct whereby objects or individuals can be distinguished.
Affordable Housing - Fair Housing
sponsored economic assistance
aimed towards alleviating housing costs
for impoverished people with low to moderate incomes. Forms
of subsidies include direct housing subsidies, non-profit housing, public
housing, rent supplements, and some forms of co-operative and private
sector housing. In the United States, subsidized housing is often called
"affordable housing." There is scientific research suggesting that actions
to facilitate people's access to housing contribute to lower
mostly benefits landlords like
. Affordable Housing and Free
Education is more sustainable and fair.
Intelligent Building Design
is a form of housing tenure in which the property is
owned by a government authority, which may be central or local. Social
housing is an umbrella term referring to rental housing which may be owned
and managed by the state, by non-profit organizations, or by a combination
of the two, usually with the aim of providing affordable housing. Social
housing can also be seen as a potential remedy to housing inequality.
Although the common goal of public housing is to provide affordable
housing, the details, terminology, definitions of
and other criteria for allocation vary within different
Fair Housing Act
is a federal act in the United States intended to protect the buyer or
renter of a dwelling from seller or landlord discrimination. Its primary
prohibition makes it unlawful to refuse to sell, rent to, or negotiate
with any person because of that person's inclusion in a protected class.
The goal is a unitary housing market in which a person's background (as
opposed to financial resources) does not arbitrarily restrict access.
Calls for open housing were issued early in the twentieth century, but it
was not until after World War II that concerted efforts to achieve it were
is housing which is deemed affordable to those with a median household
Affordable Housing is undefined
. We should have Intelligent Housing. Housing not based on income, but
It's not where or how you get your money, but more importantly, it's the
measurable benefits from the services you provide.
500,000 are homeless and live on the streets on any given night in America
There are only three
neighborhoods in New York City. Around 270,000 homes are Torn Down Annually in the U.S..
Nearly 128 million residential housing units existed in the U.S.
in 2007. Approximately 7.188 million new housing units were built between 2005 and 2009.
Affordable Housing Alliance
Elderly Housing Assistance Programs
Affordable Housing and Senior Housing is not the same thing
Information for Senior Citizens
Federal Programs for Addressing Low-Income Housing Needs
Public housing developments provide affordable homes to 2.1 million
The HOPE VI Program
serves a vital role in the Department of Housing
and Urban Development's efforts to transform Public Housing.
How Singapore Fixed
Its Housing Problem
Nation’s State Housing Finance Agencies (HFAs) created the
National Council of State
Low-Income Housing Tax Credit
is a dollar-for-dollar tax credit in the
United States for affordable housing investments. It was created under
the Tax Reform Act of 1986 (TRA86) and gives incentives for the
utilization of private equity in the development of affordable housing
aimed at low-income Americans. LIHTC accounts for the majority
(approximately 90%) of all affordable rental housing created in the United
States today. As the maximum rent that can be charged is based upon the
Area Median Income ("AMI"), LIHTC housing remains unaffordable to many
low-income (<30% AMI) renters.
Overview of the
Low Income Housing Tax Credit Program
Kickback Scheme stole $34 million
from 14 tax credit projects,
including almost $2 million from Labre Place.
Per Capita Income
. Connecticut is the 4th richest state in the United
States of America with a per capita income $36,775 (2010). All data is
from the 2010 United States Census and the 2006-2010 American Community
Survey 5-Year Estimates.
Community Reinvestment Act
is intended to encourage depository
institutions to help meet the credit needs of the communities in which
they operate, including low- and moderate-income neighborhoods, consistent
with safe and sound operations. It was enacted by the Congress in 1977 (12
U.S.C. 2901) and is implemented by Regulation BB (12 CFR 228). The
regulation was substantially revised in May 1995 and updated again in
Residential Cluster Development
is the grouping of
residential properties on a development site in order to use the extra
land as open space
, recreation or
agriculture. It is increasingly becoming popular in subdivision
development because it allows the developer to spend much less on land and
obtain much the same price per unit as for detached houses. The shared
garden areas can be a source of conflict however. Claimed advantages
include more green/public space, closer community, and an optimal storm
water management. Cluster development often encounters planning
or Townhouse or Row Houses, is a form of medium-density
housing that originated in Europe in the 16th century, whereby a row of
attached dwellings share side walls. Terrace housing can be found
throughout the world, though it is in abundance in Europe and Latin
America, and extensive examples can be found in Australia and North
America. The Place des Vosges in Paris (1605–1612) is one of the early
examples of the style. Sometimes associated with the working class,
historical and reproduction terraces have increasingly become part of the
process of gentrification in certain inner-city areas.
(wiki). Smart Cities
- Factory Built Homes
Energy Efficient Homes
is the condition of homelessness without regular employment or income.
Vagrants usually live in poverty and support themselves by begging,
garbage scraping, petty theft, temporary work, or welfare (where
available). A person who experiences this condition may be referred to as
a vagrant, vagabond, rogue, tramp or drifter.
is a legal entity, usually a cooperative
or a corporation, which owns real estate, consisting of one or more
residential buildings; it is one type of housing tenure.
Why Condo's Suck
a large gathering of people sharing a
; An intentional
community of people living together, sharing common interests, often
having common values and beliefs, as well as
resources, and, in some communes, work and income and assets. In addition
to the communal economy, consensus decision-making, non-hierarchical
structures and ecological living have become important core principles for
Co-operative Living Arrangements
occur when three or
more biologically unrelated people choose to live together and share a
common residential structure. Typically, in these co-ops, several people
occupy a single dwelling unit, such as a large house, with each person (or
couple) having a private area, including a bedroom and, often, a bathroom.
In addition, the common areas of the dwelling usually include a shared
kitchen, dining room and living room plus, at times, recreation or outdoor
Multifamily Housing Council
is an intentional community of private homes clustered around shared
space. Each attached or single family home has traditional amenities,
including a private kitchen. Shared spaces typically feature a common
house, which may include a large kitchen and dining area, laundry, and
recreational spaces. Shared outdoor space may include parking, walkways,
open space, and gardens. Neighbors also share resources like tools and
Specialized Housing: La Casa Permanent Supportive Housing
is when all the residents of the entire
apartment shared the use of the hallways, kitchen (commonly known as the
"communal kitchen"), bathroom and telephone (if any). The communal
apartment became the predominant form of housing in the USSR for
generations, and examples still exist in "the most fashionable central
districts of large Russian cities".
is to provide affordable housing.
is a combination of housing and
services intended as a cost-effective way to help people live more stable,
productive lives, and is an active "community services and funding" stream
across the United States.
is a house (frequently a family home)
in which lodgers rent one or more rooms for one or more nights, and
sometimes for extended periods of weeks, months, and years. The common
parts of the house are maintained, and some services, such as laundry and
cleaning, may be supplied. They normally provide "room and board," that
is, at least some meals as well as accommodation. A "lodging house," also
known in the United States as a "rooming house," may or may not offer
meals. Lodgers legally only obtain a license to use their rooms, and not
exclusive possession, so the landlord retains the right of access.
Room and Board
describes a situation where, in
exchange for money, labor or other considerations, a person is provided
with a place to live as well as meals on a comprehensive basis.
a building primarily providing sleeping and residential quarters for large
numbers of people, often boarding school, college or university students.
is a planned residential community designed from the start to have a high
degree of social cohesion and teamwork. The members of an intentional
community typically hold a common social, political, religious, or
spiritual vision and often follow an alternative lifestyle. They typically
share responsibilities and resources. Intentional communities include
collective households, cohousing communities, coliving, ecovillages,
monasteries, communes, survivalist retreats, kibbutzim, ashrams, and
housing cooperatives. New members of an intentional community are
generally selected by the community's existing membership, rather than by
real-estate agents or land owners (if the land is not owned collectively
by the community).
are traditional or intentional communities whose goal is to become more
socially, culturally, economically and ecologically sustainable.
Ecovillages are consciously designed through locally owned, participatory
processes to regenerate and restore their social and natural environments.
of the neighborhoods that form Amsterdam Zuidoost ('Amsterdam
South-East') borough (or "stadsdeel") of Amsterdam, Netherlands. To many
people, the Bijlmer designation is used to refer to Amsterdam Zuidoost and
Diemen Zuid as a pars pro toto. The other neighbourhoods in Amsterdam
Zuidoost are Gaasperdam, Bullewijk, Venserpolder and Driemond. The
Bijlmermeer neighbourhood, which today houses almost 50,000 people of over
150 nationalities, was designed as a single project. The original
neighbourhood was designed as a series of nearly identical high-rise
buildings laid out in a hexagonal grid. The apartments were meant to
attract a suburban set, rather like condominium housing. The buildings
have several features that distinguish them from traditional Dutch
high-rise flats, such as tubular walkways connecting the flats and
garages. The blocks are separated by large green areas planted with grass
and trees. Each flat has its own garages where cars can be parked. The
Bijlmer was designed with two levels of traffic. Cars drive on the top
level, the decks of which fly over the lower level's pedestrian avenues
and bicycle paths. This separation of fast and slow moving traffic is
conducive to traffic safety. However, in recent years, the roads are once
again being flattened, so pedestrians, cycles and cars travel alongside
each other. This is a move to lessen the effects of the 'inhuman' scale of
some of the Bijlmer's designs. It is felt a direct line of sight will also
improve safety from muggers. Because of the Bijlmer's peripheral position
relative to the city centre, it was decided that metro lines would be
built connecting the Bijlmer with other neighbourhoods. The Oostlijn (east
line, comprising two lines, numbered 53 and 54) links the Bijlmer to the
Central Station of Amsterdam, while the Ringlijn links it with the port
area at Sloterdijk.
Housing and Community Development
Moshe Safdie: How to Reinvent the Apartment Building
and Affordable: New Options in Factory-Built Housing
Theaster Gates: How to Revive a Neighborhood with imagination
Beauty and Art
Energy Study InstituteU.S. Department of
Splitting the Rent Accurately
Eliminating Social Barriers
is a model community and housing complex in Montreal, Quebec,
Canada, designed by Israeli-Canadian architect Moshe Safdie. It was
originally conceived as his master's thesis in architecture at McGill
University and then built as a pavilion for Expo 67, the World's Fair held
from April to October 1967. It is located at 2600 Avenue Pierre-Dupuy on
the Marc-Drouin Quay next to the Saint Lawrence River. Habitat 67 is
widely considered an architectural landmark and one of the most
recognizable buildings in both Montreal and Canada. Habitat 67 comprises
354 identical, prefabricated concrete forms arranged in various
combinations, reaching up to 12 stories in height. Together these units
create 146 residences
of varying sizes and
configurations, each formed from one to eight linked concrete units. The
complex originally contained 158 apartments, but several apartments have
since been joined to create larger units, reducing the total number. Each
unit is connected to at least one private terrace, which can range from
approximately 20 to 90 square metres (225 to 1,000 sq ft) in size.
51.2 million people
around the world live as
and are living under forced displacement. "internally displaced
I love the
Young Shelter Box
idea, especially if you also put a
in the box. I would call it the Shelter Box with Hope,
with Hope standing for ' H
ducation '. You have to give people the
necessary information and knowledge that is needed to recover and rebuild after a
, or from any man made disaster, like
Solar Powered Flat Pack Refugee Shelters, Easily
Deployable Emergency Housing
Shigeru Ban: Emergency Shelters Made From Paper
Shigeru Ban Architects
Engineering Knowledge and Tools
Port A Bach
Refugee Wearable Dwelling
your modular segments & click them together
(youtube) - Prefab tiny
house, using cardboard as the main structural element.
is a temporary shelter
consisting of sheets of fabric or other material draped over,
attached to a frame of poles or attached to a supporting rope. While
smaller tents may be free-standing or attached to the ground, large tents
are usually anchored using guy ropes tied to stakes or tent pegs. First
used as portable homes by nomadic peoples, tents are now more often used
for recreational camping and temporary shelters.
is a camping
tent that is made entirely of cardboard.
Severe Weather Pods for Underground Emergency Shelter and
Floors for Shelters to help people stay off ground that
is prone to getting wet
Micro- Home Solutions
mHS City Lab - 100 SHELTERS Tent
Delhi Urban Shelter Improvement Board
Social Service Society
Emergency Shelter Types
Building an Emergency Shelter with Whatever You
How To Build An A-Frame Shelter
How to Build an
Terra Vivos High End Advanced Underground Shelters
Atlas Survival Shelters
is a defensive fortification designed
to protect people or valued materials from falling bombs or other attacks.
Bunkers are mostly underground, compared to blockhouses which are mostly
above ground. Bunkers can also be used as protection from
, or used as command
and control centers, or storage facilities.
De-Markies Expandable Camper
Building a Tiled Roof Hut
Learn how to transition from a temporary
to a sustainable
is 8 x 8 x 40 feet, weighs around 8,600
lbs. and Holds 3 to 10 people. (17 Million Worldwide). Around 11
million available. The inside of a used container should be stripped and
sandblasted to remove all contaminates.
High Cube shipping containers
are 9 feet 6 inches
tall on the exterior. They are 1 foot taller than standard height containers.
They are also 8 feet 6 inches wide, making them 6 inches wider than standard containers
as well. Earthquake Safety
can deliver 10,000
Top 15 Pros and
Cons of Building a Shipping Container House in 2017
Container Home That
(youtube) - Bigfoot Tiny House on Wheels is made from
a 20ft High Cube shipping
container. It has floors, walls, and roofs
that fold out from both sides of the container to triple the size of the
home from the size it travels down the road at. All of those components
are made from Light-weight R-13 rated structural insulated panels or (SIP's).
It has a 7.5 x 8ft fold-out front deck with a roof and railings over the
tongue of the trailer.
Incredible 20ft Shipping Container Home
or COR-TEN Steel
and sometimes written without the hyphen as corten steel,
is a group of steel alloys which were developed to eliminate the need for
painting, and form a stable rust-like appearance if exposed to the weather
for several years.
We can also use the same Shelter Box idea using
. Instant Homes that are up and
running with almost everything that you need to live and work.
Shipping Containers filled with food, water and
, medicine, educational material,
How to Books,
Efficient Cooking Stoves
, seeds, tools,
supplies, tents and building material. And then the same
Shipping Containers can be used as a home or put
together to build classrooms and Doctors offices.
complex built out of recycled shipping containers
, houses some of the
40,000 homeless vets.
could also be a Garden.
Shipping Container can also be used for
Indoor Hydroponic Farming
Private Sleeping Quarters
are some people who have ideas on how
Shipping Container Homes can look.
Shipping Container Homes
Shipping Container Homes
Container Home Plans
Containers 2 Clinics
Reaction Housing System Exo Shelter
Mobile home - EBS block-expandable building system block
3-IN-1 Foldable Shelter Deployment
Micro Compact Home
Seabox Containerized Shelters
Shipping Container Cabin
Refugee First Response
Shipping Container Homes Beautiful Luxury
constructed entirely from 6 recycled shipping
containers, the two-story, 2,192-square-foot structure includes three
bedrooms, an open-plan living/kitchen/dining area, office with built-in
desk, plus a steel spiral staircase that leads to a rooftop deck with
panoramic views. Location: Denver,
Colorado Price: $749,000
Everyone should have
, just incase you need to move in a hurry.
Being able to move
homes can get people closer to jobs, especially seasonal jobs. Mobile
homes can also move people during emergencies and
. We could have
fleets that will automatically move homes and
people from harms way like during floods
who are migrant farm workers
need to be mobile.Nomadic
is having no fixed home; changing
location regularly as required for work or food.
is a member of a
community without fixed habitation which regularly moves to and from the
same areas. Such groups include hunter-gatherers, pastoral nomads (owning
livestock), and tinkers or trader nomads. In the twentieth century,
population of nomadic pastoral tribes slowly decreased, reaching to an
estimated 30–40 million nomads in the world as of 1995. Nomadic hunting
and gathering—following seasonally available wild plants and game—is by
far the oldest human subsistence method. Pastoralists raise herds, driving
or accompanying in patterns that normally avoid depleting pastures beyond
their ability to recover. Nomadism is also a lifestyle adapted to
infertile regions such as steppe, tundra, or ice and sand, where mobility
is the most efficient strategy for exploiting scarce resources. For
example, many groups living in the tundra are reindeer herders and are
semi-nomadic, following forage for their animals. Sometimes also described
as "nomadic" are the various itinerant populations who move among densely
populated areas to offer specialized services (crafts or trades) to their
residents—external consultants, for example. These groups are known as
"peripatetic nomads". Emergency Shelters
Small Houses - Tiny Homes
Small House Movement
is a description for the
architectural and social movement that advocates
Singles, Couples, Small Family.
- You may need a personal loan
and special insurance. And you have to be careful of permits, regulations
and zoning rules. There are no tax breaks with owning a tiny house.
Tiny Living Festivals
Tiny House Dates
Tiny House Association
Tiny Home Builders
Tiny House Build
The Tiny Home
How to Build a Small House
Alternative Living Spaces
Cornerstone Tiny Homes
Four Lights Houses
Tiny Homes with a Big Impact
Mobile Loaves & Fishe
Quick Cheap Cube
Worlds First Tiny House Hotel
Cabin Spacey - Home Anywhere! Smart Urban Pioneers
Tiny House Design
Alpha Tiny Homes
Covo Mio Tiny
The Alpha Tiny
House Has It All
is a self-contained apartment in an owner occupied
single-family home / lot that is either attached to the principal dwelling
or in a separate structure on the same property. In British English the
term "annexe" is used instead, or accessory dwelling units or granny flat.
My Favorite Tiny House on a Trailer >
344 sq/ft. (35' including hitch) x 8.5'W x 13'5"H. -
Traveler XL Tiny House
, maybe add a
Fold Out Extension
with glass sides, or a fold down deck?
x 8.5'W x 13'6"H, up to 355 Sq.ft. Introductory Price: $73,400.
The Fontana (8’x24′) by
Cornerstone Tiny Homes
Or some combination of all three using
(image)Building Air and Moisture Barriers
Systems Premade that are Lighter and more Durable
then Wood Frames
buildings anywhere in the world, onsite and offsite construction
is a category of steel used for making
variety of shapes. Many structural steel shapes take the form of an
elongated beam having a profile of a specific cross section. Structural
steel shapes, sizes, chemical composition, mechanical properties such as
strengths, storage practices, etc., are regulated by standards in most
industrialized countries. Most structural steel shapes, such as I-beams,
have high second moments of area, which means they are very stiff in
respect to their cross-sectional area and thus can support a high load
without excessive sagging.
(Steel C-Studs - Metal Studs).
Using screws instead of nails
is better for
mobile homes because driving down the road 60mph is like being in a
hurricane and and an earthquake combined.
Dimensions - Rules and Regulations
vehicle that is bent upwards towards the ends, i.e. the center is
'dropped'. This gives two advantages: the center of gravity of the
bodywork is lowered, relative to the wheels, which improves stability;
secondly the wheels may be of larger diameter, giving a smoother ride over
a rough surface.
House With 1st Floor Bedroom + Full Kitchen
Benefits of Living in a Smaller Home
Small can be Big when something Small can give you Big Benefits.
I would not call a minimalist
, I would call it a less cluttered life and an easy to manage
life. It's not about being anti-materialism
, it's about being
. This is not to say that big houses are bad, because big
homes can be very useful and enjoyable. This is about choices and needs.
The only thing I should be sacrificing is ignorance and
greed. It's not that I want less, I just don't want more than I need. It's
not because of financial insecurity, it mostly about being emotionally
secure and not having the need to impress anyone. Besides that, tiny house
living is a much better quality of life than the one billion people who
are living in poverty
. So until we can build
more efficient living spaces
, tiny home living
is it. Minimizing
A Smaller Home
is Less Maintenance, Less Energy
, Less Furniture to
purchase, Less opportunity to accumulate stuff that you
don't Need, Less Clutter, Easier to Organize,
Less Cleaning Time, Less Indoor Pollution, Less
Environmental Impact, Less Financial Risk,
Easier to Move, Relocate and Travel. You will also
have More Freedom, More Flexibility and More time for being
Outside. But you will still have
and a slightly different set of
. And you will still
need to have good problem solving skills
and you still need to have lots of
. You need to
collect knowledge and information
things. If you're matter
, then having
is absolutely necessary. But wasted
space is not necessary. But if you need more space for a particular
, then you should have more space.
But if more space is not needed, then why would you need more space? The mind has no boundaries, except when you're
Having a little is having little to lose.
So if a catastrophe
will be a lot easier to escape, a lot easier to leave things behind, and a
lot easier to start over. Having a lot means that you have a lot to lose, and
you also having a lot
that someone can take from you or steal
So the risk is greater, the responsibility is greater, and the time needed
is greater. Having too much can mean more problems. Your
Intelligence is not measured by how many things that you have, it's
measured by how many things that you have under your control. And not just
having more control over the material world, but also having more control
. Having less means that
you leave less stuff for other people to deal with when you die. "Here is
all the stuff that I can't take with me". If you leave an organized life,
its easier for people to clean up after you. It's also easier to
assimilate and distribute a persons belongings when they are fully aware
of the fact that they will eventually die.
When People Find a Better Way to Live, People Live Better
home living proves that people really don't need a lot to live
comfortably, it's more about the quality than quantity. Just because you
be better, this does not make it better.
Reduced consumption includes actions like repairing
instead of replacing older items, and avoiding
and not buying unnecessary items. Instead
purchase products designed to
limit environmental impacts
, such as goods made from recycled
Water Saving Technologies
It's not really
Downsizing, it's more about Realizing that you had too much
material form or substance
consisting of matter.
Downsizing the McMansion
: Study gauges a sustainable size for future
homes. U.N. estimates households consume 29% of global energy and
consequently contribute to 21% of resultant CO2 emissions, which will only
rise as global population increases.Tiny
Houses Benefits Info-Graphic
Where ever your Life may be
, and what ever lifestyle you choose,
you will still have moments in your life that will be challenging
and difficult. And there will always be advantages and
disadvantages with almost everything that you do. This means that you will
have to learn
some valuable skills and
accumulate some valuable knowledge, especially if you want to be
. You have to be a problem
and know that every process can be improved. You have to be
. You will need
to know how to plan things
. You have to be able to
and be able to
. You have to be able
to make sacrifices and be flexible. You have to be able to
. You have to be able to
You have to be able to adapt
and be prepared for changes and setbacks. You have to be able to adjust to
new experiences and new places. You have to be able to adjust to different
comfort levels and handle being uncomfortable. You will have to like exploring
and discovering. Freedom is a
responsibility, so you will need to spend your time well. You have to be
able to know how to stay safe
not let your guard down. You have to
understand your responsibilities
. You have to understand your
responsibility when it comes to learning. You have to be a Learner,
Educating yourself is extremely important
Learn from your mistakes
Learn from your experiences
You have to learn how to learn well. Live, Learn, Love and Progress.
Remember, with every experiment, you need to
do your research
. You have to be able
to measure almost everything
. You need to
and have purpose. You
need short term goals, long term goals, physical goals and mental goals.
You have to be able to see the good things in life and see the good in
people. You have to be able to embrace those special moments as well as
handle the moments that are extremely difficult and challenging, and not
get upset when the going gets tough. If you want to escape, just make sure
you know where you are escaping to. You have to be able to know where
you're going, physically and mentally. You have to
be able to be alone
. You have
to be able to love yourself. You have to be able to be in a
. You have to be able to
get along with people
be a good communicator
. You have to
understand how to maintain things, and not just physical things but mental
things as well. You have to be aware of your lows and highs. You have to
be aware of your energy levels
. It's not all fun and games, a good quality
life takes work. You have to be aware of your water needs. You have to be
aware of your of your food needs. You have to be aware of your of your
. You have to be
aware of your of your sleep needs
. You have to
be aware of your of your meditation needs and when you need to relax. You
have to be aware of your of your
and staying clean. You have to be aware of your of your
privacy needs. You have to be aware of your surroundings. You have to be
aware of possible risks and
. You have to be aware of your responsibilities and be aware of
your priorities, especially when your priorities change. If you need time
to think, or if you need time to figure things out, or to discover who you
are, you will still need to read, you will need to have a note book and a
laptop computer, and you will need to have access to the internet from
time to time.
is a great Air B&B warning video and a good argument for
why Tiny Homes makes perfect sense. New guests or new friends can
sometimes spiral out of control and turn your life into complete chaos, or
perceived chaos. This is one of the reasons why living in a tiny house can
be so beneficial. When you have very little space to offer, people will
seldom impose. When you have a lot of space that you're not using, then
you sometimes fill that space with things that you don't need. And you
sometimes just want to share what you have because you have more than what
you need. But most people never consider the reasons why they have so much
to begin with. Inviting people into your home is sometimes the same thing
as inviting people into your life. Having more is only beneficial when you
use everything effectively and efficiently, otherwise it becomes wasted
space and a sign of ignorant consumption. The movie of course was much
more than this. It was mostly about the fears that some women have. It was
filled with too many contradictions, just like peoples fears are, which
make no sense at all. So
if you remove the fabric of time
, the entire
movie is all about a women's fears that were dramatically portrayed and
condensed into a 2 hour movie. Horror movies can be dangerous
My $500 house in Detroit — and the neighbors who helped me rebuild it: Drew Philp
(video and text)
Make sure that all materials used in home building are safe for
the people who make the products as well as safe for the people who will
live with the products.
Space Saving Furniture ideas
Furniture for Small Spaces
Dual Purpose Space Saving Furniture
Space Transformation Modular Robotics
Eight Rooms from 350 Square Feet Apartment
Utilizing Small Spaces
Open Concept Modern
Tiny House with Elevator Bed
Kent Larson: Brilliant Designs to Fit more People in every City
- Murphy Bed
Folding Wall Bed Designs
Inside Photos a Small Apartment around 360 Square Feet of Space
Videos of People Building Tiny Houses
We The Tiny House People
(Documentary): Small Homes, Tiny Flats & Wee Shelters
What Not To Do On A Tiny House Build (the good and bad
of a small home on wheels)
Community and Access to Tools on Sustainable Culture
Videos with Great Ideas for Small Homes
Tiny home packs storage stairs, 2 lofts, tub in 136 sq
Couple Builds Own Tiny House on Wheels in 4 Months for
MiniHome Walk-Through with David Suzuki
Graham Hill Living with Less Stuff
The Caravan Tube House
Spaghetti Western on Lean Urbanism
Documentary featuring Paolo Soleri (Arcosanti), Brad
“Darby” Kittel (Tiny Texas Houses), Patrick Kennedy (CITYSPACES
microapartments, Panoramic Interests), John Wells (Field
Lab), Luke Iseman
(Boxouse), Tom Duke (EarthshipsBiotecture), Stephanie
Schull (shelter program, Frank Lloyd Wright School of
Architecture), Ben Berto (principal planner, Marin
County), Johnny Sanphillippo (granolashotgun.com,
mortgage-free home), Begin Tollas family (Arcosanti),
Rawaf al Rawaf (Arcosanti), Mimi Webb Miller (Terlingua
How Airplanes Are
Designed To Feel Bigger On The Inside
The Monocle Is A
Lucky Couple's Dream Tiny House
Tiny House Listings
Tiny House Direct
Tiny Home Supercenter
Titan Tiny Homes
(Illinois Chicago - $55,000)Factory Built
Build your Own
Tiny House Hot Water Heaters- options, pros and cons
Homes that use 41
gallons or less of hot water daily, Tankless Water Heaters can be 24% to
34% more energy-efficient than storage tank heaters.
On Demand Hot Water
120v Electric Point of Use
Tankless Water Heater
Propane Water Heater
Vented Propane Fireplace
Tiny Homes Competition Winner Announced!
Chicago Tiny Home Summit
Can also use the same idea on
Prefab Modular Homes
made from recycled material.
How to Build a 12 x 20 Cabin
Plastic Soda Bottles become Light Source
Architecture for Humanity
has great ideas using a global network of building
Factor e Farm
Wind Storm OSB
Open Architecture Network
Bungalow in a Box
Eco-Friendly Mobile Homes for Trailer Parks
Green Homes for Trailer Parks
characteristic of buildings and a lifestyle designed in an independent
manner without reliance on one or more public utilities
. The term
"off-the-grid" traditionally refers to not being connected to the
electrical grid, but can also include other utilities like water, gas, and
sewer systems, and can scale from residential homes to small communities.
Off-the-grid living allows for buildings and people to be self-sufficient,
which is advantageous in isolated locations where normal utilities cannot
reach and is attractive to those who want to reduce environmental impact
and cost of living. Generally, an off-grid building must be able to supply
energy and potable water for itself, as well as manage food, waste and
Off the Grid |
Families escaping the rat race and saving money on electricity | Sunday Night
: Architect-maker paradise amid NorCal redwoods. In 1968,
Charles Bello and his wife, Vanna Rae
, moved onto 240 acres of redwood
forest looking to live a simpler life off the land. They had spent their
savings to purchase the land so they got to work building their home
themselves. Their first structure was a panelized A-frame that they
erected in 5 days (with help from a couple family members). Total cost was
Factory-Built Housing - Offsite Construction - Prebuilt
are specialist dwelling types of prefabricated
building, which are manufactured off-site in advance
, usually in standard
sections that can be easily shipped
. Some current prefab
home designs include architectural details inspired by postmodernism or
futurist architecture. Containers
is the practice of assembling components of a structure in a factory or
other manufacturing site, and transporting complete assemblies or
to the construction site where the structure is to be
or panelization, is the process of building a modular wall, roof and floor
sections in an environmentally controlled manufacturing facility and
delivering them to the construction site for installation. Due to being
constructed in a highly controlled environment, you can expect the
following from panelized construction: Lower job site waste from rejected
low grades of lumber. More consistent quality and construction. A lower
chance of theft from a job site.Structural
or SIPs are a high performance building system for
residential and light commercial construction. The panels consist of an
insulating foam core sandwiched between two structural facings, typically
oriented strand board (OSB).
under factory controlled conditions
and can be fabricated to fit nearly
any building design. The result is a building system that is
, energy efficient
. Building with SIPs will save
you time, money and labor.
are sectional prefabricated buildings, or houses,
that consist of multiple sections called modules. "Modular" is a method of
construction differing from other methods of building. The module sections
are constructed at an off site (sometimes, remote) facility, then
delivered to the intended site of use. Complete construction of the
prefabricated sections are completed on site. The prefabricated sections
are sometimes lifted and placed on basement walls using a crane, the
module prefabricated sections are set onto the building's foundation and
joined together to make a single building. The modules can be placed
side-by-side, end-to-end, or stacked, allowing a wide variety of
configurations and styles in the building layout.
Why we need to
rethink how we build homes | Ged Finch | TEDxWellington
refers to the planning, design, fabrication, and
assembly of building elements at a location other than their final
installed location to support the rapid and efficient construction of a
permanent structure. Such building elements may be prefabricated in a
different location and transported to the site or prefabricated on the
construction site and then transported to their final location. Offsite
construction is characterized by an integrated planning and supply chain
optimization strategy. Offsite manufacturing (OSM), offsite production
(OSP) and offsite fabrication (OSF) are used when referring primarily to
the factory work proper.
Structural Building Components
are specialized structural building
products designed, engineered and manufactured under controlled conditions
for a specific application. They are incorporated into the overall
building structural system by a building designer. Examples are wood or
steel roof trusses, floor trusses, floor panels, I-joists, or engineered
beams and headers. A structural building component manufacturer or truss
manufacturer is an individual or organization regularly engaged in the
manufacturing of components.Volumetric
or modular construction, involves the production of
three-dimensional units in controlled factory conditions, prior to
transportation to site.
delivers pre-cut materials on site.
is a building system that can
build almost any style of home. Different modules stack and connect to
build anything. New Box sizes will likely be 20x20, 20x30, 20x40, 20x60 We
will announce those new room modules with different floorpans ASAP.
mass produced systemized building unit built efficiently in a
factory and ship affordably to the building site. This makes them, fast,
high quality, affordable and customizable. Boxabl buildings also boast an
amazing range of advanced features and safety ratings not available in
. No building permits required and a complete set of
pre-assembled components. The Bunkie offers an ideal personal sense of
place that can be assembled with ease.
construction system is an
unfoldable modular living
that can be setup in a couple of days.
self-deploying folding systems and re-locatable buildings.
is a low cost, sustainable, rapidly deployable, long stay
and dignified house which is shipped in pieces and assembled by the end
users. The basic building components are galvanized tube steel for the
base, structural insulated metal panel for walls, floor and roof and can
be customizes with conventional interior and exterior finishes.
self-sustainable smart house powered solely by solar and wind energy. It
allows you to live off-the-grid, with the luxury of a hotel room.
are eco-conscious and proudly manufactured in British Columbia, Canada for
easy DIY assembly.
Forta Modular Residential Building Construction
modular construction technique which allows us to build ecologically clean
and sustainable buildings, while saving energy and time
Factory Built Home
Custom Backyard Homes
Advanced Prefabricated Architecture
- Ark ShelterAlpod
mobile, durable and practical with an aluminum exterior and a minimalistic
interior. (37.8' X 10.8' X 10.8').
Prefabrication maximizes efficiency, speed and sustainability.
(designed, built, delivered and assembled)
Vipp Shelter Tiny
Prefab as Precise Industrial-era Appliance
prefab tiny home by Morten
Bo Jensen. Modules are transported by truck to the site.
are pre-built micro
home designs, 300 square-feet and 10.5-foot ceilings, giant
floor-to-ceiling windows, and optimized storage that makes the home feels twice
as big. Smart Home
Pre Built Tiny
House on Trailer
Total Area: 470 sq. ft. Size: 44'x17'
How 16 containers
became 8 market-rate Phoenix Apartments
Small Homes can be Prebuilt and Delivered
Tiny House Kits
that comes with everything you need for assembling
your tiny house, including every screw and window. You put your house
together like a puzzle. You’ll get walls, roofing, flooring, windows and
doors, all in place, delivered to your site. You’re left with just the
interior finishing and decorating.
China can build a 18 story building in around 2 weeks by using premade
. Creating apartments for 1,100 people.
We need Houses that can be Assembled and
This way homes can be easily transported, and people
can move when needed. Just think, a City of Modular Homes that is Fully
Survival Pods or Yurt
Great for places that have major
. Because now you can move away from danger and
then return when the area is safe again. And of course
can be used to
help mobilize people when needed.
Tiny House Plans for Families
designs and produces homes, cabins, barns and garages that are
specifically designed for assembly by amateur owner-builders. We will work
with you to turn your ideas into a building that meets your specific
requirements. A team of two people can assemble one of our cabins in about
Zip Kit Homes
Artisan Tiny House
Plans with Step by Step Process that Makes Building
Your Project Easy, Fast and Affordable.
highly customizable post and beam timber frame storage sheds,
garden sheds, storage-shed kitsand prefab cottages.
log cabin kits feature open floor plans and do not include
interior walls, insulation, kitchen, bathroom, electric and dormers. Most
of these items are available for purchase with your kit as options, please
contact us for a quote.
Tiny House Family
How to Build a Shelter
How to Build and
Frame Tiny House Walls: Ana White Tiny House Build [Episode 3]
Your Own House - (VPRO Documentary - 2013)
Natural Building Material
Amphibian Houses for Rising Water
- Water Studio
- Building Tools
Sketch Up 3D Drawing Software
Pronto House Disassembly
Assemble and Disassemble Container House
Nomad Micro Home easily Assembled under 30k
House Open Source Home Building Kit
Use the most
advanced building design knowledge available that would
make the home energy efficient, healthy, easy to
maintain, comfortable, functional and suited for
. Some house
designs are inefficient in a particular area.
Use the best building materials that are available that
are sustainable, state-of-the art, healthy and long lasting. The building
should also be easy to repurpose, be customizable, be
reusable and easy to recycle.
and style that would beautify the inside and
out without wasting materials, or without adding any
instability to the structure, or make any of the
buildings functions less practical.
Form Follows Function
Patterns are only one approach
to providing guidance in design. Properties of good
Nature of Order
) are supportive of life and growth.
Architectural Model Building Kits
Green Building Ideas
1. Levels of scale.
2. Strong centers.
4. Alternating repetition.
5. Positive space.
6. Good shape.
7. Local symmetries.
8. Deep interlock and ambiguity.
13. The Void.
14. Simplicity and Inner Calm.
Futuristic Building Designs
Thinking Outside the Box
Advanced Architecture Designers
is an opening in a wall, door, roof or vehicle that allows the
passage of light, sound, and air. Modern windows are usually glazed or
covered in some other transparent or translucent material, a sash set in a
frame in the opening; the sash and frame are also referred to as a window.
Many glazed windows may be opened, to allow ventilation, or closed, to
exclude inclement weather. Windows often have a latch or similar mechanism
to lock the window shut or to hold it open by various amounts. Types
include the eyebrow window, fixed windows, single-hung and double-hung
, horizontal sliding sash windows,
, awning windows, hopper windows, tilt and slide
windows (often door-sized), tilt and turn windows, transom windows,
sidelight windows, jalousie or louvered windows, clerestory windows,
skylights, roof windows, roof lanterns, bay windows, oriel windows,
thermal, or Diocletian, windows, picture windows, emergency exit windows,
stained glass windows, French windows, panel windows, and double - and
triple paned windows.
is a part of a wall or window, made of glass. Glazing also
describes the work done by a professional "glazier". Glazing is also less
commonly used to describe the insertion of ophthalmic lenses into an
eyeglass frame. Common types of glazing that are used in architectural
applications include clear and tinted float glass, tempered glass, and
laminated glass as well as a variety of coated glasses, all of which can
be glazed singly or as double, or even triple, glazing units. Ordinary
clear glass has a slight green tinge but special colorless glasses are
offered by several manufacturers. Glazing can be mounted on the surface
of a window sash or door stile, usually made of wood, aluminium or PVC.
The glass is fixed into a rabbet (rebate) in the frame in a number of ways
including triangular glazing points, putty, etc. Toughened and laminated
glass can be glazed by bolting panes directly to a metal framework by
bolts passing through drilled holes. Glazing is commonly used in low
temperature solar thermal collectors because it helps retain the collected
double glazing (or double-pane, and increasingly
triple glazing/pane), consists of two or three glass window panes
separated by a vacuum or gas filled space to reduce heat transfer across a
part of the building envelope. Insulating glass units (IGUs) are
manufactured with glass in range of thickness from 3 to 10 mm (1/8" to
3/8") or more in special applications. Laminated or tempered glass may
also be used as part of the construction. Most units are produced with the
same thickness of glass used on both panes but special applications such
as acoustic attenuation or security may require wide ranges of thicknesses
to be incorporated in the same unit.
Passive House: Triple vs Double Pane Windows
Thermal Break Windows
. Insulation within a window is referred to as a
“thermal break”. The thermal break is a continuous barrier between the
inside and outside window frames that
thermal energy loss
. This thermal break creates thermal energy loss
resistance and combined with gas-filled triple pane glazing, keeps the
interior space of your window at a more comfortable temperature.
National Fenestration Rating Council
exits in case
Custom Windows Systems Inc.
Low-Temp Production Could Mean Cheaper, Flexible Smart Windows
have the ability to control both heat and light from the sun.
is a glass or glazing whose light transmission properties are
altered when voltage, light or heat is applied. Generally, the glass
changes from translucent to transparent, changing from blocking some (or
all) wavelengths of light
to letting light pass through. Smart glass
, suspended particle,
micro-blind and polymer dispersed liquid crystal devices. When installed
in the envelope of buildings, smart glass creates climate adaptive
building shells, with the ability to save costs for heating,
air-conditioning and lighting and avoid the cost of installing and
maintaining motorized light screens or blinds or curtains. Blackout smart
glass blocks 99.4% of ultraviolet light
, reducing fabric fading; for SPD-type
smart glass, this is achieved in conjunction with low emissivity coatings.
Critical aspects of smart glass include material costs, installation
costs, electricity costs and durability, as well as functional features
such as the speed of control, possibilities for dimming, and the degree of
transparency. Smart Windows
shading and solar thermal energy
harvesting. Liquids in windows and
façades can be loaded with the nanoscale magnetic iron particles.
Smart Glass Technology
Engineers develop eco-friendly panels that
switch from transparent to opaque. Someday we won’t need curtains or
blinds on our windows, and we will be able to block out light—or let it
in—with just the press of a button.
Chemists could make 'smart glass' smarter by manipulating it at the
Measures how well a product prevents heat from escaping.
The lower the U-factor, the better a product is at
keeping heat inside the building.
The rate at which a window, door, or skylight conducts
non-solar heat flow. It's usually expressed in units of
For windows, skylights, and glass doors, a U-factor may
refer to just the glass or glazing alone.
measures the resistance to heat loss. R-value is a
measure of conductance and resistance.
NFRC U-factor ratings, however, represent the entire
window performance, including frame and spacer material.
The lower the U-factor, the more energy-efficient the
window, door, or skylight.
Solar Heat Gain
Measures how much heat from the sun is blocked.
The fraction of solar radiation admitted through a
window, door, or skylight -- either transmitted directly
and/or absorbed, and subsequently released as heat
inside a home. The lower the SHGC, the less solar heat
it transmits and the greater its shading ability. A
product with a high SHGC rating is more effective at
collecting solar heat during the winter. A product with
a low SHGC rating is more effective at reducing cooling
loads during the summer by blocking heat gain from the
sun. Your home’s climate, orientation, and external
shading will determine the optimal SHGC for a particular
window, door, or skylight. For more information about
SHGC and windows, see passive solar window design.
Measures how much outside air comes into a home or
building through a product.
The rate of air movement around a window, door, or
skylight in the presence of a specific pressure
difference across it. It's expressed in units of cubic
feet per minute per square foot of frame area (cfm/ft2).
A product with a low air leakage rating is tighter than
one with a high air leakage rating.
Measures the amount of water and pressure that a window
can resist to keep the water from leaking through it.
The higher the water infiltration rating, the better the
window is at resisting water leakage
Measures how well a product resists the formation of
condensation. Condensation resistance is expressed as a
number between 1 and 100. The higher the number, the
better a product is able to resist condensation.
The ability of glazing in a window, door, or skylight to
transmit sunlight into a home can be measured and rated
according to the following energy performance
The fraction of the visible spectrum of sunlight (380 to
720 nanometers), weighted by the sensitivity of the
human eye, that is transmitted through the glazing of a
window, door, or skylight. A product with a higher VT
transmits more visible light. VT is expressed as a
number between 0 and 1. The VT you need for a window,
door, or skylight should be determined by your home's
day lighting requirements and/or whether you need to
reduce interior glare in a space.
The ratio between the SHGC and VT. It provides a gauge
of the relative efficiency of different glass or glazing
types in transmitting daylight while blocking heat
gains. The higher the number, the more light transmitted
without adding excessive amounts of heat. This energy
performance rating isn't always provided.
This advanced glass design features an innovative
exterior coating that, when activated by sunlight,
reduces water spots by up to 99 percent. It comes
standard on Andersen 400 Series products. Depending on
the home's location, Low-E4 glass can reduce energy
bills by up to 25 percent when compared to ordinary
Not all Low-E coatings are created equal, nor is the
Low-E coating on glass units manufactured today the same
as it was as recently as two or three years ago.
Advances in glass coatings technology and stronger
regional energy code requirements have helped to create
a new generation and more sophisticated array of Low-E
Solar Heat Gain can also be controlled by the use
of Low-E coatings combined with the use of tints, and
can even be influenced by which glass surface the Low-E
coating is placed upon. Additionally, since less than ½
of the total solar energy spectrum is visible to the
human eye, solar performance of glass can be visually
(low e or low thermal emissivity)
refers to a surface condition that emits low levels of
radiant thermal (heat) energy. All materials absorb,
reflect and emit radiant energy, but here, the primary
concern is a special wavelength interval of radiant
energy, namely thermal radiation of materials with
temperatures approximately between 40 to 60 degrees
that blocks 95 percent of ultraviolet rays that can
damage furniture, carpets, and wall coverings.
Structural Performance Rating:
Measures the amount of air pressure (wind load) a window
can resist before failing. The amount of structural
pressure ratings required for windows in your area is
often determined by local code requirements. The higher
the structural performance ratings, the more wind load a
window can resist.
Measures the amount of
through a window. The higher the
sound transmission rating, the better the product is at
blocking noise from coming through the window.
Measures the ability of a
window to resist different types of forces. For example,
there are burglar-resistant windows, fire-resistant
windows, bullet-resistant windows, wind-borne
debris-resistant windows, and many others. Many of these
products have special uses for different building types
and may be covered by local building code requirements.
What are the other options to
consider when shopping for windows?
In addition to the NFRC Label, ratings comparisons, and
ENERGY STAR, buyers may consider a number of other
factors when choosing windows. These include: air
infiltration, water infiltration, structural
performance, acoustical performance, security
performance, product cost, and warranty. Product cost
and warranties are issues to be considered when making
any major purchase, and this information is available
from the window distributor or manufacturer.
Acoustical Window Inserts
Transparent wood Windows are Cooler than Glass
is a type of window covering. There are many different
kinds of window blinds which use a variety of control systems. A typical
window blind is made up of several long horizontal or vertical slats of
various types of hard material, including wood, plastic or metal which are
held together by cords that run through the blind slats. Window blinds can
be maneuvered with either a manual or remote control by rotating them from
an open position, with slats spaced out, to a closed position where slats
overlap and block out most of the light. There are also several types of
window coverings, called shades, that use a single piece of soft material
instead of slats. The term window blinds can also be used to describe
window coverings generically—in this context window blinds include almost
every type of window covering, i.e. shutters, roller blinds, cellular
shades (also called honeycomb shades), wood blinds (also called 2 inch
horizontals), Roman blinds and standard vertical and horizontal blinds
(also called Venetians). In the United Kingdom, awnings are sometimes
called blinds or shades.
is a piece of cloth intended to block or obscure light, or
drafts, or water in the case of a shower curtain. A curtain is also the
movable screen or drape in a theater that separates the stage from the
auditorium or that serves as a backdrop.
Location - Where to Build - Where to Live
Location, Location, Location -
Knowing where to build and where not to build.
You have to carefully plan where you should build a
because the location of a house
is extremely important. Knowing
your options and your choices can make all the
Things to Consider when Choosing
Land to Build a Home or Build a City
: Rivers, Lakes and Water
Sheds: What is upstream and down stream. Is your
home close to clean
? How much
in a year? What types of storms happen?
? Climate change predictions?
City Development Plans
? Predictions for
How many people can the land
without help from other states or countries? Zoning Laws
Local laws and regulations
1 Acre of Land? Flat Usable Area? What
are available that are renewable? Where will your
come from? Can you be
Other Factors to Consider when
looking for a home to settle down:
Services, Infrastructure, Schools, Roads, Airports,
Culture, Entertainment, Lifestyle, Recreational Opportunities. Do you live next to an as*hole?
Knowing the History of the Land -
Coal Power Plants
, Gas Power Plants,
National Laboratories or
the Area? Fracking
Jet Plane Traffic
Air Travel Pollution
? Is there any large
could fall on your house?
? What is upwind and downwind
from your home?
is the direction upwind toward where the
wind is coming from, from the point of reference. Leeward is the direction
downwind or downward from the point of reference.
is an overflow of water
that submerges land which is
usually dry. A covering by water of land not normally covered by water. In
the sense of "flowing water", the word may also be applied to the inflow
of the tide. Flooding may occur as an overflow of water from water bodies,
such as a river, lake, or ocean, in which the water overtops or breaks
levees, resulting in some of that water escaping its usual boundaries, or
it may occur due to an accumulation of rainwater
on saturated ground in an
areal flood. While the size of a lake or other body of water will vary
with seasonal changes in precipitation
and snow melt
, these changes in
size are unlikely to be considered significant unless they flood property
or drown domestic animals. Floods can also occur in rivers when the flow
rate exceeds the capacity of the river channel, particularly at bends or
meanders in the waterway. Floods often cause damage to homes and
businesses if they are in the natural flood plains of rivers. While
riverine flood damage can be eliminated by moving away from rivers and
other bodies of water, people have traditionally lived and worked by
rivers because the land is usually flat and fertile and because rivers
provide easy travel and access to commerce and industry. Some floods
develop slowly, while others such as flash floods, can develop in just a
few minutes and without visible signs of rain
. Additionally, floods can be
local, impacting a neighborhood or community, or very large, affecting
entire river basins. Weather
is a Flood Hazard Area
that is lower than
the Base Flood Elevation. V zones are the most hazardous of the Special
Flood Hazard Areas. Erosion
is an area of land adjacent to a stream or river which
stretches from the banks of its channel to the base of the enclosing
valley walls, and which experiences flooding
during periods of high discharge or rain
. The soils usually consist
of clays, silts, and sands deposited during floods.
- River Partners
River Protection and Preservation
reduces the risk of a shorelines vulnerability to
wave damage, flooding and erosion
. Rather than create a wall between
people and water.
is an experiment in the management of dynamic coastline. It is
run off South Holland in the Netherlands. A
was created by humans; the surface is about 1
km². It is expected that this sand is then moved over the years by the
action of waves, wind and currents along the coast. To protect the West of
the Netherlands against the sea, the beaches along the coast are
artificially replenished every five years, and it is expected that the
sand engine will make replenishment along the Delfland Coast unnecessary
for the next 20 years. This method is expected to be more cost effective
and also helps nature by reducing the repeated disruption caused by
refers to an
alternative flood mitigation strategy that allows an otherwise-ordinary
structure to float on the surface of rising floodwater rather than succumb
Floating Cities - Oceanix
Why not build
in flood zones. This way when the floods come your house
floats instead of gets water damaged or destroyed. You can cover the
bottom part of the
with a deck and have the
Floating Homes Resources
floating homes and ecosystems.
Floating Villas, Zeewolde
Barcode Architects - Sluishuis-2
Dutch Docklands - Amillarah
Floating Seahorse Bentley Edition
Waya Floating Pyramids
m.2 Floating House
Net Zero Floating House
modul go floating house.
This is Kiruna: How to Move a City
since at least the start of the 20th century, the average
global sea level has been rising. Between 1900 and 2016, the sea level
rose by 16–21 cm (6.3–8.3 in). More precise data gathered from
satellite radar measurements
accelerating rise of 7.5 cm (3.0 in) from 1993 to 2017,:1554 which is a
trend of roughly 30 cm (12 in) per century. This
acceleration is due
mostly to human-caused
, which is driving
of seawater and the melting of land-based ice sheets
and glaciers. Between 1993 and 2018, thermal expansion of the
contributed 42% to sea level rise;
the melting of temperate glaciers, 21%; Greenland, 15%; and Antarctica,
8%. Climate scientists expect the rate to further accelerate during the
21st century. Sea Level
- Our shorelines are moving inland, slowly and inevitably.
fill quickly beyond capacity
, as with a liquid. To Fill or cover
completely, usually with water.
is the rising of a body of water and its overflowing onto normally dry land.
sudden sinking or gradual downward settling of the
with little or no horizontal motion. The
definition of subsidence is not restricted by the rate, magnitude, or area
involved in the downward movement. It may be caused by natural processes
or by human activities. The former include various karst phenomena,
thawing of permafrost, consolidation, oxidation of organic soils, slow
crustal warping (isostatic adjustment), normal faulting, caldera
subsidence, or withdrawal of fluid lava from beneath a solid crust. The
human activities include sub-surface mining or extraction of underground
fluids, e. g. petroleum, natural gas, or groundwater.
of global concern to geologists, geotechnical engineers, surveyors,
engineers, urban planners, landowners, and the public in general.
Sink Holes Storms
tsunamis) - Thermal Expansion
Will New York Be
Underwater by 2050
are the highest
They are naturally occurring, predictable events. Tides are the movement
of water across Earth's surface caused by the combined effects of the
gravitational forces exerted by the Moon, Sun, and the rotation of Earth
which manifest in the local rise and fall of sea levels.
40,000 Records for Flood-Prone Homes that have been Purchased by Local Governments
with the help of the Federal Emergency Management Agency
since the late 1980s. Federally funded home buyouts have
disproportionately gone to whiter communities. FEMA generally pays for 75%
of the cost of a home, so local and state governments must find the
remaining money elsewhere.
Uncharted Rapid Raft
- World's Lightest Pack Raft. Less than 3 pounds,
inflates in seconds and holds 400 pounds. Perfect for camping and/or
allows an area that was not previously exposed to
flooding by the sea to become flooded by removing coastal protection. This
process is usually in low-lying estuarine areas and almost always involves
flooding of land that has at some point in the past been claimed from the
sea. In the UK, managed retreat is often a response to sea level rise
exacerbated by local subsidence of the land surface due to post-glacial
isostatic rebound in the north. Floods
linked to increased skin infections in humans
. Skin and soft tissue
infections can develop when injured skin is exposed to floodwaters
containing sewage, chemicals and other pollutants. In particular, natural
disasters like tsunamis and hurricanes can cause major soil disruption
that leads to the release of unusual infectious organisms. Stagnant
floodwaters provide breeding areas for mosquitoes, which can lead to
outbreaks of mosquito-borne diseases like Zika or malaria.
is the part of the year during which local weather conditions (i.e.
rainfall and temperature) permit normal plant growth. What crops can be grown?
quality of the land
divides climates into five
main climate groups: A (tropical), B (dry), C (temperate), D
(continental), and E (polar). The second letter indicates the seasonal
precipitation type, while the third letter indicates the level of heat.
Global Warming Risk for 327 toxic Superfund
Nearly 2 million people in the U.S. who live within a mile
of 327 Superfund sites in areas prone to flooding or vulnerable to
sea-level rise caused by climate change. Mostly in low-income, heavily
minority neighborhoods. Risk
Environmental Impact Assessment
is the assessment of
the environmental consequences (positive and negative) of a plan, policy,
program, or actual projects
prior to the decision to move forward with the proposed action.
is a temporary change in environmental conditions
causes a pronounced change in an ecosystem. Disturbances often act quickly
and with great effect, to alter the physical structure or arrangement of
biotic and abiotic elements. Disturbance can also occur over a long period
of time and can impact the biodiversity within an ecosystem. Major
ecological disturbances may include fires
, flooding, windstorms, insect
outbreaks and trampling. Earthquakes
, various types of volcanic eruptions,
tsunami, firestorms, impact events,
, and the devastating
effects of human impact on the environment (anthropogenic disturbances)
such as clearcutting, forest clearing and the introduction of invasive
species can be considered major disturbances. Disturbance forces can have
profound immediate effects on ecosystems and can, accordingly, greatly
alter the natural community. Because of these and the impacts on
populations, disturbance determines the future shifts in dominance,
various species successively becoming dominant as their life history
characteristics, and associated life-forms, are exhibited over time.
refers to several forms of
that may include a wide range of ground movements, such as
deep-seated slope failures,
and debris flows. However, influential narrower definitions restrict
landslides to slumps and translational slides in rock and regolith, not
involving fluidisation. This excludes falls, topples, lateral spreads, and
mass flows from the definition. Landslides occur in a variety of
environments, characterized by either steep or gentle slope gradients,
from mountain ranges to coastal cliffs or even underwater, in which case
they are called submarine landslides. Gravity is the primary driving force
for a landslide to occur, but there are other factors affecting slope
stability that produce specific conditions that make a slope prone to
failure. In many cases, the landslide is triggered by a specific event
(such as a heavy rainfall, an earthquake, a slope cut to build a road, and
many others), although this is not always identifiable.
Natural causes of landslides include
saturation by rain water infiltration, snow melting, or glaciers melting;
rising of groundwater or increase of pore water pressure (e.g. due to
aquifer recharge in rainy seasons, or by rain water infiltration);
increase of hydrostatic pressure in cracks and fractures; loss or absence
of vertical vegetative structure, soil nutrients, and soil structure (e.g.
after a wildfire – a fire in forests lasting for 3–4 days); erosion of the
toe of a slope by rivers or ocean waves; physical and chemical weathering
(e.g. by repeated freezing and thawing, heating and cooling, salt leaking
in the groundwater or mineral dissolution); ground shaking caused by
earthquakes, which can destabilize the slope directly (e.g., by inducing
soil liquefaction) or weaken the material and cause cracks that will
eventually produce a landslide; volcanic eruptions.
Landslides are aggravated by human activities,
: deforestation, cultivation and construction; vibrations
from machinery or traffic; blasting and mining; earthwork (e.g. by
altering the shape of a slope, or imposing new loads); in shallow soils,
the removal of deep-rooted vegetation that binds colluvium to bedrock;
agricultural or forestry activities (logging), and urbanization, which
change the amount of water infiltrating the soil. temporal variation in
land use and land cover (LULC): it includes the human abandonment of
farming areas, e.g. due to the economic and social transformations which
occurred in Europe after the Second World War. Land degradation and
extreme rainfall can increase the frequency of erosion and landslide
Simple actions can help people survive landslides
. Simple actions can
dramatically improve a person's chances of surviving a landslide,
according to records from 38 landslides in the US and around the world.
People who survived landslides tended to show key behaviors such as being
aware of the risk, moving to higher ground, and making noise if buried.
is a depression or hole in the ground
caused by some form of collapse of the surface layer. Most are caused by
karst processes – the chemical dissolution of carbonate rocks or suffosion
processes. Sinkholes vary in size from 1 to 600 m (3.3 to 2,000 ft) both
in diameter and depth, and vary in form from soil-lined bowls to
bedrock-edged chasms. Sinkholes may form gradually or suddenly, and are
found worldwide. -
How Do Sinkholes
? (youtube)Engineering Methods for Detecting Sinkholes
borings or other direct testing - Borings can be
reduced by reconnaissance scanning's using the following
Electromagnetics (EM) and DC Resistivity: detect
variations in subsurface electrical properties related
to anomalously thick or wet soils (electrical
conductivity highs similar to our use of moisture meters
in homes), or voids in the electrically conductive clay
soil mantle (electrical conductivity lows).
(SP): detects naturally-occurring
minute electrical currents or potentials commonly
associated with concentrated vertical water infiltration
: detects minute variation in
(subsurface voids create missing mass and lower gravity).
Seismic Refraction: profiles the top-of-rock which may
display conical depressions of a type associated with
subsidence sinks or deep gouges or cutters which
represent sinkhole-prone lineaments.
is a geophysical method that uses radar pulses to image the subsurface.
This nondestructive method uses electromagnetic radiation in the microwave
band (UHF/VHF frequencies) of the radio spectrum, and detects the
reflected signals from subsurface structures. GPR can have applications in
a variety of media, including rock, soil, ice, fresh water, pavements and
structures. In the right conditions, practitioners can use GPR to detect
subsurface objects, changes in material properties, and voids and cracks.
Interferometric Synthetic Aperture Radar Imagery
a radar technique used in
and remote sensing
geodetic method uses two or more synthetic aperture radar (SAR) images to
generate maps of surface deformation or digital elevation, using
differences in the phase of the waves returning to the satellite or
aircraft. The technique can potentially measure millimetre-scale changes
in deformation over spans of days to years. It has applications for
geophysical monitoring of natural hazards, for example
, volcanoes and
landslides, and in structural engineering, in particular monitoring of
subsidence and structural stability. (InSAR)
Uninhabited Airborne Vehicle Synthetic Aperture Radar
of soil particles from within a dam by water that
seeps through the dam is one of the most common causes of failure of
levees and earth dams. Internal erosion is especially dangerous because
there may be no external evidence, or only subtle evidence, that it is
taking place. Usually a sand boil can be found, but the boil might be
hidden under water. A dam may breach within a few hours after evidence of
internal erosion becomes obvious. Internal
manifests by the
migration of soil particles by suffusion or piping. Piping is induced by
regressive erosion of particles from downstream and along the upstream
line towards an outside environment until a continuous pipe is formed.
Suffusion is the migration of soil particles through the soil matrix.
Why No-One Will
Save Covehithe, The Village That Will Soon Crumble Into The Sea
- On the south-east coast of England sits Covehithe: a little Suffolk
village going back at least a thousand years. By the end of the century,
it'll likely have fallen into the sea. Here's why no-one's planning to
Solid Ground that may not be so Solid.
Expansive soils cause more property damage per year than earthquakes,
floods, hurricanes, and tornadoes combined.
is a clay
that is prone to large volume
changes (swelling and shrinking) that are directly related to changes in
water content. Soils with a high content of expansive minerals can form
deep cracks in drier seasons or years; such soils are called vertisols.
Soils with smectite clay minerals, including montmorillonite and bentonite,
have the most dramatic shrink-swell capacity. This type of clay that is
known as a lightweight aggregate with a rounded structure, with a porous
inner, and a resistant and hard outer layer. What is the Swell Pressure of
is a soil in which there is a high content of expansive clay
known as montmorillonite that forms deep cracks in drier seasons or years.
Alternate shrinking and swelling causes self-mulching, where the soil
material consistently mixes itself, causing vertisols to have an extremely
deep A horizon and no B horizon. (A soil with no B horizon is called an
A/C soil). This heaving of the underlying material to the surface often
creates a microrelief known as gilgai.
How Soil Destroys
or uneven settlement, occurs when the soil beneath a
structure can not bear the weights imposed. The settlement of a structure
is the amount that the structure will “sink” during and after
construction. Differential settlements become a big problem when the
foundation settles unevenly.
is a system of pipes used to convey fluids (liquids and gases) from one
location to another. The engineering discipline of piping design studies
the efficient transport of fluid.
Hidden, Abandoned, Dangerous: Old Gas And Oil Wells In Neighborhoods
Owner Finance a Home
(wikihow) - Title Company - No Liens - Verified Owner -
Local Arial Topo Maps - 500 Mile Radius Arial Map -
Aerial Photos showing how the Land Changes over time
Orientation - Which Direction should my Home Face
The relative physical position or
the direction of your home
should be well planned.
Design your house for the whole year.
- Architectural Lighting Design
Building Orientation for Optimum Energy from the Sun
Designing Your Home for Maximum Natural Lighting
Passive Solar Building Design
is when windows,
walls, and floors are made to collect, store, and distribute solar energy
in the form of heat in the winter and reject solar heat in the summer.
This is called passive solar design because, unlike active solar heating
systems, it does not involve the use of mechanical and electrical devices.
The key to design a passive solar building is to best take advantage of
the local climate performing an accurate site analysis. Elements to be
considered include window placement and size, and glazing type, thermal
insulation, thermal mass, and shading. Passive solar design techniques can
be applied most easily to new buildings, but existing buildings can be adapted or "retrofitted".
1. Roof inspection
You'll need to call in a roof specialist if your
inspector isn't qualified to inspect the roof. Also,
keep in mind that the roof may be difficult to access
and examine if it's covered with snow. In this case, it
may be possible to include a special provision that
allows you to extend the inspection contingency
specifically to accommodate the roof, in the hope that
the weather improves. Building Codes
2. Chimney inspection
If you or your home
inspector suspect instability or hints of structural
damage, it's important to hire a chimney specialist. The
specialist will be able to use a "chimney cam" (a small
video camera used to inspect the chimney from the
inside) to uncover hidden damage.
3. Geological inspection
A property on a cliff or hillside, or one that is
located in a flood zone, can benefit from a geological
inspection. The inspector could unearth a severe
drainage or ground-shifting problem -- and save you
thousands in repair costs down the line.
4. Sewer inspection
Your inspector may be able to tell whether things are,
um, "flowing," but a sewer expert can get a better sense
of the integrity of your sewer line with a sewer camera
to discover cracks or breaks from the house to the
street. A sewer inspection is critical for properties
that are heavily landscaped, where root growth can crack
and clog the pipeline. Don't overestimate the importance
of this inspection; a sewer line replacement can be an
5. Termite inspection
The seller commonly pays for this inspection, because
many mortgage companies and banks will need one before
approving a loan on the house. Regardless of who pays,
make sure you review the finished report and that all
the recommended work has been completed.
6. Moisture, mold, and toxin
It's important to check for moisture in any crawlspace,
basement, or below-ground-level areas. Moisture
indicates a potential mold problem -- if there isn't one
already. Be sure your house has a clean bill of mold
health, especially in wet areas close to oceans or
- Knowing the History of the Land
7. Asbestos inspection
If the house was built prior to 1975, you will need an
asbestos inspection. Asbestos can be present on
insulation around ducting, water heaters, and pipes. If
it is accessible and can be removed by an asbestos
specialist, consider asking the seller to foot the bill.
8. Nonconforming-use inspection
The issue of nonconforming use does not require a
specific additional inspector. It is usually a joint
effort between your inspector and your real estate agent
to determine if all additions and major changes have
been properly permitted. Converted garages, sun porches,
or add-on bedrooms can increase square footage, but when
completed improperly, they can add headaches when it's
time to make them legal.
Buildings - Large Multi Use Structures
is a building or
place that provides a particular service
or is used for a particular
industry. Something designed and created to serve a particular
and to afford a
particular convenience or service
service that an organization or a piece of equipment offers you. Skillful
performance or ability without difficulty. A natural effortlessness.
that has a
roof and walls made by combining materials and parts
"Building using old outdated materials and
methods is wasteful, negligent and criminal."
estimates there may be 77,000 Empty or
across the country
. Taxpayers own them and are costing taxpayers
billions a year to maintain. Approximately 3.5 million people in
the U.S. are
, many of them
veterans, and there are 18.5 Million
Vacant Homes in the
country. 85% of all empty homes are privately owned. There are
in England in 2013. Philadelphia has an
estimated 40,000 vacant, derelict or underused buildings and
lots, both publicly and privately owned.
is the process by which a previously functioning city, or part
of a city, falls into disrepair and decrepitude. It may feature
deindustrialization, depopulation or deurbanization, restructuring,
abandoned buildings and infrastructure, high local unemployment,
fragmented families, political disenfranchisement, crime, and a desolate
cityscape, known as greyfield or urban prairie.
Philly Land Bank
Absentee Business Owner
is one who does not personally
manage the business he owns
, or who does not live in the community in
which the business operates.
is an economic term for a person who
-earning property, but does not live within the
property's local economic region.
Why are we allowing ignorant criminals to
Deconstruction of Buildings
is the selective dismantlement
of building components, specifically for re-use,
and waste management. It differs from demolition where a site is cleared
of its building by the most expedient means. Deconstruction has also been
defined as “construction in reverse”. The process of dismantling
structures is an ancient activity that has been revived by the growing
field of sustainable, green method of building. Buildings, like
everything, have a life-cycle. Deconstruction focuses on giving the
materials within a building a new life once the building as a whole can no
is state-sanctioned, for-profit
archaeological survey and excavation carried out in advance of
construction or other land development. These conditions could include,
but are not limited to, highway projects, major construction, the flood
plain of a proposed dam, or even before the onset of war. Unlike
traditional survey and excavation, rescue archaeology must be undertaken
at speed. Rescue archaeology is included in the broader categories that
are cultural resource management (CRM) and cultural
Nearly 44,000 Commercial Buildings are
. (1995) implosion
Nearly 4.9 million office
buildings existed in 2003 in the U.S. Every year, approximately 170,000 commercial buildings are constructed.
Study predicts millions of unsellable homes could upend market
study predicts that the change in home-buying behaviors by younger
generations may result in a glut of homes that could grow as high as 15
million by 2040, with homeowners selling for far below what they paid --
if they can sell them at all.
When Government and Corporations Steal your Property
is the power of a state, provincial, or national government to take
private property for public use. However, this power can be legislatively
delegated by the state to municipalities, government subdivisions, or even
to private persons or corporations, when they are authorized by the
legislature to exercise the functions of public character. (which is lie
that is never debated because of corruption in our
Stop Eminent Domain Abuse
political transition of land from the control of one entity to another. It
is also the incorporation of unclaimed land into a state's sovereignty,
which is in most cases legitimate. In international law it is the forcible
transition of one state's territory by another state or the legal process
by which a city acquires land.
describes how a section of land can be used within a set of rules that
helps protect the land, and also protects other people living nearby from
land being misused.
- Oil Pipe
involves the management and modification of natural environment or
wilderness into built environment such as settlements and semi-natural
habitats such as arable fields, pastures, and managed woods. It also has
been defined as "the total of arrangements, activities, and inputs that
people undertake in a certain land cover type.
regulates land use in an efficient and ethical way,
thus preventing land-use conflicts.
- City Planning
should have the
right to live in a home