Art are the products of human creativity. The creation of beautiful or significant things. A diverse range of human activities in creating visual, auditory or performing artifacts or artworks, expressing the author's imaginative or technical skill, intended to be appreciated for their beauty or emotional power. Works of art collectively. A superior skill and mindset that you can learn by study and practice and observation. Art can also be a second person singular form of be. How great thou art, meaning, how great you are.

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Art Skills - Art Types - Critics - Art News - Art Films - Art Education - Art Websites - Art Quotes - Art Therapy

Art has the ability to make our world more beautiful and make certain information more interesting which can open the doors of perception and cause a person to realize something or be more aware of some other possibility. Art can also inspire people to think more and to dream more. Art is truly a blessing, and a very unique expression of human intelligence

Art and aesthetic experiences are beneficial to human health. Creativity helps to make new connections and new synapses in the brain. The changes in neural circuitry helps to increase the brain's plasticity. Exploring the arts also releases feel-good hormones like endorphins, serotonin and dopamine.

Work of Art is an aesthetic physical item or artistic creation. Apart from "work of art", which may be used of any work regarded as art in its widest sense, including works from literature and music, these terms apply principally to tangible, portable forms of visual art: An example of fine art, such as a painting or sculpture. An object that has been designed specifically for its aesthetic appeal, such as a piece of jewelry. An object that has been designed for aesthetic appeal as well as functional purpose, as in interior design and much folk art. An object created for principally or entirely functional, religious or other non-aesthetic reasons which has come to be appreciated as art (often later, and/or by cultural outsiders). A non-ephemeral photograph, film or visual computer program, such as a video game or computer animation. A work of installation art or conceptual art. Used more broadly, the term is less commonly applied to: A fine work of architecture or landscape design. A production of live performance, such as theater, ballet, opera, performance art, musical concert and other performing arts, and other ephemeral, non-tangible creations. Rights of Artists.

Magnum Opus is a large and important work of art, music, or literature, especially one regarded as the most important work of an artist or writer.

Great Work is the spiritual endeavor aimed at realizing one's True Will and achieving a profound mystical union with the All.

Pièce de résistance is French for a masterpiece, which is the most memorable accomplishment of one’s career or lifetime.

Legacy - Goal - Time is of the Essence

Masterpiece is the most outstanding work of a creative artist or craftsman. An outstanding achievement. Masterpiece is the greatest work of a person's career or to a work of outstanding creativity, skill, profundity, or workmanship. Masterpiece refers to a creation that has been given much critical praise, especially one that is considered the greatest work of a person's career or to a work of outstanding creativity, skill, profundity, or workmanship. Historically, the word refers to a work of a very high standard produced in order to obtain membership of a Guild or Academy.

Constructive is to improve something or to promote the positive development of something by doing what is good or right without ignoring the facts or truth of a particular matter.

Art Movement is a tendency or style in art with a specific common philosophy or goal, followed by a group of artists during a restricted period of time, (usually a few months, years or decades). Colors.


Artistic Medium is a material used by an artist or designer to create a work.

List of Art Media Types (wiki) - Conduit

Medium is a means for storing or communicating information through which something is achieved. An agency or an instrument or means of doing something. The intervening substance in the surrounding environment through which impressions or signals are conveyed to the senses. A force that acts on objects at a distance. Medium can also mean a halfway point between two extremes of a size or of another quality. An average. Medium in the communication process, is a channel or system of communication—the means by which information or the message is transmitted between a speaker or writer (the sender) and an audience (the receiver).

Adaptations - Growth Medium - Space

I'm Just a Vessel is a phrase that denotes a person whom God calls upon and uses as a vessel to carry a message and to do valuable work. Being a vessel into which God fills divine wisdom and grace. A vessel unto honor, sanctified, and meet for the master's use, and prepared unto every good work. (II Tim. 2:21). Each of you should use whatever gift you have received to serve others.

Instrument is a person used by another to gain an end. The semantic role of the entity that the agent uses to perform an action or to start a process. To equip with instruments for measuring, recording, or controlling. Any of various devices or contrivances that can be used to produce musical tones or sounds.


Expressing is to communicate either verbally, bodily or by manipulating materials to form abstract symbols. To communicate in words precisely and clearly and readily observable and leaving nothing to implication. Indicate through a symbol or formula. To give evidence of something.

Expression is the physical arrangement of body parts, or other physical mediums that can be observed, that would indicate or communicate an emotion or convey a message about someone's feelings, beliefs or opinions. Expression can also mean a word or phrase that particular people use in particular situations. A group of words that form a constituent of a sentence and are considered as a single unit. 

Express is to articulate either verbally or by using some other medium of transport.

Gestures - Style - Mind Set - Freedom of Expression - Manifest - Gene Expression

Impression is a vague idea in which some confidence is placed. A clear and telling mental image. An outward appearance. An idea, feeling, or opinion about something or someone. An imitation of a person or thing, especially one done to entertain.

Artist Intention. Artists are communicators who say something to beholders through their work. This way of thinking about the artist's intended meaning makes an analogy between artwork and language, specifically literature, where a text may be thought to be a form of the author's speaking.

Surrealist Automatism is a method of art making in which the artist suppresses conscious control over the making process, allowing the unconscious mind to have great sway.

Illusionism in art history means either the artistic tradition in which artists create a work of art that appears to share the physical space with the viewer or more broadly the attempt to represent physical appearances precisely – also called mimesis. The term realist may be used in this sense, but that also has rather different meanings in art, as it is also used to cover the choice of ordinary everyday subject-matter, and avoiding idealizing subjects.

Process Art is an artistic movement as well as a creative sentiment where the end product of art and craft, the objet d’art, is not the principal focus.

Art Methodology refers to a studied and constantly reassessed, questioned method within the arts, as opposed to a method merely applied (without thought). This process of studying the method and reassessing its effectiveness allows art to move on and change. It is not the thing itself but it is an essential part of the process. An artist drawing, for instance, may choose to draw from what he or she observes in front of them, or from what they imagine or from what they already know about the subject. These 3 methods will, very probably, produce 3 very different pictures. A careful methodology would include examination of the materials and tools used and how a different type of canvas/brush/paper/pencil/rag/camera/chisel etc. would produce a different effect. The artist may also look at various effects achieved by starting in one part of a canvas first, or by working over the whole surface equally. An author may experiment with stream of consciousness writing, as opposed to naturalistic narrative, or a combination of styles. Art Education.

Defamiliarization is the artistic technique of presenting to audiences common things in an unfamiliar or strange way in order to enhance perception of the familiar. Irrational Number - Vague.

Juxtaposition of elements is used to elicit a response within the audience's mind, such as creating meaning from the contrast. In music, it is an abrupt change of elements, and is a procedure of musical contrast. In film, the position of shots next to one another (montage) is intended to have this effect. In painting and photography, the juxtaposition of colours, shapes, etc, is used to create contrast, while the position of particular kinds of objects one upon the other or different kinds of characters in proximity to one another is intended to evoke meaning. Various forms of juxtaposition occur in literature, where two images that are otherwise not commonly brought together appear side by side or structurally close together, thereby forcing the reader to stop and reconsider the meaning of the text through the contrasting images, ideas, motifs, etc. For example, "He was slouched gracefully" is a juxtaposition. More broadly, an author can juxtapose contrasting types of characters, such as a hero and a rogue working together to achieve a common objective from very different motivations.

“When a person sacrifices his right to self-expression for the sake of survival, his very survival is endangered, not from without but from within. With the surrender of the right to self-expression the meaning of life is lost. This is not a psychological phenomenon only. Self-expression is the direct and immediate manifestation of the life force in an individual. Self-expression is equivalent to life expression and a life that isn’t expressed, isn’t being lived. That leads to a slow death.” Alexander Lowen (wiki) The Voice of the Body. Self-Realization.

Art to me is exploring your imagination, it’s expressing, it’s creating, it's educational, and it's communication. Sometimes I look at art as a pause in time where someone uses the physical world to express an idea or to ask a question, what is this? And the question is not so much focused on the art itself, but something else. In a way, Art becomes more of a reminder that tells us to always ask "what is this?" And Art does not guarantee that you will find an answer, but at the least it will make you see that there will always be things beyond your awareness. And that stimulation of the brain is the seed of evolution. Art is another way at looking at things, which is extremely important. If we don't open our minds to other possibilities, then we will never ask the questions that will allow us to keep on progressing. But even though we are progressing, we are still not progressing in all the ways that we should. So it's not just the art itself, it's the questions that art can give rise to. Not to say that we need art to learn, because humans learn in many different ways. But having art is still valuable, but it's value is in the hidden information that can only be deciphered if the person has the knowledge that would allow them to see beyond the surface, and understand beyond the known senses.

Celebrate or Celebration is a joyful occasion for special festivities to mark some happy event. Any joyous diversion. A celebration can be a public performance or a ceremony with all appropriate rituals.

American Art Therapy Association - Anything that engages your creative mind can have benefits. The ability to make connections between unrelated things and imagine new ways to communicate is good for you.

Arts activities may improve self-control and reduce antisocial behavior among teenagers. Teenagers who take part in arts and cultural activities, such as dance, drama, reading and going to concerts, are less likely to engage in antisocial and criminalized behavior up to two years later, according to a new study. Researchers looked at data from more than 25,000 teenagers in the United States who had filled out questionnaires over several years.

Art evokes feelings in the body. A new study reveals how viewing visual art affects our emotions. The research subjects viewed different kinds of artworks and described the feelings that the art stimulated in their bodies. The researchers recorded the subjects' eye movement while they viewed the art. In addition, the subjects assessed what kind of emotions each piece of art evoked. Our results suggest that our bodies have a significant role in the aesthetic experience. Bodily sensations can draw people to art: art evokes feelings in the body, and such stimulation of the body's pleasure centres feels pleasant to the viewer. This is why the emotions and bodily sensations evoked by art can be used, for example, in mental health rehabilitation and care.

Skills Related to Art

Artist is a person engaged in one or more of any of a broad spectrum of activities related to creating art, practicing the arts or demonstrating an art. The common usage in both everyday speech and academic discourse is a practitioner in the visual arts only.

Mind Set - Craft Professions - Art Categories - Exhibitions - Festivals

Painting is the practice of applying paint, pigment, color or other medium to a solid surface (support base). The medium is commonly applied to the base with a brush, but other implements, such as knives, sponges, airbrushes, aerosol spray or pencils and pens can be used.

Paintbrush is a brush used to apply Paint or sometimes Ink. A paintbrush is usually made by clamping the bristles to a handle with a ferrule. They are available in various sizes, shapes, and materials. Thicker ones are used with for filling in, and thinner ones are used for details. They may be subdivided into decorators' brushes used for painting and decorating and artists' brushes use for visual art.

Still Life is a work of art depicting mostly inanimate subject matter, typically commonplace objects which may be either natural (food, flowers, dead animals, plants, rocks, or shells) or man-made (drinking glasses, books, vases, jewelry, coins, pipes, and so on).

Speed Painting (youtube)

The Metropolitan Museum of Art Collection Online.

Graffiti - How to Mix Paint with Amy Wynne | Creative Live (youtube) "Artist paints in layers, but most only see the surface."

Graphic Designer is a professional within the graphic design and graphic arts industry who assembles together images, typography, or motion graphics to create a piece of design. A graphic designer creates the graphics primarily for published, printed or electronic media, such as brochures (sometimes) and advertising. They are also sometimes responsible for typesetting, illustration, user interfaces, web design, or take a teaching position. A core responsibility of the designer's job is to present information in a way that is both accessible and memorable.

Graphic Arts covers a broad range of visual artistic expression, typically two-dimensional, i.e. produced on a flat surface. The term usually refers to the arts that rely more on line or tone than on colour, especially drawing and the various forms of engraving; it is sometimes understood to refer specifically to printmaking processes, such as line engraving, aquatint, drypoint, etching, mezzotint, monotype, lithography, and screen printing (silk-screen, serigraphy). Graphic art further includes calligraphy, photography, painting, typography, computer graphics, and bindery. It also encompasses drawn plans and layouts for interior and architectural designs.

Canva - Product Design - Develop - AI Text to Images

Kelly Mckernan - Jingna Zhang - Cara

Identifying AI-generated images with SynthID - Fake Videos - ChatGPT

Glaze is a system designed to protect human artists by disrupting style mimicry. At a high level, Glaze works by understanding the AI models that are training on human art, and using machine learning algorithms, computing a set of minimal changes to artworks, such that it appears unchanged to human eyes, but appears to AI models like a dramatically different art style. For example, human eyes might find a glazed charcoal portrait with a realism style to be unchanged, but an AI model might see the glazed version as a modern abstract style, a la Jackson Pollock. So when someone then prompts the model to generate art mimicking the charcoal artist, they will get something quite different from what they expected. Everything is a Remix.

Stable Signature is a new method for watermarking images created by open source generative AI.

Sculpture is the branch of the visual arts that operates in three dimensions. It is one of the plastic arts. Durable sculptural processes originally used carving or the removal of material, and modelling or the addition of material, as clay, in stone, metal, ceramics, wood and other materials but, since Modernism, there has been an almost complete freedom of materials and process. A wide variety of materials may be worked by removal such as carving, assembled by welding or modelling, or molded, or cast. A Continuous Shape (video).

Carving is the act of using tools to shape something from a material by scraping away portions of that material. The technique can be applied to any material that is solid enough to hold a form even when pieces have been removed from it, and yet soft enough for portions to be scraped away with available tools. Carving, as a means for making stone or wooden sculpture, is distinct from methods using soft and malleable materials like clay, fruit, and melted glass, which may be shaped into the desired forms while soft and then harden into that form. Carving tends to require much more work than methods using malleable materials.

Stone Carving is an activity where pieces of rough natural stone are shaped by the controlled removal of stone. Owing to the permanence of the material, stone work has survived which was created during our prehistory.

Knowledge Preservation - Petroglyphs - Cultural Symbols 

Engraving is the practice of incising a design onto a hard, usually flat surface by cutting grooves into it with a burin. The result may be a decorated object in itself, as when silver, gold, steel, or glass are engraved, or may provide an intaglio printing plate, of copper or another metal, for printing images on paper as prints or illustrations; these images are also called "engravings". Engraving is one of the oldest and most important techniques in printmaking.

Engraved Gem or intaglio is a small and usually semi-precious gemstone that has been carved with images or inscriptions only on one face, normally in the Western tradition. The engraving of gemstones was a major luxury art form in the Ancient world, and an important one in some later periods. Art Types.

Diorama are a three-dimensional full-size or miniature model, sometimes enclosed in a glass showcase for a museum. Dioramas are often built by hobbyists as part of related hobbies such as military vehicle modeling, miniature figure modeling, or aircraft modeling.

Digital Sculpting is the use of software that offers tools to push, pull, smooth, grab, pinch or otherwise manipulate a digital object as if it were made of a real-life substance such as clay. CGI.

Visual Literacy is the ability to interpret, negotiate, and make meaning from information presented in the form of an image, extending the meaning of literacy, which commonly signifies interpretation of a written or printed text. Visual literacy is based on the idea that pictures can be “read” and that meaning can be through a process of reading.

Visual Storytelling - Visual Art

Aesthetics is the science of sensory or sensori-emotional values, sometimes called judgments of sentiment and taste dealing with the nature of art and the creation and appreciation of beauty.

Color Psychology - Visual Tools

Esthetic is a set of principles underlying and guiding the work of a particular artist or artistic movement concerned with beauty or the appreciation of beauty.

Aesthetic Experiences can arise from the appreciation of human artifacts, such as artworks, music, poetry and sculptures.

Aesthete is a person who has or affects to have a special appreciation of art and beauty. One who professes great sensitivity to the beauty of art and nature.

Creative Design - Form Follows Function

Neuroesthetics is a relatively recent sub-discipline of empirical aesthetics. Empirical aesthetics takes a scientific approach to the study of aesthetic perceptions of art, music, or any object that can give rise to aesthetic judgments. Neuroesthetics received its formal definition in 2002 as the scientific study of the neural bases for the contemplation and creation of a work of art. Neuroesthetics uses neuroscience to explain and understand the aesthetic experiences at the neurological level. The topic attracts scholars from many disciplines including neuroscientists, art historians, artists, art therapists and psychologists.

Theme is the subject matter of a conversation or discussion. Theme is a unifying idea that is a recurrent element in literary or artistic work. A theme in music is the melodic subject of a musical composition. A theme in linguistics is the form of a word after all affixes are removed. An essay.

Style is a distinctive manner which permits the grouping of works into related categories, or any distinctive, and therefore recognizable, way in which an act is performed or an artifact made or ought to be performed and made. It refers to the visual appearance of a work of art that relates it to other works by the same artist or one from the same period, training, location, "school", art movement or archaeological culture: "The notion of style has long been the art historian's principal mode of classifying works of art. By style he selects and shapes the history of art". Style is often divided into the general style of a period, country or cultural group, group of artists or art movement, and the individual style of the artist within that group style. Divisions within both types of styles are often made, such as between "early", "middle" or "late". In some artists, such as Picasso for example, these divisions may be marked and easy to see, in others they are more subtle. Style is seen as usually dynamic, in most periods always changing by a gradual process, though the speed of this varies greatly, between the very slow development in style typical of prehistoric art or Ancient Egyptian art to the rapid changes in Modern art styles. Style often develops in a series of jumps, with relatively sudden changes followed by periods of slower development.

Composition is the placement or arrangement of visual elements or ingredients in a work of art, as distinct from the subject of a work according to the principles of art such as balance, proportion, emphasis, variety, movement, rhythm and harmony.

Spatial Intelligence - Visual Tools - Mindset

Technology and Art - Digital Art

Comfort Decorating is choosing furniture, artwork, and accessories that stimulates the senses and evokes feelings rather than aesthetics. A cozy home feels lived in, with touches of the owner reflecting everywhere. Creating nostalgia with the aim for a peaceful, loving home where there is joy, acceptance, and kindness.

Illustrator is an artist who specializes in enhancing writing or elucidating concepts by providing a visual representation that corresponds to the content of the associated text or idea. The illustration may be intended to clarify complicated concepts or objects that are difficult to describe textually, which is the reason illustrations are often found in children's books.

Drawing - Picture - Printing Press

Illustrate is to explain or make something clear by using examples, charts, pictures, etc.

Illustration is a visual representation like a picture or diagram, that is used to make some subject more pleasing or easier to understand, or artwork that helps make something clear or attractive. Showing by example. Illustration is a decoration, interpretation or visual explanation of a text, concept or process, designed for integration in print and digital published media, such as posters, flyers, magazines, books, teaching materials, animations, video games and films. An illustration is typically created by an illustrator. Digital illustrations are often used to make websites and apps more user-friendly, such as the use of emojis to accompany digital type. Illustration also means providing an example; either in writing or in picture form. The origin of the word "illustration" is late Middle English (in the sense ‘illumination; spiritual or intellectual enlightenment’): via Old French from Latin illustratio(n-), from the verb illustrare.

Technical illustration is the use of illustration to visually communicate information of a technical nature. Technical illustrations can be components of technical drawings or diagrams. Technical illustrations in general aim "to generate expressive images that effectively convey certain information via the visual channel to the human observer". Technical illustrations generally have to describe and explain the subjects to a nontechnical audience. Therefore, the visual image should be accurate in terms of dimensions and proportions, and should provide "an overall impression of what an object is or does, to enhance the viewer’s interest and understanding".

Draw is to make a mark or lines on a surface. To represent by making a drawing of, as with a pencil, chalk, etc. on a surface. To engage in drawing. To give a description of something. To make, formulate, or derive in the mind.

Drawing is an illustration that is drawn by hand and published in a book, magazine, or newspaper. A representation of forms or objects on a surface by means of lines. The creation of artistic pictures or diagrams.

Levels of Drawing a Car (reddit video)

Sketch is a rapidly executed freehand drawing that is not usually intended as a finished work. A sketch may serve a number of purposes: it might record something that the artist sees, it might record or develop an idea for later use or it might be used as a quick way of graphically demonstrating an image, idea or principle. Sketching is the most inexpensive art medium.

Drawing with both hands simultaneously Dutch Celebrity couple Bas Smit and Nicolette van Dam (youtube) - Rajacenna van Dam is an ambidextrous hyper photo realistic artist from the Netherlands. Drawing an object and naming it engages the brain in similar ways. The finding demonstrates the importance of the visual processing system for producing drawings of an object.

Animation is the process of making the illusion of motion and the illusion of change by means of the rapid display of a sequence of images that minimally differ from each other. The illusion—as in motion pictures in general—is thought to rely on the phi phenomenon, which is the optical illusion of perceiving a series of still images, when viewed in rapid succession, as continuous motion. Animators are artists who specialize in the creation of animation. Animation can be recorded with either analogue media, a flip book, motion picture film, video tape, digital media, including formats with animated GIF, Flash animation, and digital video. To display animation, a digital camera, computer, or projector are used along with new technologies that are produced. Animation creation methods include the traditional animation creation method and those involving stop motion animation of two and three-dimensional objects, paper cutouts, puppets and clay figures. Images are displayed in a rapid succession, usually 24, 25, 30, or 60 frames per second. Computer animation processes generating animated images with the general term Computer Generated Imagery (CGI). 3D Animation uses computer graphics, while 2D Animation is used for stylistic, low bandwidth and faster real-time renderings. Cartoons.

Animation Apps - Moho, Adobe Animate, Cinema 4D, Synfig Studio, Pencil2D, Anime Studio Pro, OpenToonz, TupiTube, FlipaClip.

Depiction is a form of non-verbal representation in which two-dimensional images (pictures) are regarded as viable substitutes for things seen, remembered or imagined.

Portrayed is something represented abstractly or graphically by sketch or design or lines or in words.

Ideogram for No SmokingInfo-Graphic are graphic visual representations of information, data or knowledge intended to present information.

Ideogram is a graphic symbol that represents an idea or concept, independent of any particular language, and specific words or phrases.

Diagram is a drawing intended to explain how something works; a drawing showing the relation between the parts. Make a schematic or technical drawing that shows interactions among variables or how something is constructed.

Emoji are ideograms and smileys used in electronic messages and Web pages. Emoji are used much like emoticons and exist in various genres, including facial expressions, common objects, places and types of weather, and animals. Emoji Samples (image).

Mind Maps - CRONZY Pen - Over 16-million colors in your pocket

Logo is a graphic mark, emblem, or symbol commonly used by commercial enterprises, organizations, and even individuals to aid and promote instant public recognition. There are purely graphic emblems, symbols, icons and logos, which are composed of the name of the organization (a logotype or wordmark).

What makes a truly great Logo (youtube) - Brand - Canva

Motif is a design or figure that consists of recurring shapes or colors, as in architecture or decoration. A unifying idea that is a recurrent element in literary or artistic work. A theme that is repeated or elaborated in a piece of music.

Icon is a sign whose form directly reflects the thing it signifies. Flag.

Emblem is a special design or visual object representing a quality, type, group, or an abstract idea.

Seal as an emblem is a device for making an impression in wax, clay, paper, or some other medium, including an embossment on paper, and is also the impression thus made. The original purpose was to authenticate a document, a wrapper for one such as a modern envelope, or the cover of a container or package holding valuables or other objects.

Symbolism - Symbols - Keyboard Symbols

Sign is an object, quality, event, or entity whose presence or occurrence indicates the probable presence or occurrence of something else. A natural sign bears a causal relation to its object—for instance, thunder is a sign of storm, or medical symptoms signify a disease. A conventional sign signifies by agreement, as a full stop signifies the end of a sentence; similarly the words and expressions of a language, as well as bodily gestures, can be regarded as signs, expressing particular meanings. The physical objects most commonly referred to as signs (notices, road signs, etc., collectively known as signage) generally inform or instruct using written text, symbols, pictures or a combination of these. The philosophical study of signs and symbols is called semiotics; this includes the study of semiosis, which is the way in which signs (in the semiotic sense) operate.

Signage is the design or use of signs and symbols to communicate a message to a specific group, usually for the purpose of marketing or a kind of advocacy. A signage also means signs collectively or being considered as a group. Signs are any kind of visual graphics created to display information to a particular audience. This is typically manifested in the form of wayfinding information in places such as streets or on the inside and outside buildings. Signs vary in form and size based on location and intent, from more expansive banners, billboards, and murals, to smaller street signs, street name signs, sandwich boards and lawn signs. Newer signs may also use digital or electronic displays. The main purpose of signs is to communicate, to convey information designed to assist the receiver with decision-making based on the information provided. Alternatively, promotional signage may be designed to persuade receivers of the merits of a given product or service. Signage is distinct from labeling, which conveys information about a particular product or service.

Sign in semiotics is anything that communicates a meaning that is not the sign itself to the interpreter of the sign. The meaning can be intentional such as a word uttered with a specific meaning, or unintentional, such as a symptom being a sign of a particular medical condition. Signs can communicate through any of the senses, visual, auditory, tactile, olfactory, or taste.

Semiosis is any form of activity, conduct, or process that involves signs, including the production of meaning. Briefly – semiosis is sign process. Flags.

Semiotics the study of signs and sign processes, indication, designation, likeness, analogy, allegory, metonymy, metaphor, symbolism, signification, and communication. The semiotic tradition explores the study of signs and symbols as a significant part of communications. Different from linguistics, semiotics also studies non-linguistic sign systems.

Illuminated Manuscript is a manuscript in which the text is supplemented with such decoration as initials, borders or marginalia and miniature illustrations. In the strictest definition, the term refers only to manuscripts decorated with gold or silver; but in both common usage and modern scholarship, the term refers to any decorated or illustrated manuscript from Western traditions. Scribes - Book Types.

Artistic Rendering in visual art and technical drawing means the process of formulating, adding color, shading, and texturing of an image. It can also be used to describe the quality of execution of that process. When used as a means of expression, it is synonymous with illustrating. However, it may be used for mere visualization of existing data regardless of any preconceived message or idea to express. Artistic rendering is the application of visual art styles to rendering. For photorealistic rendering styles, the emphasis is on accurate reproduction of light-and-shadow and the surface properties of the depicted objects, composition, or other more generic qualities. When the emphasis is on unique interpretive rendering styles, visual information is interpreted by the artist and displayed accordingly using the chosen art medium and level of abstraction in abstract art. In computer graphics, interpretive rendering styles are known as non-photorealistic rendering styles, but may be used to simplify technical illustrations. Rendering styles that combine photorealism with non-photorealism are known as hyper-realistic rendering styles.

Masking in art is the protecting of a selected area from being change during production.

Visual Masking is a phenomenon of visual perception when the visibility of one image, called a target, is reduced by the presence of another image, called a mask.

Picture is graphic art consisting of an artistic composition made by applying paints to a surface. A clear and telling mental image. A situation treated as an observable object. Illustrations used to decorate or explain a text. A form of entertainment that enacts a story by sound and a sequence of images giving the illusion of continuous movement. The visible part of a television transmission. A graphic or vivid verbal description. A typical example of some state or quality. A representation of a person or scene in the form of a print or transparent slide; recorded by a camera on light-sensitive material.

Compositing is the combining of visual elements from separate sources into single images, often to create the illusion that all those elements are parts of the same scene. Live-action shooting for compositing is variously called "chroma key", "blue screen", "green screen" and other names. Today, most, though not all, compositing is achieved through digital image manipulation. Pre-digital compositing techniques, however, go back as far as the trick films of Georges Méliès in the late 19th century; and some are still in use.

Deep Canvas is a 3D painting and rendering technique that allows artists to produce CGI background that looks like a traditional painting. The software keeps track of brushstrokes applied in 3D space.

Visual Effects

Storyboard is a graphic organizer in the form of illustrations or images displayed in sequence for the purpose of pre-visualizing a motion picture, animation, motion graphic or interactive media sequence. The storyboarding process, in the form it is known today, was developed at Walt Disney Productions during the early 1930s, after several years of similar processes being in use at Walt Disney and other animation studios.

Artisan is a skilled craft worker who makes or creates things by hand that may be functional or strictly decorative, for example furniture, decorative arts, sculptures, clothing, jewelry, food items, household items and tools or even mechanisms such as the handmade clockwork movement of a watchmaker. Artisans practice a craft and may through experience and aptitude reach the expressive levels of an artist. Art Categories.

Craft is a pastime or a profession that requires particular skills and knowledge of skilled work. In a historical sense, particularly as pertinent to the Middle Ages and earlier, the term is usually applied to people occupied in small-scale production of goods, or their maintenance. Professions (skilled workers).

Performing - Performances

Theater is a collaborative form of fine art that uses live performers, typically actors or actresses, to present the experience of a real or imagined event before a live audience in a specific place, often a stage. The performers may communicate this experience to the audience through combinations of gesture, speech, song, music, and dance. Elements of art, such as painted scenery and stagecraft such as lighting are used to enhance the physicality, presence and immediacy of the experience.

Musical Theatre is a form of theatrical performance that combines songs, spoken dialogue, acting, and dance.

Political Theatre - Parades - Celebrations - Exhibition - Festivals - Performance is Work

Community Theatre refers to theatrical performance made in relation to particular communities—its usage includes theatre made by, with, and for a community. It may refer to theatre that is made entirely by a community with no outside help, or to a collaboration between community members and professional theatre artists, or to performance made entirely by professionals that is addressed to a particular community. Community theatres range in size from small groups led by single individuals that perform in borrowed spaces to large permanent companies with well-equipped facilities of their own. Many community theatres are successful, non-profit businesses with a large active membership and, often, a full-time professional staff. Community theatre is often devised and may draw on popular theatrical forms, such as carnival, circus, and parades, as well as performance modes from commercial theatre.

Play is a dramatic work and a theatrical performance by actors on a stage that is presented for public viewing. A deliberate coordinated movement requiring dexterity and skill of a drama intended for performance. To act or have an effect in a specified way or with a specific effect or outcome. Pretend to have certain qualities or state of mind. Play can also mean to engage in playful activity where 1 or more people participate in games or in sports for just amusement, or for competition so as to compare and measure abilities. Play is a work of drama, usually consisting mostly of dialogue between characters and intended for theatrical performance rather than just reading. The writer of a play is a playwright.

Screenplay is a written work by screenwriters for a film, television program, or video game. These screenplays can be original works or adaptations from existing pieces of writing. In them, the movement, actions, expression and dialogues of the characters are also narrated. A screenplay written for television is also known as a teleplay.

Teleplay is a screenplay or script used in the production of a scripted television program or series. In general usage, the term is most commonly seen in reference to a standalone production, such as a television film, a television play, or an episode of an anthology series. In internal industry usage, however, all television scripts (including episodes of ongoing drama or comedy series) are teleplays, although a "teleplay" credit may be subsumed into a "written by" credit depending on the circumstances of its creation. The term first surfaced during the 1950s with wide usage to distinguish teleplays from stage plays written for theater and screenplays written for films. All three have different formats, conventions, and constraints.

Audience are assembled spectators or listeners at a public event, such as a play, a movie, a concert, or a meeting. A group of people who participate in a show or encounter something like art. Spectator is a close observer or someone who looks at something such as an exhibition of some kind.

Para-Social Interaction refers to a kind of psychological relationship experienced by an audience in their mediated encounters with performers in the mass media, particularly on television. Viewers or listeners come to consider media personalities as friends, despite having limited interactions with them. PSI is described as an illusionary experience, such that media audiences interact with personas (e.g., talk show host, celebrities, fictional characters, social media influencers) as if they are engaged in a reciprocal relationship with them.

Perform is to carry out an action or function. To get something done. To give a performance of something.

Performing Arts are a form of art in which artists use their voices and/or their bodies, often in relation to other objects, to convey artistic expression. It is different from visual arts, which is when artists use paint/canvas or various materials to create physical or static art objects. Performing arts include several disciplines. Not everyone performs in front of live audiences.

Performance Art is a performance presented to an audience within a fine art context, traditionally interdisciplinary. Performance may be either scripted or unscripted, random, carefully orchestrated, spontaneous or otherwise carefully planned with or without audience participation. The performance can be live or via media and the performer can be present or absent. It can be any situation that involves four basic elements: time, space, the performer's body, or presence in a medium, and a relationship between performer and audience. Performance art can happen anywhere, in any type of venue or setting and for any length of time. The actions of an individual or a group at a particular place and in a particular time constitute the work.

Performance in the performing arts, generally comprises an event in which a performer or group of performers present one or more works of art to an audience. Usually the performers participate in rehearsals beforehand. Afterwards audience members often applaud. Performance also means the action or process of carrying out or accomplishing an action, task, or function. Perform is to carry out an action or function and put something into effect that gets something done or achieves a particular goal.

Street Performance is the act of performing in public places for gratuities. In many countries the rewards are generally in the form of money but other gratuities such as food, drink or gifts may be given. Street performance is practiced all over the world and dates back to antiquity. People engaging in this practice are called street performers or buskers in the United Kingdom. Buskers is not a term generally used in American English. Performances are anything that people find entertaining. Performers may do acrobatics, animal tricks, balloon twisting, caricatures, clowning, comedy, contortions, escapology, dance, singing, fire skills, flea circus, fortune-telling, juggling, magic, mime, living statue, musical performance, puppeteering, snake charming, storytelling or reciting poetry or prose, street art such as sketching and painting, street theatre, sword swallowing, and ventriloquism.

Debut is to perform in public for the first time. A person's first appearance or performance in a particular capacity or role.

Street Theatre is a form of theatrical performance and presentation in outdoor public spaces without a specific paying audience. These spaces can be anywhere, including shopping centers, car parks, recreational reserves, college or university campus and street corners. They are especially seen in outdoor spaces where there are large numbers of people. The actors who perform street theatre range from buskers to organized theatre companies or groups that want to experiment with performance spaces, or to promote their mainstream work. It was a source of providing information to people when there were no sources of providing information like television, radio etc. Nowadays, street play is used to convey a message to the crowd watching it. Street play is considered to be the rawest form of acting, because one does not have a microphone or loud speakers. Sometimes performers are commissioned, especially for street festivals, children's shows or parades, but more often street theatre performers are unpaid or gather some income through the dropping of a coin in a hat by the audience. Fame Dangers.

Improvisational Theatre is the form of theatre, often comedy, in which most or all of what is performed is unplanned or unscripted: created spontaneously by the performers. In its purest form, the dialogue, action, story, and characters are created collaboratively by the players as the improvisation unfolds in present time, without use of an already prepared, written script.

Entertainment is a form of activity that holds the attention and interest of an audience, or gives pleasure and delight.

Impresario is a sponsor who books and stages public entertainments. Festivals.

Exhibition in art is a collection of things for public display. Exhibitionist.

Portraying is to assume or act the character of someone. To represent something abstractly. To describe something in words.

Voice Acting is the art of performing voice-overs to represent a character or provide information to an audience. Performers are called voice actors/actresses, voice artists or voice talent. In the UK, voice acting is recognized as a specialized dramatic profession, primarily due to the BBC's long tradition of radio drama production. Examples of voice work include animated, off-stage, off-screen or non-visible characters in various works such as feature films, dubbed foreign-language films, animated films, anime, television shows, video games, cartoons, documentaries, commercials, audiobooks, radio dramas and comedies, amusement rides, theater productions, puppet shows and audio games. Voice actors are also heard through pre-recorded and automated announcements that are a part of everyday modern life in areas such as shops, elevators, waiting rooms and public transport. The role of a voice actor may involve singing, most often when playing a fictional character, although a separate performer is sometimes enlisted as the character's singing voice.

Mel Blanc was an American voice actor and radio personality. After beginning his over-60-year career performing in radio, he became known for his work in animation as the voices of Bugs Bunny, Daffy Duck, Porky Pig, and most of the other characters from the Looney Tunes and Merrie Melodies theatrical cartoons during the golden age of American animation. He later voiced characters for Hanna-Barbera's television cartoons, including Barney Rubble on The Flintstones and Mr. Spacely on The Jetsons. During the golden age of radio, Blanc also frequently performed on the programs of comedians, including Jack Benny, Abbott and Costello, Burns and Allen, The Great Gildersleeve, and Judy Canova. Blanc was nicknamed "The Man of a Thousand Voices", and is regarded as one of the most influential people in the voice acting industry. (Mel Blanc was born Melvin Jerome Blank /blæŋk/; May 30, 1908 – July 10, 1989).

Set List is a document that lists the songs that a band or musical artist intends to play, or has played, during a specific concert performance. Playlist is a list of video or audio files that can be played back on a media player either sequentially or in a shuffled order.

Dance is a performance art form consisting of purposefully selected sequences of human movement. This movement has aesthetic and symbolic value, and is acknowledged as dance by performers and observers within a particular culture. Dance can be categorized and described by its choreography, by its repertoire of movements, or by its historical period or place of origin. An important distinction is to be drawn between the contexts of theatrical and participatory dance, although these two categories are not always completely separate; both may have special functions, whether social, ceremonial, competitive, erotic, martial, or sacred/liturgical. Other forms of human movement are sometimes said to have a dance-like quality, including martial arts, gymnastics, figure skating, synchronized swimming and many other forms of athletics.

Symmetry - Pattern Recognition - Consistency - Predictability - Music

Dance Like Nobody's Watching (youtube)
Watch Them Whip: A Decade of Viral Dance Moves | The New Yorker (youtube)
A visual History of Social Dance in 25 Moves: Camille A. Brown (video)
Let's Dance: David Marks & The Marksmen (youtube)
DRAKE - IN MY FEELINGS (Kiki) Dance | Matt Steffanina & Megan Batoon (youtube)
3 Simple Dance Moves for Beginners (Hip Hop Dance Moves Tutorial) | Mihran Kirakosian (youtube)
Michelle Jenneke Women's 100m Hurdles dance warm-up Barcelona 2012 (youtube)
Chaka Khan - Like Sugar (youtube)
The Caesars - Jerk it Out - Km Music (youtube)
'Step Back In Time' - Old School Dance Mashup (youtube) - Clips from famous movies with people dancing.
'Footloose' - Dancing In The Movies (youtube) - Scenes from famous movies with people dancing.
Awesome Dance Mix (youtube) - Scenes from famous movies with people dancing to the song safety dance.
Naatu Naatu Full Video Song (Telugu) (youtube)
So what? So let’s dance! (youtube) So what? So let’s dance!
Dance Moves by Country (reddit video)

"Those who were seen dancing were thought to be insane by those who could not hear the music."

Interpretive Dance seeks to translate human emotions, conditions, situations or fantasies into movement and dramatic expression like high-flown style and lofty movements of the arms, turns and drops to the floor, or else adapts traditional ethnic movements into more modern expressions that are enhanced by lavish costumes, ribbons or spandex body suits.

Body Language - Slow-Flowing Movements of Martial Arts - Body Smart

Inverted Dancers have more acute visuomotor perception. People with extended visuomotor experience with inverted movements, such as vertical dancers, can overcome the inversion effect in perceiving biological motion. Previous studies have determined that astronauts can judge inverted movements better than people on Earth due to the astronauts' unique visuomotor experience with inverted movements in space. Inverted movement is moving the body upside down in space while weight bearing with arms, hands, shoulders or head. Visuomotor is relating to or denoting the coordination of movement and visual perception by the brain.

Ballet is a type of performance dance that originated during the Italian Renaissance in the fifteenth century and later developed into a concert dance form in France and Russia.

Concert Dance is dance performed for an audience. It is frequently performed in a theatre setting, though this is not a requirement, and it is usually choreographed and performed to set music.

Choreography is the art or practice of designing sequences of movements of physical bodies, or their depictions, in which motion, form, or both are specified. Choreography may also refer to the design itself. A choreographer is one who creates choreographies by practicing the art of choreography, a process known as choreographing, which is composing a sequence of dance steps, often to music, and planning and overseeing the development and details of a production. Choreography is used in a variety of fields, including musical theater, cheerleading, cinematography, gymnastics, fashion shows, ice skating, marching band, show choir, theatre, synchronized swimming, cardistry, video game production and animated art. In the performing arts, choreography applies to human movement and form. In dance, choreography is also known as dance choreography or dance composition.

Coordination - Multitasking - Stage Manager

Movement Director arranges actors' movements in a variety of production settings that include theatre, television, film, opera, fashion and animation. Movement directors usually work closely with the director and the performers, collaborating with the creative team to realize the physical life of a work. They propose a physical language to performers and directors, and devise training methods or teach skills that will help facilitate a specific physical style. The movement director may create, or research and pass on, embodied information about etiquette, ethnicities (including proxemics, gestural language, social codes, etc.), a character’s condition (related to medical conditions within their historical context, and factors such as inebriation, pregnancy, etc.) and personal journey (ageing, etc.), as well as specialist movement (e.g. period dances, dexterity in falling, lifts and acrobatics, animal work, cross-gendered performance) or chorus work. Although choreography is part of a movement directors’ skill-set, this does not mean that every choreographer is also a movement director. There are also important differences between the movement director and the fight director, where although the movement director will engage with the effect of the relevant weapons on posture, movement and emotional state, the fight choreography itself is directed by the specifically qualified fight director. Specialist movement consultants may focus on other specific areas.

Dancing Mania was a social phenomenon that occurred primarily in mainland Europe between the 14th and 17th centuries. It involved groups of people dancing erratically, sometimes thousands at a time. The mania affected adults and children who danced until they collapsed from exhaustion and injuries. One of the first major outbreaks was in Aachen, in the Holy Roman Empire (in modern-day Germany), in 1374, and it quickly spread throughout Europe; one particularly notable outbreak occurred in Strasbourg in 1518 in Alsace, also in the Holy Roman Empire (now France). Affecting thousands of people across several centuries, dancing mania was not an isolated event, and was well documented in contemporary reports. "Dancing mania" is derived from the term "choreomania", from the Greek choros (dance) and mania (madness). Theories suggest that the symptoms were similar to encephalitis, epilepsy, and typhus, but as with ergotism, those conditions cannot account for all symptoms. Mass Psychogenic illness.

Stage Combat is a specialized technique in theatre designed to create the illusion of physical combat without causing harm to the performers. It's employed in live stage plays as well as operatic and ballet productions.

Acrobatics is the performance of extraordinary human feats of balance, agility, and motor coordination. It can be found in many of the performing arts, sporting events, and martial arts. Acrobatics is most often associated with activities that make extensive use of gymnastic elements, such as acro dance, circus, and gymnastics, but many other athletic activities — such as ballet and diving — may also employ acrobatics. Although acrobatics is most commonly associated with human body performance, it may also apply to other types of performance, such as aerobatics.

Gymnastics is a sport that includes exercises requiring balance, strength, flexibility, agility, coordination and endurance. The movements involved in gymnastics contribute to the development of the arms, legs, shoulders, back, chest and abdominal muscle groups. Alertness, precision, daring, self-confidence and self-discipline are mental traits that can also be developed through gymnastics. Gymnastics evolved from exercises used by the ancient Greeks that included skills for mounting and dismounting a horse, and from circus performance skills. Other disciplines include rhythmic gymnastics, trampolining and tumbling, acrobatic gymnastics and aerobic gymnastics. Disciplines not currently recognized by FIG include wheel gymnastics, aesthetic group gymnastics, men's rhythmic gymnastics, TeamGym and mallakhamba.

Cheerleading routines typically contain components of tumbling, dance, jumps, cheers, and stunting. are defined as building performances displaying a person's skill or dexterity.

Musical is a film genre in which songs sung by the characters are interwoven into the narrative, sometimes accompanied by dancing.

Playwright is a person who writes plays. Also known as a dramatist.

Casting in performing arts is a pre-production process for selecting a certain type of actor, dancer, singer, or extra for a particular role or part in a script, screenplay, or teleplay. This process is typically utilized for a motion picture, television program, documentary, music video, play, or television advertisement, etc. This involvement in a dramatic production, advertisement, and or industrial video is intended for an audience, or studio audience.

Audition is a sample performance by an actor, singer, musician, dancer or other performer. It typically involves the performer displaying their talent through a previously memorized and rehearsed solo piece or by performing a work or piece given to the performer at the audition or shortly before. In some cases, such as with a model or acrobat, the individual may be asked to demonstrate a range of professional skills. Actors may be asked to present a monologue. Singers will perform a song in a popular music context or an aria in a Classical context. A dancer will present a routine in a specific style, such as ballet, tap dance or hip-hop, or show his or her ability to quickly learn a choreographed dance piece. The audition is a systematic process in which industry professionals select performers, which is in some ways analogous to a job interview in the regular job market. In an audition, the employer is testing the ability of the applicant to meet the needs of the job and assess how well the individual will take directions and deal with changes. After some auditions, after the performer has demonstrated their abilities in a given performance style, the audition panel may ask a few questions that resemble those used in standard job interviews (e.g., regarding availability). Auditions are required for many reasons in the performing arts world. Often, employing companies or groups use auditions to select performers for upcoming shows or productions. An audition for a performing opportunity may be for a single performance (e.g., doing a monologue at a comedy club), for a series or season of performances (a season of a Broadway play), or for permanent employment with the performing organization (e.g., an orchestra or dance troupe). Auditions for performing opportunities may be for amateur, school, or community organizations, in which case the performers will typically not be paid. As well, auditions are used to select or screen candidates for entry to training programs (ballet school or circus school); university programs (B.Mus, M.Mus, MFA in Theater); performance-related scholarships and grants; or to be considered for representation by a talent agency or individual agent. Competence - Body Smart.

Screen Test is a method of determining the suitability of an actor or actress for performing on film or in a particular role. The performer is generally given a scene, or selected lines and actions, and instructed to perform in front of a camera to see if they are suitable. The developed film is later evaluated by the relevant production personnel such as the casting director and the director. The actor may be asked to bring a prepared monologue or alternatively, the actor may be given a script to read at sight ("cold reading"). In some cases, the actor may be asked to read a scene, in which another performer reads the lines of another character.

Cameo Appearance is a brief appearance or voice part of a known person in a work of the performing arts. These roles are generally small, many of them non-speaking ones, and are commonly either appearances in a work in which they hold some special significance (such as actors from an original movie appearing in its remake) or renowned people making uncredited appearances.

Extra in acting is a performer in a film, television show, stage, musical, opera or ballet production, who appears in a nonspeaking or nonsinging (silent) capacity, usually in the background (for example, in an audience or busy street scene).

Stunt Performer is a stuntman or stuntwoman who is a trained professional who performs daring acts, often as a career. Stunt performers usually appear in films or on television, as opposed to a daredevil, who performs for a live audience. When they take the place of another actor, they are known as stunt doubles.

Stunt is an unusual and difficult physical feat or an act requiring a special skill, performed for artistic purposes usually on television, theaters, or cinema. Stunts are a feature of many action films. Before computer generated imagery special effects, these effects were limited to the use of models, false perspective and other in-camera effects, unless the creator could find someone willing to jump from car to car or hang from the edge of a skyscraper: the stunt performer or stunt double.

Stunt Double a cross between a body double and a stunt performer, specifically a skilled replacement used for dangerous film or video sequences, such as jumping out of a building or from vehicle to vehicle, and for other sophisticated stunts (especially fight scenes). Stunt doubles may be used in cases where an actor's physical condition or age precludes much activity, or when an actor is contractually prohibited from taking certain risks. A dance double performs the dangerous or physically difficult dance parts of a character's role. Stunt doubles should be distinguished from daredevils, who perform stunts for the sake of the stunt alone, often as a career. Sequences often do not place stunt doubles in the same mortal peril as the characters: for example, harnesses and wires can be digitally edited out of the final film. Body Double is a person who substitutes in a scene for another actor such that the person's face is not shown. Dance Double is a type of stunt double who steps in and performs the dangerous or physically difficult dance parts of a character's role in film or television. Doppelganger.

The Texas Switch is a technique used in cinematography, VFX, and stunts where a character does an incredible or elaborate stunt that invisibly transitions from lead actor to stunt performer through clever staging and camera movement.

People love to see other people skillfully express themselves and at the same time show an example of human coordinated abilities in a creative way, which makes other people become more aware of human potential and possibilities. Look what I can do. Look what I have learned. Now it's time for you to show me what you have learned. Everyone has a skill, and everyone has the ability to learn new skills. Performance artists remind us of our amazing potential, it is great service, like many other great services that humans provide.

Art Education

Art School is an educational institution with a primary focus on the visual arts, including fine art, especially illustration, painting, photography, sculpture, and graphic design. Art schools are institutions with elementary, secondary, post-secondary or undergraduate, or graduate or postgraduate programs in these areas.

Photography - Colors - Film - Music - Exhibition - Festivals

Liberal Arts are those subjects or skills that were considered essential for a free person to know in order to take an active part in civic life, included participating in public debate, defending oneself in court, serving on juries, and most importantly, military service. Grammar, logic, and rhetoric were the core liberal arts, while arithmetic, geometry, the theory of music, and astronomy also played a somewhat lesser part in education. Today it can refer to academic subjects such as literature, philosophy, mathematics, and social and physical sciences, or it can also refer to overall studies in a liberal arts degree program. For example, Harvard University offers a Bachelor of Arts degree, which covers the social and physical sciences as well as the humanities. For both interpretations, the term generally refers to matters not relating to the professional, vocational, or technical curriculum. Liberal arts started in Classical Antiquity or Ancient Greece. (Latin: liberalis, "worthy of a free person").

Visual Arts Education is the area of learning that is based upon only the kind of art that one can see, visual arts—drawing, painting, sculpture, and design in jewelry, pottery, weaving, fabrics, etc. and design applied to more practical fields such as commercial graphics and home furnishings. Contemporary topics include photography, video, film, design, and computer art. Art education may focus on students creating art, on learning to criticize or appreciate art, or some combination of the two.

Teaching Artist are professional artists who teach and integrate their art form, perspectives, and skills into a wide range of settings. Teaching Artists work with schools, after school programs, community agencies, prisons, jails, and social service agencies. The Arts In Education movement grew from the work of Teaching Artists in schools. Art Teacher Degrees.

Arts in Education is an expanding field of educational research and practice informed by investigations into learning through arts experiences. In this context, the arts can include Performing arts education (dance, drama, music), literature and poetry, storytelling, Visual arts education in film, craft, design, digital arts, media and photography. It is distinguished from art education by being not so much about teaching art, but focused on: How to improve learning through the arts. How to transfer learning in and through the arts to other disciplines. Discovering and creating understanding of human behavior, thinking, potential, and learning especially through the close observation of works of art and various forms of involvement in arts experiences. Arts integrated learning is a way to teach artistic skills in conjunction with academic material. This approach to education values the process and experiential learning as much as creation of art object or performance oriented learning.

Arts Integration is an approach to teaching that integrates the fine and performing arts as primary pathways to learning. Arts integration differs from traditional education by its inclusion of both the arts discipline and a traditional subject as part of learning (e.g. using improvisational drama skills to learn about conflict in writing.) The goal of arts integration is to increase knowledge of a general subject area while concurrently fostering a greater understanding and appreciation of the fine and performing arts.

Arts-Based Environmental Education brings art education and environmental education together in one undertaking. The approach has two essential characteristics. The first is that it refers to a specific kind of environmental education that starts off from an artistic approach. Different from other types of outdoor or environmental education which offer room for aesthetic experiences, AEE turns the tables in a fundamental way. Art is not an added quality, the icing on the cake; it is rather the point of departure in the effort to find ways in which people can connect to their environment. A second fundamental characteristic is that AEE is one of the first contemporary approaches of bringing together artistic practice and environmental education in which practitioners also made an attempt to formulate an epistemology.

Artist Retreat is like a boot camp for creativity where your skill level can increase in a short time, while also making connections with other artists, having fun, and visiting gorgeous locations all over the world. An artist retreat may include some yoga, meditation, and breath work, or anything to get creative juices flowing and to facilitate an environment for deep focus within your creative cocoon without any outside pressures.

Art Club is a club that can help to promote curiosity. It encourages knowledge gathering and develops a persons imagination and creative thinking. It can also help improve social skills and help with expressing emotions.

Art Class is where you learn about brushes, paints, mediums, strokes, how to prepare your surface, how to paint, how to take care of your tools.

Art Workshop is where you learn a particular artist's methods. It's a place used for purposes such as commercial photography, painting, art, needlework, tapestry making, pottery making, hand weaving or sculpting, and includes a gallery for displaying or selling goods provided that such gallery is ancillary to the production process.

Artist in Residence encompasses a wide spectrum of artistic programs that involve a collaboration between artists and hosting organizations, institutions, or communities. They are programs which provide artists with space and resources to support their artistic practice. Contemporary artist residencies are becoming increasingly thematic, with artists working together with their host in pursuit of a specific outcome related to a particular theme. They can provide a time of reflection, research, presentation and/or production. They also allow an individual to explore his/her practice within another community; meeting new people, using new materials, experiencing life in a new location. Art residencies emphasize the importance of meaningful and multi-layered cultural exchange and immersion into another culture.

Art Therapy is a creative method of expression used as a therapeutic technique. Art therapy originated in the fields of art and psychotherapy and may vary in definition. Music Therapy - Aroma Therapy.

Related Subjects - Creative Thinking - Creative Writing - Motor Skills - Innovation - Ideas - Philosophy - Meaning - Visual Variable Tools - Spatial intelligence - Communication - Colors - Culture - Self-Directed Learning - Problem Solving.

You can use a thousand words to describe a particular artwork, and sometimes use only one. Art is something but never nothing. Art is self-examination. Art is Love. Art is God. Art is a Vision. Art is a Dream. Art is a Journey. Art is the ability to see things before they even exist. To start the unknown. Art is sometimes a question. Art sometimes tells a story. Art sometimes is a historical marker. Art is sometimes transcendent. Art sometimes inspires new ideas. Art is the joy of doing something new. Art is a pause in infinity to stop and think. Art is creating and recreating. Art is having fun exploring your imagination. Art is sometimes just exploring possibilities with no clear intention. Art is sometimes intentionally unexplainable with no real definition. Art is to speak a new language. Art is to communicate on a different level. Art is an incredible physical skill and an incredible mental skill of expression and vision. Art is either defined or undefined. Art is everything and everything is Art. Art is creating magic from the physical world. Art is an idea that has come alive to take shape.

Art Categories

There are many different types, styles, genres and categories of art.

Art Types Abstract Art uses a visual language of shape, form, color and line to create a composition which may exist with a degree of independence from visual references in the world.

Abstract - Non-Conformist - Digital - Carving - Animate - Visual

Conceptual is art in which the concept or idea involved in the work is more important or takes precedence over the traditional aesthetic and material concerns.

Expressionism is to present the world solely from a subjective perspective, distorting it radically for emotional effect in order to evoke moods or ideas. Expressionist artists sought to express the meaning of emotional experience rather than physical reality.

Impressionism is characterized by relatively small, thin, yet visible brush strokes, open composition, emphasis on accurate depiction of light in its changing qualities (often accentuating the effects of the passage of time), ordinary subject matter, inclusion of movement as a crucial element of human perception and experience, and unusual visual angles.

Modernism are the activities and creations of those who felt the traditional forms of art, architecture, literature, religious faith, philosophy, social organization, activities of daily life, and even the sciences, were becoming ill-fitted to their tasks and outdated in the new economic, social, and political environment of an emerging fully industrialized world.

Neoclassicism is the name given to Western movements in the decorative and visual arts, literature, theatre, music, and architecture that draw inspiration from the "classical" art and culture of Ancient Greece or Ancient Rome.

Futurism emphasized speed, technology, youth, and violence, and objects such as the car, the aeroplane, and the industrial city. Although it was largely an Italian phenomenon, there were parallel movements in Russia, England, Belgium and elsewhere. The Futurists practiced in every medium of art including painting, sculpture, ceramics, graphic design, industrial design, interior design, urban design, theatre, film, fashion, textiles, literature, music, architecture, and even Futurist meals.

Fantasy - Graffiti - Works on Paper - Prints and Drawings - Textiles

Surrealism is visual artworks and writings with the aim to "resolve the previously contradictory conditions of dream and reality". Artists painted unnerving, illogical scenes with photographic precision, created strange creatures from everyday objects and developed painting techniques that allowed the unconscious to express itself.

Symbolism was largely a reaction against naturalism and realism, anti-idealistic styles which were attempts to represent reality in its gritty particularity, and to elevate the humble and the ordinary over the ideal. Symbolism was a reaction in favour of spirituality, the imagination, and dreams.

Rock Art is human-made markings placed on natural surfaces, typically vertical stone surfaces. A high proportion of surviving historic and prehistoric rock art is found in caves or partly enclosed rock shelters. This type also may be called cave art or parietal art. A global phenomenon, rock art is found in many culturally diverse regions of the world. It has been produced in many contexts throughout human history. In terms of technique, the main groups are cave paintings, petroglyphs, which are carved or scratched into the rock surface, sculpted rock reliefs and geoglyphs, which are formed on the ground.

Representation is the use of signs that stand in for and take the place of something else.

Realism is the attempt to represent subject matter truthfully, without artificiality and avoiding artistic conventions, implausible, exotic and supernatural elements.

Hyper-Realism is a genre of painting and sculpture resembling a high-resolution photograph. Hyperrealism is considered an advancement of Photorealism by the methods used to create the resulting paintings or sculptures.

Photorealism is a genre of art that encompasses painting, drawing and other graphic media, in which an artist studies a photograph and then attempts to reproduce the image as realistically as possible in another medium. Although the term can be used broadly to describe artworks in many different media, it is also used to refer specifically to a group of paintings and painters of the American art movement that began in the late 1960s and early 1970s.

Naturalism in art refers to the depiction of realistic objects in a natural setting. The Realist movement of the 19th century advocated naturalism in reaction to the stylized and idealized depictions of subjects in Romanticism, but many painters have used a similar approach over the centuries.

Useful Art is concerned with the skills and methods of practical subjects such as manufacture and craftsmanship. The phrase has now gone out of fashion, but it was used during the Victorian era and earlier as an antonym to the performing art and the fine art.

Gourd is occasionally used to describe crop plants in the family Cucurbitaceae, like pumpkins, cucumbers, squash, luffa, and melons.

Formalism is the study of art by analyzing and comparing form and style—the way objects are made and their purely visual aspects. In painting, formalism emphasizes compositional elements such as color, line, shape, texture, and other perceptual aspects rather than iconography or the historical and social context. At its extreme, formalism in art history posits that everything necessary to comprehending a work of art is contained within the work of art. The context for the work, including the reason for its creation, the historical background, and the life of the artist, that is, its conceptual aspect is considered to be of secondary importance. Anti-formalism in art would assert the opposite ascription of respectively primary and secondary importance.

Installation Art is an artistic genre of three-dimensional works that often are site-specific and designed to transform the perception of a space. Generally, the term is applied to interior spaces, whereas exterior interventions are often called public art, land art or intervention art; however, the boundaries between these terms overlap.

Objet d'Art describes works of art that are not paintings, large or medium-sized sculptures, prints or drawings. It therefore covers a wide range of works, usually small and three-dimensional, of high quality and finish in areas of the decorative arts, such as metalwork items, with or without enamel, small carvings, statuettes and plaquettes in any material, including engraved gems, hardstone carvings, ivory carvings including Japanese netsuke and similar items, non-utilitarian porcelain and glass, and a vast range of objects that would also be classed as antiques (or indeed antiquities), such as small clocks, watches, gold boxes, and sometimes textiles, especially tapestries. Books with fine bookbindings might be included. Means literally "art object", or work of art.

Appropriation Art is the use of pre-existing objects or images with little or no transformation applied to them. The use of appropriation has played a significant role in the history of the arts (literary, visual, musical and performing arts). In the visual arts, to appropriate means to properly adopt, borrow, recycle or sample aspects (or the entire form) of human-made visual culture. Inherent in our understanding of appropriation is the concept that the new work recontextualizes whatever it borrows to create the new work. In most cases the original 'thing' remains accessible as the original, without change.

Intermedia describes various inter-disciplinary art activities that occurred between genres in the 1960s. The areas such as those between drawing and poetry, or between painting and theatre could be described as "intermedia". With repeated occurrences, these new genres between genres could develop their own names (e.g. visual poetry, performance art); historically, an example is haiga, which combined brush painting and haiku into one composition.

Indian Art consists of a variety of art forms, including plastic arts (e.g., pottery sculpture), visual arts (e.g., paintings), and textile arts (e.g., woven silk). Geographically, it spans the entire Indian subcontinent, including what is now India, Pakistan and Bangladesh. A strong sense of design is characteristic of Indian art and can be observed in its modern and traditional forms.

Art of Europe encompasses the history of visual art in Europe. European prehistoric art started as mobile rock, and cave painting art, and was characteristic of the period between the Paleolithic and the Iron Age.

Art Nouveau is an international style of art, architecture and applied art, especially the decorative arts, known in different languages by different names: Jugendstil in German, Stile Liberty in Italian, Modernisme in Catalan, etc. In English it is also known as the Modern Style (not to be confused with Modernism and Modern architecture). The style was most popular between 1890 and 1910. It was a reaction against the academic art, eclecticism and historicism of 19th century architecture and decoration. It was often inspired by natural forms such as the sinuous curves of plants and flowers. Other characteristics of Art Nouveau were a sense of dynamism and movement, often given by asymmetry or "whiplash" curves, and the use of modern materials, particularly iron, glass, ceramics and later concrete, to create unusual forms and larger open spaces. One major objective of Art Nouveau was to break down the traditional distinction between fine arts (especially painting and sculpture) and applied arts. It was most widely used in interior design, graphic arts, furniture, glass art, textiles, ceramics, jewelry and metal work. The style responded to leading 19-century theoreticians, such as French architect Eugène-Emmanuel Viollet-le-Duc (1814–1879) and British art critic John Ruskin (1819–1900). In Britain, it was influenced by William Morris and the Arts and Crafts movement. German architects and designers sought a spiritually uplifting Gesamtkunstwerk (“total work of art”) that would unify the architecture, furnishings, and art in the interior in a common style, to uplift and inspire the residents. The first Art Nouveau houses and interior decoration appeared in Brussels in the 1890s, in the architecture and interior design of houses designed by Paul Hankar, Henry Van de Velde, and especially Victor Horta, whose Hôtel Tassel was completed in 1893. It moved quickly to Paris, where it was adapted by Hector Guimard, who saw Horta's work in Brussels and applied the style for the entrances of the new Paris Metro. It reached its peak at the 1900 Paris International Exposition, which introduced the Art Nouveau work of artists such as Louis Tiffany. It appeared in graphic arts in the posters of Alphonse Mucha, and the glassware of René Lalique and Émile Gallé. From Belgium and France, it spread to the rest of Europe, taking on different names and characteristics in each country (see Naming section below). It often appeared not only in capitals, but also in rapidly growing cities that wanted to establish artistic identities (Turin and Palermo in Italy; Glasgow in Scotland; Munich and Darmstadt in Germany), as well as in centres of independence movements (Helsinki in Finland, then part of the Russian Empire; Barcelona in Catalonia, Spain). By 1910, Art Nouveau's influence had faded. It was replaced as the dominant European architectural and decorative style first by Art Deco and then by Modernism. Then it was reborn in the 1960's in America.

Contemporary Art is the art of today, produced by artists who are living in the twenty-first century. Contemporary art provides an opportunity to reflect on contemporary society and the issues relevant to ourselves, and the world around us. Contemporary artists work in a globally influenced, culturally diverse, and technologically advancing world. Their art is a dynamic combination of materials, methods, concepts, and subjects that challenge traditional boundaries and defy easy definition. Diverse and eclectic, contemporary art as a whole is distinguished by the very lack of a uniform, organizing principle, ideology, or ‘ism.’ Contemporary art is part of a cultural dialogue that concerns larger contextual frameworks such as personal and cultural identity, family, community, and nationality.

Outsider Art is art by self-taught or naïve art makers. Typically, those labeled as outsider artists have little or no contact with the mainstream art world or art institutions. In many cases, their work is discovered only after their deaths. Often, outsider art illustrates extreme mental states, unconventional ideas, or elaborate fantasy worlds. Art Brut (French: "raw art" or "rough art"), describe art created outside the boundaries of official culture; Dubuffet focused particularly on art by those on the outside of the established art scene, using as examples psychiatric hospital patients and children. Outsider Art Fair.

Fine Art is art developed primarily for aesthetics or beauty, distinguishing it from decorative art or applied art, which also has to serve some practical function, such as pottery or most metalwork. In the aesthetic theories developed in the Italian Renaissance, the highest art was that which allowed the full expression and display of the artist's imagination, unrestricted by any of the practical considerations involved in, say, making and decorating a teapot. It was also considered important that making the artwork did not involve dividing the work between different individuals with specialized skills, as might be necessary with a piece of furniture, for example. Even within the fine arts, there was a hierarchy of genres based on the amount of creative imagination required, with history painting placed higher than still life. Historically, the five main fine arts were painting, sculpture, architecture, music, and poetry, with performing arts including theatre and dance. In practice, outside education the concept is typically only applied to the visual arts. The old master print and drawing were included as related forms to painting, just as prose forms of literature were to poetry. Today, the range of what would be considered fine arts (in so far as the term remains in use) commonly includes additional modern forms, such as film, photography, video production/editing, design, and conceptual art.

Feng Shui is a Chinese philosophical system of harmonizing everyone with the surrounding environment. It is closely linked to Taoism. Aesthetics.

Landscaping (esthetic effects using plants) - Architecture (engineering)

Decorative Arts are arts or crafts whose object is the design and manufacture of objects that are both beautiful and functional. It includes interior design, but not usually architecture. The decorative arts are often categorized in distinction to the "fine arts", namely painting, drawing, photography, and large-scale sculpture, which generally produce objects solely for their aesthetic quality and capacity to stimulate the intellect. Jewelry

Cake Decorating is one of the sugar arts that uses icing or frosting and other edible decorative elements to make plain cakes more visually interesting. Alternatively, cakes can be molded and sculpted to resemble three-dimensional persons, places and things.

Pastry Chef is a station chef in a professional kitchen, skilled in the making of pastries, desserts, breads and other baked goods. They are employed in large hotels, bistros, restaurants, bakeries, and some cafés.

Food Preparation Outline (PDF) - Cooking (art of eating)

How to Make Carrot Flowers, Vegetable Carving Garnish, Sushi Garnish, Food Decoration (youtube)

How to make Vegetable Garnish, Food Decoration, Plating Garnishes, Food Presentation, Food Art (youtube)

Visual Art - Visual Effects

Visual Arts are art forms such as ceramics, drawing, painting, sculpture, printmaking, design, crafts, photography, video, filmmaking, literature, and architecture. Many artistic disciplines (performing arts, conceptual art, textile arts) involve aspects of the visual arts as well as arts of other types. Also included within the visual arts are the applied arts such as industrial design, graphic design, fashion design, interior design and decorative art.

How Filmmakers Make Cameras Disappear | Mirrors in Movies (youtube)

Imagery - Light Effects - Visual Artists Rights Act - Performing Arts - Robotics - Virtual Reality

Visual Effects or VFX is the process by which imagery is created or manipulated outside the context of a live action shot in film making. Visual effects involve in the integration of live-action footage (special effects) and generated imagery (digital effects) to create environments which look realistic, but would be dangerous, expensive, impractical, time consuming or impossible to capture on film. Visual effects using Computer-Generated Imagery or CGI have recently become accessible to the independent filmmaker with the introduction of affordable and easy-to-use animation and compositing software.

Visual Effects Society - Industrial Light & Magic, ILM.

Drone Display is the use of multiple unmanned aerial vehicles or drones, often quadcopters, flying in a coordinated fashion for public display. They are usually equipped with LEDs, and the display held at night. The displays may be for entertainment, where the drones may use flocking or swarming behavior. The drones may also be coordinated to produce images. Using this emerging technologies, displays have been employed for advertising purposes as well.

Kuleshov Effect is a mental phenomenon by which viewers derive more meaning from the interaction of two sequential shots than from a single shot in isolation.

Digital Art - CGI

Computer Graphics are pictures and films created using computers. Usually, the term refers to computer-generated image data created with help from specialized graphical hardware and software. It is a vast and recent area in computer science. CG (movies).

Computer Generated Imagery is the application of computer graphics to create or contribute to images in art, printed media, video games, films, television programs, shorts, commercials, videos, and simulators. The visual scenes may be dynamic or static and may be two-dimensional (2D), though the term "CGI" is most commonly used to refer to 3D computer graphics used for creating scenes or special effects in films and television. Additionally, the use of 2D CGI is often mistakenly referred to as "traditional animation", most often in the case when dedicated animation software such as Adobe Flash or Toon Boom is not used or the CGI is hand drawn using a tablet and mouse. 'The Works' 3D Computer Animated Film (1986) - Toy Story (1995).

Virtual Reality - 3D Software - Cinematic Techniques (PDF) - Fake Videos - Creating video from text using SORA AI.

Interactive Art is a form of art that involves the spectator in a way that allows the art to achieve its purpose. Some interactive art installations achieve this by letting the observer or visitor "walk" in, on, and around them; some others ask the artist or the spectators to become part of the artwork.

New Media Art refers to artworks created with new media technologies, including digital art, computer graphics, computer animation, virtual art, Internet art, interactive art, sound art, video games, computer robotics, 3D printing, cyborg art and art as biotechnology. The term differentiates itself by its resulting cultural objects and social events, which can be seen in opposition to those deriving from old visual arts (i.e. traditional painting, sculpture, etc.).

Internet Art is a form of new media art distributed via the Internet. This form of art circumvents the traditional dominance of the physical gallery and museum system. In many cases, the viewer is drawn into some kind of interaction with the work of art. Artists working in this manner are sometimes referred to as net artists.

Digital Art is an artistic work or practice that uses digital technology as an essential part of the creative or presentation process. Since the 1970s, various names have been used to describe the process including computer art and multimedia art, and digital art is itself placed under the larger umbrella term new media art. Light Art.

Non-Fungible Token is a special type of cryptographic token which represents something unique; non-fungible tokens are thus not mutually interchangeable. This is in contrast to cryptocurrencies like bitcoin, and many network or utility tokens, that are fungible in nature. Non-fungible tokens are used to create verifiable digital scarcity, as well as digital ownership, and the possibility of asset interoperability across multiple platforms. NFTs are used in several specific applications that require unique digital items like crypto art, digital collectibles, and online gaming. Art was an early use case for NFTs, and blockchain in general, because of its ability to provide proof of authenticity and ownership of digital art that has otherwise had to contend with the potential for mass reproduction and unauthorized distribution of art through the internet.

Fungibility is the property of a good or a commodity whose individual units are essentially interchangeable, and each of its parts is indistinguishable from another part.

Crypto Art is a category of art related to blockchain technology. Emerging as a niche genre of artistic work following the development of blockchain networks such as Bitcoin and Ethereum in the mid to late 2010s, crypto art quickly grew in popularity in large part because of the unprecedented ability afforded by the underlying technology for purely digital artworks to be bought, sold, or collected by anyone in a decentralized manner. CryptoPunks (wiki).

The Imaginarium is a production company linked to a digital performance-capture studio based in London.

Motion Capture is the process of recording the movement of objects or people.

Stop Motion is an animated filmmaking technique in which objects are physically manipulated in small increments between individually photographed frames so that they will appear to exhibit independent motion when the series of frames is played back as a slow sequence. Objects with movable joints or clay figures are often used in stop motion for their ease of repositioning. Stop-motion animation using plasticine figures is called clay animation or "clay-mation". Not all stop motion, however, requires figures or models: stop-motion films can also be made using humans, household appliances, and other objects, usually for comedic effect. Stop motion using humans is sometimes referred to as pixilation.

Practical Effect is a special effect produced physically, without computer-generated imagery or other post production techniques. In some contexts, "special effect" is used as a synonym of "practical effect", in contrast to "visual effects" which are created in post-production through photographic manipulation or computer generation. Many of the staples of action movies are practical effects. Gunfire, bullet wounds, rain, wind, fire, and explosions can all be produced on a movie set by someone skilled in practical effects. Non-human characters and creatures produced with make-up, prosthetics, masks, and puppets – in contrast to computer-generated images – are also examples of practical effects.

Digital Compositing is the process of digitally assembling multiple images to make a final image, typically for print, motion pictures or screen display. It is the digital analogue of optical film compositing.

Vector Graphics is the use of polygons to represent images in computer graphics. Vector graphics are based on vectors, which lead through locations called control points or nodes. Each of these points has a definite position on the x- and y-axes of the work plane and determines the direction of the path; further, each path may be assigned various attributes, including such values as stroke color, shape, curve, thickness, and fill.

Raster Graphics image is a dot matrix data structure, representing a generally rectangular grid of pixels, or points of color, viewable via a monitor, paper, or other display medium. Raster images are stored in image files with varying formats. A bitmap, a single-bit raster, corresponds bit-for-bit with an image displayed on a screen, generally in the same format used for storage in the display's video memory, or maybe as a device-independent bitmap. A raster is technically characterized by the width and height of the image in pixels and by the number of bits per pixel (or color depth, which determines the number of colors it can represent). The printing and prepress industries know raster graphics as contones (from "continuous tones"). The opposite to contones is "line work", usually implemented as vector graphics in digital systems.

Computer scientists make more realistic in computer graphics using glint algorithm.

Math - Algorithms

Lithophane is an etched or molded artwork in very thin translucent porcelain that can be seen clearly only when back lit with a light source. It is a design or scene in intaglio that appears "en grisaille" (in gray) tones. A lithophane presents a three-dimensional image – completely different from two-dimensional engravings and daguerreotypes that are "flat". The images change characteristics depending on the light source behind them. Window lithophane panel scenes change throughout the day depending on the amount of sunlight. The varying lightsource is what makes lithophanes more interesting to the viewer than two-dimensional pictures. The word "lithophane" derives from Greek "litho", which is from "lithos" which means stone or rock, and "phainein" meaning "to cause to appear" or "to cause to appear suddenly". From this is derived a meaning for lithophane of "light in stone" or to "appear in stone" as the three-dimensional image appears suddenly when lit with a back light source.

Photography - Film

Photography is the science, art, application and practice of creating durable images by recording light or other electromagnetic radiation, either electronically by means of an image sensor, or chemically by means of a light-sensitive material such as photographic film. "A Picture may paint a thousand words or a picture is worth a thousand words, but of course words and descriptions are needed because most people cannot fully understand a picture or a video all alone by itself".

Smithsonian has released more than 2.8 million images you can use for free - Arts and Culture-Google - AP Images Blog - AP Images - AP News - Graciela Iturbide.

Camera is an optical instrument for capturing still images or for recording moving images ("video"), which are stored in a physical medium such as in a digital system or on photographic film. The camera is the main instrument in the art of photography and captured images may be reproduced later as a part of the process of photography, digital imaging and photographic printing.

Camera Obscura or pinhole image, is the natural optical phenomenon that occurs when an image of a scene at the other side of a screen (or for instance a wall) is projected through a small hole in that screen as a reversed and inverted image (left to right and upside down) on a surface opposite to the opening. The surroundings of the projected image have to be relatively dark for the image to be clear, so many historical camera obscura experiments were performed in dark rooms. Building a Next-Level Camera - Episcope Lens (youtube).

Digital Fine Art - Photographers - Journalism

Photographic Film is a strip or sheet of transparent plastic film base coated on one side with a gelatin emulsion containing microscopically small light-sensitive silver halide crystals. The sizes and other characteristics of the crystals determine the sensitivity, contrast and resolution of the film.

Photograph is an image created by light falling on a light-sensitive surface, usually photographic film or an electronic medium such as a CCD or a CMOS chip. Most photographs are created using a camera, which uses a lens to focus the scene's visible wavelengths of light into a reproduction of what the human eye would see. Color Displays - Depth Perception.

Image is an artifact that depicts visual perception, for example, a photo or a two-dimensional picture, that has a similar appearance to some subject—usually a physical object or a person, thus providing a depiction of it. An iconic mental representation. A simple picture that which presents an intellectual and emotional complex in an instant of time. A visual representation (of an object or scene or person or abstraction) produced on a surface A standard or typical example. Language used in a figurative or non-literal sense. Someone who closely resembles a famous person (especially an actor). A personal facade that one presents to the world. (mathematics) the set of values of the dependent variable for which a function is defined. The general impression that something (a person or organization or product) presents to the public. A representation of a person (especially in the form of sculpture). Render visible, as by means of MRI. Imagine; conceive of; see in one's mind.

Tilt is a cinematographic technique in which the camera stays in a fixed position but rotates up/down in a vertical plane. Tilting the camera results in a motion similar to someone raising or lowering their head to look up or down. It is distinguished from panning in which the camera is horizontally pivoted left or right. Pan and tilt can be used simultaneously. In some situations the lens itself may be tilted with respect to the fixed camera body in order to generate greater depth of focus.

Dutch Angle is a type of camera shot which involves setting the camera at an angle on its roll axis so that the shot is composed with vertical lines at an angle to the side of the frame, or so that the horizon line of the shot is not parallel with the bottom of the camera frame. This produces a viewpoint akin to tilting one's head to the side. In cinematography, the Dutch angle is one of many cinematic techniques often used to portray psychological uneasiness or tension in the subject being filmed. The Dutch tilt is strongly associated with the German movie scene during the expressionist movement, which used the Dutch angle extensively. The Dutch angle is also known as Dutch tilt, canted angle, or oblique angle.

Depth of Focus is a lens optics concept that measures the tolerance of placement of the image plane (the film plane in a camera) in relation to the lens. In a camera, depth of focus indicates the tolerance of the film's displacement within the camera and is therefore sometimes referred to as "lens-to-film tolerance".

Depth of Field is the distance between the nearest and the farthest objects that are in acceptably sharp focus in an image. The depth of field can be calculated based on focal length, distance to subject, the acceptable circle of confusion size, and aperture. A particular depth of field may be chosen for technical or artistic purposes. Limitations of depth of field can sometimes be overcome with various techniques/equipment.
Reducing the aperture diameter or increasing the f-number, increases the DOF because only the light travelling at shallower angles passes through the aperture. Because the angles are shallow, the light rays are within the acceptable circle of confusion for a greater distance.

Butterfly-inspired nanotech makes natural-looking pictures on digital screens.

Edge Enhancement is an image processing filter that enhances the edge contrast of an image or video in an attempt to improve its acutance (apparent sharpness). The filter works by identifying sharp edge boundaries in the image, such as the edge between a subject and a background of a contrasting color, and increasing the image contrast in the area immediately around the edge. This has the effect of creating subtle bright and dark highlights on either side of any edges in the image, called overshoot and undershoot, leading the edge to look more defined when viewed from a typical viewing distance.

Cinematography is the science or art of motion-picture photography by recording light or other electromagnetic radiation, either electronically by means of an image sensor, or chemically by means of a light-sensitive material such as film stock.

Every Best Cinematography Winner. Ever. (1929-2018 Oscars) (youtube)

Drone Awards - Matiasdelacroix - Instagram

Video Effects Tips and Tricks (karenxcheng youtube channel)

Cinematographer is the chief over the camera and light crews working on a film, television production or other live action piece and is responsible for making artistic and technical decisions related to the image. The study and practice of this field is referred to as cinematography. The cinematographer selects the camera, film stock, lens, filters, etc., to realize the scene in accordance with the intentions of the director. Relations between the cinematographer and director vary; in some instances the director will allow the cinematographer complete independence; in others, the director allows little to none, even going so far as to specify exact camera placement and lens selection. Such a level of involvement is not common once the director and cinematographer have become comfortable with each other; the director will typically convey to the cinematographer what is wanted from a scene visually, and allow the cinematographer latitude in achieving that effect. Movies.

Film is a form of entertainment that enacts a story by sound and a sequence of images giving the illusion of continuous movement. A medium that disseminates moving pictures. Photographic material consisting of a base of celluloid covered with a photographic emulsion; used to make negatives or transparencies. A thin coating or layer superficial. A thin sheet of (usually plastic and usually transparent) material used to wrap or cover things. The Glossary creates motion content for film, television, commercial, and publishing clients. The ATS Team (special effects) - Time Lapse - Remove, replace and blur your background without a Green Screen.

Sora can creating video from text. Sora is an AI model that can create realistic and maginative scenes from text instructions.

Principal Photography is the phase of producing a film or television show in which the bulk of shooting takes place, as distinct from the phases of pre-production and post-production

Pre-Production is the process of planning some of the elements involved in a film, television show, play, or other performance, as distinct from production, and post-production. Pre-production ends when the planning ends and the content starts being produced.

Post-Production is part of the process of filmmaking, video production, audio production, and photography. Post-production includes all stages of production occurring after shooting or recording individual program segments

Creative Geography is when multiple segments are shot at various locations and/or times and then are edited together such that they appear to all occur in a continuous place at a continuous time. Creative geography is used constantly in film and television, for instance when a character walks through the front door of a house shown from the outside, to emerge into a sound stage of the house's interior.

Continuity Editing is the process in film and video creation, of combining more-or-less related shots, or different components cut from a single shot, into a sequence to direct the viewer's attention to a pre-existing consistency of story across both time and physical location.

Montage is a film editing technique in which a series of short shots are sequenced to condense space, time, and information.

Mosaic is a piece of art or image made from the assembling of small pieces of colored glass, stone, or other materials. It is often used in decorative art or as interior decoration. Most mosaics are made of small, flat, roughly square, pieces of stone or glass of different colors, known as tesserae. Some, especially floor mosaics, are made of small rounded pieces of stone, and called "pebble mosaics". Mosaic Image using tiny words to make Word Art, because a picture is worth more than a thousand words (literally).

Photographic Mosaic is a picture (usually a photograph) that has been divided into (usually equal sized) tiled sections, each of which is replaced with another photograph that matches the target photo. When viewed at low magnifications, the individual pixels appear as the primary image, while close examination reveals that the image is in fact made up of many hundreds or thousands of smaller images. Most of the time they are a computer-created type of montage. (also known under the term Photomosaic, a portmanteau of photo and mosaic).

Tile Art is a small arrangement of tiles, or in some cases a single tile, with a painted pattern or image on top. It is often used as an umbrella term that includes other forms of tile-based art, such as mosaics, micromosaics, and stained glass. Unlike mosaics, tile art can include larger pieces of tiles that are pre-decorated. While mosaics use pieces of tesserae or another material to construct a pattern from small components, other methods, such as engraving, carving, and molding may be used in tile art. While mosaics are considered a type of tile art, there are many other forms that are also considered tile art. Symmetry Tile Theory.

Lithography is a method of printing originally based on the immiscibility of oil and water. The printing is from a stone (lithographic limestone) or a metal plate with a smooth surface. Lithography originally used an image drawn with oil, fat, or wax onto the surface of a smooth, level lithographic limestone plate. The stone was treated with a mixture of acid and gum arabic, etching the portions of the stone that were not protected by the grease-based image. When the stone was subsequently moistened, these etched areas retained water; an oil-based ink could then be applied and would be repelled by the water, sticking only to the original drawing. The ink would finally be transferred to a blank paper sheet, producing a printed page. This traditional technique is still used in some fine art printmaking applications.

Photolithography is a process used in microfabrication to pattern parts of a thin film or the bulk of a substrate. It uses light to transfer a geometric pattern from a photomask to a light-sensitive chemical "photoresist", or simply "resist," on the substrate. A series of chemical treatments then either engraves the exposure pattern into the material or enables deposition of a new material in the desired pattern upon the material underneath the photo resist. For example, in complex integrated circuits, a modern CMOS wafer will go through the photolithographic cycle up to 50 times.

Literary Arts (creative writing)

Light Art is an applied arts form in which light is the main medium of expression. It is an art form in which either a sculpture produces light, or light is used to create a "sculpture" through the manipulation of light, colours, and shadows. These sculptures can be temporary or permanent, and can exist in two distinctive spaces: indoor galleries, such as museum exhibits, or outdoors at events like festivals. Light art can be an interaction of light with in an architectural space. Light artist are those that devote all their creative experimentation to light art, some artist experiment with light and neon signage and use light in their practice but would be artist using light.

Photos with Colors Manipulated - Weavings - Tapestries - Digital Art

Lighting Designer works with the director, choreographer, set designer, costume designer, and sound designer to create the lighting, atmosphere, and time of day for the production in response to the text, while keeping in mind issues of visibility, safety, and cost. The LD also works closely with the stage manager or show control programming, if show control systems are used in that production. Outside of stage lighting the job of a Lighting Designer can be much more diverse and they can be found working on rock and pop tours, corporate launches, art installation and on massive celebration spectaculars, for example the Olympic Games opening and closing ceremonies.

Photography Quotes - Sayings from Photographers

"There are no rules for good photographs, there are only good photographs." - Ansel Adams.

"In wisdom gathered over time I have found that every experience is a form of exploration." - Ansel Adams.

"It is my intention to present through the medium of photography intuitive observations of the natural world which may have meaning to the spectators." - Ansel Adams.

"Photography helps people to see." - Berenice Abbott.

"A good snapshot stops a moment from running away." - Eudora Welty.

"A photograph is a secret about a secret, the more it tells the less you know."

"Images of the world through the window of my lens as seen by my heart." - Howard Polley.

Beyond the Norm - Breaking with Convention

Avant-Garde are people or works that are experimental, radical, or unorthodox, with respect to art, culture, and society.

Non-Conformist - Independent - Diversity - Counterculture - Factions - Cringe Comedy - Distorted Memory - Not Normal - Mutation - Anomaly - Dystopia

Mannerism is unlike High Renaissance art that emphasizes proportion, balance, and ideal beauty, Mannerism exaggerates such qualities, often resulting in compositions that are asymmetrical or unnaturally elegant. Mannerism is notable for its intellectual sophistication as well as its artificial (as opposed to naturalistic) qualities. Mannerism favors compositional tension and instability rather than the balance and clarity of earlier Renaissance painting. Mannerism in literature and music is notable for its highly florid style and intellectual sophistication. Mannerisms.

Improvisation is adapting a device for some use other than that which it was designed for, or building a device from unusual components in an ad-hoc fashion. Improvisation, within the context of performing arts, is a very spontaneous performance without specific or scripted preparation. The skills of improvisation can apply to many different faculties, across all artistic, scientific, physical, cognitive, academic, and non-academic disciplines.

How do you avoid sending the wrong message? Beauty - Perfection - Normal.

Strange is something out of the ordinary and unexpected. Something slightly odd or even a bit weird. Something that was not known before and relating to or originating in or characteristic of another place or part of the world.

Weird is something odd or unusual. Suggesting the operation of supernatural influences.

Odd is something not easily explained. Beyond or deviating from the usual or expected.

Oddity is a strange attitude or habit, or an unconventional behavior that is not easily explained. Something unusual that might be worthy of collecting.

Unusual is something not usual, common or ordinary. Being definitely out of the ordinary and unexpected; slightly odd or even a bit weird.

Deviating is to cause to turn away from a previous or expected course. Be at variance with; be out of line with.

Deviation is a variation that deviates from the standard or norm. Deviation in statistics is the difference between an observed value and the expected value. A turning aside of your course, attention or concern. The error of a compass due to local magnetic disturbances.

Deviate is a person whose behavior deviates from what is acceptable. Markedly different from an accepted norm. Turn aside; turn away from. Be at variance with; be out of line with. Cause to turn away from a previous or expected course.

Foreign is something originating in or characteristic of another place or part of the world, other than your own. Not contained in or deriving from what is usually natural, something introduced from an outside source.

Off Kilter is not in the usual, expected, or correct condition or state. Unconventional or eccentric.

Off Center is to stray from what is considered normal while maintaining a sense of individuality. A person whose unique way of thinking, acting, dressing, or carrying one's self out isn't considered the norm.

Eccentric is something conspicuously or grossly unconventional or unusual. Not having a common center; not concentric. A person with an unusual or odd personality. Eccentricities is having strange and unconventional behavior. May be a little crazy.

Outlandish is something conspicuously or grossly unconventional or unusual. Bizarre.

Conspicuously is something tending to attract attention.

Idiosyncrasy is an unusual feature of a person. It can also mean an odd habit. The term is often used to express eccentricity or peculiarity. A synonym may be "quirk".

Unconventional is not conforming to accepted rules or standards. Not conforming to legality, moral law, or social convention.

Outlier is a person or thing differing from all other members of a particular group or set. A person or thing situated away or detached from the main body or system. Outlier is an extreme deviation from the mean or average. A person who lives away from his place of work.

Outlaw Art is art from an artist who rebels against the conventions of their time by breaking the rules and shifting an art form in new directions, and at the same time, makes people think in new ways while remaining true to their own artistic vision. It is an art form that is perceived to be incompatible with traditional aesthetic and legal perspectives, and is mostly outside the mainstream of popular art.

Alien is anyone or anything that does not belong in the environment in which they are found. Being or from or characteristic of another place or part of the world.

je ne sais quoi is something indescribable that defies expression or description. Something that is not easily describable.

What is beautiful? What is ugly? Is it just the surface?

Ideas - Music - Body Image - More ways to be Creative

Environmental Art describes a range of artistic practices encompassing both historical approaches to nature in art and more recent ecological and politically motivated types of works.

Landscaping - Bio-Art

Primitivism is a western art movement that borrows visual forms from non-Western or prehistoric peoples.

Chainsaw Carving combines the modern technology of the chainsaw with the ancient art of woodcarving. Chainsaw Art

Street Art Graffiti

Tie Dye Designs by GratefulDan (youtube)

"If you never consider the unusual, then all you will have is the ordinary"

“If you are always trying to be normal, you will never know how amazing you can be.” – Maya Angelo

Grotesque is a general adjective for the strange, fantastic, Ugly, incongruous, unpleasant, or disgusting, and thus is often used to describe weird shapes and distorted forms such as Halloween masks. In art, performance, and literature, however, grotesque may also refer to something that simultaneously invokes in an audience a feeling of uncomfortable bizarreness as well as sympathetic pity.

Macabre is something shockingly repellent that inspires horror.

Transgressive Art is art that aims to transgress or to outrage or violate basic morals and sensibilities.

Deface is to spoil the surface or appearance of something by drawing or writing on it in order to mar, disfigure or to damage or vandalize something, especially a surface, in a visible or conspicuous manner. To void or devalue, or to nullify or degrade the face value of something. Ugly?

Bastardize is to change something so that its value declines; for example, art forms. Declare a child to be illegitimate.

Gross is something that is conspicuously and tastelessly indecent and outrageously bad or reprehensible without qualification.

Repulsed is perceiving something to be highly offensive and arousing a feeling of intense dislike or disgust. Something that causes to move back by force or influence. Hate - Profane.

Cringe is to feel awkward, uncomfortable, or embarrassed by something. To draw back or bend one's head and body in fear or pain. Cringeworthy
is something upsetting that causes feelings of embarrassment or awkwardness.

Grim is something shockingly repellent or inspiring horror. Something harshly ironic or sinister or harshly uninviting or formidable in manner or appearance. Filled with melancholy and despondency. Causing dejection. Grim is not to be placated, appeased or moved by entreaty.

Ero Guro is a literary and artistic movement originating c. 1930 in Japan. (eroticism, sexual corruption, and decadence).

The Nightmare Artist Zdzislaw Beksinski (youtube) - Polish horror painter that reacted to the horrors of war that he saw around him.

Shock Site or gore site is a website that is intended to be offensive or disturbing to its viewers, though it can also contain elements of humor or evoke (in some viewers) sexual arousal. They contain material of high shock value, generally of a pornographic, scatological, racist, sexist, graphically violent, insulting, vulgar, profane, or otherwise provocative nature. Some shock sites display a single picture, animation, video clip or small gallery, and are circulated via email or disguised in posts to discussion sites as a prank. Steven Jones distinguishes these sites from those that collect galleries where users search for shocking content, such as Gallery sites can contain beheadings, execution, electrocution, suicide, murder, stoning, torching, drowning, vehicular accidents, war victims, rape, necrophilia, genital mutilation and other sexual crimes. Some shock sites have also gained their own subcultures and have become internet memes on their own. featured a page devoted to fan-submitted artwork and tributes to the site's hello.jpg, and a parody of the image was unwittingly shown by a BBC newscast as an alternative for the then-recently unveiled logo for the 2012 Summer Olympics. A 2007 shock video known as 2 Girls 1 Cup also quickly became an Internet phenomenon, with videos of reactions, homages, and parodies widely posted on video sharing sites such as YouTube.

Obscenity is Relative. Something can be obscene to a person and be can be not obscene to another person. People can exaggerate and misinterpret information. Instead of improving education, ignorant people use regulations to punish people for not being educated. Ignorant people punishing people for being ignorant, is ignorant. Beliefs and opinions are not facts.

Obscenity is any utterance or act that strongly offends the prevalent morality of the time. Such loaded language can be used to indicate strong moral repugnance and outrage, in expressions such as "obscene profits" and "the obscenity of war". As a legal term, it usually refers to graphic depictions of people engaged in sexual and excretory activity, and related utterances of profanity.

Federal law prohibits the possession with intent to sell or distribute obscenity, to send, ship, or receive obscenity, to import obscenity, and to transport obscenity across state borders for purposes of distribution.

Anti-Obscenity Enforcement Act of 1998 is an Alabama statute that criminalizes the sale of sex toys. The law has been the subject of extensive litigation and has generated considerable national controversy.

Comstock Act banned multiple items related to sex and reproductive health that many people see as quite ordinary today. criminalized any use of the U.S. Postal Service to send any of the following items: obscenity, contraceptives, abortifacients, sex toys, personal letters with any sexual content or information, or any information regarding the above items. The law prohibits using the mail to spread information or materials deemed "obscene.

Movie and Music Censorship (ratings)

United States obscenity law deals with the regulation or suppression of what is considered obscenity and therefore not protected speech under the First Amendment to the United States Constitution. In the United States, discussion of obscenity typically relates to defining what pornography is obscene, as well as to issues of freedom of speech and of the press, otherwise protected by the First Amendment to the Constitution of the United States. Issues of obscenity arise at federal and state levels. State laws operate only within the jurisdiction of each state, and there are differences among such laws.

Microbial Art is artwork created by culturing microorganisms in certain patterns. The microbes used can be bacteria, yeast fungi, or less commonly, protists. The microbes can be chosen for their natural colours, or can be engineered to express fluorescent proteins and viewed under ultraviolet light to make them fluoresce in colour. Agar plates are used as a canvas, while pigmented or fluorescent bacteria and yeasts represent the paint. In order to preserve a piece of microbial art after a sufficient incubation, the microbe culture is sealed with epoxy. Microbial art is also know as agar art or germ art.

BioArt is an art practice where humans work with live tissues, bacteria, living organisms, and life processes. Using scientific processes such as biotechnology (including technologies such as genetic engineering, tissue culture, and cloning) the artworks are produced in laboratories, galleries, or artists' studios. The scope of BioArt is considered by some artists to be strictly limited to "living forms", while other artists would include art that uses the imagery of contemporary medicine and biological research, or require that it address a controversy or blind spot posed by the very character of the life sciences. Although BioArtists work with living matter, there is some debate as to the stages at which matter can be considered to be alive or living.

Evolutionary Art is a branch of generative art, in which the artist does not do the work of constructing the artwork, but rather lets a system do the construction. In evolutionary art, initially generated art is put through an iterated process of selection and modification to arrive at a final product, where it is the artist who is the selective agent. Evolutionary art is to be distinguished from BioArt, which uses living organisms as the material medium instead of paint, stone, metal, etc.

Hybrid Arts is a contemporary art movement in which artists work with frontier areas of science and emerging technologies. Artists work with fields such as biology, robotics, physical sciences, experimental interface technologies (such as speech, gesture, face recognition), artificial intelligence, and information visualization. They address the research in many ways such as undertaking new research agendas, visualizing results in new ways, or critiquing the social implications of the research. The worldwide community has developed new kinds of art festivals, information sources, organizations, and university programs to explore these new arts.

Criticizing - Critics - Judging

Art Critic is a person who is specialized in analyzing, interpreting and evaluating art. Their written critiques or reviews contribute to art criticism and they are published in newspapers, magazines, books, exhibition brochures and catalogues and on web sites. Some of today's art critics use art blogs and other online platforms in order to connect with a wider audience and expand debate about art. Reprisals for behaving counter-stereotypically can be problematic. Comments.

Art Criticism is the discussion or evaluation of visual art. Art critics usually criticize art in the context of aesthetics or the theory of beauty. A goal of art criticism is the pursuit of a rational basis for art appreciation but it is questionable whether such criticism can transcend prevailing socio-political circumstances.

Criticism is the practice of judging the merits and faults of something. An evaluative or corrective exercise can occur in any area of human life.

Criticizing is to find fault with something or someone and point out real or perceived flaws.

Critic is someone who frequently finds fault or makes harsh and unfair judgments. Anyone who expresses a reasoned judgment of something. A person who is professionally engaged in the analysis and interpretation of works of art.

Critique is a serious examination and judgment of something. An essay or article that gives a critical evaluation of a book or play or something expressed.

Censorship - What is Ugly - Cherry Picking - Ratings - Blaming - Spam - Slander

Judgmental is having or displaying an excessively critical point of view.

Value Judgment is a judgment of the rightness or wrongness of something or someone, or of the usefulness of something or someone, based on a comparison or other relativity. As a generalization, a value judgment can refer to a judgment based upon a particular set of values or on a particular value system. A related meaning of value judgment is an expedient evaluation based upon limited information at hand, an evaluation undertaken because a decision must be made on short notice.

Constructive Criticism is the process of offering valid and well-reasoned opinions about the work of others, usually involving both positive and negative comments, in a friendly manner rather than an oppositional one. Aims to show that an intent or purpose of something is better served by an alternative approach. Positive Criticism draws attention to a good or positive aspect of something that is being ignored, disregarded or overlooked. Practical Criticism is an objection or appraisal of the type, that something "does or does not work" in practical reality, due to some reason or cause. Negative Criticism means voicing an objection to something, only with the purpose of showing that it is wrong, false, mistaken, nonsensical, objectionable, or disreputable. Destructive Criticism is often just thoughtlessness by another person, but it can also be deliberately malicious and hurtful. Destructive criticism can, in some cases, lead to anger and/or aggression. Varieties of Criticism (wiki).

You should not use criticism as a weapon, and you should not give power to criticism more than it deserves. Criticism is about seeing things differently from a different perspective. Criticism is not about being accurate or relative, criticism is mostly an opinion. So don't give power to words that are irrelevant, because you will steal power from words that are relevant. The power of words is to bring something to your attention, words should not distract you from your attention. You should focus more on the words that have meaning, and focus less on the words that mostly convey emotion. Mindful Conversations.

Nit Picking is the wasting of time and energy looking for small or unimportant and trivial errors or faults in someone or in something just to criticize that something unnecessarily. It's like being biased or prejudice, or just assuming that something is relevant. This is not to say that close observations are not necessary, or that certain details should be overlooked. It's just the timing and the motive of that particular observation that needs to be considered. This way the point or the reason of that observation is understood by all people involved. Avoid being Superficial and avoid unhealthy forms of criticism that do more harm than good.

Taunt is to abuse someone vocally by expressing contempt or ridicule. Mocking or criticizing someone unfairly. Unfriendly behavior that causes anger or resentment.

Take a Swing at Someone means to attack a person with words or to criticize someone in order to discredit them. It also means to attempt to punch someone with your fist or to try to hit someone.

Paid reviews, paid critics, paid harassers and paid attack adds. These are all forms of propaganda, and you're paying for it in one way or another.

Bully - Shaming - Abuse - Sarcasm - Skeptic - Opinion - Assuming - Ratings

Out of the Woodwork is when someone suddenly appears in public or reveals their opinion when previously they did not make themselves known or share their opinion. To unexpectedly bring previously silent voices or concerns to the forefront. To reveal information that was previously unknown or hidden. The idiom comes from the idea of insects crawling out from inside the woodwork where they have been hiding.

Everyone is a critic of something. People even criticize themselves. And people even get paid to criticize. But if you just go around criticizing things and never see the other side of things, then you're just irritating and useless, and you may be a bit of a psychopath.

Profanity - Profiling - Testing - Competence - Subjectivity - Observation Flaws

Called Out is to criticize someone about something they have said or done and challenge them to explain it. To confront one about one's misdeeds or unpleasant behavior.

Shaming is a form of vigilantism in which targets are publicly humiliated.

Vigilante is the pursuit of self-perceived justice without legal authority or valid reasoning.

Social Criticism refers to a mode of criticism that locates the reasons for malicious conditions in a society considered to be in a flawed social structure. It may also refer to people adhering to a social critic's aim at practical solutions by way of specific measures either for consensual reform or powerful revolution. Slander.

Throw Shade is a slang term for a certain type of insult where someone is publicly criticized, or when someone expresses contempt for someone. A subtle, sneering expression of contempt or disgust with someone—sometimes verbal, and sometimes not. A rude or slick comment towards another person with little or no one else catching the insult except who it was directed towards.

Public Backlash is a strong and adverse reaction by a large number of people, especially to a social or political development. A backlash is a strong adverse reaction to an idea, action, or object. It is usually a reflection of a normative resentment rather than a denial of its existence. The term is also commonly applied to instances of bias and discrimination against marginalized groups.

Cultural Critic is a critic of a given culture, usually as a whole. Cultural criticism has significant overlap with social and cultural theory. While such criticism is simply part of the self-consciousness of the culture, the social positions of the critics and the medium they use vary widely. The conceptual and political grounding of criticism also changes over time.

Censorious is being harshly critical or expressing censure.

Censure is harsh criticism or disapproval. Rebuke formally or being excommunicated. Justice.

Berate is to censure severely or angrily. Insult - Comeback.

Rebuke is to censure severely or angrily.

Lash Out is to attack in speech or writing or to hit or kick someone or something. Bully.

Backlash is an adverse reaction to some political or social occurrence. Something that comes back to the originator of an action with an undesired effect. A movement back from an impact. Backlash in sociology is a strong adverse reaction to an idea, action, or object. It is usually a reflection of a normative resentment rather than a denial of its existence. The term is commonly applied to instances of bias and discrimination against minoritized/marginalized groups. Blowback.

Detractor is one who disparages or belittles the worth of something.

Disparage is to express a negative opinion of something.

Derogatory is expressing a low opinion or showing a critical or disrespectful attitude towards someone.

Belittle is to express a negative opinion of something. Cause to seem less serious; play down. Lessen the authority, dignity, or reputation of something.

Scathing is harshly abusive criticism. Comments.

Textual Criticism is when a person is given a manuscript copy, several or many copies, but not the original document, the textual critic might seek to reconstruct the original text (the archetype or autograph) as closely as possible. The same processes can be used to attempt to reconstruct intermediate versions, or recensions, of a document's transcription history. The ultimate objective of the textual critic's work is the production of a "critical edition" containing a scholarly curated text.

Translation Criticism is the systematic study, evaluation, and interpretation of different aspects of translated works. It is an interdisciplinary academic field closely related to literary criticism and translation theory.

Artistic Merit refers to the judgment of their perceived quality or value as works of art.

Cynicism is an attitude or state of mind characterized by a general distrust of others' motives. A cynic may have a general lack of faith or hope in the human species or people motivated by ambition, desire, greed, gratification, materialism, goals, and opinions that a cynic perceives as vain, unobtainable, or ultimately meaningless and therefore deserving of ridicule or admonishment. A common misapplication of this attitude involves its attribution to individuals who emote well-thought-out expressions of skepticism. Such miss-categorization may occur as the result of either inexperience or a belief system in which the innate goodness of man is considered an important tenet or even an irrefutable fact. Thus, contemporary usage incorporates both a form of jaded prudence (when misapplied) and realistic criticism or skepticism. The term originally derives from the ancient Greek philosophers, the Cynics, who rejected all conventions, whether of religion, manners, housing, dress, or decency, instead advocating the pursuit of virtue in accordance with a simple and idealistic way of life. Sarcasm (humor).

Cynicism in philosophy is a school of thought of ancient Greek philosophy as practiced by the Cynics (Ancient Greek: Κυνικοί, Latin: Cynici). For the Cynics, the purpose of life is to live in virtue, in agreement with nature. As reasoning creatures, people can gain happiness by rigorous training and by living in a way which is natural for themselves, rejecting all conventional desires for wealth, power, sex, and fame. Instead, they were to lead a simple life free from all possessions.

Diogenes the Cynic was a Greek philosopher and one of the founders of Cynic philosophy. He was born in Sinope, an Ionian colony on the Black Sea, in 412 or 404 BC and died at Corinth in 323 BC.

Acrimonious is something marked by strong resentment or cynicism. Acrimony is a rough and bitter manner.

Comment is a statement that expresses a personal opinion or belief or adds information. A written explanation or criticism or illustration that is added to a book or other textual material. Provide interlinear explanations for words or phrases.

Commentary is an expression of opinions or offering of explanations about an event or situation. A descriptive spoken account of an event or performance as it happens.

Comments on Websites - Takes One to Know One. I know you are but what am I? If you're going to criticize something, at least back it up.

Yelp Review of Dunkin Donuts #19 RAR (youtube) - Gotta Kid to Feed (youtube channel)

Self-Censorship is the act of censoring or classifying one's own blog, book, film, or other forms of media. This is done out of fear of, or deference to, the sensibilities or preferences (actual or perceived) of others and without overt pressure from any specific party or institution of authority. Self-censorship is often practiced by film producers, film directors, publishers, news anchors, journalists, musicians, and other kinds of authors including individuals who use social media. Watchdogs.

Public Comment includes remarks from experts, people or public officials with some role in the issue at stake, but at a different time or level of process. May be oral or written and not infrequently utilize audio visual aids such as thumbdrives, CD's or overhead projectors (transparencies or opaque material). They may include video clips. Public Meeting.

Freedom of Speech - Feed Back - Peer Review - Legal Challenge

Literature Review is a type of review article. A literature review is a scholarly paper, which includes the current knowledge including substantive findings, as well as theoretical and methodological contributions to a particular topic. Literature reviews are secondary sources, and do not report new or original experimental work. Most often associated with academic-oriented literature, such reviews are found in academic journals, and are not to be confused with book reviews that may also appear in the same publication. Literature reviews are a basis for research in nearly every academic field. A narrow-scope literature review may be included as part of a peer-reviewed journal article presenting new research, serving to situate the current study within the body of the relevant literature and to provide context for the reader. In such a case, the review usually precedes the methodology and results sections of the work. Producing a literature review may also be part of graduate and post-graduate student work, including in the preparation of a thesis, dissertation, or a journal article. Literature reviews are also common in a research proposal or prospectus (the document that is approved before a student formally begins a dissertation or thesis).

Critical Appraisal is the use of explicit, transparent methods to assess the data in published research, applying the rules of evidence to factors such as internal validity, adherence to reporting standards, conclusions and generalizability. Critical appraisal methods form a central part of the systematic review process. They are used in evidence-based healthcare training to assist clinical decision-making, and are increasingly used in evidence-based social care and education provision. Critical appraisal checklists help to appraise the quality of the study design and (for quantitative studies) the risk of bias. Critical appraisal tools for cross-sectional studies are the AXIS tool and JBI tools; for randomized controlled trials are Cochrane Risk of Bias Tool, JBI tool and CASP tools. Critical appraisal may also be an integral part of formalized approaches to turn evidence into recommendations for practice such as GRADE. The learning and teaching of critical appraisal skills can be enhanced by conducting a mock randomized controlled trial in class, such as the red Smarties trial in which learners compared the effect of Smarties upon happiness. Bias in Research.

Review Article is an article that summarizes the current state of understanding on a topic. A review article surveys and summarizes previously published studies, rather than reporting new facts or analysis. Review articles are sometimes also called survey articles or, in news publishing, overview articles. Academic publications that specialize in review articles are known as review journals. Review articles teach about: The main people working in a field. Recent major advances and discoveries. Significant gaps in the research. Current debates. Ideas of where research might go next.

Topic and Comment of a sentence is what is being talked about, and the comment (rheme or focus) is what is being said about the topic.

Editorial features Letters to the Editor from members of the public; the page opposite this page is called the op-ed page and frequently contains opinion pieces by writers not directly affiliated with the publication.

Op-Ed is denoting or printed on the page opposite the editorial page in a newspaper, devoted to commentary, feature articles, etc. Op-ed is a written prose piece typically published by a newspaper or magazine which expresses the opinion of an author usually not affiliated with the publication's editorial board. Op-eds are different from both editorials (opinion pieces submitted by editorial board members) and letters to the editor (opinion pieces submitted by readers).

Annotation is to Highlight passages in books in order to refer back to key phrases easily, or add marginalia to aid studying.

Marginalia are marks made in the margins of a book or other document. Editing.

Markup Language is a system for annotating a document in a way that is syntactically distinguishable from the text.

Metadata provides information about other data.

Shoutbox s a chat-like feature of some websites that allows people to quickly leave messages on the website, generally without any form of user registration.

Most Comments Mean Nothing at All. Some comments are just about one particular detail, or it's someone just trying to be funny, or it's someone who is mostly negative about a lot of things, or it's someone who doesn't have enough knowledge and does not understand what they're saying. Feedback is important, but feedback needs to be expressed by a knowledgeable person who is also an effective communicator, honest and compassionate. Otherwise it's just background noise that needs to be filtered out.

If you can't quote it, then you don't know it, which means that you're blowing it, or not revealing anything useful. People are walking around pretending to have memories. And when you ask them about that memory, they can't recall it. So you're saying that you have a memory but you can't remember it right now. Either you are not revealing certain memories, or you just don't know that memory well enough as you thought you did. You don't have the answer do you? You just like criticizing people for spite, without adding anything of value. You're basically riding on the coattails of other peoples words, like a non-symbiotic leach. So why don't you criticize that?

Art Director is in charge of the overall visual appearance and how it communicates visually, stimulates moods, contrasts features, and psychologically appeals to a target audience. The art director makes decisions about visual elements used, what artistic style to use, and when to use motion.

Body Image - Awareness

Stendhal Syndrome is a psychosomatic disorder that causes rapid heartbeat, dizziness, fainting, confusion and even hallucinations when an individual is exposed to an experience of great personal significance, particularly viewing art.

Citizenship in a Republic is the title of a speech given by Theodore Roosevelt, former President of the United States, at the Sorbonne in Paris, France, on April 23, 1910. One notable passage on page seven of the 35-page speech is referred to as "The Man in the Arena": "It is not the critic who counts; not the man who points out how the strong man stumbles, or where the doer of deeds could have done them better. The credit belongs to the man who is actually in the arena, whose face is marred by dust and sweat and blood; who strives valiantly; who errs, who comes short again and again, because there is no effort without error and shortcoming; but who does actually strive to do the deeds; who knows great enthusiasms, the great devotions; who spends himself in a worthy cause; who at the best knows in the end the triumph of high achievement, and who at the worst, if he fails, at least fails while daring greatly, so that his place shall never be with those cold and timid souls who neither know victory nor defeat."

Rights of Artists

Visual Artists Rights Act grants certain rights to artists and protection to moral rights. Under VARA, works of art that meet certain requirements afford their authors additional rights in the works, regardless of any subsequent physical ownership of the work itself, or regardless of who holds the copyright to the work. For instance, a painter may insist on proper attribution of his painting, and in some instances may sue the owner of the physical painting for destroying the painting even if the owner of the painting lawfully owned it. Although federal law had not acknowledged Moral Rights before this act, some state legislatures and judicial decisions created limited moral-rights protection. The Berne Convention required the protection of these rights by signatory states, and it was in response that the U.S. Congress passed the VARA. Exclusive rights under VARA include: right to claim authorship, right to prevent the use of one's name on any work the author did not create, right to prevent use of one's name on any work that has been distorted, mutilated, or modified in a way that would be prejudicial to the author's honor or reputation, right to prevent distortion, mutilation, or modification that would prejudice the author's honor or reputation. Additionally, authors of works of "recognized stature" may prohibit intentional or grossly negligent destruction of a work. Exceptions to VARA require a waiver from the author in writing. To date, "recognized stature" has managed to elude a precise definition. VARA allows authors to waive their rights, something generally not permitted in France and many European countries whose laws were the originators of the moral rights of artists concept. In most instances, the rights granted under VARA persist for the life of the author (or the last surviving author, for creators of joint works). VARA provides its protection only to paintings, drawings, prints, sculptures, still photographic images produced for exhibition only, and existing in single copies or in limited editions of 200 or fewer copies, signed and numbered by the artist. The requirements for protection do not implicate aesthetic taste or value.

Museums - Art Websites

Museum is a building or institution that cares for and displays a collection of artifacts and other objects of artistic, cultural, historical, or scientific importance. Many public museums make these items available for public viewing through exhibits that may be permanent or temporary. The largest museums are located in major cities throughout the world, while thousands of local museums exist in smaller cities, towns, and rural areas. Museums have varying aims, ranging from the conservation and documentation of their collection, serving researchers and specialists to catering to the general public. The goal of serving researchers is not only scientific, but intended to serve the general public. There are many types of museums, including art museums, natural history museums, science museums, war museums, and children's museums. According to the International Council of Museums (ICOM), there are more than 55,000 museums in 202 countries.

Art Galleries - Museums - Libraries

Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles.

The Metropolitan Museum of Art - Museum of the City of New York

List of Art Museums around the World (wiki) - PDF

Musée du Louvre and Musée National Eugène-Delacroix with more than 480,000 works to be digitally viewed.

Uffizi gallery museum of Florence, Italy - Artworks - Painting - Exhibitions - Sculpture - Digital Archives.

Art Websites National Endowment for the Arts
Google Art Project.

U Gallery - Gravity Glue - Society 6

Moving Art - Smart History - Deviant Art

Moca - Not Cot - 20 x 200

Etsy - - Artsy - Arts in UA

The Working Proof - Artists for Humanity

Gallery 1988 - My Modern Met - Artists Haven Gallery 

Art Schools - Art Forum

Art Net auctions features 24/7 online auctions and immediate purchases of Modern and Contemporary paintings, prints, photographs, and more.

Amit Sood: Every piece of art you've ever wanted to see — up close and searchable (video and interactive transcript)

Google Cultural Institute Art Project

Advancing Women Artists - Honoring the Contributions of Modern-Day Women in the Arts.

21st Century juju

Gabriel Moreno
Art Therapy Blog
Art for Sale
Framing - Printing
Leo Villareal: LED Art

Museums: Last Week Tonight with John Oliver (HBO) (youtube) - John Oliver discusses some of the world’s most prestigious museums, why they contain so many stolen goods, the market that continues to illegally trade antiquities, and a pretty solid blueprint for revenge.

Photo like images drawn with a Pencil.
Samuel Silva's Ball Point Pen Art.
Dirty Car Art
DIY Crafting and Gift Ideas

Create Dreamy works of Art with your Mouse.
Online Coloring Book
Pittsburgh Art House for young Artists

Middlebrow describes easily accessible art, usually literature, and the people who use the arts to acquire culture and class or social prestige.

Christo Vladimirov Javacheff (1935–2020) and Jeanne-Claude Denat de Guillebon (1935–2009), known as Christo and Jeanne-Claude, were artists noted for their large-scale, site-specific environmental installations, often large landmarks and landscape elements wrapped in fabric, including the Wrapped Reichstag, The Pont Neuf Wrapped, Running Fence in California, and The Gates in New York City's Central Park.

Art News

Art News Cover Art News - Art News
Art Daily - Art News Paper
Art in America - Music News
Art knowledge News
Communication Arts
2.1 Million Dots - Arts Journal
Art Info - Smashing Hub
Art Cyclopedia
Shen Yun - Bikini Lines
How to Increase Your Artistic Abilities (Wiki How)

Art Schools - Film Schools - Art Blogs (wiki)

Collaborative Art Book
Beach Sand Art - Snow Art
Sculpture made by Erik Pirolt (Norway) 2011 (youtube)
Dismaland (youtube)
Junk Culture
Art Exhibit makes you wonder and that's the whole point (NPR) 
Making Museums Moral Again (nyt)
Treasures Trash Museum
The Treasures in the trash Collection
Number of People by State who personally perform or create Art works (2014) (image)
16 Emerging Artists to Watch in 2016

Exhibitions - Festival's

Art Exhibition is a place in which art objects can be seen by an audience. Expositions may present pictures, drawings, video, sound, installation, performance, interactive art, new media art or sculptures by individual artists, groups of artists or collections of a specific form of art. The art works may be presented in museums, art halls, art clubs or private art galleries, or at some place the principal business of which is not the display or sale of art, such as a coffeehouse. An important distinction is noted between those exhibits where some or all of the works are for sale, normally in private art galleries, and those where they are not. Sometimes the event is organized on a specific occasion, like a birthday, anniversary or commemoration. Art Exhibition is traditionally the space in which art objects (in the most general sense) meet an audience. The exhibit is universally understood to be for some temporary period unless, as is rarely true, it is stated to be a "permanent exhibition". In American English, they may be called "exhibit", "exposition" (the French word) or "show". In UK English, they are always called "exhibitions" or "shows", and an individual item in the show is an "exhibit". Such expositions may present pictures, drawings, video, sound, installation, performance, interactive art, new media art or sculptures by individual artists, groups of artists or collections of a specific form of art. The art works may be presented in museums, art halls, art clubs or private art galleries, or at some place the principal business of which is not the display or sale of art, such as a coffeehouse. An important distinction is noted between those exhibits where some or all of the works are for sale, normally in private art galleries, and those where they are not. Sometimes the event is organized on a specific occasion, like a birthday, anniversary or commemoration.

Exhibit is to show an attribute, property, knowledge, or skill. To show, make visible or apparent. Give an exhibition of to an interested audience. Disinhibition.

Arts Festival is a festival that can encompass a wide range of art genres including music, dance, film, fine art, literature, poetry etc. and isn't solely focused on "visual arts." Arts festivals may feature a mixed program that include music, literature, comedy, children's entertainment, science, or street theatre, and are typically presented in venues over a period of time ranging from as short as a day or a weekend to a month. Each event within the program is usually separately ticketed. Arts festivals are largely curated by an artistic director who handles the organizations' artistic direction and can encompass different genres, including fringe theater festivals that are open access, making arts festivals distinctive from greenfield festivals, which typically are weekend camping festivals such as Glastonbury, and Visual Arts Festivals, which concentrate on the visual arts. Another type of arts festivals are music festivals, which are outdoor musical events usually spanning a weekend, featuring a number of bands and musical genres including pop, rock, heavy-metal, and more. Since the 1960s, world-music festivals have become popular in a variety of countries. The most well-recognized music festival was Woodstock, which took place in 1969 in Bethel, New York. It was attended by 400,000 people and featured performances by The Who, Jimi Hendrix, Janis Joplin, and the Grateful Dead.

Art Festivals - Art Fairs Calendar.

Art Basel international art fair staged annually in Basel, Switzerland; Miami Beach, Florida; and Hong Kong, selling the works of established and emerging artists. The commercial fairs also offer parallel programming produced in collaboration with the host city's local institutions. While Art Basel provides a platform for galleries to show and sell their work to buyers, it also attracts a large international audience of art spectators and students.

Exploitation of the Art World. There are ignorant people who like to exploit artists and profit from their work. These people use artists to make themselves look good so they can then use that perceived success to exploit other people for selfish gains. But there are people who do understand artists and know how to help artists without exploiting them. But those people are not always making the decisions. You need to do the math and accurately calculate value, and then step back and see the whole picture. Arts are a great way to create economic activity and a great way to create jobs, but art is only one of many things that need to be done.

Art Videos - Films about Art

Film Symbol Art Curriculum & Methods VanDamme Academy (youtube) 

CARTA: Neurobiology Neurology, Art and Aesthetics (youtube)

Khan Academy: Humanities Art History Basics.

The Cool School - Documentary about the LA Art Scene (amazon)

Art 21 -
Website - Art 21 DVD (amazon)

Abstract: The Art of Design | Official Trailer [HD] | Netflix (2017 TV Series) - Abstract: The Art of Design is a Netflix original documentary series highlighting artists in the field of design. Second season was released on September 25, 2019.

Inside out Project

Burning Ice (snag films)

iPod Touch Painting (youtube)

What you can do with Toothpicks (vimeo)

Thomas Heatherwick: Building the Seed Cathedral (youtube)

The Genius of Photography (vimeo)

JR's Photography (youtube)

1,001 Hand-Drawn Faces (vimeo)

David Binder: The Arts Festival Revolution (TED)

Leah Buechley: How to Sketch with Electronics (TED)

Aparna Rao: High-Tech Art (youtube)

Marco Tempest: The Augmented Reality of Techno-Magic (youtube)

Nathalie Miebach: Art made of Storms (youtube)

Béatrice Coron: Stories Cut from Paper (youtube)

Math is Art - Mandelbrot (youtube)

Painting with a Basketball (youtube) - Blank City

Jan Michel Basquiat: The Radiant Child (youtube)

Jim McVicker: A Way of Seeing (youtube)

Beautiful Losers (2008) (youtube)

Alexa Meade: Your body is my canvas (video)
Why do I Make Art? To Build Time Capsules for My Heritage (video and text)

Niki De Saint Phalle - The story of a free woman (youtube) - Niki de Saint Phalle was a French-American sculptor, painter, and filmmaker. Widely noted as one of the few female monumental sculptors, and her sculptures are often very recognizable from their explosions of color and voluptuous feminine forms.

A Mother and Son United by Love and Art - Deborah Willis and Hank Willis Thomas at TEDWomen 2017. (video and text) Deborah Willis is an author and curator, pioneering research that focused on cultural histories envisioning the black body, women and gender. She is a celebrated photographer, acclaimed historian of photography, MacArthur and Guggenheim Fellow, and University Professor and Chair of the Department of Photography & Imaging at the Tisch School of the Arts at New York University. Willis received the NAACP Image Award in 2014 for her co-authored book Envisioning Emancipation: Black Americans and the End of Slavery (with Barbara Krauthamer) and in 2015 for the documentary Through a Lens Darkly, inspired by her book Reflections in Black: A History of Black Photographers 1840 to the Present.

Marina Abramović: The Artist is Present (2012) - Seductive, fearless, and outrageous, Marina Abramović has been redefining art for nearly forty years. Using her own body as a vehicle and at times risking her life in the process, she creates performances that challenge, shock, and move us. Aired: 06/13/2012 | Rated R | 1 hr. 45 min. Performance Art.

An art made of trust, vulnerability and connection (video and text)

Joan Mitchell: Portrait of an Abstract Painter (1993) - Documentary of Joan Mitchell blends interviews with the fascinating and complex woman--one of the great abstract painters of the 20th century and a key figure in the Abstract Expressionist scene--with images of her art.  Aired: 01/01/1993 | 54 min.

Robert Williams Mr. Bitchin' (2013) - Documentary about multiple American counter-cultures, American artist and underground legend and founder of Juxtapoze, from Hot Rods to Punk and Metal, from LSD to the top of the art world.  Aired: 07/30/2013 | 1 hr. 29 min.

Beauty Is Embarrassing (2012) (hulu)

Michael Hansmeyer: Building Unimaginable Shapes (video) - Algorithms that design outrageously fascinating shapes and forms with millions of facets using a 3D Printer.

The Diatomist Klaus Kemp (video) - Diatom (wiki)

Gravity Glue 2014 (youtube)  Stone Balance and Videography by Michael Grab. - Gravity Glue

Reuben Margolin: Sculpting waves in wood and time (video) - Twentieth - Films about Creativity

Bubble Wrap Art - Birmingham (youtube)

Artist Zenyk Palagniuk spent 200 hours to wrap 24 kilometers to create this amazing portrait! Nails and String

Daniel Rozin, "PomPom Mirror," 2015 (vimeo)

A visualization of the change in colors of paintings over time

Ferro Fluid by Zelf Koelman which puts this magnetic fluid in a small aquarium-like case. Behind the glass are electromagnets and software that allows the placement of the fluid to be edited.

Behind the Mask: The Batman Dead End Story (2015) - A feature length documentary about the making of the classic Batman fan-film Batman: Dead End and its creator Sandy Collora. Find out the story behind the short film that reignited a genre and the filmmaker who made it happen. Movie Aired: 07/12/2015  |  1 hr. 39 min.

Harry Bertoia Sonambient Sculpture Barn Motion Study (youtube)

SprayPrinter - 21st century way of designing walls

Drywall Art Sculpture by Bernie Mitchell (youtube) - Artist uses Drywall Spackling Paste and Joint Compound to Create A Beautiful 3D Landscapes.

Dedos Lúdicos - Pintura em azulejo com as mãos, artesanato, arte de rua. (youtube channel)

How Yarn Bombing grew into a worldwide movement (video and text)

The Sacred Art of the Ori "Everything is my canvas" Body painting. Laolu Senbanjo from Nigeria (video and text)

Art Recession (2014) - Film explores the importance of art education. Despite Arts huge impact, Arts Education is often one of the first programs to be cut, especially when the economy is hard hit.

Impact - Behind the Scenes (4K) - 17 square meters of mirrors (youtube)

Creating Paintings using Microsoft Excel - The Michelangelo of Microsoft Excel (youtube) The 77-year-old artist is creating remarkably intricate digital masterpieces of the Japanese landscape, all on the free graphing software.

Wanuri Kahiu (Afro Bubble Gum Art) - Njideka Akunyili Crosby

Danish maker turns waste into art, furniture, vehicles & more (youtube) In the past several years he’s upcycled concert waste into a “Limbo Land” theme park; old wheels, tarp and plywood into a teardrop-style bicycle camper; beer-dispenser tubing into hanging lights; cafeteria food buckets into animal statues, etc.

Polymath-plumber makes unique furniture & artifacts from waste. Self-taught designer Fernando Abellanas considers the city his playground.

How This Woman Makes People Look 2D with Body Paint | Obsessed | WIRED (youtube) - Artist Alexa Meade paints on people to make them look like paintings of people. She's developed a style that flattens 3 dimensional objects into what at first appears to be a 2D image.

Vhils is the tag name of Portuguese graffiti/street artist Alexandre Manuel Dias Farto who was born in 1987. He carries a chisel, drills, jigsaws, sometimes explosives, and walks up to a dilapidated wall. Scratching the Surface by Vhils (youtube).

Interactive 3D Street Art, Sidewalk Art (youtube) - Metanamorph - Making MIND-BLOWING 3D Street Art | Concrete Canvass: Mexico City | TRACKS (youtube).

Art Quotes - Sayings about Art

“He who works with his hands is a laborer. He who works with his hands and his head is a craftsman. He who works with his hands, his head and his heart is an Artist." St. Francis of Assisi

"Vision is the art of seeing the invisible." Jonathan Swift

"To develop a complete mind you should study the science of art and study the art of science. Learn how to see and realize that everything connects to everything else." Leonardo da Vinci

"We must learn to reawaken and keep ourselves awake, not by mechanical aids, but by an infinite expectation of the dawn, which does not forsake us in our soundest sleep. I know of no more encouraging fact than the unquestionable ability of man to elevate his life by a conscious endeavor. It is something to be able to paint a particular picture, or to carve a statue, and so to make a few objects beautiful; but it is far more glorious to carve and paint the very atmosphere and medium through which we look, which morally we can do. To affect the quality of the day, that is the highest of arts." - Henry David Thoreau

"An Artist can make you see, not that you were blind, it’s just that the way you were looking at things before was constricted. So you should never look at things the same way through the same eyes. Art is saying pay attention. Not so much to bring attention but to say ‘Pay Attention’."

"Artists to my mind are the real architects of change, and not the political legislators who implement change after the fact." William S. Burroughs - Living on the Fringe.

"The most beautiful thing we can experience is the mysterious, it is the source of all true art". Albert Einstein.

"There are two ways to live your life. One is as though nothing is a miracle. The other is as though everything is a miracle."

"Do not quench your inspiration and your imagination; do not become the slave of your model." Vincent van Gogh

"Art is a mirror held up to life"

"All art should be useful, if it's merely decorative, it's a waste of time. You know, if you're going to spend a couple of hours of your life listening to string quartets or being at plays or going to a museum and looking at paintings, something should happen to you. You should be changed." Edward Albee

"You can walk away from Art, but you can never get away from Art."

Creativity Quotes - Life Quotes - Inspiration Quotes

"Everyone is an Artist, but not everyone chooses to explore Art."

"To remain whole, be twisted. To become straight, let yourself be bent. To become full, be hollow. Be tattered, that you may be renewed." Lao Tzu

"You have your brush, you have your colors, you paint paradise, then you go in" into the painting that is.. Nikos Kazantzakis

"Before the digital world, painting someone was the first kind of Photoshop."

"Instead of an Artist trying to explain what an art piece is saying, they should explain what they are saying without the Art Piece."

"Art depicts life, and life depicts art. Life had to be created by an artist. And if so, then artists are just mimicking what life has already created. But life still needs artists, because we are far from being finished with designing. It's like God started a painting and is expecting us to finish it."

"We all know that Art is not truth. Art is a lie that makes us realize truth, at least the truth that is given us to understand. The artist must know the manner whereby to convince others of the truthfulness of his lies. If he only shows in his work that he has searched, and re-searched, for the way to put over lies, he would never accomplish anything." Pablo Picasso.

"I always wonder to what extent the artist aims to depict the reality of a scene. Painters capture only one frame of reality and nothing before or after it". 24 Frames Film (wiki). Koyaanisqatsi.

Mark rothko Paintings A Letter from Mark Rothko and Adolph Gottlieb to the Art Editor of the New York Times June 7, 1943. We feel that our pictures demonstrate our aesthetic beliefs, some of which we, therefore, list:
1.To us art is an adventure into an unknown world, which can be explored only by those willing to take the risks.
2.This world of the imagination is fancy-free and violently opposed to common sense.
3.It is our functions as artists to make the spectator see the world our way—not his way.
4.We favor the simple expression of the complex thought. We are for the large shape because it has the impact of the unequivocal. We wish to reassert the picture plane. We are for flat forms because they destroy illusion and reveal truth.
5.It is a widely accepted notion among painters that it does not matter what one paints as long as it is well painted. This is the essence of academicism. There is no such thing as good painting about nothing. We assert that the subject is crucial and only that subject matter is valid which is tragic and timeless. That is why we profess spiritual kinship with primitive and archaic art. Consequently if our work embodies these beliefs, it must insult anyone who is spiritually attuned to interior decoration; pictures for the home; pictures for over the mantle; pictures of the American scene; social pictures; purity in art; prize-winning potboilers; the National Academy, the Whitney Academy, the Corn Belt Academy; buckeyes, trite tripe; etc.
Sincerely yours, [signed] Adolph Gottlieb and Marcus Rothko, 130 State Street Brooklyn, New York.

Rothko would build up his compositions through several layers of work and the final layer would complete the composition, other than perhaps for some small tweaks afterwards. Rothko's method was to apply a thin layer of binder mixed with pigment directly onto uncoated and untreated canvas and to paint significantly thinned oils directly onto this layer, creating a dense mixture of overlapping colors and shapes. His brushstrokes were fast and light,, each layer made from a unique medium that fluoresces differently. He used synthetic substances such as oil-modified alkyd and acrylic resins alongside traditional materials, including egg, glue and dammar resin, which are fast-drying and allowed him to apply subsequent layers within hours. Resins increased the viscosity of the mixtures so the paints could be diluted without losing their coherence. Rothko also applied phenol formaldehyde to prevent layers from blending into one another. Each mural differs with regard to its paint mixture or the layering sequence, suggesting that Rothko constantly experimented. Multiforms with large blurred fields of solid color devoid of any figures or symbols. Abstract art, as it often is, means variation from a precise intention is often acceptable and would be considered by the artist to be neither right nor wrong.

What would you rather have, a painting or an untouched photograph?

That depends on the painting and the photograph of course. A painting communicates on several levels. You have the artists perception, you have the skill of the artist, and then you have the painting itself. And you also have historical value from a certain period in time. The photograph has the image, it also has the time and place from which the photo was taken. The photo also has the skill and the perception of the photographer. Though a photograph is more accurate then a painting, a painting can still communicate information. I can take the photograph and then paint that photograph and then I will have both, well almost. But I can't take the painting and then take a photograph of that painting, because it's still the same thing. So it still depends on the painting and the photograph.

Photography as Art  Photo Samples: Digital Fine Art - Scenic Still life - Tinted - Abstract Landscapes - Bevshots - Photo Realism

Glitch Art is the practice of using digital or analog errors for aesthetic purposes by either corrupting digital data or physically manipulating electronic devices.

Website HTML Art - Mobile Photo Awards

Fabian Oefner: Psychedelic Science (video)

Art Therapy breakthrough changing thousands of-lives in need

Hyper-Matrix (vimeo) - Stepper Motor

Simulacra and Simulation is a 1981 philosophical treatise by Jean Baudrillard, in which he seeks to examine the relationships among reality, symbols, and society.

Simulacrum is a representation or imitation of a person or thing.

Photography Resources

Prisma turns Every Photo into Art using the styles of famous artists.

Artisto is a video editing app that lets you artistically video-capture the world around you.

Technology and Art

Technology has made a lot of things easier, especially art and creativity. But not everyone has great artistic abilities. But now with technology, a lot more people can explore their creativity without having to know all the in-depth experience, skills and knowledge that's needed in order to perform the Craft of Artistic Creation. This does this not mean that the world will be over saturated with too many people exploring their creativity, and some how drown out something that is perceived to be significant, by way of Information Overload? Having "More of Something" and Having "Too Much of Something" are two different things. Having more is having more opportunities to learn. Technology has made it possible for more people to enter the arena, and technology, along with Human Ingenuity, will figure out how to organize it all and categorize it all, just like we have been doing since the beginning. Except now we can do it with greater accuracy, and in less time, and make our information a lot more user friendly. All because we have made these amazing tools we call technology. But don't thank technology, thank the millions of people who contributed to technologies creation, its design and its manufacturing. Doing all that so that millions of other people can benefit from these tools. Technology is an extension of man, a man made tool. So when you say "I am going to use technology in order to complete a task", what you should really be saying is that "I'm using the work and the contribution of millions of other people in order to complete this task." Thanks to all who have contributed to our benefit, Amen!. So it would be nice thing and a good idea to honor other peoples hard work by doing something productive once in a while. Don't waste all that time that other people saved you, you wouldn't want other people to waste your time, would you?

Math and Art (beautiful numbers) - Technology is Just a Tool - The Human Brain will always be King

Will technology hurt critical thinking? No. It took critical thinking to create technology, and it will take more critical thinking to use technology effectively and efficiently. It will also take more critical thinking to monitor technologies accuracy, and it will take more critical thinking to improve technology, when needed of course. The only time that Technology hurts critical thinking is when a person lets it happen, or if a person is not educated enough to know how to use human tools without hurting themselves or others. Do I hear another course being created?

Mindset - To be an Artist is to have a Unique Mindset

Mindset is a combination of experiences, skills, education and training that influences the way you look at things and also influences the way you approach things, as well as, influences the way you respond in certain situations. A mindset could be a unique skill set, or a profession or someone who is an expert, or someone who is very knowledgeable and experienced about a particular subject that requires a unique mindset that helps guide a person through a particular problem that needs to be solved. A mind set is a unique set of parameters or thought processes that are used to complete a task, or to reach a goal. A mind set shapes your skills, thoughts, feelings, behavior, attitude, personality and confidence, which can determine your decisions, choices and actions that you take in order to reach your goals. A mind set also includes good hand eye coordination and being skilled with the tools of the trade, as well as being skilled with using different materials that are used to create or used to perform certain actions. A good mind set is having the ability to visualize your goal and knowing the steps needed to take in order to accomplish your goal. A good mind set is when you learn from your mistakes and overcome obstacles that you may experience during the process of creation. A good mind set uses mistakes as a way to hone your skills and to sharpen your abilities. A good mind set practices constantly in order to develop skills to be more effective, efficient, as well as, to be more aware of what you're doing so that you can stay focused on making a high quality product or providing a high quality service. A mindset focuses on just the things that are relevant to that particular goal. A good mind set commits to the task at hand and stays focused on each step.

Mindset in decision theory and general systems theory, is a set of assumptions, methods, or notations held by one or more people or groups of people that is so established that it creates a powerful incentive within these people or groups to continue to adopt or accept prior behaviors, choices, or tools.

Skill Set - Procedure - Routine - Strategy - Instructions - Presentation - Mind Map - Cognitive Map - Frame of Mind - Open Mind - Flexible Thinking - Free Thinking - Systems Thinking - Flow State - Professional Attitude - People Skills - Employee Skills - Learning Styles

Growth Mindset is the belief that you are in control of your own ability, and that you can learn anything you want and improve yourself continually and grow and develop continually, and thus, be control of your own destiny. A growth mindset are more open and ready to take on challenges. When people believe that their most basic abilities can be developed through dedication, hard work, brains and talent, they can see no limit to their growth. Growth Mindset is when a person believes they can achieve their goals with hard work. This perspective gives a person the ability to improve any skill or even change their intelligence. Those with a growth mindset focus on learning from their failures rather than worrying about being judged by them. Those with a growth mindset take what they learned from that failure and use it to motivate them going forward. A positive mindset is when you are more optimistic, motivated, and focused on achieving your goals and meeting your needs. you're more focused on opportunities rather than obstacles. Growth Mindset (image).

Fixed Mindset is when someone is stubborn, narrow-minded and pessimistic. Unable to adapt. A negative mindset is marked by self-doubt and a tendency to dwell on problems. A person believes that their abilities cannot change and so they tend to focus on the familiar.

Personal Development - Transition - Social Learning - Progress - Community - Collaboration

A growth mindset of interest can spark innovative thinking. Researchers find that viewing interests as developable, not fixed, can help people make connections among diverse fields that others might miss, with implications for innovation. Research suggests that understanding this can benefit organizations in generating innovative solutions and ideas, job seekers taking on new or wide-ranging responsibilities, and can create a culture for interdisciplinary learning and problem-solving. People with a growth, as compared to a fixed, mindset of interest were more likely to bridge programs across the arts and sciences to create new majors like computational linguistics -- the use of computer modeling to understand natural language -- rather than creating majors that drew from only one of those areas, like computational chemistry -- the use of computer modeling to understand chemical processes. The analysis also revealed higher quality integrative ideas from individuals with a growth mindset.

Framework is a hypothetical description of a complex entity or process. The underlying structure. A structure supporting or containing something.

Human Operating System - Foundation - Schema - Mental Model - Core Values - World View - Spatial Intelligence

Frame is a system of assumptions and standards that sanction behavior and give it meaning. Frame is to make up plans or basic details for a project. Formulate in a particular style or language. The internal supporting structure that gives an artifact its shape. Frame in construction is construct by fitting or uniting parts together. Frame can also mean to enclose in or as if in a frame. A single one of a series of still transparent pictures forming a cinema, television or video film.

Conceptual Framework is an analytical tool with several variations and contexts. It can be applied in different categories of work where an overall picture is needed. It is used to make conceptual distinctions and organize ideas. Strong conceptual frameworks capture something real and do this in a way that is easy to remember and apply. The Perfect Sketchbook B5.

Image Schema is a recurring structure within our cognitive processes which establishes patterns of understanding and reasoning. As an understudy to embodied cognition, image schemas are formed from our bodily interactions, from linguistic experience, and from historical context.

Software Framework is an abstraction in which software providing generic functionality can be selectively changed by additional user-written code, thus providing application-specific software.

Mental State is a persons intentions, beliefs, desires, behavior and emotions at a given moment or in a particular period of time. In psychology it is a mental condition in which the qualities of a state are relatively constant even though the state itself may be dynamic or able to change constantly and adapt.

"To have a Knack for something goes beyond possessing talent in a certain skill, it's like having a natural ability, an ability that only reveals itself when something new is learned and then used in a particular way."

Visual Tools - Elements of Design

Visual Variables Tools Insertion Sort is a simple sorting algorithm that builds the final sorted array (or list) one item at a time. It is much less efficient on large lists than more advanced algorithms such as quicksort, heapsort, or merge sort. However, insertion sort provides several advantages.

Visualizing -Spatial Visualization Ability - Creative Visualization - Perspective - Graphs - Charts - Mind Maps - Framework

Moire Pattern are large scale interference patterns that can be produced when an opaque ruled pattern with transparent gaps is overlaid on another similar pattern. For the moiré interference pattern to appear, the two patterns are not completely identical, they must be displaced, rotated, etc. or have different, but similar pitch. Colors.

Voronoi Diagram is a partitioning of a plane into regions based on distance to points in a specific subset of the plane. That set of points (called seeds, sites, or generators) is specified beforehand, and for each seed there is a corresponding region consisting of all points closer to that seed than to any other. These regions are called Voronoi cells. The Voronoi diagram of a set of points is dual to its Delaunay triangulation.

Aliasing is an effect that causes different signals to become indistinguishable (or aliases of one another) when sampled. It also refers to the distortion or artifact that results when the signal reconstructed from samples is different from the original continuous signal.

Minimum Spanning Tree is a subset of the edges of a connected, edge-weighted undirected graph that connects all the vertices together, without any cycles and with the minimum possible total edge weight. That is, it is a spanning tree whose sum of edge weights is as small as possible. More generally, any undirected graph (not necessarily connected) has a minimum spanning forest, which is a union of the minimum spanning trees for its connected components.

Pointillism is a technique of painting in which small, distinct dots of color are applied in patterns to form an image.

Divisionism was the characteristic style in Neo-Impressionist painting defined by the separation of colors into individual dots or patches which interacted optically.

Picture Smart - Pattern Recognition - Elements of Building Design Guides - Development - Symmetry

•Create visual hierarchy and contrast with typography.
•Use white space appropriately.
•Keep your design elements consistent.

Website Wireframe also known as a page schematic or screen blueprint, is a visual guide that represents the skeletal framework of a website. Wireframes are created for the purpose of arranging elements to best accomplish a particular purpose. The purpose is usually being informed by a business objective and a creative idea. The wireframe depicts the page layout or arrangement of the website’s content, including interface elements and navigational systems, and how they work together. The wireframe usually lacks typographic style, color, or graphics, since the main focus lies in functionality, behavior, and priority of content. In other words, it focuses on what a screen does, not what it looks like. Wireframes can be pencil drawings or sketches on a whiteboard, or they can be produced by means of a broad array of free or commercial software applications. Wireframes are generally created by business analysts, user experience designers, developers, visual designers, and by those with expertise in interaction design, information architecture and user research. Wireframes focus on: The range of functions available. The relative priorities of the information and functions. The rules for displaying certain kinds of information. The effect of different scenarios on the display. The website wireframe connects the underlying conceptual structure, or information architecture, to the surface, or visual design of the website. Wireframes help establish functionality and the relationships between different screen templates of a website. An iterative process, creating wireframes, is an effective way to make rapid prototypes of pages, while measuring the practicality of a design concept. Wireframing typically begins between “high-level structural work—like flowcharts or site maps—and screen designs.” Within the process of building a website, wireframing is where thinking becomes tangible. Aside from websites, wireframes are utilized for the prototyping of mobile sites, computer applications, or other screen-based products that involve human-computer interaction.

Basic Elements of Design (Info-Graph)

Theo van DoesburgFlag is a piece of fabric that is often rectangular or quadrilateral with a distinctive design that is used as a symbol, as a signaling device, or as decoration. Flag Code Communication (semaphores code) - Patriotism.

1. Keep It Simple - The flag should be so simple that a child can draw it from memory.
2. Use Meaningful Symbolism - The flag’s images, colors, or patterns should relate to what it symbolizes.
3. Use 2–3 Basic Colors - Limit the number of colors on the flag to 3, which contrast well and come from the standard color set.
4. No Lettering or Seals - Never use writing of any kind or an organization’s seal.
5. Be Distinctive or Be Related - Avoid duplicating other flags, but use similarities to show connections.

Flag Design - Symmetry Fibonacci

Vexillology is the scientific study of the history, symbolism and usage of flags or, by extension, any interest in flags in general.

Roman Mars: Why City Flags may be the worst designed thing you've never noticed (video)

Representation is the use of signs that stand in for and take the place of something else. It is through representation that people organize the world and reality through the act of naming its elements. Signs are arranged in order to form semantic constructions and express relations.

Logos - Visual Graphics Tools - Mind Maps

Elements and Principles of the Visual Language (PDF)

Max Planck Institute for Empirical Aesthetics explores who aesthetically appreciates what, for which reasons and under which situational and historical circumstances, and analyzes the functions of aesthetic practices and preferences for individuals and societies.

Architect Reza Asgaripour, Draw Superb Two Point Perspective all you need is a pen, a paper clip and one long elastic string tied to the horizon of your canvas.
Two Point Perspective Drawing Technique

Vanishing Point - Spatial Intelligence

Efflorescence is the unfolding of blossoms, blooming. The period of greatest prosperity or productivity.

Latte Art (wiki)

Painting using Coffee Stains

"What might be irrelevant details to you, might be relevant details to someone else."

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