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Social Networks - Social Media

Social Network is a dedicated website or other application which enables people who use the network tool to communicate with each other by posting information, comments, messages, videos and images. Creating a network of social interactions and personal relationships. A social network is a social structure made up of a set of social actors such as individuals or organizations. Social network analysis of these social structures can help identify local and global patterns, locate influential entities, and examine network dynamics.

Social Network Dangers - Comments - Technology Addiction - Popularity - Conformity - Inhibition - Information Bubble

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Social Netwoks Social Networking Service is an online platform which people use to build social networks or social relationships with other people who share similar personal or career interests, activities, backgrounds or real-life connections. Social networking services vary in format and the number of features. They can incorporate a range of new information and communication tools, operating on desktops and on laptops, on mobile devices such as tablet computers and smartphones. They may feature digital photo/video/sharing and diary entries online (blogging). Online community services are sometimes considered social-network services by developers and users, though in a broader sense, a social-network service usually provides an individual-centered service whereas online community services are group-centered. Defined as "websites that facilitate the building of a network of contacts in order to exchange various types of content online," social networking sites provide a space for interaction to continue beyond in person interactions. These computer mediated interactions link members of various networks and may help to both maintain and develop new social and professional relationships. Social networking sites allow users to share ideas, digital photos and videos, posts, and to inform others about online or real-world activities and events with people in their network. While in-person social networking – such as gathering in a village market to talk about events – has existed since the earliest development of towns, the web enables people to connect with others who live in different locations, ranging from across a city to across the world. Depending on the social media platform, members may be able to contact any other member. In other cases, members can contact anyone they have a connection to, and subsequently anyone that contact has a connection to, and so on. The success of social networking services can be seen in their dominance in society today, with Facebook having a massive 2.13 billion active monthly users and an average of 1.4 billion daily active users in 2017. LinkedIn, a career-oriented social-networking service, generally requires that a member personally know another member in real life before they contact them online. Some services require members to have a preexisting connection to contact other members. The main types of social networking services contain category places (such as age or occupation or religion), means to connect with friends (usually with self-description pages), and a recommendation system linked to trust. One can categorize social-network services into four types: Socialization Social Network services used primarily for socializing with existing friends (e.g., Facebook). Online Social Networks are decentralized and distributed computer networks where users communicate with each other through internet services. Networking Social Network services used primarily for non-social interpersonal communication (e.g., LinkedIn, a career- and employment-oriented site). Social Navigation Social Network services used primarily for helping users to find specific information or resources. There have been attempts to standardize these services to avoid the need to duplicate entries of friends and interests. A study reveals that India recorded world's largest growth in terms of social media users in 2013. A 2013 survey found that 73% of U.S. adults use social-networking sites.

Social Group can be defined as two or more people who interact with one another, share similar characteristics, and collectively have a sense of unity. Regardless, social groups come in a myriad of sizes and varieties. For example, a society can be viewed as a large social group. The system of behaviors and psychological processes occurring within a social group or between social groups is known as group dynamics.

Network of Practice is a concept related to the work on communities of practice, that refers to the overall set of various types of informal, emergent social networks that facilitate information exchange between individuals with practice-related goals. In other words, networks of practice range from communities of practice, where learning occurs, to electronic networks of practice (often referred to as virtual or electronic communities).

Community of Practice is a group of people who share a concern or a passion for something they do and learn how to do it better as they interact regularly. Social Learning.

Scientific Collaboration Network is a social network where nodes are scientists and links are co-authorships as the latter is one of the most well documented forms of scientific collaboration. It is an undirected, scale-free network where the degree distribution follows a power law with an exponential cutoff – most authors are sparsely connected while a few authors are intensively connected. The network has an assortative nature – hubs tend to link to other hubs and low-degree nodes tend to link to low-degree nodes. Assortativity is not structural, meaning that it is not a consequence of the degree distribution, but it is generated by some process that governs the network’s evolution.

Business Networking is the sharing of information or services between people, businesses, or groups. It is also a way for individuals to grow their relationships for their job or business. As a result, connections or a network can be built and useful for individuals in their professional or personal lives. Networking helps build meaningful relationships that are beneficial to all involved parties to exchange information and services. Gaining new significant business acquaintances can be obtained by networking meetings, social media, personal networking, and business networking, to name a few. In the second half of the twentieth century, networking was promoted to help business people to build their social capital. In the US, workplace equity advocates encouraged business networking by members of marginalized groups (e.g., women, African-Americans, etc.) to identify and address the challenges barring them from professional success. Mainstream business literature subsequently adopted the terms and concepts, promoted them as pathways to success for all career climbers.

You may only need a 1,000 true fans, this is because 5 percent of fans can be 90 percent of your business.

Personal Network is a set of human contacts known to an individual, with whom that individual would expect to interact at intervals to support a given set of activities. In other words, a personal network is a group of caring, dedicated people who are committed to maintain a relationship with a person in order to support a given set of activities. Having a strong personal network requires being connected to a network of resources for mutual development and growth. Personal networks can be understood by: who knows you, what you know about them, what they know about you, what are you learning together, how you work at that. Personal networks are intended to be mutually beneficial, extending the concept of teamwork beyond the immediate peer group. The term is usually encountered in the workplace, though it could apply equally to other pursuits outside work. Personal networking is the practice of developing and maintaining a personal network, which is usually undertaken over an extended period. Personal networking is often encouraged by large organizations, in the hope of improving productivity, and so a number of tools exist to support the maintenance of networks. Many of these tools are IT-based, and use Web 2.0 technologies.

Technology Abuses - Social Network Failures

Not Everyone uses social networks in the same way or thinks about social networks in the same way. Some use it for different reasons than others. There's not a standard operating procedure for social networking, it's just another social experiment that's in the early stages, and some experiments produce positive results and some don't. People understand the importance of communicating, but not everyone understands how to use language effectively or efficiently. We know that language helps us to transfer knowledge and information to ourselves and to others, but we don't fully understand the process, or do we use language accurately enough in order to maximize the benefits that should come from every conversation, and come from every act of communication. Language is the most powerful tool that we have, but we are literally just starting to talk. We are like 5 year olds with a long way to go, but we are growing up faster and learning faster than any other time in human history.

Social Network Dangers - Technology Abuse - Don't Blame the Internet

Social media companies are protected by a 1996 law that shields them from liability for content posted on their platforms. All media and not just social media companies need to be better regulated. But you first have to fix the dumbed down education system that is the root cause of society problems. To dismantle the structural racism starts with improving education. Kids are naïve as a result of societies dumbed down education institutions that are corporate controlled by ignorant fanatics. Ignorance metastasizes like cancer when ignorant people control the schools and control the media.

Ignorant people seek revenge, smart people seek justice and seek education improvements that work on reducing the ignorance of people. Gang violence is minimal when compared to corporate violence. They are profit-driven. They don't want to have any type of control or restrictions that would suppress advertising or brain washing.

Social media companies say they remove content that violates their policies against threatening others or encouraging violence as quickly as possible, yet scumbags on TV do never do this.

For some people, social media platforms have cause them to misdiagnose themselves with conditions such as anxiety, depression, eating disorders, autism, radicalism and gender identity-related conditions. Learning the wrong things at the wrong time can be dangerous.

Seattle's schools are suing tech giants for harming young people's mental health. Schools should be focused on improving education so that students are more prepared and more resilient. Schools are not going to solve the problem of ignorant scumbag corporations who focus more on money than service and people. Schools need to be part of the solution. Lawsuits don't change scumbag corporations, it only forces them to find different ways to be scumbags, which are historical facts that schools fail to teach students.

Seattle public school district has filed a lawsuit against the tech giants behind TikTok, Instagram, Facebook, YouTube and Snapchat, seeking to hold them accountable for the mental health crisis among youth. Seattle Public Schools filed the lawsuit Friday in U.S. District Court. The 91-page complaint says the social media companies have created a public nuisance by targeting their products to children. It blames them for worsening mental health and behavioral disorders including anxiety, depression, disordered eating and cyberbullying; making it more difficult to educate students; and forcing schools to take steps such as hiring additional mental health professionals, developing lesson plans about the effects of social media, and providing additional training to teachers. While federal law — Section 230 of the Communications Decency Act — helps protect online companies from liability arising from what third-party users post on their platforms, the lawsuit argues that provision does not protect the tech giants' behavior in this case. The lawsuit says that from 2009 to 2019, there was on average a 30% increase in the number of Seattle Public Schools students who reported feeling "so sad or hopeless almost every day for two weeks or more in a row" that they stopped doing some typical activities. Internal studies revealed by Facebook whistleblower Frances Haugen in 2021 showed that the company knew that Instagram negatively affected teenagers by harming their body image and making eating disorders and thoughts of suicide worse. She alleged that the platform prioritized profits over safety and hid its own research from investors and the public.

Having access to something can be a good thing, but having access to something can also be a bad thing. If you don't have self-control, and if you don't have the skills and knowledge that's needed to use a resource effectively or efficiently, then having access to something may do more harm than good, like with addiction. Schools need to teach a class on Social Media 101, which would be a combination of communication skills, relationships, human phycology and media literacy, to name a few. People are getting too stressed out from using social media. A lot of people are using social media incorrectly, they're comparing themselves to a platform that is not a verification, judgment or measurement of a persons worth or value. It is simply an advanced communication tool. And a person using advanced tools needs advanced understanding of these tools, which means they have to learn a lot of knowledge and skills in order to use advanced technology effectively and efficiently. There really is no replacement for learning, it is a responsibility that everyone on this planet shares. Social Services.

Why the BK101 Facebook page is not being updated on a regular basis? Facebook is not safe place to be. We encourage people to spend more time on the BK101 website than on facebook. In the future we will create our own social network with no adds, no manipulation and no exploitation. A social network where you get paid when your information is used. You will also know why your information was used, where it was used, when it was used, and how it was used. And you will have more control of your interface and its functions. I'm not anti-social media, I just want an effective communication platform that's open, transparent and definitely not exploitive in anyway.

ADL International Leadership Award Presented to Sacha Baron Cohen at Never Is Now 2019 (youtube) - Sacha Baron Cohen Slams Mark Zuckerberg's 'Bullsh*t' Arguments About Free Speech. Facebook as the greatest propaganda machine in history.

Social Network Dangers (propaganda and fake news) - Technology Addiction

Facebook to Pay Moderators $52M for Psychological Damages whose job has them viewing graphic and disturbing posts and videos on its platforms. In a 2018 lawsuit, third-party contractors for the company said that Facebook failed to properly protect them against severe psychological and other injuries that can result from repeated exposure to graphic material such as child sexual abuse, beheadings, terrorism, animal cruelty and other disturbing images. The settlement grants U.S. moderators who were part of the class-action lawsuit $1,000 each. Those who have been diagnosed with conditions related to their work will be able to get medical treatment and damages of up to $50,000, according to the preliminary settlement filed in the Superior Court of California for the County of San Mateo.

In 2021, states are investigating how Instagram recruits and affects children. A bipartisan group of state attorneys general is investigating how Instagram attracts and potentially harms children and young adults. When social media platforms treat our children as mere commodities to manipulate for longer screen time engagement and data extraction. Instagram, like most social media apps, prohibits users younger than 13 because of federal privacy law. But they are still ignoring the negative effects of TV.

Party on(line): The Link between Social Media, Alcohol Use.

Networks are important extremely valuable. Friendships are important extremely valuable. Connected to someone on Facebook is not the same as being connected to someone in real life. Friends on Facebook is not like friends in real life. Knowing someone takes more than time. You may be friends with someone your whole life but never really know them completely. That's because people never reveal everything about themselves, or know how. This is because the education system is extremely inadequate. Schools deliberately keep students ignorant about themselves and the world around them. And students have no idea that they are ignorant because they don't have the knowledge and information that would reveal their ignorance, which means they will never know how ignorant they are their entire lives. So in order to accurately know yourself and the world around you you need the knowledge and information that will allow you to do this. Then you will be able to communicate who you really are to other people as well as yourself. So until the, you must admit that you're ignorant and that you have a lot to learn. Start reading BK101 today and don't ever stop. Because I will never stop learning and never stop collecting and organizing the most valuable knowledge and information that the collective intelligence of people in the world creates everyday.

We know that there is a lot of time being wasted on the Internet. But we cannot ignore the enormous amount of time that is being saved by the Internet or the enormous amount knowledge that is being gained every second over the Internet. Abuse of technology is not unique to the Internet, because all technologies are abused. It’s great that everyone can have a voice on the Internet. Millions of people want to communicate and want to be heard. But not everyone is communicating for any particular benefit or purpose. Some people just want to be famous, some people just want to make money, some people just want to entertain themselves, and some people just want to say hello to friends. This causes a lot of distractions on the Internet with some areas being over saturated, unorganized and misused. But because of the Internet, people will continue to get wiser and start realizing the potential that the Internet offers. Individuals on the Internet will eventually form communities and turn into groups that can focus on particular subjects, particular causes, particular problems and particular solutions, as they do today. 

How could we become so connected and yet be so disconnected at the same time?

Besides showing us how many people there are who love to waste time, one of the most astounding things that Social Networks reveal is that there are millions of people who have enough computer skills to communicate with each other on a massive scale. And those millions of people can literally change the world, that's if everyone worked together as a team, and at the same time doesn't get infiltrated and manipulated by the selfish and paranoid powers that be.

Look at this Instagram (Nickelback Parody) (youtube)

Facebook is a very unique environment. It's a complex way of socializing because everyone has a different understanding of how Facebook should be used. Everyone also has different expectations and perceives Facebook in their own way. So in a way Facebook creates a false sense of reality. So the user must be aware that Facebook has many risks involved. I believe Facebook and other social networks are a great way to keep in touch with friends, family, colleagues and is sometimes a nice way to meet new people. But Facebook is very limited in communicating sincerity, and it could never be as effective as talking to someone on the phone. Or could Facebook ever be as personal or honest as a real face-to-face conversation. So please, pick up the phone once in a while, because you will never be able to replace a human voice, because meaning sometimes needs more then just text and images, it needs a human. To avoid being Superficial, people must learn to be aware that there is always more then what appears to be on the surface. Knowing someone is not the same as keeping in touch with someone you think you know.

Facebook in December 2013, hired French neural nets innovator Yann LeCun to direct its new AI research lab. Facebook uses neural nets to translate about 2 billion user posts per day in more than 40 languages, and says its translations are seen by 800 million users a day. (About half its community does not speak English.) Facebook also uses neural nets for photo search and photo organization, and it’s working on a feature that would generate spoken captions for untagged photos that could be used by the visually impaired. Fei-Fei Li from Image Net labeled 14 million images.

Over 30 million Facebook accounts belong to Dead People. 30 Million Facebook users died in the first eight years of its existence. In fact, 428 of them die every hour, and 10,273 die everyday. Facebook will eventually have millions of users that are dead and diseased, that's because family's like to keep the pages active as a memorial to their loved ones. So when you die your Facebook page will live on. Unless you leave detailed instructions to family or friends not to keep it live.

Alternative Social Networks

Alternative Social Networks: Diaspora, Vero, Path, Ello, MeWe, Minds, NextDoor, Niche Networks, The Dots.

MeWe does not share your personal information and does not sell your personal information to advertisers or marketers. There are no ads, no targeting, no newsfeed manipulation and NO BS! Share content only with those you wish to see it. It's your online life, with trust, control, privacy and safety. It’s your show. Share your world online your way, by your rules. You own your content. You control your interactions. You design your level of privacy.

Be Real makes you post everyday at a different time, everyone is notified simultaneously to capture and share a Photo in 2 Minutes. A new and unique way to discover who your friends really are in their daily life.

Social Network Platform for the Human Race. I know that we have the ability to have real conversations and come to an understanding. But what we don't have is a platform that has an easy to understand procedure that has a goal to find an agreement. We have laws, we have treaties, we have declarations, but we don't have is a common agreement on the most important matters at hand. There has to be an open public debate that is moderated, with the questions all ready known before the meeting, so that people will have time to learn how to answer those questions as best as they can. Let us agree on the most important things first, and then go from there. Let us list the facts, debate the facts, and then use the facts in context in order to come to an agreement on a particular subject matter. We must interpret things in the same way at each step, so when we come to a conclusion, everyone will be confident that the answer is correct. This is similar to what science does. Science has peer reviews and can also be confirmed by other people who can confirm the facts by repeating a test in their own experiments.

Do you understand bias? Do you understand what assuming is? Information can only be processed using other information. So what is the information that you use when processing other information? How do you translate? How do you interpret? How do you assign meaning to words?

Debating is what bought us here, and debating is what will advance us from here. There is a level of debate that is not yet been attained, and it's not being used or even considered.

Misinformation: Last Week Tonight with John Oliver (HBO) (youtube)

Our ability to share and gather information from each other is a great asset. It's just that our personal information and our best knowledge is being used and abused for money and not for the benefit of people. That is the poison that oozes from a capitalistic society. it's not the fault of capitalism, it is the result of ignorant people. And people don't know how ignorant they are because we do not have an accurate way of measuring their ignorance. As soon as we design this extremely important test we can make people realize how ignorant they are so they can make the appropriate corrections in the way they manage their life and in the way they view the world. No one wants to be ignorant.

Network Effects is a product or service that gains additional value as more people use it. It is the phenomenon by which the value or utility a user derives from a good or service depends on the number of users of compatible products. network effect is also called network externality or demand-side economies of scale. Network effects can be direct or indirect. Direct network effects arise when a given user's utility increases with the number of other users of the same product or technology, meaning that adoption of a product by different users is complementary.

Economies of Scale are the cost advantages that enterprises obtain due to their scale of operation, and are typically measured by the amount of output produced per unit of time or production. A decrease in cost per unit of output enables an increase in scale. At the basis of economies of scale, there may be technical, statistical, organizational or related factors to the degree of market control. This is just a partial description of the concept.

Friend Score vs. Real Friends

Dunbar's Number is a suggested cognitive limit to the number of people with whom one can maintain stable social relationships. These are relationships in which an individual knows who each person is and how each person relates to every other person.

Klout tracks how retweets, likes, and shares change your klout score.

Clout is having a special advantage or influence. Having many followers or fans that trust your opinion.

Social Edge - Mobi Social - Internet Relationships

Friending is the act of adding someone to a list of "friends" on a social networking service. The notion does not necessarily involve the concept of friendship. It is also distinct from the idea of a "fan".

You Have 0 Friends is the fourth episode of the 14th season of the American animated television series South Park, and the 199th episode of the series overall. In the episode, Kyle, Cartman and Kenny make Stan a Facebook Profile against his will and he becomes extremely frustrated with everyone asking him for friend requests. After he gets fed up with Facebook, Stan tries to delete his profile but is sucked into a virtual Facebook world. Meanwhile, Kyle starts trying to find ways to get more friends on Facebook after he drastically starts losing them due to his befriending of a third-grade friendless Facebook user, whom everyone considers a loser.

Popularity can Distort Reality - Fame can be a Double Edge Sword - Cult of Personality

More than 300 million people globally don’t have a single friend, according to Gallup data. And more than 20% of people don’t have friends or family they can count on whenever they need them. Many Americans do not have a large number of close friends. Close to half (49 percent) of Americans report having three or fewer. More than one-third (36 percent) of Americans report having several close friends—between four and nine. Thirteen percent of Americans say they have 10 or more close friends, which is roughly the same proportion of the public that has no close friends (12 percent). The number of close friendships Americans have appears to have declined considerably over the past several decades. In 1990, less than one-third (27 percent) said they had three or fewer close friends, while about as many (33 percent) reported having 10 or more close friends. Only 3 percent said they did not have any close friends. Two-Thirds of Americans have a childhood friend. Women are far more likely than men to receive emotional support from their friends. Fewer Americans today have a "Best Friend". The average person spends 81,396 hours — the equivalent of more than nine years — at work. Americans are now more likely to make friends at work than any other way — including at school, in their neighborhood, at their place of worship, or even through existing friends, according to the Survey Center on American Life. Young men rely more on parents for personal support.

"As we grow up, we realize it becomes less important to have more friends, and more important to have real ones."

"When you’re up, your friends know who you are. When you’re down, you know who your friends are." Friendship.

"Making a hundred friends is not a miracle. The miracle is to make a single friend who will stand by your side even when hundreds are against you."

"If people updated their knowledge base as much as they updated their Facebook Page we would have a lot less ignorance in the world." Disgrace Book?

Internet Sayings and Quotes.

Social Networks should not just be about me, me, me. Social networks need to be focused more on us ,us ,us. 

Social Media Influence is the influence of social media, or any media, that can be damaging, but if used correctly, it can be very beneficial for everyone. Influencers.

A Simplified Model of Social Media Influence. Credibility - Bandwidth (or coverage such as TV channels, Blogs, Newspapers) - Relevance - Timing - Alignment - Confidence.

My twitter account says I'm following 20 people, but I'm not following anyone, I don't have the time, only 33 are following me, but I'm sure they are not following me because I hardly ever post anything, so, should I just delete the account? I'm not using it.

FOAF is an acronym for friend of a friend, which is a machine-readable ontology describing persons, their activities and their relations to other people and objects. Anyone can use FOAF to describe themselves. FOAF allows groups of people to describe social networks without the need for a centralised database. FOAF is a descriptive vocabulary expressed using the Resource Description Framework (RDF) and the Web Ontology Language (OWL). Computers may use these FOAF profiles to find, for example, all people living in Europe, or to list all people both you and a friend of yours know. This is accomplished by defining relationships between people. Each profile has a unique identifier (such as the person's e-mail addresses, international telephone number, Facebook account name, a Jabber ID, or a URI of the homepage or weblog of the person), which is used when defining these relationships. The FOAF project, which defines and extends the vocabulary of a FOAF profile, was started in 2000 by Libby Miller and Dan Brickley. It can be considered the first Social Semantic Web application, in that it combines RDF technology with 'social web' concerns. Tim Berners-Lee, in a 2007 essay, redefined the semantic web concept into the Giant Global Graph, where relationships transcend networks and documents. He considers the GGG to be on equal ground with the Internet and the World Wide Web, stating that "I express my network in a FOAF file, and that is a start of the revolution."

Social Network Analysis is the process of investigating social structures through the use of network and graph theories. It characterizes networked structures in terms of nodes (individual actors, people, or things within the network) and the ties, edges, or links (relationships or interactions) that connect them.

Disinhibition - To Care or Not to Care what others think

Online Disinhibition Effect is when a person does not care about what other people think about them, so they ignorantly believe that they can say anything or do anything that they want without having any consideration for other people, which is total perversion of the freedom of expression and the freedom of speech. Freedom is not a right to be an as*hole, it's the right to be honest with people without being unfairly judged, which takes good communication skills, awareness and people skills. When communicating on social networks, or on comment forms or by e-mail, some people may loosen or completely abandon social restrictions and inhibitions that would otherwise be present in normal face-to-face interactions. During interactions with others on the internet, people may experience dissociative anonymity and feel like they are invisible. Asynchronism, solipsistic introjection, dissociative imagination, and minimization of authority or accountability has its dangers and vulnerabilities.

Disinhibition is a lack of restraint manifested in disregard for social conventions, impulsivity, and poor risk assessment. Disinhibition affects motor, instinctual, emotional, cognitive, and perceptual aspects with signs and symptoms similar to the diagnostic criteria for mania. Hypersexuality, hyperphagia, and aggressive outbursts are indicative of disinhibited instinctual drives.

Reckless is having defiant disregard for danger or consequences. Characterized by careless unconcern. Having the lack of accountability and responsibility.

Masks are sometimes seen as a way to become someone else that you couldn’t be before or to embody another identity. Masks create a separation not only between subjects, but can also alienate the self from the true self as well.

Masking Personality - Wearing Masks - Role-Playing - Sexting - Fetish - Risky Habits - Sociopaths - Over Confidence - Showing Off - Sexy Clothes

Exhibitionism is extravagant behavior that is intended to attract attention to oneself.

Anonymity may reduce the accountability one perceives to have for their actions, and removes the impact these actions might otherwise have on their reputation. Privacy - Anonymity.

Inhibited is unable to act in a relaxed and natural way because of self-consciousness or mental restraint.

Showing Off - Needing Attention - Introvert - Being Your True Self

Inhibition is a feeling that makes one self-conscious and unable to act in a relaxed and natural way. A voluntary or involuntary restraint on the direct expression of an instinct. The action of restricting or hindering a process.

Self Control - Program - Abstinence - Addictions - Neural Inhibition

We can't ignore some of the Psychological Effects of being on the internet. We need to improve education so that future generations are more intelligent, and also less vulnerable to the dangers.

Addiction to Technology - Critical Thinking - Turing Test

Praise - Social Networking Dangers - Internet Addiction - Self Harm

A study in 2000 for the National Household Survey on Drug Abuse found that people reported more drug use when questionnaires were administered by computer instead of in person. People disclose more personal information chatting online, as opposed to speaking face-to-face.

Computer-Assisted Personal Interviewing (Q&A)

Hawthorne Effect is a type of reactivity in which individuals modify or improve an aspect of their behavior in response to their awareness of being observed. Games.

Surveillance Dangers - Censorship - Observation Effects

Eriksen Flanker Task is a set of response inhibition tests used to assess the ability to suppress responses that are inappropriate in a particular context. The target is flanked by non-target stimuli which correspond either to the same directional response as the target (congruent flankers), to the opposite response (incongruent flankers), or to neither (neutral flankers). In an Eriksen Flanker Task there are three types of stimuli used: Congruent stimulus- Flankers call for the same response as the target, and may appear identical. Also referred to as the compatible condition. Incongruent stimulus- Flanker items call for the opposite response of the target and are represented by different symbols. Also referred to as the incompatible condition. Neutral stimulus- Flanker items neither call for the same response nor evoke response conflict. When subjects participate in the Eriksen Flanker Task, the anterior cingulate cortex, or the ACC, is activated. The ACC is a frontal brain structure responsible for a wide variety of autonomic functions. It is observed to be more active in response to processing incongruent stimuli than congruent stimuli. It is believed that the ACC may monitor the amount of conflict in an Eriksen Flanker trial. Then, that measured conflict is used to enhance the amount of control the participant has on the next trial. Thus indicating that the more conflict presented on trial n, the more control expressed on trial n + 1
This process leads to an interaction called the Gratton effect, which is the finding of a lower interference effect after an incongruent trial compared to the effect after a congruent trial. On this first trial (trial n) the incongruent stimulus presented will lead to an increase in conflict detected by the ACC. On trial n + 1, the increased conflict will lead to more control, causing the distracting, or flanker, stimuli to be more readily ignored.

Intelligence Testing - Attention Control

Self-Determination Theory is the motivation behind the choices that people make without any external influence and interference. Validation.

Some people think that society is becoming more isolated because of the Internet, which is partly true but also false. We should not confuse isolation with more in depth thinking or more in depth exploration of self and humanity. Socializing online is not the same as socializing face to face. Socializing face to face has its benefits and its hazards. Socializing online also has its benefits and its hazards. But the bottom line is that people are socializing and communicating. A person can be just as isolated in public as they can be at home by themselves. So the problem is not the Internet, the problem is society itself. But guess what, because of the Internet’s incredible potential to communicate and collaborate with millions of people, society problems will soon be a thing of the past as long as everyone has knowledge of what it means to have interpersonal intelligence.

The Internet will not be able to fix all of our problems. We still need to educate everyone. We have to learn how to utilize technologies efficiently, effectively, intelligently and honestly, and at the same time and just as important, we have to learn how to live without technologies so that we never lose touch of our human qualities and never lose touch with the life that God and Earth has given us.

Technology is Just a Tool

What is the difference between a social Network and an internet relationship?

Noosphere (princeton)

Just because other people unknowingly choose to be ignorant, this doesn't mean that you have to be ignorant just to fit in.

Just because you post something this does not mean that everyone will read it, or understand it. Posting on social networks is not the same as a direct email or phone call. But a social network should have an option for a mass message so that everyone on your network receives a massage alert. The bottom line is, never take language for granted. You have to use language as effective and as a efficient as possible, if not, then your communication becomes mostly noise. Language is the most important tool that we use to transfer information, and yet everyone treats language like it's a toy or some kind of guaranteed fact. Everything that you are and everything that you will ever be, will come from the language that you have and use in your mind. You cannot have thoughts without words, and you can not have good thoughts without using good words. And you can not send good messages without understanding words and without knowing how to transfer information effectively and efficiently as possible.

Comments - Criticizing

The Good, the Bad and the Ugly and the Pros and Cons with having a Comment Section. Allowing comments is kind of like having a rating system. They are not always accurate and they can also be misleading. But if a comment section is working correctly, it can offer more opinions and even some other information that was not available in the original content. But sadly, other times a comment section can waste a lot of time and also be distracting. And it can also be a place for ignorant people to share ignorant opinions or even spread hate. So when someone shares an ignorant opinion, whether in a comment section or not, it's good to try to correct them without adding any more ignorant opinions or comments. You want to keep people honest without calling them a liar, or without adding your own lies. Everyone makes stupid comments once in a while, and everyone says things that they regret saying later on. We sometimes make the assumption that we know enough about a particular subject that we can enlighten other people. So we express our views even knowing that we could never fully explain ourselves in a few sentences. And on top of that, a lot of people are not ready to have an open and honest conversation with a stranger. So most people will hold on to their biases without knowing how much damage they cause to themselves or to other people. So we need comment sections in some places and we don't need them in other places. When watching TV or other programs, the media is mostly just comments with some truth mixed in, so as to give you the impression that you're learning something. If the mass media had a comment section, mass media would have to end the ideology they claim to represent.

Criticizing - Trolls Bullying - Feedback - Oversight - Peer Review - Bystander - Pros and Cons - Public Surveys - Censorship

The more people you allow to communicate with, the greater your chances will be that an ignorant person will feel the need to harass you and attack you. So you have to be ready and prepared for criticism and ridicule. How you react and respond to peoples ignorance is extremely important. And hitting back may not be the best way to communicate. You don't want to make things worse by getting sucked into an argument that has no discussion control or format rules. Clearly explain your view and always ask questions. And you have to be able to admit when you're wrong, especially when you make a mistake. Just Apologize and then move on. If you want to thank the person for correcting you, then do so. And the most important thing is, never let anyone near your heart, meaning, don't take things personally or feel unloved in anyway. You have the power and control over your wellbeing. But you have to learn what powers and controls you have. And then you must practice them and also use your power and control as much as possible, because that is your responsibility. No one should control how you feel inside, no one except for you. But you have to learn how, because no one can learn for you.

Peanut Gallery was a nickname for the cheapest and ostensibly rowdiest seats in the theater in the days of vaudeville, where the occupants of which were often known to heckle the performers. Patent Trolls.

Heckler is a person who harasses and tries to disconcert others with questions, challenges, or gibes. Hecklers are often known to shout disparaging comments at a performance or event, or to interrupt set-piece speeches, with the intent of disturbing performers and/or participants. Satire - Profanity.

Cancel Culture or callout culture describes a form of boycott in which an individual or a celebrity who has acted or spoken in a questionable or controversial manner is boycotted. Free Speech Abuse.

Online Shaming is a form of public shaming in which targets are publicly humiliated on the internet, via social media platforms.
Online shaming takes many forms including call-outs, cancellation, doxing, negative reviews, and revenge porn.

Don't Get Sucked into an Argument, especially an argument that makes you express the same ignorant behavior and reasoning as the other person expressed. Two wrongs don't make a right.

Dish It Out But Can't Take It means that a person can voice harsh thoughts, criticisms, or insults toward others, but they do not like it when someone else does the same thing to them. Unable to take the same criticism that they give others.

Hypocrite - Glass Houses - Conservative - Progressive

Study suggests secret for getting teens to listen to unsolicited advice. Teens will appreciate parents' unsolicited advice, but only if the parent is supportive of their teens' autonomy. If the parent was perceived not to support autonomy, the study found unsolicited advice was not viewed as helpful.

Unsolicited Advice involves receiving information, advice, input, or suggestions from others you have not requested. When someone offers their opinion on what you could be doing differently, it can sometimes feel like criticism.

Is blocking followers a form of censorship, or is it just filtering out the nonsense? Are you blocking free speech or just blocking trolls?

Section 230 of the Communications Decency Act: No provider or user of an interactive computer service shall be treated as the publisher or speaker of any information provided by another information content provider. Section 230 does not require platforms to be “Neutral”. Online platforms are within their First Amendment rights to moderate their online platforms however they like, and they’re additionally shielded by Section 230 for many types of liability for their users’ speech. It’s not one or the other. It’s both. On July 25, Judge James Cacheris of the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Virginia handed down a decision stating that public officials may not “block” their constituents on social media. Online intermediaries that host or republish speech are protected against a range of laws that might otherwise be used to hold them legally responsible for what others say and do. The protected intermediaries include not only regular Internet Service Providers (ISPs), but also a range of "interactive computer service providers," including basically any online service that publishes third-party content. Though there are important exceptions for certain criminal and intellectual property-based claims, CDA 230 creates a broad protection that has allowed innovation and free speech online to flourish. Social Media is not a Public Forum. Facebook’s own terms of use and Community Standards would violate the First Amendment. We should regulate indecency and obscenity on the TV as well.

Comment Moderator is responsible for reviewing, responding to and moderating all user-generated content and user profiles (either pre-, post- or reactive moderation) within forums, comments, images, videos and audio, and liaising with the Legal and Community team where required. Moderating user-generated content to ensure that the community is a reliable source of information and a forum for transparent discussions. Manage any negative comments with positive responses and helpful information. Moderate discussions to promote constructive criticism. Enforcing Community Guidelines, and identifying trends in user activity for review and escalation. Utilize Community Management best practices, internal guidelines/policies and resources to provide customer interactions. Review filter hits and respond to reports of potentially inappropriate content, recognize and address threats to the well-being of the community, identify any customer service issues, and document all moderation actions. Identify and document “hot topics” within the community. Mediator.

Comments Section is a feature of Web content in which the publishers invite the audience to comment on the published content. There are two types of comment sections, gated and non-gated. Gated comments sections require users to give the website some information before they can post a comment. Many news websites such as The New York Times and most social media websites are gated, as users have to log in and post under a username that identifies them. Non-gated comment sections don’t require users to provide information before posting. This lack of a barrier to entry can allow more people to post and potentially lead to a discussion with more viewpoints covered. This anonymity, however, is believed by some to lead to uncivil behavior and a higher likelihood of seeing or experiencing verbal aggression in the comments. In response to this, both the Illinois and New York State senates have considered bills to limit non-gated comment sections. The Illinois bill would have incentivized websites to gate their comments requiring users to provide their real name, a home address and a confirmed IP address. The New York Bill would have made websites remove anonymous commenting. If a comment section is moderated it is typically done in one of the following three ways: post-moderation, pre-moderation, or through a flagging system. Comments that are post-moderated are checked after they’ve been posted. Pre-moderated comments are checked before they are allowed to be posted. Comments that are moderated with a flagging system can be marked or ‘flagged’ by other users for official website moderators to look at. (so a law for a comment section but not campaign attack adds. WTF!)

Shadow Banning is the act of blocking or partially blocking a user or their content from an online community such that it will not be readily apparent to the user that they have been banned. By making a user's contributions invisible or less prominent to other members of the service, the hope may be that in the absence of reactions to their comments, the problematic or otherwise out-of-favour user will become bored or frustrated and leave the site. Regulations (red tape).

Telling someone that they're wrong doesn't always solve the problem or correct a mistake. But you still have to speak up and yell at injustices, especially when you have the chance. You have to let people know that you are aware of this wrong and that you know what they are doing is bad. So stop.

Writing to someone is different than a face to face conversation. It's easier to write bad things about someone than to say bad things to them in person or in public. There are things that you should not say in person. Profanity will make communication less effective. And you don't want to jump to conclusions and look like a crazy ignorant person ranting about something that has not yet been personally discussed with that particular individual. If people want to communicate better and to be understood better, then people will need to educate themselves and become more knowledgeable about themselves and the world around them. There is no other way. Reducing your ignorance is your responsibility. Don't rely on other people to learn for you.

The war on ignorance is the war that everyone should be fighting in. If you're not fighting to be more knowledgeable about yourself and the world around you, then you're losing the war on ignorance, which is a war that kills thousands of people every single day and makes million of people suffer every single day. Everyone has the ability to be intelligent, let the learning revolution begin.

I'm a Public Forum and a Publisher. But I'm a one person public forum. I'm allowing Howie to write anything that he wants, just as long as he takes responsibility for his words and that he can also edit certain words later on if the words are considered to be irrelevant or obsolete, or inaccurate. You still have to monitor yourself and be responsible for yourself and be responsible for other people. We are always filtering information. And it's not censorship if the material is proven to be misleading or irrelevant. We can't slander knowledge and call it free speech. You have to be able to prove what you say and be able to prove what other people say. Human communication is under attack, and the enemy is invisible. If you can't understand the fundamentals of knowledge and information, then it will be extremely difficult for you to understand information and knowledge accurately enough, and you will never be able to effectively and efficiently control yourself or control the world around you. To be a master of this world, you have to educate yourself to the highest degree possible. I would say that I'm halfway there, with the second half being the most difficult and the most challenging part of mastering myself and the world around me.

Online Participation is used to describe the interaction between users and online communities on the web. Online communities often involve members to provide content to the website and/or contribute in some way. Examples of such include wikis, blogs, online multiplayer games, and other types of social platforms. Online participation is currently a heavily researched field. It provides insight into fields such as web design, online marketing, crowdsourcing, and many areas of psychology. Some subcategories that fall under online participation are: commitment to online communities, coordination & interaction, and member recruitment.

Social Media Statistics

One Billion new social media posts every two and a half days.
1 in every 9 people on Earth is on Facebook, People spend 700 billion minutes per month on Facebook.
Each Facebook user spends on average 15 hours and 33 minutes a month on the site.
More than 250 million people access Facebook through their mobile devices.
Facebook has reported 8 billion daily views.
More than 2.5 million websites have integrated with Facebook, 30 billion pieces of content is shared on Facebook each month.
300,000 users helped translate Facebook into 70 languages, People on Facebook install 20 million “Apps” every day.

Snapchat Sees 6 Billion Video Views Every Day.

YouTube has 490 million unique users who visit every month (as of February 2011).
YouTube generates 92 billion page views per month (These YouTube stats don’t include videos viewed on phones and embedded in websites) Users on YouTube spend a total of 2.9 billion hours per month (326,294 years).

Flickr hosts over 5 billion images.

More Amazing Stats

Twitter is handling 1.6 billion queries per day. Twitter is adding nearly 500,000 users a day.
190 million average Tweets per day occur on Twitter (May 2011). 
Short Message Service.

Google+ has more than 25 million users.
Google+ was the fastest social network to reach 10 million users at 16 days.
(Twitter took 780 days and Facebook 852 days).

Jeff Bullas Social Media Statistics
Pew Internet and American Life Project
Adobe Digital Index

"One thing that Facebook is good for is that you will hear about things that you normally wouldn't hear about, especially things about your friends that you have lost touch with. And whether that's good or bad, I guess it depends on the person. So Facebook is not a total waste of time, but it can be. So it's not so much about Facebook, it's more about how we use our technology tools then the tools themselves. And using tools effectively and efficiently is something everyone must learn to do, but sadly no school teaches that, except for BK101."

Social Networking Service is an online platform that is used by people to build social networks or social relations with other people who share similar personal or career interests, activities, backgrounds or real-life connections.

List of Social Networking Websites (wiki)

Classroom 2.0
Kono Social
Get Social Social Analytics & Automation Platform.
Wild Fire
Search and Monitor Social Media
Social Radius
Whats App
VK in social networking VKontakte InContact in Russian.

Social Media are computer-mediated technologies that allow individuals, companies, NGOs, governments, and other organizations to view, create and share information, ideas, career interests, and other forms of expression via virtual communities and networks.

Social Collaboration - Activism and Social Networks

Brain Storming - Networks - Relationships - Media Literacy - Social Equity - Social Influences

New Media most commonly refers to content available on-demand through the Internet, accessible on any digital device, usually containing interactive user feedback and creative participation. Common examples of new media include websites such as online newspapers, blogs, wikis, video games and social media. A defining characteristic of new media is dialogue. New Media transmit content through connection and conversation. It enables people around the world to share, comment on, and discuss a wide variety of topics. Unlike any of past technologies, New Media is grounded on an interactive community.

Social Network Aggregation is the process of collecting content from multiple social network services, such as Instagram, Tumblr, Flickr, LinkedIn, Twitch, YouTube, etc. into one unified presentation.

Near Field Communication is a set of communication protocols that enable two electronic devices, one of which is usually a portable device such as a smartphone, to establish communication by bringing them within about 4 cm (2 in) of each other.

Internet Relay Chat is an application layer protocol that facilitates communication in the form of text. The chat process works on a client/server networking model. IRC clients are computer programs that a user can install on their system. These clients communicate with chat servers to transfer messages to other clients. IRC is mainly designed for group communication in discussion forums, called channels, but also allows one-on-one communication via private messages as well as chat and data transfer, including file sharing.

Foot Note

We need to define what a good education is supposed to be and then make it available to everyone. School is not a place, or even a place that you graduate from, the school is your mind. And it's made up of everything that you have experienced and learned up to this point. But everyone ignorantly thinks that school is over when they leave or graduate, but in fact, we graduate to the school and not from the school, the school is your mind. So don't ever close the doors. The more you learn, the more you understand. The more you understand, the more control you have. The more control you have, the more power you have. The more power you have, the more freedom you have. The more freedom you have, the more potential you have. The more potential you have, the more possibilities you have. The more possibilities you have, the greater your life can be.

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