About the Research

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Please Remember that this Website is not the Finished Product. This website is research in progress and only the first draft. More organizing, editing, developing and processing is still needed before knowledge translation and knowledge mobilization is applied, and BK101 goes from an abstract summary to more of an executive summary style format. Instead of the notes being in the margins, the notes are embedded in the text. The notes are mostly questions and ideas about how to use the knowledge effectively an efficiently. How this project began - Instructions on How to use this Website.

Prototype is an early sample, model, of a product built to test a concept or process or to act as a thing to be replicated or learned from.

Knowledge Translation is all of the activities involved in moving research from the laboratory, the research journal, and the academic conference into the hands of people and organizations who can put it to practical use. Risk Communication.

Knowledge Mobilization refers to moving available knowledge from research into active use. KMb seeks to make connections between research/expertise and policy/practice in order to improve outcomes in various organizations or sectors. KMb involves knowledge sharing and bridging the gap.

Transferable is something capable of being moved or conveyed from one place to another. Legally transferable to the ownership of another. Financial assets, liabilities, or legal rights are able to be transferred or made over to the possession of another person.

Transfer is to move something from one place to another. The act of moving something from one location to another. The act of transferring something from one form to another. Application of a skill learned in one situation to a different but similar situation. Transition - Stages.

Technology Transfer is the process of transferring or disseminating technology from the places and ingroups of its origination to wider distribution among more people and places.

Diffusion is the property of being dispersed or distributed over a wide area and moved outward or spread out in order to cause something to become widely known. Diffusion in mythology is the spread of skills from one society to another. Diffusion is physics the process in which there is movement of a substance from an area of high concentration of that substance to an area of lower concentration.

Knowledge Market is a mechanism for distributing knowledge resources. Knowledge is a public good and should always be available. This is often referred to as attention economy.

Outline of BK101 Goals (basic summary)

When beginning any investigation, one of your first priorities is to find out what is known? So how much do we know so far? This starts with witnesses, documents and facts. I'm nearing peak information, which is the maximum rate of production or the maximum rate at which something can be processed. Education Reform.

So for now this is mainly the research along with some comments and some personal thoughts and notes. Some of this research is observational. So more work is needed to define cause-and-effect relationships, as well as, other contributing factors that would help explain the information more clearly. This website acts as a kind of test for Cognitive Dissonance and Cognitive bias, so unintentionally it filters out ignorance, which for the moment might discourage some people from reading more and learning more. This is a problem that will be corrected, because knowledge and information should be encouraging, and not discouraging. Don't jump to conclusions or overreact when reading things that you don't agree with.

My Work is like Building your own House. You have to spend money to by the land or buy the space, or a server. Then you have to buy building supplies, or computers. Then you have to learn how to build your home, using education courses. Then you can build your own home. And during all that time and work, you're not being paid to build your own house. You are making an investment. The payments that you receive from all the work that you do building your house, comes from all the benefits that comes from having a home. It not only pays for itself, the return on investment will exceed most of the other work that you will do in your life. This is your foundation.

There are only so many things that you can plan for. When I started the BK101 Project I had no idea how many hours a day that I would spend on collecting, organizing and sharing knowledge and information. I had no idea how many years I would spend doing this. I had no idea how much knowledge and information I would find, or what this knowledge and information would teach me about myself and the world around me. All I know now is that this is what I need to do. This project is extremely important and beneficial, so I see this as my destiny. The more work that I do on BK101, the more work I create. So I will be working on this until my last breath...more.

Simplifying the Complex - Making things easy to Understand

"If you can't explain it simply, you don't understand it well enough." - Albert Einstein

Layman's Terms is to describe a complex or technical statement using words and terms that someone not specialized in a specific field can understand. To put something in Layman's Terms is to phrased something simply in plain language, without jargon or fancy words. A laymen is someone who is not trained to a high or professional standard in a particular subject, and thus may not understand that subject matter. The goal is to eliminate vagueness and ambiguity and at the same time not limit knowledge to a specific set of values so that knowledge can vary infinitely within a continuum. To define but not Limit.

Simplify is making something easy to understand without reducing its meaning or lowering its importance. Basic and brief but not too general. Turning complexity into simplicity so that understanding can emerge and flourish.

Simplification is the process of making something simpler or easier to do or to understand. Fluency - Comprehension.

Simpler is something having few parts and is not too complex, complicated or involved. Without additions or modifications.

Intelligible is something capable of being apprehended or understood. Well articulated or enunciated, and loud enough to be heard distinctly.

Self-Explanatory is something that explains itself or is capable of being understood without an explanation. Something obvious and easy to understand that does not need an explanation.

Obvious is something easily perceived by the senses or grasped and understood by the mind.

Plain is something that can be clearly revealed to the mind or to the senses, or judgment. Something unmistakably and visibly clear in an evident manner. Simple and not mixed with extraneous elements. Not elaborate or elaborated. Without modification and without any attempt to soften or disguise.

Elementary is something easy and not involved or complicated. Being the essential or basic part.

Demystify is to make something less mysterious, something that is not apparent and obscure in nature and beyond ordinary understanding. Mystify is to make something confusing or perplexing. To cause someone to be unable to think clearly.

Straightforward is something that is uncomplicated and easy to do or understand. Free from ambiguity. Without evasion or compromise. Without concealment or deception; Honest. Science Communication.

Concise is giving a lot of information clearly and in a few words. Brief but comprehensive. Occam's Razor.

Concision is the cutting out of unnecessary words while conveying an idea. It aims to enhance communication by eliminating redundancy without omitting important information.

Clear is something easy to perceive, understand, or interpret. Something readily apparent to the mind. Something free from confusion or doubt. Clear is something transparent and unclouded. Affording free passage or view or allowing light to pass through. Clear is to remove an obstruction or remove unwanted item or items from something so as to be out of the way of or away from.

Encapsulate is to put in a short or concise form; reduce in volume. Enclose in a capsule or other small container.

In a Nutshell is to explain something briefly and clearly and sum it up in just a few words. To give a summary of a story.

Reframe is to express a concept or a plan differently using different words or different examples that would help explain something in a different way that may help someone understand something a little better.

White Paper is an authoritative report or guide that informs readers concisely or in a few words about a complex issue and presents the issuing body's philosophy on the matter. It is meant to help readers understand an issue, solve a problem, or make a decision.

Prose is written or spoken language in its ordinary form. A matter of fact, commonplace, or dull expression.

Reductionist is a person who analyzes and describes a complex phenomenon in terms of its simple or fundamental constituents. But does not generalize or make vague statements. Document Writing.

Methodological Reductionism is the scientific attempt to provide explanation in terms of ever smaller entities.

Theory Reductionism is the suggestion that a newer theory does not replace or absorb the old, but reduces it to more basic terms. Theory reduction itself is divisible into three: translation, derivation and explanation. Reductionism can be applied to objects, phenomena, explanations, theories, and meanings. Reductionism.

Computational Irreducibility is the inability to shortcut a program or a system, or otherwise describe its behavior in a simple way. The empirical fact is that the world of simple programs contains a great diversity of behavior, but, because of undecidability, it is impossible to predict what they will do before essentially running them. The idea demonstrates that there are occurrences where theory's predictions are effectively not possible. Computational irreducibility explains observed limitations of existing mainstream science. In cases of computational irreducibility, only observation and experiment can be used. Computational irreducibility may also provide a scientifically-based resolution for free will.

Ontological Reductionism is a belief that the whole of reality consists of a minimal number of parts.

The Feynman Technique - If you can teach a concept to a child, then you most likely understand it. By attempting to explain a concept in simple terms, often makes you more understanding of that concept. The Feynman Technique is this: Petend that you are explaining something to a child or teaching a concept to a student in the sixth grade. Identify gaps in your explanation. Identify your knowledge gaps. Go back to the source material to better understand it. Identify the subject. Write down everything you know about the topic.  Organize + simplify + Tell a story.

Oversimplify is to simplify something so much that it's difficult to understand because it doesn't have the necessary details or the context that is needed to make it clear and less vague. Oversimplifying something can distort its meaning to such a degree that it can make something no longer accurate or true.

You need to explain something in more than one way. When there's other ways to explain something, then there are other ways to understand something, especially something that is relevant to you. Sometimes there is no easy way to say something, especially something complex. Of course there's a good way or a better way of saying something. And there's also a bad way or the wrong way to say something. Most things can be explained, but there is no guarantee that the message will be understood correctly or understood in the same way by everyone. Sometimes you have to talk to each individual on their level and at the right time. Some messages can be mass produced, but there is no guarantee that the message will understood by the masses in the same way. You'll have pockets of conformity here and there, but conformity does not confirm understanding or consensus. If you want to speak to everyone, you have to speak to everyone separately. The only logical way to have comprehension be the same for everyone, is to have everyone use the same rules, the same procedures and the same reasoning that will help produce similar logical answers consistently, and also have a consensus. And the reasoning must always allow for new ideas and new perspectives. If someone does not agree, we must know why they don't agree. We can not silence or censor people, we can only filter peoples feedback in the best way that we know how. If a mistake is made, it will not be because we didn't listen someone, it will be because we did not learn something. And if we learn from our mistakes, then we can keep advancing and keep moving forward.

Independent Research - Unbiased Analysis

Independent Studies are extremely important. Autodidacticism (autodidactism or self-education) is the act of self-directed learning about a subject or subjects in which someone has had little or no formal education. Many notable contributions have been made by autodidacts. Like, Leonardo da Vinci, Abraham Lincoln, Thomas Edison, The Wright Brothers, Ernest Hemingway, Charles Darwin, Michael Faraday, Benjamin Franklin and Jimi Hendrix, as well as many others. Independent studies provide a way for well-motivated people to pursue a topic of interest that does not necessarily fit into a traditional hobby, activity or academic curriculum. Independent studies also provide students and people with opportunities to explore their interests deeper and make important decisions about how and where they will direct their talents in the future. Research includes the formulation of questions and answers, with the goal to develop and present a product or service. The research may also be used to advance further research into a particular subject that will be performed by other people. So don't ever under estimate the value of research. Just because it seems that nothing will come from your particular research, does not mean that it will not have some value in the future. As proven throughout history with many scientific discoveries and research.

I work outside academia, but I do listen to the people working inside academia. I would not see it as inside information, its more like inside information looking out and outside information looking in, and I'm in the middle where the middle information is looking everywhere in all directions.

You could easily teach yourself from this information and knowledge, but it will be even easier to learn from this website when all the data is designed into logically ordered lessons so that you can learn the right things at the right time.

Note: When the lessons are being created, some of the comments and personal notes within the research will not be included using the exact same words or the exact same language. The goal of education is to teach, and not just to preach.

I'm fully aware that I'm working on something that 99% of the people on this planet can't understand, which is not bad, because that means that over 70 million people on this planet should know enough to understand this project. Though knowledge and information has been here since our beginning, knowledge is mostly abstract, and most people don't fully understand what knowledge and information really means. People understand the benefits of a good education, but people have no idea what a good education is supposed to be. So no matter where I start this conversation, I know I must start off with questions that can reveal how much knowledge a person has, then I could use that information to communicate with that person. You have to know the language a person speaks. You can either learn their language, or, you can teach them your language. But I know that it will be a lot easier to learn your language first before I can even begin to teach you the language of knowledge and information.

Learning is like Climbing a Mountain, you can't see the top of this mountain, all you know is that the higher you climb, the more you can see, and the more you see, the more you will know, and the more you know, the more you will see. The more you learn and the higher you climb, the more your view becomes breathtaking and awe-inspiring, way beyond an epiphany, or enlightenment, or a great awakening. You have to experience it yourself. It's like when you climb a mountain and you try to describe what you saw and experienced. The only way to truly see what a person saw, is for you to climb that mountain. And the mountain is a metaphor for all the knowledge and information that you can acquire, which a majority of is organized on BK101. The majority of what you need to know is here, the rest we still need to learn. So continually learning can get you high the mountain and open your eyes, but what you see depends on how much you learned on the way up. And those differences in what each of us learns and sees, is where our combined learning journey begins to flourish. But remember, there will be times that we need to go back down the mountain and see where on the trail that particular information was skewed or misinterpreted. Then we climb the mountain again, except this time, our ascension is a lot faster and a lot easier, which is the power of knowledge and learning at its finest. Learning everything on BK101 is just a beginning of a transformation. And it's not something that will happen over night, it may take a few years, but it will happen. Steps.

"If I cannot do great things, I can do small things in a great way." — Martin Luther King Jr.

BK101 Responsibilities - Basic Outline

Phase One: Collect valuable knowledge and information and organize it. (2008-2021) - Timeline.
Phase Two: Edit and update organized knowledge and information, while still working in phase one. (2015-2021)
Phase Three: Start linking knowledge and information, while still working in phase one and two. (2015-2021)
Phase Four: Start assembling knowledge and information and prepare knowledge and information for mobilization. (2021)
Phase Five: Build the Education Software, Operating System and Artificial Intelligent Teaching Avatar.
Phase Six: Build the Hardware for the HOPE PC.
Phase Seven: Distribution and Field Testing.
Phase Eight: Setup Maintenance and Support.
Phase Nine: Continue Research and Development.

1: Continue collecting valuable knowledge and information and organizing everything into a education database.
2: Build computerized lessons that will teach people how to read and write.
3: Build computerized lessons that will teach people how to comprehend what they read. The computerized lessons will teach people how to read using the most valuable words in their chosen language, words that would give a person a better understanding of themselves and the world around them. Then make sure that all people have access to the worlds most valuable knowledge and information throughout their life, so that they continue to increase their intelligence and skills as long as they need to.
4: Expand computerized lessons to cover all important subjects.
5: Convert all Wikipedia links in BK101 into PDF's. Could easily put 100,000 of the best wiki pages on a single jump drive.
6: Continue to work on creating the most advanced laptop computer that would become the ultimate education learning tool.
7: Continue the research on how to make education to be the highest quality, and to be the most effective and efficient as possible.
8: Create the ultimate Question and Answer website on the Internet. The database for this project could also be used to give robots an operating system that would mimic Artificial Intelligence.
9: Live, Learn, Love and Progress.

The speed of this project will increase significantly as more people get involved, but for now, I still have to live life in balance, which luckily is part of the research. I have my research, but I also have other responsibilities, like maintaining my physical and mental health, I have to sleep, eat, exercise and pay bills. I have another life, one that is different, and sometimes normal. 

"Remember, I haven't thought of everything, or do I know everything, and I am certainly not prepared for all the different scenarios that life can throw at you from time to time. What I do know is that this project is extremely important to me and to this world. So my commitment to this project is for the rest of life."

How did I get Here

I got lucky. I was in the right place at the right time asking questions. Then from there it was just a matter of working on the idea. And of course, getting the support and resources that I needed to chase my dream, which is pretty much the same for all inventors. There's only a handful of people on this planet who could have done what I have done in the same way that I did it. I was incredibly effective and efficient in collecting the most valuable knowledge and Information that was currently available. I knew the internet, I knew where to look for information, I knew the right questions to ask, and I knew how to document and record and I knew how to organizing and categorize. And then I taught myself website development so that I could disseminate everything using the internet. I was made for this particular job. But it wasn't always perfect, I made a lot of mistakes, but I did not let my mistakes slow me down or distract me. I kept going. Because I knew what I was doing was right thing to do, and no doubt, it was the most important thing in my life. I knew this was it, this is what I would do for the rest of my life.

My Priorities

I'm doing several things at once, researching education improvements, organizing knowledge and information, I'm writing a lot, I'm reading a lot, updating websites, learning, thinking, living, sleeping, eating, exercising, and, doing things for other people. So I have my priorities, and I have my responsibilities. But most people don't know what my priorities are, or do they understand my priorities the same way that I do. People see certain details of my life inaccurately. They only see what is important to them. But they don't understand what is important to me, or what is important to the world that we all live in. My First priority is to create a complete high quality education curriculum along with a knowledge and information resource that can be easily distributed effectively and efficiently, and also be affordable to everyone. So everything else in my life comes second, not to say that those other priorities in my life are not important, because they are, it's just that the main priority is so much more important. At times some of the planning and the managing of this goal seems illogical and ineffective, but at other times, the planning looks more like pure genius, as if the struggles of my life are in perfect balance that allows me to continue my research without any distractions, or without any corrupt influences from the ignorance that I am trying to overcome. Most people know that ignorance is poisoning the minds of almost every person on the planet. Our ignorance is killing life on earth, and killing our planets ability to sustain life. Being able to see is one thing, fully understanding what you see is another. We have learned from history that a lot ideas start out messy. New ideas seldom look perfect in the beginning, even when they are just old ideas being reintroduced. But you still have to define which parts look questionable to you. What parts do you think are right? What parts do you think are wrong? If something doesn't look right, then you should bring it to the attention of others, and then explain why you think something is right or wrong. You just can't give yourself excuses not to learn without the reasons why, because if you do, the only thing that you prove is that you are confused. And the only thing that relieves confusion is answers, answers to the questions that you need to ask. So, are you asking the right questions?

Trust No One (words have no truth without knowledge)

I'm Just Getting Started - Instructions from the Curator

Even though I have collected an enormous amount of knowledge and information so far, as of 2021, I'm still finding a lot more valuable knowledge and information. The Internet is like an endless gold mine of knowledge and information. The more you dig, the more knowledge you find, and the wealthier you become. Sometimes it's hard to stop learning. But the Internet has Flaws.

I don't just want to give you a computer, I want to give you the ability to make your own computer and know how it works, and know how to repair it yourself.

Our most powerful ability is our ability to learn, yet we take learning for granted, and we pay little attention to how important learning is.

What I'm doing is not unusual, it's just the particular way that I'm doing it that's unusual.

I'm the author, the co-author and the curator. Passing the Baton and Paying it Forward.

I inherited a world full of problems. But luckily I have been learning the skills and acquiring knowledge that is needed to solve these problems. What I need is to have clear lines of authority and have the resources available that are needed to do my job effectively. I also need to speak the truth and be on the level with the public so people are fully aware of our current state of affairs as they really are. I'm continue to do the work that is necessary.

You can say that I did it my way, but not really. I just did it. And why make the research available before it's complete? Because if I die, at least I know the research will live on and continue. And why don't I have more people involved? Finding others who understand, or care about what you're doing, is extremely difficult, especially when you haven't completed all the research just yet, especially the words that would help to explain the goal more clearly. But when that happens, more people will be able to understand, and more people will want to be involved. The speed I'm going now is as fast as I can go, because I still have a lot to learn, and I still have a lot of my own ignorance to repair. But people will learn a lot faster then me, and also learn more effectively then me because they will start with a much better education than anyone has had before, thus, they will not have to waste so much time repairing their own ignorance, or have to suffer from it. People will start their lives knowing, instead of not knowing.

"Remember why you started, remember why you're here, keep learning, don't second guess yourself, just stay aware and keep searching for more understanding."

"I'm doing nothing unusual. Humans have been asking questions since the beginning. It's just that now with the internet and our collective intelligence, we can finally now get some answers and learn more then ever before.

"I try to do positive things everyday so that my future self will will be incredibly thankful for all the things that I've done, instead of making people suffer from all the bad choices that I made."

My Legacy - My Destiny

Everybody has to do something, and this is my something, my destiny, my life's mission, my purpose, my inspiration. People devoting their life to a cause is nothing new. Many people throughout history have given their lives for a cause, and many more will continue to give their lives in the future, it's human nature. Everyone has to do something. And every person needs to focus and devote most of their time to a particular project or type of work. That is why people working together is so extremely important. When someone is focused on a particular type of work, they must rely on other people who are also focusing on their particular type of work. Because no one can do it all by themselves, but when we work together, we can do it all. Even though we can't do everything, you can at least be good and be good at whatever you do. You have to start somewhere. Everyone has a role to play, everyone has an important job to do, and everyone must work together, because everyone can't do the same type of work. Every person must play their part, and at the same time, be part of the whole.

I found my calling. I do what I love and I love what I do. I'm making time and continually learning.

Legacy is a gift of personal property by will, something that is handed down, endowed or conveyed from one person to another, sometimes from an ancestor. It is something descendible one comes into possession of that is transmitted, inherited or received from a predecessor from one period of time to another period of time.

Everyone is a beneficiary of my digital assets. Everyone will inherit a tremendous wealth of knowledge. Digital Inheritance.

Historical is having once lived, existed or taken place in the real world. Relating to the study of history and what is important in history or famous in the past. The study of a phenomenon such as language as it changes through time.

I'm not only collecting knowledge and organizing knowledge, I'm also documenting some historical observations, because this time period will go down in history as one of the most significant moments in human civilization, and most people living it today, are not even aware of how significant they really are.

When something important needs to be done, sometimes you have to do it yourself, mostly because hoping that things will improve on there own or hoping that someone else will do it, is sometimes not an option. You have to act, you have to do it, you have to start it, because no one else will. Activism.

For every minute spent in organizing, an hour is earned.” - Benjamin Franklin - (saving time)

Sometimes the most perfect person for the job is not the most perfect person, but for that particular job, they are perfect. Sometimes we perceive imperfections as hindrances, when in fact they are a perfect ability under some unique circumstances.

"Doing ordinary things in extraordinary ways."

"When something is important enough, you do it, even if the odds are against you" - Elon Musk (wiki)

Knowledge Base Definitions

Knowledge Base is a technology used to store complex structured and unstructured information used by people or by a computer system including artificial intelligence.

Body of Knowledge is the complete set of concepts, terms and activities that make up a professional domain, as defined by the relevant Learned Society or professional association. It is a type of knowledge representation by any knowledge organization. Structured knowledge that is used by members of a discipline to guide their practice or work. The prescribed aggregation of knowledge in a particular area an individual is expected to have mastered to be considered or certified as a practitioner. The systematic collection of activities and outcomes in terms of their values, constructs, models, principles and instantiations, which (a) arises from continuous discovery and validation work by members of the profession and (b) enables self-reflective growth and reproduction of the profession. A set of accepted and agreed upon standards and nomenclatures pertaining to a field or profession. A set of knowledge within a profession or subject area which is generally agreed as both essential and generally known. A body of knowledge is the accepted ontology for a specific domain. A BOK is more than simply a collection of terms; a professional reading list; a library; a website or a collection of websites; a description of professional functions; or even a collection of information.

Knowledge Preservation - Collective Knowledge - Library Science - Knowledge Management

Ontology in computing is a rigorous and exhaustive organization of some knowledge domain that is usually hierarchical and contains all the relevant entities and their relations. Metaphysics.

Athenaeum is a literary or scientific association for the promotion of learning. An association for the advancement of learning, particularly in science or literature. A place where reading materials are available. Athenaeum is used in the names of libraries or institutions for literary or scientific study, and used in the titles of periodicals concerned with literature, science, and art.

Domain is the content of a particular field of knowledge. People in general; especially a distinctive group of people with some shared interest. A particular environment or walk of life. Territory over which rule or control is exercised. Domain in mathematics is the set of values of the independent variable for which a function is defined. Biology Domain.

Figurative System of Human Knowledge was a tree developed to represent the structure of knowledge itself, produced for the Encyclopédie by Jean le Rond d'Alembert and Denis Diderot.

Living Document is a document that is continually edited and evolves through successive updates. The document expands as needed over time to serve multiple purposes. Living documents can be changed through revisions that may or may not reference previous iterative changes.

Encyclopedia is a reference work often in several volumes containing articles on various topics often arranged in alphabetical order dealing with the entire range of human knowledge or with some particular specialty. Dictionaries.

Court Case Decisions - Instruction Manual - Human Instruction Manual - A Never Ending Story

Reference Book is a book to which one can refer for information. The information is intended to be found quickly when needed. Reference works are usually referred to for particular pieces of information, rather than read beginning to end. The writing style used in these works is informative; the authors avoid use of the first person, and emphasize facts.

Reference is a short note recognizing a source of information or of a quoted passage. A book to which you can refer for authoritative facts. The most direct or specific meaning of a word or expression; the class of objects that an expression refers to. A remark that calls attention to something or someone. An indicator that orients you generally. A reference can also mean a formal recommendation by a former employer to a potential future employer describing the person's qualifications and dependability. Refer - Precedent.

Reference Point or frame of reference is a system of geometric axes in relation to which measurements of size, position, or motion can be made. Reference point as a geometrical point is used to define the location of another point. Reference point is a point within a reference range or reference interval, which is a range of values found in healthy persons. Reference point is a measurement taken during a standard state or reference state, used in chemistry to calculate properties under different conditions.

Cross Reference is a reference to another text or part of a text, typically given in order to elaborate on a point. A reference at one place in a work to information at another place in the same work. An instance within a document which refers to related information elsewhere in the same document. In both printed and online dictionaries cross-references are important because they form a network structure of relations existing between different parts of data, dictionary-internal as well as dictionary external.

Reference Work is a work such as a book or periodical or its electronic equivalent to which one can refer for information. The information is intended to be found quickly when needed. Reference works are usually referred to for particular pieces of information, rather than read beginning to end. The writing style used in these works is informative; the authors avoid use of the first person, and emphasize facts. Many reference works are compiled by a team of contributors whose work is coordinated by one or more editors rather than by an individual author. Indices are commonly provided in many types of reference work. Updated editions are usually published as needed, in some cases annually (e.g. Whitaker's Almanack, Who's Who). Reference works include dictionaries, encyclopedias, almanacs, atlases, bibliographies, biographical sources, catalogs such as library catalogs and art catalogs, concordances, directories such as business directories and telephone directories, discographies, filmographies, glossaries, handbooks, indices such as bibliographic indices and citation indices, manuals, research guides, thesauruses, and yearbooks. Many reference works are available in electronic form and can be obtained as reference software, CD-ROMs, DVDs, or online through the Internet. A reference work is useful to its users if they attribute some degree of trust.

Index in publishing is a list of words or phrases ('headings') and associated pointers ('locators') to where useful material relating to that heading can be found in a document or collection of documents. Web Indexing.

Web of Knowledge - Time Saver - Summary - Representation

Resource is a source of aid or support or reserve supply that may be drawn upon when needed. The ability to deal resourcefully with unusual problems. Provide with or obtain resources. An available source of wealth.

Resourcefulness is the quality of being able to cope with a difficult situation.

is the place where something begins, where it springs into being. A document or organization from which information is obtained. Anything that provides inspiration for later work. A facility where something is available. A publication or a passage from a publication that is referred to. A person who supplies information. Someone who originates or causes or initiates something. Source in technology is a process by which energy or a substance enters a system.

Guide is to accompany somebody somewhere to show them the way or determine the direction of traveling. Someone who shows the way by leading or advising. Something that offers basic information or instruction. A model, standard or outline to follow or adapt. Someone who can find paths through unexplored territory. A structure or marking that serves to direct the motion or positioning of something. Teaching - Testing.

Knowledge-Based System consists of a knowledge-base that represents facts about the world and an inference engine that can reason about those facts and use rules and other forms of logic to deduce new facts or highlight inconsistencies. A technology used to store complex structured and unstructured information used by any person or computer system.

Inference Engine is a tool from Artificial Intelligence. The first inference engines were components of expert systems. The typical expert system consisted of a knowledge base and an inference engine. The knowledge base stored facts about the world. The inference engine applied logical rules to the knowledge base and deduced new knowledge. This process would iterate as each new fact in the knowledge base could trigger additional rules in the inference engine. Inference engines work primarily in one of two modes either special rule or facts: forward chaining and backward chaining. Forward chaining starts with the known facts and asserts new facts. Backward chaining starts with goals, and works backward to determine what facts must be asserted so that the goals can be achieved.

Expert System is a computer system that emulates the decision-making ability of a human expert. Expert systems are designed to solve complex problems by reasoning about knowledge, represented primarily as if–then rules rather than through conventional procedural code.

Corpus is a collection of written texts, especially the entire works of a particular author or a body of writing on a particular subject.

Text Corpus is a language resource consisting of a large and structured set of texts (nowadays usually electronically stored and processed). In corpus linguistics, they are used to do statistical analysis and hypothesis testing, checking occurrences or validating linguistic rules within a specific language territory. A corpus may contain texts in a single language (monolingual corpus) or text data in multiple languages (multilingual corpus). In order to make the corpora more useful for doing linguistic research, they are often subjected to a process known as annotation. An example of annotating a corpus is part-of-speech tagging, or POS-tagging, in which information about each word's part of speech (verb, noun, adjective, etc.) is added to the corpus in the form of tags. Another example is indicating the lemma (base) form of each word. When the language of the corpus is not a working language of the researchers who use it, interlinear glossing is used to make the annotation bilingual.

Corpus Linguistics is the study of language as a language is expressed in its text corpus (plural corpora), its body of "real world" text. Corpus linguistics proposes that reliable language analysis is more feasible with corpora collected in the field in its natural context ("realia"), and with minimal experimental interference.

Information Commons is an information system, such as a physical library or online community, that exists to produce, conserve, and preserve information for current and future generations.

Public Domain is a place of sanctuary for individual creative expression, a sanctuary conferring affirmative protection against the forces of private appropriation that threatened such expression.

Creative Commons is available for others to build upon legally and to share

Open Education practices and programmatic initiatives that broaden access to the learning and training traditionally offered through formal education systems.

Open Governance is collective wisdom to benefit the decision-making process and improve democracy. Enable any interested citizen to add to the creation of policy.

BK101 Name (Base Knowledge) - About BK101 - Question & Answers

Welcome to Basic Knowledge 101: A Collective Intelligent Consensus of Knowledge for the 21st Century.

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Collecting knowledge is nothing new, humans have been doing it for 100s of years, they're called books. But now in the digital age we can greatly expand on our version of the book. So instead of just telling a short story, we can tell the whole story. And not just give one version of a story, but give almost every version of the story. So the listener will not just walk away with memories of a story, but will walk away with a never ending story that gives them a better understanding of themselves and the world around them.

If you say that something is only part of the story or is not the whole story, you mean that the explanation or information given is not enough for a situation to be fully understood.

"I'm just one of the editors. I'm not the creator or the architect, I'm just very good at what I do, collecting and organizing valuable knowledge. Not to say that I'm an expert, because I'm still learning and still making improvements. So the best is yet to come."

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The Thinker Man