Crimes - Crime Stats - Murder - Guns - Violence - Victim Services

Police Car Lights Photo Crime is an unlawful act that is punishable by a state or other authority. Something is a crime if it is declared as such by the relevant and applicable law. A crime is a harmful act that effects more than just the victims, a crime can have devastating effects on families and the community.

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Domestic - Abuse - Victims - Complaints - Laws - Prison - Murder - Guns - Weapons

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A Public Wrong - Sins - Premeditated - Violence - Bullying - Threating - Intent

Investigations - Crime Prevention - Defense - Crime Stats - Corporate Crime

If we were to list crimes by the amount of damage that a particular crime does to society, we would be able to have a better understanding about which crimes we need to stop first. And one of the first crimes that we need to fix is the crime of not educating people enough. The criminals in politics say they want law and order, but not for them. They say they want to be tough on crime, but only when they can arrest people they don't like.

Most Sinful Cities in America. 37 key indicators of vices and illicit behavior. Anger and Hatred, Vanity, Lust, Greed, Laziness, Vices, Jealousy.

Criminology is the scientific study of the nature, extent, management, causes, control, consequences, and prevention of criminal behavior, both on the individual and social levels. Criminology is an interdisciplinary field in both the behavioral and social sciences, drawing especially upon the research of sociologists, psychologists, psychiatrists, social anthropologists, as well as scholars of law. Why are police blotters, arrest logs and criminal activity reports not being posted and made public?

Deterrence is the idea or theory that the threat of punishment will deter people from committing crime and reduce the probability and/or level of offending in society. It is one of five objectives that punishment is thought to achieve; the other four objectives are denunciation, incapacitation (for the protection of society), retribution and rehabilitation. Criminal deterrence theory has two possible applications: the first is that punishments imposed on individual offenders will deter or prevent that particular offender from committing further crimes; the second is that, public knowledge that certain offences will be punished has a generalized deterrent effect which prevents others from committing crimes. Two different aspects of punishment may have an impact on deterrence, the first being the certainty of punishment, by increasing the likelihood of apprehension and punishment, this may have a deterrent effect. The second relates to the severity of punishment; how severe the punishment is for a particular crime may influence behavior if the potential offender concludes that the punishment is so severe, it is not worth the risk of getting caught. An underlying principle of deterrence is that it is utilitarian or forward-looking. As with rehabilitation, it is designed to change behavior in the future rather than simply provide retribution or punishment for current or past behavior. Nuclear Deterrence Theory.

Deter is to try to prevent something bad. To show opposition to something bad. Persuade someone to turn away from something bad. Intervene.

Deterrence Theory refers to scholarship and practice on how threats or limited force by one party can convince another party to refrain from initiating some course of action. Deterrence is widely defined as any use of threats (implicit or explicit) or limited force intended to dissuade an actor from taking an action (i.e. maintain the status quo). The police deter crime when they do things that strengthen a criminal's perception of the certainty of being caught. Deter would-be criminals by using scientific evidence about human behavior and perceptions about the costs, risks and rewards of crime. Criminal Justice Reform.

The only sure way to deter people from committing crimes is to improve education and improve social services, which is two things that most republicans refuse to do. Threat of punishment does not always work or work well, especially with corruption. People avoid committing crimes because most people are a good people and most people also realize that criminal behavior is wrong and offers very little benefit. So the threat of punishment is not the only reason why most people do not commit crimes. This is more than just rational choice theory, it's more about human nature and having knowledge of right and wrong behavior. Drug War was a Failure.

Fear is not a good teaching method. There are better methods that can be used to help someone to be aware of danger without using scare tactics.

Crime Prevention is the attempt to reduce crime and determine crimes and criminals by defining priorities for, and support research on, the causes, consequences, costs and prevention of violence, and increase collaboration and exchange of information on violence prevention.

Predictive Policing are techniques in law enforcement to identify potential criminal activity. With a dumbed down education system and a dumbed down media you can easily predict that crimes will continue and criminals will always be plentiful.

Problem-Solving Courts in the United States address's the underlying problems that contribute to criminal behavior and are a current trend in the legal system of the United States. In 1989, a judge in Miami began to take a hands-on approach to drug addicts, ordering them into treatment, rather than perpetuating the revolving door of court and prison. The result was creation of drug court, a diversion program which offers education aimed at preventing future offenses by the offender. That same concept began to be applied to difficult situations where legal, social and human problems mesh. There were over 2,800 problem-solving courts in 2008, intended to provide a method of resolving the problem in order to reduce recidivism.

Someone who commits a crime is not necessarily a criminal. Criminal is someone who keeps committing crimes when they know that they are committing crimes and they also know that they are hurting people or killing people and hurting the environment or destroying the environment. A criminal knows that they're a scumbag, but for some illogical reason, they don't care that people know they are a scumbag. This is more than just being in denial, it's more of an ignorance induced delusion. That's a criminal. But criminals are not broken people, they just need more knowledge and information. No one in their right mind would ever consider doing something criminal in order to solve a problem. So what is a right mind?

Criminal is someone who has committed a crime or has been legally convicted of a crime. Someone who has been found guilty of a crime or a serious offense. A person whose actions deserve severe rebuke or censure. Someone involved in crimes or having the nature of a crime. Intention.

Perpetrator is someone who perpetrates wrongdoing or performs a negative action.

Convict is a person found guilty of a crime and sentenced by a court or a person serving a sentence in prison. Convicts are often also known as "prisoners" or "inmates" or by the slang term "con", while a common label for former convicts, especially those recently released from prison, is "ex-con" ("ex-convict"). Persons convicted and sentenced to non-custodial sentences tend not to be described as "convicts". The legal label of "ex-convict" usually has lifelong implications, such as social stigma and/or reduced opportunities for employment. The federal government of Australia, for instance, will not, in general, employ an ex-convict, while some state and territory governments may limit the time for or before which a former convict may be employed. Victim.

Misdemeanor is a minor wrongdoing or any "lesser" criminal act in some common law legal systems. Misdemeanors are generally punished less severely than felonies, but theoretically more so than administrative infractions (also known as minor, petty, or summary offences or regulatory offences). Many misdemeanors are punished with monetary fines. These include criminal citations. Any crime punishable by more than six months imprisonment must have some means for a jury trial.

Offense is an act that is punishable by law and is usually considered an evil act that wounds the feelings of others. Offense is a lack of politeness and a failure to show regard for others. The action of attacking an enemy.

Regulatory Offence are used to deter potential offenders from dangerous behavior rather than to impose punishment for moral wrongdoing. An absolute liability offence is a type of criminal offence that does not require any fault elements (mens rea) to be proved in order to establish guilt. The prosecution only needs to show that the accused performed the prohibited act (actus reus). As such, absolute liability offences do not allow for a defence of mistake of fact. Due to the ease with which the offence can be proven, only select offences are of this type. In most legal systems, absolute liability offences must be clearly labeled as such in the criminal code or criminal legislation.

Summary Offence or Infraction can be proceeded against summarily, without the right to a jury trial and/or indictment (required for an indictable offence).

Indictable Offence is an offence which can only be tried on an indictment after a preliminary hearing to determine whether there is a prima facie case to answer or by a grand jury (in contrast to a summary offence). In the United States, a crime of similar severity and rules is called a felony, which also requires an indictment, which is is a formal accusation that a person has committed a crime. Classes of Offenses under United States Federal Law (wiki).

Infraction is a crime less serious than a felony.

Civil Infraction is violation of the law less serious than a misdemeanor, and which usually does not attach certain individual rights such as a jury trial. Negligence.

Felony is a serious crime, such as murder, arson, perjury, violence, rape, or fraud, to name a few. A serious crime that involves confiscation of a convicted person's land and goods. Less than a misdemeanor.

Guns - Violence - Intentional - Self Defense

Violation is a crime less serious than a felony. An act that disregards an agreement or a right. the action of violating someone or something. The crime of forcing a woman to submit to sexual intercourse against her will. Entry to another's property without right or permission. Violation of law is any act or failure to act that fails to abide by existing law. Violations generally include both crimes and civil wrongs. Some acts, such as fraud, can violate both civil and criminal laws. In law, a wrong can be a legal injury, which is any damage resulting from a violation of a legal right. A legal wrong can also imply the state of being contrary to the principles of justice or law. It means that something is contrary to conscience or morality and results in treating others unjustly. If the loss caused by a wrong is minor enough, there is no compensation, which principle is known as de minimis non curat lex. Otherwise, damages apply.

Federal Crimes are offenses that specifically violate U.S. federal laws. Federal offenses are prosecuted by government agencies such as the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) and can oftentimes carry penalties that are far more severe than those levied by state courts. In the United States a federal crime is an act that is made illegal by U.S. federal legislation. Prosecution happens at both the federal and the state levels. But based on the dual sovereignty doctrine and so a "federal crime" is one that is prosecuted under federal criminal law and not under state criminal law under which most of the crimes committed in the United States are prosecuted. Bylaws.

Organized Crime - White Collar Crime - Blue Collar Crime - Inside Job

Title 18 is the main criminal code of the federal government of the United States. The Title deals with federal crimes and criminal procedure. In its coverage, Title 18 is similar to most U.S. state criminal codes, which typically are referred to by such names as Penal Code, Criminal Code, or Crimes Code. Typical of state criminal codes is the California Penal Code. Many U.S. state criminal codes, unlike the federal Title 18, are based on the Model Penal Code promulgated by the American Law Institute

Exceptional Clearances is when certain elements prevent the agency from arresting and formally charging the offender. When this occurs, the agency can clear the offense exceptionally. Law enforcement agencies must meet the following four conditions in order to clear an offense by exceptional means. The agency must have: Identified the offender. Gathered enough evidence to support an arrest, make a charge. Identified the offender’s exact location so that the suspect could be taken into custody immediately and turn over the offender to the court for prosecution. Examples of exceptional clearances include, but are not limited to, the death of the offender (e.g., suicide or justifiably killed by police or citizen); the victim’s refusal to cooperate with the prosecution after the offender has been identified; or the denial of extradition because the offender committed a crime in another jurisdiction and is being prosecuted for that offense. Sometimes police have exhausted all leads and have done everything possible in order to clear a case. If agencies can answer all of the following questions in the affirmative, they can clear the offense exceptionally for the purpose of reporting. Has the investigation definitely established the identity of the offender? Is there enough information to support an arrest, charge, and turning over to the court for prosecution? Is the exact location of the offender known so that the subject could be taken into custody now? Is there some reason outside law enforcement control that precludes arresting, charging, and prosecuting the offender? Then what are the verifiable reasons that have been given and documented? Rape.

FBI Most Wanted - Ten Most Wanted Fugitives.

Red Notice is a request to law enforcement worldwide to locate and provisionally arrest a person pending extradition, surrender, or similar legal action. It contains two main types of information: Information related to the crime they are wanted for, which can typically be murder, rape, child abuse or armed robbery. Interpol Notice is an international alert circulated by Interpol to communicate information about crimes, criminals, and threats by police in a member state (or an authorized international entity) to their counterparts around the world. The information disseminated via notices concerns individuals wanted for serious crimes, missing persons, unidentified bodies, possible threats, prison escapes, and criminals' modus operandi.
There are eight types of notices, seven of which are colour-coded by their function: red, blue, green, yellow, black, orange, and purple. The best-known notice is the red notice which is the "closest instrument to an international arrest warrant in use today". An eighth special notice is issued at the request of the United Nations Security Council.

Complaint - Charge

Criminal Charge is a formal accusation made by a governmental authority asserting that somebody has committed a crime. A charging document, which contains one or more criminal charges or counts, can take several forms, including: Complaint, information, indictment, citation or traffic ticket. The charging document is what generally starts a criminal case in court. But the procedure by which somebody is charged with a crime and what happens when somebody has been charged varies from country to country and even, within a country, from state to state. Before a person is proven guilty, the charge must be proven beyond a reasonable doubt.

Counts is each separate charge in a criminal action. Each separate statement in a complaint states a cause of action that stands alone and would give rise to a lawsuit. In a criminal case, each count would be a statement of a different alleged crime.

Information formal criminal charge is a formal criminal charge which begins a criminal proceeding in the courts. The information is one of the oldest common law pleadings (first appearing around the 13th century), and is nearly as old as the better-known indictment, with which it has always coexisted.

Criminal Complaint. A criminal case usually gets started with a police arrest report. The prosecutor then decides what criminal charges to file, if any. Some cases can then go to a grand jury for a criminal indictment or to a preliminary hearing, where a judge decides if there is enough evidence to proceed. The prosecutor will typically either: determine that the case should be charged (as a felony or a misdemeanor), and file a “complaint” (the charging document may go by a different name) with the court decide that the case would be a felony and should go to a grand jury, which will decide what charges, if any, to file, or decide not to pursue the case. An arrest, by itself, doesn’t begin formal criminal proceedings. Rather, the filing of a document in court is required. In most instances in state court, the document of choice is a “complaint.” Complaints can be either civil or criminal. Civil complaints initiate lawsuits, typically between private parties or a private party and the government. Criminal complaints, on the other hand, almost always involve the government alone. (Some states technically allow citizens to file criminal complaints, but the practice is quite rare.) A state prosecution usually begins after a police officer arrests someone and presents the case to the prosecution. The latter then files a complaint, which charges the defendant with the relevant crime(s). So begins the legal process. A complaint typically lists: the defendant, the date of the alleged offenses, the alleged offenses (including the relevant statutes, and whether the violations are misdemeanors or felonies), and some kind of description of the alleged facts underlying those offenses. Activism.

Complaint is any formal legal document that sets out the facts and legal reasons (see: cause of action) that the filing party or parties (the plaintiff(s)) believes are sufficient to support a claim against the party or parties against whom the claim is brought (the defendant(s)) that entitles the plaintiff(s) to a remedy (either money damages or injunctive relief). For example, the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure (FRCP) that govern civil litigation in United States courts provide that a civil action is commenced with the filing or service of a pleading called a complaint. Civil court rules in states that have incorporated the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure use the same term for the same pleading. In some jurisdictions, specific types of criminal cases may also be commenced by the filing of a complaint, also sometimes called a criminal complaint or felony complaint. All criminal cases are prosecuted in the name of the governmental authority that promulgates criminal statutes and enforces the police power of the state with the goal of seeking criminal sanctions, such as the State (also sometimes called the People) or Crown (in Commonwealth realms). In the United States, the complaint is often associated with misdemeanor criminal charges presented by the prosecutor without the grand jury process. In most U.S. jurisdictions, the charging instrument presented to and authorized by a grand jury is referred to as an indictment.

Complaint is an expression of grievance or resentment. Complaint in criminal law is a pleading describing some wrong or offense. Complaining.

Complaint System is a set of procedures used in organizations to address complaints and resolve disputes. Complaint systems in the US have undergone several innovations especially since about 1970 with the advent of extensive workplace regulation. Notably in many countries, conflict management channels and systems have evolved from a major focus on labor-management relations to a much wider purview that includes unionized workers and also managers, non-union employees, professional staff, students, trainees, vendors, donors, customers, etc..

Grievance is a wrong or hardship suffered, real or supposed, which forms legitimate grounds of complaint. In the past, the word meant the infliction or cause of hardship. Grievance is an allegation that something imposes an illegal obligation or denies some legal right or causes injustice. A complaint about a wrong that causes resentment and is grounds for action and justice. remedy.

Whistleblowers (if you see something, then say something) - Right to Petition - Misconduct of Judges and Lawyers (complaints)

Disturbing the Peace

Disorderly Conduct is when a person who recklessly, knowingly, or intentionally engages in fighting or in disruptive conduct; Makes unreasonable noise and continues to do so after being asked to stop; or disrupts a lawful assembly of persons.

Altercation is a noisy argument or disagreement, especially in public. A physical altercation is generally a confrontation, tussle or physical aggression that may or may not result in injury. Physical altercations are distinguished from verbal altercations by the use of physical force or contact. It may also be referred to as bullying, fighting, or battery.

Disturbing the Peace or Breach of the Peace is disturbing others by loud and unreasonable noise, including loud music or using profanity loudly. Peace.

Nuisance is something or someone that causes annoyance, inconvenience, or makes life more difficult. Nuisance in law is a broad legal concept including anything that disturbs the reasonable use of your property or endangers life and health or is offensive. Nuisance is a common law tort. It means that which causes offence, annoyance, trouble or injury. An act not warranted by law, or an omission to discharge a legal duty, which act or omission obstructs or causes inconvenience or damage to the public in the exercise of rights common to all Her Majesty's subjects. Legally, the term nuisance is traditionally used in three ways: To describe an activity or condition that is harmful or annoying to others (e.g., indecent conduct, a rubbish heap or a smoking chimney) to describe the harm caused by the before-mentioned activity or condition (e.g., loud noises or objectionable odors) to describe a legal liability that arises from the combination of the two. However, the "interference" was not the result of a neighbor stealing land or trespassing on the land. Instead, it arose from activities taking place on another person's land that affected the enjoyment of that land. The law of nuisance was created to stop such bothersome activities or conduct when they unreasonably interfered either with the rights of other private landowners (i.e., private nuisance) or with the rights of the general public (i.e., public nuisance). A public nuisance is an unreasonable interference with the public's right to property. It includes conduct that interferes with public health, safety, peace or convenience. The unreasonableness may be evidenced by statute, or by the nature of the act, including how long, and how bad, the effects of the activity may be. Private nuisance arose out of the action on the case and protects a person’s right to the use and enjoyment of their land. It doesn't include trespass. Remedies Under the common law, the only remedy for a nuisance was the payment of damages. However, with the development of the courts of equity, the remedy of an injunction became available to prevent a defendant from repeating the activity that caused the nuisance, and specifying punishment for contempt if the defendant is in breach of such an injunction.

Public Nuisance is loss or damage that is suffered by the public in general, rather than by an individual. It is a public nuisance if it endangers the lives, safety, health, property or comfort of the public or by which the public are obstructed in the exercise or enjoyment of any right common to all.

Property Code Violations - Ordinance - Lawsuits (courts)

Nuisance Abatement is a program that combines civil remedies and innovative problem solving with traditional policing and criminal prosecution to address the quality of life in communities throughout Connecticut.

Annoyance is the psychological state of being irritated or aroused to impatience or anger. Troubled persistently, as with harassment. Something or someone that causes an inconvenience, or makes life more difficult.

Light Pollution can constitute as a Legal Nuisance. The law considers it a “nuisance” for your neighbor to expose you to unreasonable amounts of lights, or noise, smells and smoke. Alert Your Neighbor to the Light Pollution Issue. Send the Neighbor a Demand Letter. Suggest Mediation. File a Lawsuit Based on Nuisance. Light trespass is unwanted light intruding onto a person's property or area of concern. Everyone has the right to peacefully enjoy their home, and it is actionable for someone to interfere with that right. Light pollution is artificial illumination of the night sky, often limiting visibility of faint stars or other celestial objects. Also known as photopollution or luminous pollution. Landscape lights: 50-300 lumens. Path lights: 100-200 lumens. Landscape spotlights: 120 lumens. Lamp posts: 120-180 lumens.

Code Enforcement is the act of enforcing a set of rules, principles, or laws (especially written ones) and ensuring observance of a system of norms or customs. An authority usually enforces a civil code, a set of rules, or a body of laws and compel those subject to their authority to behave in a certain way. Various persons and organizations ensure compliance with the laws and rules including: Building Inspector, an official who is charged with ensuring that construction is in compliance with local codes. Fire Marshal, an official who is both a police officer and a firefighter and enforces a fire code. Health Inspector, an official who is charged with ensuring that restaurants meet local health codes. Police forces are charged with maintaining public order, crime prevention, and enforcing criminal law. Zoning Enforcement Officer is an official who is charged with enforcing the zoning code of a local jurisdiction, such as a municipality or county. Parking enforcement officer, an official who is charged with enforcing street parking regulations.

Trespassing - Intruder - Unlawful Entry

Trespasser is a person who commits the act of trespassing on a property, that is, without the permission of the owner. Being present on land as a trespasser thereto creates liability in the trespasser, so long as the trespass is intentional. At the same time, the status of a visitor as a trespasser (as opposed to an invitee or a licensee) defines the legal rights of the visitor if they are injured due to the negligence of the property owner. Trespasser is someone who intrudes on the privacy or property of another without permission. Self Defense.

Trespass is to enter unlawfully on someone's property. Entry to another's property without right or permission. Break the law. Pass beyond limits or boundaries.

Trespass to Land is committed when an individual or the object of an individual intentionally or negligently enters the land of another without a lawful excuse or permission. This rule may also apply to entry upon public land having restricted access. A court may order payment of damages or an injunction to remedy the tort.

Trespass to Chattels is a tort whereby the infringing party has intentionally (or, in Australia, negligently) interfered with another person's lawful possession of a chattel (movable personal property). The interference can be any physical contact with the chattel in a quantifiable way, or any dispossession of the chattel (whether by taking it, destroying it, or barring the owner's access to it). As opposed to the greater wrong of conversion, trespass to chattels is argued to be actionable per se.

Personal Property is generally considered property that is movable, as opposed to real property or real estate.

Forcible Entry is the unlawful taking of possession of real property by force or threats of force or unlawful entry into or onto another's property, especially when accompanied by force. Evictions.

Home Invasion is an illegal and usually forceful entry to an occupied, private dwelling with intent to commit a violent crime against the occupants, such as robbery, assault, rape, murder, or kidnapping.

No-Knock Warrant is a warrant issued by a judge that allows law enforcement to enter a property without immediate prior notification of the residents, such as by knocking or ringing a doorbell. In most cases, law enforcement will identify themselves just before they forcefully enter the property. It is issued under the belief that any evidence they hope to find can be destroyed during the time that police identify themselves and the time they secure the area, or in the event where there is a large perceived threat to officer safety during the execution of the warrant. Use of no-knock warrants has increased substantially over time. By one estimate, there were 1,500 annually in the early 1980s whereas there were 45,000 in 2010. Amid nationwide protests in response to the police killings of Breonna Taylor and George Floyd, there were extensive calls to end no-knock warrants. Critics argue that no-knock warrants were prone to lead to deadly use of force by police and the deaths of innocent people. No-knock warrants also conflict with the right to self-defense, "stand-your-ground" laws, and Castle Doctrine which explicitly permit the use of deadly force against intruders. Kidnapping.

What To Do If The Police Hand You A Search Warrant. Don't panic: simply ask to see and read the warrant. Cops sometimes lie, but they can't about warrants. Don't bother arguing, just get everything in writing. Record the search on your phone; it's legal to do so. Get as much evidence of what's happening as possible for later. Ask if you're being detained. Don't resist arrest, but just make sure. Call an attorney. Get legal advice. Always have representation on your side, no matter what.

Invasion is to intrude upon, infringe, encroach on, violate. The act of aggressive attack; The act of an army that invades for conquest or plunder. March aggressively into another's territory by military force for the purposes of conquest and occupation. Any entry into an area not previously occupied.

Intrusion is entrance by force or without permission or welcome. Entry to another's property without right or permission. Any entry into an area not previously occupied.

Intruder is a person who intrudes, especially into a building with criminal intent. Someone who intrudes on the privacy or property of another without permission.

Encroachment is the intrusion on a person's territory, rights, etc. Entry to another's property without right or permission.

Structural Encroachment is when a piece of real property hangs from one property over the property line of another landowner's premises.

Burglary or Breaking and Entering is an unlawful entry into a building or other location for the purposes of committing an offence. Usually that offence is theft, but most jurisdictions include others within the ambit of burglary.

Loitering is the act of remaining in a particular public place for a protracted time, without any apparent purpose. In some jurisdictions, the definition of loitering may include indoor littering, and wearing of masks or disguises in public, such as New York.

Land Law is the form of law that deals with the rights to use, alienate, or exclude others from land.

Castle Doctrine is a legal doctrine that designates a person's abode or any legally occupied place – e.g., a vehicle or home – as a place in which that person has protections and immunities permitting one, in certain circumstances, to use force (up to and including deadly force) to defend oneself against an intruder, free from legal prosecution for the consequences of the force used, unless there was better alternatives that a person had the ability and the opportunity to use. The Earth is My Castle.

Intent - Premeditated - On Purpose

Criminal Intent is having intent or the knowledge of a wrongdoing. Intention in criminal law is the subjective purpose or goal that must be proven along with criminal acts.

Negligence - Above the Law - Accessory 

Intention is having knowledge of a wrongdoing before hand or before doing the crime, but doing it anyway. Intention in criminal law is a subjective state of mind that must accompany the acts of certain crimes to constitute a violation. A more formal, generally synonymous legal term is scienter.

Means, Motive, Opportunity - Ulterior Motive - Will Power - Goal

Premeditated is to think out or plan an crime beforehand.

is planning or plotting an action in advance. Premeditation in law is the thought and intention to commit a crime well in advance of the crime, which goes to show criminal intent.

Deliberate is something carefully thought out in advance. Characterized by conscious design or purpose. Deliberate is something thought out in a advance. Deliberate Discussion.

Intent is what a person wanted to happen, something they planned and set out to do. Their deliberate goal.

Scienter is a legal term for intent or knowledge of wrongdoing. An offending party then has knowledge of the "wrongness" of an act or event prior to committing it.

Malice Aforethought is the premeditation of a perpetrator who acts with gross recklessness showing lack of care for human life, commonly referred to as "depraved-heart murder". First-degree or aggravated murder.

Malicious Intent refers to the intent, without just cause or reason, to commit a wrongful act that will result in harm to another. It is the intent to harm or do some evil purpose.

Inchoate Offense is a crime of preparing for a crime or seeking to commit another crime. It is conduct deemed criminal without actual harm being done, provided that the harm that would have occurred is one the law tries to prevent. A person may avoid criminal prosecution if they stopped all actions in furtherance of the crime or conspiracy, such as they tried to stop the crime as it was ongoing, tried to convince the co-conspirators to halt such actions, or reported the crime to the police or other authorities.

Transferred Intent is when the intention to harm one individual inadvertently causes a second person to be hurt instead, the perpetrator is still held responsible. To be held legally responsible under the law, usually the court must demonstrate that the person has criminal intent, that is, that the person knew another would be harmed by his or her actions and wanted this harm to occur. If a murderer intends to kill John, but accidentally kills George instead, the intent is transferred from John to George, and the killer is held to have had criminal intent.

Attempt is when an attempt to commit a crime occurs and a criminal has an intent to commit a crime and takes a substantial step toward completing the crime, but for reasons not intended by the criminal, the final resulting crime does not occur. Attempt to commit a particular crime is a crime, usually considered to be of the same or lesser gravity as the particular crime attempted. Attempt is a type of inchoate crime, a crime that is not fully developed. The crime of attempt has two elements, intent and some conduct toward completion of the crime.

Attempted Murder is the crime of simultaneously preparing to commit an unlawful killing and having a specific intention to cause the death of a human being. Acting deliberately and intentionally or recklessly with extreme disregard for human life, the person attempted to kill someone; and the person did something that was a substantial step toward committing the crime. Mere preparation is not considered a substantial step toward committing a crime.

The Road to Hell is Paved with Good Intentions is a saying that says good intentions can sometimes turn into evil actions that cause unintended consequences. Another meaning of the phrase is that individuals may have the intention to undertake good actions but nevertheless fail to take action, or never realize that the actions they took did more harm than good. Those with good intentions believe that their practices are good for the group, and they justify collateral damage in the belief that they are doing for a greater good, which is just a lame excuse and not an explanation that proves that what you're doing is something good and not something that is bad and wrong. If you don't measure and prove the cause and effects of your actions, then you will never learn from your mistakes and you will never admit that you made a horrible mistake.

No Good Deed Goes Unpunished is a sardonic commentary on the frequency with which acts of kindness backfire on those who offer them. Those who claim to help others are sometimes doomed to suffer as a result of their so called kindness.

Unprovoked is something occurring without motivation or provocation. Provocation is unfriendly behavior that causes anger or resentment.

Murder - Killing

Murder is the unlawful premeditated killing of a human being by a human being. To kill someone intentionally and with premeditation. Murder is the unlawful killing of another human without justification or valid excuse, especially the unlawful killing of another human being with malice aforethought.

First-Degree Murder is the most serious of all homicide offenses. It involves any intentional murder that is willful and premeditated with malice aforethought. Premeditation requires that the defendant planned the murder before it was committed or was “lying in wait” for the victim.

Mass Murder - Murder Statistics - Violence - Intent

Murder in Cold Blood is to purposely, ruthlessly and in an unfeeling manner kill someone without any remorse or pity..

Targeted Killing is defined as a form of assassination which is carried out by governments against their perceived enemies.

Contract Killing is a form of murder or assassination in which one party hires another party to kill a targeted person or persons. It involves an illegal agreement which includes some form of payment, monetary or otherwise. Either party may be a person, group, or organization. Contract killing has been associated with organized crime, government conspiracies, dictatorships, and vendettas.

Assassination is the murder of a prominent or important person. Acts of assassination have been performed since ancient times. A person who carried out an assassination is called an assassin or hitman.

Second Degree Murder is generally defined as intentional murder that lacks premeditation, is intended to only cause bodily harm, and demonstrates an extreme indifference to human life. The exact legal definition of this crime will vary by jurisdiction. Justifiable Homicide.

In 2019, out of 15,449 murders, only 6,544 or 58% were solved. in Los Angeles County, 75% of murder cases involving white victims were solved, but when it came to Black and Hispanic victims, those numbers were 23% and 36%, respectively. LAPD solved 67% of murders involving white victims, and 43% for both Black and Hispanic victims. List of Unsolved Murders (wiki).

Depraved-Heart Murder is a type of murder where an individual acts with a "depraved indifference" to human life and where such act results in a death, despite that individual not explicitly intending to kill. In a depraved-heart murder, defendants commit an act even though they know their act runs an unusually high risk of causing death or serious bodily harm to a person. If the risk of death or bodily harm is great enough, ignoring it demonstrates a "depraved indifference" to human life and the resulting death is considered to have been committed with malice aforethought.

Mass Murder - Genocide - Witness a Murder (video)

Felony Murder Rule is when an offender kills, regardless of intent to kill, in the commission of a dangerous or enumerated crime, the offender, and also the offender's accomplices or co-conspirators, may be found guilty of murder. The concept of felony murder originates in the rule of transferred intent, which is older than the limit of legal memory. In its original form, the malicious intent inherent in the commission of any crime, however trivial, was considered to apply to any consequences of that crime, however unintended.

Homicide the deliberate and unlawful killing of one person by another; murder occurs when one human being causes the death of another.

Manslaughter is a homicide or the killing of a human being without malice aforethought or without intentions and not on purpose. An accident. Manslaughter is the unlawful killing of a human being without malice aforethought, either expressed or implied, or otherwise in circumstances not amounting to murder. Unlawful killing that doesn't involve malice aforethought—intent to seriously harm or kill, or extreme, reckless disregard for life. (I did not mean to kill someone, killing that person was not my intention) Self-Defense - Justified Homicide.

Third-Degree Murder is unintentionally causing someone else's death while committing a dangerous act. Negligence.

Involuntary Manslaughter is defined as an unintentional killing that results either from criminal negligence or the commission of a low-level criminal act such as a misdemeanor. Distinguished from voluntary manslaughter or other forms of homicide because it does not require deliberation or premeditation, or intent. It is normally divided into two categories; constructive manslaughter and criminally negligent manslaughter, both of which involve criminal liability. Constructive manslaughter is also referred to as "unlawful act" manslaughter. It is based on the doctrine of constructive malice, whereby the malicious intent inherent in the commission of a crime is considered to apply to the consequences of that crime. It occurs when someone kills, without intent, in the course of committing an unlawful act. The malice involved in the crime is transferred to the killing, resulting in a charge of manslaughter.

Involuntary is doing something without conscious control and not subject to the control of the will. Controlled by the autonomic nervous system.

More people are getting away with murder. Unsolved killings reach a record high. The rate at which murders are solved or "cleared" has been declining for decades, it has now dropped to slightly below 50% in 2020 murder clearance rates. Not including big corporations who been getting away with mass murder for decades.

Negligent Homicide - Years of Life Lost

Criminally Negligent Manslaughter where death results from serious negligence, or, in some jurisdictions, serious recklessness.

Murder Conviction without a Body is possible. However, cases of this type have historically been hard to prove, often forcing the prosecution to rely on circumstantial evidence, and in England there was for centuries a mistaken view that in the absence of a body a killer could not be tried for murder. Developments in forensic science towards the end of the 20th century have in recent decades made it more likely that a murder conviction can be obtained even if a body has not been found.

98% of Trained Soldiers are not willing to kill another human being. Only 2% of combat soldiers do most of the killing, the other 98% shot and miss or don't fire their weapon at all. 25% of soldiers who experience being fire at in live combat situations either defecates, pisses or vomits, leaving many traumatized. Is this why Drafting or Forcing is necessary? Less than 2% of police officers kill civilians and attack civilians.

“if it comes to a choice between being a good soldier and a good human being -- try to be a good human being".” ― Anton Myrer, Once an Eagle.

No Quarter was generally used during military conflict to imply combatants would not be taken prisoner, but killed.

Killology is the study of the psychological and physiological effects of killing and combat on the human psyche; and the factors that enable and restrain a combatant's killing of others in these situations. Posture: This action involves the soldier falsely showing active participation in combat. In actuality they are not being effective in deterring the enemy from success. This is a major point of concern for commanders as it is difficult to tell the difference between a soldier posturing or fighting.

Hoplology is a science that studies human combative behavior and performance. Behavioral hoplology encompasses the psychological and physiological factors that affect human’s combative behavior and development of combative capabilities such as weapons or fighting systems. The broad subject range of behavioral hoplology means it also includes the effects that culture has had on man’s evolution as a group-social animal. The potential of deadly aggression and violence is highly influenced by environmental factors and not instinct, human nature or genetics. if the environmental factors that cause a man to be violent are present, then he will most likely be violent. Humans will only become violent when they are made to be. That's when humans can developed an on-off switch in the brain, that can disconnect a person from the reasoning and thinking parts of the brain. If the environmental factors that cause a man to be violent are not present, he will abstain and deter violence, especially when a person is given a high quality education.

Less than 1% of the Population Commits Violent Crimes, and 95% of violent crimes are committed by men. 1,248,185 violent crimes occurred in America in 2016.

License to Kill is a license granted by a government or government agency to a particular operative or employee to initiate the use of lethal force in the delivery of their objectives.

Deadly Force is use of force that is likely to cause serious bodily injury or death to another person. In most jurisdictions, the use of deadly force is justified only under conditions of extreme necessity as a last resort, when all lesser means have failed or cannot reasonably be employed.

Assisted Suicide

Nonkilling refers to the absence of killing, threats to kill, and conditions conducive to killing in human society. Even though the use of the term in the academic world refers mostly to the killing of human beings, it is sometimes extended to include the killing of animals and other forms of life. Self Defense.

No Murder Day, as a holiday, today no one is allowed to murder, if you think that you will murder someone today, then please stay home, or go somewhere safe, and enjoy the holiday.

Violence - Domestic Violence

Domestic Violence is a pattern of behavior which involves violence or abuse by one person against another in a domestic setting, such as in marriage or cohabitation. Intimate partner violence is violence by a spouse or partner in an intimate relationship against the other spouse or partner. Domestic violence can take place in heterosexual and same-sex family relationships, and can involve violence against children in the family. Domestic violence can take a number of forms, including physical, verbal, emotional, economic, religious, and sexual abuse, which can range from subtle, coercive forms to marital rape and to violent physical abuseDivorce.

Domestic Violence Hotline - Domestic Violence Hotline - Prevention

1−800−799−7233 / TTY  /  1−800−787−3224

Violence is the intentional use of physical force or the use of power to cause injury, death or psychological harm to another person, group or community. Violence is unlawful behavior and an act of aggression that can cause maldevelopment or deprivation or trauma.

Hostile is someone who is a threat to life or an obstacle to growth. An enemy with evil intent.

Destructive is causing great and irreparable harm, damage and suffering. Threats.

Damage is physical harm caused to something in such a way as to impair its value, usefulness, or normal function.

Rape - Sex Abuse - Crimes by Partners - Victimizing - Power Abuse - War - Verbal Abuse - Rage

Predator is one who kills and or eats its prey. A person who preys on others or ruthlessly exploits others. Sexual Predator.

Perpetrator is someone who perpetrates a wrongdoing. Perpetrate is to perform an act that has a negative effect.

Stalking is unwanted and/or repeated surveillance by an individual or group toward another person. Stalking behaviors are interrelated to harassment and intimidation and may include following the victim in person or monitoring them.

Threats - Harassment - Bullying - Police Brutality - Aggression - Aggressive Behavior - Self-Defense

Antagonistic is being incapable of harmonious association. A feeling of ill will arousing active hostility. Indicating opposition or resistance.

Hostility is a violent action that is hostile and usually unprovoked. Very unfavorable to life or growth. Antagonistic and showing active opposition or hostility toward someone or something. Ill-Will.

Battery is a criminal offense involving unlawful physical contact, distinct from assault which is the act of creating apprehension of such contact. Battery is a specific common law misdemeanor, although the term is used more generally to refer to any unlawful offensive physical contact with another person, and may be a misdemeanor or a felony, depending on the circumstances. Battery was defined at common law as "any unlawful and or unwanted touching of the person of another by the aggressor, or by a substance put in motion by him." In most cases, battery is now governed by statutes, and its severity is determined by the law of the specific jurisdiction.

Assault is the tort of acting intentionally, that is with either general or specific intent, causing the reasonable apprehension of an immediate harmful or offensive contact. Because assault requires intent, it is considered an intentional tort, as opposed to a tort of negligence. Actual ability to carry out the apprehended contact is not necessary. In Criminal Law an assault is defined as an attempt to commit battery, requiring the specific intent to cause physical injury.

Assault is the act of inflicting physical harm or unwanted physical contact upon a person or, in some specific legal definitions, a threat or attempt to commit such an action. It is both a crime and a tort and, therefore, may result in either criminal and/or civil liability. Generally, the common law definition is the same in criminal and tort law.

Felonious Assault is the act of threatening to attack another person with a weapon that could cause them serious harm. Pointing a gun at someone, holding someone at knifepoint, or brandishing brass knuckles at someone are all examples of felonious assault.

Incursion is an invasion or an attack, especially a sudden or brief one.

Accost is to approach and address someone boldly or aggressively.

Assail is to use aggressive force against someone. To launch an assault on someone. To begin hostilities or start warfare with someone. To aggressively challenge in speech or writing.

Crime in United States (wiki) - Sex Differences in Crime (wiki).

Deadly Force is force that a person uses causing, or that a person knows or should know would create a substantial risk of causing, death or serious bodily harm or injury. In most jurisdictions, the use of deadly force is justified only under conditions of extreme necessity as a last resort, when all lesser means have failed or cannot reasonably be employed. Firearms, bladed weapons, explosives, and vehicles are among those weapons the use of which is considered deadly force. The use of non-traditional weapons in an offensive manner, such as a baseball bat, sharp pencil, tire iron or other, may also be considered deadly force. Self Defense.

Torture is the act of deliberately inflicting physical or psychological pain on an organism in order to fulfill some desire of the torturer, or compel some action from the victim. Torture, by definition, is a knowing and intentional act; deeds which unknowingly or negligently inflict pain without a specific intent to do so are not typically considered torture, just a scumbag criminal who didn't know any better because of their ignorance.

Caning is a form of corporal punishment consisting of a number of hits (known as "strokes" or "cuts") with a single cane usually made of rattan, generally applied to the offender's bare or clothed buttocks (see spanking) or hands (on the palm). Caning on the knuckles or shoulders is much less common. Caning can also be applied to the soles of the feet (foot whipping or bastinado). The size and flexibility of the cane and the mode of application, as well as the number of the strokes, vary greatly — from a couple of light strokes with a small cane across the seat of a junior schoolboy's trousers, to a maximum of 24, very hard, wounding cuts on the bare buttocks with a large, heavy, soaked rattan as a judicial punishment in some Southeast Asian countries. Flagellation was so common in England as punishment (see below) that caning (and spanking and whipping) are called "the English vice". Caning can also be done consensually as a part of BDSM. The thin cane generally used for corporal punishment is not to be confused with a walking stick, which is sometimes also called a cane (especially in American English), but is thicker and much more rigid, and likely to be made of stronger wood. Bad.

Flagellation or flogging, whipping or lashing is the act of beating the human body with special implements such as whips, lashes, rods, switches, the cat o' nine tails, the sjambok, the knout, etc. Typically, flogging is imposed on an unwilling subject as a punishment; however, it can also be submitted to willingly for sadomasochistic pleasure, or performed on oneself, in religious or sadomasochistic contexts. The strokes are usually aimed at the unclothed back of a person, in certain settings it can be extended to other corporeal areas. For a moderated subform of flagellation, described as bastinado, the soles of a person's bare feet are used as a target for beating (see foot whipping). In some circumstances the word "flogging" is used loosely to include any sort of corporal punishment, including birching and caning. However, in British legal terminology, a distinction was drawn (and still is, in one or two colonial territories[citation needed]) between "flogging" (with a cat-o'-nine-tails) and "whipping" (formerly with a whip, but since the early 19th century with a birch). In Britain these were both abolished in 1948. Wrong.

Intimidation is intentional behavior that "would cause a person of ordinary sensibilities" to fear injury or harm. It is not necessary to prove that the behavior was so violent as to cause mean terror or that the victim was actually frightened. Threat, criminal threatening (or threatening behavior) is the crime of intentionally or knowingly putting another person in fear of bodily injury. "Threat of harm generally involves a perception of injury...physical or mental damage...act or instance of injury, or a material and detriment or loss to a person. A terroristic threat is a crime generally involving a threat to commit violence communicated with the intent to terrorize other."

Violence numbers by State Domestic Violence Questions (PDF)
Domestic Abuse Toolkit (PDF)
Domestic Abuse Guidance (PDF)

Battered Women Help
Stop Family Violence
Cure Violence

Can We Protect Ourselves From Trauma?

Parents of Murdered Children - 888.818.7662

Overseas Domestic Violence - 866.879.6636

Battered Person Syndrome is a physical and psychological condition of a person who has suffered emotional, physical, or sexual abuse from another person. The condition is the basis for the battered spouse defense that has been used in cases of physically and psychologically abused spouses who have killed their abusers.

Battered Woman Defense is a defense used in court that the person accused of an assault/murder was suffering from battered person syndrome at the material time. Because the defense is most commonly used by women, it is usually characterized in court as battered woman syndrome or battered wife syndrome.

Cycle of Abuse describes the controlling patriarchal behavior of men who felt entitled to abuse their wives to maintain control over them.

Some teachers don't talk to anyone about violent incidents. One in five teachers who were the victims of physical or verbal violence at their schools didn't report the incidents to school administrators. The results showed that significant minorities of teachers who experienced violence also didn't tell their colleagues (14 percent) or family (24 percent). Only 12 percent went to a counselor.

Sexual Assault Hotline - 800.656.4673

Safe Help Line - Teen Dating Abuse - Love is not Abuse

Exposure to domestic violence costs US government $55 billion each year. Exposure to domestic violence carries long-term consequences for both children and society.

Brake Checking occurs when a driver deliberately brakes very hard in front of another driver who is tailgating, causing the second driver to swerve or otherwise react quickly to avoid an accident. Often, a brake check also refers to simply pressing the brakes hard enough to activate the brake lights, signaling to the other driver that an increased space cushion is needed. Brake testing and tailgating are examples of aggressive driving, and both may be punishable as vehicular assault, careless or reckless driving, or vehicular homicide if death occurs. Because of the aggressive and dangerous nature of this move in motor sports, a driver who makes such a move is often penalized. Penalties given for such actions can vary from time penalties, to exclusion from a race or event.

Abusive People like to watch Contact Sports

Why Domestic Violence Increases After Sporting Events. Many of us have seen rowdy sports fans whose passions quickly become unruly. From viral videos of Red Sox fans overturning cars to Kentucky basketball fans setting fires, the relationship between sports fans and violence isn't exactly a secret. But research suggests that violence isn't limited to public riots. Several studies have linked major sporting events to an increase in reports of domestic violence. A 2013 study from Lancaster University found that domestic violence reports at a police department in the northwest of England rose by 38% after matches in which the English national soccer team played and lost (and a 26% increase even when the team won). Last year, researchers at the University of Calgary in Canada found that calls to a domestic violence hotline in Alberta rose by 15% when the local football team was playing. And in the U.S., a 2011 study looking at 900 NFL games over 11 years found that domestic violence reports increased by 10% in places where local teams lost. Psychopaths - Sore Losers.

People who are abusive like to watch contact sports that glorifies physical abuse in the name of competition. People who are abusive like to find ways to justify their abusive behavior. But contact sports are seen differently by the players. A sports player is not playing a sport to abuse someone, athletes are there to compare their skills to another persons skills, and at the same time, learn how athletic they are or how much more athletic they need to be. When playing football and when boxing, I was doing it for fun. My goal was to never hurt anyone. My goal was to play my best and try not to get injured doing it. But there are those moments when another player gets the best of you, this is when you can have a tendency to get angry and want to get your revenge, which is crazy and ignorant to think. But playing sports is not the best way to learn how to control your anger. Learning to control your anger is done after sports. That is the time to learn, especially learning about human behavior and how you view things in life. Do abusive people like to watch horror movies or dark dramas or like to play violent video games? What else do abusive people like to do that would enable them or influence them to have negative behaviors?

Athletes and Domestic Violence perpetrated by male athletes upon their intimate partners or family members is one of the most common off-field crimes that affects sports administration. Domestic violence among athletes specifically occurs off the field and is most often perpetrated by collegiate and professional athletes. Women are most often the victims during these perpetrations of violence.

Inside the NFL's Shallow–Depth-of-Field Movement. Broadcasters are embracing mirrorless and cine-style cameras to capture dramatic shots of live TV. The rig, commonly known as “Megalodon,” combines a Sony A7R IV, Sony FE 24-70mm f/2.8 GM lens, DJI Ronin-S gimbal, a field monitor and a 1080p wireless transmitter. This makes it look like a video game so reality becomes even more distorted then it already is.

Shallow Depth of Field is achieved by shooting photographs with a low f-number, or f-stop — from 1.4 to about 5.6 — to let in more light. This puts your plane of focus between a few inches and a few feet. Depending on your subject and area of focus point, you can blur the foreground or blur the background of your image.

The corporate controlled propaganda machine owns many of the professional sport athletes around the world, and they also own many of the movie actors and entertainers, especially the ones who make a lot of money. The more money they make, the more they are controlled by the corporate machine. People getting paid lots of money also creates the illusion of value. People have been brainwashed and they don't even know it. People are extremely disconnected, but believe they are connected. The illusion of being connected, and the illusion of being informed, are all illusions used by people in power.

Big corporations took peoples love of sports and entertainment and turned into a grooming and brainwashing machine. The media hype is so exaggerated that its disturbing, and it's especially disturbing to the people who know that these media front men are just actors playing a part reading from a script. People are controlled like puppets.

The joy of sports: How watching sports can boost well-being. Researchers explore in depth the positive psychological and neurophysiological benefits of watching sports

Self Defense - Protection

Self-Defense is a countermeasure that involves defending the health and well-being of oneself from harm. The use of the right of self-defense as a legal justification for the use of force in times of danger is available in many jurisdictions, but the interpretation varies widely.

Fight or Flight - Resilience - Body Guard - Vulnerabilities - Self Doubt - Trespassers - Unlawful Entry

Protect is to shield from danger, injury, destruction, or damage. To defend against someone or something.

Defend is to fight and protect against someone or something or resist strongly someone or something. To protect yourself or others from harm and resist against attack or injury.

Guardian - Immune System - Security - Community Policing - Assistance - Intervention - Prevention - Preserving

Thwart is to prevent someone from accomplishing something, or hinder or prevent the efforts, plans, or desires of someone.

Justice - Justified - Manslaughter - Precautions - Bystander Effect

Fight is to defend yourself against someone or something and resist strongly by making a strenuous or labored effort. To exert oneself continuously, vigorously, or obtrusively in order to be an advocate for something important.

Tooth and Nail is to fight with everything you have. The idiom is in reference to animals who don't have weapons, so they must fight with everything they have, such as their teeth and nails or claws.

Shield is to protect, hide, or conceal from danger or harm. A protective covering or structure. Armor carried on the arm to intercept blows. Hard outer covering or case of certain organisms such as arthropods and turtles.

Shielding is the act of shielding from harm. To protect, hide, or conceal from danger or harm. A shield consisting of an arrangement of metal mesh or plates designed to protect electronic equipment from ambient electromagnetic interference.

Bulletproof is being without flaws or loopholes. Something that is not penetrable by bullets.

Activism is a form of self-defense. Planning Ahead - Competence.

Personal Rights - Bravery - Anger Management - Conflict Resolution - Trespassers

Stop is to prevent something from happening or developing. To hold something back that is a danger or an enemy. A restraint that checks the motion of something. To render unsuitable for passage or check the expansion or influence of something. To put an end to a state or an activity.

Keep is to retain the possession of something. To maintain in safety from injury, harm, or danger. To stop someone or something from doing something or being in a certain state. To resume or proceed in a certain state, condition, or activity. To look after and be the keeper of something or have charge of something. To hold and prevent from leaving. Allow to remain in a place or position or maintain a property or feature. Supply with necessities and support. Remain under control.

Right of Self-Defense is the right for persons to use reasonable force or defensive force, for the purpose of defending one's own life or the lives of others, including, in certain circumstances, the use of deadly force. If a defendant uses defensive force because of a threat of deadly or grievous harm by the other person, or a reasonable perception of such harm, the defendant is said to have a "perfect self-defense" justification. If defendant uses defensive force because of such a perception, and the perception is not reasonable, the defendant may have an "imperfect self-defense" as an excuse. Provoked.

Anti-Predator Adaptation are mechanisms developed through evolution that assist prey organisms in their constant struggle against predators. Throughout the animal kingdom, adaptations have evolved for every stage of this struggle, namely by avoiding detection, warding off attack, fighting back, or escaping when caught. The first line of defence consists in avoiding detection, through mechanisms such as camouflage, masquerade, apostatic selection, living underground, or nocturnality.

Countermeasure is a measure or action taken to counter or offset another one. As a general concept it implies precision, and is any technological or tactical solution or system (often for a military application) designed to prevent an undesirable outcome in the process.

Sometimes just being good is not enough. You need to be strong and skillful in self defense, and not just physically strong and skillful, but mentally strong and skillful as well. If you can't defend yourself with words, then you need to be able to defend yourself physically. When a peaceful protest is attacked, we need to defend ourselves from the ignorant scumbags who are puppets controlled by the ignorant scumbags in power.

A harmless person who is timid and overly kind is vulnerable to attacks. A strong person who is well trained in self defense, is less vulnerable to attacks, such as with a deterrence theory. You need to be a good person, but you also need to be strong person who is willing to defend themself. And the power you have also needs to be controlled. Having the strength and the power to defend yourself does not mean you need to use your strength and power all the time. Controlling your power is the key to your strength. Show it, don't blow it. Use it to defuse it, and don't abuse it.

Bodyguard is a type of security guard who protects a person or people from danger: generally theft, assault, kidnapping, assassination, harassment, loss of confidential information, threats, or other criminal offences. The group of personnel who protect a VIP are often referred to as the VIP's security detail. You are a Very Important Person.

Entourage is a group of people attending to an important person or surrounding an important person. The group following an important person.

Guardian Angel is an angel or person that is assigned to protect and guide a particular person, group, kingdom, or country.

Guardian is a person who cares for persons or property. A person who is legally responsible for another person or child. Guardian Angel.

Chaperone is a responsible adult who accompanies and supervises young people.

Cover my ass means to ask someone to take action to protect you from being blamed, punished, or harmed. To foresee and avoid the possibility of attack or criticism by asking someone to be on the lookout. Security - Insurance.

I have your back is telling someone that you are willing and prepared to help them or defend them; to look out for someone in case they need assistance. Awareness - Dangers.

Compassion in Oakland is a service for people who don't feel safe walking alone. You can request a chaperone.

Girls Fight Back is where young women to learn violence prevention and self-defense. Learning to use your intuition, safety tips, awareness, eye contact, verbal boundaries. How to be an active bystander and a good ally. The definition of consent. How to support a survivor. How to set boundaries that work for you. Verbal de-escalation skills. The basics of self-defense in our Badass Ballet (or Terminator Tango). Plus a review of improvised weapons, ground fighting, and how to sign up for a full-contact adrenaline based self-defense course near you.

How To Win A Street Fight With Head Movement, Learn Simple (But Awesome) Street Fighting Techniques (youtube).

"Everyone has a plan until they get punched in the mouth." Mike Tyson.

How to throw a Punch. A straightforward punch, called a straight punch, or a “cross,” typically performed with your dominant hand. You can throw lots of other types of punches, but you have to have someone to teach you the proper mechanics, and have plenty of time to practice. Don’t wrap your fingers around your thumb. That’s a very efficient way to break your thumb or even dislocate your thumb. Make your fist tight enough that it won’t give when it hits the target—but not so tight that your arm shakes and you cut off blood flow to your hand. The power of a punch comes from the legs. Standing with your feet close together will make it easy for someone to throw you off balance and put you on the ground. Go too wide, and you’ll inhibit your own movement and take away power from the strike. A happy medium is between standing flat footed and taking a wide karate stance. Keep your feet a comfortable distance apart and stand squarely facing your target, then drop the foot on your dominant side back and out to an angle between 30 and 45 degrees. Make sure that your hips are turned slightly away from the target. If you have to move forward or back, make the motion more of a slide than a walk. You want to keep a strong base, even when you’re moving—and you can’t do that when your feet are crossed or planted right next to each other. When you’re getting ready to throw a punch, your forearms should stay nearly vertical, with your elbows tucked into your body, not flared out like chicken wings. Squeeze your abdominal muscles tight. Your hands should stay up to guard your face. This gives you an opportunity to protect your body and face when you’re not mid-punch. Leaving a big gap between your hands and your elbows exposes a large chunk of your center mass to strikes. A punch should go straight forward, rather than out to the side. The idea is to send your fist out and bring it right back to its original position, with as little extraneous motion as possible. The full punch motion stems from turning your hips, like when swinging a baseball bat. When you start the punch, pivot your back foot on its ball and push your body forward. You don’t want to exaggerate the motion and throw yourself off balance, but you want to feel your lower body pushing your arm forward. As you push off your foot, turn your hips and extend your arm straight toward the target. Don’t flare your elbow or try to loop around in a big hook punch. Don’t overextend into the punch. You want to feel in control and balanced at all times during the process. If you over-commit and fall forward, you’ll put yourself in a vulnerable position. When you hit your target, you want to strike with the first two knuckles, not that flat front part of your fist or the smaller knuckles on your ring or pinky fingers. You should also try to keep all the bones in your forearm, down to your knuckles, in alignment. That way, you won’t apply force to your bones and wrist at a weird angle. The actual angle of your fist at impact is something that changes from practice to practice. Boxers and kickboxers throw straight punches with horizontal fists. More self-defense-oriented practitioners like Krav Maga specialists recommend tilting your thumb outward at a 45-degree angle or even punching with a vertical fist in order to reduce the chances that the impact will buckle your untrained wrist. Wing Chun practitioners often use vertical fists for punching, too. Choose the angle that feels best to you, and then aim to keep it consistent as you practice. Once your strike lands, you might be tempted to leave your fist in midair or drop your hand to your waist. That’s an invitation for retaliation. Instead, as soon as your punch reaches the end of its journey, you want to bring it immediately back toward your face for defense, whether your original punch landed or not. As your hand comes back, reset the rest of your body as well. You want to get back to that solid base, with your feet in a strong position and your arms ready to protect your face and core. Even if you’re just hitting a punching bag, establishing good habits during practice will prepare you for throwing a punch in the real world. Rehearse these movements many times, and they’ll eventually start to feel natural. So when you actually have to throw a punch, your body can respond automatically. To get even better, we recommend finding a reputable self-defense or martial arts instructor—rather than feeding hundreds of dollars into that punching-bag arcade game.

Southpaw Stance in boxing and some other sports, is where the boxer has their right hand and right foot forward, leading with right jabs, and following with a left cross right hook. It is the normal stance for a left-handed boxer. The corresponding boxing designation for a right-handed boxer is orthodox and is generally a mirror-image of the southpaw stance. In American English, "southpaw" generally refers to a person who is left handed. Left-handed boxers are usually taught to fight in a southpaw stance, but right-handed fighters can also fight in the southpaw stance for many reasons. Fighting in a southpaw stance is believed to give the fighter a strategic advantage because of the tactical and cognitive difficulties of coping with a fighter who moves in a mirror-reverse of the norm. Left-handed fighters are often taught to fight in orthodox stance despite their dominant side being their left, either because of the overriding need to best counter a fighter who uses an orthodox stance, or because of the (real or perceived) limited number of trainers who specialize in training the southpaw stance.

Martial Arts - Learning how to defend yourself physically and mentally.

Wudang quan is a class of Chinese martial arts. In contemporary China, Chinese martial arts styles are generally classified into two major groups: Wudang (Wutang), named after the Wudang Mountains; and Shaolin, named after the Shaolin Monastery. Whereas Shaolin includes many martial art styles, Wudangquan includes only a few arts that use the focused mind to control the body. Wu-Tang Clan (wiki)

There is at least 1 through 10 Degrees of Black Belt. 1st Degree Black belt means you are a beginner and starting to learn. 2nd black belt means you have learned higher-level skills and display a greater degree of proficiency in this combat sport. 3rd degree black belt means you can perform or apply techniques under various conditions. 4th degree black belt means you have attained more knowledge and can apply techniques to such a degree that the person is able to instruct others. 5th degree indicates emotional and psychological maturity, having more than just physical skills. Since in many styles a black belt takes three to six years of training to achieve, a possible analogy might be a bachelor's degree: the student has a good understanding of fundamental concepts and ability, but has not yet perfected their skills. In this analogy a graduate degree would represent advancement past the first degree. Brazilian jiu-jitsu would be a notable exception to this, as a black belt for a jiu-jitsu practitioner typically takes 7–12 years of training to earn, and a black belt holder is generally viewed as an expert in the art. Rank and belts are not equivalent between arts, styles, or even within some organizations. In some arts, a black belt may be awarded in three years or even less, while in others it takes dedicated training of ten years or more. Testing for black belt is commonly more rigorous and more centralized than for lower grades. Dan rank ranking system is used by many Japanese organizations and Korean martial arts to indicate the level of one's ability within a certain subject matter. Rank in Judo is when improvement and understanding of the art is denoted by a system of rankings split into kyu and dan grades. These are indicated with various systems of coloured belts, with the black belt indicating a practitioner who has attained a certain level of competence. Comparison of karate styles (wiki) - Slow-Flowing Movements of Martial Arts.

Shotokan is a style of karate characterized by deep, long stances that provide stability, enable powerful movements, and strengthen the legs. Shotokan is regarded as a dynamic martial art as it develops anaerobic, powerful techniques as well as developing speed. Initially strength and power are demonstrated instead of slower, more flowing motions. Those who progress to brown and black belt level develop a much more fluid style that incorporates grappling, throwing and some standing joint locking techniques, which can be found even in basic kata. Kumite (fighting) techniques are practiced in the kihon and kata and developed from basic to advanced levels with an opponent. Shotokan training is usually divided into three parts: kihon (basics), kata (forms or patterns of moves), and kumite (sparring).

Hapkido is a hybrid Korean martial art. It is a form of self-defense that employs joint locks, grappling, throwing techniques, kicks, punches, and other striking attacks. It also teaches the use of traditional weapons, including knife, sword, rope, nunchaku (ssang juhl bong), cane (ji pang ee), short stick (dan bong), and middle-length staff (joong bong), gun (analogous to the Japanese jō), and bō (Japanese), which vary in emphasis depending on the particular tradition examined.

"The thorn defends the rose and only harms those who steal the blossom." Be Like Water.

Kung Fu is an American action-adventure martial arts Western drama television series in 1972 starring David Carradine. The series follows the adventures of Kwai Chang Caine, a Shaolin monk who travels through the American Old West, armed only with his spiritual training and his skill in martial arts, as he seeks Danny Caine, his half-brother. Many of the aphorisms used in the series are adapted from or derived directly from the Tao Te Ching, a book of ancient Taoist philosophy attributed to the sage Lao-tzu. In the pilot episode, Caine's beloved mentor and elder, Master Po, is murdered by the Emperor's nephew; outraged, Caine retaliates by killing the nephew. With a price on his head, Caine flees China to the western United States, where he seeks to find his family roots, and ultimately, his half-brother, Danny Caine. A recent tombstone dated 1874 in a season 3 episode places the stories approximately between 1871 and 1875. Because of bad people were pursuing him, Caine' intention was to avoid notice, But Caine's training and sense of social responsibility repeatedly force him out into the open because he needed to fight for justice or protect the underdog or someone in need. So then after each such encounter he must move on, both to avoid capture and prevent harm from coming to those he has helped. Flashbacks are often used to recall specific lessons from Caine's childhood training in the monastery from his teachers, "patience, Grasshopper" a nickname given from a playful lesson he taught to Caine as a child about being aware of the world around him, including the grasshopper that happened to be at his feet at that moment.

Ip Man also known as Yip Man, was a Hong Kong-based martial artist and a grandmaster of the martial art of Wing Chun when he was 20. He had several students who later became martial arts masters in their own right, the most famous among them being Bruce Lee. The Grandmaster is a 2013 martial arts drama film based on the life story of the Wing Chun grandmaster Ip Man.

Baguazhang is one of the three main Chinese martial arts of the Wudang school, the other two being tai chi and Xingyiquan.

64 Hands of Bagua Zhang (youtube) - Beijing BaguaZhang 64-hands whole play (youtube)

Three stages of mastery are "Being, Knowing and Doing".

To defend is to be aggressive. Should you fight evil with evil? Through wrong means, can right be established? Can there be peace in the world by murdering those who are murderers? As long as we divide ourselves into groups, nationals, different religions and ideologies there will be the aggressor and the defender. To be without virtue is to be without freedom, which is evil. This evil cannot be overcome by another evil, by another opposing desire. Jiddu Krishnamurti (wiki).

Excuse provides a mitigating factor for a group of persons sharing a common characteristic. Justification, as in justifiable homicide, vindicates or shows the justice. Thus, society approves of the purpose or motives underpinning some actions or the consequences flowing from them, and distinguishes those where the behavior cannot be approved but some excuse may be found in the characteristics of the defendant, e.g. that the accused was a serving police officer or suffering from a mental illness. Thus, a justification describes the quality of the act, whereas an excuse relates to the status or capacity (or lack of it) in the accused. These factors can affect the resulting judgment which may be an acquittal, or in the case of a conviction may mitigate sentencing. An excuse may also be something that a person or persons use to explain any criticism or comments based on the outcome of any specific event.

Justifiable Homicide is a defense to culpable homicide or criminal or negligent homicide. Generally, there is a burden of production of exculpatory evidence in the legal defense of justification. In most countries, a homicide is justified when there is sufficient evidence to disprove (under the "beyond a reasonable doubt" standard for criminal charges, and "preponderance of evidence" standard for claims of wrongdoing, i.e. civil liability) the alleged criminal act or wrongdoing. The key to this legal defense is that it was reasonable for the subject to believe that there was an imminent and otherwise unavoidable danger of death or grave bodily harm to the innocent by the deceased when he or she committed the homicide. A homicide in this instance is blameless. Although it doesn't constitute homicide, charges and claims of assaults, batteries, and other similar criminal charges and claims of wrongdoing are similarly defensible under the legal defense of self defense.

Restraining Orders - Protective Orders

Restraining Order or protective order, is an order used by a court to protect a person, object, business, company, state, country, establishment, or entity, and the general public, in a situation involving alleged domestic violence, child abuse, assault, harassment, stalking, or sexual assault. In the United States, every state has some form of domestic violence restraining order law, and many states also have specific restraining order laws for stalking and sexual assault.

Temporary Restraining Order, also known as an injunction, is used to grant equitable relief against a possible future harm.

Protective Order in discovery, prevents the disclosure of certain information under circumstances including undue burden or expense, annoyance, and embarrassment.

Personal Protection Order or PPO, is an order issued by the Circuit Court to stop threats or violence against you. It may protect you from being hit, threatened, harassed or stalked by another person. The PPO may also stop someone from coming into your home or bothering you at work. If the respondent breaches the Protection Order they will be arrested and cannot be bailed out by the Police for 24 hours. The respondent can then face a maximum penalty of imprisonment of up to three years or they can be fined. The respondent will also have to attend the Court-appointed programme 'Stopping Violence'.

When to Show Force - When to Run - Stand Up or Walk Away

Duty to Retreat is a legal requirement in some jurisdictions that a threatened person cannot stand one's ground and apply lethal force in self-defense, but must instead retreat to a place of safety, if the option is available and also logical.

Fight or Flight - Instinct - Self Defense - Amygdala - Threat - Intruder

Self-Preservation is the process of an organism preventing itself from being harmed or killed, or a behavior or set of behaviors that ensures the survival of an organism. It is thought to be universal among all living organisms. For sentient organisms, pain and fear are integral parts of this mechanism. Pain motivates the individual to withdraw from damaging situations, to protect a damaged body part while it heals, and to avoid similar experiences in the future.

"Whether 'tis nobler in the mind to suffer, The slings and arrows of outrageous fortune, Or to take arms against a sea of troubles, And by opposing end them?" - William Shakespeare.

Only show force and strength when absolutely necessary. Looking weak and fragile is sometimes better then exerting force or showing your strength and influence. People will perceive you as being less threatening. So criminals may not pay attention to you or go out of their way to attack you. But if you look too weak, then a criminal may think of you as easy prey. So you have to balance your body language that says I'm no threat to you but I am also not weak or ignorant. But don't act over confident or express too much happiness or emotion. And don't let them see you sweat. Sometimes the best reaction is showing no reaction at all. Only when someone is attacking you do you need to use your full power and intellect. But even then, you have to be careful not to get sucked into a fight. Body language and language of any kind needs to be used effectively, or its power is useless, and your ability to protect yourself is drastically reduced.

Wide Berth is to keep a reasonable distance from someone or something. To steer clear of someone or something.

Let Sleeping Dogs Lie is to avoid interfering in a situation that is currently causing no problems but might do so as a result of such interference. Conflict Avoidance.

Knowing When to Stand Up and Knowing When to Walk Away. Of course it's all relative. Sometimes you have no choice but to stand up, and other times it's better to just walk away, because confronting something may not be worth the effort and could create unnecessary risks. Choose the right time to fight very wisely. And if you walk away, do it skillfully. Being brave or confident is not without risk. And being too nice or passive can carry it's own risks as well. Your greatest weapon will always be your mind. Though physical strength and coordination is extremely important, it will never be more important than the mind that controls that power.

Retreat is to pull back or move away or go backward. To withdrawal to a more favorable position to escape an enemy's forces. To withdrawal from a dangerous position or to escape something hazardous or unpleasant.

Necessity in criminal law may be either a possible justification or an exculpation for breaking the law. Defendants seeking to rely on this defense argue that they should not be held liable for their actions as a crime because their conduct was necessary to prevent some greater harm and when that conduct is not excused under some other more specific provision of law such as self defense. Except for a few statutory exemptions and in some medical cases. there is no corresponding defense in English law for murder. Generally, the defendant must affirmatively show (i.e., introduce some evidence) that (a) the harm he sought to avoid outweighs the danger of the prohibited conduct he is charged with; (b) he had no reasonable alternative; (c) he ceased to engage in the prohibited conduct as soon as the danger passed; and (d) he did not himself create the danger he sought to avoid.

Exculpations Excuse is when the defendant has actually done everything to break the law and intended to do it to avoid some threatened or actual harm. Thus, some degree of liability already attaches to the defendant for what was done. In law, the usual rule is that the defendant's motive for breaking the law is irrelevant although, in the criminal law, this may reduce the sentence.

Parthian Shot is when you're in real or feigned retreat, horse archers would turn their bodies back in full gallop to shoot at the pursuing enemy. The maneuver required superb equestrian skills, since the rider's hands were occupied by his composite bow.

Duress or coercion refers to a situation whereby a person performs an act as a result of violence, threat, or other pressure against the person.

Provocation is a set of events that might be adequate to cause a reasonable person to lose self control, whereby a criminal act is less morally culpable than a premeditated act done out of pure malice (malice aforethought). (There is no reason to be an as*hole or a criminal, there is no excuse, other then, "I'm an ignorant moron who needs to educate myself so that I can stop making mistakes and stop blaming other people for my actions").

Stand-Your-Ground Law provides that people may use deadly force when they reasonably believe it to be necessary to defend against deadly force, great bodily harm, kidnapping, rape, or (in some jurisdictions) robbery or some other serious crimes (right of self-defense). Under such a law, people have no duty to retreat before using deadly force in self-defense, so long as they are in a place where they are lawfully present. Stand-your-ground laws cannot be invoked by someone who is the initial aggressor or otherwise doing something illegal. The exact details vary by jurisdiction. Loophole to Commit Murder - Above the Law - Stand Your Ground: Last Week Tonight with John Oliver (HBO) (youtube).

Universal Law / Sovereign Law trumps all others. 1. No man or woman, in or out of government shall initiate force, threat of force or fraud against my life and property and, any and all contracts I'm a party to not giving full disclosure to me whether signed by me or not are void at my discretion. 2. I may use force in self-defense against anyone that violates Law 3. There shall be no exceptions to Law 1 and 2. Trespassing.

Justified Violence

Justifiable Homicide in criminal law stands on the dividing line between an excuse, a justification, and an exculpation. In certain circumstances, homicide is justified when it prevents greater harm to innocents. A homicide can only be justified if there is sufficient evidence to prove that it was reasonable to believe that the offending party posed an imminent threat to the life or well-being of another, in self-defense. To rule a justifiable homicide, one must objectively prove to a trier of fact, beyond all reasonable doubt, that the victim intended to commit violence. A homicide in this instance is blameless and distinct from the less stringent criteria authorizing deadly force in stand your ground rulings. Two Wrongs Don't Make a Right.

Voluntary Manslaughter occurs when the defendant is strongly provoked under circumstances that could similarly provoke a reasonable person to kill in the heat of passion aroused by that provocation. However, there are mitigating circumstances that reduce culpability, or when the defendant kills only with an intent to cause serious bodily harm. Voluntary manslaughter in some jurisdictions is a lesser included offense of murder. The traditional mitigating factor was provocation; however, others have been added in various jurisdictions. The most common type of voluntary manslaughter occurs when a defendant is provoked to commit the homicide. It is sometimes described as a heat-of-passion killing. In most cases, the provocation must induce rage or anger in the defendant, although some cases have held that fright, terror, or desperation will suffice. Involuntary Manslaughter (murder).

Non-Negligent Manslaughter is the willful or non-negligent killing of one human being by another. As a general rule, any death caused by injuries received in a fight, argument, quarrel, assault, or commission of a crime is classified as murder and Non-negligent Manslaughter. Criminal Laws Explained (PDF).

Is being ignorant the same thing as being negligent?

Two Wrongs Don't make a Right - War Crimes

Riot is a public act of violence by an unruly mob. A state of disorder involving group violence. Take part in a riot; disturb the public peace by engaging in a riot. Not the Same as Protesting.

Ignorant psychopathic criminals were responsible for September 11th, 2001.

Psychopathic is someone suffering from or constituting a chronic mental disorder with abnormal or violent social behavior.

Criminal is someone who has committed a crime that broke a law that was established to protect people from harm and death. Evil.

Victims - Victimized

Victim is an unfortunate person who suffers from some adverse circumstance. A person who is tricked or swindled.

Victimized is when you are taken advantage of and punish unjustly or deprive of by deceit.

Victimization is the process of being victimized or becoming a victim.

Threatened - Trauma - Stress - Survival Guilt

Polyvictimization refers to having experienced multiple victimizations such as sexual abuse, physical abuse, bullying, and exposure to family violence.

Victimology is the study of victimization, including the relationships between victims and offenders, the interactions between victims and the criminal justice system—that is, the police and courts, and corrections officials—and the connections between victims and other social groups and institutions, such as the media, businesses, and social movements.

Victim Assistance - 800.879.6682 - Victim Services

Victims of Crime Help - 800.394.2255

Safe Horizon moves Victims of Violence from Crisis to Confidence.

Victims of Crimes Resource - 800.851.3420

Victims of Violence - Victims of Crime

Why Victims Don't Leave (video)

Victim Blaming occurs when the victim of a crime or any wrongful act is held entirely or partially responsible for the harm that befell them. The study of victimology seeks to mitigate the perception of victims as responsible. There is a greater tendency to blame victims of rape than victims of robbery if victims and perpetrators know each other.

Destabilisation in a psychological context is used as a technique in brainwashing and abuse to disorient and disarm the victim. For example, in the context of workplace bullying, destabilisation applied to the victim may involve: Failure to acknowledge good work and value the victim's efforts. Allocation of meaningless tasks. Removal of areas of responsibility without consultation. Repeated reminders of blunders. Setting up to fail. Shifting of goal posts without telling the victim. Persistent attempts to demoralise the victim. Self Defense.

Victim Mentality is an acquired or learned personality trait in which a person tends to regard themselves as a victim of the negative actions of others, and to behave as if this were the case even in the lack of clear evidence of such circumstances. Victim mentality depends on habitual thought processes and attribution. In some cases, those with a victim mentality have in fact been the victim of wrongdoing by others or have otherwise suffered misfortune through no fault of their own; however, such misfortune does not necessarily imply that one will respond by developing a pervasive and universal victim mentality where one frequently or constantly believes oneself to be a victim.

Victimless Crime is a term used to refer to actions that have been made illegal but which do not directly violate or threaten the rights of any other individual. It often involves consensual acts, or solitary acts in which no other person is involved. Such acts would not lead to any person calling for help from the police.

Victim Playing is the fabrication of victimhood for a variety of reasons such as to justify abuse of others, to manipulate others, a coping strategy or attention seeking. Where a person is known for regular victim playing, the person may be referred to as a professional victim. Playing the Victim is a dangerous game.

Listen to My Story: Communicating With Victims of Crime Video (youtube) - National Victim Assistance Academy: Listen to My Story: Communicating With Victims of Crime (2005). Department of Justice Office of Justice Programs. Office for Victims of Crime. National Victim Assistance Academy. Listen to My Story: Communicating With Victims of Crime. NCJ 195655 - August 2005. Video Guide in PDF. Video Preview Transcript. Opening: The title "Listen to My Story: Communicating With Victims of Crime" appears above a pair of eyes; slide montage begins and slides read as follows: "Help Victims Regain Control" above two sets of clasping hands, "Listen with Compassion" below a woman's face, "Understand the Impact of Trauma" above a couple holding each other closely, "Need to Build Trust" below one person hugging another, "Be Aware of Communication Barriers" above a child's drawing of two faces labeled "Alegre?" and "Enojado?" Montage fades to black and then to female speaker. Female speaking to the camera: Over the past two decades, a number of studies have identified three factors that affect victim satisfaction and victim reconstruction of their lives following a crime; acknowledgment, respect, and information. These factors can validate victims' experiences and help them regain control. The title "Listen to My Story: Communicating With Victims of Crime" appears above a pair of eyes, then text on black screen. Office for Victims of Crime OVC "Putting Victims First". Producer: National Victim Assistance Academy. Creative Commons license: Public Domain. Uploaded on Nov 1, 2007.

Fraud Victims (consumer protection)

Elderly Abuse, Fraud and Exploitation

Senior Citizen Stories - Experiences of a Lifetime

Indian Affairs - 800.633.5155

Refugees - Immigrants - War - Bad

War Victims Day is an unofficial day of celebration and empowerment of the victims of armed conflict. (30 May 2017)

Victims of Torture is held annually on 26 June to speak out against the crime of torture and to honor and support victims and survivors throughout the world.

Abuse - Child Abuse - Emotional Abuse

Child Abuse is physical, sexual, or psychological mistreatment or neglect of a child or children, especially by a parent or other caregiver. It may include any act or failure to act by a parent or other caregiver that results in actual or potential harm to a child, and can occur in a child's home, or in the organizations, schools or communities the child interacts with.

Child Abuse Hotline - 800.422.4453

Abuse is to treat someone badly, wrongly or improperly. To be excessively cruel and give inhumane treatment that is intended to offend or hurt someone. Emotional abuse that may result in psychological trauma, including anxiety and chronic depression.

Verbal Abuse is the act of forcefully criticizing, denouncing or insulting another person. Characterized by underlying anger and hostility, it is a destructive form of communication intended to harm the self-concept of the other person and produce negative emotions. Verbal abuse is a maladaptive mechanism that anyone can display occasionally, such as during times of high stress or physical discomfort. For some people, it is a pattern of behaviors used intentionally to control or manipulate others or to get revenge.

Derisive is abusing someone vocally by expressing contempt or ridicule.

Bullying - Physical Abuse - Condescending - Scams - Victimizing - Punishment - Trauma - Prisons - Harassment - Alienation - Negligence - Dysfunctional Education System

Psychological Abuse is a form of abuse characterized by a person subjecting or exposing another person to behavior that may result in psychological trauma, including anxiety, chronic depression, or post-traumatic stress disorder. It is often associated with situations of power imbalance in abusive relationships, and may include bullying, gaslighting, and abuse in the workplace. It also may be perpetrated by persons conducting torture, other violence, acute or prolonged human rights abuse, particularly without legal redress such as detention without trial, false accusations, false convictions and extreme defamation such as where perpetrated by state and media.

Emotional Abuse or Mental Abuse can be inflicted in many different ways. Learn the signs and learn how to defend yourself.

Emotional Blackmail is controlling people in relationships and the theory that fear, obligation and guilt are the transactional dynamics at play between the controller and the person being controlled. Understanding these dynamics is useful to anyone trying to extricate from the controlling behavior of another person and deal with their own compulsions to do things that are uncomfortable, undesirable, burdensome, or self-sacrificing for others.

Adverse Childhood Experiences include childhood emotional, physical, or sexual abuse and household dysfunction during childhood. The categories are verbal abuse, physical abuse, contact sexual abuse, a battered mother, household substance abuse, household mental illness, incarcerated household members, and parental separation or divorce. The experiences chosen were based upon prior research that has shown to them to have significant negative health or social implications, and for which substantial efforts are being made in the public and private sector to reduce their frequency of occurrence. Scientific evidence is mounting that such adverse childhood experiences have a profound long-term effect on health. Research shows that exposure to abuse and to serious forms of family dysfunction in the childhood family environment are likely to activate the stress response, thus potentially disrupting the developing nervous, immune, and metabolic systems of children. ACEs are associated with lifelong physical and mental health problems that emerge in adolescence and persist into adulthood, including cardiovascular disease, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, autoimmune diseases, substance abuse, and depression.

Power Abuse - Toxic Leadership - Torture - Kidnapping - Psychological Abuse - Estrange

Inflict is to make someone do something unpleasant.

Persecuting is to cause someone to suffer.

Dehumanization is an ignorant behavior where a corrupted human treats another human being as if they are not human, when in reality, they are human. This type of ignorance treats other people as being inferior or less valuable, or being less human and being more like animals. This type of delusion is a demented interpretation from an individual who wants to deprive and violate another persons right to protect themselves and to be free from physical and mental abuse, and to be free from any other criminal act. Dehumanization is a demoralizing prejudice that is usually the result of someone being corrupted by a distorted ideology, that usually comes from a power of authority, and is also the result of someone suffering from the lack of knowledge and from the lack of valuable information.

Disheartening is a feeling that causes someone to lose determination or confidence; Something discouraging or dispiriting. Destructive of morale and self-reliance.

Objectification - Racism - Unhealthy Criticism - Lack of Empathy - Media Abuse - Sexual Abuse - Endangerment

Abusive Power and control is the way that an abusive person gains and maintains power and control over another person in order to subject that victim to psychological, physical, sexual, or financial abuse. The motivations of the abuser are varied and can include devaluation, envy, personal gain, personal gratification, psychological projection, or just for the sake of the enjoyment of exercising power and control. Controlling abusers use tactics to exert power and control over their victims. The tactics themselves are psychologically and sometimes physically abusive. Control may be helped through economic abuse thus limiting the victim's actions as they may then lack the necessary resources to resist the abuse. The goal of the abuser is to control and intimidate the victim or to influence them to feel that they do not have an equal voice in the relationship. Manipulators and abusers control their victims with a range of tactics, including positive reinforcement (such as praise, superficial charm, flattery, ingratiation, love bombing, smiling, gifts, attention), negative reinforcement, intermittent or partial reinforcement, psychological punishment (such as nagging, silent treatment, swearing, threats, intimidation, emotional blackmail, guilt trips, inattention) and traumatic tactics (such as verbal abuse or explosive anger). The vulnerabilities of the victim are exploited with those who are particularly vulnerable being most often selected as targets. Traumatic bonding can occur between the abuser and victim as the result of ongoing cycles of abuse in which the intermittent reinforcement of reward and punishment creates powerful emotional bonds that are resistant to change and a climate of fear. An attempt may be made to normalize, legitimize, rationalize, deny, or minimize the abusive behavior, or blame the victim for it. Isolation, gas-lighting, mind games, lying, disinformation, propaganda, destabilization, brainwashing and divide and rule are other strategies that are often used. The victim may be plied with alcohol or drugs or deprived of sleep to help disorientate them. Certain personality types feel particularly compelled to control other people.

Toxic Leadership - Power Structures

Rankism is abusive, discriminatory, and/or exploitative behavior towards people because of their rank in a particular hierarchy. Rank-based abuse underlies many other phenomena such as bullying, racism, hazing, ageism, sexism, ableism, mentalism, anti-semitism, homophobia and transphobia.

Power Harassment is a form of harassment and workplace bullying in which someone in a position of greater power uses that power to harass or bully a lower-ranking person. It includes a range of behavior from mild irritation and annoyances to serious abuses which can even involve forced activity beyond the boundaries of the job description. Prohibited in some countries, power harassment is considered a form of illegal discrimination and political and psychological abuse. Types of power harassment include physical or psychological attacks, segregation, excessive or demeaning work assignments, and intrusion upon the victim's personal life.

Torment is unbearable physical pain and extreme mental distress. Intense feelings of suffering; acute mental or physical pain. A feeling of intense annoyance caused by being tormented. The act of harassing someone. Treat cruelly.

You've got a Nerve usually means that you are being insensitive or ignorant in regards to other peoples feelings. A scumbag.

Purgatory is a temporary condition of torment or suffering. Torture.

Suffering is a a state of acute pain and misery resulting from affliction. Feelings of mental or physical pain. Very unhappy; full of misery. Experience (emotional) pain. Put up with something or somebody unpleasant. Feel unwell or uncomfortable.

Misery is a state of ill-being due to affliction or misfortune. A feeling of intense unhappiness.

Distress is psychological suffering and extreme physical pain.

Inhumane is showing no compassion and being cold blooded, heartless, cruel, malicious, brutal, unsympathetic, vicious, ignorant and Evil.

Corrupting Children: Any person who, in the home of a child, by indulgence in sexual immorality, in habitual drunkenness or in any other form of vice, causes such child to be in danger of being or becoming immoral, dissolute or criminal, or the morals of such child to be injuriously affected, or renders the place of such child an unfit place for such child to be in, shall be liable, on summary conviction, to a fine or to imprisonment. It shall not be a valid defense to a prosecution under this section that the child is of too tender years to understand or appreciate the nature of the act complained of or to be immediately affected thereby?

Incivility is rude or unsociable speech or behavior or an impolite or offensive comment. Threat - Violence.

Microaggression is a term used for commonplace daily verbal, behavioral or environmental slights, whether intentional or unintentional, that communicate hostile, derogatory, or negative attitudes toward stigmatized or culturally marginalized groups.

Micro-Aggression are the everyday verbal, nonverbal, and environmental slights, snubs, or insults, whether intentional or unintentional, which communicate hostile, derogatory, or negative messages to target persons based solely upon their marginalized group membership.

Micro-Inequity is a theory regarding ways in which individuals are either singled out, overlooked, ignored, or otherwise discounted based on unchangeable characteristics such as race or gender. Micro-inequities, micro-affirmations, and micro-advantages all fall within the broader category of micro-messaging. All three represent ways to send subtle messages, negatively or positively. According to the theory, micro-inequities are subtle, often sent unconsciously or consciously, messages that devalue, discourage and impair workplace performance. They are conveyed through facial expressions, gestures, tone of voice, choice of words, nuance and syntax. Repeated sending, or receiving, of micro-inequities can erode commitment and loyalty, and have the cumulative effect of disintegrating performance within the group.

Almost 680,000 children in the US were the victims of abuse and neglect in 2013. More than 1,500 of them died. 300 Million Cases Of Violence Against Children Ages 2 To 4.

Consequences of Child Abuse and Neglect. An estimated 702,000 children were confirmed by child protective services as being victims of abuse and neglect in 2014. In 2014, approximately 1,580 children died from abuse and neglect in America.

Kids Data - Abusive Relationships

Child Maltreatment - Child Maltreatment

Schoolmarm is a schoolmistress or a woman teacher regarded as strict and severe in manner. Toxic Leadership.

Substantial Disruption is a criterion set forth by the United States Supreme Court, in the leading case of Tinker v. Des Moines Independent Community School District, 393 U.S. 503 (1969). The test is used to determine whether an act by a U.S. public school official (State actor) has abridged a student's constitutionally protected First Amendment rights of free speech. The test, as set forth in the Tinker opinion, asks the question: Did the speech or expression of the student "materially and substantially interfere with the requirements of appropriate discipline in the operation of the school?" The case holds that to justify suppression of speech, school officials would need to show that the conduct in question would "materially and substantially interfere" with the operation of the school. A dumbed down education system interferes with the operation of society and is the most dangerous disruption in the world. So don't blame the children.

Laws to Protect Children and Parents

Child Protective Services is responsible for providing child protection, which includes responding to reports of child abuse or neglect. Some states use other names, often attempting to reflect more family-centered (as opposed to child-centered) practices, such as "Department of Children & Family Services" (DCFS). CPS is also known by the name of "Department of Social Services" (DSS) or simply "Social Services". U.S. federal laws that govern CPS agencies include: Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act (CAPTA). Indian Child Welfare Act (ICWA) . Multi-Ethnic Placement Act (MEPA). Adoption and Safe Families Act (ASFA). Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 (Section 504). Title II of the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (ADA). 42 U.S.C. Section 1983, and depending on the circumstances 1985.

Black and Native American families, poor families, and parents or children with disabilities experience even more oversight. Research has found that, among these groups, parents are more likely to lose parental rights and children are more likely to wind up in foster care. In an overwhelming majority of investigations, no abuse or neglect is substantiated. Nonetheless, researchers who study how these investigations affect families describe them as terrifying and isolating. In Colorado, the number of child abuse and neglect reports has increased 42% in the past decade and reached a record 117,762 last year, according to state data. Roughly 100,000 other calls to the hotline weren't counted as reports because they were requests for information or were about matters like child support or adult protection, say officials from the Colorado Department of Human Services. These calls don't reflect a surge in mistreatment. More than two-thirds of the reports received by agencies in Colorado don't meet the threshold for investigation. Families needs material assistance, resources, housing and child care, rather than surveillance, punishment and criminal records. Unfounded reports disproportionately harm families that are poor, Black, or Indigenous, or have members with disabilities.

Parenting - Single Parents

Child Protective Services agencies inspect the homes of roughly 3.5 million children annually. Only about 5% are ultimately found to have been physically or sexually abused. This scene plays out an average of more than 150 times a day — tens of thousands of times a year — across New York, overwhelmingly in the neighborhoods with the most Black and Hispanic residents, according to ACS data. By law, ACS caseworkers are not allowed to enter and search a home without either permission to enter or an entry order, which is the legal equivalent of a search warrant, unless a child is in imminent danger. But many parents don’t know that they have the right to deny these government agents or don’t push back for fear of losing their children, according to parents and their advocates. And caseworkers frequently say things that are coercive and manipulative in order to get inside homes without going to a judge, according to interviews with more than three dozen former ACS workers, New York City Family Court judges, parents, children and attorneys. ProPublica and NBC News investigation found that the agency obtains an average of fewer than 94 entry orders a year to inspect homes, meaning it has a warrant less than 0.2% of the time. One mother said she came to fear that sound of CPS workers knock, knowing the humiliating drill that would follow. Nearly every time, caseworkers would examine the contents of her refrigerator and cabinets, noting what she lacked, and scrutinize the cleanliness of her floors and how she organized her clothes, her case records show. In one report, they gave as evidence of child maltreatment that she had let her bedroom get “dusty and stuffy” and hadn’t disposed of “a large garbage bag.” Then they would instruct her children to lift up their shirts and pull down their pants, leaving their underwear on, to look for bruises, scrapes and scratches, she said. Rather than being saved from harm, most children are forced to watch as their moms and dads are “humiliated, rendered powerless and turned into second-class citizens in their own homes.

Child Protection is the protection of children from violence, exploitation, abuse and neglect. Article 19 of the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child provides for the protection of children in and out of the home. Child protection systems are a set of usually government-run services designed to protect children and young people who are underage and to encourage family stability.

Cinderella Effect is the phenomenon of higher incidence of different forms of child-abuse and mistreatment by stepparents than by biological parents.

Punishment - School Punishments - Confinement (prisons)

More than 1 in 3 children in the United States will be the subject of a child abuse and neglect by the time they turn 18, according to the most frequently cited estimate, a 2017 study funded by the Department of Health and Human Services' Children's Bureau.

Child Abuse Affects Brain wiring. Impaired neural connections may explain profound and long-lasting effects of traumatic experiences during childhood.

Family Separation: Last Week Tonight with John Oliver (HBO) (youtube)

"Have Conversations and not just Dictations" - Child Development

Risk of Injury to a Minor makes it a crime to place a child under the age of 16 in a situation where that child is at risk of life endangerment, injury to health or moral impairment, or to otherwise do anything likely to cause impairment to that child's health or morals. Charge involves either endangering or impairing the health or morals of a minor (anyone under 16). Therefore, it can be used under any number of circumstances. A Felony Crime - Risk of Injury subsection, C.G.S. 53-21(a)(1).

Children Exposed to Violence

Witnessing Violence in high school as bad as being Bullied. Being a bystander of high-school violence, or any violence any where, can be as damaging to mental health as being directly bullied or being a victim of a crime. Witnessing minor violence, threats and insults, predicted increases in drug use, social anxiety, depressive symptoms, and decreases in engagement and participation at school. Students who witness violence in school at age 13 are at later risk of psycho-social and academic impairment at age 15.

Bystanders will intervene to help victims of aggressive public disputes. Third-party conflict resolution is a human universal; similar results across three different countries. Bystanders will intervene in nine out of 10 public fights to help victims of aggression and violence reveals the largest ever study of real-life conflicts captured by CCTV. The findings overturn the impression of the 'walk on by society' where victims are ignored by bystanders. The consistent helping rate found across different national and urban contexts supports earlier research 'suggesting that third-party conflict resolution is a human universal, with a plausible evolutionary basis.'

Children's Rights Council
Juvenile & Family Court Judges - 800.527.3223
Support Guide Lines
United Nations for Children (Unicef)
Child Law - Self Defense
Healthy Children
Child Mind

Legislative Task Force on Child Protection was created by the 2015 Legislature to: Review the efforts being made to implement the recommendations of the Governor's Task Force on the Protection of Children, including a review of the roles and functions of the Office of Ombudsperson for Families; Expand the efforts into related areas of the child welfare system; Work with the commissioner of human services and community partners to establish and evaluate child protection grants to address disparities in child welfare pursuant to Minnesota Statutes, section 256E.28; Identify additional area s within the child welfare system that need to be addressed by the legislature. Review and recommend alternatives to law enforcement responding to a maltreatment report by removing the child, and evaluate situations in which it may be appropriate for a social worker or other child protection worker to remove the child from the home; and clarify the definition of "substantial child endangerment," and provide language in bill form by January 1, 2017.

Missing Kids - 800.843.5678
Unidentified Missing Persons System
Missing Persons Network
Human Trafficking (Polaris Project) - 888.373.7888

Parental Alienation is the process, and the result, of the psychological manipulation of a child into showing unwarranted fear, disrespect or hostility towards a parent or other family members. It is a distinctive and widespread form of psychological abuse and family violence—towards both the child and the rejected family members—that occurs almost exclusively in association with family separation or divorce (particularly where legal action is involved) and that undermines core principles of both the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child. Most commonly, the primary cause is a parent wishing to exclude another parent from the life of their child, but other family members or friends, as well as professionals involved with the family (including psychologists, lawyers and judges), may contribute significantly to the process. It often leads to the long-term, or even permanent, estrangement of a child from one parent and other family members and, as a particularly adverse childhood experience, results in significantly increased risks of both mental and physical illness for children.

Psychological Abuse - Work–Life Balance

Child Abandonment is the practice of relinquishing interests and claims over one's offspring in an extralegal way with the intent of never again resuming or reasserting them. Causes include many social and cultural factors as well as mental illness. An abandoned child is called a foundling (as opposed to a runaway or an orphan). Baby dumping refers to parents abandoning or discarding a child younger than 12 months in a public or private place with the intent of disposing of them. It is also known as rehoming in cases of failed adoptions. Safe-Haven Law.

Neglect is the willful lack of attention and due care. Fail to attend to responsibilities or neglecting responsibilities and lacking concern. Failure to act with the prudence that a reasonable person would exercise under the same circumstances. Neglect is not doing something or leaving something undone. Negligence.

Child Neglect is a form of child abuse, and is a deficit in meeting a child's basic needs, including the failure to provide adequate health care, supervision, clothing, nutrition, housing as well as their physical, emotional, social, educational and safety needs. Society generally believes there are necessary behaviors a caregiver must provide in order for a child to develop physically, socially, and emotionally. Causes of neglect may result from several parenting problems including mental disorders, substance abuse, domestic violence, unemployment, unplanned pregnancy, single parenting, and poverty.

Forsake is to leave someone who needs you and counts on you. To abandon or desert someone in need.

Gatekeeper Parent is a term sometimes utilized in the legal arena to refer to a parent who appoints themself the power to decide what relationship is acceptable between the other parent and the child(ren). The term is broad and may refer to power dynamics within a marriage or may describe the behaviors of divorced or never married parents.

Estranged is a person who is no longer close or affectionate to someone. No positive feeling of liking. To turn away from a previously held state of affection. The lack of love and the absence of emotion or enthusiasm. Socially disoriented. Alienated or caused to be unloved. Disaffect or arouse hostility or indifference in where there had formerly been love, affection, or friendliness. Estrangement is the separation resulting from hostility. The feeling of being alienated from other people. Guns N' Roses "Estranged" Lyrics (youtube).

Family Estrangement is the physical or emotional distancing between at least two family members in an arrangement which is usually considered unsatisfactory by at least one involved party. Family estrangements can be attributed to any of several factors within the family, such as attachment disorders, differing values and beliefs, disappointment, major life events or change, or poor communication. In one typical scenario, an adult child ceases contact with his or her parents and possibly other family members as the adult child transitions into adulthood. In another scenario, an intolerant parent casts out an adult child because of life choices. In both cases, the family estrangement may create an intergenerational rift that can persist for years and replicate itself in subsequent generations.

Ignored - Silent Treatment - Censorship - Cold Shoulder - Ghosting - Isolation - Estranged - Parenting - Single Parents - Effects on Children - Dumbing Down Education - Discrimination - Controlling Historical Facts

Emotionally Indifferent or emotional numbing, or emotional blunting, dissociation, depersonalization, or in its chronic form, depersonalization disorder. This type of emotional numbing or blunting is a disconnection from emotion, it is frequently used as a coping/ survival skill during traumatic childhood events such as abuse or severe neglect. Over time and with much use, this can become second nature when dealing with day to day stressors. Emotional detachment often arises from psychological trauma and is a component in many anxiety and stress disorders. The person, while physically present, moves elsewhere in the mind, and in a sense is "not entirely present", making them sometimes appear preoccupied. Thus, such detachment is often not as outwardly obvious as other psychiatric symptoms; people with this problem often have emotional systems that are in overdrive. They may have a hard time being a loving family member. They may avoid activities, places, and people associated with any traumatic events they have experienced. The dissociation can also lead to lack of attention and, hence, to memory problems and in extreme cases, amnesia. A fictional description of the experience of emotional detachment experienced with dissociation and depersonalization was given by Virginia Woolf in Mrs Dalloway. In that novel the multifaceted sufferings of a war veteran, Septimus Warren Smith, with post-traumatic stress disorder (as this condition was later named) including dissociation, are elaborated in detail. One clinician has called some passages from the novel "classic" portrayals of the symptoms. Toxic Leadership.

Disownment is the formal act or condition of forcibly renouncing or no longer accepting one's consanguineous child as a member of one's family or kin.

Effects on Children - How parenting can effect child development.

Isolation to Facilitate Abuse is often used to facilitate power and control over someone for an abusive purpose. This applies in many contexts such as workplace bullying, elder abuse, domestic abuse, child abuse, and cults. Isolation reduces the opportunity of the abused to be rescued or escape from the abuse. It also helps disorientate the abused and makes the abused more dependent on the abuser. The degree of power and control over the abused is contingent upon the degree of their physical or emotional isolation. Isolation of the victim from the outside world is an important element of psychological control. Isolation includes controlling a person's social activity: whom they see, whom they talk to, where they go and any other method to limit their access to others. It may also include limiting what material is read. It can include insisting on knowing where they are and requiring permission for medical care. The abuser exhibits hypersensitive and reactive jealousy. Isolation can be aided by: Economic abuse thus limiting the victim's actions as they may then lack the necessary resources to resist or escape from the abuse. Smearing or discrediting the abused amongst their community so the abused does not get help or support from others. Divide and conquer. Gaslighting and mind control. Various isolation techniques may be used by cults: Separating from family and community. Taking control of the handling of the victim's resources and property. Undoing or mind control. Physical isolation extortion/dependency tactics. Controlling victim's access to necessities.

Parental Alienation and Partner Abuse are two sides of same coin, says social psychologist. According to a new study, parental alienating behaviors and coercively controlling abuse are similar, and should be treated similarly in family court proceedings. Abusive intimate relationships are sometimes characterized by a power imbalance, with the abuser maintaining control over the abused party by limiting their financial, social and other choices. This is known as coercive control, or battery when severe physical abuse is involved. But what happens when the abuser uses the couple's children as a weapon of control?

Improving education would be the best inoculation against abuse. Schools have more time with children than most parents do.

If you are a victim of abuse, try to pretend that it's a game. The game is when the other player tries to make you feel horrible, you win the game by ignoring their abuse and by not being emotionally effected by the abuse. It's like self defense apathy. It's not that you don't care or refuse to empathize with other people, you just don't care to feel horrible when someone treats you badly. You have no time for feeling horrible. There is so much good in you, that you naturally feel the need to express and share that positive energy. But you also have to stay aware of the negative energy. Understanding the polarity between good and bad, gives us balance. But polarity can also cause division when the lines are blurred or distorted that help us to define good from bad and define right from wrong. The reason why prison guards die so young is because the stress of witnessing people being abused is extremely traumatic. This stress is so damaging that it shortens their life. Prison guards are suffering from imprisonment in a different way. Witnessing abuse can be just as harmful as being abused. When I witness a public servant acting abusive, I see a child who has been abused. This child has suffered from a traumatic experience that had negative effects on their development. An abused child will sometimes grow to be an abusive adult. And like a virus, abusive people try the infect others with abuse so that the virus of abuse gets passed on from generation to generation.

Signs and Symptoms of Abuse and Neglect

Behavioral Clues: Excessive crying or developmental delay, fear, anxiety, clinging, phobias, nightmares, sleeping problems, bed wetting, social withdrawal, hyperactivity, poor concentration/distractibility, decreased school performance, chronic school absenteeism, speech disorders, regressive behavior for age, seems afraid of parent, eating issues, depression, passivity, increased verbal abuse or physically, aggressive behavior with others, destroys or injures objects or pets, substance abuse, self-harm such as cutting, sexualized behavior, symptoms of PTSD, avoidance of undressing, withdrawal to touch, afraid of exam, overly compliant, especially with difficult or painful parts of the exam. Physical Symptom Clues: headaches, abdominal pain, chronic abdominal pain, acute – blunt trauma may not show external marks – look for distention, tenderness, absent bowel sounds, vague somatic complaints, often chronic worsening medical problems, such as asthma, frequent, unexplained sore throat, abnormal weight gain or loss, reluctance to use an extremity, difficulty walking or sitting, genital discomfort or painful urination or defecation, unexplained symptoms - look for poisoning, forced ingestion of water, salt (Munchausen by proxy), vomiting, irritability or abnormal respiration may represent head trauma. Physical Clues: poor hygiene, dressed inappropriately for weather, failure to thrive, poor weight gain, malnutrition, lack of care of medical needs; wound care, medication, see fractures, dislocations, see bruising, defensive injuries on forearms, bites - human bites are more superficial than animal, and show up better 2-3 days later, burns – (in 6-20% of abused children) cigarette, rope, immersion, or shape of hot object is the severity of the burn consistent with length of contact by history? cigarette burns circular, 8-10mm deep, heaped margin - may be confused with impetigo or moxibustion, stun gun burns occur in pairs, 0.5cm diameter and 5cm apart, immersion burns have sharp line of demarcation without drip or splash marks, signs of restraints on axilla or extremities, trauma to ear, lacerations, traumatic hair loss, facial injuries without good explanation, oral/dental injuries, such as torn or bruised frenulum, lips, teeth, palate, tongue or oral mucosa, injuries from non-ambulatory child may be "bottle jamming", lacerations or tissue damage to oral structures may come from eating utensils, scalding or caustic liquids, scarring/bruising at corners of mouth from being gagged, oral injuries/STDs from forced oral sex, head injury, mental status change, retinal hemorrhage, subdural hematoma, intra-abdominal trauma, usually to multiple organs, bruising, tearing, bleeding, discharge from genital or rectal area, diagnosed STD or pregnancy. Low self-esteem, Feeling that the abuse is their fault when it is not. Physical evidence of violence such as bruising, cuts, broken bones. Verbal abuse and humiliation in front of others. Fear of outside intervention. Damage to home or property. Isolation – not seeing friends and family. The child is lacking adequate medical or dental care. The child is often sleepy or hungry. Begging, stealing food. Extended stays at school; early arrival and late departure. Constant fatigue, listlessness or falling asleep in class. States there is no caretaker. Obvious malnourishment, listlessness or fatigue. Stealing or begging for food. Lack of personal care – poor personal hygiene, torn and/or dirty clothes. Untreated need for glasses, dental care or other medical attention. Changes in behavior — such as aggression, anger, hostility or hyperactivity — or changes in school performance. Depression, anxiety or unusual fears, or a sudden loss of self-confidence. Sleep problems and nightmares. An apparent lack of supervision. Affectional neglect may have devastating consequences, including failure to thrive, developmental delay, hyperactivity, aggression, depression, low self-esteem, running away from home, substance abuse, and a host of other emotional disorders. These children feel unloved and unwanted. Caregivers experiencing high levels of parenting stress or economic stress. Caregivers who use spanking and other forms of corporal punishment for discipline. Caregivers in the home who are not a biological parent. Caregivers with attitudes accepting of or justifying violence or aggression. the parent or caregiver is not providing the child with all of the basic necessities like food, clothing and shelter. In some cases, young children are left without proper supervision for extended periods of time. Cold parenting is referred to as a parenting style where the parents of a child are rather indifferent to him/her and take little interest in his/her activities. Cold parenting is also called involved or neglectful parenting where a parent is unresponsive or negligent towards the needs of a child. Passive neglect – the failure by a caregiver to provide a person with the necessities of life including, but not limited to, food, clothing, shelter, or medical care, because of failure to understand the person's needs, lack of awareness of services to help meet needs, or lack of capacity to care for the person. The silent treatment is a refusal to verbally communicate with another person, a way of withholding connection. Blocked care (also known as compassion fatigue) is when a parent, following repeated rejected attempts to support their child, becomes emotionally unavailable.

Bullying - Picking on Someone

Bullying is the use of force, threat, or coercion to abuse, intimidate, or aggressively dominate others. The behavior is often repeated and habitual. One essential prerequisite is the perception, by the bully or by others, of an imbalance of social or physical power, which distinguishes bullying from conflict. Behaviors used to assert such domination can include verbal harassment or threat, physical assault or coercion, and such acts may be directed repeatedly towards particular targets. Rationalizations for such behavior sometimes include differences of social class, race, religion, gender, sexual orientation, appearance, behavior, body language, personality, reputation, lineage, strength, size or ability. If bullying is done by a group, it is called mobbing. Pick on someone your own size. Self Defense.

Cyber Bullying - Internet Trolls - Attack Adds

Criticizing - Comments - Sexual Harassment - Intimidate - Nitpicking - Hypocrite - Toxic Leadership - Control Freak - Obsessive Compulsive - Megalomania.

Bullying - Child Bullying - Threats - Violence

Mock is to tease or laugh at someone in a scornful or disrespectful manner. To make fun of someone or mimic someone with a lack of respect. To look down on someone through mimicry or parody. Mock can also mean that something is not authentic or real, but without the intention to deceive.

Humiliate is to cause someone to feel shame or to hurt their pride. Causing awareness of perceived shortcomings.

Cyberbullying rarely occurs in isolation, research finds most bullying is face-to-face

Bullying Culture is the context or venue in which a bullying pattern of behavior is ordinary or routine. It is about an imbalance of social, physical or other power involving a person or group. The culture of bullying includes daily activities and the way people relate to each other. A bullying culture emphasizes a winner/loser way of thinking. It also encourages domination and aggression.

Apps to stop Bullying: We Heart it - Bullying App

#StopBullyingNow By: Jonathan Cleveland (youtube) - To This Day (video)

A Staggering Number Of Young Teens Face Bullies And Violence In School. Fully half the world's students aged 13 to 15, or 150 million teens, reported that they'd been bullied in the past month or been in a physical fight in the past year, according to a new report from UNICEF. In addition, half of all children live in countries that allow some forms of corporal punishment in school, putting 720 million kids at risk of violence from their teachers. Punishment.

Bad advice for bullying victims that some people give: Quit or get out of the situation -- 27 percent. Ignore it or blow it off -- 23 percent. Fight or stand up to the bully -- 17 percent. Stay calm -- 10 percent. Report the bullying -- 10 percent.

Good advice for persons being bullied: When you try to help someone who has been bullied, some of the best things that family members, friends, and colleagues can do is to simply listen without judgment and help the person work through available options. First thing to do is to make sure the victim of the bullying is not traumatized and that they feel safe, and also, they are not blaming themselves for the abuse. Next is to start looking for an ally and developing a strategy. You might first attempt to reason with the bully and try to explain to them how wrong they are. Ask the bully what do they want from you, and ask why they are treating you unfairly? Sometimes when bullies act out it may be a cry for help, because acting out could be a sign that the bully themselves has suffered some kind of abuse. So if the first attempts to reason with someone fails then other methods of communication must be attempted. Don't over react, and remember that two wrongs don't make a right. But that doesn't mean that shouldn't have fun teaching a bully a lesson. Make a game of it, just make sure that no one gets hurt and that you don't make a situation worse or more dangerous then it needs to be. Be brave but don't be careless. Sometimes just ignoring a bully can show them that you are strong and not easily provoked, so the bully may think that you are not worth the time and effort and then give up on the harassment. But sometimes doing nothing might not be an option, because this might encourage someone to continue this bad behavior. And we certainly don't need more as*holes growing up to become bad people or becoming bad politicians, because we have too many of those already.

Make friends with people who can protect you. Bodyguard - Chaperone - Guardian Angel - Conservator - Parent

"May you always get what you need, but never what you expect to receive or what you never intended to receive."

No one deserves to suffer pain, no one deserves to be abused, no one deserves to be neglected or ignored, no one deserves to be punished, and no one deserves to die. These things are just a horrible reality of life at the moment. But they don't have to be. And it makes no sense to make things worse by believing that you are worthless or that you deserve the horrible things that happen to you, because that is a lie. You have control over your thoughts. But you have to learn how to exercise that control and make the control over the mind strong. You will eventually have control over your life. Not total control, but enough control to avoid unnecessary suffering. You need to learn how to control your thoughts, and you need to learn how to help others from losing control of their minds. When you accomplish this, you will stop the pain that you afflict on yourself and you will stop the pain that others afflict on you. Language is the tool the mind uses to control reality. You need a large high quality vocabulary and the skills to use words effectively and efficiently.

What do you deserve? You deserve to know the truth about everything important that effects you. You deserve to be intelligent. You deserve safety, freedom and peace. You deserve respect and to be treated fairly. You deserved to be loved. But you can't expect these things to happen on their own. Sometimes you have to fight for your rights, like others did before you.

Shaming is trying to make someone feel bad about an unfortunate situation that they are experiencing, which does more to reveal the ignorance of the person who is doing the shamming then it does to help understand a particular persons situation. Types of Shaming: School Lunch Shaming, Body Shaming, Clothes Shaming, Poverty Shaming, Belief Shaming, Personality Shaming, Type of Work Shaming, Name Shaming, Parent Shaming, Mistake Shaming, Slow Learning Shaming, Disability Shaming, and so on.

"You never look good when you're trying to make someone else look bad."

"Strong people don't put others down, they lift them up." Empathy.

Swatting is a criminal harassment tactic of deceiving an emergency service into sending a police and emergency service response team to another person's address. This is triggered by false reporting of a serious law enforcement emergency, such as a bomb threat, murder, hostage situation, or other alleged incident. Anger.

It would be a lot more effective and efficient to fix the problems that our poor education system is causing then to just treat the social diseases that it creates. So why do we have to keep making Laws in order to make up for our inadequate dysfunctional education system? We need a More Quality Education and Less Restrictions and Less Regulations. If this ugly behavior is not understood how ignorant it is, then those people will grow up to be bad people who won't even know that they're scumbags.

Social Attacks - Prejudice

Brabant is pushing someone’s buttons, tease them until they snap or get angry.

Antagonize is to provoke hostility. Annoy continually or chronically. To hurt someone's feelings. Act in opposition to.

Vexation is anger produced by some annoying irritation. The psychological state of being irritated or annoyed. Something or someone that causes anxiety; a source of unhappiness. The act of troubling or annoying someone.

Verbal Abuse is described as a negative defining statement told to the victim or about the victim, or by withholding any response, thereby defining the target as non-existent. If the abuser does not immediately apologize and retract the defining statement, the relationship may be a verbally abusive one.

Hate - Profanity - Propaganda

Name Calling is a form of verbal abuse in which insulting or demeaning labels are directed at an individual or group.

Psychological Abuse is a form of abuse, characterized by a person subjecting, or exposing, another person to behavior that may result in psychological trauma, including anxiety, chronic depression, or post-traumatic stress disorder. Such abuse is often associated with situations of power imbalance, such as abusive relationships, bullying, gas-lighting, and abuse in the workplace.

Taunting is a sarcastic remark, gesture, or insult intended to demoralize the recipient, or to anger them and encourage reactionary behaviors without thinking.

Hazing is the practice of rituals, challenges, and other activities involving harassment, abuse or humiliation used as a way of initiating a person into a group including a new fraternity, sorority, team, or club. Authority Abuse.

Initiation is a rite of passage marking entrance or acceptance into a group or society. It could also be a formal admission to adulthood in a community or one of its formal components. In an extended sense it can also signify a transformation in which the initiate is 'reborn' into a new role. Mind Control - Manipulative Training - Accessory.

Teasing can be playful or hurtful, and educative. Teasing can have a variety of effects, depending on how it is utilized and its intended effect. When teasing is playful and friendly, and especially when it is reciprocal, teasing can be regarded as flirting. When teasing is unwelcome, it may be regarded as harassment or mobbing, especially in the work place and school, or as a form of bullying or emotional abuse. If done in public, it may be regarded as humiliation. Teasing can also be regarded as educative when it is used as a way of informal learning.

"Baby, baby, stick your head in gravy, wash it out with bubblegum and send it to the navy."

Joking around - Bad Jokes can Hurt - Bullying

Banter is the playful and friendly exchange of teasing remarks. To talk or exchange remarks in a good-humored teasing way. Light teasing with skillful cleverness in reply. To be silly or tease one another.

Needle Someone is to annoy or provoke a person in some way. To keep saying things to make someone angry.

Picking on Someone is to repeatedly single out someone for blame, criticism, or unkind treatment in a way perceived to be unfair.

Beleaguered is to annoy or to be annoyed persistently.

is to disturb or irritate someone into an abnormal condition.

Oh Yeah is a remark that is used to express a threatening or taunting reaction.

Remark is to speak of something or say something to bring other people's attention to something. A statement that expresses a personal opinion or a belief or adds information to something.

Oh Yeah is a reaction used when suddenly remembering something. Used as an interjection to affirm something, usually enthusiastically. Used as interjection to express interest in something that someone is saying.

Kidding Around is to be silly or to joke around or to tease someone. To tell false information about someone for fun. To engage in lighthearted behavior, such as making jokes.


Death Threat is a threat, often made anonymously, by one person or a group of people to kill another person or group of people. These threats are often designed to intimidate victims in order to manipulate their behavior, and thus a death threat can be a form of coercion. For example, a death threat could be used to dissuade a public figure from pursuing a criminal investigation or an advocacy campaign. In most jurisdictions, death threats are a serious type of criminal offense. Death threats are often covered by coercion statutes. For instance, the coercion statute in Alaska says: A person commits the crime of coercion if the person compels another to engage in conduct from which there is a legal right to abstain or abstain from conduct in which there is a legal right to engage, by means of instilling in the person who is compelled a fear that, if the demand is not complied with, the person who makes the demand or another may inflict physical injury on anyone. Making a threat is usually a misdemeanor unless the situation involves a deadly weapon, the threat of a deadly weapon, or stalking. Both of these can lead to felony charges. If the threat is serious enough, and it is believed that you could actually carry out the threat, then you may be charged with a crime. Depending on the severity of the threat, you could be facing misdemeanor or felony charges. If convicted, you could spend time in jail or prison.

Violence - Self Defense - Free Speech Abuse

Criminal Threatening is intentional behavior that "would cause a person of ordinary sensibilities" fear of injury or harm. It is not necessary to prove that the behavior was so violent as to cause terror or that the victim was actually frightened.

Threat is a statement of an intention to inflict pain, injury, damage, or other hostile action on someone in retribution for something done or not done. Threat is a communicated intent to inflict harm or loss on another person. A threat is considered an act of coercion. Threats (intimidation) are widely observed in animal behavior, particularly in a ritualized form, chiefly in order to avoid the unnecessary physical violence that can lead to physical damage or death of both conflicting parties.

Threatening Violence is any person who—(a) with intent to intimidate or annoy any person, by words or conduct threatens to enter or damage a dwelling or other premises; or (b) with intent to alarm any person, discharges loaded firearms or does any other act that is likely to cause any person in the vicinity to fear bodily harm to any person or damage to property; Commits a crime.

Bullying - Legal Threat - Threats from Police - HarassmentIntimidate - Slander

Despotism is dominance through threat of punishment and violence. A form of government in which the ruler is an absolute dictator who is not restricted by a constitution, laws or opposition.

Bomb Threat is a threat, usually verbal or written, to detonate an explosive or incendiary device to cause property damage, death, injuries, and/or incite fear, whether or not such a device actually exists.

True Threat is a threatening communication that can be prosecuted under the law. It is distinct from a threat that is made in jest. The U.S. Supreme Court has held that true threats are not protected under the U.S. Constitution based on three justifications: preventing fear, preventing the disruption that follows from that fear, and diminishing the likelihood that the threatened violence will occur. There is some concern that even satirical speech could be regarded as a "true threat" due to concern over terrorism.

Terroristic Threat is a threat to commit a crime of violence or a threat to cause bodily injury to another person and terrorization as the result of the proscribed conduct. Several U.S. states have enacted statutes which impose criminal liability for "terroristic threatening" or "making a terroristic threat.

Inchoate Offense is a crime of preparing for or seeking to commit another crime.

Intimidate is to make someone fearful or afraid and have a lack of confidence. To deter someone using threats.

Provoke - Incite - TV Programing Threats - False Flag

Intimidation is intentional behavior that would cause a person to experience fear of injury or harm. It is not necessary to prove that the behavior was so violent as to cause terror or that the victim was actually frightened. Threat, criminal threatening (or threatening behavior) is the crime of intentionally or knowingly putting another person in fear of bodily injury. "Threat of harm generally involves a perception of injury...physical or mental damage...act or instance of injury, or a material and detriment or loss to a person." "A terroristic threat is a crime generally involving a threat to commit violence communicated with the intent to terrorize other." "Intimidation" is the name of a criminal offense in several U.S. states.

Harassment - Frivolous Lawsuits - Coercion - Extortion - Slander

Menacing is a criminal offense in many U.S. states generally defined as displaying a weapon with the intent of placing another person in fear of imminent physical injury or death. Depending on state, degrees of offense range from a misdemeanor for first-time offenders, to low- to mid-level felonies for offenders with a prior menacing charge. Self-defense is often explicitly given as an exception. The tangentially related crime of "Menacing By Stalking" was introduced as a new charge in some states following the popularization of laws specifically targeting stalking behavior, in which a perpetrator adopts a long-term pattern of actions designed to frighten and harass a victim while still adhering to the letter of existing harassment laws.

Aggravated Menacing states that no person shall knowingly cause another to believe that the offender will cause serious physical harm to the person or property of the other person, the other person's unborn, or a member of the other person's immediate family. (B) Whoever violates this section is guilty of aggravated menacing.

Deter is to try to prevent someone from doing something; to show opposition to. To make someone turn away using persuasion. Criticize.

Discourage is to try to prevent someone from doing something; to show opposition to. To deprive someone of courage or hope.

Admonish is to reprimand or express disapproval. Warn strongly; put on guard.

Reprimand is to rebuke formally or censure someone severely or angrily. An act or expression of criticism and censure.

Conformity - Cults - Peer Pressure - Oppression (suppress)

When is a threat a "true threat?" Demonization and threats of physical violence and actual physical violence. What does the prosecution have to prove? Does it have to show that the defendant intended to frighten his target, or is it enough to show that his words would have that effect on a reasonable person? The First Amendment protects freedom of speech, but there are exceptions — obscenity, fighting words, shouting "fire" in a crowded theater and what the court has called "true threats." The question in this case is whether the definition of a "true threat" is in the eye of the ordinary, reasonable beholder or in the eye of the writer of the messages. The psychological effects of threatening behavior is frequently far worse than an actual assault.

Abuse - Torture - Cruelty - Suffering

Interventions (behavior)

Reckless Endangerment is a type of crime involving conduct that is wrongful and reckless or wanton, and likely to produce death or grievous bodily harm to another person. There are several kinds of endangerment, each of which is a criminal act that can be prosecuted in a court. In some U.S. states, such as Florida, substantially similar language is used for the crime of Culpable negligence. The offense is intended to prohibit and therefore deter reckless or wanton conduct that wrongfully creates a substantial risk of death or serious injury to others. Various laws specify several types of endangerment: Child endangerment and animal endangerment: placing a child or animal in a potentially harmful situation, either through negligence or misconduct. Reckless endangerment: A person commits the crime of reckless endangerment if the person recklessly engages in conduct which creates a substantial risk of serious physical injury to another person. “Reckless” conduct is conduct that exhibits a culpable disregard of foreseeable consequences to others from the act or omission involved. The accused need not intentionally cause a resulting harm. The ultimate question is whether, under all the circumstances, the accused’s conduct was of that heedless nature that made it actually or imminently dangerous to the rights or safety of others. Public endangerment is usually applied to crimes which place the public in some form of danger, although that danger can be more or less severe according to the crime. It is punished most frequently in Canada.

The Monster Study was a stuttering experiment performed on 22 orphan children in Davenport, Iowa in 1939. Half of the children received positive speech therapy, praising the fluency of their speech, and the other half, negative speech therapy, belittling the children for speech imperfections. Many of the normal speaking orphan children who received negative therapy in the experiment suffered negative psychological effects and some retained speech problems for the rest of their lives.

Pit of Despair was research to produce an animal model of clinical depression.

Mothers Against Drunk Driving - 800.438.6233

Cooperative Educational Services

Related Subject Pages - Handling Stress - Traumatic Events - Stress - Trauma - Anxiety - Punishment Failures - Assessments - Counseling - Behavior Resources - Mental Illness in Prisons - Physical Health - Volunteering - Society Crimes - Self Defense - Martial Arts - Lawyers - Legal Help Websites - Society and Laws - Consumer Protection - Postal Inspectors Office.

Crime Statistics - Facts and Numbers

Death Rates by Country GraphCities Crime Rate List is based on Federal Bureau of Investigation Uniform Crime Reports statistics from 2017 for the top 100 most populous cities in America that have reported data to the FBI UCR system. The population numbers are based on U.S. Census estimates for the year end. The number of murders includes non-negligent manslaughter. This list is based on the reporting. In most cases, the city and the reporting agency are identical. However, in some cases such as Charlotte, Honolulu, and Las Vegas, the reporting agency has more than one municipality. Murder is the only statistic that all agencies are required to report. Consequently, some agencies do not report all the crimes. If components are missing the total is adjusted to 0. Often, one obtains very different results depending on whether crime rates are measured for the city jurisdiction or the metropolitan area. Information is voluntarily submitted by each jurisdiction and some jurisdictions do not appear in the table because they either did not submit data or they did not meet deadlines. The FBI website has this disclaimer on population estimates: For the 2009 population estimates used in this table, the FBI computed individual rates of growth from one year to the next for every city/town and county using 2000 decennial population counts and 2001 through 2009 population estimates from the U.S. Census Bureau. Each agency’s rates of growth were averaged; that average was then applied and added to its 2008 Census population estimate to derive the agency’s 2009 population estimate.

Bureau of Justice Statistics. The imprisonment rate for sentenced prisoners under state or federal jurisdiction rose 152% from 1985 to 2007 (from 201 to 506 prisoners per 100,000 U.S. residents) and then fell 13% from 2007 to 2017 (from 506 to 440), to reach its lowest point since 1996. According to the FBI’s Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) program, the violent crime rate rose from 1985 to 1991, peaking at 758 reported violent crimes per 100,000 U.S. residents. Based on the UCR, the violent crime rate in 2014 was the lowest in recent decades, at 362 reported crimes per 100,000 residents, a 52% reduction from the high point in 1991. The 7% increase in the violent crime rate from 2014 to 2016, per the UCR, was the largest increase over a 2-year period in a quarter-century (since the increase from 1989 to 1991).

Crimes and Justice Stats - CIUS - FBI - Trulia

United Nations Drugs & Crimes - Bank Crimes Statistics - Gun Crimes

The U.S. Secret Service's National Threat Assessment Center - MASS ATTACKS IN PUBLIC SPACES - 2019 - Nearly three-quarters of assailants used guns to carry out mass-casualty attacks between 2016 and 2020.

National Crime Information Center is the United States' central database for tracking crime-related information. The NCIC has been an information sharing tool since 1967. It is maintained by the Criminal Justice Information Services Division (CJIS) of the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) and is interlinked with federal, tribal, state, and local agencies and offices.

National Criminal Justice Reference

Singapore has some of the lowest crimes rates in the world, with petty crimes such as pickpocketing and street theft rarely occurring, and violent crime being extremely rare. Penalties for drug offences such as trafficking in Singapore are severe, and include the death penalty.

Crime statistics always fall short of telling us the whole story. One reason is that most crime stats only show the crimes that were reported and not all the other crimes that go on unreported. They also don’t list the crimes that go on behind closed doors. Why do towns and cities sometimes report that crime is down when it actually means that crime was just up? So how much crime is there now and how much crime was there? Stop this bullshit reporting and cherry-picking data. People need facts and truth, not some bullshit factoid disguised as good news.

The mainstream media covers crime as though the country is in the middle of some kind of crisis or crime wave. People defacto accepting the political narrative — especially, but not exclusively, the Republican narrative, using propaganda phrases such as "tough on crime" or "law and order". They're basing that on a very distorted set of data the police themselves are manipulating and curating for their own political reasons. Police unions are deeply Republican political entities, most often found lobbying against criminal justice reform and progressive prosecutors. Republicans continue to be seen by many voters as better on crime, when in fact they are the worlds biggist criminals. Murder, robbery, rape, aggravated assault, larceny, burglary, auto theft, and arson. Even shoplifting tampons or diapers counts as crime, but tax evasion, environmental crimes, and wage theft do not, and wage theft is a problem about five times the magnitude of shoplifting that costs workers $50 billion a year. And on top of that, brown people are policed and arrested at much higher levels than white people.

Crimes by Police - Crime Victim Help - Help Guide

In 2015, there were an estimated 7,993,631 property crime offenses in the nation.

Uniform Crime Reporting - Uniform Crime Reports

Police Blotter is a book that records arrests and other facts and events in a police station, on a daily basis. Arrests are recorded in a police blotter as they occur. Police blotter is a daily register of arrests and other events in a police station that is maintained by the desk sergeant, includes people arrested or brought in for questioning to a police station. Police Blotter is a slang term that is used in police practice and procedures.

Justice Research InfoDeath Penalty

Disaster Center Crime Report - FBI Codis DNA Index

Social Science Research - Crime and Justice Studies

Property Crime is a category of crime that includes, among other crimes, burglary, larceny, theft, motor vehicle theft, arson, shoplifting, and vandalism. Property crime involves the taking of property, and does not involve force or threat of force against a victim. Crimes against property are divided into two groups: destroyed property and stolen property. When property is destroyed, it could be called arson or vandalism. Examples of the act of stealing property is robbery or embezzlement. Although robbery involves taking property, it is classified as a violent crime, as force or threat of force on an individual that is present is involved in contrast to burglary which is typically of an unoccupied dwelling or other unoccupied building.

War machine - Power (dangers and influences)

Excessive use of Force by Police: A survey of academic emergency physicians.

Could Hospital ERs Provide Missing Data On Police Shootings?

Police Brutality

Hospital-Based Violence Intervention Programs.

San Francisco Wraparound Project Violence Intervention Program.

Failure To Protect

Every year in the United States between 4 and 6 million women are victims of interpersonal violence (IPV) - (Kintner, 2005).

Approximately 4 out of 10 abused women live in homes with children under age 12, leading researchers to estimate that between 3 and 10 million children are exposed to IPV annually. 

How the law turns battered women into criminals.

Cradle to Grave Program is a hospital-based violence prevention program - Temple University Health System.

We need to Improve our Police Force by improving the Training and the Quality of Education.

Wanted Poster is a poster distributed to let the public know of an alleged criminal whom authorities wish to apprehend. They will generally include either a picture of the alleged criminal when a photograph is available or of a facial composite image produced by police.

Organized Crime - White Collar - Blue Collar

Over 90% of criminals cases are never heard. Why are there still a lot of crimes going on unreported?

Corruption - Above the Law - Police Misconduct - Sensationalizing Crime Reporting

If you were to list crimes by the amount of damage that particular crime does to society, you would be able to have a better sense of what crimes need to be stopped first. Whether crime is up or down is insignificant when you compare it to the alarming questions of....Why do we still have so much crime? Is it a dysfunctional education system? Is it mental illness? Is it money? And what have we been doing to reduce crimes altogether?

Yearly Cost of Crime in U.S. $2.6 Trillion: First Estimate in 25 Years - Cost of Crime Calculator - Years of Life Lost

Designation of Workers by Collar Color is a set of terms denoting groups of working individuals based on the colors of their collars worn at work.

White-Collar Crime refers to financially motivated nonviolent crime committed by business and government professionals.  Typical white-collar crimes include fraud, bribery, ponzi schemes, insider trading, embezzlement, cybercrime, copyright infringement, money laundering, identity theft, and forgery.

Corporate Crime refers to crimes committed either by a corporation or a business entity having a separate legal personality from the natural persons that manage its activities, or by individuals acting on behalf of a corporation or other business entity.

Corporate Crimes - War Crimes - Monopolies - Government Crimes - False Flag Attacks - Prison Racket - Herd Behavior

Blue-Collar Crime is any crime committed by an individual from a lower social class as opposed to white-collar crime which is associated with crime committed by someone of a higher-level social class. While blue-collar crime has no official legal classification, it holds to a general net group of crimes. These crimes are primarily small scale, for immediate beneficial gain to the individual or group involved in them. This can also include personal related crimes that can be driven by immediate reaction, such as during fights or confrontations. These crimes include but are not limited to: Narcotic production or distribution, sexual assault, theft, burglary, assault or murder.

Organized Crime are local groupings of highly centralized enterprises run by criminals who intend to engage in illegal activity, most commonly for money and profit. Organized Crime is a category of transnational, national, or local groupings of highly centralized enterprises run by criminals to engage in illegal activity, most commonly for profit.

Federal Agencies - Militia - Cartels - RacketsPolice Brutality - Toxic Leadership

Syndicate is a self-organizing group of individuals, companies, corporations or entities formed to transact some specific business, to pursue or promote a shared interest. In most cases formed groups aim to scale up their profits.

Mafia is a criminal syndicate in Sicily, Italy. It is a loose association of criminal groups that share a common organisational structure and code of conduct. The basic group is known as a "family", "clan", or "cosca" or "cosche" in Sicilian. Each family claims sovereignty over a territory, usually a town or village or a neighbourhood (borgata) of a larger city, in which it operates its rackets. Its members call themselves "men of honour", although the public often refers to them as "mafiosi". The mafia's core activities are protection racketeering, the arbitration of disputes between criminals, and the organizing and oversight of illegal agreements and transactions.

Gang is a group of good friends or family with identifiable leadership and internal organization, identifying with or claiming control over territory in a community, and engaging either individually or collectively in illegal or violent behavior. Some criminal gang members are "jumped in" or have to prove their loyalty by committing acts such as theft or violence. A member of a gang may be called a gangster, thug, a politician or a corporate leader.

CompStat - Multilayered Crime Mapping System for Crime Reduction.

Law Case Rulings - Injustice - Unions

There are just too many corrupt people in the world who will do anything to exploit your lack of knowledge. So your only defense is to keep learning and keep seeking information and knowledge from as many sources as possible.

Things in life can look so unbelievable at times, it's hard to believe that it's even true. But then I remember cause and effect. Ignorance causes corruption. If you are ignorant of the fact that you are causing people harm, then you will most likely continue to harm people. If you don't believe that your actions or your behaviors are criminal, then you will most likely continue being a criminal.


Gun is a normally tubular weapon or other device designed to discharge projectiles or other material. The projectile may be solid, liquid, gas or energy and may be free, as with bullets and artillery shells, or captive as with Taser probes and whaling harpoons. The means of projection varies according to design but is usually effected by the action of gas pressure, either produced through the rapid combustion of a propellant or compressed and stored by mechanical means, operating on the projectile inside an open-ended tube in the fashion of a piston. The confined gas accelerates the movable projectile down the length of the tube, imparting sufficient velocity to sustain the projectile's travel once the action of the gas ceases at the end of the tube or muzzle. Alternatively, acceleration via electromagnetic field generation may be employed in which case the tube may be dispensed with and a guide rail substituted. The first devices identified as guns appeared in China around CE 1000. By the 12th century the technology was spreading through the rest of Asia, and into Europe by the 13th century. Weapons used by Police against Citizens.

Firearm is a portable gun or a barreled weapon that launches one or more projectiles, often driven by the action of an explosive force caused by pressure during the discharge of ammunition. The first primitive firearms originated in 13th-century China when the one-person-portable fire lance was combined with projectiles. The technology gradually spread through the rest of East Asia, South Asia, the Middle East, and Europe. Older firearms typically used black powder as a propellant, but modern firearms use smokeless powder or other propellants. Most modern firearms (with the notable exception of smoothbore shotguns) have rifled barrels to impart spin to the projectile for improved flight stability. Modern firearms can be described by their caliber (i.e. their bore diameter; this is given in millimeters or inches e.g. 7.5 mm, .357 in.) or in the case of shotguns their gauge (e.g. 12 ga.); by the type of action employed (muzzle, breech, lever, bolt, pump, revolver, semi-automatic, automatic etc.) together with the usual means of deportment (hand-held or mechanical mounting). Further classification may make reference to the type of barrel used (rifled) and to the barrel length (24 inch), to the firing mechanism (e.g. matchlock, wheellock, flintlock, percussion lock), to the design's primary intended use (e.g. hunting rifle), or to the commonly accepted name for a particular variation (e.g. Gatling gun). The word firearms usually is used in a sense restricted to small arms (weapons that can be carried by a single person), whereas the word artillery covers larger gunpowder-fired weapons. Shooters aim firearms at their targets with hand-eye co-ordination, using either iron sights or optical sights. The accurate range of pistols generally does not exceed 110 yards (100 m), while most rifles are accurate to 550 yards (500 m) using iron sights, or to longer ranges using optical sights (firearm rounds may be dangerous or lethal well beyond their accurate range; the minimum distance for safety is much greater than specified range). Purpose-built sniper rifles and anti-materiel rifles are accurate to ranges of more than 2,200 yards (2,000 m).

is any instrument or instrumentality used in fighting or hunting. To prepare oneself for a military confrontation. Supply with arms.

Weapons Effect - Power Effects - Weapon of Mass Destruction

Weapon is any instrument that is used for killing or defending. A means of persuading or arguing without threatening. A weapon is any device used with intent to inflict damage or harm to living beings, structures, or systems. Weapons can be used to increase the efficacy and efficiency of activities such as hunting, crime, law enforcement, self-defense, and warfare. In a broader context, weapons may be construed to include anything used to gain a strategic, material or mental advantage over an adversary. While just about any ordinary objects such as sticks, stones, cars, or pencils can be used as weapons, many are expressly designed for the purpose – ranging from simple implements such as clubs, swords and guns, to complicated modern intercontinental ballistic missiles, biological and cyberweapons. Something that has been re-purposed, converted, or enhanced to become a weapon of war is termed weaponized, such as a weaponized virus or weaponized lasers or weaponized mind.

Knife (cooking utensils) - Metal Working

Sword is a bladed weapon intended for slashing or thrusting that is longer than a knife or dagger. The precise definition of the term varies with the historical epoch or the geographic region under consideration. A sword consists of a long blade attached to a hilt. The blade can be straight or curved. Thrusting swords have a pointed tip on the blade, and tend to be straighter; slashing swords have a sharpened cutting edge on one or both sides of the blade, and are more likely to be curved. Many swords are designed for both thrusting and slashing. 

The Pen is Mightier than the Sword

Axe is an implement that has been used for millennia to shape, split and cut wood; to harvest timber; as a weapon; and as a ceremonial or heraldic symbol. The axe has many forms and specialised uses but generally consists of an axe head with a handle, or helve. Farming Tools

Bow and Arrow is a ranged weapon system consisting of an elastic launching device (bow) and long-shafted projectiles (arrows).

Spear is a pole weapon consisting of a shaft, usually of wood, with a pointed head. The head may be simply the sharpened end of the shaft itself, as is the case with fire hardened spears, or it may be made of a more durable material fastened to the shaft, such as flint, obsidian, iron, steel or bronze. The most common design for hunting or combat spears since ancient times has incorporated a metal spearhead shaped like a triangle, lozenge, or leaf. The heads of fishing spears usually feature barbs or serrated edges.

Slingshot is normally a small hand-powered projectile weapon. The classic form consists of a Y-shaped frame held in the off hand (nondominant hand), with two natural-rubber strips attached to the uprights. The other ends of the strips lead back to a pocket that holds the projectile. The dominant hand grasps the pocket and draws it back to the desired extent to provide power for the projectile—up to a full span of the arm with sufficiently long bands. Also known as a catapult (UK), Ging (primarily Australian and New Zealand), Shanghai (Australian), Kettie (South Africa).

War Weapons - News Media can also be used as a Weapon

Under Educating People is also a type of weapon, which is called Induced Ignorance.

We need Less Regulation and More Education! But at this time, regulation is needed until people become more educated.

Gun Control

No Guns More Books Gun Control is the set of laws or policies that regulate the manufacture, sale, transfer, possession, modification, or use of firearms by civilians. Most countries have a restrictive firearm guiding policy, with only a few legislations being categorized as permissive. Jurisdictions that regulate access to firearms typically restrict access to only certain categories of firearms and then to restrict the categories of persons who will be granted a firearms license to have access to a firearm.

Going Undercover Inside the NRA | Investigators (youtube) - NRA play book is based lies, manipulation, bribes, racketeering, ignorance, hypocrisy and invalid arguments. For the NRA, murdered children are just collateral damage as a result of seeking more profits.

Mass Shootings - Deterrence Theory - Weapons Effect - 2nd Amendment - Gun Violence Archive - War Profiteers - Gun Makers - Mass Murder - Arms Dealers

Texans support raising the minimum age to buy a gun to 21. Three quarters of Texans say that they would support raising the age to purchase a firearm from 18 to 21. That included 91% of Democrats and 64% of Republicans.

TSA intercepts record number of firearms at airport checkpoints in 2022, with most of them loaded. The agency said that it had stopped 6,301 guns — more than 88 percent of which were loaded — from passing beyond security checkpoints. By the end of the year the administration expects to have intercepted about 6,600 guns in carry-on bags, a 10 percent increase over the previous record of 5,972, set in 2021. 4,432 guns were seized at airport checkpoints last year in 2019.

668,000 illegally trafficked firearms in the U.S. came through unlicensed dealers who aren't required to perform background checks over a five-year period. That represents 54% of the illegally trafficked firearms in the U.S. between 2017 and 2021. The guns were used in 368 shooting cases, which are harder to investigate because unlicensed dealers aren't required to keep records of their sales that could allow federal agents to trace the weapon back to the original buyer.

Arms Control is a term for international restrictions upon the development, production, stockpiling, proliferation and usage of small arms, conventional weapons, and weapons of mass destruction.

Firearms sold by police have turned up in crime scenes. Resold police guns end up in criminal hands.

Gun ownership does not make you safer. Gun ownership is associated with a higher risk of homicide, suicide, and accidental shootings.

Only 3% of people who are considered to be a good guy with a gun, actually stops an active shooter. The rest of the active shooters are stopped by people with out a gun.

Mentorship instead of censorship. Instructions instead of obstructions. Training instead of detaining. Teaching instead of just preaching. Independence instead of dependence. Education instead of subjugation and unjust regulations, restrictions or limitations.

We have AI, mass surveillance and supercomputers with everyone's personal information that can predict what products people will buy, but for some corrupt reason, ignorant scumbags in power want to use AI supercomputers to keep the status quo, but not keep citizens safe. We can have common sense gun control that keeps guns out of the hands of people who are most likely to commit crimes, but that would decrease the profits of greedy scumbags who like violence and murder because it's good for business.

Just like with all technologies, people need to be trained. And training needs to be improved. And the word training needs to be defined, and the process of being trained needs to be defined. We need training that prepares a person to operate a tool or a technology with respect to the entire system. Training should not be limited to just one specified operation within a particular set of rules. People need to be more aware and see the whole picture. People need to understand the full impacts of their decisions. Owning a gun can actually make you more vulnerable. You can say that you need protection, but who will protect you from yourself? We live in a reality with physical laws, but reality can be skewed when a person is not educated enough or trained enough. And we haven't even defined what being educated enough really is. We are surrounded by weapons of mass destruction. There are too many things that are killing thousands of people every single day.  We have to address all these problems together as a whole. Focusing on just one problem will not solve the problems that are causing all of our problems. The problem is systemic. we have to treat the whole system. We need a systematic approach to solve a systematic problem.

Gun violence costs U.S. more than $1 billion a year in hospital bills.

Police Forces Around the World that don't carry Guns - Countries with No Armies.

You can't blame gun murders on mental illness or blame it on video games, or blame the internet, or blame the parents. But you can blame our dysfunctional and inadequate education system along with the corporate controlled mass media, as well as all those gun manufactures who sell an extremely dangerous product with very little control over who can possess these dangerous weapons. It will take many solutions working together over a period of time. So you can't fix this problem with just a few laws or a few regulations. If it was that easy, then 7 million people would not have to die from smoking cigarettes every single year, and millions more would not have to suffer every day from all the diseases that comes from smoking cigarettes. And weak public awareness campaigns will still not be effective enough to solve this problem or educate people enough about all the risks and dangers. Our Education System needs to be Drastically Improved from preschool through college. When more people are educated enough about a problem, then fewer people will be victimized and killed by these products. There is no easy fix to solve this problem, because this problem of guns is systemic, which means that this problem can only be solved from the bottom up, and not just from the top down.

The facts are that gun control works. But the criminals who profit from selling guns don't like regulations, so they bribe politicians to reduce gun control laws, and they also find loopholes to exploit the laws, just like corporate criminals do everyday. Laws do not stop criminals, only a good education system can stop criminals.

The hypocritical ignorance of Oklahoma State Sen. Nathan Dahm is exposed by Jon Stewart - scumbags have no conscience. They walk over the dead bodies of children and try to excuse themselves with invalid arguments, just to exploit and manipulate naive voters. (youtube)

The most disturbing fact is that 99% of all the murders by guns did not have to happen. This is not about self defense, this is murder, even if you are just an accessory, or an accomplice, or just a bystander. So even when guns are a small percentage of all the deaths in the world, these are still deaths that happen every single day. Even suicide by guns is small when compared to the mass suicide by ignorance that kills millions of people every year. But the news just reports what sells, as if that's all there is. Guns are just one reason and only one detail of this enormous problem that we have with people dying from things that are avoidable. If we seriously don't work on this problem, then it will never go away.

If you're Pro-Guns but not for Gun Control, then you're more about pro-murder than you are for pro-guns, which means that you're a contradiction, a hypocrite and an accessory to murder. The 2nd Amendment excuse is a Lie.

Gun control is not the main problem, mind control is the main problem. When schools don't fully educate people and when the media distorts reality, people lose their minds and lose control, and have very little control over their behavior. Puppets go insane because the puppeteers are insane.

Republicans are more concerned about denying the rights of trans people then they are about denying guns to people who are mass murdering children every week. 600 mass shootings a year, and all republicans can think about is attacking gay people.

Gun Show Loophole refers to the sale of firearms by private sellers, including those done at gun shows, that do not meet federal background check requirements. This is dubbed the private sale exemption or "secondary market". Federal law requires background checks for commercial gun sales, but not for private-party sales whereby any person may sell a firearm to an unlicensed resident of the same state as long as they do not know or have reasonable cause to believe the purchaser is prohibited from receiving or possessing firearms under Federal law.

40% of gun sales are from private owners who can sell guns without doing background check.

Straw Purchase is any purchase wherein an agent agrees to acquire a good or service for someone who is unable or unwilling to purchase the good or service themselves, and the agent transfers the goods or services to that person after purchasing them. In general, straw purchases are legal except in cases where the ultimate receiver of goods or services uses those goods or services in the commission of a crime with the prior knowledge of the straw purchaser, or if the ultimate possessor is not legally able to purchase the goods or services. In some jurisdictions straw purchases are legal although the end user is not legally able to purchase the good or service himself or herself. Proxy War - Accessory to a Crime.

Arms Trade Racket - Arms Trade Treaty - Military Spending

When American Guns are sold to South American countries, people flee from the violence, this is the main reason why we have an immigration problem. When arms dealers fuel conflicts in other countries around the world, we have a gun control problem.

Stolen Guns. Every day in the U.S., roughly 1 gun is stolen every 90 seconds. That amounts to around 380,000 stolen guns every year, many of which are later used to commit violent crimes. Texas, Georgia, Florida, and Oklahoma rounded out the top five states with the most lost or stolen firearms in 2021. "Gun thefts account for only about 10% to 15% of guns used in crimes. In 2021, around 4,751 pistols were reported lost or stolen in the United States, the most out of any type of firearm. 1,011 Shotguns, 691 Revolvers, 214 Silencers and 42 Derringers.

Illegally Imported Guns or Smuggles Guns. In 2020, over 6.83 million firearms were imported into the United States, the majority of which were handguns, followed closely by shotguns. While the number of imported firearms is significant, it pales in comparison to the number of firearms manufactured in the United States.

Red Flag Law should be a warning that our education system is inadequate and our media is corporate controlled.

Red Flag Law is a gun violence prevention law that permits police or family members to petition a state court to order the temporary removal of firearms from a person who may present a danger to others or themselves.

Effects of Risk-Based Firearm Seizure Laws in Connecticut and Indiana on Suicide Rates, 1981–2015.

Deadly Weapon Offender Registry Unit.

Right to Carry is not a right to be Scary. "Carry not Scary". Pretending to think that weapons are the only way to protect your freedom is a false and ignorant belief. Guns are no longer the only tool that humans have. We have a more valuable tool right between our ears. So when it comes to protecting freedom and rights, "Use your Head, Not your Lead." If exercising your freedom makes others uncomfortable, without making things safer, then your type of exercise needs to be adjusted, so that you don't insult yourself or insult others. But I totally understand why people need guns, after all, with so much corruption and crime in governments and corporations, no wonder people grab their guns. But two wrongs don't make a right. We have to find another way to end this corruption and abuse, and that way is improving education and having more communication. And we also have to stop our governments from abusing people, because we all know the negative side-effects that come from abuse.

"Trickle Down Ignorance" "You need to improve education and not just the regulations." What kind of ignorant moron would train a teacher to shoot a gun when they should be training teachers how to teach more effectively so that teachers would not have to murder someone who is undereducated.

Mental Health Problems - Addictions - Drug War

Books not Bullets Concealed Carry in United States is the practice of carrying a weapon (such as a handgun) in public in a concealed manner, either on one's person or in close proximity. Not all weapons that fall under CCW laws are lethal. For example, in Florida, carrying pepper spray in more than a specified volume (2 oz.) of chemical requires a CCW permit, whereas anyone may legally carry a smaller, “self-defense chemical spray” device hidden on their person without a CCW permit. As of 2016, there were at least 14.5 million concealed handgun permits in the United States.

"Always Treat a Gun like it's Loaded even if it's not loaded."

Arm them with School Supplies Cocks Not Glocks - Nice Job ladies, but fighting ignorance with ignorance is risky, especially when ignorant people don't realize their own ignorance.

Schools are spending more money on security than spending money on improving education. There is no better security than an educated mind.

The best way to stop a bad person with no brains is with a good person who has brains, someone who can help the ignorant person become more intelligent and less stupid.

Gun Permit Laws requires handgun purchasers to obtain a license prior to purchase, was associated with a 14 percent reduction in firearm homicides. In counties in states with right-to-carry laws and stand-your-ground laws, we saw increases in firearm homicide. Association between Firearm Laws and Homicide in Urban Counties.

How Fake Cops Got $1.2 Million in Real Weapons. Government Accountability Office created a fictitious law enforcement agency — complete with a fake website and a bogus address that traced back to an empty lot — and applied for military-grade equipment from the Department of Defense. Night-vision goggles, simulated M-16A2 rifles and pipe bomb equipment from the Defense Department’s 1033 program.

The Real Harm of the Global Arms Trade: Samantha Nutt (video and interactive text - 14 mins.)

ZORE - Gun Safety cartridge-shaped lock that allows quick access & offers tampering alerts for your gun.

Smart Gun is a firearm that includes a safety feature or features that allow it to fire only when activated by an authorized user. These safety features can prevent misuse, accidental shootings, gun thefts, use of the weapon against the owner, and self-harm.

40% of Gun Owners Reported Not Locking all Guns, even around Kids.

The NRA is not about protecting the second amendment, the NRA is mostly a voice for the gun manufactures and the war mongers who sell weapons for profit. So the NRA is mostly a pawn for murderers, and not about protecting freedom or about protecting people from corrupt governments, this is about money. What good is an arms trade treaty or gun control if you never educate people enough about the the facts and the truth? NRA is more about protecting the profits of gun manufactures, who donate millions to their cause, then they are about human rights. "It looks like they want bad people to buy guns so bad people murder more people. This way they can continue to get funded and also keep taking away more human rights. Great plan as*holes!" Lobbyists.

National Rifle Association or NRA is an American nonprofit organization which advocates for gun rights. Founded in 1871, the group has informed its members about firearm-related bills since 1934, and it has directly lobbied for and against legislation since 1975. It is also the oldest continuously operating civil rights organization in the United States.

James and Jennifer Crumbley face sentencing in their involuntary manslaughter case. They could face up to 15 years in prison. The first parents to ever be charged, then convicted, in their child's mass shooting at a U.S. school are expected to face the victims. But Gun Makers are never held responsible, scumbag hypocrisy.

Cease Fire BaltimoreAmericans own an estimated 265 Million guns, but 133 Million of these guns are concentrated in the hands of just 3% of American adults. That means around 3 Million Americans have about 44 guns each. We have some heavily armed people out there. I wonder how much ammo they have?

There are around 300 million guns in the US, which is not including the military. America is the most heavily armed nation on the planet.

5.5 million guns are made in the United States each year and millions more are imported. 40 Percent of guns are sold through a loophole at gun shows, where people are able to buy a firearm without having to go through a background check.

Gun Owner Statistics: 39% to 50% of US households have at least one gun. 80 Million Americans have a Gun?

Data (PDF) - "When a person murders people using a knife, it doesn't mean that you need knife control. When a person murders people using a car, it doesn't mean that you need car control. When a person murders people using a position of authority, it means that you have an ignorant person using power as an excuse to commit murder. You need ignorance control, which means improving education."

CDC estimates show that the number of Americans coming to hospitals with nonfatal, violent gun injuries has actually gone up: from an estimated 37,321 nonfatal gunshot injuries in 2002 to 55,544 in 2011. The CDC's best guess for the number of nonfatal intentional shootings in 2012 is somewhere between 27,000 and 91,000. Sounds like we have a war?

Each year more than 32,000 people die in the United States as a result of homicides, suicides and accidents with firearms.

Laws are very limited and inadequate when trying to influence self-control, because real self-control does not come from imposing restrictions, as clearly documented throughout human history. Just passing laws will never work. You have to improve education because self-control can only be learned by acquiring the right information and knowledge and applying it correctly when needed. Telling someone to "Just say No" is a lie and a lazy and ineffective way of educating someone. We just don't need more gun control, we need more education. The weapon between our ears needs the most attention, not our laws. The only true way to protect kids is by giving them a complete education, but sadly, a complete education still does not exist, so we have a lot of work to do.

President Biden on Saturday June 25, 2022, signed into law the first major gun safety legislation passed by Congress in nearly 30 years. The legislation, which passed the House 234-193 Friday night following Senate approval Thursday, includes incentives for states to pass so-called red flag laws that allow groups to petition courts to remove weapons from people deemed a threat to themselves or others. In addition, the bill expands an existing law that prevents people convicted of domestic abuse from owning a gun to include dating partners rather than just spouses and former spouses. It also expands background checks on people between the ages of 18 and 21 seeking to buy a gun. The National Rifle Association says it opposes the bill. The Supreme Court struck down New York law restricting concealed carry. Biden's action also comes just days after the U.S. Supreme Court issued a landmark decision saying there is a constitutional right to carry a handgun in public for self-defense, striking down a New York law that restricted concealed carry. New York Gov. Kathy Hochul called the decision "reckless" and "reprehensible. There have been at least 281 mass shootings in the U.S in 2022, according to the Gun Violence Archive. As of June 8, there had been 27 shootings at schools this year, according to Education Week, which has been tracking school shootings since 2018.

Just don't Blame the Gun Manufacturers for all the murders by guns, blame our inability to educate people effectively and efficiently. This is a communication problem, as it has been for thousands of years. We know how important it is for our DNA to store information in order for us to develop into humans, but for some reason, humans have not yet fully grasped how important it is for us to preserve and also pass on important information.

Gun Sales to TerroristsGun Owners of America - National Shooting Sports Foundation - Brady Center

500,000 people in America were killed by guns in the last 15 years.

Most deaths by guns are from law abiding citizens, who either kill out of anger or make a mistake or have an accident. If your home has guns in it your are more likely to experience death by guns then people who don't have any guns in their house.

Accidental shootings kill a child every other day.

Gun Nation (youtube)

Gun Politics in Australia. Firearms were introduced to Australia with European settlement on 26 January 1788, though other seafarers that visited Australia before settlement also carried firearms. The colony of New South Wales was initially a penal settlement, with the military garrison being armed. Firearms were also used for hunting, protection of persons and crops, in crime and fighting crime, and in many military engagements. From the landing of the First Fleet there was conflict with Aborigines. Firearms were used to protect explorers and settlers from Aboriginal attack. Gun laws in Australia became a political issue in the 1980s. Low levels of violent crime through much of the 20th century kept levels of public concern about firearms low. In the last two decades of the century, following several high-profile killing sprees and a media campaign, the Australian government coordinated more restrictive firearms legislation with all state governments. Gun laws were largely aligned in 1996 by the National Firearms Agreement. A person who possesses or uses a firearm must have a firearm license. License holders must be at least 18 years of age, have a "genuine reason" for holding a firearm license and must not be a "prohibited person". All firearms in Australia must be registered by serial number to the owner, who also holds a firearms license.

About 12.8 million concealed carry permit holders in the U.S. in 2015, up from 4.6 million in 2007, for every "justifiable" gun homicide in 2012, there were 34 criminal gun homicides, 78 gun suicides, and at least two accidental gun deaths.

People who owned a gun were three times as likely to kill themselves as non-firearm owners.

The annual per capita risk of death during a home invasion is 0.0000002 percent. Toddlers killed more people than terrorists in 2015. Guns are used far more often for killing than for self-defense, despite the fact that some 63 percent of Americans think guns make them safer.

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, in 2013, firearms were used in 84,258 nonfatal injuries (26.65 per 100,000 U.S. citizens) and 11,208 deaths by homicide (3.5 per 100,000), 21,175 by suicide with a firearm, 505 deaths due to accidental discharge of a firearm, and 281 deaths due to firearms.

List of Countries by Firearm-Related Death Rate (wiki)

More Guns More Murders? or is it More Murders More Guns? The fear of being murdered by a gun is the reason why some people have guns, it's not because they are planning to kill. Murder is a small percentage, but more the one murder is alarming. And there are people who own guns for sport, so saying more guns equals more murders is not an accurate measurement. The driving force behind murder is not the weapon, it is the person. Money kills more people and is a more powerful weapon then the gun. But you don't hear people saying "We need more Money Control," people do say it, but Money Controls the Media, so you never hear about money control.

Civilian Gun Ownership World Map

World Map of Civilian Gun Ownership Gun Violence Archive 2015 Toll of Gun Violence in America - 2019 (image)

Total Number of Incidents:  51,301
Number of Deaths: 13,018
Number of Injuries:  26,286
Number of Children (age 0-11) Killed/Injured:  673
Number of Teens (age 12-17) Killed/Injured:  2,609
Mass Shooting:  326
Officer Involved Incident:  4,267
Home Invasion:  2,252
Defensive Use:  1,227
Accidental Shooting:  1,870

Murder Rates

Murders Rates by Country Worldwide Map January of 2001 through December of 2008, a total of 7,397,301 injuries occurred at school, of which 736,014 were intentional. The new study shows “that almost 10 percent of injuries are intentional, which means there’s a lot of violence going on in the schools that doesn’t include football, or hockey, or volleyball or tripping and falling and getting hurt.

In 2020, the number of murders in the United States jumped by nearly 30% compared to the previous year in the largest single-year increase ever recorded in the country, according to official FBI statistics released Monday. The data show 21,570 homicides in the U.S. in 2020, which is a staggering 4,901 more than in 2019. The tally makes clear — in concrete terms — just how violent last year was. The overall violent crime rate, which includes murder, assault, robbery and rape, inched up around 5%, while property crimes continued their long-running decline and dropped 8% from 2019. But the spike in murders jumps out in the FBI report because of the sheer scale of the change. The murder rate is still below its historic peaks reached in the 1990s, but the figures from 2020 show that the problem has become much more widespread. In the '90s, New York and Los Angeles accounted for 13.5% of all murders nationally. Last year, it was under 4%, So it's a lot more diffuse than it was in the '90s. The main reasons behind the increase in murders was the trump administrations incompetence and numerous failures. Ignorance fuels more ignorance and influences volatile situations and unrest.

Each year more than 90,000 school children suffer “intentional” injuries severe enough to land them in the emergency room, 96 percent — were the result of an assault, with most perpetrators identified as friends or acquaintances. A full 10 percent of the assaults involved multiple perpetrators. 45 percent of kids “reported verbal misconduct by coaches, including name-calling and insulting them during play.” NEISS Injury Data.

Mass Murders - Mass Shootings

Since 2012, 239 school shootings nationwide. In those episodes, 438 people were shot, 138 of whom were killed.

Gun Control - Gun Makers

America has already seen 198 mass shootings in the 19th week of 2022. In 2021 there were 693 mass shootings, 2020 saw 611, and 2019 had 417.

27 school shootings have taken place so far this year in May 2022, and has surpassed 200 mass shootings this year. 2021 had 693 mass shootings. Chart.

Mass Shootings - War Stats - Genocide - Death Penalty - Poverty - Starvation

90% of all mass shooters are republican voters, a coincidence, or a consequence of rightwing media propaganda and a dumbed down education?

353 Mass Shootings Recorded in 2015, So Far.

School shooting in Oregon on June 10th, 2014 is at least the 74th instance of shots being fired on school grounds or in school buildings since the late-2012.

Massacre is to kill a large number of people indiscriminately. The savage and excessive killing of many people.

Genocide - Hate Crimes - Extremism - Rage

Sandy Hook Elementary School in 2012, it rattled Newtown, Conn., and reverberated across the world. Since then, there have been at least 239 school shootings nationwide. In those episodes, 438 people were shot, 138 of whom were killed.

Improving Education is the best way to stop murders. Only ignorant and insane people commit murder. Only a very small percentage of people commit murder in self defense.

Say Something? How about teaching something, how about learning something, how about doing something? Say something? I just did. Say Something (Your School is Giving Up On You)...sorry that they couldn't educate you. Standing-up.

The Cost of Doing Nothing is more children being murdered, while the ignorant republican scumbags think that more guns is the answer, while they vote for less gun control and less safety measures. Republicans are taking bribes from gun manufactures while they lie to the public. Republicans are heartless, soulless, pieces of shit, and gullible republican voters still are manipulated into voting for these criminals.

Public Interest - National Interest

The Federal Assault Weapons Ban of 1994 significantly lowered both the rate *and* the total number of firearm related homicides in the United States during the 10 years it was in effect. Then the Republicans removed the ban in 2004.

Japans Process for Buying a Gun. Take a firearm class and pass a written exam, which is held up to three times a year. Get a doctor’s note saying you are mentally fit and do not have a history of drug abuse. Apply for a permit to take firing training, which may take up to a month. Describe in a police interview why you need a gun. Pass a review of your criminal history, gun possession record, employment, involvement with organized crime groups, personal debt and relationships with friends, family and neighbors. Apply for a gunpowder permit. Take a one-day training class and pass a firing test. Obtain a certificate from a gun dealer describing the gun you want. If you want a gun for hunting, apply for a hunting license. Buy a gun safe and an ammunition locker that meet safety regulations. Allow the police to inspect your gun storage. Pass an additional background review. Buy a gun.

Firearm-related death rate per 100K population per year - America is #9 at 12.1 deaths per 100K and Japan has one of the lowest death by guns with 0.06 deaths per 100K.

Many Americans can buy a gun in less than an hour. Roughly a third of American gun owners buy guns without a background check. United States is #2 in the world with 37,038 deaths by gun in 2019. Firearm-Related Suicide in 2019, United States is #2 in the world with 7.12 suicides per 100k people. 13-Year-Old boy can't buy Cigarettes, Lottery Tickets, or Alcohol, but can buy a Gun. (youtube)

The 2nd Amendment Scam is a fear mongering publicity stunt by republicans to manipulate gullible voters. Republican morons think that more guns are needed. Gun control and safety measures does not stop people from buying guns, it only makes it harder for criminals and unstable people from getting guns easily and quickly. Republicans want to hire more security guards instead of hiring more teachers so they can turn schools into prisons filled with fear instead of having schools as a place for learning and development. Republicans also take Oil and Gas money to impede clean energy needs.

Second Amendment to the United States Constitution states that "A well regulated Militia, being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear Arms, shall not be infringed."

Second Amendment right is not unlimited and does not prohibit all regulation of either firearms or similar devices. State and local governments are limited to the same extent as the federal government from infringing this right.

To say that you need to protect yourself against a tyrannical government is a lie. The ignorant people who say they need assault riffles to protect themselves against a tyrannical government, are the same ignorant people who vote republican, and republican politicians are tyrannical. So if you want to protect yourself against a tyrannical government, then you need to stop voting republican. If ignorant republicans keep blaming the left for the ignorance of republicans, then republicans will never learn why they're so ignorant, which means that republicans will stay ignorant, which is what republican politicians want. The resistance to oppression starts with voting for democrats. We need to protect citizens from corrupt governments and corporations. You need to remember that the 2nd amendment was written in 1791, when America did not have the strongest military in the world. So will this tyrannical government have control of the most powerful military in the world, because if they do, could you fight a gorilla warfare and kill your friends and neighbors who are in the military? And what about the police who have been militarized, who's side will the police be on? And what about the ATF, FBI, and all the other Federal law enforcement agencies, who are well organized and well trained, who's side will they be on?

Right to Keep and Bear Arms is the people's right to possess weapons or arms for their own defense, as described in the philosophical and political writings of Aristotle, Cicero, John Locke, Machiavelli, the English Whigs and others. Bill of Rights.

"The strongest reason for the people to retain the right to keep and bear arms is, as a last resort, to protect themselves against tyranny in government." - Thomas Jefferson

When does a Right become a Reason? When people are not educated enough to understand the second amendment, then ignorance becomes the biggest divider of people.

Maybe if republicans stopped attacking our constitution, then maybe people wouldn't feel the need to exercise their constitutional rights.

Guns will not protect you from Governments, it never has. But governments can poison your water and kill you that way, so having a gun will not keep your water clean. Governments can also poison your food with chemicals and kill you that way, so having a gun will not keep your food clean. Governments can also poison the curriculum in your schools, so they will kill your mind that way, so having a gun will not make you smarter.

NRA is being sued for allegedly breaking campaign finance law to back Republicans. The lawsuit alleges that the country's leading gun rights group used shell companies to funnel "as much as $35 million in unlawful, excessive, and unreported in-kind campaign contributions" to Republican candidates for federal office, including Donald Trump's 2016 presidential campaign.

Militarization of Police - Mass Shooting Protocol (PDF)

Only 7 of the 160 of the mass shootings that took place between 2000 and 2013, ended because of some would-be Rambo came to the rescue. More than half or 56 percent were terminated by the shooter who either took his or her own life, simply stopped shooting or fled the scene. Another 26 percent ended in the traditional Hollywood-like fashion with the shooter and law enforcement personnel exchanging gunfire and in nearly all of those situations the shooter ended up either wounded or dead. In 13 percent of the shooting situations, the shooter was successfully disarmed and restrained by unarmed civilians, and in 3 percent of the incidents the shooter was confronted by armed civilians, of whom four were on-duty security guards and one person was just your average "good guy" who happened to be carrying a gun.

Mass Shootings "It's not just a failing mental health system, it's more about a failing education system, if you don't correct the source of the problem, you will be fighting all the problems that come from it forever."

Last Week Tonight with John Oliver: Mental Health (HBO) (youtube)

Missed Treatment: Soldiers With Mental Health Issues Dismissed For 'Misconduct' (NPR)

When you say that people who shot people have a mental health problems, then what about military soldiers, or what about the police, do those people have mental health problems? Does a person who kills in self defense have mental health problems. People who murder people have an ignorance problem, you can call it a mental health problem, but you're ignorant if you believe that education is not the problem or that the media is not the problem. People who believe they live in a free society are ignorant. You can legislate morality and you can teach morality, but the ignorant republican scumbags who control the government and control the schools don't want students to learn morality. Republicans want people to be ignorant and divided.

Mental Illness and Crimes - Mass Poisonings

12 children die every day from gun violence in the U.S. 100 people killed by guns in the U.S. every day. 950 School shootings since Sandy Hook, including 27 school shootings so far in 2022. 18 to 21 are peak ages for violent offending with firearms. 8 million AR-15s and its variations in circulation. 9 in 10 people will die after attempting suicide with a gun. 98 percent of mass shooters are men. 89 percent of gun owners favor preventing the "mentally ill" from purchasing guns. 77 percent of gun owners favor background checks at private sales and gun shows. 54 percent of gun deaths are suicides; 43% are murders. 79 percent of murders that involved a firearm. <1 percent of people defended themselves with their guns in violent crimes.

One-Third Of Murders In America Go Unresolved. The FBI's national clearance rate for homicide today is 64.1 percent. Fifty years ago, it was more than 90 percent. And "clearance" doesn't equal conviction: it's just the term police use to describe cases that end with an arrest, or in which a culprit is otherwise identified without the possibility of arrest Criminologists estimate that at least 200,000 murders have gone unsolved since the 1960's.

Murders in the US from 2003 to 2014 The stereotype of a mass shooter is a white male with a history of mental illness or domestic violence. While that may be anecdotally true, the largest single study of mass shooters ever funded by the U.S. government has found that nearly all mass shooters have four specific things in common. A new Department of Justice-funded study of all mass shootings — killings of four or more people in a public place, since 1966 found that the shooters typically have an experience with childhood trauma, a personal crisis or specific grievance, and a “script” or examples that validate their feelings or provide a roadmap. And then there’s the fourth thing: access to a firearm. Between 1966 and 2000, there were 75 mass shootings. Of those, 9% were motivated by racism, 1% by religious hatred, and 7% by misogyny. Of the 32 mass shootings that have occurred in the U.S. just since 2015, 18% were motivated by racism, 15% by religious hatred, and 21% by misogyny. Nearly 70% of shooters were suicidal before or during the shooting, and the numbers are even higher for school shooters. the percentage of shooters whose crimes were directly motivated by the symptoms of a mental disorder (such as delusions or hallucinations caused by psychosis) is much smaller: roughly 16%. That is a smaller percentage than shooters motivated by hate, a workplace grievance, or an interpersonal conflict. In the first 15 years of the 21st century, some 3% of perpetrators were motivated by the desire to go down in history as a mass shooter. Handguns were by far the most common firearm used in mass shootings, and were used three times the rate of shotguns, rifles, or assault rifles. Assault rifles were banned in 1994 during the Clinton Administration, but the federal ban expired a decade later and gun manufacturers pounced on the opportunity to re-market military-style firearms to civilians.

Why do people all of a sudden become more concerned about crime just because of its proximity? Those same crimes happen everyday. So is it our memory? Or is it just the fact that we're not doing enough to educate people? You cannot control the weapons that people use, especially knowing that weapons come in many different forms. The only logical solution is to make people more knowledgeable about the perversion of weapons and more knowledgeable about the many different forms and types of weapons that there is. We also need to inform people of the destructive force that weapons have on the self, and on the victims, on the survivors, and on society. When people cannot control their own mind, it does not matter what weapon they choose to commit a crime. What matters most is learning where this loss of control originates from, and how do we keep this loss of control from materializing in the future. My heart goes out to the victims, the victims family and friends, and the survivors.

Murder Rates in Big Cities I must stay focused on improving education, because that is where it all starts. An honor student committing mass murder is just more evidence that there is something horribly wrong in the way we educate people. Just look at your senior level politicians, it's not unusual to know that most mass murderers are educated people. So we seriously need to redefine what the word 'Educated' should actually mean, because the way it stands now it surely doesn't say a lot about a person. There's a lot of missing information in the education process, we need to fill those gaps, if not, those gaps could be filled with the garbage that emanates from our dysfunctional materialistic world. And those side effects are clearly visible and disturbing.

Whether it's comfortably numb or comfortably dumb, no matter how you look at it, there's nothing comfortable about it. Ignorance is not bliss.

Murder Rates We are a brain based species, so it just makes sense that we use the one thing we have most of, which is our brain and our ability to think. We are not born with fangs or long sharp claws, or do we have poisonous venom, what we do have is a brain, it's time we use it.  We Need Less Legislation and More Education....Laws just treat the disease, laws never cure diseases. A person who is highly interested in a particular activity or subject, or what they call a 'Gun Enthusiast', doesn't mean they have the right to pervert their interest and into some sort of justifiable action that is known to be illogical. You don't have a right to be ignorant or do you have the right to influence others with your ignorance. When Constitutional Rights are perverted to please a persons own selfish interest, an interest that has no educational value, then all you are really doing is exploring your own mental illness, a mental illness that could easily infect others.

When I see the stupidity of terrorism, I am no longer fazed, mostly because terrorism happens everyday, except not in the form of bombs, but in the form of a corporation that systematically murders thousands of people everyday using greed and corruption, while at the same time destroying land and polluting our drinking water. So why are terrorists so ignorant to think that adding to the killing will some how help? You can't fight ignorance with ignorance. The only way out of this mess is to learn your way out. After all, isn't that the reason why God gave us brains? We are all born with brains, it's time we use them. every life form on this planet exists by sharing information, so let the sharing begin...After all, isn't that what the fighting is all about?"

Pink Floyd: Us And Them (youtube)

"If only there was a way that the brain could communicate to the body that it was starving for knowledge, like the same way a person feels hunger pains when they are starving for food. But for now the only indicator that our brain has that tells us that there is missing information and knowledge is when there is a mistake. A mistake in the form of an accident, pain, struggle, danger or some horrible tragedy. A mistake that was caused by human error. And the sad part is that we don't always learn from our mistakes. If we are to fix anything in this world, I would think that improving our ability to learn from our mistakes would be top priority. What's the point of learning if you are just going to forget what you've learned?"

List of Countries by intentional Homicide Rate (wiki) 

Crime in the United States (wiki)

Race and Crime in the United States is the crime rate that varies between racial groups. While most homicides in the United States are interracial—the perpetrator and victim are of the same race—the rates at which African Americans (blacks) are reported to both commit and are the victim of homicide is about six to eight times higher than that of white Americans. The incarceration rate of blacks is more than three times higher than their representation in the general population. Research shows that the overrepresentation of some minorities in the criminal justice system can be explained by socioeconomic factors as well as racial discrimination by law enforcement and the judicial system.

"Don't let the past slow you down, we must keep swimming, if not we'll drown. Let us not waste our time with hate, or confuse our future with our fate. For this is our time, our time to be great, so let us embrace this beautiful state." More Life Quotes.

Hot Weather Can Influence Violence

Studies have shown that people experience increased frustration and anger in the summer months. Exposure to hot summer temperatures increases your heart rate, which leads to discomfort. Being uncomfortable can affect how you express yourself and color the way others interpret your words and actions. People become more aggressive in warm conditions because their body temperature also increases. An increase in body temperature is accompanied by increased heart rate and blood pressure, sweating of the skin, and heavy respiration. Researchers call this an increase in arousal. People feel uncomfortable, frustrated, impulsive and aggressive in the heat, and their daily routines can change, causing interpersonal conflicts, When temperatures rise, experts say an increase in crime is possible. More people are out and about as it stays lighter longer, leaving more opportunities for crimes to occur. For example, more people will be out walking in cities at 8pm in July than they would be in December.

Heat Hypothesis states that hot temperatures can in-crease aggressive motives and behaviors.

WetBulb Globe Temperature is a measure of the heat stress in direct sunlight, which takes into account: temperature, humidity, wind speed, sun angle and cloud cover (solar radiation). This differs from the heat index, which takes into consideration temperature and humidity and is calculated for shady areas.

Hot Temperatures Decrease Sleep. Heat exposure increases wakefulness and decreases slow wave sleep and rapid eye movement sleep. Humid heat exposure further increases thermal load during sleep and affects sleep stages and thermoregulation. Sleep deprivation can exacerbate pre-existing mood disturbances, such as anger, depression, and anxiety, and can lead to confusion, fatigue, and lack of vigor. Lack of sleep can make you less patient, making you more prone to anger. There's a link between lack of sleep and anger. Lack of sleep generally increases negative emotions such as fatigue, anxiety, and depression. Lack of sleep can increase how emotions are experienced. Participants who were sleep deprived experienced more outbursts of anger.

As Temperatures Rise, Tempers Flare. Anyone who has experienced the hostility of a swelteringly hot summer day in the city can attest to that.

Summer Crime Increase Linked to Higher Temperatures.

Global Warming can also increase aggression and violence. Hot temperatures can lead to hot tempers.

Global Warming - Monitoring Weather Tools

Hotter Body Temperature also creates more nightmares when sleeping, so there is something sub-consciously happening.

Weather Effects Thinking - Body can Influence the Mind - Hyperthermia

A new framework for studying the intersection of climate anomalies and social conflicts finds a strong link between temperature fluctuations and aggregated global conflicts.

Exposure to hot temperatures can impact cognitive health and perceptual brain function. The central nervous system is more sensitive to internal temperatures; higher internal temperatures might lead to memory impairments and other morbid conditions. Pollution effects Brain Health.

Videos about Crime Prevention

Burglary Crime Prevention (youtube) - This crime prevention video features a police officer from the Community Safety Department taking a tour around two houses showing where crime prevention could be considered to avoid becoming a victim of burglary. Uploaded on Dec 17, 2007.

Pick Pocket Awareness (video)
Gary Slutkin: Treat Violence Like a  Disease (video)

Nat. Crime Prevention Council / 800.627.2911 or 1-800-394-2255

Justice - Home Security Monitoring

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