Anxieties - Phobias - Fears - Panic Attacks

Anxiety is a state of worry and nervousness and an emotion characterized by an unpleasant state of inner turmoil. An unpleasant and overwhelming feeling that is experienced in anticipation of some usually ill-defined misfortune. An irrational fear of simple things or social situations. It is the subjectively unpleasant feelings of dread over anticipated events.

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Anxiety Woman Angst is a rapid onset of an unspecific feeling. A worry or insecurity that is strongly felt, especially when considering undefined possibilities of one's life and the world, and, the seemingly overwhelming responsibility of having the power of choice over several decisions one has to make every day.

Anxious is feeling fraught or distress and showing anxiety. Eagerly desirous or expressing desire for something.

Reasoning - Desensitizing - Breathing Exercises - Relaxing - Rebooting

Nervous is being overly excited in anticipation. Causing fraught or showing anxiety. Easily agitated. Of or relating to the nervous system.

Nervousness is an anxious feeling you have when you have the jitters. An uneasy psychological state. An uneasy psychological state.

Nervous Energy is when you experience high energy and over excitement that can sometimes make you feel anxious and can also make you do things excessively or repeatedly. Adrenaline can sometimes be elevated during these moments.

Anxiety is like information overload where you're overwhelmed by a stressful situation that you can't handle because you lack experience or lack knowledge. Sometimes we forget our abilities and forget our strengths. We worry foolishly without logically assessing a situation. We know that we have faced difficult challenges before and we have solved many problems before, but for some reason, we forget how resilient we are. We fail to adapt because we fail to remember what we have learned from previous experiences. Anxiety is a reaction to an external or internal stimuli. It's how you react to the stimuli that makes all the difference. If it's an internal stimuli, you have to avoid misinterpreting the information, because you can cause yourself to feel bad. If it's an external stimuli, then what ever is happening in the outside world can cause you to overreact. You have to have faith in your abilities and not let stress interfere with your ability to solve problems. When you understand how things work more accurately, then you will have more control over how certain things effect you. Life Quotes.

Basic Anxiety theory proposes that strategies used to cope with anxiety can be overused, causing them to take on the appearance of needs. Basic anxiety or neurosis could result from a variety of things including, " or indirect domination, indifference, erratic behavior, lack of respect for the child's individual needs, lack of real guidance, disparaging attitudes, too much admiration or the absence of it, lack of reliable warmth, having to take sides in parental disagreements, too much or too little responsibility, over-protection, isolation from other children, injustice, discrimination, unkept promises, hostile atmosphere, and so on and so on."

Calm Anxiety related heart palpitations by putting both thumbs in your mouth and sealing your lips around your thumbs and then gently blowing out for 2 seconds. Cheeks should inflate.

Anxiety Disorder are a group of mental disorders characterized by feelings of anxiety and fear. Anxiety is a worry about future events and fear is a reaction to current events. These feelings may cause physical symptoms, such as a fast heart rate and shakiness.

Generalized Anxiety Disorder is an anxiety disorder characterized by excessive, uncontrollable and often irrational worry, that is, apprehensive expectation about events or activities. This excessive worry often interferes with daily functioning, as individuals with GAD typically anticipate disaster, and are overly concerned about everyday matters such as health issues, money, death, family problems, friendship problems, interpersonal relationship problems, or work difficulties. Individuals often exhibit a variety of physical symptoms, including fatigue, fidgeting, headaches, nausea, numbness in hands and feet, muscle tension, muscle aches, difficulty swallowing, excessive stomach acid buildup, stomach pain, vomiting, diarrhea, bouts of breathing difficulty, difficulty concentrating, trembling, twitching, irritability, agitation, sweating, restlessness, insomnia, hot flashes, rashes, and inability to fully control the anxiety (ICD-10). These symptoms must be consistent and ongoing, persisting at least six months, for a formal diagnosis of GAD.

Test Anxiety is a combination of physiological over-arousal, tension and somatic symptoms, along with worry, dread, fear of failure, and catastrophizing, that occur before or during test situations.

Apprehension is anxiety or fear that something bad or unpleasant will happen. Fearful expectation or anticipation. Painful expectation. Anticipate with dread or anxiety. Apprehension also means the cognitive condition of someone who understands. Get the meaning of something. Apprehension also means the act of apprehending a suspect and take into custody.

Phobias describes having irrational, abnormal, unwarranted, persistent, or disabling fear.

Negative Thinking - Worry - Paranoia

Panic is a sudden sensation of fear, which is so strong as to dominate or prevent reason and logical thinking, replacing it with overwhelming feelings of anxiety and frantic agitation consistent with an animalistic fight-or-flight reaction. Panic may occur singularly in individuals or manifest suddenly in large groups as mass panic, which is closely related to herd behavior.

Panic Attack are sudden periods of intense fear that may include palpitations, sweating, shaking, shortness of breath, numbness, or a feeling that something bad is going to happen. The maximum degree of symptoms occurs within minutes. Typically they last for about 30 minutes but the duration can vary from seconds to hours. There may be a fear of losing control or chest pain. Panic attacks themselves are not dangerous.

Panic Disorder Symptoms include overwhelming fear, sweaty palms, shortness of breath, rapid heart rate -- these are the symptoms of a panic attack, which people with panic disorder have frequently and unexpectedly. People with panic disorder have frequent and unexpected panic attacks. These attacks are characterized by a sudden wave of fear or discomfort or a sense of losing control even when there is no clear danger or trigger. Creating a map of the regions, neurons, and connections in the brain that mediate these panic attacks can provide guidance for developing more effective panic disorder therapeutics. Researchers have found set of neurons that mediate panic-like symptoms in mice, which showcase a novel brain pathway that could be a target for new panic disorder therapeutics. Salk researchers have begun to construct that map by discovering a brain circuit that mediates panic disorder. This circuit consists of specialized neurons that send and receive a neuropeptide -- a small protein that sends messages throughout the brain -- called PACAP. What's more, they determined that PACAP and the neurons that produce its receptor are possible druggable targets for new panic disorder treatments. To begin sketching out a panic disorder brain map, the researchers looked at a part of the brain called the lateral parabrachial nucleus in the pons (part of the brain stem), which is known as the brain's alarm center. Interestingly, this small brainstem area also controls breathing, heart rate, and body temperature. It became evident that the PBL was likely implicated in generating panic and bringing about emotional and physical changes. Furthermore, they found that this brain area produces a neuropeptide, PACAP (pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide), known as the master regulator of stress responses. But the link between these elements was still unclear, so the team turned to a mouse model of panic attacks to confirm and expand their proposed map.

Overwhelmed is to become filled with uncontrollable emotion or too much sensory input. To have too many tasks to do.

Time Management - Information Overload - Analysis Paralysis (over thinking) - Trauma - Depression

"I don't let that bother me any more", because I learned and acquired knowledge and information that helped me to understand myself and the world around me a lot better than I did before. So now I don't worry about most things anymore, I just learn what the problem is and then I work on solving that problem. I didn't need a pill, I just needed valuable knowledge and good information and some guidance. Having introception is more than just your thoughts, it's also the signals from your nervous system, and it's also your experiences and the level of knowledge that you have.

Bother is to cause annoyance or be disturbed, especially by minor irritations. Something or someone that causes trouble or is a source of unhappiness. To cause inconvenience or discomfort to. Intrude or enter uninvited. Make nervous or agitated. Make confused or perplexed or puzzled. An angry disturbance.

Tense is to be uneasy, nervous or anxious. In a state of physical or nervous tension. Become stretched, tense or taut.

Consternation are feelings of anxiety or dismay, typically at something unexpected.

Normal Responses in life do not require medication, people need education and not medication. Once people understand that anxiety is a normal response to stress, and once people can have access to knowledge and information that will help them to understand themselves and the world around them more accurately, then people will never have to depend on drugs or risk their sanity and health on drugs they don't need.

"Most powerful is he who has himself in his own power." (Seneca)

It's All in Your Head is a simple answer to a complex phenomenon that takes a lot of time and learning to fully understand.

Mind-Body Interactions - Austin Wellness Clinic

Fear of the Unknown. If you educate yourself about the things you don't know, then fear of the unknown is no longer problem. This is not to say that you will know everything or that there's a 100 percent guarantee. It's about not letting the things that you don't know, keep you from remembering the things that you do know, like knowing the fact that you can't control everything that happens. But you can control a lot of things, like your awareness and how you act and react. The more you learn the less fears you will have. But the more you learn, the more vulnerabilities you will be aware of. But not to fear these vulnerabilities, just minimize the risks. Fear can be a motivator for change. But fear can get in the way of learning. Don't fear the unknown, know the unknown.

7 Steps To Better Mental Health, Austin Wellness Clinic (youtube, 21 mins.) - Dr. Vincent Bellonzi.

Anxiety Attacks Cure - Self Help Anxiety Treatment (youtube, 10 mins.)

Agoraphobia is an anxiety disorder characterized by symptoms of anxiety in situations where the person perceives their environment to be unsafe with no easy way to escape. These situations can include open spaces, public transit, shopping centers, or simply being outside their home. Being in these situations may result in a panic attack. The symptoms occur nearly every time the situation is encountered and last for more than six months. Those affected will go to great lengths to avoid these situations. In severe cases people may become completely unable to leave their homes.

Social Anxiety - Introversion

Separation Anxiety is an anxiety disorder in which an individual experiences excessive anxiety regarding separation from home or separation from people to whom the individual has a strong emotional attachment (e.g. a parent, caregiver, significant other or siblings). It is most common in infants and small children, typically between the ages of 6–7 months to 3 years. Separation anxiety is a natural part of the developmental process. Unlike SAD (indicated by excessive anxiety), normal separation anxiety indicates healthy advancements in a child’s cognitive maturation and should not be considered a developing behavioral problem.

Stage Fright is the anxiety, fear, or persistent phobia which may be aroused in an individual by the requirement to perform in front of an audience, whether actually or potentially (for example, when performing before a camera). In the context of public speaking, this may precede or accompany participation in any activity involving public self-presentation. In some cases stage fright may be a part of a larger pattern of social phobia or social anxiety disorder, but many people experience stage fright without any wider problems. Quite often, stage fright arises in a mere anticipation of a performance, often a long time ahead. It has numerous manifestations: stuttering, tachycardia, tremor in the hands and legs, sweaty hands, facial nerve tics, dry mouth, and dizziness.

Performance Anxiety - Anxiety 101 (PDF)

Xenophobia is the fear of that which is perceived to be foreign or strange.

Horror Movies - Fear Mongering - Trauma

Hypochondriasis is illogically worrying about having a serious illness. This debilitating condition is the result of an inaccurate perception of the condition of body or mind despite the absence of an actual medical condition. An individual suffering from hypochondriasis is known as a hypochondriac. Hypochondriacs become unduly alarmed about any physical or psychological symptoms they detect, no matter how minor the symptom may be, and are convinced that they have, or are about to be diagnosed with, a serious illness.

Cyberchondria the unfounded escalation of concerns about common symptomology based on review of search results and literature online. Articles in popular media position cyberchondria anywhere from temporary neurotic excess to adjunct hypochondria. Cyberchondria is a growing concern among many healthcare practitioners as patients can now research any and all symptoms of a rare disease, illness or condition, and manifest a state of medical anxiety.

Repetition Compulsion is a psychological phenomenon in which a person repeats a traumatic event or its circumstances over and over again. This includes reenacting the event or putting oneself in situations where the event is likely to happen again. This "re-living" can also take the form of dreams in which memories and feelings of what happened are repeated, and even hallucination.

Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD) - O.C.D. - OCD - Obsessive Compulsive Disorder

Neuroticism is characterized by anxiety, fear, moodiness, worry, envy, frustration, jealousy, and loneliness.

Mass Psychogenic illness is the rapid spread of illness signs and symptoms affecting members of a cohesive group, originating from a nervous system disturbance involving excitation, loss, or alteration of function, whereby physical complaints that are exhibited unconsciously have no corresponding organic aetiology. MPI is distinct from other collective delusions, also included under the blanket terms of mass hysteria, in that MPI causes symptoms of disease, though there is no organic cause.

Malingering is the fabricating of symptoms of mental or physical disorders for a variety of "secondary gain" motives, which may include financial compensation (often tied to fraud); avoiding school, work or military service; obtaining drugs; getting lighter criminal sentences; or simply to attract attention or sympathy. It is not a medical diagnosis. It falls under the broader scope of illness behavior.

Perturbation is a deviation of a system, moving object, or process from its regular or normal state or path, caused by an outside influence. Perturbation can also mean anxiety or mental uneasiness.

Fear and Anxiety share same bases in brain. A recent report provides new evidence that fear and anxiety reflect overlapping brain circuits. Threat anticipation recruited a remarkably similar network of brain regions, including the amygdala and the BNST. These observations raise important questions about the Research Domain Criteria framework that currently guides the U.S. National Institute of Mental Health's quest to discover the brain circuitry underlying anxiety disorders, depression, and other common mental illnesses.

Anxiety Information Resources

No Anxiety
Anxiety Culture
Anxiety Help
Older Adults & Anxiety
Your Phobia
The Child Mind Institute
Treatment for Anxiety and other Mental Health Problems
Generalized Anxiety Disorder
Freedom from Fear

Anxiety and Depression Association of America, ADAA.

Albert Bandura was responsible for contributions to the field of education and to several fields of psychology, including social cognitive theory, therapy, and personality psychology, and was also of influence in the transition between behaviorism and cognitive psychology. He is known as the originator of social learning theory (renamed the social cognitive theory)[citation needed] and the theoretical construct of self-efficacy, and is also responsible for the influential 1961 Bobo doll experiment. This Bobo doll experiment demonstrated the concept of observational learning.

Desensitizing - Coping

Systematic Desensitization also known as graduated exposure therapy is a type of behavior therapy used in the field of psychology to help effectively overcome phobias and other anxiety disorders. More specifically, it is a form of counter conditioning, a type of pavlovian therapy.

Desensitization Psychology - Exposure Therapy

Counter-Phobic Attitude is a response to anxiety that, instead of fleeing the source of fear in the manner of a phobia, actively seeks out fear or the source of fear, in the hope of overcoming the original anxiousness. Interventions.

Coping Skills and Exposure Therapy in Panic Disorder and Agoraphobia: Latest advances and future directions.

Sometimes when you're nervous, chewing gum or eating something tricks the primal part of your brain into thinking that you couldn't be in danger because you're eating.

Singing can help sometimes reduce anxiety - Music Therapy

Counterconditioning is a form of respondent conditioning that involves the conditioning of an unwanted behavior or response to a stimulus into a wanted behavior or response by the association of positive actions with the stimulus. For example, when training a dog, a person would create a positive response by petting or calming the dog, when the dog reacts anxiously or nervously to a stimulus. Therefore this will associate the positive response with the stimulus, which is also called stimulus substitution. Programming.

Be careful what you watch on TV and understand that what you see and feel may not be real.

Don't Sweat the Small Stuff (stop worrying)

Guided Mastery Treatment of Phobias.

Who is the greater risk — the outside threat, or your own fear

The difference between awareness and worry.

One Thought Leads to Another.

STAR = Stop-Think-Act-Review - Goals
- Mindfulness

When a diagnosis is based upon your description of your symptoms, you better know what you're saying and be able to accurately describe your feelings because you may be misdiagnosed and be given the wrong type of treatment.

In the know is to be informed and aware.

Anxiety is a series of questions that you forgot to answer. And when you have answered those questions accurately, anxiety no longer exists or is reduced significantly and easily managed. It's better to be excited when anticipating a unique moment in time. This way there are no questions to answer, except after the experience is over. You should always be interested to answer questions instead of feeling anxiety about what the questions may be or what the answers may be. After a simple risk assessment, it's time for you to explore the experience. Have fun, and remember that there are no mistakes, there's only learning.

Confusion can come from not knowing, anger can come from not knowing, depression can come from not knowing, and a lot of things can come from not knowing, so it's time to know

Confusion is disorder resulting from a failure to behave predictably. Failure to understand. A mental state characterized by a lack of clear and orderly thought and behavior. A feeling of embarrassment that leaves you confused. An act causing a disorderly combination of elements with identities lost and distinctions blended. A mistake that results from taking one thing to be another.

Misunderstanding is putting the wrong interpretation on something. An understanding of something that is not correct. To interpret something in the wrong way, or to interpret falsely.

Bias - Contradiction

Pandemonium is a state of extreme confusion and distortion or disorder. Chaos.

Delirium is an organically caused decline from a previously attained baseline level of cognitive function. It is typified by fluctuating course, attentional deficits and generalized severe disorganization of behavior. It typically involves other cognitive deficits, changes in arousal (hyperactive, hypoactive, or mixed), perceptual deficits, altered sleep-wake cycle, and psychotic features such as hallucinations and delusions.

Related Subjects - Programming Yourself - Food Knowledge - Weighted Blankets - Animal Assisted Therapy - Relaxation Techniques - Coping - Habits - Behavior - Sanity - Boredom - Self Smart - Confidence - Body Image - Personality - Online Counseling - Emotions - Traumatic Memories - Fear - Stress - Grieving.

Body Affects your Thinking - Thinking Affects your Body

Body and Mind Connections. The body can influence your thoughts, and thoughts can influence the body or change the way you feel. The mind and the body act in unison and can also influence each other. Mental processes and somatic functions are inseparable, and full consciousness requires awareness of one's own body. Things are coupled and linked together. Do you know how to listen effectively? Do you know how to process information effectively? Do you know how to react appropriately? The body can affect the mind, especially a mind that is under-educated or manipulated in some way. Emotions are mostly about how we feel and not so much about how we think. Thinking or being mindful, or exercising our will power is a good way to see how much control we have over our physical self. Learning and acquiring valuable knowledge and information is the key to control.

Words Influence Thoughts - You are what You Think - Gut FeelingsSecond Brain - Microbes - Serotonin - Hormones - Vagus Nerve - Interoception - Manifest - Abstract - Mind - Illness - Body Burden - Body Withdrawal

Intrinsic is something belonging naturally or situated within or belonging solely to the organ or body part on which it acts.

Extrinsic is something originating from the outside. Not happening within like with intrinsic.

Somatic is characteristic of the body as opposed to the mind or spirit.

Embodied Cognition is the concept suggesting that many features of cognition are shaped by the state and capacities of the organism. The cognitive features include a wide spectrum of cognitive functions, such as perception biases, memory recall, comprehension and high-level mental constructs (such as meaning attribution and categories) and performance on various cognitive tasks (reasoning or judgment). The bodily aspects involve the motor system, the perceptual system, the bodily interactions with the environment (situatedness), and the assumptions about the world built the functional structure of organism's brain and body.

Your ability to accurately understand incoming information depends on how much knowledge and information you have and also the skills that are needed to analyze incoming information accurately, whether the information comes from the body or the mind. This way you don't have to have a negative reaction to incoming information, but only a positive reaction, which includes logical decisions that solves a problem and doesn't add to it. Experiencing things doesn't necessarily teach you things, you have to read and educate yourself. Your mind should sit superior to your body.

You need to know the difference between paranoia and Intuition. Intuition is a feeling that can make you aware of something. Paranoia can cause you to have ill feelings, which in turn can cause you to have illogical thoughts, like a horrible bi-directional feedback loop from the senses that can make reality hard to define.

Will Power - Executive Control - Behaviors - Body Image - Dualism - Neurochemicals

Tryptophan can help boost your brain's calm mood and help relax you. Foods like bananas, soy, oats, milk, cheese, poultry, nuts, peanut butter and sesame seeds, to name a few, but it's not the same for everyone. 

Eating Bad Food can influence your thinking and your motivation. A protein rich diet can make you more tolerant. Eating a low carb breakfast may make you a more tolerant person. A high carb, high fat and high sugar diet can make you less tolerant.

Hangry is bad-tempered or irritable as a result of hunger. What happens to your thinking when you're hungry? Over eating can be just as bad for you as under eating. Even blood sugar levels can interfere with thinking. Being hungry can also effect your decision making.

Butterflies in the Stomach is the physical sensation in humans of a "fluttery" feeling in the stomach, caused by a reduction of blood flow to the organ. This is as a result of the release of adrenaline in the fight-or-flight response, which causes increased heart rate and blood pressure, consequently sending more blood to the muscles. Feeling Nervous - Gut Feelings.

Somatic Anxiety is the physical symptoms of anxiety, such as butterflies in the stomach. Basal Ganglia.

Hypothalamic–Pituitary–Adrenal Axis is a complex set of direct influences and feedback interactions among three components: the hypothalamus, the pituitary gland (a pea-shaped structure located below the thalamus), and the adrenal (also called "suprarenal") glands (small, conical organs on top of the kidneys).

Philosophy of Mind deals with the nature of the mind and its relation to the body and the external world.

Mind–Body Problem is a philosophical problem concerning the relationship between thought and consciousness in the human mind, and the body.

Bodymind is an approach to understand the relationship between the human body and mind where they are seen as a single integrated unit.

Mind–Body Dualism denotes either the view that mental phenomena are non-physical, or that the mind and body are distinct and separable.

Study uses artificial intelligence to show how personality influences the expression of our genes. Research uses AI techniques to reveal the interaction between mind and body in maintaining health.

Your mind is a garden, your thoughts are the seeds, you can grow flowers, or you can grow weeds Viruses can influence your thinking and your behavior.

Hormones can influence your thinking and your behavior.

Emotions can influence your thinking and your behavior.

Lack of Sleep can influence your thinking and your behavior.

Meditation can influence your thinking and your behavior.

Weather and the environment can influence
your thinking and your behavior.

Disease can influence your thinking and your behavior.

Brain Tumors and Brain Injuries and Toxins can influence your thinking and your behavior.

Drugs and medications and what you eat can influence your thinking and your behavior.

Other People can influence your thinking and your behavior.

Perception of your body or body image can influence your thinking and your behavior.

Awareness - Perspective - Focus - Will Power Illusion

Past Experiences can influence your thinking and your behavior.

Lack of Knowledge can influence your thinking and your behavior.

The Level of Education you have can influence your thinking and your behavior, especially when you have knowledge about all the different things that can influence your thinking. 

Money and privilege can influence your thinking and your behavior. Ideology and Religion can influence your behavior.

Immune System affects Mind and Body, study indicates. Immune cells produce molecule that influences vigilance, alertness in mice. Researchers have discovered that a molecule produced by the immune system acts on the brain to change the behavior of mice. Immune molecule -- IL-17 -- is produced by immune cells residing in areas around the brain, and it could affect brain function through interactions with neurons to influence anxiety-like behaviors in mice. L-17 is a cytokine, a signaling molecule that orchestrates the immune response to infection by activating and directing immune cells.

Jumping Gene found to be strongly linked to depression, fear, and anxiety. By combining molecular biology with neuroscience, researchers have found that a well-known gene works to withstand psychiatric stress. The Tob gene is related to many different phenomena but working on the brain system is particularly challenging.

High Blood Pressure may contribute to Neurotic Behavior in Some People. Recent research suggests that high blood pressure may lead to an increase in neurotic behaviors. Anxiety and new onset of cardiovascular disease: critical review and meta-analysis.

Mendelian Randomization is a method of using measured variation in genes of known function to examine the causal effect of a modifiable exposure on disease in observational studies. A method using measured variation in genes to interrogate the causal effect of an exposure on an outcome.

Placebo Effect

Psychogenic is an illness caused by mental or emotional behavioral factors rather than having a physical origin. Something relating to the mind rather than the body. Something that originates from the brain instead of other physical organs. Looking for Attention.

Psychogenic Disease is a disease in which mental stressors cause physical symptoms of different diseases. The manifestation of physical symptoms without biologically identifiable causes results from disruptions of processes in the brain from psychological stress.

Psychosomatic is a physical illness or other condition caused or aggravated by a mental factor such as internal conflict or stress that is relating to the interaction of mind and body. Weather Pains.

Psychosomatic Medicine is an interdisciplinary medical field exploring the relationships among social, psychological, and behavioral factors on bodily processes and quality of life in humans and animals. When mental processes act as a major factor affecting medical outcomes are areas where psychosomatic medicine has competence. Hypochondriac.

Psychophysiology is the branch of physiology that is concerned with the relationship between mental (psyche) and physical (physiological) processes. It is the scientific study of the interaction between mind and body. Psychophysiology measures exist in three domains; reports, readings, and behavior. Evaluative reports involve participant introspection and self-ratings of internal psychological states or physiological sensations, such as self-report of arousal levels on the self-assessment manikin, or measures of interoceptive visceral awareness such as heartbeat detection. Merits to self-report are an emphasis on accurately understand the participants' subjective experience and understanding their perception; however, its pitfalls include the possibility of participants misunderstanding a scale or incorrectly recalling events. Physiological responses also can be measured via instruments that read bodily events such as heart rate change, electrodermal activity (EDA), muscle tension, and cardiac output. Many indices are part of modern psychophysiology, including brain waves (electroencephalography, EEG), fMRI (functional magnetic resonance imaging), electrodermal activity (a standardized term encompassing skin conductance response, SCR, and galvanic skin response, GSR), cardiovascular measures (heart rate, HR; beats per minute, BPM; heart rate variability, HRV; vasomotor activity), muscle activity (electromyography, EMG), electrogastrogram (EGG) changes in pupil diameter with thought and emotion (pupillometry), eye movements, recorded via the electro-oculogram (EOG) and direction-of-gaze methods, and cardiodynamics, recorded via impedance cardiography. These measures are beneficial because they provide accurate and perceiver-independent objective data recorded by machinery. The downsides, however, are that any physical activity or motion can alter responses, and basal levels of arousal and responsiveness can differ among individuals and even between situations. Finally, one can measure overt action or behavior, which involves the observation and recording actual actions, such as running, freezing, eye movement, and facial expression. These are good response measures and easy to record in animals, but they are not as frequently used in human studies.

Bodily Sensations give rise to conscious feelings. Researches show how the subjective feelings map into five major categories: positive emotions, negative emotions, cognitive functions, somatic states, and illnesses. All these feelings were imbued with strong bodily sensations. Synesthesia.

Gut health and mood genetically entwined. Researchers have provided clues to how the gut and brain work together by studying health data from nearly half a million people.

Mind-Body Medicine focuses on the interactions among the brain, mind, body, and behavior, and the powerful ways in which emotional, mental, social, spiritual, and behavioral factors can directly affect health. Mind–body techniques include relaxation, hypnosis, visual imagery, meditation, biofeedback, cognitive–behavioral therapies, group support, and spirituality as well as expressive arts therapies such as art, music, or dance. The mind-body connection is how your body responds to stress. Constant worry and stress over jobs, finances, or other problems can cause tense muscles, pain, headaches, and stomach problems. It may also lead to high blood pressure or other serious problems.

The Center for Mind-Body Medicine - Holistic Medicine - Endocannabinoid System.

Psychoneuroimmunology is the study of the interaction between psychological processes and the nervous system and immune system of the human body. PNI takes an interdisciplinary approach, incorporating psychology, neuroscience, immunology, physiology, genetics, pharmacology, molecular biology, psychiatry, behavioral medicine, infectious diseases, endocrinology, and rheumatology. The main interests of PNI are the interactions between the nervous and immune systems and the relationships between mental processes and health. PNI studies, among other things, the physiological functioning of the neuroimmune system in health and disease; disorders of the neuroimmune system (autoimmune diseases; hypersensitivities; immune deficiency); and the physical, chemical and physiological characteristics of the components of the neuroimmune system in vitro, in situ, and in vivo.

Biopsychosocial Model is an inter-disciplinary model that looks at the interconnection between biology, psychology, and socio-environmental factors. The model specifically examines how these aspects play a role in topics ranging from health and disease, to human development. The biopsychosocial model reflects the development of illness through the complex interaction of biological factors (genetic, biochemical, etc.), psychological factors (mood, personality, behavior, etc.) and social factors (cultural, familial, socioeconomic, medical, etc.) Specifically, Engel revolutionized medical thinking by re-proposing a separation of body and mind. The idea of mind–body dualism goes back at least to René Descartes, but was forgotten during the biomedical approach. Engel emphasized that the biomedical approach is flawed because the body alone does not contribute to illness. Instead, the individual mind (psychological and social factors) plays a significant role in how an illness is caused and how it is treated. Engel proposes a dialogue between the patient and the doctor in order to find the most effective treatment solution.

Biofeedback is the technique of gaining greater awareness of many physiological functions of one's own body by using electronic or other instruments, and with a goal of being able to manipulate the body's systems at will. Humans conduct biofeedback naturally all the time, at varied levels of consciousness and intentionality. Biofeedback and the biofeedback loop can also be thought of as self-regulation. Some of the processes that can be controlled include brainwaves, muscle tone, skin conductance, heart rate and pain perception. Biofeedback may be used to improve health, performance, and the physiological changes that often occur in conjunction with changes to thoughts, emotions, and behavior.

Biosignal is any signal in living beings that can be continually measured and monitored.

Electrodermal Activity is the property of the human body that causes continuous variation in the electrical characteristics of the skin. Historically, EDA has also been known as skin conductance, galvanic skin response, electrodermal response, psychogalvanic reflex, skin conductance response, sympathetic skin response or SSR and skin conductance level. The long history of research into the active and passive electrical properties of the skin by a variety of disciplines has resulted in an excess of names, now standardized to electrodermal activity or EDA. The traditional theory of EDA holds that skin resistance varies with the state of sweat glands in the skin. Sweating is controlled by the sympathetic nervous system, and skin conductance is an indication of psychological or physiological arousal. If the sympathetic branch of the autonomic nervous system is highly aroused, then sweat gland activity also increases, which in turn increases skin conductance. In this way, skin conductance can be a measure of emotional and sympathetic responses. More recent research and additional phenomena (resistance, potential, impedance, electrochemical skin conductance, and admittance, sometimes responsive and sometimes apparently spontaneous) suggest that EDA is more complex than it seems, and research continues into the source and significance of EDA. EDA is a common measure of autonomic nervous system activity, with a long history of being used in psychological research. Many biofeedback therapy devices utilize EDA as an indicator of the user's stress response with the goal of helping the user to control anxiety.

E-Meter, originally the electropsychometer, is an electronic device for displaying the electrodermal activity of a human being. The efficacy and legitimacy of Scientology's use of the E-meter has been subject to extensive litigation, and, in accordance with a federal court order, the Church of Scientology publishes disclaimers declaring that the E-meter "by itself does nothing", is incapable of improving health, and is used specifically for spiritual purposes. EDA meters were first developed in 1889 in Russia, and psychotherapists began using them as tools for therapy in the 1900s. Acupuncture.

Situationism in psychology is an approach to behavior which holds that general traits do not exist (perhaps apart from intelligence). Behavior, then, is seen as being influenced by external, situational factors rather than internal traits or motivations.

Seasonal Affective Disorder

Functional Disorder is a medical condition that impairs normal functioning of bodily processes that remains largely undetected under examination, dissection or even under a microscope. At the exterior, there is no appearance of abnormality. This stands in contrast to a structural disorder (in which some part of the body can be seen to be abnormal) or a psychosomatic disorder (in which symptoms are caused by psychological or psychiatric illness). Definitions vary somewhat between fields of medicine. Generally, the mechanism that causes a functional disorder is unknown, poorly understood, or occasionally unimportant for treatment purposes. The brain or nerves are often believed to be involved. It is common that a person with one functional disorder will have others.

The brain and body is designed to like things that we think are good for us and designed to not like things that we think are bad for us. These indicators are necessary for human life to be enjoyable and self motivating. But these innate indicators of pleasure are not always accurate. We might like things that are bad for us and not like things that are good for us. So it's not a perfect system, especially if the person is ignorant or undereducated, like most people are. Just because it feels good or tastes good does not guarantee that it is good for you, or without risk.

Assessments (observation flaws)

Certain Thoughts can affect your Body (placebos)

Body Mind Emotional Connections (depression)

Our thoughts alter our tactile perception. If we sincerely believe that our index finger is five times bigger than it really is, our sense of touch improves. Researchers demonstrated that this is the case in an experiment in which the participants were put under professional hypnosis. When the participants signaled that they understood the opposite hypnotic suggestion that their index finger was five times smaller than it actually was, their sense of touch deteriorated accordingly. The study shows that our tactile perception is affected and can be altered by our mental processes.

Anhedonia is a diverse array of deficits in hedonic function, including reduced motivation or ability to experience pleasure. While earlier definitions of anhedonia emphasized the inability to experience pleasure, anhedonia is used by researchers to refer to reduced motivation, reduced anticipatory pleasure (wanting), reduced consummatory pleasure (liking), and deficits in reinforcement learning.

Things beyond our Awareness

Behavioral, Neural, and Computational Principles of Bodily Self-Consciousness, our perception of our body and environment affects how we feel. Body Image.

The Human Project is a research platform that serves as a public resource for learning everything possible about the connections between our minds, bodies, and environment to enable the development of new theories, therapeutics, and policy recommendations to solve the toughest societal challenges facing us today.

Chemoreceptor - Mechanoreceptor

Motion Sickness is a condition in which a disagreement exists between visually perceived movement and the vestibular system's sense of movement. Depending on the cause, it can also be referred to as seasickness, car sickness, simulation sickness, kinetosis, travel sickness, or airsickness. Dizziness.

Mind and Body Interventions - Executive Functions - One Though Leads to Another Thought.

Depression in Young People Affects the Stomach, Anxiety the Skin.

Neural basis of a Mind-Body Connection. Neural networks connect the cerebral cortex to the adrenal medulla, which is responsible for the body's rapid response in stress, depression and other mental states that can alter organ function.

Adrenal Medulla is part of the adrenal gland. It is located at the center of the gland, being surrounded by the adrenal cortex. It is the innermost part of the adrenal gland, consisting of cells that secrete epinephrine (adrenaline), norepinephrine (noradrenaline), and a small amount of dopamine in response to stimulation by sympathetic preganglionic neurons. Rather than releasing a neurotransmitter, the cells of the adrenal medulla secrete hormones.

When a mountain climber experiences Hypothermia, they can make the person feel hot, so they remove all their clothes, even though the air temperature is below freezing, this is why some mountain climbers are found dead with no clothes on.

Anti-Anxiety Diet can help control blood sugar swings that could feed your fears because you lack strength and energy to think straight and calm yourself. Breathing properly can help calm the sympathetic nervous system.

Not only do we need to accurately interpret what other people are saying, but we need to know how to accurately interpret our own thoughts. Not only do you need to carefully listen when other people are speaking, but you also need to carefully listen to your thoughts and what you are thinking. You also need to understand the underlying meaning of your thoughts. This is why awareness needs to be fully understood. It's more then a conscience or an operating system, it's an important ability that needs to be fully understood in order for it to benefit you, otherwise it's a wasted gift.

Meditation Influences Thoughts and Body.

Limbic System is sometimes our emotional “pacemaker” that helps regulate emotions using brain neurons connecting to the prefrontal cortex. Amygdala.

Learning stronger coping mechanisms could help too as well as keeping away from people who push your buttons.

When the body is stressed or has infections, the body causes you to feel bad and feel that something is wrong and not right, that's because the body wants you to know that something is bad and that something is happening inside you that is wrong, and the body wants you to know this so that you can take the necessary actions that would improve the health of your body and relive the dangers that the body is facing. But this body mind communication is not understood by most people. There is no human manual that would explain the language that the body uses to communicate to the mind, or shows you how to accurately interpret the signals that the body is generating. That human manual is being built here on this website. But this human manual is still a work in progress and not the finished product, but soon. Calm Mind, Calm Body.

Hidden Linkages: Scientists Find Mind-Body Connection Is Built Into Brain. Researchers have discovered a connection between the brain areas controlling movement and those involved in thinking, planning, and involuntary bodily functions like blood pressure and heartbeat. The findings suggest a literal linkage between body and mind in the brain’s structure. Researchers named this newly identified network the Somato-Cognitive Action Network or SCAN. This study may help explain phenomena such as anxiety-induced pacing, the effects of vagus nerve stimulation on depression, and the positive outlook reported by regular exercisers.

Pacing is walking at a steady and consistent speed, especially back and forth and as an expression of one's anxiety or annoyance.

Psychomotor Agitation is a symptom in various disorders and health conditions. It is characterized by unintentional and purposeless motions and restlessness, often but not always accompanied by emotional distress.

Mind-Body Interface alternates with effector-specific regions in motor cortex. The motor cortex or M1 has been thought to form a continuous somatotopic homunculus extending down the precentral gyrus from foot to face representations, despite evidence for concentric functional zones3 and maps of complex actions4. Here, using precision functional magnetic resonance imaging methods, we find that the classic homunculus is interrupted by regions with distinct connectivity, structure and function, alternating with effector-specific (foot, hand and mouth) areas. These inter-effector regions exhibit decreased cortical thickness and strong functional connectivity to each other, as well as to the cingulo-opercular network, critical for action5 and physiological control, arousal, errors8 and pain9. This interdigitation of action control-linked and motor effector regions was verified in the three largest fMRI datasets. Macaque and pediatric (newborn, infant and child) precision fMRI suggested cross-species homologues and developmental precursors of the inter-effector system. A battery of motor and action fMRI tasks documented concentric effector somatotopies, separated by the CON-linked inter-effector regions. The inter-effectors lacked movement specificity and co-activated during action planning (coordination of hands and feet) and axial body movement (such as of the abdomen or eyebrows). These results, together with previous studies demonstrating stimulation-evoked complex actions4 and connectivity to internal organs10 such as the adrenal medulla, suggest that M1 is punctuated by a system for whole-body action planning, the somato-cognitive action network (SCAN). In M1, two parallel systems intertwine, forming an integrate–isolate pattern: effector-specific regions (foot, hand and mouth) for isolating fine motor control and the SCAN for integrating goals, physiology and body movement. Primary motor cortex area is considered the main source of signals that control voluntary movements. Somato-cognitive action network alternates with effector regions in motor cortex.

The brain's motor cortex appears to link control of specific muscles with information about the entire body and brain. As a result, the act of reaching for a cup of coffee can directly influence blood pressure and heart rate. And the movement is seamlessly integrated into brain systems involved in planning, goals and emotion. The new view of primary motor cortex may help explain how the brain solves a difficult problem, Even simple movements require nuanced control of all organ systems, such as controlling heart rate, blood pressure and controlling fight and flight responses. So it makes sense that the same ribbon of brain tissue involved in a movement like standing up would be connected to all those other brain areas. A system that weaves together movement and mental states also could explain why our posture changes with our mood, or why exercise tends to make us feel better. How you move can have an impact on how you feel. And how you feel is going to have an impact on how you move. Classical Conditioning

Reboot - Reset - Start Again

Reboot is to cause a machine to reload an operating system and start from the initial processes, usually by powering off and then turning back on. Like going to sleep and then waking up refreshed. Now where was I? Reboot in computing is the process by which a running computer system is restarted, either intentionally or unintentionally. Turned off and then turned back on.

Baseline - Default Settings - Systems Check

Anew is to start again but in a new or different way.

Reset is to restart something back into its original state again because of a problem occurring. Set to zero.

Reset Button is a button that can reset a device.

Reset in computing clears any pending errors or events and brings a system to normal condition or an initial state, usually in a controlled manner. It is usually done in response to an error condition when it is impossible or undesirable for a processing activity to proceed and all error recovery mechanisms fail.

Reprogram - Revise - Rehabilitate - Improve - Adapt - Extinction - Cycles - Transition - Development - Simplicity - Sleep Learning - Forgetting - Overload - Computer Virus - Drug Mindful

Resting - Sensory Reset - Nervous System Reset - Vagus Nerve Reset - Sleeping

System Restore allows a computer user to revert their computer's current state to a previous point in time when the computer was operating and functioning normally. Can be used to recover from system malfunctions or other problems, including system files, installed applications, Windows Registry, and system settings.

A 'Factory Reset' for the brain may cure anxiety, drinking behavior, study suggests. Gene editing reverses brain genetic reprogramming caused by adolescent binge drinking. The researchers used a gene-editing tool called CRISPR-dCas9 in their experiments to manipulate the histone acetylation and methylation processes at the Arc gene in models of adult rats. Early binge drinking can have long-lasting and significant effects on the brain and the results of this study offer evidence that gene editing is a potential antidote to these effects, offering a kind of factory reset for the brain.

Born Again is to experience a spiritual rebirth or a regeneration of the human spirit.

The mind doesn't stop thinking. The mind is always processing information. The brain was designed that way, it's always on, except for when we sleep. The brain goes on standby mode when we sleep, but the mind is not off, the brain is just doing other things while you sleep. And after sleeping, you usually wake up slowly. You have to boot up first, and sometimes you have to reboot the mind a couple of times until you're feel fully awake and aware. So you need to know what you're rebooting to. How do you know if you are the exact same person that you were yesterday? Something could have change in your thinking and you wouldn't even know it. Maybe you should have a list of questions to ask yourself. And the answers will confirm that you are who you say you are. Like a password or secret phrase. And you also have to do a body check. Sometimes we wake up on the wrong side of the bed. You may wake up feeling weird. Maybe from not sleeping enough, or because of crazy dreams you had, or maybe it's some physical imbalance, and the body is telling you that you have an imbalance. So you're going to feel a little weird until your body can fix the imbalance. So you don't want to ignore your body, your body may be telling you something important. But you also don't want the body to influence your thinking or cloud your thinking. So you have to try to understand what the body is telling you. Your body may need certain nutrients, rest or exercise. Remember, a sound mind needs a sound body. So you must stay in control your mind, it's your last defense. If you're not thinking clearly, then you could make mistakes that can make things worse. So stay alert and keep educating yourself.

Waking up on the wrong side of the bed means that for some reason you wake up in a bad mood or in a foul mood, and you may feel irritable or grumpy or have a negative attitude. You may feel tired, unhappy, uncomfortable or little stressed out, or feel like your in an emotional haze. This phrase or saying is thought to originated from the romans. Romans were very careful always to get up on the correct side of the bed to ensure that good luck would follow them through their days.

When you wake up, how do you find yourself? Where are you located? How do you verify if there has been any changes that may have occurred since yesterday. We take for granted that we are the same person that we were yesterday. But we are always developing, so how do you confirm if you are developing in the right way? Are you carrying any negativity from yesterday? Are you improved in someway since yesterday? How do you know that you woke up on the right-side of the bed when you're not totally sure what the right side is or what the wrong side is.

Booting is the process of starting a computer. It can be initiated by hardware such as a button press, or by a software command. After it is switched on, a computer's central processing unit or CPU has no software in its main memory, so some process must load software into memory before it can be executed. This may be done by hardware or firmware in the CPU, or by a separate processor in the computer system. Boot Loaders is a small program that starts a sequence that is known as a bootstrap loader, bootstrap or boot loader. This small program's only job is to load other data and programs which are then executed from RAM. Often, multiple-stage boot loaders are used, during which several programs of increasing complexity load one after the other in a process of chain loading. Multi-Booting or Dual Boot System is the act of installing multiple operating systems on a computer, and being able to choose which one to boot. The term dual-booting refers to the common configuration of specifically two operating systems. Multi-booting may require a custom boot loader.

Hibernation in computing is powering down a computer while retaining its state. When hibernation begins, the computer saves the contents of its random access memory to a hard disk or other non-volatile storage. When the computer is turned on the RAM is restored and the computer is exactly as it was before entering hibernation.

Standby Mode is a power management state that saves the state of the system and peripheral devices in Random Access Memory. Power consumption reduces to a minimum, and the system remains turned on. To return the system to the active state, press any key or the POWER switch on the computer.

Sleep Mode is a low power mode to save on electrical consumption compared to leaving a device fully on and, upon resume, allow the user to avoid having to reissue instructions or to wait for a machine to boot. The processing functions of the machine are lowered, using a trickle of power to preserve the contents of RAM and support waking up.

Fresh Start - Joan Jett and the Blackhearts (youtube)

Computer Maintenance Tips (help)

Safe Mode is a diagnostic mode of a computer operating system (OS). It can also refer to a mode of operation by application software. In Windows, safe mode only allows essential system programs and services to start up at boot. Safe mode is intended to help fix most, if not all problems within an operating system. It is also widely used for removing rogue security software.

Crash in computing occurs when a computer program, such as a software application or an operating system, stops functioning properly and exits. The program responsible may appear to hang until a crash reporting service reports the crash and any details relating to it. If the program is a critical part of the operating system, the entire system may crash or hang, often resulting in a kernel panic or fatal system error. Most crashes are the result of executing invalid machine instructions. Typical causes include incorrect address values in the program counter, buffer overflow, overwriting a portion of the affected program code due to an earlier bug, accessing invalid memory addresses, using an illegal opcode or triggering an unhandled exception. The original software bug that started this chain of events is typically considered to be the cause of the crash, which is discovered through the process of debugging. The original bug can be far removed from the code that actually crashed. In earlier personal computers, attempting to write data to hardware addresses outside the system's main memory could cause hardware damage. Some crashes are exploitable and let a malicious program or hacker to execute arbitrary code allowing the replication of viruses or the acquisition of data which would normally be inaccessible.

Mental Breakdowns are in some ways like a Computer System Crashing. Sometimes on the Reboot there's a loss of information. Retrieving that information is important to being yourself again. That is, if you truly knew yourself to begin with. You have to Know yourself and know the key attributes that make you who you are. Know these characteristics and know the words that describe these characteristics. You may have to reboot someday and recall who you were.

Borked your computer means that the PC is broken or wrongly designed or configured and no longer functions properly, which means that you may have to completely reinstall the operating system as if it were a new machine.

Software Bug is an error, flaw, failure or fault in a computer program or system that causes it to produce an incorrect or unexpected result, or to behave in unintended ways. The process of fixing bugs is termed "debugging" and often uses formal techniques or tools to pinpoint bugs, and since the 1950s, some computer systems have been designed to also deter, detect or auto-correct various computer bugs during operations.

Debugging is the process of finding and resolving defects or problems within a computer program that prevent correct operation of computer software or a system. Debugging tactics can involve interactive debugging, control flow analysis, unit testing, integration testing, log file analysis, monitoring at the application or system level, memory dumps, and profiling, which is a form of dynamic program analysis that measures, for example, the space (memory) or time complexity of a program, the usage of particular instructions, or the frequency and duration of function calls. Most commonly, profiling information serves to aid program optimization. Profiling is achieved by instrumenting either the program source code or its binary executable form using a tool called a profiler (or code profiler). Profilers may use a number of different techniques, such as event-based, statistical, instrumented, and simulation methods.

To Turn Over A New Leaf means to start a new life again or to change your behavior in a positive way.

Reboot in fiction film signifies a new start to an established fictional universe, work, or series. A reboot discards continuity to re-create its characters, plotlines and backstory from the beginning. It has been described as a way to "rebrand" or "restart an entertainment universe that has already been established". Another definition of a reboot is a remake which is part of an established film series or other media franchise. The term has been criticised for being a vague and "confusing" "buzzword", and a neologism for remake, a concept which has been losing popularity since the 2010s. William Proctor proposes that there is a distinction between reboots, remakes and retcons.

Reset Button Technique is a plot device that interrupts continuity in works of fiction. Simply put, use of a reset button device returns all characters and situations to the status quo they held before a major change of some sort was introduced. Typically it occurs either in the middle of a program and negates a portion of it, or it occurs at the beginning, or very end, of a program to negate all that came before it.

The Big Reboot is Coming. Stepping back and starting over, right from the very beginning, at the exact moment when the first bit of information was received. We are still preserving our original information during the reboot, but this time, we define the information line by line, file by file, all the way done to every single living organism. This will be done using world coalitions from all over the planet. This may take some time, but humans have the ability to control time by understanding the rules and laws of nature.

What is your Baseline? - Who Am I? - What are my Default Stetting's?

All the things that are happening in my life are sometimes mind blowing and overwhelming. I'm just amazed by everything that is happening around me, like I'm in the middle of all these different things happening all at once, or perceived to be happening all at once. It's not what happens in the world, It's how you react to the world. You can't control everything, but you do need to control some of the things that are important, like stress. If you can't control stress, you will physically and mentally hurt yourself. You have to do what ever it takes to reset, relax and reaffirm. Sit quietly or meditate, read affirmations, do some yoga, remember to sleep, remember to exercise, remember to explore, remember to do something fun, and remember to read your goals and to read your things to do list. And Know the reasons why you're doing the things that you do. Reaffirm and reevaluate. Keep track of your accomplishments, and manage your time effectively and efficiently as possible. There are going to be bad days. You've had bad days before. So you have to keep learning and keep exercising your control. Remind yourself of the controls that you have over the outside world, as well as the inside world. Your memory must never be taken for granted, for there are many distractions everywhere. And don't ever punish yourself for making mistakes, just keep learning.

Twenty One Pilots: Ride I been thinking too much.. (youtube)

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