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Management


Manage is to handle Effectively, to achieve a Goal, to be in Charge and to Supervise, to be Responsible, to be Successful.

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Whether you're managing a business or managing your life, Management Skills can be applied to almost any problem. So the question is, can you manage that? Balance

"You cannot manage what you do not measure."

Time Management - Prioritizing People in Meeting talking about Business
City Management
Maintenance
Responsibilities
Best Practice
Service - Oaths
Production
Quality Control
Documentation
Employee Management
Problem Solving
Planning
Math
Knowledge Management


Management Styles


Management refers to the individuals who set the strategy of the organization and coordinate the efforts of employees (or volunteers, in the case of some voluntary organizations) to accomplish objectives by using available human, financial and other resources efficiently and effectively. Resourcing encompasses the deployment and manipulation of human resources, financial resources, technological resources, natural resources and other resources.

Development

Concepts Management is the process of planning, organizing, staffing, directing, coordinating and controlling the activities of business enterprises. It is also described as the technique of leadership, decision making and a mean of coordinating.

Intelligent Management is the process of managing and organizing the collection of intelligence from various sources.

Scientific Management analyzes and synthesizes workflows to improve economic efficiency, especially labor productivity.

Adaptive Management is a structured, iterative process of robust decision making in the face of uncertainty, with an aim to reducing uncertainty over time via system monitoring. In this way, decision making simultaneously meets one or more resource management objectives and, either passively or actively, accrues information needed to improve future management. Adaptive management is a tool which should be used not only to change a system, but also to learn about the system (Holling 1978). Because adaptive management is based on a learning process, it improves long-run management outcomes. The challenge in using the adaptive management approach lies in finding the correct balance between gaining knowledge to improve management in the future and achieving the best short-term outcome based on current knowledge.

Strategic Management involves the formulation and implementation of the major goals and initiatives taken by a company's top management on behalf of owners, based on consideration of resources and an assessment of the internal and external environments in which the organization competes. It involves specifying the organization's objectives, developing policies and plans designed to achieve these objectives, and then allocating resources to implement the plans.

Self-Manage

Micromanagement is a management style whereby a manager closely observes or controls the work of subordinates or employees. Micromanagement generally has a negative connotation.

Senior Management is a team of individuals at the highest level of management of an organization who have the day-to-day tasks of managing that organization.

Turnaround Management is a process dedicated to corporate renewal. It uses analysis and planning to save troubled companies and returns them to solvency, and to identify the reasons for failing performance in the market, and rectify them. Turnaround management involves management review, root failure causes analysis, and SWOT analysis to determine why the company is failing. Once gdg analysis is completed, a long term strategic plan and restructuring plan are created. These plans may or may not involve a bankruptcy filing. Once approved, turnaround professionals begin to implement the plan, continually reviewing its progress and make changes to the plan as needed to ensure the company returns to solvency.

Decentralization is the process of redistributing or dispersing functions, powers, people or things away from a central location or authority,

Collaboration

Management System is the framework of policies, processes and procedures used by an organization to ensure that it can fulfill all the tasks required to achieve its objectives. PDF

Content Management System - CMS

Management Basics (gov)

Subscription Business Model is a business model where a customer must pay a subscription price to have access to a product or service. The model was pioneered by magazines and newspapers, but is now used by many businesses and websites.

Recurring Billing Management
E-Commerce Management
Subscription Billing
Billing and Payments Software
Subscription Billing Solutions

Business Model is an "abstract representation of an organization, be it conceptual, textual, and/or graphical, of all core interrelated architectural, co-operational, and financial arrangements designed and developed by an organization presently and in the future, as well as all core products and/or services the organization offers, or will offer, based on these arrangements that are needed to achieve its strategic goals and objective.

Risk

Risk Management is the identification, assessment, and prioritization of risks by coordinated and economical application of resources to minimize, monitor, and control the probability and/or impact of unfortunate events or to maximize the realization of opportunities. Risk management’s objective is to assure uncertainty does not deflect the endeavor from the business goals.

Precautionary Principle states that if an action or policy has a suspected risk of causing harm to the public, or to the environment, in the absence of scientific consensus (that the action or policy is not harmful), the burden of proof that it is not harmful falls on those taking an action that may or may not be a risk.

Actuary is a business professional who deals with the measurement and management of risk and uncertainty.

Research

Risk Assessment is the determination of quantitative or qualitative estimate of risk related to a well-defined situation and a recognized threat (also called hazard) Quantitative risk assessment requires calculations of two components of risk (R): the magnitude of the potential loss (L), and the probability (p) that the loss will occur. An acceptable risk is a risk that is understood and tolerated usually because the cost or difficulty of implementing an effective countermeasure for the associated vulnerability exceeds the expectation of loss. "Health risk assessment" includes variations, such as risk as the type and severity of response, with or without a probabilistic context.

Risk Perception is the subjective judgment that people make about the characteristics and severity of a Risk. The phrase is most commonly used in reference to natural hazards and threats to the environment or health, such as nuclear power. Several theories have been proposed to explain why different people make different estimates of the dangerousness of risks.

Gambling - Risk Taking - Adventures

Business Simulation is simulation used for business training, education or analysis. It can be scenario-based or numeric-based.

Business Simulation Game accurate simulation of real-world events using algorithms,  as well as the close tying of players' actions to expected or plausible consequences and outcomes.

Cost - Measuring True Cost

Productivity
Engineering
Innovation
Network Management
Business Tools

Learning Organization
Community Learning
 
Flat Organization has an organizational structure with few or no levels of middle management between staff and executives. An organization's structure refers to the nature of the distribution of the units and positions within it, also to the nature of the relationships among those units and positions. Tall and flat organizations differ based on how many levels of management are present in the organization, and how much control managers are endowed with.

Professional Organizers



Employees - Workforce


Employees Employee contributes labor and expertise to an endeavor of an employer or of a person conducting a business or undertaking and is usually hired to perform specific duties which are packaged into a job. An employee is a person who is hired to provide services to a company on a regular basis in exchange for compensation.

Employment is a relationship between two parties, usually based on a contract where work is paid.

Professions

Recruitment refers to the overall process of attracting, selecting and appointing suitable candidates for jobs (either permanent or temporary) within an organization.

Employment Contract is a kind of contract used in labour law to attribute rights and responsibilities between parties to a bargain. The contract is between an "employee" and an "employer". It has arisen out of the old master-servant law, used before the 20th century. But generally, the contract of employment denotes a relationship of economic dependence and social subordination.

Labour Law mediates the relationship between workers, employing entities, trade unions and the government. Collective labour law relates to the tripartite relationship between employee, employer and union. Individual labour law concerns employees' rights at work and through the contract for work. Employment standards are social norms (in some cases also technical standards) for the minimum socially acceptable conditions under which employees or contractors are allowed to work. Government agencies (such as the former US Employment Standards Administration) enforce labour law (legislative, regulatory, or judicial).

Employee Handbook is a book given to employees by an employer. Usually, the employee handbook contains information about company policies and procedures. The employee handbook can be used to bring together employment and job-related information which employees need to know. It typically has three types of content: Cultural: A welcome statement, the company's mission or purpose, company values, and more. General Information: holiday arrangements, company perks, policies not required by law, policy summaries, and more. Case-Specific: company policies, rules, disciplinary and grievance procedures, and other information modeled after employment laws or regulations.

Business Rule is a rule that defines or constrains some aspect of business and always resolves to either true or false. Business rules are intended to assert business structure or to control or influence the behavior of the business. Business rules describe the operations, definitions and constraints that apply to an organization. Business rules can apply to people, processes, corporate behavior and computing systems in an organization, and are put in place to help the organization achieve its goals.

Human Resource Management is the management of human resources. It is designed to maximize employee performance in service of an employer's strategic objectives. HR is primarily concerned with the management of people within organizations, focusing on policies and on systems. HR departments are responsible for overseeing employee benefits design, employee recruitment, training and development, performance appraisal, and rewarding (e.g., managing pay and benefit systems). HR also concerns itself with organizational change and industrial relations, that is, the balancing of organizational practices with requirements arising from collective bargaining and from governmental laws.

Human Resource Management System is a form of HR software that combines a number of systems and processes to ensure the easy management of a business’s employees and data. These systems could deal with everything from payroll to performance evaluation, covering the whole business. Human Resources Software is used by businesses to combine a number of necessary HR functions, such as storing employee data, managing payrolls, recruitment processes, benefits administration and keeping track of attendance records. It ensures everyday Human Resources processes are manageable and easy to access.

Human Resources are the people who make up the workforce of an organization, business sector, or economy. "Human capital" is sometimes used synonymously with "human resources", although human capital typically refers to a more narrow view (i.e., the knowledge the individuals embody and economic growth). Likewise, other terms sometimes used include "manpower", "talent", "labour", "personnel", or simply "people". A human-resources department (HR department) of an organization performs human resource management, overseeing various aspects of employment, such as compliance with labour law and employment standards, administration of employee benefits, and some aspects of recruitment and dismissal.

Background (credit history)

Glass Ceiling is a metaphor used to represent an invisible barrier that keeps a given demographic (typically applied to women) from rising beyond a certain level in a hierarchy.

SARF - Status, Certainty, Autonomy, Relatedness, Fairness Key Performance Indicator is a type of performance measurement. KPIs evaluate the success of an organization or of a particular activity in which it engages. Often success is simply the repeated, periodic achievement of some levels of operational goal (e.g. zero defects, 10/10 customer satisfaction, etc.), and sometimes success is defined in terms of making progress toward strategic goals.

Experience Curve Effects is the relationship between equations for experience and efficiency or between efficiency gains and investment in the effort.

Performance Appraisal is a method by which the job performance of an employee is documented and evaluated. Performance appraisals are a part of career development and consist of regular reviews of employee performance within organizations. (also referred to as a performance review, performance evaluation,(career) development discussion, or employee appraisal).

Competence Appraisal

Industrial and Organizational Psychology is the science of human behaviour relating to work and applies psychological theories and principles to organizations and individuals in their places of work.

Workplace Politics is the process and behavior in human interactions involving power and authority.[1] It is also a tool to assess the operational capacity and to balance diverse views of interested parties. It is also known as office politics and organizational politics. It is the use of power and social networking within an organization to achieve changes that benefit the organization or individuals within it. Influence by individuals may serve personal interests without regard to their effect on the organization itself.

Employee Work Principles (employee qualities)

Work Ethic - Qualities - Morals

Organizational Behavior is the study of human behavior in organizational settings, the interface between human behavior and the organization, and the organization itself. OB research can be categorized in at least three ways, including the study of (a) individuals in organizations (micro-level), (b) work groups (meso-level), and (c) how organizations behave (macro-level).

Workplace Psychology means creating an environment that is relatively enjoyable and productive. This also means creating a work schedule that does not lead to emotional and physical distress.

Organizational Culture encompasses values and behaviours that "contribute to the unique social and psychological environment of an organization." According to Needle (2004), organizational culture represents the collective values, beliefs and principles of organizational members and is a product of such factors as history, product, market, technology, strategy, type of employees, management style, and national culture; culture includes the organization's vision, values, norms, systems, symbols, language, assumptions, beliefs, and habits.

Sensitivity Training is a form of training with the goal of making people more aware of their own prejudices and more sensitive to others.

Hostile Work Environment
Positive Working Environment

Counterproductive Work Behavior is employee behavior that goes against the legitimate interests of an organization. These behaviors can harm organizations or people in organizations including employees and clients, customers, or patients. It has been proposed that a person-by-environment interaction can be utilized to explain a variety of counterproductive behaviors. For instance, an employee who is high on trait anger (tendency to experience anger) is more likely to respond to a stressful incident at work (being treated rudely by a supervisor) with CWB.

People Smart
Observation Errors
Praise
Punishment
Discipline
Motivation

Work-Life Policy undertakes research and works with employers to design, promote, and implement workplace policies that increase productivity and enhance personal/family well-being and general Work Life Balance. The CWLP is committed to promoting policies that enable individuals to realize their full potential across the divides of gender, race and class.

Professional Development is learning to earn or maintain professional credentials such as academic degrees to formal coursework, conferences and informal learning opportunities situated in practice. It has been described as intensive and collaborative, ideally incorporating an evaluative stage.

Skills Management is the practice of understanding, developing and deploying people and their skills. Well-implemented skills management should identify the skills that job roles require, the skills of individual employees, and any gap between the two.

STAMP - Workplace Skills, Technology and Management Practices.

Service

Turnover is the act of replacing an employee with a new employee. Partings between organizations and employees may consist of termination, retirement, death, interagency transfers, and resignations. An organization’s turnover is measured as a percentage rate, which is referred to as its turnover rate. Turnover rate is the percentage of employees in a workforce that leave during a certain period of time. Organizations and industries as a whole measure their turnover rate during a fiscal or calendar year. (Turnaround).

Fired - Let Go - Laid Off

Permanent Employment is when an employee is paid directly by that employer. In addition to their wages, they often receive benefits like subsidized health care, paid vacations, holidays, sick time, or contributions to a retirement plan. Permanent employees are often eligible to switch job positions within their companies.

Full-time is employment in which a person works a minimum number of hours defined as such by his/her employer. (40 Hours)Full-time employment often comes with benefits that are not typically offered to part-time, temporary, or flexible workers, such as annual leave, sickleave, and health insurance.

Part-time is a form of employment that carries fewer hours per week than a full-time job. They work in shifts. The shifts are often rotational. Workers are considered to be part-time if they commonly work fewer than 30 hours per week.

Temporary Work - Outsourcing

Unemployment (rates)

Organizational Chart is a diagram that shows the structure of an organization and the relationships and relative ranks of its parts and positions/jobs. The term is also used for similar diagrams, for example ones showing the different elements of a field of knowledge or a group of languages.

Organizational Structure defines how activities such as task allocation, coordination and supervision are directed toward the achievement of organizational aims. Organisations need to be efficient, flexible, innovative and caring in order to achieve a sustainable competitive advantage. Organizational structure can also be considered as the viewing glass or perspective through which individuals see their organization and its environment.

Enterprise Architecture is a well-defined practice for conducting enterprise analysis, design, planning, and implementation, using a holistic approach at all times, for the successful development and execution of strategy. Enterprise architecture applies architecture principles and practices to guide organizations through the business, information, process, and technology changes necessary to execute their strategies. These practices utilize the various aspects of an enterprise to identify, motivate, and achieve these changes.

Departmentalization

Functional departmentalization - Grouping activities by functions performed. Activities can be grouped according to function (work being done) to pursue economies of scale by placing employees with shared skills and knowledge into departments for example human resources, IT, accounting, manufacturing, logistics, and engineering. Functional departmentalization can be used in all t organizations.
Product departmentalization - Grouping activities by product line. Tasks can also be grouped according to a specific product or service, thus placing all activities related to the product or the service under one manager. Each major product area in the corporation is under the authority of a senior manager who is specialist in, and is responsible for, everything related to the product line. LA Gear is an example of company that uses product departmentalization. Its structure is based on its varied product lines which include women’s footwear etc.
Customer departmentalization - Grouping activities on the basis of common customers or types of customers. Jobs may be grouped according to the type of customer served by the organization. The assumption is that customers in each department have a common set of problems and needs that can best be met by specialists. The sales activities in an office supply firm can be broken down into three departments that serve retail, wholesale and government accounts.
Geographic departmentalization - Grouping activities on the basis of territory. If an organization's customers are geographically dispersed, it can group jobs based on geography. For example, the organization structure of Coca-Cola has reflected the company’s operation in two broad geographic areas – the North American sector and the international sector, which includes the Pacific Rim, the European Community, Northeast Europe, Africa and Latin America groups.
Process departmentalization - Grouping activities on the basis of product or service or customer flow. Because each process requires different skills, process departmentalization allows homogenous activities to be categorized. For example, the applicants might need to go through several departments namely validation, licensing and treasury, before receiving the driver’s license.
Divisional departmentalization - When the firm develops independent lines of business that operate as separate companies, all contributing to the corporation profitability, the design is call divisional departmentalization or (M-FORM). For example, the Limited. Inc., has these division: Th Limited, Express, Lerner New York, Lane Bryant and Mast Industries.
Owing to the complexity of tasks and the competitive environment in which organisations operate, they often use a combination of the above-mentioned methods in departmentalization.

Knowledge Management - KM

How can we create organizations and governments that are cooperative, productive, and creative?

Humanyze: Enhance teamwork and employee engagement, improve processes, and plan for growth
Making people happy in their crappy jobs takes paying them more money and giving them more benefits.


Background Checks are sometimes Flawed and Unreliable.

Background checks don’t always reveal the truth about people. Background checks are not always accurate with erroneous or questionable information. Background checks are not always complete and have missing information because not all applicable government agencies and companies have reported complete information on the individual in question. Background checks are not always look at or considered. Background checks are not always used correctly or interpreted correctly, unqualified people can easily make Unfair Judgments when looking at background checks. 

Background Check is the process of looking up and compiling criminal records, commercial records, and financial records of an individual or an organization. A means of judging a job candidate's past mistakes, character, and fitness, and to identify potential hiring risks for safety and security reasons. Background checks are also used to thoroughly investigate potential government employees in order to be given a security clearance. However, these checks may sometimes be used for illegal purposes, such as unlawful Discrimination (or employment discrimination), identity theft, and violation of privacy.

Credit Checks are not always Accurate

Everything is either black or white. There is no consideration of a person’s basic character or allowance for the fact that people can change their lives and their behaviors. A computer looks at data and assigns a number. Negatives stay on your credit report for seven years or longer. Murderers have been known to walk out of prison on appeal or probation in less time than it takes to clear one’s credit history.
Punishment

Credit Score represents the creditworthiness of the person to determine who qualifies for a loan, at what interest rate, and what credit limits. A credit score is primarily based on a credit report information typically sourced from credit bureaus.

Security Clearance is a status granted to individuals allowing them access to classified information (state or organizational secrets) or to restricted areas, after completion of a thorough background check. (4 Mill)

Security Clearances
Need to Know
Rating Systems



Projects - Process


Project Management is the discipline of initiating, planning, executing, controlling, and closing the work of a team to achieve specific goals and meet specific success criteria. A project is a temporary endeavor designed to produce a unique product, service or result with a defined beginning and end (usually time-constrained, and often constrained by funding or deliverables) undertaken to meet unique goals and objectives, typically to bring about beneficial change or added value.

Product Management is an organizational lifecycle function within a company dealing with the planning, forecasting, and production, or marketing of a product or products at all stages of the product lifecycle. Similarly, product lifecycle management (PLM) integrates people, data, processes and business systems. It provides product information for companies and their extended supply chain enterprise.

Program Management is the process of managing several related projects, often with the intention of improving an organization's performance. In practice and in its aims it is often closely related to systems engineering, industrial engineering, change management, and business transformation.

Project Manager is a professional in the field of project management. Project managers have the responsibility of the planning, procurement and execution of a project, in any domain of engineering.

Project Management Process is the discipline of initiating, planning, executing, controlling, and closing the work of a team to achieve specific goals and meet specific success criteria. A project is a temporary endeavor designed to produce a unique product, service or result with a defined beginning and end (usually time-constrained, and often constrained by funding or deliverables) undertaken to meet unique goals and objectives, typically to bring about beneficial change or added value.

Program Evaluation and Review Technique is a statistical tool, used in project management, which was designed to analyze and represent the tasks involved in completing a given project.

Project Commissioning is the process of assuring that all systems and components of a building or industrial plant are designed, installed, tested, operated, and maintained according to the operational requirements of the owner or final client. A commissioning process may be applied not only to new projects but also to existing units and systems subject to expansion, renovation or revamping.

Operations Management is an area of management concerned with designing and controlling the process of production and redesigning business operations in the production of goods or services. It involves the responsibility of ensuring that business operations are efficient in terms of using as few resources as needed and effective in terms of meeting customer requirements. It is concerned with managing the process that converts inputs (in the forms of raw materials, labor, and energy) into outputs (in the form of goods and/or services).

Stress Management

Business Process Management is a field in operations management that focuses on improving corporate performance by managing and optimizing a company's business processes. It can therefore be described as a "process optimization process". It is argued that BPM enables organizations to be more efficient, more effective and more capable of change than a functionally focused, traditional hierarchical management approach.

Product Quality

SMART criteria is a mnemonic acronym, giving criteria to guide in the setting of objectives, for example in project management, employee-performance management and personal development. The letters S and M usually mean specific and measurable. The other letters have meant different things to different authors, as described below. Additional letters have been added by some authors.

Operations Research is a discipline that deals with the application of advanced analytical methods to help make better decisions. Further, the term 'operational analysis' is used in the British (and some British Commonwealth) military, as an intrinsic part of capability development, management and assurance. In particular, operational analysis forms part of the Combined Operational Effectiveness and Investment Appraisals (COEIA), which support British defence capability acquisition decision-making.

Business Continuity encompasses planning and preparation to ensure that an organization can continue to operate in case of serious incidents or disasters and is able to recover to an operational state within a reasonably short period. As such, business continuity includes three key elements and they are Resilience: critical business functions and the supporting infrastructure must be designed in such a way that they are materially unaffected by relevant disruptions, for example through the use of redundancy and spare capacity; Recovery: arrangements have to be made to recover or restore critical and less critical business functions that fail for some reason. Contingency: the organization establishes a generalized capability and readiness to cope effectively with whatever major incidents and disasters occur, including those that were not, and perhaps could not have been, foreseen. Contingency preparations constitute a last-resort response if resilience and recovery arrangements should prove inadequate in practice.

Business Continuity Management is the process of creating systems of prevention and recovery to deal with potential threats to a company. Any event that could negatively impact operations is included in the plan, such as supply chain interruption, loss of or damage to critical infrastructure (major machinery or computing /network resource). As such, BCP is a subset of risk management. In the US, government entities refer to the process as continuity of operations planning (COOP).
Business Continuity Planning

Project Governance is the management framework within which project decisions are made. Project governance is a critical element of any project since while the accountabilities and responsibilities associated with an organization’s business as usual activities are laid down in their organizational governance arrangements, seldom does an equivalent framework exist to govern the development of its capital investments (projects).

Toyota Production System is an integrated socio-technical system, developed by Toyota, that comprises its management philosophy and practices. The TPS organizes manufacturing and logistics for the automobile manufacturer, including interaction with suppliers and customers.

Production Leveling is a technique for reducing the Mura (Unevenness) which in turn reduces muda (waste). It was vital to the development of production efficiency in the Toyota Production System and lean manufacturing. The goal is to produce intermediate goods at a constant rate so that further processing may also be carried out at a constant and predictable rate.

Model Audit is the colloquial term for the tasks performed when conducting due diligence on a financial model, in order to eliminate spreadsheet error. Model audits are sometimes referred to as model reviews, primarily to avoid confusion with financial audit.

Configuration Management is a systems engineering process for establishing and maintaining consistency of a product's performance, functional, and physical attributes with its requirements, design, and operational information throughout its life.

Batch Process (goals)

Batch Production is a technique used in manufacturing, in which the object in question is created stage by stage over a series of workstations, and different batches of products are made. Together with job production (one-off production) and mass production (flow production or continuous production) it is one of the three main production methods.

How to Document a Process (wikihow)
Processes (science)

Process Management is the ensemble of activities of planning and monitoring the performance of a business process. The term usually refers to the management of business processes and manufacturing processes.

Process Capability is a unique combination of tools, materials, methods, and people engaged in producing a measurable output; for example a manufacturing line for machine parts. All processes have inherent statistical variability which can be evaluated by statistical methods.

Business Process is a collection of related, structured activities or tasks that produce a specific service or product (serve a particular goal) for a particular customer or customers. It may often be visualized as a flowchart of a sequence of activities with interleaving decision points or as a process matrix of a sequence of activities with relevance rules based on data in the process.
Process

Develop
Charts

PDF (Process Documentation)

Project Portfolio Management (PPM) is the centralized management of the processes, methods, and technologies used by project managers and project management offices (PMOs) to analyze and collectively manage current or proposed projects based on numerous key characteristics. The objectives of PPM are to determine the optimal resource mix for delivery and to schedule activities to best achieve an organization’s operational and financial goals, while honouring constraints imposed by customers, strategic objectives, or external real-world factors.

Workflow Management System provides an infrastructure for the set-up, performance and monitoring of a defined sequence of tasks, arranged as a workflow application.

Quality Control
Development

Methodology is the systematic, theoretical analysis of the methods applied to a field of study. It comprises the theoretical analysis of the body of methods and principles associated with a branch of knowledge. Typically, it encompasses concepts such as paradigm, theoretical model, phases and quantitative or qualitative techniques. A methodology does not set out to provide solutions - it is, therefore, not the same as a method. Instead, a methodology offers the theoretical underpinning for understanding which method, set of methods, or best practices can be applied to specific case, for example, to calculate a specific result. It has been defined also as follows: "the analysis of the principles of methods, rules, and postulates employed by a discipline"; "the systematic study of methods that are, can be, or have been applied within a discipline"; "the study or description of methods".

Project Management Methodology

Core Competency a harmonized combination of multiple resources and skills that distinguish a firm in the marketplace". Core competencies fulfill three criteria: Provides potential access to a wide variety of markets. Should make a significant contribution to the perceived customer benefits of the end product. Difficult to imitate by competitors.

Project Initiation: Goals, Objectives and Questions
Baseline Configuration Management
Processes (science)
Process Performance Index is an estimate of the process capability of a process during its initial set-up, before it has been brought into a state of statistical control.

Project Information: Research, Risks, Laws, Design Ideas.
Pareto Principle 80 20 Rule states that, for many events, roughly 80% of the effects come from 20% of the causes.

Project Planning: Tasks, Scheduling, Timeframes and Scope. Desired Outcomes, Possible Outcomes, Possible Setbacks and Problems, Possible Delays, Time Restrictions, Priorities, Calculations, Estimations, Options, Flexibility.
Scope (project management) Project Scope and Product Scope. Scope involves getting information required to start a project, and the features the product would have that would meet its stakeholders requirements. Project Scope: "The work that needs to be accomplished to deliver a product, service, or result with the specified features and functions." Product Scope: "The features and functions that characterize a product, service, or result."
Performance-Based Budgeting is the practice of developing budgets based on the relationship between program funding levels and expected results from that program. The performance-based budgeting process is a tool that program administrators can use to manage more cost-efficient and effective budgeting outlays

Check List

Project Resources: People, Teams, Cost, Budget and Time.  Predictions  

Overhead refers to an ongoing expense of operating a business; it is also known as an operating expense. Overheads are the expenditure which cannot be conveniently traced to or identified with any particular cost unit. Therefore, overheads cannot be immediately associated with the products or services being offered, thus do not directly generate profits


Project Monitoring: Tracking and Quality Control.   

Project Closeout and Evaluation: 

Interim report is often compiled to analyze how the project is proceeding, before its final completion. Interim analysis is important in medical trials, to ensure that the patients are not exposed to unnecessary danger during the trial. 

Postmortem Documentation is a process, usually performed at the conclusion of a project, to determine and analyze elements of the project that were successful or unsuccessful. The Project Management Body of Knowledge (PMBOK) refers to the process as lessons learned. Project post-mortems are intended to inform process improvements which mitigate future risks and to promote iterative best practices. Post-mortems are often considered a key component of, and ongoing precursor to, effective risk management.

First: Make sure you start off by asking all the right questions so that you have all the necessary information that will help guide you through your Research and Planning of the project. Goals
Second: Analyze all the information carefully.  Information Literacy
Third: Assemble your Team and make sure that everyone is aware of their responsibilities and
that everyone shares their information correctly and efficiently. Collaboration Tools  Communication
Forth: Learn as much as you can from the project. Types of Learning

Project Management Software (wiki)
Comparison of Project Management Software
mpmm

The Project Management Process focuses on taking the facts and happenings of a particular Problem or Project and disseminating this information to all relevant parties. These methods of information dissemination can come in means including regularly scheduled Conferences and or Meetings, regularly scheduled Conference Calls in which some or all members of the project team participate, informal written Communications such as periodic updates via email and of other short form, less formal means of communications, as well as formal reports that may or may not have been requisite to the completion of the project. Information distribution is essential to assuring that everyone is fully aware of the progress throughout the project as it helps to assure no surprises arise at the time that deliverables are expected to be final.  

Brainstorming
Meetings

Odoo All-in-one Management Software
Goal Managing
Collaboration Tools
Time Management

Pagico One app to manage all your tasks, files & notes. Mac, Windows, Ubuntu, iOS & Android



Documentation - Record Keeping


Three Ring Binder for Records and Ducuments Documentation is a set of documents provided on paper, or online, or on digital or analog media, such as audio tape or CDs. Examples are user guides, white papers, on-line help, quick-reference guides. It is becoming less common to see paper (hard-copy) documentation. Documentation is distributed via websites, software products, and other on-line applications.

Records Management is the professional practice of managing the records of an organization throughout their life cycle, from the time they are created to their eventual disposal. This includes identifying, classifying, storing, securing, retrieving, tracking and destroying or permanently preserving records.

Document Management System is a system (based on computer programs in the case of the management of digital documents) used to track, manage and store documents and reduce paper. Most are capable of keeping a record of the various versions created and modified by different users (history tracking). The term has some overlap with the concepts of content management systems. It is often viewed as a component of enterprise content management (ECM) systems and related to digital asset management, document imaging, workflow systems and records management systems.

Document is a written, drawn, presented or recorded representation of thoughts.

Business Record is a document (hard copy or digital) that records a business dealing. Business records include meeting minutes, memoranda, employment contracts, and accounting source documents.

Public Records are documents or pieces of information that are not considered confidential and generally pertain to the conduct of government.

Document Retrieval is defined as the matching of some stated user query against a set of free-text records. These records could be any type of mainly unstructured text, such as newspaper articles, real estate records or paragraphs in a manual. User queries can range from multi-sentence full descriptions of an information need to a few words.

Documentation Science is the study of the recording and retrieval of information. Documentation science gradually developed into the broader field of information science.

Document Classification is a problem in library science, information science and computer science. The task is to assign a document to one or more classes or categories. This may be done "manually" (or "intellectually") or algorithmically. The intellectual classification of documents has mostly been the province of library science, while the algorithmic classification of documents is mainly in information science and computer science. The problems are overlapping, however, and there is therefore interdisciplinary research on document classification. The documents to be classified may be texts, images, music, etc. Each kind of document possesses its special classification problems. When not otherwise specified, text classification is implied.
Documents may be classified according to their subjects or according to other attributes (such as document type, author, printing year etc.). In the rest of this article only subject classification is considered. There are two main philosophies of subject classification of documents: the content-based approach and the request-based approach.

Legal Instrument is a legal term of art that is used for any formally executed written document that can be formally attributed to its author, records and formally expresses a legally enforceable act, process, or contractual duty, obligation, or right, and therefore evidences that act, process, or agreement. Examples include a certificate, deed, bond, contract, will, legislative act, notarial act, court writ or process, or any law passed by a competent legislative body in municipal (domestic) or international law. Many legal instruments were written under seal by affixing a wax or paper seal to the document in evidence of its legal execution and authenticity (which often removes the need for consideration in contract law); however, today many jurisdictions have done away with the requirement of documents being under seal in order to give them legal effect. Legal Value is the usefulness of a document or record as a legal proof of authority or business transaction, enforceable rights or obligations, or as the basis for a legal action.

Legal Documents Types (wiki)
Data Management
Knowledge Preservation
Procedures

Work Order is an order received by an organization from a customer or client, or an order created internally within the organization. A work order may be for products or services.

Business Plans

Intelligence Assessment is the development of forecasts of behavior or recommended courses of action to the leadership of an organisation, based on a wide range of available information sources both overt and covert. Assessments are developed in response to requirements declared by the leadership in order to inform decision making. Assessment may be carried out on behalf of a state, military or commercial organisation with a range of available sources of information available to each.
An intelligence assessment reviews both available information and previous assessments for relevance and currency. Where additional information is required, some collection may be directed by the analyst. Intelligence studies is the academic field concerned with intelligence assessment, especially relating to international relations and military science.

Statistics
Research
Logistics
Supply Chain Management
Brainstorming - Collaborate
Charts - Graphs
Engineering
Conceptual Model - Prototype
Copyrights
Interface
Problem Solving
Value
Computers - Information Technology
Ideas
Math
Environmental Impact
Search Engine
Scalability
Best Practice
Control Theory

Card Sorting
Touchpoint
Culturomics
N Grams
Just Works



Quality Control - Safety


Quality Control Diagram Quality Assurance is a way of preventing mistakes or defects in manufactured products and avoiding problems when delivering solutions or services to customers.

Quality Management ensures that an organization, product or service is consistent. It has four main components: quality planning, quality assurance, quality control and quality improvement. Quality management is focused not only on product and service quality, but also on the means to achieve it. Quality management, therefore, uses quality assurance and control of processes as well as products to achieve more consistent quality.

Total Quality Management

Quality Control a process by which entities review the quality of all factors involved in production.

Best Practice

Development (guidelines for Smart Innovation )
Development Process

Ratings

Customer Service

Redundancy is the duplication of critical components or functions of a system with the intention of increasing reliability of the system, usually in the form of a backup or fail-safe, or to improve actual system performance, such as in the case of GNSS receivers, or multi-threaded computer processing. In many safety-critical systems, such as fly-by-wire and hydraulic systems in aircraft, some parts of the control system may be triplicated, which is formally termed triple modular redundancy (TMR). An error in one component may then be out-voted by the other two. In a triply redundant system, the system has three sub components, all three of which must fail before the system fails. Since each one rarely fails, and the sub components are expected to fail independently, the probability of all three failing is calculated to be extraordinarily small; often outweighed by other risk factors, such as human error. Redundancy may also be known by the terms "majority voting systems" or "voting logic". Suspension bridge's numerous cables are a form of redundancy. Redundancy sometimes produces less, instead of greater reliability – it creates a more complex system which is prone to various issues, it may lead to human neglect of duty, and may lead to higher production demands which by overstressing the system may make it less safe.

Software Testing

Benchmarking is comparing one's business processes and performance metrics to industry bests and best practices from other companies. Dimensions typically measured are quality, time and cost. In the process of best practice benchmarking, management identifies the best firms in their industry, or in another industry where similar processes exist, and compares the results and processes of those studied (the "targets") to one's own results and processes. In this way, they learn how well the targets perform and, more importantly, the business processes that explain why these firms are successful. According to National Council on Measurement in Education, benchmark assessments are short assessments used by teachers at various times throughout the school year to monitor student progress in some area of the school curriculum. These also are known as interim assessments. Benchmarking is used to measure performance using a specific indicator (cost per unit of measure, productivity per unit of measure, cycle time of x per unit of measure or defects per unit of measure) resulting in a metric of performance that is then compared to others. Also referred to as "best practice benchmarking" or "process benchmarking", this process is used in management which particularly shows VEMR strategic management, in which organizations evaluate various aspects of their processes in relation to best practice companies' processes, usually within a peer group defined for the purposes of comparison. This then allows organizations to develop plans on how to make improvements or adapt specific best practices, usually with the aim of increasing some aspect of performance. Benchmarking may be a one-off event, but is often treated as a continuous process in which organizations continually seek to improve their practices. BM

Food Process

Project Management

Employee Management

Audit (spending)
Monitor (accountability)

Feedback (social learning)

Recall is a request to return a product after the discovery of safety issues or product defects that might endanger the consumer or put the maker/seller at risk of legal action.

By-Product is a secondary product derived from a manufacturing process or chemical reaction. It is not the primary product or service being produced. In the context of production, a by-product is the 'output from a joint production process that is minor in quantity and/or net realizable value (NRV) when compared to the main products'. Because they are deemed to have no influence on reported financial results, by-products do not receive allocations of joint costs. By-products also by convention are not inventoried, but the NRV from by-products is typically recognized as 'other income' or as a reduction of joint production processing costs when the by-product is produced. A by-product can be useful and marketable or it can be considered waste.

Statistics

Upgrade is the process of replacing a product with a newer version of the same product. In computing and consumer electronics an upgrade is generally a replacement of hardware, software or firmware with a newer or better version, in order to bring the system up to date or to improve its characteristics.

Computerized Maintenance Management System is a software package that maintains a computer database of information about an organization's maintenance operations. This information is intended to help maintenance workers do their jobs more effectively (for example, determining which machines require maintenance and which storerooms contain the spare parts they need) and to help management make informed decisions (for example, calculating the cost of machine breakdown repair versus preventive maintenance for each machine, possibly leading to better allocation of resources). CMMS data may also be used to verify regulatory compliance.

Verification and Validation

Standards

Capability Maturity Model is a development model created after study of data collected from organizations that contracted with the U.S. Department of Defense, who funded the research. The term "maturity" relates to the degree of formality and optimization of processes, from ad hoc practices, to formally defined steps, to managed result metrics, to active optimization of the processes. The model's aim is to improve existing software development processes, but it can also be applied to other processes.

Implementation Maturity Model Assessment is an instrument to help an organization in assessing and determining the degree of maturity of its implementation processes. This model consists of two important components, namely the: five maturity levels, adopted from capability maturity model (CMM) of the Software Engineering Institute (SEI). By assessing the maturity of different aspects of implementation processes, it becomes clear what their strengths and weaknesses are, and also where improvements are needed. Implementation maturity matrix, which is an adjusted version of the test maturity matrix found in the test process improvement (TPI) model developed by Sogeti. The IMM matrix allows an organization to gain insight into the current situation of its implementation processes, and how it should pursue the desirable situation (i.e. a higher maturity level).

People Capability Maturity Model is a maturity framework that focuses on continuously improving the management and development of the human assets of an organization. It describes an evolutionary improvement path from ad hoc, inconsistently performed practices, to a mature, disciplined, and continuously improving development of the knowledge, skills, and motivation of the workforce that enhances strategic business performance. Related to fields such as human resources, knowledge management, and organizational development, the People CMM guides organizations in improving their processes for managing and developing their workforces. The People CMM helps organizations characterize the maturity of their workforce practices, establish a program of continuous workforce development, set priorities for improvement actions, integrate workforce development with process improvement, and establish a culture of excellence.

OPM3 is a globally recognized best-practice standard for assessing and developing capabilities in executing strategy through projects via Portfolio Management, Program Management, and Project Management.

Design (engineering)

Failure Reporting, Analysis and Corrective Action System is a system, sometimes carried out using software, that provides a process for reporting, classifying, analyzing failures, and planning corrective actions in response to those failures. It is typically used in an industrial environment to collect data, record and analyse system failures. A FRACAS system may attempt to manage multiple failure reports and produces a history of failure and corrective actions. FRACAS records the problems related to a product or process and their associated root causes and failure analyses to assist in identifying and implementing corrective actions. The FRACAS method was developed by the US Govt. and first introduced for use by the US Navy and all department of defense agencies in 1985. The FRACAS process is a closed loop with the following steps: Failure Reporting (FR). The failures and the faults related to a system, an equipment, a software or a process are formally reported through a standard form (Defect Report, Failure Report). Analysis (A). Perform analysis in order to identify the root cause of failure. Corrective Actions (CA). Identify, implement and verify corrective actions to prevent further recurrence of the failure.

American Productivity Quality Center
Mind My Business App

Capacity Management is a process used to manage information technology (IT). Its primary goal is to ensure that IT resources are right-sized to meet current and future business requirements in a cost-effective manner. One common interpretation of capacity management is described in the ITIL framework. ITIL version 3 views capacity management as comprising three sub-processes: business capacity management, service capacity management, and component capacity management (known as resource capacity management in ITIL version 2).

Scenarios
Prepare (emergencies)

The End of Ownership (youtube)

Occupational Safety and Health is a multidisciplinary field concerned with the safety, health, and welfare of people at work. These terms of course also refer to the goals of this field, so their use in the sense of this article was originally an abbreviation of occupational safety and health program/department etc. OSHA The goals of occupational safety and health programs include to foster a safe and healthy work environment. OSH may also protect co-workers, family members, employers, customers, and many others who might be affected by the workplace environment. In the United States, the term occupational health and safety is referred to as occupational health and occupational and non-occupational safety and includes safety for activities outside of work.
Workplace Safety Tips
National Safety Council



Develop - Improve - Advance


Business Process Improvement Continual Improvement is an ongoing effort to improve products, services, or processes.

Business Process Improvement
is a strategic planning methodology aimed at identifying the operations or employee skills that could be improved to encourage smoother procedures, more efficient workflow and overall business growth.

Kaizen are activities that continuously improve all functions and involve all employees from the CEO to the assembly line workers.

Production

Performance Indicator evaluates the success of an organization or of a particular activity in which it engages. Making progress toward strategic goals and understanding what is important.

Performance Metric determines an organization's behavior, performance and the health of a project, measuring criteria such as safety, time, cost, resources, scope, quality, and actions.

Performance Improvement is measuring the output of a particular business process or procedure, then modifying the process or procedure to increase the output, increase efficiency, or increase the effectiveness of the process or procedure.

Performance Monitoring

Organizational Diagnostics is a process that involves the three steps of publicly entering a human system, collecting valid data about experiences, and feeding back to the system toward promoting corporate performance.

Business Process Discovery is a set of techniques that automatically construct a representation of an organization’s current business processes and its major process variations.

Meta-Analysis is a statistical analysis that combines the results of multiple scientific studies.

Context Analysis is a method to analyze the environment in which a business operates.

Startup Company is an entrepreneurial venture which is typically a newly emerged, fast-growing business that aims to meet a marketplace need by developing or offering an innovative product, process or service. A startup is usually a company such as a small business, a partnership or an organization designed to rapidly develop scalable business model

Lessons Learned
Accenture

Development Process - Innovation

Scrum is an iterative and incremental agile software development framework for managing product development.

Research and Development is work directed toward the innovation, introduction, and improvement of products and processes, or the development of new products and procedures.

Business Agility is the "ability of a business system to rapidly respond to change by adapting its initial stable configuration". Business agility can be maintained by maintaining and adapting goods and services to meet customer demands, adjusting to the changes in a business environment and taking advantage of human resources.

Preventive Action is a change implemented to address a weakness in a management system that is not yet responsible for causing nonconforming product or service.

Maintenance

Baseline Configuration Management is an agreed description of the attributes of a product, at a point in time, which serves as a basis for defining change. A "change" is a movement from this baseline state to a next state. The identification of significant changes from the baseline state is the central purpose of baseline identification.

Capability Management is a high-level integrative management function, with particular application in the context of defense. Aims to balance economy in meeting current operational requirements, with the sustainable use of current capabilities, and the development of future capabilities, to meet the sometimes competing strategic and current operational objectives of an enterprise. Accordingly, effective capability management: Assists organizations to better understand, and effectively integrate the total enterprise ability or capacity to achieve strategic and current operational objectives; and Develops and provides solutions that focus on the management of the interlinking functions and activities in the enterprise's strategic and current operational contexts

Project Management
Knowledge Management - KM
Modern Management Theories and Practices (PDF)
Management Help Library

Change Management transitioning individuals, teams, and organizations using methods intended to re-direct the use of resources, business process, budget allocations, or other modes of operation that significantly reshape a company or organization.

Management Consulting is the practice of helping organizations to improve their performance, operating primarily through the analysis of existing organizational problems and the development of plans for improvement. Organizations may draw upon the services of management consultants for a number of reasons, including gaining external (and presumably objective) advice and access to the consultants' specialized expertise.

Management Styles

Business Architecture is defined as "a blueprint of the enterprise that provides a common understanding of the organization and is used to align strategic objectives and tactical demands.

Enterprise Architecture Framework provides principles and practices for creating and using the architecture description of a system. It structures architects' thinking by dividing the architecture description into domains, layers or views, and offers models - typically matrices and diagrams - for documenting each view. This allows for making systemic design decisions on all the components of the system and making long-term decisions around new design, requirements, sustainability and support.

Business Intelligence is a set of techniques and tools for the acquisition and transformation of raw data into meaningful and useful information for business analysis purposes.

Business Intelligence Software is a type of application software designed to retrieve, analyze, transform and report data for business intelligence.

Business Intelligence 2.0 is a process that allows for the querying of real-time corporate data by employees, but approaches the data with a more web/browser based solution.

Business Valuation is a process and a set of procedures used to estimate the economic value of an owner’s interest in a business.

Business Process Automation is the strategy a business uses to automate processes in order to contain costs. It consists of integrating applications, restructuring labor resources and using software applications throughout the organization.

Six Sigma is a set of techniques and tools for process improvement.

Lean Six-Sigma Certification

Enterprise Q&A System
Value Chain
Productivity
Quality Control
Brainstorming
Meetings
Motivation
Needs Assessment
Progress Report (wiki-how)
Employee Development


Customer Service


Customer Service Women on Phone with Headset Customer Relationship Management (CRM) is an approach to managing a company's interaction with current and potential future customers.

Customer Service is the provision of service to customers before, during and after a purchase.

Customer Satisfaction is a measure of how products and services supplied by a company meet or surpass customer expectation. Customer satisfaction is defined as "the number of customers, or percentage of total customers, whose reported experience with a firm, its products, or its services (ratings) exceeds specified satisfaction goals.

Customer Relations is an approach to managing a company's interaction with current and potential future customers. It tries to analyze data about customers' history with a company and to improve business relationships with customers, specifically focusing on customer retention and ultimately driving sales growth.

Reputation Management refers to the influencing and controlling of an individual's or group's reputation. Originally a public relations term, the growth of the internet and social media, along with reputation management companies, have made search results a core part of an individual's or group's reputation. Online reputation management, sometimes abbreviated as ORM, focuses on the management of product and service search website results. Ethical grey areas include mug shot removal sites, astroturfing review sites, censoring negative complaints, and using search engine optimization tactics to influence results.

Know your Customer is the process of a business identifying and verifying the identity of its clients.

Enterprise Feedback Management is a system of processes and software that enables organizations to centrally manage deployment of surveys while dispersing authoring and analysis throughout an organization. EFM systems typically provide different roles and permission levels for different types of users, such as novice survey authors, professional survey authors, survey reporters and translators. EFM can help an organization establish a dialogue with employees, partners, and customers regarding key issues and concerns and potentially make customer-specific real time interventions. EFM consists of data collection, analysis and reporting. Modern EFM systems can track feedback from a variety of sources including customers, market research, social media, employees, vendors, partners and audits in a privatized or public manner.

Issue Tracking System is a computer software package that manages and maintains lists of issues,[1] as needed by an organization. Issue tracking systems are commonly used in an organization's customer support call center to create, update, and resolve reported customer issues, or even issues reported by that organization's other employees. A support ticket should include vital information for the account involved and the issue encountered. An issue tracking system often also contains a knowledge base containing information on each customer, resolutions to common problems, and other such data. An issue tracking system is similar to a "bugtracker", and often, a software company will sell both, and some bugtrackers are capable of being used as an issue tracking system, and vice versa. Consistent use of an issue or bug tracking system is considered one of the "hallmarks of a good software team.

Answering Rank (PDF)

Skills-Based Routing is a call-assignment strategy used in call centers to assign incoming calls to the most suitable agent, instead of simply choosing the next available agent. It is an enhancement to the Automatic Call Distributor (ACD) systems found in most call centers. The need for skills-based routing has arisen, as call centers have become larger and dealt with a wider variety of call types.

Failure Demand in service organizations as 'demand caused by a failure to do something or do something right for the customer'. the distinction between 'failure demand' and 'value demand', which is what the service exists to provide. Failure demand represents a common type of waste found in service organizations.

Best Practice
Knowledge Management - KM

After Action Review is a structured review or de-brief process for analyzing what happened, why it happened, and how it can be done better by the participants and those responsible for the project or event.

Customer Self Service Knowledge-Infused Processes
Remedy Action Request System

Lessons Learned Information Sharing   PDF

Aptean enterprise software solutions.

Podio

Revenue Management is the application of disciplined analytics that predict consumer behaviour at the micro-market level and optimize product availability and price to maximize revenue growth. The primary aim of Revenue Management is selling the right product to the right customer at the right time for the right price and with the right pack. The essence of this discipline is in understanding customers' perception of product value and accurately aligning product prices, placement and availability with each customer segment.

Social Services (public service)

Legal Documents
Legal Forms
Legal Contracts
Free Legal Forms

Law Knowledge

Pareto Principle: 80% of a company's profits come from 20% of its customers.



Presentations


Women doing Presentation with Charts and Graphs Presentation is the process of presenting a topic to an audience. It is typically a demonstration, lecture, or speech meant to inform, persuade, or build good will. The term can also be used for a formal or ritualized introduction or offering, as with the presentation of a debutante.

How to give a Poster Presentation - Poster Board
Give a Presentation (wiki-how)
How to give a Killer Presentation

Presentation Guide (PDF) 
Presenting (PDF)

Meetings

Presentation Software are computer software packages used to give presentations, usually in the form of a slide show.
Prezi
Slide Dog
Microsoft PowerPoint
Slide Share
Share Power Point Presentations

Collaborations
Communicate
Interfaces
Appearance
Creativity

Erdős–Rényi Model is either of two closely related models for generating random graphs.

Graphical Techniques of Quality is a designation given to a fixed set of graphical techniques identified as being most helpful in troubleshooting issues related to quality. They are called basic because they are suitable for people with little formal training in statistics and because they can be used to solve the vast majority of quality-related issues. The seven tools are: Cause-and-effect diagram (also known as the "fishbone" or Ishikawa diagram). Check sheet. Control chart. Histogram. Pareto chart. Scatter diagram. Stratification (alternately, flow chart or run chart).

Flow Chart is a type of diagram that represents an algorithm, workflow or process, showing the steps as boxes of various kinds, and their order by connecting them with arrows. This diagrammatic representation illustrates a solution model to a given problem. Flowcharts are used in analyzing, designing, documenting or managing a process or program in various fields.

Poster Session is the presentation of research information by an individual or representatives of research teams at a congress or conference with an academic or professional focus.

Scatter Diagram is a type of plot or mathematical diagram using Cartesian coordinates to display values for typically two variables for a set of data. If the points are color-coded, one additional variable can be displayed. The data is displayed as a collection of points, each having the value of one variable determining the position on the horizontal axis and the value of the other variable determining the position on the vertical axis.

Histogram  is a graphical representation of the distribution of numerical data. It is an estimate of the probability distribution of a continuous variable (quantitative variable).

Gantt Chart is a type of bar chart that illustrates a project schedule.

Run Chart is a graph that displays observed data in a time sequence. Often, the data displayed represent some aspect of the output or performance of a manufacturing or other business process. It is therefore a form of line chart, which is a type of chart which displays information as a series of data points called 'markers' connected by straight line segments.

Pareto Chart is a type of chart that contains both bars and a line graph, where individual values are represented in descending order by bars, and the cumulative total is represented by the line.

Mind Maps (visualizing data)



Management Oaths - Business Philosophy


Business is the activity of providing goods and services. A rightful concern or Responsibility. An immediate objective. Business concerns Collectively. Customers collectively. Business is an organizational entity involved in the provision of goods and services to consumers. Businesses serve as a form of economic activity, and are prevalent in capitalist economies, where most of them are privately owned and provide goods and services allocated through a market to consumers and customers in exchange for other goods, services, money, or other forms of exchange that hold intrinsic economic value. Businesses may also be social non-profit enterprises or state-owned public enterprises operated by governments with specific social and economic objectives. A business owned by multiple private individuals may form as an incorporated company or jointly organise as a partnership. Countries have different laws that may ascribe different rights to the various business entities. The word "business" can refer to a particular organization or to an entire market sector (for example: "the financial sector") or to the sum of all economic activity ("the business sector"). Compound forms such as "agribusiness" represent subsets of the concept's broader meaning, which encompasses all activity by suppliers of goods and services. Businesses aim to maximize sales to have their income exceed their expenditures, resulting in a profit, gain or surplus. (also known as an enterprise, a company, or a firm).

Company is an institution created to conduct business. A band of people associated temporarily in some activity.

Working Together

Incentivizing
Inspiration

Engineering

Quality Control

Manage is to handle Effectively. Achieve a Goal. Be in Charge. Be Successful.

City Management
Managing a Country

Mismanage

Serve - Services

Productive


Productivity is an average measure of the efficiency of production. It can be expressed as the ratio of output to inputs used in the production process, i.e. output per unit of input. When all outputs and inputs are included in the productivity measure it is called total productivity. Productivity is increased by lowering the amount of labor, capital, energy or materials that go into producing economic goods. PDF 

Production is a process of combining various material inputs and immaterial inputs (plans, know-how) in order to make something for consumption (the output). It is the act of creating output, a good or service which has value and contributes to the utility of individuals. It is the creation of value or wealth by producing goods and services.

Production Function relates physical output of a production process to physical inputs or factors of production. Industry

Mode of Production are productive forces, which include human labour power and means of production (e.g. tools, equipment, buildings, technologies, knowledge, materials, and improved land).

Productivity Improving Technologies is a ratio of output to input in the production of goods and services. Productivity is increased by lowering the amount of labor, capital, energy or materials that go into producing economic goods. Increases in productivity are largely responsible for the increase in per capita living standards.

Performance
Development

Mass Production is the production of large amounts of standardized products, including and especially on assembly lines, such as household appliances and automobiles. Together with job production and batch production, it is one of the three main production methods. ("flow production" or "continuous production"). Mass production's advantages include simplification of the production process, efficiency in the production process and consistency in the finished products. Mass production frequently outpaces the slow, labor-intensive processes of pre-industrial craftsmen and artisans.

Control Chart are a statistical process control tool used to determine if a manufacturing or business process is in a state of control.

Capacity Planning is the process of determining the production capacity needed by an organization to meet changing demands for its products. In the context of capacity planning, design capacity is the maximum amount of work that an organization is capable of completing in a given period. Effective capacity is the maximum amount of work that an organization is capable of completing in a given period due to constraints such as quality problems, delays, material handling, etc.

Capacity Utilization is the extent to which an enterprise or a nation actually uses its installed productive capacity, which is is the maximum possible output of an economy.

Economies of Scale are the cost advantages that enterprises obtain due to size, output, or scale of operation, with cost per unit of output generally decreasing with increasing scale as fixed costs are spread out over more units of output. Often operational efficiency is also greater with increasing scale, leading to lower variable cost as well.

Job Production involves producing custom work, such as a one-off product for a specific customer or a small batch of work in
quantities usually less than those of mass-market products.

Batch Production is a technique used in manufacturing, in which the object in question is created stage by stage over a series of
workstations, and different batches of products are made. Multitasking

Continuous Production is a flow production method used to manufacture, produce, or process materials without interruption. Continuous production is called a continuous process or a continuous flow process because the materials, either dry bulk or
fluids that are being processed are continuously in motion, undergoing chemical reactions or subject to mechanical or heat treatment. Continuous processing is contrasted with batch production.

Assembly Line is a manufacturing process (most of the time called a progressive assembly) in which parts (usually interchangeable parts) are added as the semi-finished assembly moves from workstation to workstation where the parts are added in sequence until the final assembly is produced. By mechanically moving the parts to the assembly work and moving the semi-finished assembly from work station to work station, a finished product can be assembled faster and with less labor than by having workers carry parts to a stationary piece for assembly. Assembly is combining parts that fit together to form a working unit that performs a particular function or service.

Factory is a manufacturing plant or industrial site, usually consisting of buildings and machinery, or more commonly a complex having several buildings, where workers manufacture goods or operate machines processing one product into another. Factories arose with the introduction of machinery during the Industrial Revolution when the capital and space requirements became too great for cottage industry or workshops. Early factories that contained small amounts of machinery, such as one or two spinning mules, and fewer than a dozen workers have been called "glorified workshops". Most modern factories have large warehouses or warehouse-like facilities that contain heavy equipment used for assembly line production. Large factories tend to be located with access to multiple modes of transportation, with some having rail, highway and water loading and unloading facilities.

Manufacturing is the organized action of making of goods and services for sale. It is the value added production of merchandise for use or sale using labour and machines, tools, chemical and biological processing, or formulation.

Industry is the production of goods or related services within an economy. The organized action of making of goods and services for sale. The people or companies engaged in a particular kind of commercial enterprise. Persevering determination to perform a task.  Industrial Revolution (wiki)

Industrial Engineering is the optimization of complex processes, systems or organizations. Industrial engineers work to eliminate waste of time, money, materials, man-hours, machine time, energy and other resources that do not generate value. they figure out how to do things better, they engineer processes and systems that improve quality and productivity.

Automation Technology

Computer-Integrated Manufacturing is the manufacturing approach of using computers to control the entire production process. This integration allows individual processes to exchange information with each other and initiate actions. Although
manufacturing can be faster and less error-prone by the integration of computers, the main advantage is the ability to create Automated Manufacturing Processes. Typically CIM relies on closed-loop control processes, based on real-time input from sensors. It is also known as flexible design and manufacturing.

Man-Hour
Calculate Man Hours Lost Productivity
Activity-Based Costing
Return on Investment (ROI)
Rate of Return
Demand Flow Technology
Transaction Cost


Maintenance


Maintain is to keep safe and protect from harm, decay, loss, or destruction. Involves casualty maintenance by performing routine actions which keep the device or system in working order. Supply with necessities and support. Activity involved in maintaining something in good working order. The act of sustaining life by food or providing a means of subsistence. Means of maintenance of a family or group. Maintain for use and service. Maintain by writing regular records.

Preventive Maintenance is the care and servicing by personnel for the purpose of maintaining equipment and facilities in satisfactory operating condition by providing for systematic inspection, detection, and correction of incipient failures either before they occur or before they develop into major defects. Maintenance, including tests, measurements, adjustments, and parts replacement, performed specifically to prevent faults from occurring. Preventive Maintenance (wiki).

Maintenance, Repair, and Operations involves fixing any sort of mechanical, plumbing, or electrical device should it become out of order or broken (known as repair, unscheduled, casualty or corrective maintenance). In the aircraft maintenance market sector, maintenance, repair and overhaul (MRO) services also include inspection, rebuilding, alteration and the supply of spare parts, accessories and raw materials, adhesives, sealants, coatings and consumables for aircraft manufacturing and MRO. In all sectors, effective MRO involves performing routine actions which keep devices, equipment, machinery, building infrastructure and supporting utilities in working order (known as scheduled maintenance) and prevent trouble from arising (preventive maintenance).

Sustainable
Positive Feed Back Loop
Life-Cycle Assessment

Cure is to make Healthy again. Processing in order to Preserve. Improve Usability. Relieve pain.

Remedy
is the act of correcting an Error or a Fault or an Evil. Set straight or Right. Provide relief for. Remedy Law

Best Practice is a method or technique that has been generally accepted as superior to any alternatives because it produces results that are superior to those achieved by other means or because it has become a standard way of doing things, e.g., a standard way of complying with legal or ethical requirements. Best Practices

Quality Management ensures that an organization, product or service is consistent. It has four main components: quality planning, quality assurance, quality control and quality improvement. Quality management is focused not only on product and service quality, but also on the means to achieve it. Quality management, therefore, uses quality assurance and control of processes as well as products to achieve more consistent quality. Quality Control

The primary goal of maintenance is to avoid or mitigate the consequences of failure of equipment. This may be by preventing the failure before it actually occurs which Planned Maintenance and Condition Based Maintenance help to achieve. It is designed to preserve and restore equipment reliability by replacing worn components before they actually fail. Preventive maintenance activities include partial or complete overhauls at specified periods, oil changes, lubrication, minor adjustments, and so on. In addition, workers can record equipment deterioration so they know to replace or repair worn parts before they cause system failure. The ideal preventive maintenance program would prevent all equipment failure before it occurs.

Predictive Maintenance are techniques designed to help determine the condition of in-service equipment in order to predict when maintenance should be performed. This approach promises cost savings over routine or time-based preventive maintenance, because tasks are performed only when warranted.

Planned Maintenance is any variety of scheduled maintenance to an object or item of equipment. Specifically, planned maintenance is a scheduled service visit carried out by a competent and suitable agent, to ensure that an item of equipment is operating correctly and to therefore avoid any unscheduled breakdown and downtime.

Application Performance Management is the monitoring and management of performance and availability of software applications. APM strives to detect and diagnose complex application performance problems to maintain an expected level of service.

Damage Control is the emergency control of situations that may cause the sinking of a watercraft, or a company, or a country. Also refers to measures that need to be taken to offset or minimize damage.

Planned Maintenance System in Shipping is a paper/software-based system which allows ship owners or operators to carry out maintenance in intervals according to manufacturers and class/Classification society requirements.

Knowledge Management

Revitalization is an organized, conscious effort by members of a society to construct a more satisfying culture.

Reserve Study capital budget planning tool which identifies the current status of the reserve fund and a stable and equitable funding plan to offset ongoing Deterioration, Wear and Erosion.

Facility Management is a form of asset management concerned with the successful and profitable maintenance, operation, and monitoring of buildings or properties. It encompasses multiple disciplines to ensure functionality of the built environment by integrating people, systems, place, process, and technology.

Property Management is the operation, control, and oversight of real estate as used in its most broad terms. Management indicates a need to be cared for, monitored and accountability given for its useful life and condition. This is much akin to the role of management in any business.

Homeowner Association is a private association formed by a real estate developer for the purpose of marketing, managing, and selling homes and lots in a residential subdivision.

Housing

Waste (law) describes a cause of action that can be brought in court to address a change in condition of real property brought about by a current tenant (or Condo Home Associations or Property Management or City or State) that damages or destroys the value of that property. A lawsuit for waste can be brought against a life tenant or lessee of a leasehold estate, either by a current landlord or by the owner of a vested future interest. The holder of an executory interest, however, has no standing to enforce an action for waste, since his future interest is not vested. There are several different kinds of waste under the law.

Poor management or mismanagement is the same thing as stealing and fraud, which is punishable by law and law suits.

Care is activity involved in maintaining something in good working order. Attention and management implying Responsibility for safety. The work of providing treatment for or attending to someone or something. Feel concern or interest. Judiciousness in avoiding harm or danger. Provide care for. Be in charge of, act on, or dispose of. Be concerned with. Keep informed.

Duty of Care is a legal obligation, which is imposed on an individual requiring adherence to a standard of reasonable care while performing any acts that could foreseeably harm others

Quality Control

Standard of Care is the only degree of prudence and caution required of an individual who is under a duty of care.
The requirements of the standard are closely dependent on circumstances. Whether the standard of care has been breached is determined by the trier of fact, and is usually phrased in terms of the reasonable person. Whether the individual "proceed[ed] with such reasonable caution as a prudent man would have exercised under such circumstances".

Integrity Management how to apply the highest ethical standards to every aspect of business, having a strong interest, as well as a responsibility, to act with integrity at all times.

Management Due Diligence evaluating each individual's effectiveness and leadership skills while assessing team dynamics and highlighting risks.

Benefit Corporation
Morals
Social Contracts
Evidence Based Practice

Needs Assessment

Need is something that is required, useful, just, or proper. Anything that is Necessary but lacking. The psychological feature that arouses an organism to action toward a desired goal; the reason for the action; that which gives purpose and direction to behavior. A Need is something that is necessary for an organism to live a healthy life. Needs are distinguished from wants in that, in the case of a need, a deficiency causes a clear adverse outcome: a dysfunction or death. Needs can be objective and physical, such as the need for food, or psychological and subjective, such as the need for self-esteem. There are also needs of a social or societal nature. Needs and wants are a matter of interest in, and form a common substrate for, the fields of philosophy, biology, psychology, social science, and politics.
Human Needs

Use is to put into service; make work or employ for a particular purpose or for its inherent or natural purpose.
"Use your head and learn how to use a computer"

Preserve is to keep or maintain in unaltered condition; cause to remain or last . To keep up and reserve for personal or special use. Quality Control

Support is something providing immaterial assistance to a person or cause or interest. Supporting structure that holds up or provides a foundation. The act of bearing the weight of or strengthening. Public Service
Counterproductive 

Improve is to make something more valuable or stronger; Become or made better in quality.

Enhance is to make something better or more effective. Increase.

Self-Directed Learning

Advance is to Contribute to the progress or growth of. Obtain advantages. Develop in a positive way.. Develop further. A change for the better; progress in development. The act of moving forward (as toward a goal).

Innovation

Progress is the gradual improvement or growth or development. The act of moving forward (as toward a goal). Develop in a positive way. Form or accumulate steadily.

Prosper
is to reach a high point in historical significance or importance.

Concern is something that interests you because it is important or affects you. A feeling of sympathy for someone or something. Be relevant to. Be on the mind of. 
Ethics

Responsibility


Responsibility is the understanding that life needs periodic maintenance in order for a person, or persons, to live comfortably and peacefully without having things continually degrade or get worse and become harmful or dangerous. Responsibilities are positive actions that help sustain a healthy and good quality life, while maintaining independence, and reducing dependencies that increases vulnerabilities and Risk. Responsibilities are the things that you need to do in order to enjoy the things that you want to do. Responsibilities are when people count on you to perform certain functions or services, so that others can focus on other responsibilities that you also depend on. Working Together is a form of trustworthiness; the trait of being answerable to yourself and to other people who depend on your services. It's being responsible for one's conduct.

Social Responsibility is when an organization or individual, has an obligation to act for the benefit of society at large. Social responsibility is a duty every individual has to perform so as to maintain a balance between the economy and the ecosystems.

Obligated
is the state of being obligated to do or pay something. A written promise to repay a debt. Example: The debt we owe the environment and to future generations from who we borrow from, in the form of life sustaining resources.

Obligation is a course of action that someone is required to take, whether legal or moral. There are also obligations in other normative contexts, such as obligations of etiquette, social obligations, and possibly in terms of politics, where obligations are requirements which must be fulfilled. These are generally legal obligations, which can incur a penalty for non-fulfilment, although certain people are obliged to carry out certain actions for other reasons as well, whether as a tradition or for social reasons.

Law of Obligations is a legal bond (vinculum iuris) by which one or more parties (obligants) are bound to act or refrain from acting.

Duty is work that you are obliged to perform for moral or legal reasons. Duty

Standard of Care is the only degree of prudence and caution required of an individual who is under a duty of care. The requirements of the standard are closely dependent on circumstances. Whether the standard of care has been breached is determined by the trier of fact, and is usually phrased in terms of the reasonable person.

Legal Liability is a legal-bound obligation. Something that politicians should have.

Legal Responsibility is when a person's actions cause an event to happen.

Professional Responsibility encompasses the duties to act in a professional manner, obey the law, avoid conflicts of interest, and put the interests of people ahead of your own interests that are not as important.

Responsibility Assumption is the doctrine that an individual has substantial or total responsibility for the events and circumstances that befall them in their personal life, to a considerably greater degree than is normally thought. Strong adherents of responsibility assumption consider that whatever situation they find themselves in, their own past desires and choices must have led to that outcome.

Public Liability is not ignoring Duty of Care so to avoid negligence, damages, injuries or losses.
But you also need to know more then the definition of responsibility, you must also fully understand life itself, the thing that you are responsible for. You can be responsible, but if you don't understand Life, or understand the cause and effects of your actions and inactions, then the only thing that you will be responsible for is destroying life and murdering people, and that is something you don't want on your resume.

Diffusion of Responsibility

We want Love, but we don't want the responsibilities that come with having a relationship. We want to travel, but we don't want to be responsible for its impacts. We want a lot of things, but we don't want to deal with all the responsibilities, or have the responsibility of having to maintain something so that it lasts a long time. But being a thoughtless and selfish scumbag is no way to go through life, because it never ends well, as we can clearly see, or hopefully see. You can't solve a problem when you don't believe that a problem exists, and there lies our first problem, which is people not having enough knowledge and information so they are fully aware of themselves and the world around them. It's almost impossible to make good choices and good decisions when you don't know what they are, or have the ability and opportunity to do so.

Corporate Social Responsibility - B-Corp
Activism

Function are the actions and activities assigned to or required or expected of a person or group. A relation such that one thing is dependent on another. Serve a Purpose or role. Perform duties attached to a particular office or place or function.

90% of our Jobs need to be aligned with Human Responsibilities that insure our Survival, and Human Rights and Freedoms.

Proactive (of a policy or person or action) is controlling a situation by causing something to happen rather than waiting to respond to it after it happens.

Teaching Responsibilities

Serve is to serve a purpose, role, or function. A relation such that one thing is dependent on another. Work that you are obliged to perform for moral or legal reasons. The actions and activities assigned to or required or expected of a person or group. Normal or customary activity of a person in a particular social setting. A personal relation in which one is obligated for a service or favor. Owing gratitude or recognition to another for Help or favors etc. The social force that binds you to the courses of action demanded by that force. A set sequence of steps, part of larger computer program. A form of trustworthiness. 

Assist is to give help or assistance; be of service The activity of contributing to the fulfillment of a need or furtherance of an effort or purpose.

Value Measuring

Business Ethics is conduct that is relevant to the conduct of individuals and entire organizations.

Quality Control

Service Level Agreement aspects of the service – quality, availability, responsibilities – are agreed between the service provider and the service user. Contracts

Customer Service

Services is the performance of Duties or provision of space and equipment helpful to others. Work done by one person or group that benefits another. An act of help or assistance. A company or agency that performs a public service. A means of serving. Make fit for use. Something that aids or promotes well-being. Contribute to the progress or growth of. Development of the mind. Act of improving by expanding or enlarging or refining.

Creating Value - Purpose-Oriented

Service Quality is understanding and improving operational processes; identifying problems quickly and systematically; establishing valid and reliable service performance measures and measuring customer satisfaction and other performance outcomes.

Development
Ideas

Service (economics) is an economic activity where an immaterial exchange of value occurs. When a service such as labor is performed the buyer does not take exclusive ownership of that which is purchased, unless agreed upon by buyer and seller. The benefits of such a service, if priced, are held to be self-evident in the buyer's willingness to pay for it. Public Services are those, that society (nation state, fiscal union, regional) as a whole pays for, through taxes and other means. Using resources, skill, ingenuity, and experience, service providers effect benefit to service consumers. Thereby, service providers participate in an economy without the restrictions of carrying inventory (stock) or the need to concern themselves with bulky raw materials. Furthermore, their investment in expertise does require consistent service marketing and upgrading in the face of competition.

Shared Services

Purpose is an anticipated outcome that is intended or that guides your planned actions. The quality of being determined to do or achieve something; firmness of purpose. What something is used for. The goal intended to be attained (and which is believed to be attainable) Visualize expected results. Specific actions to take. Guidelines.

Expedient
is something appropriate to a purpose; practical.

Needs Assessment is a systematic process for determining and addressing needs, or "gaps" between current conditions and desired conditions or "wants". The discrepancy between the current condition and wanted condition must be measured to appropriately identify the need. The need can be a desire to improve current performance or to correct a deficiency.

Need is something that is necessary for an organism to live a healthy life. Needs are distinguished from wants in that, in the case of a need, a deficiency causes a clear adverse outcome: a dysfunction or death.

Professional is a person who has acquired specialized skills and knowledge through advanced learning and education so that they are proficient in their craft and produce high quality work in their area of expertise. Someone who is qualified to teach others about their area of Knowledge. 

Professional - Accreditation
Expert
Intelligent (words that describe intelligence)
Work Ethics
Philosophy

Input is the cost to the world by measuring the value of the resources used in its service or product.

Output
is how the service or product benefits people, and how it benefits the world. 

Cause and Effect

Meliorism holds that humans can, through their interference with processes that would otherwise be natural, produce an outcome which is an improvement over the aforementioned natural one.


Oaths That Help Guide Us

As a manager, my purpose is to serve the greater good by bringing people and resources together to create value that no single individual can create alone. Therefore I will seek a course that enhances the value my enterprise can create for society over the long term. I recognize my decisions can have far-reaching consequences that affect the well-being of individuals inside and outside my enterprise, today and in the future. As I reconcile the interests of different constituencies, I will face choices that are not easy for me and others.

United States Uniformed Services Oath of Office
I will Remember 
Human Promise Manifesto

Don't Lie (to many scumbags take an oath but never follow it)

Therefore I promise:
I will act with utmost integrity and pursue my work in an ethical manner.
I will safeguard the interests of my shareholders, co-workers, customers and the society in which we operate.
I will manage my enterprise in good faith, guarding against decisions and behavior that advance my own narrow ambitions but harm the enterprise and the societies it serves.
I will understand and uphold, both in letter and in spirit, the laws and contracts governing my own conduct and that of my enterprise.
I will take responsibility for my actions, and I will represent the performance and risks of my enterprise accurately and honestly.
I will develop both myself and other managers under my supervision so that the profession continues to grow and contribute to the well-being of society.
I will strive to create sustainable economic, social, and environmental prosperity worldwide.
I will be accountable to my peers and they will be accountable to me for living by this oath.

This oath I make freely, and upon my honor.

Hippocratic Oath for Managers
1. I undertake, throughout my academic career, regardless of any position I hold, to base all Judgments of others on an objective analysis of the available facts. When called upon to do so, I shall cite the exact information upon which my judgments are based. 

2. My judgments of others shall, wherever possible, be made publicly. When anonymity is essential, I shall provide arguments worthy of public scrutiny.

3. I shall endeavor always to distinguish between my judgments on academic grounds and any personal interests. I shall always declare the latter, even if they require my withdrawal from a particular decision.

4. I shall at all times avoid in word and deed any form, of discrimination against others in race, religion, ethnic background, sex, marital status, age, political affiliation, nationality, and physical condition. I shall encourage my students and colleagues to do
likewise in my presence.

5. All requests for judgment of the work of others will be treated by me as a matter for the utmost priority. If, for any reason beyond my control, I am unable to give them urgent attention I shall request to be relieved of my responsibility.

6. I recognize as an academic a basic obligation to use my intellect and training by teaching or writing for the illumination of the community, following the truth fearlessly wherever it may lead, regardless of vested interests. I accept the intellectual requirements of my students as a prior claim on my time, taking precedence over all other activities. I undertake the continual re-evaluation of my teaching techniques to ensure that students obtain the best education available.

MBA Oath commit towards the creation of value "responsibly and ethically". To make a difference in the lives of the individual students who take the oath, to challenge other classmates to work towards a higher professional standard, whether they sign the oath or not, and to create a public conversation in the press about professionalizing and improving management.

Oath is a statement of fact or a promise with wording relating to something considered sacred as a sign of actual reality.

Oath of Office is an oath or affirmation a person takes before undertaking the duties of an office, usually a position in government or within a religious body, although such oaths are sometimes required of officers of other organizations.

Army Oaths - I, _____, do solemnly swear (or affirm) that I will support and defend the Constitution of the United States against all enemies, foreign and domestic. Oath Keepers - Soldiers Creed

Hippocratic Oath is to uphold specific ethical standards. Historically, this oath is taken by physicians. It is one of the most widely known of Greek medical texts.

Dereliction of Duty is someone who has willfully refused to perform his duties (or follow a given order) or has incapacitated himself in such a way that he cannot perform his duties.

Police Officers Decision Making and Discretion (PDF)
Code of Ethics (PDF)
Morals

A Hippocratic Oath for Managers
The famous Hippocratic Oath is the earliest and most impressive document in medical ethics.
One translation is: I swear by Apollo the physician, by Æsculapius, by Hygeia, Panacea, all the gods and goddesses, that, according to my best ability and judgment, I will keep this oath and stipulation; to reckon him who taught me this art equally dear to me as my parents; to share my substance with him and relieve his necessities if required; to regard his offspring as on the same footing as my own brothers, and to teach them this art if they shall wish to learn it, without fee or scipulation, and that by precept, oral teaching and every other mode of instruction, I will impart a knowledge of the art to my own sons and to those of my teachers, and to disciples bound by a stipulation and oath, according to the law of medicine, but to no others. I will follow that method of treatment, which, according to my ability and judgment, I consider for the benefit of my patients, and abstain from whatever is deleterious and mischievous. I will give no deadly medicine to anyone if asked, nor suggest any such counsel; With purity and with holiness I will pass my life and practice my art. I will not cut a person who is suffering with a stone, but will leave this to be done by practitioners of this work. Into whatever houses I enter I will go into them for the benefit of the sick and will abstain from every voluntary act of mischief and corruption, and, further, from the seduction of females or males, bond or free. Whatever in connection with my professional practice, or not in connection with it, I may see or hear in the lives of men which ought not to be spoken abroad, I will not divulge, as reckoning that all such should be kept secret. While I continue to keep this oath inviolate, may it be granted to me to enjoy life and the practice of my art, respected always by, all men, but should I trespass and violate this oath, may the reverse be my lot.

A modern version is the Declaration of Geneva (1948):

I solemnly pledge myself to consecrate my life to the service of humanity.
I will give to my teachers the respect and gratitude which is their due; I will practice my profession with conscience and dignity; the health of my patient will be my first consideration;
I will respect the secrets which are confided in me;
I will maintain by all in means in my power the honor and the noble traditions of the medical profession; my colleagues will
be my brothers; I will not permit considerations of religion, nationality, race, party politics, or social standing to intervene between my duty and my patient;
I will maintain the utmost respect for human life, from the time of conception; even under threat,
I will not use my medical knowledge contrary to the Laws of Humanity.

I make these promises solemnly, freely, and upon my honor.”


"Most of our decisions are generally based upon the measurement of future benefits that come from making that decision, a decision that hopefully makes us better then what we presently are."

"If you think that being stupid is part of your business, then you are either in the wrong business or the wrong person for business."

Most bosses are the same, they bark a lot but they never say anything. Ignorance on how to use language effectively has caused most of our problems. And as soon as we learn and understand the incredible potential of language, the sooner we will start solving all our problems. Communicating effectively, efficiently, and with respect, can be something every person could learn in school, online, or using a smartphone.

“Keep your friends for friendship, but work with the skilled and competent”

Life Quotes

Manhood - "A man's usefulness depends upon his living up to his ideals insofar as he can. It is hard to fail, but it is worse never to have tried to succeed." ~ Theodore Roosevelt

"The first question to ask is, Does the business your in make a positive difference in peoples lives who are not related to the business in any way, directly or indirectly? If not, then your business is wasting time, people and resources. So you either find a new business or create a new one.

Money is not a Measurement of Worth, so what are you really doing?"

There is no such thing as Negative Feedback, the feedback is either good, bad, right or wrong. And it also needs the reasons why that explains its perceived negativity. Just to call something negative does not explain why it is considered negative. That's the same for positive psychology. You simply can not call something positive without explaining why it's thought to be positive. It's like an ignorant politician who talks but never says anything informative or insightful. Empty words create empty heads. You either use your time to learn something or you learn nothing at all. End the cycle of ignorance.  

Positive Feedback
Causal Loop Diagram

"You don't want a business to grow, you just want your business to increase its potential and increase its service to the community. Growing is not for profit, for money is not a measurement of reality. Growing is for when the need increases then your business increases, if the need decreases then your business decreases. And when a better alterative comes up you have to make adjustments, or change the business altogether."

Limits to Growth
Making a Difference

Most businesses are mainly local distribution centers for needed products or services. Consisting of important things that people need access too, or can have things delivered in a reasonable time at a reasonable cost. So things should be close enough to supply the need without wasting to much time and resources.

Organizing Principle
Viable System Model



Time Management


12 Hour Clock Face Priorities - Responsibilities - Importance - Choices - Short Term Goals - Long Term Goals

Time Management is the act or process of planning and exercising conscious control over the amount of Time spent on specific activities, especially to increase effectiveness, efficiency or productivity

To avoid Procrastinating you need to learn some important skills like Focus, Awareness, Self-Discipline, Maintaining Good Health and Energy, having Routines and having a good Memory. You need to keep reminding yourself on the task at hand and discipline yourself to stay focused. There are many Tools to help Manage Time. Procrastination is the avoidance of doing a task which needs to be accomplished. But putting off things is not bad, it only becomes bad when the thing that you put off doing causes more stress. Most people can't explain why they procrastinate, it's not because they're lazy, it's mostly from not learning how to be life smart. You can't do everything, but you can manage time more effectively to do more things, and too have more time.

You don’t have enough Time?

What is the time right now?
What is the amount of time that is needed at the present moment to complete a task?
How much time is left?
Amount of time today?
Amount of time tomorrow?
Amount of time in the future?

Procrastination is the lack of focus, purpose, planning, prioritizing and time perception. You can say "I don't feel like it", but that doesn't explain anything or answer the 5 lacking facts. Don't make excuses, just make logical decisions.

Organizing Time
Checklists

Managing Time: Schedule and to-do list, Balancing Time, Time spent on each responsibility and goal. Timeframe of when goals and responsibilities should be accomplished. Be reasonable, over demanding of yourself causes unnecessary Stress

Time Perception

Time Limit is a narrow field of time, or a particular point in time, by which an objective or task must be accomplished. Once that time has passed, the item may be considered overdue.

Timeline is a way of displaying a list of events in chronological order, sometimes described as a project artifact. It is typically a graphic design showing a long bar labeled with dates alongside itself and usually events labeled on points where they would have happened.

Timestamp is a sequence of characters or encoded information identifying when a certain event occurred, usually giving date and time of day, sometimes accurate to a small fraction of a second.

Chronology arranging events in their order of occurrence in time.

Visualizing Information

Outline Summary is a list arranged to show hierarchical relationships and is a type of tree structure. It is used to present the main points or topics of a given subject, often used as a rough draft or summary of the content of a document. Outline List

Time Management Guide
Mayo Clinic - Time Management
Dartmouth - Managing Time Skills
Time and Task Planner (Time Management Software)
Comparison of Time Tracking Software (Wiki)
Day Planner Software
Time and Date Tools
Project Organizer 
Task Management Guide
How to Complete a Project on Time (wiki how)
Getting Things Done (wiki)

12 Month Year Calendar (can Print on 11 x 8.5 Paper)
Priority Check List (can Print on 11 x 8.5 Paper)
Glance Clock. See what you need, when you need it A smart clock that automagically shows you the right information at the right moment.

Schedule consists of a list of times at which possible tasks, events, or actions are intended to take place, or of a sequence of events in the chronological order in which such things are intended to take place.

Schedule (workplace) is a list of employees, and associated information e.g. location, working times, responsibilities for a given time period e.g. week, month or sports season.

Schedule (project management) is a listing of a project's milestones, activities, and deliverables, usually with intended start and finish dates. Those items are often estimated by other information included in the project schedule of resource allocation, budget, task duration, and linkages of dependencies and scheduled events.

Schedule (computer science) describe execution of transactions running in the system. Often it is a list of operations (actions) ordered by time, performed by a set of transactions that are executed together in the system.

Scheduling Computing is the method by which work specified by some means is assigned to resources that complete the work.

Software Framework

Duration (project management) is the number of calendar periods it takes from the time the execution of element starts to the moment it is completed.

Project Management

Synchronization is the coordination of events to operate a system in unison.

Assignment Matrix describes the participation by various roles in completing tasks or deliverables for a project or business process. It is especially useful in clarifying roles and responsibilities in cross-functional/departmental projects and processes.

Chronemics is the study of the role of time in communication. It is one of several subcategories of the study of nonverbal communication. Other prominent subcategories include haptics (touch), kinesics (body movement), vocalics (paralanguage), and proxemics (the use of space). generally defined as the study of human tempo as it related to human communication. A persons use of time, the way in which one perceives and values time, structures time, and reacts to time frames.
Chronemics (PDF)

Monochronic time system means that things are done one at a time and time is segmented into precise, small units. Under this system, time is scheduled, arranged and managed.

Polychronic time system is a system where several things can be done at once, and wider view of time is exhibited and time is perceived in large fluid sections. Examples of polychronic behaviors include: typing while answering telephones or taking notes while sitting participating in meetings. Polychronicity is in contrast to those who prefer monochronicity (doing one thing at a time)

Talk time: There is a direct correlation between the power of an individual in an organization and conversation. This includes
both length of conversation, turn-taking and who initiates and ends a conversation. Extensive research indicates that those with more power in an organization will speak more often and for a greater length of time.

Work Time: The time of high status individuals is perceived as valuable, and they control their own time. On the other hand, a
subordinate with less power has their time controlled by a higher status individual and are in less control of their time – making them likely to report their time to a higher authority. Such practices are more associated with those in non-supervisory roles or in blue collar rather than white collar professions. Instead, as power and status in an organization increases, the flexibility of the work schedule also increases.

Workflow consists of an orchestrated and repeatable pattern of business activity enabled by the systematic organization of resources into processes that transform materials, provide services, or process information. It can be depicted as a sequence of operations, declared as work of a person or group, an organization of staff, or one or more simple or complex mechanisms.

Shift Work designed to make use of, or provide service across, all 24 hours of the clock each day of the week (often abbreviated as 24/7). The practice typically sees the day divided into shifts, set periods of time during which different groups of workers perform their duties. The term "shift work" includes both long-term night shifts and work schedules in which employees change or rotate shifts.

Day Planner Hour Schedule

Defining Responsibilities, Goals, Ideas, Dreams, Ambitions and Projects. Understanding the importance of what you are trying to accomplish and how to protect yourself from distractions and doubts. Balancing Learning, Working and Living.

Mission Statement is a statement which is used as a way of communicating the purpose of a person or organization, which can be updated when an organization or person evolves and learns more.

Goal Setting.

Framework outlines a broad overview or skeleton of interlinked items which supports a particular approach to a specific objective, and serves as a guide that can be modified as required by adding or deleting items.

“Better late than never, but never late is better”


Balance


Life in Balance Yin Yang Symbol Priority the action that arranges items or activities in order of importance. Measuring

Balance is a state of Equilibrium, which is a stable situation in which forces cancel one another. Harmonious arrangement or relation of parts or elements within a whole (as in a design). Equality of distribution. Sustainable

Equality is a state of being essentially equal or equivalent; equally balanced.

Equal
is having the same quantity, value, or measure as another.

Congruity
is the quality of agreeing; being suitable and appropriate, like harmony, compatibility in opinion and action.

Peace

Work Life Balance is a concept including proper prioritizing between "work" (career and ambition) and "lifestyle" (health, pleasure, leisure, family and spiritual development/meditation). This is related to the idea of lifestyle choice.

Strategies for a Balanced Life
Tips to Create a Balanced Life

Middle Way is avoiding dangerous extremes of austerities and sensual indulgence, and choosing a more reasonable and balanced approach.

Balance (Metaphysics) is used to mean a point between two opposite forces that is desirable over purely one state or the other, such as a balance between the metaphysical Law and Chaos — law by itself being overly controlling, chaos being overly unmanageable, balance being the point that minimizes the negatives of both.

Golden Mean (Philosophy) is the desirable middle between two extremes, one of excess and the other of deficiency. For example, in the Aristotelian view, courage is a virtue, but if taken to excess would manifest as recklessness, and, in deficiency, cowardice.

Yin and Yang describes how seemingly opposite or contrary forces may actually be complementary, interconnected, and interdependent in the natural world, and how they may give rise to each other as they interrelate to one another. Many tangible dualities (such as light and dark, fire and water, expanding and contracting) are thought of as physical manifestations of the duality symbolized by yin and yang.

Symmetry

Golden Rule 

Workaholic
Unplug
Stress
Take a Break
Needs


When should you Delegate?

Delegate is to transfer power to someone. Give an assignment to. A person appointed or elected to represent others. Delegate is someone who attends or communicates the ideas of or acts on behalf of an organization at a meeting or conference between organizations, which may be at the same level or involved in a common field of work or interest.

"You have to balance your time between finding temporary solutions and solving the root of the problem. You have to be looking for the cure as well as treating the problem. This way the problem does not continue to cause afflictions, forever."


What Not To Do List
Remember not to let others control how you feel.
Remember not to let anything that's not needed control your actions.
Remember not to overeat.
Remember not to give lame excuses.
Remember not to think negative of yourself.

Approaching Problems
Low priority problem, high priority problem, new problem, old problem, risks, threats and options. 
Decision Making
Multitasking
Brainstorming
Study Tips
Focus
Mind Tools
Mind Maps
Planning
Organizing
Problem Solving


Desktop Calendar - Personal Planner
Printable To Do Lists
D.I.Y. Planner Templates
Checkmark Location Based Reminders App
Ever Note
One-Note
Life Bits
Note taking to do list organizing tools
I Done This
Toodledo Task Organizer
My Life Organized (Software)

Apps to make you more Productive
Productivity Apps
Wunder List
Strike App
Pagico one app to manage all your tasks, files & notes.
Management Tools

Calendars - Meeting Schedules - Event Planner - Apps for Smartphones
Google Apps
Calendar Sunrise
Wave Calendar App
Jorte
Acalendar Softonic
Goal Apps
Business Calendar
Upto


Business Meeting with Hope PC Laptop Computer


The Thinker Man