You Vote around 100 times Everyday
Every action that you take
is a vote for something. Everything that we do is
cause and effect
, whether that something is good, bad, right or
wrong, wasteful or just plain stupid. You have to understand what you are
really voting for. Everyone needs to fully understand the consequences and
the benefits of our actions. We have to make our votes count. And if we
all vote together, we can change the world. But if we only
, then we're not voting, we're only
ignorant process that fools people into believing that we live in a
. This is far from the truth. We need to stop giving away the
responsibility for life to other people, this doesn't work, as everyone
can clearly see today, we have a lot of problems, problems that we can
solve if we work together
, vote together, and
This is not just about
. This is more about waste, abuse, corruption, and unsustainable
practices that is
our earth and killing life on our planet, which in
turn is abusing the health, liberty's and freedoms of people who
live now and
generations of people that will follow. There's just too much
going around that confuses and distracts the public about the
facts. We need to logically inform and educate the public. We
should be preparing people for the changes our world will endure
instead of wasting time blaming who is at fault. The more time
we waste, and the more Propaganda
will only guarantee more suffering and more damage.
"Think Globally, Act Locally"
If we all choose to live Healthier
lives, Live Cleaner
lives, and Live more
life will eventually be less expensive and more affordable for everyone. So
it's about making better choices and making logical decisions.
So call it whatever you want...Green
Environmentally Friendly Living, Green Ideas,
Low Impact Living, Learning to Reduce Waste
, it all adds up to progress, and continuous improvements in the quality of
life for everyone.
Actions to Reduce your Footprint
Lower Waste and Dependence
Environmental Education Reduce
Green Building Ideas
Green Building Products
Alternate Fuel Cars
- Landfills Compost
Green Energy Choices
will not work without improving our methods
of educating the public about better choices and better options.
Choices and options that would ultimately give people more
control over their own destiny, and more control over their
quality of life.
Ignorance is this worlds biggest killer
. People think that
because they have Money
that they have the right to waste and
abuse people, time and resources. This thinking is not just
but this type of selfish
makes you vulnerable and puts everyone
around you at risk.
"Stupidity is not Sustainable"
Lowering my Carbon
Count, or human footprint, has many benefits then just lowering
Greenhouse Gases. I save money, I don't pollute the earth
that much, I produce less waste and I'm definitely a lot healthier.
These are just a few of the things that I have changed in my
lifestyle. These are not major changes or sacrifices either,
it's just being little more aware and respectful to the
environment and to the future generations that will hopefully
enjoy this planet as much as I have. So above are just some of
my eco-initiatives to make me more eco-conscious, eco-friendly
and also help my frugality. I'm a conscience consumer and sometimes
Scuppie. When people become
more aware of what Carbon
Offset they can use to naturalize their negative impact on
the planet then everyone can make a difference without giving up their
freedom of choice. Of course choosing actions that do not have a negative
impact will save the time and energy of having to seek out a carbon
offset, thus making this process obsolete.
Another factor in maintaining
balance involves the element of time. As we peer into society's
future, we – you and I, and our government – must avoid the
impulse to live only for today, plundering for, for our own ease
and convenience, the precious resources of tomorrow. We cannot
mortgage the material assets of our grandchildren without asking
the loss also of their political and spiritual heritage. We want
democracy to survive for all generations to come, not to become
the insolvent phantom of tomorrow.
Dwight D. Eisenhower On Jan. 17, 1961.
I know that a lot of my efforts are being neutralized by other peoples
negative actions. That's why I do multiple things. Not only do I treat the
diseases and threats, I also work on the cure and long term goals. I'm not
only responsible for my local surroundings, I'm also responsible for the
entire planet, the entire system as a whole.
Everything is connected,
as long as you know where the connections are the strongest and where the
connections are the weakest. You need to maintain the strong connections
while improving the weak connections. Live, Learn, Love and
Progress...Let's get on with this...
Environmental Quotes and Sayings
Votes - Choices - Options
You don't need to have your own
car or bike, just share one.
I gave up my car in June
2008. I either
ask for a Ride, Car Pool,
Borrow a Car, Rent a Car,
, Shuttle Van,
, or other
. When I ride my bike I'm voting for
. I'm voting for better health. I'm voting for less noise and
traffic. I'm voting to stop murder by oil. I'm voting for life. (86% of
American workers drive to work)
policy to demolish freeways and create mixed-use urban
areas, parks, residential, commercial, or other land uses. Such highway
removal is often part of a policy to promote smart growth,
transit-oriented development, walkable and bicycle-friendly cities
some cases freeways are retained as less intrusive and expansive
boulevards, retained as freeways within tunnels beneath a city, or
relocated through less densely-developed areas.
Demand Responsive Transport
is flexible routing and
scheduling of small/medium vehicles operating in shared-ride mode between
pick-up and drop-off locations according to passengers needs.
When you need a Ride there are many alternatives, but that
depends on where you live.
Shared Transport Car
Trusted carpooling Connecting people who need to travel with
drivers who have empty seats.
5 million rides
In China, on Didi, the ride-sharing platform, 11 million
rides taken every day.
rideshare matching and
Driver to Drive Your Car.
Rent a Car
by the Hour.
phone’s GPS to offer a personal parking valet in crowded cities.
Researchers at MIT found that
just 3,000 four-person cars could serve 98 percent of the demand
currently being met by almost 14,000 taxis.
Condo complexes, businesses and apartments can group
is a model of car rental where people rent cars for short
periods of time, often by the hour. They are attractive to customers who
make only occasional use of a vehicle, as well as others who would like
occasional access to a vehicle of a different type than they use
day-to-day. The organization renting the cars may be a commercial business
or the users may be organized as a company, public agency, cooperative, or
ad hoc grouping. Carsharing services are available in over 1,000 cities in
Peer-to-Peer Car Sharing
is the process whereby existing car owners make their vehicles
available for others to rent for short periods of time. Peer-to-peer
carsharing is a form of person-to-person lending or collaborative
consumption, as part of the sharing economy. The business model is closely
aligned with traditional car clubs such as Streetcar or Zipcar, but
replaces a typical fleet with a ‘virtual’ fleet made up of vehicles from
participating owners. With peer-to-peer carsharing, participating car
owners are able to charge a fee to rent out their vehicles when they are
not using them. Participating renters can access nearby and affordable
vehicles and pay only for the time they need to use them.
Auto Insurance for Personal Vehicle Sharing
AB 1871 Bill
How to start your own car Sharing Program
Electric Car-Sharing Service begins in
. 1,000 of its cars, and 2,000 charging points (spread out
over 500 stations) in Singapore by 2020.
Car 2 Go
Rent a Car from Someone Nearby
Youth Transit Alliance
Personal Vehicle Sharing
Monitor Car Driving and Location
are websites that are also good for finding car shares.
There are also people and
that will pay you to
someone's car from point A to point B
Every apartment complex and every condo
complex should have its own Bikes to
Bicycle Sharing System
is a service in which bicycles are
made available for shared
use to individuals on a very short term basis.
Bike share schemes allow people to borrow a bike from point "A" and return
it at point "B". Many bike-share systems offer subscriptions that make the
first 30–45 minutes of use either free or very inexpensive, encouraging
use as transportation. This allows each bike to serve several users per
day. In most bike-share cities, casual riding over several hours or days
is better served by bicycle rental than by bike-share. For many systems,
smartphone mapping apps show nearby stations with available bikes and open
docks. List of Bicycle Sharing Systems
bike-share service. At $2 for 30 minutes.
World's First & Largest Smart Bike Share.
Dockless Bike Share
does not require a docking station. With dockless
systems, bicycles can be parked within a defined district at a bike rack
or along the sidewalk. Dockless bikes can be located and unlocked using a
smartphone app.Donkey Bike
24/7 Bike Rental - Find a bike near you and unlock with your
Bike Share Everywhere
25 Best Bike Share Programs In The World
Citi Bike 101
Bike Sharing Info-Graph
Rent a Bike
If you do use a car get regular tune-ups and properly
inflate the tires.
Same for bikes.
Sixty percent of Americans
live in areas with
. Health effects from air pollution include
changes in lung function, coughing, heart attacks, lung cancer
and premature death.
"You can make a choice, but sometimes you don't have a
choice until someone gives you a choice."
You don't need cable TV
have no Cable TV or Satellite TV Service since August 2007.
(Cord Cutter) I
to my 50 inch screen TV using a
, which makes
the picture high definition quality.
Digital Subscriber Line
, or DSL high speed
connection provides all my
and so much more. I
only see and read things that interest me with a lot
I also have a lot more to choose from and it's
always on my
which makes it very convenient. This
saves me money on the electric bill and saves me a lot of time
that would normally be wasted watching TV. The only down side is
that sometimes I can't watch certain live sports broadcasts so I
go to a sports bar or visit my friends house who is still paying
So it's not a TV anymore it's called a
is the best source to connect to.
In 2013 the average time Americans spend with digital media
each day will
surpass traditional TV viewing time
TV LinksNews Links
Energy Saving Tools
Internet Connections and Tips
Disable My Cable
I use the
do things digitally that saves a lot of money, time, resources and
American Consumer Institute
has calculated the world will save roughly 1 BILLION tons of
carbon in the next ten years by operating on the Internet.
Buy, Sell or Rent Used Text Books
Saving Screen Savers
Bike Powered Generator
How To Info, Dictionaries, Research,
Health & More
If printing, using the
Garamond Font with its thinner strokes can reduce ink
3: Conserve Energy - Reduce Waste
Lower the heat
and wear a sweater and thick socks in the winter
months. Use extra Blankets.
Open the windows more in the summer months and use a
Green Building Products
Green Building Ideas
Green Ideas Info-Graph
Turn off Electronic Power Siphons by using a power strip with a on and off switch.
They are also known as Phantom loads, standby power or vampire
power. These are devices that still consume electricity while
they are turned off or in
which is also called vampire power, vampire draw, phantom load, ghost load
or leaking electricity ("phantom load" and "leaking electricity" are
defined technical terms with other meanings, adopted for this different
purpose), refers to the way electric power consumed by electronic and
electrical appliances while they are switched off (but are designed to
draw some power) or in a standby mode.
Calculating the Cost of Standby Features. To calculate the annual cost
of an energy vampire, you need to know a few pieces of information: An
estimate of the standby power consumed by that device. An estimate of the
amount of time that the device remains in standby mode.
Your electrical cost per kilowatt
Energy Saving Power Strip
Electricity Usage Monitor
Use appliances that are
Televisions use less energy then plasmas.
Ink jet printers tend to be more energy-efficient than laser
Refrigerator full uses less energy.
Powered Concert Stages
bulbs and turn off lights and
electronics when not in use. -
Mode when not in use. Saves energy and extends
the life of the PC. -
I also Host my Website on servers that are Powered by 100% Wind
Wash clothes in
water instead of hot. Also try to buy eco friendly clothing that
cotton or other
I don't wash my clothes as much as I use to. No need to wash
clothes when they're not dirty or smelly.
Stain Removal 101
Recycle old Clothes you're not wearing anymore or not using.
The average American will still trash 81 pounds of unwanted
garments this year, that's 26 Billion Pounds of Clothing a Year,
which equals 26 billion pounds of textiles annually added to
Bluejeans Go Green
Us it Again
Drop Off Locations
Bamboo is also soft and dries faster, and
it's a renewable resource. Soy fabric is warm, biodegradable,
and resists bacteria.
Cotton into Rayon.
Air dry dishes instead
of heat drying dishes when using the dishwasher. When using
Natural Dishwashing Liquid.
I noticed the sponge never gets
that horrible odor that it gets from those name brand
the same dish, bowl and utensils and just wash them after each
use. I use to be an idiot and keep using other plates and
utensils till I filled the dishwasher, now I never use the
I use only cold water when washing the dishes.
3: Conserve Water
Don't run the water when brushing your teeth. Leaky faucets wastes
about 3,000 gallons of water a year. Depending on the type of
shower head, taking a four-minute shower instead of an
eight-minute shower could also save almost 10 gallons of water.
Water Conservation Technologies
Clean Water Rights
Use natural Cleaners -
Green Products -
Toilet or Bidet? -
Dishwashers or Hand Washing Dishes?
Use old soap slivers in a
Hand Soap Dispenser
or in a
Loofah Soap Pouch,
or use it to make new
Healthy - Sustainable - Organic
I'm trying to eat only
organic food and locally grown food. Locally
organic grown foods
have less impact on the environment and also help
small farmers who care more about the health of people and
the health of the land then a lot of these big farms.
I eat less
red meat and high fatty foods too. Meat eaters contribute seven
times more greenhouse gas emissions then
have shown red meat requires 28 times more land to produce than
pork or chicken, needs 11 times more water, and results in five
times more emissions. Meat lovers’
diets cause double the
It takes just
441 gallons of water to produce one pound of boneless beef—or about
110 gallons for a quarter-pound hamburger.
Food for Thought app tallies the nutritional data and
footprint associated with each food item and with the overall
meal, such as the amount of calories in a salad and the amount
of water that would be used in growing the lettuce.
Dietary greenhouse gas emissions of meat-eaters, fish-eaters,
vegetarians and vegans in the UK
Organic Food Info
Organic Consumers Association
Organic Grain Quinoa
Organic We Trust
Organic Consumer Safety
Foraging (wild foods)
Wilderness Family Naturals
Green Micro Gym
Eat This, Not That! (amazon book)
Growing your own food
can help lower the food bill and also help you eat more healthy.
Eating Healthy, Exercising and Sleeping Well are also very important.
City Garden Tips
Gardening Association says the average 600-square-foot
garden costs $70 to plant (24.5 feet by 24.5 feet), and produces
about 300 pounds of fresh produce that's worth around $600.
That's a $530 return on your investment.
Earth Box Garden Kit (amazon)
Foot Gardening (amazon)
When cooking on a
Kitchen Stove use the right size burner to match the size of the
Frying Pan and
Pots covered so the heat setting doesn't have to be that
Leftovers on a stove can sometimes use less
energy then a
Cooking large batches of food saves
energy because it takes less energy to reheat leftovers then
cooking a meal from scratch.
Soaking your pasta in a bowl of water for an hour before dinner
will reduce boiling pasta time to almost 1 minute.
American Supermarkets are throwing away nearly two million
tons of fresh food every year, 30% of our food, the same for the
UK, enough food to feed over 10 million people a year. The true cost of this waste is passed on to customers in prices
environment in landfill, while the supermarkets' profits continue to soar.
30 percent of the U.S. food supply goes to waste — 133 billion pounds of
it every year, equivalent to $161 billion. 1,249 calories per day for each
and every American. That's 62 percent of the recommended 2,000-calorie
adult daily diet. 45 percent of all food waste happens in the home.
consumes around 10 per cent more food than it needs, while almost nine
per cent is thrown away or left to spoil.
Wasted Food (PDF)
Wasted Info-Graph (image)
Food Waste Info-Graph (image)
Supermarkets lost about $15 billion annually in unsold fruits and
vegetables alone, and throw away, on average, 12 percent of
produce and 7 percent of meat and poultry.
saving wasted food from stores.
About 40 percent of food in the United States today goes uneaten. The
average American consumer wastes 10 times as
much food as someone in Southeast Asia — up 50 percent from Americans in
the 1970's. Yet, 1 in 6 Americans doesn't have
enough to eat, says the U.S. Department of Agriculture. And food waste
costs us about $165 billion a year and sucks up
25 percent of our freshwater supply.
People Dying from Over Eating while People are Starving
Food waste is the largest source of municipal solid waste in the
U.S. and the most destructive type of household waste in terms
of greenhouse gas emissions, the researchers report.
More than 1 billion metric tons of food is lost or wasted each
year, never making it from the farm to fork. The energy we put
into growing this food that nobody ever eats contributes 3.3
billion metric tons of annual carbon dioxide every year. Food
too expensive to be purchased will rot in the warehouse. Food
too unprofitable to harvest will be lost in the field. Food loss
at the production and distribution level accounts for two-thirds
of global food waste in a world where
more than 800 million people are chronically hungry.
Cold Chain is a temperature-controlled supply chain.
A Third of the World’s Food is being Wasted.
The Food Loss
and Waste Accounting and Reporting Standard (or FLW Standard)
is a global standard that provides requirements and guidance for
quantifying and reporting on the weight of food and/or
associated inedible parts removed from the food supply
chain—commonly referred to as “food loss and waste” (FLW).
Roughly 133 billion pounds of food go uneaten each year in the
U.S., according to the U.S. Department of Agriculture.
Eat It: A Food Waste Story people live on nothing but
that Reduce Food Waste
Food-app Reduces Food Waste
App for Food Waste
Food Recovery Network
Pare Up App
Stop Wasting Food movement Denmark
ZERA Food Recycler turn today’s food scraps into tomorrow’s
fertilizer, within 24 hours.
Food Share Filter
or text WhatsApp us on 99625 18992 , and someone will pick it up.
Ample Harvest enables millions of growers in this country to
donate excess garden produce to a local food pantry.
Tasty Be alerted when your food expires and know when food
should be used up.
Reta get reminded
before your food expires.
Food Preserving Knowledge
uses mobile technology to safely route surplus food from
wholesalers and restaurants to food banks and soup kitchens
instead of landfills.
view the available leftovers around you, make your selection,
and arrange for pick-up or delivery.
App scan barcodes or enter manually to keep track of what
you have at home. Get reminders for expiry dates.
FoodKeeper can help consumers use food while at peak quality
and reduce waste. The storage times listed are intended as
useful guidelines and are not hard-and-fast rules. Some foods
may deteriorate more quickly while others may last longer than
suggested. The times will vary depending on the growing
Green Egg Shopper Reduce food waste by never missing 'Use
by' dates. A comprehensive shopping list app with solid built in
features to let users manage shopping lists, reduce food waste,
watch expenses, and avoid overbuying. Helps save MONEY, FOOD,
and ENVIRONMENT in 3 simple steps.
Denmark opens first Food Waste Supermarket selling surplus
Looking at Food Waste
Feeding The Starving
Food for Thought
Half the Food from Farm to Fork is
Wasted...Food industry loses 8% in Production, Trucking Wastes
4%, Grocery Stores Waste 6%, Restaurants Waste 15% and Homes Throw
Commercial Food Waste Ban
About 40% of the planet's crops currently are fed to animals, so if we eat less meat, we
will have more food.
California caterers, hotels and
throw out roughly 1.5 million tons of perfectly good
food. Restaurants dump tens of
thousands of tons of edible food every
year. The vast majority of California's 90,000 restaurants and eateries do not participate
Food Donation Programs.
520,000 tons of food waste is generated annually in Connecticut
Tonight with John Oliver: Food Waste (HBO) (youtube)
food movement? Maybe garbage-to-plate dining (youtube)
Manhattan restaurant Blue Hill, chef Dan Barber is turning food
waste into cuisine.
collectively reduce food waste at scale.
Donating Food are Protected from law Suites under the Food
Donation Act (PDF)
Child Nutrition Act
Fighting Hunger Incentive Act of 2014
The average American throws away 33 pounds of food each month.
Households waste up to a third of food bought.
Reuters Food and Agriculture Summit
Farmers can lose some 30%-40% by weight of all food grown.
Millions of tons of fruit and vegetables rot in fields and
or are plowed over each year.
Waste to Energy
Some foods from harvesting are thrown away just because of appearance and
The average person needs to eat around 700 lbs. of food a year.
reports that Americans throw away 96 billion pounds of food
every year, or 263 million pounds a day.
Break it down even
further, and you've got 11 million pounds of food trashed every
hour, or a ton and a half each second.
Food Hate Waste
USDA and EPA Join with Private Sector, Charitable Organizations
to Set Nation's First Food Waste Reduction Goals
Make Food Last Longer when Storing
Food Expiration Dates -
A study found that up to 30% of
vegetables in the UK were not harvested because of their
physical appearance. The report also found that between 30% and
50% of the four billion tonnes of food produced around the world
each year went to waste.
It suggested that half the food bought in Europe and the US was
thrown away. The Institution of Mechanical Engineers said the
waste was being caused by poor storage, strict sell-by dates,
bulk offers and consumer fussiness, poor engineering and
agricultural practices, inadequate transport and storage
infrastructure through to supermarkets demanding cosmetically
perfect foodstuffs and encouraging consumers to overbuy through
buy-one-get-one-free offers. The report also found that huge
amounts of water, totaling 550 billion cubic metres, were being
used to grow crops that were never eaten.
Water for food production
could reach 10 to 13 trillion cubic metres a year by 2050.
Stuart: Global Food Waste Scandal (youtube)
- A Story of Excess (youtube)
Inside the 1.3 billion tons of food
wasted every year worldwide is 45 trillion gallons of water, and
Meat, of course, requires more water in its production than any
America could Feed 800 Million People from the Grain that
The contribution of food waste to global and European nitrogen
Europeans throw away 90 million tons
of food each year costing $130 billion every year. 40 tons of
food have been given away via the network
Cutting food waste by a quarter would
mean enough food for everyone, says UN
With the global population rising, wastage of products including
45% of all fruit and vegetables and 20% of meat is one of the
greatest challenges to achieving food security. Each year 1.3bn
tonnes of food, about a third of all that is produced, is
wasted, including about 45% of all fruit and vegetables, 35% of
fish and seafood, 30% of cereals, 20% of dairy products and 20%
of meat. Meanwhile, 795 million people suffer from severe
The environmental impact of food
loss and waste is high.
The carbon footprint of food produced and not eaten is estimated
at 3.3 gigatonnes of CO2, meaning that if food waste were a
country it would rank as the third highest national emitter of
greenhouse gases after the US and China. About 1.4bn hectares,
or close to 30% of available agricultural land, is used to grow
or farm food that is subsequently wasted. And more surface and
groundwater, or “blue water”, is used to produce wasted food
around the globe than is used for agriculture by any single
country, including India and China.
To Cut Food Waste, Spain's Solidarity Fridge Supplies Endless
Leftovers communal refrigerator shared by citizens in
of almost any variety have flesh high in fiber and beta
carotene. Their seeds, delicious when toasted or baked, can be
rich in vitamin B-12, potassium and protein. The problem is that
people didn't eat the vast majority of the 1.91 billion pounds
of pumpkins grown in the U.S. in 2014. Instead of throwing away
pumpkins in landfills, they make great livestock feed. You
can also donate your
curved pumpkins to
compost at your
local farmer's market, or compost them yourself.
Food waste also comes from people who
eat food, but do nothing important with the energy produced by
Like eating food but doing nothing
except watching TV shows that don't benefit you or anyone else.
Like eating food and then polluting the earth.
Like eating food and doing things that indirectly kill
people. If you knew that you were going to kill someone, why did
you eat first? That's food waste. It's like
eating the last meal before being executed, what's the
point, the last thing you should be doing is putting things in
your head and in your heart, and not putting things in your
People are also eating more food then
they need, thus
1.9 Billion People are Over Weight and Obsess. Most foods we
don't need, too much salt, sugar, bad fats and cholesterol, and
highly processed foods with low nutritional value.
"No need to tell your kids anymore to finish their
vegetables because kids are
starving in Africa, which was an ignorant and humiliating
statement to begin with, it's better to state the facts, tell
them they are not just wasting food, they are in fact wasting
all the time, people, energy, water and resources that went into
making this food available for you to eat, so
you are not just wasting food, you are wasting life. So if you
are not hungry now then please save it for later, and please
never forget, if you want to make the most out of what life
gives you, then don't waste the opportunity that millions of
people have given you, and please don't waste all the things
that mother earth provides for us, this is everyone's
Eleven months is the average age of an
apple in a grocery store in the United States.
This is because of cold storage where they can control
temperature, gases (oxygen, carbon dioxide and nitrogen) and
humidity; All kept at specified levels. Apples take in oxygen
and give off carbon dioxide as starches in the flesh change to
sugar. In sealed CA rooms, this respiratory process reduces the
oxygen level to slow the ripening process. Temperature is around
32 to 36 degrees Fahrenheit. Humidity is maintained at 95
percent. Exact conditions in the rooms are set according to the
fruit variety. Fruit picked too early will not store well in CA
nor will those that are picked past their proper maturity.
Controlled Atmosphere (CA storage).
Cold storage warehouse fails to protect workers from hazardous
gas exposure (OSHA)
Compost is organic matter that has been decomposed and
recycled as a Fertilizer and
Soil amendment. Compost is a key
ingredient in Organic Farming.
Fungal Compost -
Biodegradation is the disintegration of materials by
fungi, or other biological means. Although often
conflated, biodegradable is distinct in meaning from
compostable. While biodegradable simply means to be consumed by
microorganisms, "compostable" makes the specific demand that the
object break down under composting conditions.
Decomposition is the process by which organic substances are
broken down into much simpler forms of
matter. The process is
essential for recycling the finite matter that occupies physical
space in the biome. Bodies of living organisms begin to
decompose shortly after death. Animals, such as
worms, also help
decompose the organic materials. Organisms that do this are
known as decomposers. Although no two organisms decompose in the
same way, they all undergo the same sequential stages of
decomposition. One can differentiate abiotic from biotic
decomposition (biodegradation). The former means "degradation of a
substance by chemical or physical processes, e.g., hydrolysis. The latter
means "the metabolic breakdown of materials into simpler components by
living organisms", typically by microorganisms.
is a layer of material applied to the surface of an
area of soil to conserve moisture, to improve the fertility and
health of the soil, to reduce weed growth, to enhance the visual
appeal of the area.
Waste to Energy
- Biogas System for
Home Energy Supply
Residential Compost Collection Program
Avoid Common Composting Mistakes
Organic Land Care
Backyard Trench Composting
Composting turning Food Waste into Fuel and Plastic
Composting food waste instead of burying it in a landfill
produces far less methane.
High-Tech Electronics Made from Autumn Leaves
. New process converts
this organic biomass waste matter into a porous carbon material that can
be used to produce high-tech electronics. The dried leaves were first
ground into a powder, then heated to 220 degrees Celsius for 12 hours.
This produced a powder composed of tiny carbon microspheres. These
microspheres were then treated with a solution of potassium hydroxide and
heated by increasing the temperature in a series of jumps from 450 to 800
C. The chemical treatment corrodes the surface of the carbon microspheres,
making them extremely porous. The final product, a black carbon powder,
has a very high surface area due to the presence of many tiny pores that
have been chemically etched on the surface of the microspheres. The high
surface area gives the final product its extraordinary electrical
Human Body Composting
invertebrates are likely to contribute to the decomposition process.
Together with bacteria, fungi, and other microbes, these organisms make up
a complex food web or energy pyramid with primary, secondary, and tertiary
level consumers. Tertiary Consumers:
(organisms that eat secondary consumers). centipedes, predatory mites,
rove beetles, fomicid ants,
(organisms that eat primary consumers).
springtails, some types of mites, feather-winged beetles
protozoa, rotifera, soil flatworms.Primary
(organisms that eat organic residues). bacteria, fungi,
actinomycetes, nematodes, some types of mites, snails, slugs, earthworms,
millipedes, sowbugs, whiteworms.Organic
leaves, grass clippings, other plant debris, food scraps,
fecal matter and animal bodies including those of soil invertebrates.
is a euphemism for human feces collected at night
from cesspools, privies, etc. and sometimes used as a
fertilizer. Another definition is "untreated excreta transported
without water (e.g. via containers or buckets)" -
describes several forms of treated sewage sludge
that is intended for agricultural use as a soil conditioner.
Although sewage sludge has long been used in agriculture.
ready-to-use, homemade Fertilizer
5: The Power of "RE"
Recycle - Reclaim - Recover - Reduce - Repurpose
- Reshape - Rework -
- Rebuild - Reevaluate - Reimagine -Rethink
- Redesign - Restore
- Recombination -
- Refuse and Remove unsustainable
Products and Services.
You are free to choose, but you are not free from the consequences of your choice....
What a consumer needs to know....
is the evaluation of processes that protect the
environment alongside resource and energy consumption to most favourable
to least favourable actions. The hierarchy establishes preferred program
priorities based on sustainability
. To be
sustainable, waste management
cannot be solved only with technical
end-of-pipe solutions and an integrated approach is necessary.
is the process of converting waste materials into
reusable objects to prevent waste of potentially useful materials, reduce
the consumption of fresh raw materials, energy usage, air pollution (from
incineration) and water pollution
landfilling) by decreasing the need for "conventional" waste disposal and
lowering greenhouse gas emissions compared to plastic production.
Recycling is a key component of modern waste
and is the third component of the "Reduce, Reuse and
Recycle" waste hierarchy.
also known as creative reuse, is the process of
transforming by-products, waste materials, useless, or unwanted products
into new materials or products of better quality or for better
is the process of converting waste materials or
useless products into new materials or products of lesser quality and
reduced functionality. Downcycling aims to prevent wasting potentially
useful materials, reduce consumption of fresh raw materials, energy usage,
air pollution and water pollution. Its goals are also lowering greenhouse
gas emissions (though re-use of tainted toxic chemicals for other purposes
can have the opposite effect) as compared to virgin production. A clear
example of downcycling is plastic recycling, which turns the material into
lower grade plastics.
All Garbage should have a
that would give incentive to recycle all garbage
and to force manufactures to make recyclable materials that can be
returned for a fee.
is to reuse something for a different purpose. Sometimes
altering something to make it more suited for a different purpose.
for use in a different
way. Positive Thinking
is the process by which an object with one use value is transformed or
redeployed as an object with an alternative use value. This kind of
activity is as old as human civilization.
change and modify oneself to new or different
conditions. Make fit for, or change to suit a new
is to enhance the fitness and survival of
individuals by adapting, learning and changing to ones environment.
refers to designs that can adapt when
external changes occur.
Machine flexibility - The different operation
types that a machine can perform.
Material handling flexibility - The
ability to move the products within a manufacturing facility.
flexibility - The ability to produce a product in different ways.
Process flexibility - The set of products that the system can produce.
Product flexibility - The ability to add new products in the system.
Routing flexibility - The different routes (through machines and
workshops) that can be used to produce a product in the system.
flexibility - The ease to profitably increase or decrease the output of an
existing system. At firm level, it is the ability of a firm to operate
profitably at different output levels. Firms often use volume flexibility
as a benchmark to assess their performance vis-à-vis their competitors.
Expansion flexibility - The ability to build out the capacity of a system.
Program flexibility - The ability to run a system automatically.
Production flexibility - The number of products a system currently can
Market flexibility - The ability of the system to adapt to
is to use an item again after it has been used. This
includes conventional reuse where the item is used again for the same
function, and creative reuse where it is used for a different function.
is the use of existing assets
in some form
of a particular process, like within the software product
process. Assets are products and by-products of the software
life cycle and include
, software components, test suites,
designs and documentation. Leverage is modifying existing assets as needed to
meet specific system requirements. Because reuse implies the creation of a
separately maintained version of the assets needed, it is preferred over leverage.
are the simplest form of reuse. A chunk of code is regularly
. Proponents claim that
offer a more advanced form of reusability, although it
has been tough to objectively measure and define levels or scores of
The ability to reuse relies in an essential way on the ability to build
larger things from smaller parts, and being able to identify
among those parts. Reusability is often a required
software. Reusability brings several aspects to
that do not need to be considered when reusability is
not required. Reusability implies some explicit management of
issues. If these issues are not considered, software may appear to be reusable
point of view, but will not be reused in practice. Software reusability more specifically refers to design features of a
software element (or collection of software elements) that enhance its
suitability for reuse. Many reuse design principles were developed at the WISR workshops. Candidate design features for software reuse include:
, Brief: small size,
, Localization of volatile (changeable
design assumptions (David
, Simple: low
Consensus has not yet been reached on this list on the relative importance of
the entries nor on the issues which make each one important for a particular
class of applications.
is a product or service that is
freely interchangeable with another in satisfying an obligation. Freely
exchangeable for or replaceable by another of like nature or kind in the
satisfaction of an obligation or purpose
refers to the addition of new technology or features to
older systems. Power plant retrofit, improving power plant efficiency /
increasing output / reducing emissions. Home energy retrofit, the
improving of existing buildings with energy efficiency equipment. Seismic
retrofit, the process of strengthening older buildings in order to make
them earthquake resistant
Benefits of a retrofit: Saving on investments
while benefiting from new technologies. Optimization of existing plant
components. Adaptation of the plant for new or changed products. Increase
in piece number and cycle time. Guaranteed spare parts availability.
(Replacement and Modernization - R&M)
the process of devising a unique method
solving a problem
due to lack of time or
resources. In a technical context, this can mean adapting a device for
some use other than that which it was designed for, or building a device
from unusual components in an ad-hoc fashion. Improvisation in engineering
is to solve a problem with the tools and materials immediately at hand.
refers to the market for any used goods or assets, or
an alternative use for an existing product or asset where the customer
base is the second market.
(wiki). New improved parts.
is a process of elimination that involves reducing
the amount of waste produced in society and helps to eliminate the
generation of harmful and persistent wastes, supporting the efforts to
promote a more sustainable society. Waste minimisation involves
redesigning products and/or changing societal patterns, concerning
consumption and production, of waste generation, to prevent the creation
of waste. Moderation
Only about one-tenth of all solid garbage in the United States
is the process by which waste is separated
into different elements. Waste sorting can occur manually at the household
and collected through curbside collection schemes, or automatically
separated in materials recovery facilities or mechanical biological
treatment systems. Hand sorting was the first method used in the history
of waste sorting. Organize
Home - Building Recycling
Only 5.7% of all plastics are recycled every year.
Solid Waste Recycling Facts
72% of Americans do not know plastics are made from petroleum
and 40% believe petroleum plastics will biodegrade at some
point. (Insight Marketing and ADM study, April 27, 2007)
Singularity University Student Projects - UpCycle
10% of U.S. oil consumption - approximately 2 million barrels a
day - is used to make plastic.
(Insight Marketing and ADM study, April 27, 2007)
Ferris Wheel Recycling Center
Plastic does not biodegrade, but instead goes through the
process of photo degradation, where it turns into plastic dust.
for Marine Research)
The Future of Business on Earth
Disposable Item Time in Months to Biodegrade:
Recyclable products (when composted properly): 2-3
Cotton Rags: 1-5
Orange peels: 6
Cigarette butts: 12-144
Paper milk cartons (plastic coated): 60
Plastic bags: 120-240
Leather shoes: 300-480
Nylon fabric: 360-480
Tin cans: 600-1200
Plastic 6-pack holder rings: 5400
Glass bottles: 12 million (that means you can use the same
glass your entire life, and then pass it on to future
Plastic bottles: Forever
List above is from
and Hazardous WasteBiodegradation
In the U.S., 4.39 pounds of trash per day and up to 56 tons of
trash per year
are created by the average person.
Every year we fill enough garbage trucks to form a line that
would stretch from the earth, halfway to the moon.
Each day the United States throws away enough trash to fill
63,000 garbage trucks.
Almost 1/3 of the waste generated in the U.S. is packaging.
Disposable diapers take centuries to biodegrade. The average
baby soils about 8,000 of them before toilet training kicks in,
adds up to 3.7 million tons of municipal waste each year, up
from 350,000 tons in 1970. That means that 2.3 percent of
waste in the U.S. is diapers.
Americans throw away 2.5 million plastic bottles every hour
Every year, Americans make enough plastic film to shrink-wrap
the state of Texas.
Americans throw away enough aluminum cans to rebuild our
commercial air fleet every three months, and enough iron and
steel to supply all our nation's automakers every day.
Throwing away one aluminum can wastes as much energy as if that
can were 1/2 full of gasoline.
In the U.S., an additional 5 million tons of waste is generated
during the holidays. Four million tons of this is wrapping paper
and shopping bags.
Americans receive almost 4 million tons
of junk mail
year. Most of it winds up in landfills.
Americans toss out enough paper and plastic cups, forks and
spoons every year to circle the equator 300 times.
The average American office worker goes through around 500
disposable cups every year.
Nearly 44 million American workers purchase or eat lunch out
As of 1992, 14 billion pounds of trash were dumped into ocean
annually around the world.
Forty-three thousand tons of food is thrown out in the United
States each day.
Sixty-five billion aluminum soda cans are used each year.
EPA Disposing Appliances Responsibly
Recycling InfoMemory X
Buy and Sell old
of Electronics (2010)
Fixing Old Electronics
E-Waste Electronics Recycling NYC Gadget Trash
Electronics Reuse Conference
discovers new techniques for
refurbishing and recycling electronics efficiently and cost
The End of Ownership
(VPRO Backlight, 47:52)
Degradable Electronic Components created from Corn Starch
Poly(lactic acid)/Metal-Organic Framework Nanocomposites Exhibiting Good
Mechanical, Flame Retardant, and Dielectric Properties for the Fabrication
Breakthrough in Dissolving Electronics Holds Promise for Biomedicine
Researchers develop 3-D-printed biomaterials that degrade on demand
The waste from discarded electronic
gadgets and appliances has increased by two-thirds in East Asia over five
years since 2012, posing a growing threat to health and the environment
unless proper disposal becomes the norm. The United Nations University
biggest culprit with its electronic waste more than doubling.
Researchers looked at the life cycle of a mobile phone and found
that in the United Kingdom alone, there are 85 million unused
phones sitting around, containing $170 million worth of gold
among their internal parts. For every 1 million cell phones that
are recycled, 35,274 pounds of copper, 772 pounds of silver, 75
pounds of gold, and 33 pounds of palladium can be recovered. But
we’re only recycling 8 percent of our phones.
your Cell Phone
Make sure that the
electronic recycling company you're using is not sending
to foreign countries.
About 50 million
tons of electronic waste were
generated worldwide in 2012
, that number could grow to 65.4
million tons of e-waste by 2017, with the majority of the waste
in the world coming from manufacturing and production. Basel
tracked electronic waste donated to recycling centers
in the U.S., and found out that 40 percent of it ended up in dumps in Hong
Environmentally friendly way of extracting gold from waste electronics has
been discovered by Scottish based chemists
. (youtube) (7% Gold, 300 tons)
E-Waste Global Graphic
to Recycle at
Money Saving Ideas
Recycle 4 U
Recycling Facts and Figures
Reusable Surplus Building Materials
Make a Home Foundation
Repurposed Materials Inc
i Recycle Phone App Locates recycling places nearby
I use a pay as you go
Saves money and lowers the risk of brain tumors and
low sperm count
Product Stewardship Safely Disposing of Hazardous Products
Converting packing peanuts to battery components
Reverse Vending Recycling Machines
Grinder! Red Giant Eats a Car in Under 2 Minutes
Giving furniture a second life with IKEA
tyres into Reclaimed Steel, Diesel Oil and Carbon.
The Crayon Initiative
Every year, up to 75,000 pounds of crayons get thrown away by
restaurants and schools.
We are Swimming in Garbage
, a tsunami of waste that is
poisoning the land, the air, the water and the animals we eat.
Municipal Solid Waste
(MSW)—more commonly known as trash or
garbage—consists of everyday items we use and then throw away,
such as product packaging, grass clippings, furniture, clothing,
bottles, food scraps, newspapers, appliances, paint, and
batteries. This comes from our homes, schools, hospitals, and
(toxins - poison)
is the process of diverting waste from
landfills. The success of landfill diversion can be measured by comparison
of the size of the landfill from one year to the next. If the landfill
grows minimally or remains the same, then policies covering landfill
diversion are successful. For example, currently in the United States
there are 3000 landfills. A measure of the success of landfill diversion
would be if that number remains the same or is reduced. In 2009, it was
recorded that the national average of landfill diversion in the United
States was 33.8%, while San Francisco had implemented the most effective
policies and had recorded a landfill diversion rate of 77%. By diverting
landfills we can preserve our natural resources.
Americans generated about 251 million
tons of trash in 2012
The average person generates 4.3 pounds of waste per day
Approximately 55% of 220 million tons of waste generated each
year in the United States ends up in one of the over 3,500
Global MSW generation levels are approximately 1.3 billion
tonnes per yea
r, and are expected to increase to
approximately 2.2 billion tonnes per year by 2025. Waste by Country
Municipal Solid Waste
Kamikatsu will be Zero waste by 2020
No Trash. At the moment they have 34 categories of recycling.
80% of there waste gets reused, recycled and composted, and only
20% goes to landfill.
Use recyclable paper
products and if you have to use
buy the ones that can give smaller pieces.
I never but paper towels anymore
use a dish towel
hanky or cotton dinner napkins
instead of paper towels.
EPA studies indicate the average American
generates about 1,600 pounds of trash per year more than half
goes to a Landfill
Turn your beer bottles into glass cups 5 easy steps
Stop Junk Mail
and save 5
(19 billion catalogs = 53 million trees 56 billion gallons of
Do Not Call
Tell your mail carrier to stop putting
junk mail in your mail box.
Place this note on your
mailbox.."No Free Papers or Handbills"
Get Rid of Junk Mail
All that garbage that comes in the
should be a crime. People should not be allowed to
use peoples time and use our resources to send people something
in the mail they don't need. What a waste of paper to spend it
on useless information. And the news-papers are not any better.
have about 10%
useful information, with the other 90% is of the information
being irrelevant. This garbage and waste should not be forced on
people. It's disrespectful to waste resources and it's
disrespectful to waste peoples time with
especially when some images are degrading to humans on several
levels. All printed media should be 90% useful information. And
the other 10% should be clearly labeled as irrelevant
information. This would increase everyone's knowledge about
their community and offer everyone a chance to communicate
important information. When people are more informed about their
surroundings, the surroundings will always improve because they
are now more aware of the possibilities. That's just natural, so
why are we acting so unnatural?
Save the Post Office
is a person employed by a public or private enterprise to collect and
remove refuse (waste) and recyclables from residential, commercial,
industrial or other collection site for further processing and disposal.
is all the activities and actions required to
manage waste from its inception to its final disposal.
is a site for the disposal of waste materials by
burial and the oldest form of waste treatment (although the burial part is
modern; historically, refuse was just left in piles or thrown into pits).
Historically, landfills have been the most common method of organized
waste disposal and remain so in many places around the world. Also known
as dump, rubbish dump, garbage dump or dumping ground.
The evaluation of processes that protect the
environment alongside resource and energy consumption to most favorable
to least favorable actions. The hierarchy establishes preferred program
priorities based on sustainability. To be sustainable, waste management
cannot be solved only with technical end-of-pipe solutions and an
integrated approach is necessary. The waste management hierarchy indicates
an order of preference for action to reduce and manage waste, and is
usually presented diagrammatically in the form of a pyramid. The hierarchy
captures the progression of a material or product through successive
stages of waste management, and represents the latter part of the
life-cycle for each product. The aim of the waste hierarchy is to extract
the maximum practical benefits from products and to generate the minimum
amount of waste. The proper application of the waste hierarchy can have
several benefits. It can help prevent emissions of greenhouse gases,
reduces pollutants, save energy, conserves resources, create jobs and
stimulate the development of green technologies.
is a waste treatment process that involves the combustion of organic
substances contained in waste materials. Incineration and other
high-temperature waste treatment systems are described as "thermal
treatment". Incineration of waste materials converts the waste into ash,
flue gas and heat. The ash is mostly formed by the inorganic constituents
of the waste, and may take the form of solid lumps or particulates carried
by the flue gas. The flue gases must be cleaned of gaseous and particulate
pollutants before they are dispersed into the atmosphere. In some cases,
the heat generated by incineration can be used to
generate electric power
Nations generate 1.3 billion tons of waste
. That’s expected to
soar to 4 billion tons by 2100.
Seventy percent of U.S. municipal solid waste gets buried in
108,234 tons of waste per day is
Landfills continue to dwindle in number. In 1979, there were an
estimated 18,500 landfills in the nation. In 1988, there were
8000 landfills, in 2005 there were 1,654. (EPA figures)
3 million working refrigerators
are thrown away annually in the U.S.
are thrown away annually, with
90% still working
1.5 million tires are Dumped every year
is the chemical process involving the
decomposition of feedstock by heating it to a high temperature; the term
generally applies to processing of organic material in the absence of air
or in the presence of limited amounts of oxygen or other reagents,
catalysts, or solvents, such as steam or phenols. It is an application of
pyrolysis. The process breaks up or 'cracks' large molecules. Coke, coal
gas, gas carbon, coal tar, Buckminsterfullerene, ammonia liquor, and "coal
oil" historically, are examples of commercial products of the destructive
distillation of coal.
plant India - waste plastic and used tires to fuel
Is Trashing Italy
are compounds that are highly
organic pollutants (POPs). They are mostly by-products of various
industrial processes - or, in case of dioxin-like PCBs and PBBs, part of
intentionally produced mixtures.
Each American exerts three times as much pressure on the
natural environment as the global average
America is home to 5% of the world's population, yet it
consumes 1/3 of the Earth's timber and paper; making paper the
largest part of the waste stream at 37.5% of the total waste
Packaging adds 29 million tons of non-biodegradable waste to
landfills every year. 11.8% of all US annual municipal solid
waste is plastic.The average
American creates 4.5 pounds of trash per day
Activist Wears A
Month's Worth Of Trash To Visualize Our Wasteful Habits
Trash Me with Rob Greenfield. Clean
Air CouncilWaste to Energy
China — more than 520,000 tons of Garbage a day.
burning the garbage are well below EU standards, and our technology is
ahead of incinerators in the U.S..The heat from burning garbage at more
than 1,000 degrees Celsius produces enough electricity to power more than
China's pledge to burn 40 percent of its garbage by 2020
, because most
incinerators in China are operated by private companies burning garbage at
the equivalent of $3 a ton.
World Bank report
, in eight years, the Chinese will throw away nearly
1.4 million tons of garbage per day — twice as much as garbage as
Americans are expected to generate.
Sending nothing to landfill is a foreseeable future.
No Impact Man
No Impact Project
No Impact Film
Neutral Lifestyle with Doug Fine
Low Impact LivingSustainability
Living Trash Free
The average American produces more than four pounds of trash and
recyclables per day, about 1,500 pounds per year.
My first year
of living trash-and recycling-free, I produced a little more
than seven and a half pounds of waste
Sweden sends less
than 1% of household trash ends up in landfills
. This is in part
due to the 32
waste-to-energy (WTE) plants
that have been set up across
A cow's flatulence
could fill a 55-gallon (250-litre) bag with methane in one day.
We’re buying more than 80 billion new items of clothing each year, and
we’re tossing nearly as much to make room for them.
We purchase 400 percent more clothing today than we did 20 years
ago. An estimated 14.3 million tons of textiles were generated
in 2012. The average American tosses 82 pounds of textile waste
each year, which adds up to 11 million tons of the stuff from
our country alone. Textiles aren’t biodegradable, which means
they sit in landfills for at least 200 years. As a result, they
release harmful gases into the air.
True Cost Movie
Mountains of Paper Waste could lead to new U.S. Manufacturing Jobs
About 50 million tons of
-- or structural part of a plant -- piles up each year as waste from the
U.S. paper and pulping industry, only about 2 percent of the lignin waste
is currently recycled into new products making carbon fiber material.
Through fractionation, we separated lignin into different parts, and then
we found that certain parts of lignin are very good for high quality
carbon fiber manufacturing "And the entire supply chain is in the United
States, which means the jobs would be here. The biomass is grown,
harvested and transported here.
I Never Buy
, I use a
Reusable Water Bottle
the water if needed.
Recycle Your Brita Water Filter Cartridges and Plastic Pitchers
Gimme 5 Locations
People spend 90 billion dollars a year on bottled water
buying bottled water.
If having a party or sport function try having an advertiser
supply reusable water bottles.
Sports Bottle World
are two companies that will print
anything on a reusable water bottle. Americans thrown away 30
billion plastic bottles every year and 30 million everyday.
Grocery Bag or a
Backpack when food shopping and buying food
Reuse this Bag
Tasini is a foldable reusable bag inside and attached to a keychain
Custom Grocery Bag
Made in America
It takes 12 million barrels of oil to make 88.5 billion plastic
Half the amount of plastic made since 1950 was manufactured in
the last 13 years.
Pyrex Glass Containers
for food storage.
Bulk is Green
Biodegradable Compostable 13 Gallon Tall Kitchen Bags
Biodegradable’ Plastics Are A Big Fat Lie
New Biomaterial could replace Plastic Laminates, greatly Reduce Pollution
Paperboard coated with the biomaterial exhibited strong oil and water
barrier properties. The coating also resisted toluene, heptane and salt
solutions and exhibited improved wet and dry mechanical and water vapor
If I could get
and pick up my food in
I could cut down on trash.
There's more than enough plastic on the planet already to make all of our
products for the next century
. We just need to recycle, just like
life does already.
is the process of recovering scrap or
waste plastic and reprocessing the material into useful products. Since
plastic is non-biodegradable, recycling is a part of global efforts to
reduce plastic in the waste stream, especially the approximately
8 Million Metric Tonnes of waste plastic that
enter the Earth's ocean every year
. This helps to reduce the high
rates of plastic pollution. People around the world use more than a
Trillion Plastic Bags every year
made of a notoriously resilient kind of plastic called
that can take decades to break down. Only 2 percent of
the 78 Million Tons of manufactured plastics are currently recycled
into similar products because polyethylene (PE) and polypropylene (PP),
which account for two-thirds of the world's plastics, have different
chemical structures and cannot be efficiently repurposed together. 40
percent of plastics winds up in landfills.
Humans have created
8.3 Billion Metric Tons of Plastics
large-scale production of the synthetic materials began in the early 1950s,
and most of it now resides in landfill and the natural environment. Global
production of plastics increased from 2 million metric tons in 1950 to
over 400 million metric tons in 2015. If current trends continue, roughly
12 billion metric tons of plastic waste will be in landfills or the
natural environment by 2050. 42 percent of plastic goes for packaging.
Polymer Additive could Revolutionize Plastics Recycling
Plastic Bottles into Polyester Yarn on "How It's Made"
Neri Oxman: Design at the intersection of technology and biology
(video and text)
is a long-chain polymer of an N-acetylglucosamine, a
derivative of glucose, and is found in many places throughout the natural
world. It is a characteristic component of the cell walls of fungi, the
exoskeletons of arthropods such as crustaceans (e.g., crabs, lobsters and
shrimps) and insects, the radulae of molluscs, and the beaks and internal
shells of cephalopods, including squid and octopuses and on the scales and
other soft tissues of fish and lissamphibians. The structure of chitin is
comparable to the polysaccharide cellulose, forming crystalline
nanofibrils or whiskers. In terms of function, it may be compared to the
protein keratin. Chitin has proved versatile for several medicinal,
industrial and biotechnological purposes.
is a replacement for plastics that is 100 percent recyclable.
is the transformation of goods, services,
ideas and people into commodities, or objects of trade.
2 million die every year
around the world from polluted and contaminated water.
estimates that it would take 30 billion dollars
to bring safe
clean drinking water for everyone on the planet.
the FilmThe Story of Bottled Water
Only 7 percent of plastic waste in the United States is recycled
Plastic 2 Oil
Bioplastic Created from Shrimp Shells
California Bans Plastic Bags
2011 (video on hulu
- 1 hr. 18 min
Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation
Our campaign to ban plastic bags in Bali
(video and text)
Oil from Plastic
Transforms Plastic Containers Back Into Oil
Fuel From Plastic Waste
(youtube) - Cynar Plastic Energy Limited
Roads Made of Recycled Plastic
Billions of pounds of plastic waste are littering
the world's oceans. Now, a Ph.D. organic chemist and a sailboat captain
report that they are developing a process to reuse certain plastics,
transforming them from worthless trash into a valuable diesel fuel with a
small mobile reactor. They envision the technology could someday be
implemented globally on land and possibly placed on boats to convert
ocean waste plastic into fuel to power the vessels
Nineteen National Parks
– from the Grand Canyon to Zion –
have banned the sale of plastic water bottles, replacing them
with refillable bottles and free tap water. In Zion National,
they're eliminating 60,000 bottles a year
Has Created Six-Pack Holders That Can Be
Eaten By Marine Life.
Plastic Made Annually:
30 million tons in the USA, 5 million tons in the UK and 1.5
million tons in Australia.
"Pollution Starts at your Front Door"
Great Pacific Garbage Patch
, has been growing since 1950.
Floating toxic plastic garbage, twice the size of Texas, is
growing in the pacific between California and Hawaii.
OVER 5 TRILLION PIECES OF PLASTIC CURRENTLY LITTER THE OCEAN.
Trash accumulates in 5 ocean garbage patches, the largest one is between
Hawaii and California.
5 Trillion Plastic Pieces
Brain Damage in Fish affected by Plastic Nanoparticles
Countries that Pollute the Oceans the most
The trash stew is 80 percent plastic and weighs more than 3.5
Plastic Paradise: The Great Pacific Garbage Patch (2014)
in 90 percent of seabirds guts.
Micro-Plastic Particles threaten Fish
. Researchers have found that larval fish exposed
during development displayed changed
behaviors and stunted growth which lead to greatly increased
mortality rates. The researchers discovered that larval perch
that had access to microplastic particles only ate plastic and
ignored their natural food source of free-swimming
Food Quality Effects on Zooplankton Growth and Energy Transfer
in Pelagic Freshwater Food Webs
An estimated 24,000 tons of plastics are ingested by fish in the
North Pacific alone each year
is consumed as food in virtually all regions
around the world. Fish has been an important source of protein and other
nutrients for humans from time immemorial. In culinary and fishery
contexts, fish may include shellfish, such as molluscs, crustaceans and
echinoderms. English does not distinguish between fish as an animal and
the food prepared from it, as it does with pig vs. pork or cow vs. beef.
Some other languages do, as in the Spanish peces versus pescado. The
modern English word for fish comes from the Old English word fisc (plural:
fiscas) which was pronounced as it is today. English also has the term
seafood, which covers fish found in the seas and oceans as well as other
marine life used as food.
is any form of sea life regarded as food by humans.
Seafood prominently includes fish and shellfish. Shellfish include various
species of molluscs, crustaceans, and echinoderms. Historically, sea
mammals such as whales and dolphins have been consumed as food, though
that happens to a lesser extent in modern times. Edible sea plants, such
as some seaweeds and microalgae, are widely eaten as seafood around the
world, especially in Asia (see the category of sea vegetables). In North
America, although not generally in the United Kingdom, the term "seafood"
is extended to fresh water organisms eaten by humans, so all edible
aquatic life may be referred to as seafood. For the sake of completeness,
this article includes all edible aquatic life.
Fisheries and aquaculture support the livelihoods of an
estimated 540 million people
and is the most-traded of food
commodities, worth a record $102 billion in 2008. world
production of fish and fish products rose from 140 million tonnes in 2007 to 145 million tonnes in 2009. Fish contributes
to at least 50 percent of total animal protein intake in some
small island developing states.
15 trillion and 51 trillions pieces of plastic
litters the world’s oceans
, that’s three to 10 times more
plastic than scientists had previously estimated.
Humans leak a staggering 8 million metric tons of plastic into
the ocean each year
, according to research published in Science
Magazine. If our behavior doesn’t change, Ocean Conservancy
says, we’ll double that rate in just 10 years.
China, Indonesia, the Philippines, Thailand and Vietnam are
spewing out as much as 60 percent of the plastic waste that
enters the world’s seas
Wheel Garbage Skimmer
Since May 2014, it has
removed 40 tons of trash from the harbor.
Drone Eats Garbage
Waste Shark Aquadrones in the port of Rotterdam.
scientists Break Down Plastic with Bacteria
, commonly known as a
transformed the plastic into ethylene glycol
, which is commonly used
in antifreeze. The process of biodegrading both beeswax and polyethylene
involves breaking strong carbon bonds bacteria in its gut.
How the oceans can clean themselves: Boyan Slat at TEDxDelft
Robotic Ocean Vacuum
Floating Boom Cleans Ocean
Cerritos Wetlands Stewardship Program
Cleaning the Oceans one Marina at a Time
volunteers cleared nearly five tons of trash from San Diego
beaches this year, nearly a ton
more than last year, organizers said. In 82 cleanups, 6,489
volunteers cleaned 9,544 pounds of trash in 2013, the
organizations stated in a year-end report. That’s 1,950 more
pounds than they collected in 2012.
What if you could turn plastic trash into cash?: David Katz
is human-created waste that has deliberately or accidentally been released
in a lake, sea, ocean or waterway. Floating oceanic debris tends to
accumulate at the center of gyres and on coastlines, frequently washing
aground, when it is known as beach litter or tidewrack. Deliberate
disposal of wastes at sea is called ocean dumping. Naturally occurring
debris, such as driftwood, are also present. With the increasing use of
plastic, human influence has become an issue as many types of plastics do
not biodegrade. Waterborne plastic poses a serious threat to fish,
seabirds, marine reptiles, and marine mammals, as well as to boats and
coasts. Dumping, container spillages, litter washed into storm drains and
waterways and wind-blown landfill waste all contribute to this problem. In
efforts to prevent and mediate marine debris and pollutants, laws and
policies have been adopted internationally. Depending on relevance to the
issues and various levels of contribution, some countries have introduced
more specified protection policies.
Beach buoys deployed to detect water contamination
Whale Shaped Floating Garden Cleans the Worlds Rivers
The Ocean Cleanup
Plastic Waste Solutions
Steading Floating Cities
Man-made pollutants found in Earth's deepest ocean trenches
Death with Dignity
Ashes, Dust to Dust.
Dispose of my body with respect to me, with
respect to my family, with respect to my friends, and with respect to the
planet and future generations.
And when I die of course I will not
stop being Eco-friendly. I will be buried in an biodegradable
casket in a
year Americans bury enough steal from caskets to build the
golden gate bridge.
The U.S. buries about 90,272 tons of steel caskets, 1.64 million
tons of reinforced concrete vaults and 827,060 gallons of
embalming fluid, talk about waste and abuse, poising the land
and wasting resources is not a good way to honor the dead.
Each year, 2.6 million people die in the United
, and most are buried in a cemetery or cremated, impacting
land use and contributing to climate change. By 2030, estimates say that
70 percent of dead bodies will be cremated nationwide. Some choose it for
the lower cost, while others choose cremation for environmental reasons.
I thought of being
, but why waste
the energy and cause pollution when the worms need to eat too. In India each traditional cremation consumes nearly 900 pounds
of wood. CO2
Dissolving the Body
A Scottish company called
is offering a new way to cremate: using
, also known as water cremation
In the process, a body is placed in a silk bag and loaded into a machine
filled with a mixture of water and potassium hydroxide, set to 356 degrees
Fahrenheit. The chemicals and temperature break down the body into its
chemical components. In 3-4 hours, a family gets back bone ash (similar to
traditional cremation using fire) — and the company says the machine uses
only 1/8 of the energy required for cremation and doesn't emit mercury
into the air.
I want my dead body to become Compost
Urban Death Project
, my final resting
place, recycled, just like life does naturally. Recomposition
Core that will return human nutrients to the ground. Designer Katrina
Spade created the idea for a several-storied building, within city limits,
in which a collective pile of bodies can compost
over time and ultimately
be used as fertilizer. "The living carry loved ones up a ramp, and lay
them into the wood chips," she says. "As the body is transformed, it moves
downward into the core. The living take their energy to start the bodies
of the dead to give new energy through the composted soil." Weeks or
months later, a family could return to take home some of the composted
soil. Urban Death
Project Kickstarter Video
Recomposition Center turns Loved ones into
Compost. The decomposition process takes four weeks. The 10-bay
recomposition center accommodates one memorial service at a time; allowing
only two services a day, to ensure families won’t feel rushed. Once the
compost is finished, families can pick up some of the soil to take
home—but there’s no guarantee it comes exclusively from their loved one. (Decompiculture).
Could this process keep up with the Death Rate
Composting Livestock Farm Animals
I would like to Combine a Natural Burial
or Composting with a Tree.
Poetree Burial Planter
. Maybe a fruit tree?
A fully biodegradable urn designed to convert you into a tree
is the world´s first system designed to help
grow the remains of your
loved ones into trees
Infinity Burial Suit
returns your body to the earth without harming
Lee: Mushroom Burial Suit
Everyone should have a mock funeral done by
family and friends, and vise versa. This way everyone can get a glimpse of
how they will be remembered, and also understand all the responsibilities
of a funeral, a memorial and burying a loved one.
Preparing yourself for Death
(how I wish to die)
Home Funeral Alliance
Ramsey Creek preserve in 1998, the first
“green cemetery” in the United States.
Bacterial Toxic Remediation
Earth Friendly Cremations
Infinity Burial Project
Order of the Good Death
combines a cremation urn, ash scattering, and burial at sea into
one meaningful, permanent environmental tribute to life. An
Eternal Reef is a designed reef made of environmentally-safe
turns ashes into diamonds and hair into diamonds, a full line of
cremation jewelry, rings, and pendants.
symbolic portion of cremated remains into Earth orbit
Living Headstones with QR Codes
Having a memorial website for your decease doesn't need a
is the combustion, vaporization and oxidation of cadavers to
basic chemical compounds, such as gases, ashes and mineral fragments
retaining the appearance of dry bone. Cremation may serve as a funeral or
post-funeral rite as an alternative to the interment of an intact dead
body in a coffin, casket or shroud. Cremated remains (aka "cremains" or
simply, "ashes"), which do not constitute a health risk, may be buried or
interred in memorial sites or cemeteries, or they may be retained by
relatives and dispersed in various ways. Cremation is not an alternative
to a funeral, but rather an alternative to burial or other forms of
disposal. Some families prefer to have the deceased present at the funeral
with cremation to follow; others prefer that the cremation occur prior to
the funeral or memorial service. In many countries, cremation is usually
done in a crematorium. Some countries, such as India and Nepal, prefer
different methods, such as open-air cremation
"My body? — Oh! — If I could choose, I would to ashes it reduce, And
let the merry breezes blow my dust to where some flowers grow."
1879 – November 19, 1915).
Humans have been burying their dead for
30,000 thousand years. The
in America is a $15 billion a year industry
, and cemeteries, but excludes related costs
The average cost of a funeral is $7,323
2.5 million people died in the United States
in 2008, and
1.8 million of these
bodies were placed into
. Some 55 million people are reckoned to pass away
each year. Most of the 19,500 funeral homes
are controlled by Ten Companies. There is an estimated
is a place where the remains of dead people are
buried or otherwise interred.
Lists of Cemeteries
List of Cemeteries in America
List of Burial Mounds in the U.S.
Family Search Cemeteries
United States Cemetery Records
Old Graves Photos
is a mound of earth and stones raised over a grave or graves.
Tumuli are also known as barrows, burial mounds or kurgans, and may be
found throughout much of the world. A cairn, which is a mound of stones
built for various purposes, may also originally have been a tumulus.
is a grave containing multiple human corpses,
which may or may not be identified prior to burial. Although mass graves
can be used during major conflicts, in modern times they are more usually
seen after events such as a major famine, epidemic, or natural disaster.
Mass Graves in Iraq
is a short text honouring a deceased person. Strictly speaking,
it refers to text that is inscribed on a tombstone or plaque, but it may
also be used in a figurative sense. Some epitaphs are specified by the
person themselves before their death, while others are chosen by those
responsible for the burial. An epitaph may be written in prose or in poem
verse; poets have been known to compose their own epitaphs prior to their
death, as did William Shakespeare.
"As I approach old age, it seems that most of my social life is the result of
funerals. Why do people sometimes come together more in death,
then they do in life?"
is one of several participants that help carry
the casket at a funeral.
is a highly specialized surgical procedure that
consists of a thorough examination of a corpse to determine the
cause and manner of death and to evaluate any disease or injury
that may be present. It is usually performed by a specialized
medical doctor called a pathologist.
is an examination
of a dead body to find out the cause of death. An examination
and dissection of a dead body to determine cause of death or the
changes produced by disease. A discussion or analysis of
something (such as an event) after it has ended.
is determining the cause of death by
examining a corpse.
Without a name; an unseen face
and knowing not your time nor place
Tomorrow’s Child, though yet unborn,
I met you first last Tuesday morn.
A wise friend introduced us two,
and through his sobering point of view
I saw a day that you would see;
a day for you, but not for me
Knowing you has changed my thinking,
for I never had an inkling
That perhaps the things I do
might someday, somehow, threaten you
Tomorrow’s Child, my daughter-son
I’m afraid I’ve just begun
To think of you and of your good,
Though always having known I should.
Begin I will to weigh the cost
of what I squander; what is lost
If ever I forget that you
will someday come to live here too.
© Poem by Glenn Thomas
I have come to terms with the future.
From this day onward I will walk easy on the earth.
Plant trees. Kill no living things.
Live in harmony with all creatures.
I will restore the earth where I am.
Use no more of its resources than I need.
And listen, listen to what it is telling me.
-- M.J. Slim Hooey
"People do not look outside
the paradigms they are operating in and thus fail to see
the long term consequences."
Example of how Rants and
Profanity are Ineffective and Ignorant when trying to Explain a Problem...
"Why is that corporations and
governments make it easy for people to be a scumbags, while making it
harder to be a logical thoughtful person? How is it when I want to
make a better choice , people want to f*cking charge you more, just
because I care about life, well go f*ck yourself you f*cking scumbag, who
the f*ck are you trying to profit off other peoples good decisions? Is it
that you don't want life to improve? How about educating yourself and stop
being an as*hole!
- This text was supplied by a Super Ranter Algorithm ™,
Ai really does work, wow!"Diatribe
is a thunderous verbal attack. Why this type
of speech is ineffective
It's more logical to limit your own
mistakes then to spend your life exploiting the mistakes of others.
Limiting your own mistakes leads to
, exploiting the mistakes of others leads to
. Which is where we are
right now in 2017.
deGrasse Tyson said at starmus
, If you can
mars and make it
livable, then you can also make Earth livable again and repair the damage
that we have done in the last 100 years, which would be a lot easier then
trying to make mars livable. So I choose earth. Let the scumbags who mass
murdered people and poisoned the earth go to mars. They already portrayed
this in a few movies so this idea is not that unusual. A working
on mars for corporate executives and politicians who have committed
mass murder and environmental crimes. We are going to need a lot of
spaceships. But of course we would be idiots to waste resources like that.
We are better off educating
, besides that,
might survive on another planet and then comeback to kill us.
Chronic Wasting Disease
Transmissible Spongiform Encephalopathy
are a group of progressive,
invariably fatal, conditions that affect the brain (encephalopathies) and
nervous system of many animals, including humans. The first signs are
difficulties in movement. The most obvious and consistent clinical sign of
CWD is weight loss over time. Behavioral changes also occur in the
majority of cases, including decreased interactions with other animals,
listlessness, lowering of the head, tremors, repetitive walking in set
patterns, and nervousness. Excessive salivation and grinding of the teeth
also are observed. Most deer show increased drinking and urination; the
increased drinking and salivation may contribute to the spread of the
are a generalization of ordinary algorithms
that are more powerful, that is, compute more than
. So Ai found an answer, but it's still
looking for more possible answers, just incase the first answer was not
good enough..which is freaking brilliant, just like a human. What goes
around comes around.