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The Big 5

What Every Human Needs to Live a Happy, Sustainable, Healthy and Productive Life without Abuse or Waste. Schools can use these 5 subjects to teach math, science, chemistry, biology, physics, engineering, farming and social intelligence. Simultaneous.

Water - Food - Shelter - Energy - Education

(Acronym - W.F.S.E.E  - We Finally See)

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Fundamental Human Needs (wiki)

Subsistence: Physical and mental health, food, shelter, work, feed, clothe, rest, work, living environment, social setting. Goods
Protection: Care, adaptability, autonomy, social security, health systems, work co-operate, plan, take care of, help, social environment, dwelling.
Affection: Respect, sense of humor, generosity, sensuality friendships, family, relationships with nature share, take care of, make love, express emotions, privacy, intimate spaces of togetherness.
Understanding: Critical capacity, curiosity, intuition literature, teachers, policies, educational analyze, study, meditate, investigate, schools, families, universities, communities.
Participation: Receptiveness, dedication, sense of humor responsibilities, duties, work, rights cooperate, dissent, express opinions, associations, parties, churches, neighborhoods.
Leisure: Imagination, tranquility, spontaneity, games, parties, peace of mind, day-dream, remember, relax, have fun, landscapes, intimate spaces, places to be alone.
Creation: Imagination, boldness, inventiveness, curiosity, abilities, skills, work, techniques, invent, build, design, work, compose, interpret, spaces for expression, workshops, audiences.
Identity: Sense of belonging, self-esteem, consistency, language, religions, work, customs, values, norms, get to know oneself, grow, commit oneself, places one belongs to, everyday settings.
Freedom: Autonomy, passion, self-esteem, open-mindedness, equal rights, dissent, choose, run risks, develop awareness anywhere.

A Good Life for All within the Planet’s Means. A study led by the University of Leeds has found that no country currently meets its citizens’ basic needs at a globally sustainable level of resource use.

Social Mobility or upward mobility is the movement of individuals, families, households, or other categories of people within or between social strata in a society. It is a change in social status relative to one's current social location within a given society.

Quality of Life is the general well-being of individuals and societies, outlining negative and positive features of life. It observes life satisfaction, including everything from physical health, family, education, employment, wealth, religious beliefs, finance and the environment. QOL has a wide range of contexts, including the fields of international development, healthcare, politics and employment. It is important not to mix up the concept of QOL with a more recent growing area of health related QOL (HRQOL). An assessment of HRQOL is effectively an evaluation of QOL and its relationship with health. Quality of life should not be confused with the concept of standard of living, which is based primarily on income. Simplicity

Comfort is a sense of physical or psychological ease, often characterized as a lack of hardship. Persons who are lacking in comfort are uncomfortable, or experiencing discomfort. A degree of psychological comfort can be achieved by recreating experiences that are associated with pleasant memories, such as engaging in familiar activities, maintaining the presence of familiar objects, and consumption of healthy foods. Comfort is a particular concern in health care, as providing comfort to the sick and injured is one goal of healthcare, and can facilitate recovery. Persons who are surrounded with things that provide psychological comfort may be described as "in their comfort zone". Because of the personal nature of positive associations, psychological comfort is highly subjective.

Amenities are things that make you comfortable and at ease and give you a sense of pleasantness resulting from agreeable conditions.

Life Satisfaction is the way people show their emotions and feelings(moods) and how they feel about their directions and options for the future. It is a measure of well-being and may be assessed in terms of mood, satisfaction with relations with others and with achieved goals, self-concepts, and self-perceived ability to cope with daily life. It is having a favorable attitude of one's life as a whole rather than an assessment of current feelings. Life satisfaction has been measured in relation to economic standing, amount of education, experiences, and residence, as well as many other topics.

Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs Personal security, Financial security, Health and well-being, Safety net against accidents/illness and their adverse impacts, Friendship, Intimacy, belongingness, love, Family, physiological, esteem, self-actualization, and self-transcendence.

Need is something that is necessary to live, things like clean air, water, food and shelter. There are also many other needs that people require in order to live peacefully, things like security, freedom, respect, and love. When peoples needs are not available, then people will suffer, and when important needs are unavailable, then people could die.

Independent, not Dependent. Form Follows Function

Responsibility - Gross National Product

Welfare is the provision of a minimal level of well-being and social support for all citizens, sometimes referred to as public aid.

Well-Being is a general term for the condition of an individual or group, for example their social, economic, psychological, spiritual or medical state; a high level of well-being means in some sense the individual or group's condition is positive, while low well-being is associated with negative happenings. In philosophy, the term 'well-being' (and 'welfare', 'utility', etc.) refers to the manner in which an individual's life manifests desires, objectives, and needs—among myriad more diverse variables—and how these affect the individual's perspective.

Second Bill of Rights
Employment (right to work) - Food, clothing, and leisure by enough income to support them - Farmers' rights to a fair income - Freedom from unfair competition and monopolies - Housing - Medical care - Social security - Education.

The Big 5 are common Needs, things that we can Measure and Predict, things that can be Confirmed and Repeated in Tests using People, Time and Resources.  Working Together

social progress index Pillar is a fundamental principle or practice.

Five Pillars Development Model: Education, Water, Health, Food, Opportunity.
Five Pillars Development Model: Education, Clean Water & Sanitation, Food & Nutrition, Healthcare and Income Training & Empowerment.

Human Development Index is a composite statistic of life expectancy, education, and per capita income indicators, which are used to rank countries into four tiers of human development.

Per Capita Income measures the average income earned per person in a given area (city, region, country, etc.) in a specified year. It is calculated by dividing the area's total income by its total population. GDP

Human Development Index - List of Countries (wiki)

4 Pillars of Human Development
Equity refers to making equal access to opportunities available to everyone.
Sustainability means continuity in the availability of opportunities.
Productivity means human labor productivity or productivity in terms of human work.
Empowerment means to have the power to make choices.

Human Development (humanity) is a concept within a field of international development. It involves studies of the human condition with its core being the capability approach. The inequality adjusted Human Development Index is used as a way of measuring actual progress in human development by the United Nations. It is an alternative approach to a single focus on economic growth, and focused more on social justice, as a way of understanding progress. Human Development is the process of enlarging people's choices, said choices allowing them to lead a long and healthy life, to be educated, to enjoy a decent standard of living, as well as political freedom, other guaranteed human rights and various ingredients of self-respect.
Human Centered Design

Testable Laws of Nature on Planet Earth: Where Science, Environment and Social Development are inseparable.

The End of Ownership (VPRO Backlight, 47:52)

Commons is the cultural and natural resources accessible to all members of a society, including natural materials such as air, water, and a habitable earth. These resources are held in common, not owned privately. Development

Social Knowledge

Required amounts of Food and Water that are Necessary may vary depending on the location and region of the planet because of usable land and rainfall. Free Trade  

The Big Five will also Create Jobs for Every Man and Women on the Planet:  (Repair, Restore, Maintain, Manage).

The True Cost: Determined by the amount of people, time and resources that need to be used to provide the Big 5.
(Environmental impacts, Alternatives and Choices and so on)

People: The number of people it will take to perform any one of the Big 5 Responsibilities.

Time: The time needed to complete the tasks in each category and subcategory of the Big 5.

Resources: The resources needed to complete the task. Environmental impacts, alternatives and choices. 

Waste = Food (video)
Sustainable, Reusable and Recyclable. 
Life Cycle Assessment
Reverse Innovation
Minerals, Land, Wood, Water, Air, Technology.  
Open Source Ecology
Marcin Jakubowski (youtube)
Power Cube v7 is a modular engine unit that powers all mechanical machines in the Global Village Construction Set.

Quantity needed will vary depending on required output.

Our major problem is in our Governments that are incompetent and corrupt. A system that depends on money and not people is pure ignorance. And Poverty and Abuse is the end result. The only true way to defend people against a flawed society is to teach essential knowledge and information to every human being on this planet. Fix our Governments and we are on are way...

First things that every Society needs to do.

First Provide: Food, Water, Shelter, Energy and Education. All Five are equally important and all five are connected.

Dichotomy is a partition of a whole (or a set) into two parts (subsets). In other words, this couple of parts must be jointly exhaustive: everything must belong to one part or the other, and mutually exclusive: nothing can belong simultaneously to both parts.

Remove any one item and you will diminish life, create suffering and cause death. 
Being counter productive and making people vulnerable is not logical.

The first thing we teach is why the Big 5 is extremely important to every Human.


How many people can the current water supply in your area sustain? What determining factors could change the water supply in the future. What are the things that you have to do in order to maintain safe drinking water? How much time, people and resources would it take to supply water for all necessary needs without waste and abuse? How much time, people and resources would it take to clean our polluted water?

Water Knowledge

Each person should learn everything there is to know about Water. How to manage water supplies and how to keep water clean and plentiful without waste. 

Water Safety
Clean Water Websites

Life Saver Water Bottle Filter Systems
Drought Masters Water Generator 
Fresh Water from Air
Dean Kamen SlingShot (youtube)
Greif Pack: H20 Waterwear BackPack

Homes that use 41 gallons or less of hot water daily, tankless water heaters can be 24% to 34% more energy-efficient than storage tank heaters.

Information Stations should be available in every town, this way everyone can find needed services using menus like this one below.


How much Fertile land is available to grow food? How many people could this land sustain? How much time, people and resources to feed yourself and others with the recommended daily nutritional requirements for optimum health? How much time, people and resources would it take to create more Local Farms Sustainably?

Food Security - Farming Knowledge - Food Programs

Cooking - Stoves - Ovens

Solar Cooking - Rocket Stove - Solar Heat
Volcano Collapsible Multi-Fuel Cooking Stove
Efficient Cooking Stoves
Earth Spark
Newly Discovered 'Blue Whirl' Fire Tornado Burns Cleaner for Reduced Emissions

Rocket Stove is an efficient and hot burning stove using small-diameter wood fuel. Fuel is burned in a simple combustion chamber containing an insulated vertical chimney, which ensures almost complete combustion prior to the flames' reaching the cooking surface. It uses the same principle as the Dakota fire pit. Rocket stove designs are most often used for portable stoves for cooking but the design is also used to make rocket mass heaters for heating. Like the beverage-can stove, it is made from found materials, but generally uses wood rather than alcohol. In field tests in India, rocket stoves used 18 to 35 per cent less fuel compared to the traditional stoves and reduced fuel used 39-47 per cent compared to the three-stone fire, as well as a large reduction in emissions. A precursor of the rocket stove was the Argand lamp. The idea has been commercialized as the Kelly Kettle and the InStove.

How to Make a Tin Can Rocket Stove (youtube)
Solo Stove
Kombuis a portable and efficient rocket stove and cooking set
Burn Wise
Biolite Stove
Biobricks (biopellet)
How to Make a Swedish Fire Torch (youtube)
Eco Zoom Stove
Velocity Grill - The Ultimate Wood Fired Grill
Roccbox: The Portable Stone Bake Pizza Oven - Skinny Pizza

Cooking Skills (ovens, frying, preperation)

Convection is the heat transfer due to bulk movement of molecules within fluids such as gases and liquids, including molten rock (rheid). Convection takes place through advection, diffusion or both. Boiling Point.

Infrared Heater is a body with a higher temperature which transfers energy to a body with a lower temperature through electromagnetic radiation. Depending on the temperature of the emitting body, the wavelength of the peak of the infrared radiation ranges from 780 nm to 1 mm. No contact or medium between the two bodies is needed for the energy transfer. Infrared heaters can be operated in vacuum or atmosphere.

Solar Ovens (cooking using sun energy)

Induction Cooking heats a cooking vessel by magnetic induction, instead of by thermal conduction from a flame, or an electrical heating element. Because inductive heating directly heats the vessel, very rapid increases in temperature can be achieved.

Induction Heating is the process of heating an electrically conducting object (usually a metal) by Electromagnetic Induction, which is the production of an electromotive force (i.e., voltage) across an electrical conductor due to its dynamic interaction with a magnetic field, through heat generated in the object by eddy currents (also called Foucault currents). An induction heater consists of an electromagnet, and an electronic oscillator that passes a high-frequency alternating current (AC) through the electromagnet. The rapidly alternating magnetic field penetrates the object, generating electric currents inside the conductor called eddy currents. The eddy currents flowing through the resistance of the material heat it by Joule heating. In ferromagnetic (and ferrimagnetic) materials like iron, heat may also be generated by magnetic hysteresis losses. The frequency of current used depends on the object size, material type, coupling (between the work coil and the object to be heated) and the penetration depth.

Paragon Induction Cooktop
Cook with Kenyon
First Build
Cinder Grill: Cook Perfect Food
Big Boss Induction Cookware (amazon)

We need to combine an Intelligent Pan with an intelligent Stove. (Boil Alert Technology)
SmartyPans: World's First Smart Cooking Pan

Paragon: Smart Cooking System Precisely control pan temperature or liquid temperature to make perfect dishes every time.

Cast Iron Skillets Marquette Castings Skillets made by combining a superior casting process with an unparalleled seasoning process.

Earth Oven is one of the simplest and most ancient cooking structures. At its most basic, an earth oven is a pit in the ground used to trap heat and bake, smoke, or steam food. Earth ovens have been used in many places and cultures in the past, and the presence of such cooking pits is a key sign of human settlement often sought by archaeologists. Earth ovens remain a common tool for cooking large quantities of food where no equipment is available. They have been used in various civilizations around the world and are still commonly found in the Pacific region to date.

How to make a Mesolithic Pit Oven (youtube)
Hawaiian Underground Oven

Pachamanca is a traditional Peruvian dish based on the baking, with the aid of hot stones (the earthen oven is known as a huatia), of lamb, mutton, pork, chicken or guinea pig, marinated in spices.

Potential Energy, The Darfur Stoves Project

New Invention: SMILE - Low-cost solar concentrator technology for the developing world (youtube)

Wonderbag is a simple but revolutionary, non-electric portable slow cooker. It continues to cook food which has been brought to the boil by conventional methods for up to 8 hours without the use of additional electricity or fuel.

Wood-Burning Stove (or wood burner) is a heating appliance capable of burning wood fuel and wood-derived biomass fuel, such as wood pellets. Generally the appliance consists of a solid metal (usually cast iron or steel) closed Fire chamber, a fire brick base and an adjustable air control. The stove is connected by ventilating stove pipes to a suitable chimney or flue, which will fill with hot combustion gases once the fuel is ignited. The chimney or flue gases must be hotter than the outside temperature to ensure combustion gases are drawn out of the fire chamber and up the chimney. (secondary combustion) Many wood-burning stoves are engineered such that they can be converted to multi-fuel stoves with the addition of a grate.

Stove is an enclosed space in which fuel is burned to heat either the space in which the stove is situated, or items placed on the heated stove itself. There are many types of stoves such as the Kitchen Stove which is used to Cook Food, and the wood-burning stove or a coal stove which is typically used for heating a dwelling. Due to concerns about air pollution, efforts have been made to improve the stove design over the years. Pellet stoves, for example, are a type of clean-burning stove, and air-tight stoves are another type that combust the wood more completely and therefore reduce the amount of the resulted combustion by-products. In the U.S. since 1992, all wood stoves being manufactured are required to limit particulate emission.

Researchers tested three types of wood-burning stoves: Traditional stoves; natural-draft stoves; and forced-draft stoves, which use battery-powered fans to improve combustion. While traditional stoves emitted an average of 6 grams of PM per kilogram of fuel burned (g/kg), that number jumps to an average of 14 g/kg when you include the PM that the emissions form over time, due to chemical reactions that take place in the atmosphere.

Thermal Electric Generators - Passive Energy

Wood Burning Stoves can also make Pyrolysis Oil, sometimes also known as biocrude or biooil, is a synthetic fuel under investigation as substitute for petroleum. It is extracted by biomass to liquid technology of destructive distillation from dried biomass in a reactor at temperature of about 500 °C with subsequent cooling. Pyrolytic oil (or bio-oil) is a kind of tar and normally contains too high levels of oxygen to be a hydrocarbon. As such it is distinctly different from similar petroleum products.

Wood Stove can also make Syn Gas for cooking or Running Machines.

Tula 8190 Wood stove: TULA 8190 / Efficiency: 88% LHV / Heats up to: 1,200 sq ft / Firebox Capacity: 1.4 cu ft / Size: Up to 30,000 BTUs / EPA Certified: 2.6 gph / Efficiency: 88% LHV / Burn Time: Up to 6 hours / Maximum Log Length: 17" (loaded vertically).

Kimberly Wood Stove is a highly efficient small wood stove, needing only 6 inches of clearance on sides, weighs just 56 pounds, cook top surface, optional accessories will generate electricity, bake, and heat water. Produces just 3.2 grams/hour emissions because of dual combustion and double walled stove pipe. Also takes air from outside. 3 inch exhaust pipe.

Heating Efficiently: Rocket Mass Heater (youtube)
Rocket Mass Heater (wiki)

Soot is a mass of impure carbon particles resulting from the incomplete combustion of hydrocarbons. It is more properly restricted to the product of the gas-phase combustion process but is commonly extended to include the residual pyrolysed fuel particles such as coal, cenospheres, charred wood, and petroleum coke that may become airborne during pyrolysis and that are more properly identified as cokes or chars. Soot causes cancer and lung disease, and is theorized to be the second-biggest human cause of global warming.
Comparing Particle Emissions from Traffic, Cigarettes and Heating

Wood Stove Decathlon

Stove Operation Tips: Open both front dampers completely before starting a fire. Place wood in the firebox and light the fire. Allow the fire to burn for between 10 to 30 minutes before adjusting the dampers. Close the front damper slowly and observe the smoke escaping from the chimney.

Woodstove Thermometer (amazon)

Energy Needs
Egloo Candle Powered Heater

Compost Heating System regenerative soil-building compost heat recovery systems.
Human Poop is Fuel to Burn - Waste to Energy


Standard freezers and refrigerators can use 3000 watt hours each day.

Refrigeration is a process of moving heat from one location to another in controlled conditions. The idea of preserving food dates back to at least the ancient Roman and Chinese empires. Refrigeration has reduced stomach cancer and other diseases. The history of artificial refrigeration began when Scottish professor William Cullen designed a small refrigerating machine in 1755, In 1913, refrigerators for home and domestic use were invented by Fred W. Wolf of Fort Wayne, Indiana with models consisting of a unit that was mounted on top of an ice box. The first refrigerator to see widespread use was the General Electric "Monitor-Top" refrigerator introduced in 1927.

Refrigerator is a popular household appliance that consists of a thermally insulated compartment and a heat pump (mechanical, electronic or chemical) that transfers heat from the inside of the fridge to its external environment so that the inside of the fridge is cooled to a temperature below the ambient temperature of the room. Refrigeration is an essential food storage technique in developed countries. The lower temperature lowers the reproduction rate of bacteria, so the refrigerator reduces the rate of spoilage. A refrigerator maintains a temperature a few degrees above the freezing point of water. Optimum temperature range for perishable food storage is 3 to 5 °C (37 to 41 °F). A similar device that maintains a temperature below the freezing point of water is called a freezer. The refrigerator replaced the icebox, which had been a common household appliance for almost a century and a half. For this reason, a refrigerator is sometimes referred to as an icebox in American usage.

Pot-in-Pot Refrigerator (wiki)
Refrigerator made of Clay
Any Where Fridge
IYCL (amazon)

Magnetic Refrigeration is a cooling technology based on the magnetocaloric effect. This technique can be used to attain extremely low temperatures, as well as the ranges used in common refrigerators. Compared to traditional gas-compression refrigeration, magnetic refrigeration is safer, quieter, more compact, has a higher cooling efficiency, and is more environmentally friendly because it does not use harmful, ozone-depleting coolant gases.

Principle of Magnetocaloric Cooling (youtube)
Efficient Appliances
Electrolux Appliances
WindChill - A low cost Food Preservation Unit designed to keep food cold without electricity
Backwoods Solar
Nipi - the portable solar generator & smart cooler
Wisemotion Linear Compressor (youtube) 
High Efficiency Super Insulated Extra thick walled SunDanzer 12 or 24 Volt DC
Food Preservation Methods for Keeping Foods Fresher Longer

Cooling System that works without Electricity. Radiative sky cooling to passively cool a fluid in a panel

Radiative Cooling is the process by which a body loses heat by thermal radiation.

Thermal Radiation is electromagnetic radiation generated by the thermal motion of charged particles in matter. All matter with a temperature greater than absolute zero emits thermal radiation. When the temperature of a body is greater than absolute zero, inter-atomic collisions cause the kinetic energy of the atoms or molecules to change. This results in charge-acceleration and/or dipole oscillation which produces electromagnetic radiation, and the wide spectrum of radiation reflects the wide spectrum of energies and accelerations that occur even at a single temperature.

Solar Air Conditioning refers to any air conditioning (cooling) system that uses solar power. This can be done through passive solar, solar thermal energy conversion and photovoltaic conversion (sunlight to electricity). Info-Graph (image)

Solar Thermal Energy s a form of energy and a technology for harnessing solar energy to generate thermal energy or electrical energy for use in industry, and in the residential and commercial sectors. There were about 750 cooling systems with solar-driven heat pumps, and annual market growth was 40 to 70% over the prior seven years.

Solar Cooling System keeps water at 9 Degrees Celsius for up to 3 Months
Chest Freezers are more Energy Efficient

Electrical Energy Efficiency Advancements

Air Conditioners - Passive Energy

Root Cellar is a structure built underground or partially underground and used to store vegetables, fruits, and nuts or other foods. Root cellars are for keeping food supplies at a low temperature and steady humidity. They keep food from freezing during the winter and keep food cool during the summer months to prevent spoilage. Food Preserving

The Ice House was introduced to Britain around 1660, though it was used by a some people in other areas in the world for over a thousand years prior.

Ice House (building) During the winter, ice and snow would be taken into the ice house and packed with insulation, often straw or sawdust. It would remain frozen for many months, often until the following winter, and could be used as a source of ice during summer months. The main application of the ice was the storage of perishable foods, but it could also be used simply to cool drinks, or allow ice-cream and sorbet desserts to be prepared.

Granary is a storehouse or room in a barn for threshed grain or animal feed. Ancient or primitive granaries are most often made out of pottery. Granaries are often built above the ground to keep the stored food away from mice and other animals.

Survival Tips (emergencies)

Camping Gear
Solar Powered Grain Mill

Farm Animals
Livestock (farming)
Sustainable Livestock
Raising Farm Animals
Eating Animals
Fair Trade

How to Butcher a Farm Animal to Eat
Man Expertly Butchers A Cow (youtube)
Victorinox Swiss Army Field Dressing Kit (amazon)
Outdoor Edge Game Processor PR-1 12-Piece Portable Butcher Kit with Hard Side Carry Case (amazon)
Weston Butcher Saw with 22 Inch Stainless Steel Blade (amazon)
Heavy Duty Vinyl Waterproof Apron- Black (amazon)
Bodog: The Real Mongolian Barbecue (youtube)
Farming Tools - Cooking Tools

Each person will learn everything there is to know about growing and harvesting Food including the importance of knowing Nutritional Needs
Human Food Energy Requirements
Land Management

Menu that is similar like the one above for water
Find Food......Grow Food.....Nutrition Needs......and so on 

Distributive Justice concerns the nature of a socially just allocation of goods in a society. A society in which incidental inequalities in outcome do not arise would be considered a society guided by the principles of distributive justice. The concept includes the available quantities of goods, the process by which goods are to be distributed, and the resulting allocation of the goods to the members of the society.

"When you teach someone how to grow food, you can also teach them at the same time about science, math, chemistry, geology, nutrition, energy, food preparation, weather, soil, water, air, insects and animals... Earth is the classroom."
Simultaneous Subject Teaching

If you can connect learning with food, then learning will never cease.


"Put a roof over your head"

First determine the best places to build cities, communities and homes on the land that is available, based on research from experts who have assed the Land for its needs as well as the needs of the people who plan to developed that particular land space? What would be the max size of these cities and communities to live sustainable and provide equal services for each person? How much time, people and resources would it require to provide shelter that is sustainable, safe, healthy, energy efficient and low in maintenance? How much time, people and resources would it require to upgrade existing houses and buildings to be healthy, energy efficient and low in maintenance? Living within the Parameters that nature allows. 

Factor e Farm Open Source Tools and Machines

Living Condition or Habitability is the conformance of a residence or abode to the implied warranty of habitability. A residence that complies is said to be habitable. It is an implied warranty or contract, meaning it does not have to be an express contract, covenant, or provision of a contract. There was no implied warranty of habitability for tenants at common law and the legal doctrine has since developed in many jurisdictions through housing laws and regulations. In order to be habitable, such housing usually: Must provide shelter, with working locks. Must be heated in the winter months (typically between October 1 and May 31 in the Northeastern United States). Must not be infested with vermin, roaches, termites, or mold. Requires the landlord to stop other tenants from making too much noise (as measured by the decibel scale), second-hand smoke, or from selling narcotics. Must provide potable water. Each jurisdiction may have various rules.

Architecture - Green Building (Sustainable Homes)
Passive Energy
Housing - Emergency Shelters
Toilets - Environment

William Mcdonough on Cradle to Cradle Design (video)
Architecture that's Built to Heal: Michael Murphy (video and interactive text)

How to Plan a City
Build Your Own House - Home Location
Tools (green building)

Home Building Requirements:
Every home should be durable, long-lasting and easy to maintain.
Every home should use sustainable methods and materials.
Every home should have healthy indoor air that is clean from contaminants.
Every home should produce its own energy.
Every home should use electricity effectively and efficiently.
Every home should use water effectively and efficiently.

Shelter needs to be a quiet sanctuary so that you may rest and sleep. Shelter must also be a place for personal entertainment. Shelter must also be a place to raise a family. Shelter must also be a place to be Productive, productive meaning being able to read, write, communicate, learn and provide a needed service for your community. Being productive can also be about having a place to exercise, a place for researching, a place to work on projects, a place to practice and a place for training.

Each person should learn everything there is to know about Shelter. How to choose the right land and area to build a shelter. How to choose the right land and area to build a city. What materials are available to build that are safe and sustainable. What is the best structure for this area that is totally energy efficient? How to Build a Home. How to utilize existing shelters. The size of the house is estimated by its intended purposes and needs. Building no more space then you need and be energy efficient. A house must provide you with a healthy environment so that you can be productive and as well as comfortable. A house must also be in balance with the surrounding environment. Be self-sustainable and not be dependent on other environments in order to maintain itself and preserve its existence. If the surrounding environment is not sustainable for a home then you will need dependable trade, or relocation options. 

Living Condition or Habitability: Must provide shelter, with working locks. Must be heated in the winter months. Must not be infested with vermin, roaches, termites, or mold. Requires the landlord to stop other tenants from making too much noise (as measured by the decibel scale), second-hand smoke, or from selling narcotics. Must provide potable water.

Turning Deserts into Forests

Menu that is similar like the one above for water...Find Shelter......Build Shelter.....Shelter Maintenance......and so on.

"When you teach someone how to build a house you can also teach them at the same time about engineering, science, math, problem solving, sanitation, clean water, energy uses, energy sources, environment, community and society...Life is the Classroom." 

Castle is a type of fortified structure built in Europe and the Middle East during the Middle Ages by European nobility.

Skyscrapers made of Mud - Homes from Dirt

Manhattan of the Desert in Yemen (Buildings made of Dirt))

The world's tallest 70 per cent wood building at 18 storeys (53 metres, about 174 feet) steel and concrete hybrid. Completed less than 70 days after the prefabricated components were first delivered to the site. $51.5 million for 400 people.

Housing Types


What energy sources are available that would provide safe and sustainable energy for every person in the city or community? How much time, people and resources would it require to provide you with all your energy needs without waste or abuse?

The U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)
Energy Saving Homes
Energy Alternatives
Gratifylight (vimeo)
The World Energy Foundation a non-profit organization dedicated to deliver renewable energy to those who need it most.

The average household in America consumes 10,656 Kilowatt Hours (kWh) per year.
All other households in the world combined consumes less energy per year then American homes?

Each person should learn everything there is to know about Energy. How energy works and how it is used to increase production. How energy is used to improve living conditions. What are the energy producing alternatives that are the most sustainable, produce minimal waste and have energy input output ratio. 

Seasonal Energy Efficiency Ratio SEER rating of a unit is the cooling output during a typical cooling-season divided by the total electric energy input during the same period.

Thermal Efficiency is a dimensionless performance measure of a device that uses thermal energy, such as an internal combustion engine, a steam turbine or a steam engine, a boiler, a furnace, or a refrigerator for example. For a power cycle, thermal efficiency indicates the extent to which the energy added by heat is converted to net work output. In the case of a refrigeration or heat pump cycle, thermal efficiency indicates the extent to which the energy added by work is converted to net heat output.

Coefficient of Performance of a heat pump, refrigerator or air conditioning system is a ratio of useful heating or cooling provided to work required. Higher COPs equate to lower operating costs.

Passive Energy

Net Energy Gain refers to the difference between the energy expended to harvest an energy source and the amount of energy gained from that harvest.

Why are Bio-Fuels to Costly?

Power Cube - Power Cube VI

Retrofitting Vehicles with New Technologies

Central Boiler
Cooking Stoves
Green Turbine
Stirling Engine Generator
Whispergen Micro chp 

Egloo Candle Powered Heater
DIY No Wax Candle (youtube)
House Needs

Home Appliance are electrical/mechanical machines which accomplish some household functions, such as cooling/heating, cooking or cleaning.

Heat (stoves for cooking food)

Major Appliance is a large machine in home appliance used for routine housekeeping tasks such as cooking, washing laundry, or food preservation. An appliance is different from a plumbing fixture because it uses electricity or fuel.

Small Appliances are portable or semi-portable machines, generally used on table-tops, counter-tops, or other platforms, to accomplish a household task. Examples include microwave ovens, toasters, humidifiers, and coffee makers. They contrast with major appliances (British "white goods"), such as the refrigerator and washing machine, which cannot be easily moved and are generally placed on the floor. Small appliances also contrast with consumer electronics (British "brown goods") which are for leisure and entertainment rather than purely practical tasks.

Microwave Appliance usage emits 7.7 million tonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent per year in the EU. This is equivalent to the annual emissions of 6.8 million cars. Microwave appliance usage across the EU consumes an estimated 9.4 terawatts per hour (TWh) of electricity every year. This is equivalent to the annual electricity generated by three large gas power plants. Efforts to reduce consumption should focus on improving consumer awareness and behavior to use appliances more efficiently.

Consumer Electronics are electronic or digital equipment intended for everyday use, typically in private homes. Consumer electronics include devices used for entertainment (flatscreen TVs, DVD players, DVD movies, iPods, video games, remote control cars, etc.), communications (telephones, cell phones, e-mail-capable laptops, etc.), and home-office activities (e.g., desktop computers, printers, paper shredders, etc.).

Efficient Appliances - Energy Use Monitoring - Planned Obsolescence

Homes that use 41 gallons or less of hot water daily, Tankless Water Heaters can be 24% to 34% more energy-efficient than storage tank heaters.

Heat Pump Water Heaters use electricity to move heat from one place to another instead of generating heat directly. Therefore, they can be two to three times more energy efficient than conventional electric resistance water heaters. To move the heat, heat pumps work like a refrigerator in reverse. While a refrigerator pulls heat from inside a box and dumps it into the surrounding room, a stand-alone air-source heat pump water heater pulls heat from the surrounding air and dumps it -- at a higher temperature -- into a tank to heat water. You can purchase a stand-alone heat pump water heating system as an integrated unit with a built-in water storage tank and back-up resistance heating elements. You can also retrofit a heat pump to work with an existing conventional storage water heater. Heat pump water heaters require installation in locations that remain in the 40º–90ºF (4.4º–32.2ºC) range year-round and provide at least 1,000 cubic feet (28.3 cubic meters) of air space around the water heater. Cool exhaust air can be exhausted to the room or outdoors. Install them in a space with excess heat, such as a furnace room. Heat pump water heaters will not operate efficiently in a cold space. They tend to cool the spaces they are in. You can also install an air-source heat pump system that combines heating, cooling, and water heating. These combination systems pull their heat indoors from the outdoor air in the winter and from the indoor air in the summer. Because they remove heat from the air, any type of air-source heat pump system works more efficiently in a warm climate. Homeowners primarily install geothermal heat pumps -- which draw heat from the ground during the winter and from the indoor air during the summer -- for heating and cooling their homes. For water heating, you can add a desuperheater to a geothermal heat pump system. A desuperheater is a small, auxiliary heat exchanger that uses superheated gases from the heat pump's compressor to heat water. This hot water then circulates through a pipe to the home's storage water heater tank. Desuperheaters are also available for tankless or demand-type water heaters. In the summer, the desuperheater uses the excess heat that would otherwise be expelled to the ground. Therefore, when the geothermal heat pump runs frequently during the summer, it can heat all of your water. During the fall, winter, and spring -- when the desuperheater isn't producing as much excess heat -- you'll need to rely more on your storage or demand water heater to heat the water. Some manufacturers also offer triple-function geothermal heat pump systems, which provide heating, cooling, and hot water. They use a separate heat exchanger to meet all of a household's hot water needs.

Electrolux Appliances

Cooling Air Conditioners

Geo-Thermal Types Passive Cooling is a building design approach that focuses on heat gain control and heat dissipation in a building in order to improve the indoor thermal comfort with low or nil energy consumption. This approach works either by preventing heat from entering the interior (heat gain prevention) or by removing heat from the building (natural cooling). Natural cooling utilizes on-site energy, available from the natural environment, combined with the architectural design of building components (e.g. building envelope), rather than mechanical systems to dissipate heat. Therefore, natural cooling depends not only on the architectural design of the building but on how the site's natural resources are used as heat sinks (i.e. everything that absorbs or dissipates heat). Examples of on-site heat sinks are the upper atmosphere (night sky), the outdoor air (wind), and the earth/soil.

Thermal envelope
is one of the key elements of a passive or a low energy house. Most important parts of thermal envelope include outer walls, roof, foundation, windows and doors. The purpose of the thermal envelope is to prevent heat transfer form interior of a house to its exterior in winter and vice versa in summer. Efficiency

Passive House Requirements - Passive House.ca - Ductless Air Conditioning

Passive House is a rigorous, voluntary standard for energy efficiency in a building, reducing its ecological footprint. It results in ultra-low energy buildings that require little energy for space heating or cooling. Passivhaus standard requires that the building fulfills the following requirements: Passive solar design and landscape, Superinsulation, Advanced window technology, Airtightness, Ventilation, Space heating, Lighting and electrical appliances. The building must be designed to have an annual heating and cooling demand as calculated with the Passivhaus Planning Package of not more than 15 kWh/m2 (4,755 BTU/sq ft; 5.017 MJ/sq ft) per year in heating or cooling energy OR be designed with a peak heat load of 10 W/m2 (1.2 hp/1000 sq ft). Total primary energy (source energy for electricity, etc.) consumption (primary energy for heating, hot water and electricity) must not be more than 60 kWh/m2 (19,020 BTU/sq ft; 20.07 MJ/sq ft) per year. The building must not leak more air than 0.6 times the house volume per hour (n50 ≤ 0.6 / hour) at 50 Pa (0.0073 psi) as tested by a blower door, or alternatively when looked at the surface area of the enclosure, the leakage rate must be less than 0.05 cubic feet per minute. Further, the specific heat load for the heating source at design temperature is recommended, but not required, to be less than 10 W/m² (3.17 btu/h·ft²). These standards are much higher than houses built to most normal building codes. For comparisons, see the international comparisons section below. National partners within the 'consortium for the Promotion of European Passive Houses' are thought to have some flexibility to adapt these limits locally.

Solar Cooling (refrigeration)

Geothermal Energy - Heat Pumps

Homemade Air Conditioner DIY - The "5 Gallon Bucket" Air Cooler! DIY- can be solar powered! (youtube)

How to cool your apartment for free using old plastic bottles, lowers temperature at least 5 degrees. The faster air moves, the lower pressure it has, evaporative cooling from the faster stream.

Evaporative Cooler is a device that cools air through the evaporation of water. Evaporative cooling differs from typical air conditioning systems which use vapor-compression or absorption refrigeration cycles. Evaporative cooling works by employing water's large enthalpy of vaporization. The temperature of dry air can be dropped significantly through the phase transition of liquid water to water vapor (evaporation), which can cool air using much less energy than refrigeration. In extremely dry climates, evaporative cooling of air has the added benefit of conditioning the air with more moisture for the comfort of building occupants.

Homemade "Evaporative Cooling" System (youtube)
Geizeer - eco friendly ice cooling personal eco- friendly ice cooling with refrigerant mixtures, which consumes less than 1 cent per day! Rechargeable Battery gives 5 Hours. 
Zero Breeze Portable AC Unit Cools 50 square feet room down to 44 degrees F.
Stanford engineers develop a plastic clothing material that cools the skin
Bed Covers that help you stay cool
WindAmp Valley Wind Technology provides a safe and natural breeze that's energy efficient

Newly engineered material can cool roofs, structures with zero energy consumption has the ability to cool objects even under direct sunlight with zero energy and water consumption. When applied to a surface, the metamaterial film cools the object underneath by efficiently reflecting incoming solar energy back into space while simultaneously allowing the surface to shed its own heat in the form of infrared thermal radiation. glass-polymer hybrid material measures just 50 micrometers thick — slightly thicker than the aluminum foil found in a kitchen — and can be manufactured economically on rolls, making it a potentially viable large-scale technology for both residential and commercial applications. passive radiative cooling, the process by which objects naturally shed heat in the form of infrared radiation, without consuming energy.

Radiative Cooling is the process by which a body loses heat by thermal radiation.

Thermal Radiation is electromagnetic radiation generated by the thermal motion of charged particles in matter. All matter with a temperature greater than absolute zero emits thermal radiation. When the temperature of a body is greater than absolute zero, inter-atomic collisions cause the kinetic energy of the atoms or molecules to change. This results in charge-acceleration and/or dipole oscillation which produces electromagnetic radiation, and the wide spectrum of radiation reflects the wide spectrum of energies and accelerations that occur even at a single temperature. Examples of thermal radiation include the visible light and infrared light emitted by an incandescent light bulb, the infrared radiation emitted by animals is detectable with an infrared camera, and the cosmic microwave background radiation. Thermal radiation is different from thermal convection and thermal conduction—a person near a raging bonfire feels radiant heating from the fire, even if the surrounding air is very cold. Sunlight is part of thermal radiation generated by the hot plasma of the Sun. The Earth also emits thermal radiation, but at a much lower intensity and different spectral distribution (infrared rather than visible) because it is cooler. The Earth's absorption of solar radiation, followed by its outgoing thermal radiation are the two most important processes that determine the temperature and climate of the Earth. If a radiation-emitting object meets the physical characteristics of a black body in thermodynamic equilibrium, the radiation is called blackbody radiation. Planck's law describes the spectrum of blackbody radiation, which depends only on the object's temperature. Wien's displacement law determines the most likely frequency of the emitted radiation, and the Stefan–Boltzmann law gives the radiant intensity. Thermal radiation is one of the fundamental mechanisms of heat transfer.


Menu that is similar like the one above for water
Find Energy Providers.....Energy Needs....Make Energy...and so on


In order to have a Healthcare System, a Justice System and an uncorrupted Government, you need an Education System that provides educated citizens who can fill these necessary jobs that society needs.

Everyone needs access to the best and most important information and Knowledge that is up to date at our current level of understanding. Everyone needs to have access to a complete education.

Paying People to Learn is not just an Incentive. If people are given the necessary knowledge and information that they can use to improve their lives, then the incentive will be just having the power of knowledge itself and not just the rewards that having knowledge gives, and those rewards will last a lifetime.

Education will also Include: Health Care Knowledge, Community Management Knowledge, Creating Excellent Teachers, Identifying and Creating Jobs that are Needed Now and in the Future, Creating and Updating Knowledge Bases and so on...

"In order for education and knowledge to be available to everyone, one of the public utilities would have to include communications, a public phone system owned and operated by the public and not by a corrupt corporation like AT&T."

Healthcare comes from Education. You can't have Doctors without education. You can't build hospitals without education. And people can't live healthy lives without education. This is why improving education is so extremely important.

Each person should learn everything there is to know about Education. How knowledge and information is acquired. How knowledge and information is shared. How knowledge and information is used to solve problems. How knowledge and information is used to acquire more knowledge and information. What knowledge and information is most important?

Basic Knowledge 101
Education Improvement Ideas

Education, Knowledge and Information will have a similar Menu like the one above for water.
Find Knowledge and Information......Make Knowledge..... Knowledge Needs....

"Every child is a student of the world. So every child should have access to the best tools for learning that are available, and also have all the important knowledge and information that the world has generated up to this date."

"When you teach someone about learning and teaching, they become life long learners and they become people who are willing to help and teach others in need."

The Thinker Man