The Big 5
What Every Human Needs to Live a Happy, Sustainable, Healthy and
Productive Life without Abuse or Waste. Schools can use these 5 subjects
to teach math, science, chemistry, biology, physics, engineering, farming
and social intelligence. Simultaneous
(Acronym - W.F.S.E.E - We Finally See)
Fundamental Human Needs
and mental health, food, shelter, work, feed,
environment, social setting. Goods
Care, adaptability, autonomy, social
, health systems,
, plan, take care of,
, social environment, dwelling.
Respect, sense of humor,
, sensuality friendships,
with nature share,
take care of,
make love, express
emotions, privacy, intimate spaces of togetherness
Critical capacity, curiosity
, intuition literature, teachers,
policies, educational analyze, study,
families, universities, communities.
Receptiveness, dedication, sense of humor
duties, work, rights cooperate, dissent, express opinions, associations,
parties, churches, neighborhoods.
Imagination, tranquility, spontaneity,
, parties, peace of
mind, day-dream, remember, relax,
, landscapes, intimate spaces,
places to be alone.
Imagination, boldness, inventiveness
, curiosity, abilities,
skills, work, techniques, invent
, work, compose, interpret,
spaces for expression
, workshops, audiences.
Sense of belonging, self-esteem
, consistency, language,
religions, work, customs
, values, norms, get to know oneself, grow, commit
oneself, places one belongs to, everyday settings.
Autonomy, passion, self-esteem, open-mindedness,
, choose, run risks, develop awareness anywhere.
or upward mobility is the movement of individuals, families, households,
or other categories of people within or between social strata in a
society. It is a change
in social status
relative to one's current social location within a
Quality of Life
is the general well-being of individuals and societies, outlining negative
and positive features of life. It observes life satisfaction, including
everything from physical health
, employment, wealth
religious beliefs, finance and the environment. QOL has a wide range of
contexts, including the fields of international development, healthcare,
politics and employment. It is important not to mix up the concept of QOL
with a more recent growing area of health related QOL (HRQOL). An
assessment of HRQOL is effectively an evaluation of QOL and its
relationship with health. Quality of life should not be confused with the
concept of standard of living
is based primarily on income.
is a sense of physical or psychological
, often characterized as a
lack of hardship
. Persons who are lacking in comfort are
uncomfortable, or experiencing discomfort. A degree of psychological
comfort can be achieved by recreating experiences that are associated with
pleasant memories, such as engaging in familiar activities, maintaining
the presence of familiar objects, and consumption of healthy foods.
Comfort is a particular concern in
, as providing comfort to the sick and injured is one goal
of healthcare, and can facilitate recovery. Persons who are surrounded
with things that provide psychological comfort may be described as "in
their comfort zone". Because of the personal nature of positive
associations, psychological comfort is highly subjective.
is the way people show their emotions and
feelings(moods) and how they feel about their directions and options for
the future. It is a measure of well-being and may be assessed in terms of
mood, satisfaction with relations with others and with achieved
, self-concepts, and
to cope with daily life. It is having a
one's life as a whole rather than an assessment of current feelings. Life
satisfaction has been measured in relation to economic standing,
amount of education
, experiences, and residence,
as well as many other topics.
Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs
, Financial security,
Health and well-being, Safety net against accidents/illness and their
adverse impacts, Friendship, Intimacy, belongingness, love, Family,
, and self-transcendence.
is something that is necessary to
live, things like clean air, water, food and shelter. There are also many
other needs that people require in order to live peacefully, things like
security, freedom, respect, and love. When peoples needs are not
available, then people will suffer, and when important needs are
unavailable, then people could die.Independent
Gross National Product
is the provision of a minimal level of well-being
and social support for all citizens, sometimes referred to as
general term for the condition of an individual or group, for example
their social, economic, psychological, spiritual or medical state; a high
level of well-being means in some sense the individual or group's
condition is positive, while low well-being is associated with negative
happenings. In philosophy, the term 'well-being' (and 'welfare',
'utility', etc.) refers to the manner in which an individual's life
manifests desires, objectives, and needs—among myriad more diverse
variables—and how these affect the individual's perspective.
Second Bill of Rights
Employment (right to work)
- Food, clothing, and leisure by enough income to support them - Farmers'
rights to a fair income - Freedom from unfair competition and
- Medical care - Social security - Education.
The Big 5 are common Needs, things that we can Measure and
Predict, things that can be Confirmed and Repeated in Tests using
People, Time and Resources.
is a fundamental
Five Pillars Development Model
: Education, Water, Health, Food,
Five Pillars Development Model
: Education, Clean Water & Sanitation,
Food & Nutrition, Healthcare and Income Training & Empowerment.
Human Development Index
is a composite statistic of life expectancy,
education, and per capita income indicators, which are used to rank
countries into four tiers of human development.
Per Capita Income
measures the average income earned per person in a
given area (city, region, country, etc.) in a specified year. It is
calculated by dividing the area's total income by its total population.
Human Development Index - List of Countries
4 Pillars of Human Development
refers to making
opportunities available to everyone.
in the availability of opportunities.
means human labor
productivity or productivity in terms of
means to have the
Human Development (humanity)
is a concept within a field of
international development. It involves studies of the human condition with
its core being the capability approach. The inequality adjusted Human
Development Index is used as a way of measuring actual progress in human
development by the
. It is an alternative approach to a single focus on
economic growth, and focused more on social justice, as a way of
understanding progress. Human Development is the process of enlarging
, said choices allowing
them to lead a long and healthy life, to be educated, to enjoy a decent
standard of living, as well as political freedom, other guaranteed
and various ingredients of
self-respect.Testable Laws of Nature on Planet Earth:
The End of Ownership
(VPRO Backlight, 47:52)
is the cultural and natural resources accessible to all members of a
society, including natural materials such as air, water, and a habitable
earth. These resources are held in common, not owned privately.
Required amounts of Food and Water that are Necessary may vary
depending on the location and region of the planet because of
usable land and rainfall.
The Big Five will also Create
Jobs for Every Man and Women on the Planet: (Repair,
Restore, Maintain, Manage)
The True Cost:
Determined by the amount of people, time and resources that
need to be used to provide the Big 5.
(Environmental impacts, Alternatives and Choices and so on)
The number of people it will take to perform any one of the Big
The time needed to complete the tasks in each category and
subcategory of the Big 5.Resources:
resources needed to complete the task.
, alternatives and choices.
Waste = Food
Sustainable, Reusable and Recyclable.
Life Cycle Assessment
Minerals, Land, Wood, Water, Air,
v7 is a modular engine unit that powers all
mechanical machines in the Global Village Construction Set.
Quantity needed will vary
depending on required output.
Our major problem is in
our Governments that are incompetent and corrupt. A system that
depends on money and not people is pure ignorance. And
and Abuse is the end
result. The only true way to defend people against a flawed
society is to teach essential knowledge and information to every
human being on this planet. Fix our Governments and we are on
First things that every Society needs to do.
First Provide: Food,
Water, Shelter, Energy and Education
. All Five are equally
important and all five are connected.
is a partition of a whole (or a set) into two
parts (subsets). In other words, this couple of parts must be jointly
exhaustive: everything must belong to one part or the other, and mutually
exclusive: nothing can belong simultaneously to both parts.
Remove any one item and you will diminish life, create suffering
and cause death.
Being counter productive and making people vulnerable is not
The first thing we teach is why the Big 5
is extremely important to every Human.
How many people can the current water supply in your area
sustain? What determining factors could change the water supply
in the future. What are the things that you have to do in order
to maintain safe drinking water?
How much time, people and resources would it take to supply
water for all necessary needs without waste and abuse? How much
time, people and resources would it take to clean our polluted
Each person should
learn everything there is to know about Water
. How to
manage water supplies and how to keep water clean and plentiful
Clean Water Websites
Life Saver Water Bottle Filter
Masters Water Generator
Fresh Water from Air
Dean Kamen SlingShot
Greif Pack: H20 Waterwear BackPack
Homes that use 41
gallons or less of hot water daily, tankless water heaters can be 24% to
34% more energy-efficient than storage tank heaters.
should be available in every town, this way everyone can find
needed services using menus like this one below.
land is available to grow food? How many people
could this land sustain? How much time, people and resources to feed
yourself and others with the recommended daily nutritional requirements
for optimum health? How much time, people and resources would it take to
create more Local Farms Sustainably?
Cooking - Stoves -
Solar Cooking - Rocket Stove
Volcano Collapsible Multi-Fuel Cooking Stove
Efficient Cooking Stoves
Newly Discovered 'Blue Whirl' Fire Tornado Burns Cleaner for
an efficient and hot burning stove using small-diameter wood fuel. Fuel is
burned in a simple combustion chamber containing an insulated vertical
chimney, which ensures almost complete combustion prior to the flames'
reaching the cooking surface. It uses the same principle as the Dakota
fire pit. Rocket stove designs are most often used for portable stoves for
cooking but the design is also used to make rocket mass heaters for
heating. Like the beverage-can stove, it is made from found materials, but
generally uses wood rather than alcohol. In field tests in India, rocket
stoves used 18 to 35 per cent less fuel compared to the traditional stoves
and reduced fuel used 39-47 per cent compared to the three-stone fire, as
well as a large reduction in emissions. A precursor of the rocket stove
was the Argand lamp. The idea has been commercialized as the Kelly Kettle
and the InStove.
How to Make a Tin Can
Make a Swedish Fire Torch
Velocity Grill - The Ultimate Wood Fired Grill
Roccbox: The Portable Stone Bake Pizza Oven
is the heat transfer due to bulk movement of
such as gases and liquids, including molten rock (rheid).
Convection takes place through
or both. Boiling Point
is a body with a higher temperature which transfers energy to a body with
a lower temperature through
. Depending on the temperature of the
emitting body, the wavelength of the peak of the infrared radiation ranges
from 780 nm to 1 mm. No contact or medium between the two bodies is needed
for the energy transfer. Infrared heaters can be operated in vacuum or
(cooking using sun energy)
heats a cooking vessel by magnetic
induction, instead of by thermal conduction from a flame, or an electrical
heating element. Because inductive heating directly heats the vessel, very
rapid increases in temperature can be achieved.
is the process of heating an electrically conducting
object (usually a metal) by
which is the production of an
electromotive force (i.e., voltage) across an electrical conductor due to
its dynamic interaction with a magnetic field, through heat generated in
the object by eddy currents (also called Foucault currents). An induction
heater consists of an electromagnet, and an electronic oscillator that
passes a high-frequency alternating current (AC) through the
electromagnet. The rapidly alternating
penetrates the object, generating electric currents
inside the conductor called eddy currents. The eddy currents flowing
through the resistance of the material heat it by Joule heating. In
ferromagnetic (and ferrimagnetic
materials like iron, heat may also be generated by magnetic hysteresis
losses. The frequency of current used depends on the object size, material
type, coupling (between the work coil and the object to be heated) and the
Paragon Induction Cooktop
Cook with Kenyon
: Cook Perfect Food
Big Boss Induction Cookware
We need to combine an
with an intelligent Stove. (Boil Alert Technology
SmartyPans: World's First Smart Cooking Pan
Smart Cooking System Precisely control pan temperature or
liquid temperature to make perfect dishes every time.
Cast Iron Skillets
Marquette Castings Skillets made by combining a
superior casting process with an unparalleled seasoning process.
is one of the simplest and most ancient cooking
structures. At its most basic, an earth oven is a pit in the ground used
to trap heat and bake, smoke, or steam food. Earth ovens have been used in
many places and cultures in the past, and the presence of such cooking
pits is a key sign of human settlement often sought by archaeologists.
Earth ovens remain a common tool for cooking large quantities of food
where no equipment is available. They have been used in various
civilizations around the world and are still commonly found in the Pacific
region to date.
make a Mesolithic Pit Oven
Hawaiian Underground Oven
is a traditional Peruvian dish based on the
baking, with the aid of hot stones (the earthen oven is known as a huatia),
of lamb, mutton, pork, chicken or guinea pig, marinated in spices.
Potential Energy, The Darfur Stoves Project
Invention: SMILE - Low-cost solar concentrator technology for
the developing world
is a simple but revolutionary, non-electric portable slow
cooker. It continues to cook food which has been brought to the
boil by conventional methods for up to 8 hours without the use
of additional electricity or fuel.
(or wood burner) is a heating appliance capable of
burning wood fuel and wood-derived biomass fuel, such as wood pellets.
Generally the appliance consists of a solid metal (usually cast iron or
steel) closed Fire
chamber, a fire brick base and an adjustable air
control. The stove is connected by ventilating stove pipes to a suitable
chimney or flue, which will fill with hot combustion gases once the fuel
is ignited. The chimney or flue gases must be hotter than the outside
to ensure combustion gases are drawn out of the fire
chamber and up the chimney. (secondary combustion) Many wood-burning stoves are engineered such
that they can be converted to multi-fuel stoves with the addition of a
an enclosed space in which fuel is burned to heat either the space in
which the stove is situated, or items placed on the heated stove itself.
There are many types of stoves such as the
which is used to
, and the wood-burning
stove or a coal stove which is typically used for heating a dwelling. Due
to concerns about air pollution, efforts have been made to improve the
stove design over the years. Pellet stoves, for example, are a type of
clean-burning stove, and air-tight stoves are another type that combust
the wood more completely and therefore reduce the amount of the resulted
combustion by-products. In the U.S. since 1992, all wood stoves being
manufactured are required to limit particulate emission.
Researchers tested three types of wood-burning stoves
stoves; natural-draft stoves; and forced-draft stoves, which use
battery-powered fans to improve combustion. While traditional stoves
emitted an average of 6 grams of PM per kilogram of fuel burned (g/kg),
that number jumps to an average of 14 g/kg when you include the PM that
the emissions form over time, due to chemical reactions that take place in
the atmosphere.Thermal Electric
- Passive Energy
Wood Burning Stoves can also make
sometimes also known as biocrude or biooil, is a synthetic fuel under
investigation as substitute for petroleum. It is extracted by biomass to
liquid technology of destructive distillation from dried biomass in a
reactor at temperature of about 500 °C with subsequent cooling. Pyrolytic
oil (or bio-oil) is a kind of tar and normally contains too high levels of
oxygen to be a hydrocarbon. As such it is distinctly different from
similar petroleum products.
Wood Stove can also make
for cooking or
Tula 8190 Wood stove
Efficiency: 88% LHV
to: 1,200 sq ft
Firebox Capacity: 1.4 cu ft
Size: Up to 30,000 BTUs
EPA Certified: 2.6 gph
Efficiency: 88% LHV
Burn Time: Up to 6 hours
Maximum Log Length: 17" (loaded vertically)
Kimberly Wood Stove
is a highly efficient small wood stove, needing
only 6 inches of clearance on sides, weighs just 56 pounds, cook top
surface, optional accessories will generate electricity, bake, and heat
water. Produces just 3.2 grams/hour emissions because of
and double walled stove pipe. Also takes air from
outside. 3 inch exhaust pipe.
Efficiently: Rocket Mass Heater
Rocket Mass Heater
mass of impure carbon
resulting from the incomplete combustion of hydrocarbons. It
is more properly restricted to the product of the gas-phase combustion
process but is commonly extended to include the residual pyrolysed fuel
particles such as coal, cenospheres, charred wood, and petroleum coke that
may become airborne during pyrolysis and that are more properly identified
as cokes or chars. Soot causes cancer
and lung disease, and is theorized to be the second-biggest human cause of
Comparing Particle Emissions from Traffic, Cigarettes and Heating
Wood Stove Decathlon
Stove Operation Tips
Open both front
dampers completely before starting a fire. ...
Place wood in the
firebox and light the fire. ...
Allow the fire to burn for between 10
to 30 minutes before adjusting the dampers. ...
Close the front damper
slowly and observe the smoke escaping from the chimney.
Egloo Candle Powered Heater
Compost Heating System
regenerative soil-building compost
heat recovery systems.
Human Poop is Fuel to Burn
Waste to Energy
Standard freezers and refrigerators can use 3000 watt hours each
is a process of moving
one location to another in controlled conditions. The idea of
dates back to at least
the ancient Roman and Chinese empires. Refrigeration has reduced stomach
cancer and other diseases.
history of artificial refrigeration began when Scottish professor William
Cullen designed a small refrigerating machine
in 1755, In 1913,
refrigerators for home and domestic use were invented by Fred W. Wolf of
Fort Wayne, Indiana with models consisting of a unit that was mounted on
top of an ice box. The first refrigerator to see widespread use was the
General Electric "Monitor-Top" refrigerator introduced in 1927.
popular household appliance that consists of a thermally insulated
compartment and a heat pump (mechanical, electronic or chemical) that
transfers heat from the inside of the fridge to its external environment
so that the inside of the fridge is cooled to a
below the ambient
temperature of the room. Refrigeration is an essential food storage
technique in developed countries. The lower temperature lowers the
reproduction rate of bacteria, so the refrigerator reduces the rate of
spoilage. A refrigerator maintains a temperature a few degrees above the
freezing point of water. Optimum temperature range for perishable food
storage is 3 to 5 °C (37 to 41 °F). A similar device that maintains a
temperature below the freezing point of water is called a freezer. The
refrigerator replaced the icebox, which had been a common household
appliance for almost a century and a half. For this reason, a refrigerator
is sometimes referred to as an icebox in American usage.
made of Clay
is a cooling technology based on the magnetocaloric effect. This technique
can be used to attain extremely low temperatures, as well as the ranges
used in common refrigerators. Compared to traditional gas-compression
refrigeration, magnetic refrigeration is safer, quieter, more compact, has
a higher cooling efficiency, and is more environmentally friendly because
it does not use harmful, ozone-depleting coolant gases.
of Magnetocaloric Cooling
WindChill - A low cost Food Preservation Unit designed to keep
food cold without electricity
Nipi - the portable solar generator & smart cooler
Wisemotion Linear Compressor
High Efficiency Super Insulated Extra thick walled SunDanzer 12
or 24 Volt DCFood
Preservation Methods for Keeping Foods Fresher Longer
Cooling System that works without Electricity
. Radiative sky cooling
to passively cool a fluid in a panel
is the process by which a body loses heat by thermal
is electromagnetic radiation generated by the
of charged particles in matter. All matter with a
greater than absolute zero emits thermal radiation. When the
temperature of a body is greater than absolute zero, inter-atomic
collisions cause the kinetic energy
of the atoms or molecules to change.
This results in charge-acceleration and/or dipole oscillation which
produces electromagnetic radiation, and the wide spectrum of radiation
reflects the wide spectrum of energies and accelerations that occur even
at a single temperature.
refers to any air conditioning (cooling) system that
uses solar power. This can be done through passive solar, solar thermal
energy conversion and photovoltaic conversion (sunlight to electricity).
s a form of energy and a technology for harnessing
to generate thermal energy
electrical energy for use in industry, and in the residential and
commercial sectors. There were about 750 cooling systems with solar-driven
heat pumps, and annual market growth was 40 to 70% over the prior seven
Solar Cooling System keeps water at 9 Degrees Celsius for up to 3 Months
Chest Freezers are
more Energy Efficient
is a structure built underground or partially underground and
used to store vegetables, fruits, and nuts or other foods. Root cellars
are for keeping food supplies at a low temperature and steady humidity.
They keep food from freezing during the winter and keep food cool during
the summer months to prevent spoilage. Food
The Ice House
was introduced to Britain around 1660, though it was
used by a some people in other areas in the world
for over a thousand
) During the winter, ice and snow would be taken into the ice
house and packed with insulation, often straw or sawdust. It would remain
frozen for many months, often until the following winter, and could be
used as a source of ice during summer months. The main application of the
ice was the storage of perishable foods, but it could also be used simply
to cool drinks, or allow ice-cream and sorbet desserts to be prepared.
is a storehouse or room in a barn
for threshed grain or animal feed. Ancient or primitive granaries are most
often made out of pottery. Granaries are often built above the ground to
keep the stored food away from mice and other animals.
Solar Powered Grain Mill
Raising Farm Animals
TradeHow to Butcher a Farm Animal to Eat
Expertly Butchers A Cow
Victorinox Swiss Army Field Dressing Kit
Outdoor Edge Game Processor PR-1 12-Piece Portable Butcher Kit with Hard Side Carry Case
Weston Butcher Saw with 22 Inch Stainless Steel Blade
Heavy Duty Vinyl Waterproof Apron- Black
The Real Mongolian Barbecue
Each person will learn
everything there is to know about growing and harvesting Food
including the importance of knowing
Human Food Energy Requirements
that is similar
like the one above for water
Food......Grow Food.....Nutrition Needs......and so on
concerns the nature of a socially just
allocation of goods in a society. A society in which incidental
inequalities in outcome do not arise would be considered a society guided
by the principles of distributive justice. The concept includes the
available quantities of goods, the process by which goods are to be
distributed, and the resulting allocation of the goods to the members of
"When you teach someone how to grow food, you can also teach them at the same
time about science, math, chemistry, geology, nutrition, energy,
food preparation, weather, soil, water, air, insects and
animals... Earth is the classroom."
Simultaneous Subject Teaching
If you can connect
learning with food, then
learning will never cease
"Put a roof over your head"
First determine the best places to build cities
, communities and
homes on the land that is available, based on research from
experts who have assed the
for its needs as well as the needs of the people who
plan to developed that particular land space? What would be the
max size of these cities and communities to live
provide equal services for each person?
How much time, people and resources would it require to provide
shelter that is sustainable, safe, healthy, energy efficient
low in maintenance? How much time, people and resources would it
require to upgrade existing houses and buildings to be healthy,
energy efficient and low in maintenance? Living within the
that nature allows.
Factor e Farm
Tools and Machines
Living Condition or Habitability
- Sustainable Homes
William Mcdonough on Cradle to Cradle
Architecture that's Built to Heal: Michael Murphy
How to Plan a CityBuild Your Own
Home LocationHome Building Requirements
Every home should be durable, long-lasting and easy to maintain.
Every home should use sustainable methods and materials
Every home should have healthy indoor air that is clean from
Every home should produce its own energy.
Every home should use electricity effectively and efficiently.
Every home should use water effectively and efficiently.
Shelter needs to be a quiet
sanctuary so that you may rest and sleep. Shelter must also be a
place for personal entertainment.
Shelter must also be a place to raise a family. Shelter must
also be a place to be
, productive meaning being able to read, write,
communicate, learn and provide a needed service for your
community. Being productive can also be about having
a place to exercise, a place for researching, a place to work on
projects, a place to practice and a place for training.
Each person should
learn everything there is to know about Shelter
. How to
choose the right land and area
to build a shelter. How to choose
the right land and area to
build a city
. What materials are
available to build that are safe and sustainable. What is the
best structure for this area that is totally energy efficient?
How to Build a Home
. How to utilize existing shelters.
The size of the house is estimated by
its intended purposes and needs. Building no more space then you
need and be energy efficient. A house must provide you with a
healthy environment so that you can be productive and as well as
A house must also be in balance with the
surrounding environment. Be self-sustainable and not be
dependent on other environments in order to maintain itself and
preserve its existence. If the surrounding environment is not
sustainable for a home then you will need
, or relocation options.
Living Condition or Habitability
: Must provide shelter,
with working locks. Must be heated in the winter months. Must not be
infested with vermin, roaches, termites, or mold. Requires the landlord to
stop other tenants from making too much noise (as measured by the decibel
scale), second-hand smoke, or from selling narcotics. Must provide potable
Turning Deserts into Forests
that is similar like the one above for
water...Find Shelter......Build Shelter.....Shelter Maintenance......and so on
"When you teach someone how to build a
house you can also teach them at the same time about
engineering, science, math, problem solving, sanitation, clean
water, energy uses, energy sources, environment, community and
society...Life is the Classroom."
is a type of fortified structure built in Europe and
the Middle East during the Middle Ages by European nobility.
Skyscrapers made of Mud
- Homes from Dirt
The world's tallest 70 per cent wood building
at 18 storeys (53 metres,
about 174 feet) steel and concrete hybrid. Completed less than 70 days
after the prefabricated components were first delivered to the site. $51.5
million for 400 people.
What energy sources are available that would provide safe and
sustainable energy for every person in the city or community?
How much time, people and resources would it require to provide
you with all your energy needs without waste or abuse?
The U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)
Energy Saving Homes
The World Energy
a non-profit organization dedicated to deliver renewable
energy to those who need it most.
The average household in America consumes 10,656
(kWh) per year.
All other households in the world combined consumes less energy
per year then American homes?
person should learn everything there is to know about Energy.
energy works and how it is used to increase production. How
energy is used to improve living conditions. What are the energy
producing alternatives that are the most sustainable, produce
minimal waste and have energy input output ratio.
Seasonal Energy Efficiency Ratio
SEER rating of a unit is
the cooling output during a typical cooling-season divided by the total
electric energy input during the same period.
is a dimensionless performance measure of
a device that uses thermal energy
such as an internal combustion engine, a steam turbine or a steam engine,
a boiler, a furnace, or a refrigerator for example. For a power cycle,
thermal efficiency indicates the extent to which the energy added by heat
is converted to net work output. In the case of a
or heat pump cycle, thermal efficiency indicates the
extent to which the energy added by work is converted to net heat output.
Coefficient of Performance
of a heat pump, refrigerator or air
conditioning system is a ratio of useful heating or cooling provided to
work required. Higher COPs equate to lower operating costs.
Net Energy Gain
refers to the difference between the energy
expended to harvest an energy source and the amount of energy gained from
are Bio-Fuels to Costly
Power Cube VI
Stirling Engine Generator
Whispergen Micro chp
Egloo Candle Powered Heater
DIY No Wax
are electrical/mechanical machines
which accomplish some household functions, such as
(stoves for cooking food)
is a large machine in home appliance used for routine
housekeeping tasks such as cooking,
, or food
preservation. An appliance is different from a
fixture because it uses
are portable or semi-portable machines, generally
used on table-tops, counter-tops, or other platforms, to accomplish a
household task. Examples include microwave ovens, toasters, humidifiers,
and coffee makers. They contrast with major appliances (British "white
goods"), such as the refrigerator
cannot be easily moved and are generally placed on the floor. Small
appliances also contrast with consumer electronics (British "brown goods")
which are for leisure and entertainment rather than purely practical
digital equipment intended for everyday use, typically in private homes.
Consumer electronics include devices used for entertainment (flatscreen
, DVD players, DVD movies, iPods, video games, remote control cars,
etc.), communications (telephones
cell phones, e-mail-capable laptops, etc.), and home-office activities
(e.g., desktop computers
, printers, paper
Homes that use 41 gallons or less of hot water daily,
Tankless Water Heaters
can be 24% to
34% more energy-efficient than storage tank heaters.
Heat Pump Water Heaters
use electricity to
move heat from one place to another instead of generating heat directly.
Therefore, they can be two to three times more energy efficient than
conventional electric resistance water heaters. To move the heat, heat
pumps work like a refrigerator in reverse. While a
pulls heat from inside a box and
dumps it into the surrounding room, a stand-alone air-source heat pump
water heater pulls heat from the surrounding air and dumps it -- at a
higher temperature -- into a tank to heat water. You can purchase a
stand-alone heat pump water heating system as an integrated unit with a
built-in water storage tank and back-up resistance heating elements. You
can also retrofit a heat pump to work with an existing conventional
storage water heater. Heat pump water heaters require installation in
locations that remain in the 40º–90ºF (4.4º–32.2ºC) range year-round and
provide at least 1,000 cubic feet (28.3 cubic meters) of air space around
the water heater. Cool exhaust air can be exhausted to the room or
outdoors. Install them in a space with excess heat, such as a furnace
room. Heat pump water heaters will not operate efficiently in a cold
space. They tend to cool the spaces they are in. You can also install an
air-source heat pump system that combines heating, cooling, and water
heating. These combination systems pull their heat indoors from the
outdoor air in the winter and from the indoor air in the summer. Because
they remove heat from the air, any type of air-source heat pump system
works more efficiently in a warm climate. Homeowners primarily install
geothermal heat pumps -- which draw heat from the ground during the winter
and from the indoor air during the summer -- for heating and cooling their
homes. For water heating, you can add a
to a geothermal heat pump system. A desuperheater is a
small, auxiliary heat exchanger that uses superheated gases from the heat
pump's compressor to heat water. This hot water then circulates through a
pipe to the home's storage water heater tank. Desuperheaters are also
available for tankless or demand-type water heaters. In the summer, the
desuperheater uses the excess heat that would otherwise be expelled to the
ground. Therefore, when the geothermal heat pump runs frequently during
the summer, it can heat all of your water. During the fall, winter, and
spring -- when the desuperheater isn't producing as much excess heat --
you'll need to rely more on your storage or demand water heater to heat
the water. Some manufacturers also offer triple-function geothermal heat
pump systems, which provide heating, cooling, and hot water. They use a
separate heat exchanger to meet all of a household's hot water needs.
Cooling Air Conditioners
is a building design approach that focuses
on heat gain control and
dissipation in a building in order
to improve the indoor thermal comfort with low or nil energy
consumption. This approach works either by preventing heat from
entering the interior (heat gain prevention) or by removing heat
from the building (natural cooling). Natural cooling utilizes
on-site energy, available from the natural environment, combined
with the architectural design of building components (e.g.
building envelope), rather than mechanical systems to dissipate
heat. Therefore, natural cooling depends not only on the
architectural design of the building but on how the site's
natural resources are used as heat sinks (i.e. everything that
absorbs or dissipates heat). Examples of on-site heat sinks are
the upper atmosphere (night sky), the outdoor air (wind), and
the earth/soil.Thermal envelope
is one of the key elements of a passive or a low energy house. Most
important parts of thermal envelope include outer walls, roof, foundation,
windows and doors. The purpose of the thermal envelope is to prevent
form interior of a house to its exterior in winter and vice versa
Passive House Requirements
Passive House.caSolar Cooling
Conditioner DIY - The "5 Gallon Bucket" Air Cooler! DIY- can be solar
How to cool your
apartment for free using old plastic bottles
, lowers temperature at
least 5 degrees. The faster air moves, the lower pressure it has,
evaporative cooling from the faster stream.
is a device that cools air through the
evaporation of water
Evaporative cooling differs from typical air
which use vapor-compression or absorption refrigeration cycles.
Evaporative cooling works by employing water's large enthalpy of
vaporization. The temperature of dry air can be dropped significantly
through the phase transition of liquid water to water vapor (evaporation),
which can cool air using much less energy than refrigeration. In extremely
dry climates, evaporative cooling of air has the added benefit of
conditioning the air with more moisture for the comfort of building
Homemade "Evaporative Cooling" System
- eco friendly ice cooling personal eco- friendly
ice cooling with refrigerant mixtures, which consumes less than
1 cent per day! Rechargeable Battery gives 5 Hours.
Portable AC Unit Cools 50 square feet room down to 44
Stanford engineers develop a plastic clothing material that cools the skin
Bed Covers that help you stay cool
WindAmp Valley Wind Technology provides a safe and natural breeze that's
Newly engineered material can cool roofs, structures with zero energy
has the ability to cool objects even under direct sunlight
with zero energy and water consumption. When applied to a surface, the
metamaterial film cools the object underneath by efficiently reflecting
incoming solar energy
into space while simultaneously allowing the surface to shed its own heat
in the form of infrared thermal radiation. glass-polymer hybrid material
measures just 50 micrometers thick — slightly thicker than the aluminum
foil found in a kitchen — and can be manufactured economically on rolls,
making it a potentially viable large-scale technology for both residential
and commercial applications. passive radiative cooling, the process by
which objects naturally shed heat in the form of infrared radiation,
without consuming energy.
is the process by which a body loses heat by thermal
generated by the thermal motion of charged particles in
matter. All matter with a temperature greater than absolute zero emits
thermal radiation. When the temperature of a body is greater than absolute
zero, inter-atomic collisions cause the
of the atoms
molecules to change. This results in charge-acceleration and/or dipole
oscillation which produces electromagnetic radiation, and the wide
spectrum of radiation reflects the wide spectrum of energies and
accelerations that occur even at a single
. Examples of
thermal radiation include the
visible light and infrared
emitted by an incandescent light bulb, the infrared radiation
emitted by animals is detectable with an infrared camera, and the cosmic
microwave background radiation. Thermal radiation is different from
thermal convection and thermal conduction—a person near a raging bonfire
feels radiant heating
from the fire, even if the surrounding air is very cold. Sunlight is part
of thermal radiation generated by the hot plasma of the Sun. The Earth
also emits thermal radiation, but at a much lower intensity and different
spectral distribution (infrared rather than visible) because it is cooler.
The Earth's absorption of solar radiation, followed by its outgoing
thermal radiation are the two most important processes that determine the
temperature and climate of the Earth. If a radiation-emitting object meets
the physical characteristics of a black body in
radiation is called blackbody radiation. Planck's law describes the
spectrum of blackbody radiation, which depends only on the object's
temperature. Wien's displacement law determines the most likely frequency
of the emitted radiation, and the Stefan–Boltzmann law gives the radiant
intensity. Thermal radiation is one of the fundamental mechanisms of
that is similar like
the one above for water
Energy Providers.....Energy Needs....Make Energy...and so on
In order to have a Healthcare System
, you need an Education System that provides
educated citizens who can fill these necessary jobs that society
Does everyone have access to the best and most important
information and knowledge that is up to date at our current
level of understanding?
Does everyone have access to a
How much time, people and resources would it take to educate
yourself and others with the recommended Curriculum,
and Information that every human needs?
Education will also
Health Care Knowledge
Community Management Knowledge
Creating Excellent Teachers
Identifying and Creating Jobs that are Needed Now and in the
Creating and Updating Knowledge Bases
and so on...
"In order for education and knowledge to be available to everyone, one of the
would have to include communications, a
public phone system owned and operated by the public and not by
a corrupt corporation like AT&T."
Healthcare comes from Education.
You can't have Doctors without education. You can't build
hospitals without education. And people can't live healthy lives
without education. This is why improving education is so
Each person should learn everything there is to know about Education
knowledge and information is acquired
How knowledge and
information is shared. How knowledge and information is used to
solve problems. How knowledge and information is used to acquire
more knowledge and information. What knowledge and information
is most important?
Basic Knowledge 101
Education Improvement Ideas
Education, Knowledge and Information will have a similar Menu
like the one above for water.
Find Knowledge and Information......Make Knowledge.....
"Every child is a student of the world. So every child should have
access to the best tools for learning that are available, and
also have all the important knowledge and information that the
world has generated up to this date."
"When you teach someone about learning and teaching, they become life long
learners and they become people who are willing to help and
teach others in need."