Tools for a Healthy Environment - Energy Saving Tools

The Age of Restoration has begun - Reconstruction 2.0

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Energy Independence and the Greening of America. A Step by Step Process that is done Simultaneously. Continually Learning and Improving.

Green Leaf on Water Green Building
Environmental Education
Green Products
Environmental Awareness Books
Eco-Initiatives (actions you can take)
Quotes and Sayings about the Environment
Green Ideas - Sustainability
EMF - EMP - Cellphones - Noise
Light Communication (Li-Fi)
Energy Efficient Appliances


Before you buy energy saving devices or clean energy producing products you should first have your home inspected by a Building Analyst who could perform an Energy Audit to determine Building Performance so that you are aware of the improvements that you can make to your house in order for it to be energy efficient as possible. Big 5 Needs

Building Analyst performs a comprehensive energy audit and whole-home assessments to identify problems at the root cause and prescribes and prioritizes solutions based on Building Science. which is the collection of scientific knowledge and experience that focuses on the analysis and control of the physical phenomena affecting buildings and architecture. It traditionally includes areas such as building materials, building envelope, heating, ventilation and air conditioning systems, natural and electrical lighting, acoustic, indoor air quality, passive strategies, fire protection, and renewable energies in buildings. In Europe, building physics and applied physics are terms used for the knowledge domain that overlaps with building science. The practical purpose of building science is to provide predictive capability to optimize the building performance of new and existing buildings, understand or prevent building failures, and guide the design of new techniques and technologies.

Building Codes - Energy Knowledge - Location - Architectural Lighting Design

Energy Audit is an inspection, survey and analysis of energy flows, for energy conservation in a building, process or system to reduce the amount of energy input into the system without negatively affecting the output(s). In commercial and industrial real estate, an energy audit is the first step in identifying opportunities to reduce energy expense and carbon footprints.

Building Performance is the efficiency of functioning of buildings and the construction industry, its impact on natural environment, urban environment and its users. It is achieved through means such as architectural design values, building science, architectural engineering, efficient energy use and sustainability.

Vapor Barrier is any material used for damp proofing, typically a plastic or foil sheet, that resists diffusion of moisture through wall, ceiling and floor assemblies of buildings to prevent interstitial condensation and of packaging. Technically, many of these materials are only vapor retarders as they have varying degrees of permeability. Moisture or water vapor moves into building cavities in three ways: 1) With air currents, 2) By diffusion through materials, 3) By heat transfer. Of these three, air movement accounts for more than 98% of all water vapor movement in building cavities.  A vapor retarder and an air barrier serve to reduce this problem, but are not necessarily interchangeable. Vapor retarders slow the rate of vapor diffusion into the thermal envelope of a structure. Other wetting mechanisms, such as wind-borne rain, capillary wicking of ground moisture, air transport (infiltration), are equally important. Moisture Vapor Transmission Rate is a measure of the passage of water vapor through a substance. Vapor should open and close when needed.

Climate Zone Building Guide (Inside vapor barrier or Outside vapor barrier?) (Water - Air - Vapor - Thermal)

Air Barrier control air leakage into and out of the building envelope. Air barrier products may take several forms: Mechanically-attached membranes, also known as housewraps, usually a polyethylene-fiber or spun-bonded polyolefin, such as Tyvek is a generally accepted moisture barrier and an air barrier (ASTM E2178). Self-adhered membranes, which are typically also a water-resistant barrier and a vapor barrier. Fluid-applied membranes, such as heavy-bodied paints or coatings including polymeric based and asphaltic based materials. Closed-cell medium density spray-applied polyurethane foam, which typically provides insulation as well. Some open-cell spray-applied polyurethane foam that are of high density. Boardstock, which includes 12 mm plywood or OSB, 25 mm extruded polystyrene, etc. Air barriers are divided into air barrier materials, air barrier accessories, air barrier components, air barrier assemblies and air barrier systems. Air barrier materials – Building materials that are designed and constructed to provide the principal plane of airtightness through an environmental separator, which has an air permeance rate no greater than 0.02 L/(s•m²) at a pressure difference of 75 Pa when tested in accordance with ASTM E 2178. Air barrier materials meet the requirements of the CAN/ULC S741 Air Barrier Material Specification. The air barrier materials are typically the "big" pieces of material used in an air barrier assembly. Air barrier accessories – Products designated to maintain air tightness between air barrier materials, assemblies and components, to fasten them to the structure of the building, or both (e.g., sealants, tapes, backer rods, transition membranes, nails/washers, ties, clips, staples, strapping, primers) and which has an air permeance rate no greater than 0.02 L/(s•m²) at a pressure difference of 75 Pa when tested in accordance with ASTM E 2178. Air barrier components are used to connect and seal air barrier materials and/or air barrier assemblies together. Air barrier components – Pre-manufactured elements such as windows, doors and service elements that are installed in the environmental separator and sealed by air barrier accessories and which have an air leakage rate no greater than 0.20 L/(s•m²) at a pressure difference of 75 Pa when tested in accordance with ASTM E 2357. Air barrier assemblies – Combinations of air barrier materials and air barrier accessories that are designated and designed within the environmental separator to act as a continuous barrier to the movement of air through the environmental separator and which has an air leakage rate no greater than 0.20 L/(s•m²) at a pressure difference of 75 Pa when tested in accordance with ASTM E 2357. Air barrier systems – Combinations of air barrier assemblies and air barrier components, connected by air barrier accessories, that are designed to provide a continuous barrier to the movement of air through an environmental separator, which has an air leakage rate no greater than 2.00 L/(s•m²) at a pressure difference of 75 Pa when tested in accordance with ASTM E 779 or CAN/CGSB 149.10 or CAN/CGSB 149.15. Air barriers and water vapor. Some air barriers may be water vapor permeable, while others perform the function of a vapour barrier. This is because water fits through narrower pores than the other main constituents of air, oxygen(O2) and nitrogen. Air and moisture can be forced into wall and ceiling cavities where water vapor condenses and fosters the growth of mold. Warm air exiting the top of the house can draw in cold air to replace it, wasting heat and energy.

Fresh Air System (reduce indoor air pollutants)

Building Airtightness can be defined as the resistance to inward or outward air leakage through unintentional leakage points or areas in the building envelope. This air leakage is driven by differential pressures across the building envelope due to the combined effects of stack, external wind and mechanical ventilation systems. Airtightness is the fundamental building property that impacts infiltration and exfiltration (the uncontrolled inward and outward leakage of outdoor air through cracks, interstices or other unintentional openings of a building, caused by pressure effects of the wind and/or stack effect). An airtight building has several positive impacts when combined with an appropriate ventilation system (whether natural, mechanical, or hybrid): Lower heating bills due to less heat loss, with potentially smaller requirements for heating and cooling equipment capacities. Better performing ventilation system. Reduced chance of mold and rot because moisture is less likely to enter and become trapped in cavities. Fewer drafts and thus increased thermal comfort. Leakage typically occurs at the following locations on the building envelope: Junctions between walls and other walls or floors. Junctions between window frames and walls. Electrical equipment. Access doors and other wall penetrations. Tight houses need mechanical ventilation to ensure a supply of fresh air to keep people healthy; and existing houses should not be tightened without assessing whether the existing combustion appliances have an adequate source of combustion makeup air.

USG-Tremco Securock ExoAir Air Barrier System using gypsum sheathing panel integrated with a pre-applied fluid air-barrier membrane that controls air, water and vapor in a very efficient way.

Membrane is a pliable or flexible sheet like structure acting as a boundary, lining, or partition in an organism. A selective barrier that allows some things to pass through but stops others. Such things may be molecules, ions, or other small particles.
Sheathing is a protective casing or covering. Joint Sealant

Expansion Joint is an assembly designed to safely absorb the temperature-induced expansion and contraction of construction materials, to absorb vibration, to hold parts together, or to allow movement due to ground settlement or earthquakes. They are commonly found between sections of buildings, bridges, sidewalks, railway tracks, piping systems, ships, and other structures. Building faces, concrete slabs, and pipelines expand and contract due to warming and cooling from seasonal variation, or due to
other heat sources. Before expansion joint gaps were built into these structures, they would crack under the stress induced.

Radiant Barrier are a type of thermal (heat) insulations that prevents heat transfer by thermal radiation. Thermal energy may also be transferred via conduction or convection, however, and radiant barriers do not necessarily protect against heat transfer via conduction (without airspace facing the heat source) or convection (perforated). There are many definitions of thermal/heat insulation and it is commonly misinterpreted as “Bulk/Mass/Batt Insulation”, which is actually used to resist conduction heat transfer with certain R-values. Heat/thermal insulation is a barrier material which resists/blocks/reflects heat energy (either one or more of conduction, convection or radiation) to prevent its transfer through the boundary between two systems which are at different temperatures. Heat transfer always occurs from a region of higher temperature to one of lower temperature. Radiant barrier (or reflective) insulation is heat/thermal insulation which reflects radiation heat (radiant heat), preventing transfer from one side to another due to a reflective (or low emittance) surface. As such materials reflect radiant heat with negligible “R-values” they should also be classified as thermal/heat insulation.

Thermal Bridge s an area or component of an object which has higher thermal conductivity than the surrounding materials, creating a path of least resistance for heat transfer. Thermal bridges result in an overall reduction in thermal resistance of the object. The term is frequently discussed in the context of a building's thermal envelope where thermal bridges result in heat transfer into or out of conditioned space. Thermal bridges in buildings may impact the amount of energy required to heat and cool a space, cause condensation (moisture) within the building envelope, and result in thermal discomfort. There are strategies to reduce or prevent thermal bridging, such as limiting the amount of building members that span from unconditioned to conditioned space and applying continuous insulation materials to create thermal breaks.

Heat Recovery Ventilation also known as mechanical ventilation heat recovery (MVHR), is an energy recovery ventilation system using equipment known as a heat recovery ventilator, heat exchanger, air exchanger, or air-to-air heat exchanger which employs a cross flow or counter-flow heat exchanger (countercurrent heat exchange) between the inbound and outbound air flow. Energy Recovery Ventilators (ERVs) are closely related; however, ERVs also transfer the humidity level of the exhaust air to the intake air. Passive Heating and Cooling.

Heat Pump is a device that transfers heat energy from a source of heat to a destination called a "heat sink". Heat pumps are designed to move thermal energy in the opposite direction of spontaneous heat transfer by absorbing heat from a cold space and releasing it to a warmer one. A heat pump uses a small amount of external power to accomplish the work of transferring energy from the heat source to the heat sink. While air conditioners and freezers are familiar examples of heat pumps, the term "heat pump" is more general and applies to many HVAC (heating, ventilating, and air conditioning) devices used for space heating or space cooling. When a heat pump is used for heating, it employs the same basic refrigeration-type cycle used by an air conditioner or a refrigerator, but in the opposite direction - releasing heat into the conditioned space rather than the surrounding environment. In this use, heat pumps generally draw heat from the cooler external air or from the ground. In heating mode, heat pumps are three to four times more effective at heating than simple electrical resistance heaters using the same amount of electricity. The typical installation cost of a heat pump is about 20 times greater than that of resistance heaters.

Energy Quest USA (youtube)

Earth The Operators Manual

Windows (double pane or triple pane?)

Winterization is the process of preparing something for winter.

Weatherization - WAP

R-Value (insulation) is a measure of thermal resistance, or ability of heat to transfer from hot to cold, through materials (such as insulation) and assemblies of materials (such as walls and floors). The higher the R-value, the more a material prevents heat transfer. R-value depends on materials' resistance to heat conduction, as well as the thickness and (for loose or porous material) any heat losses due to convection and radiative heat transfer. However, it does not account for the radiative or convective properties of the material's surface, which may be an important factor for some applications. R varies with temperature, but in construction it is common to treat it as being constant for a given material (or assembly). It is closely related to the thermal transmittance (U-value) of a material or assembly, but is easier to manipulate in some calculations, since it can be simply added for materials and assemblies that are arranged in layers, or scaled proportionately if the thickness of a material changes. R-values expressed in United States customary units are about 5.68 times larger than those expressed in metric (SI) units.

How much Energy do Appliances use? - Energy Efficient Appliances - Energy

Keep House Cool Tips - Cool Yourself

Water Saving Tools

Organic Window Caulking - PCB's in Caulk - Organic Building

Organic insulation materials may not have as high an R-value per inch as Polystyrene and Fiberglass, but when they are used in sufficient quantity, they can provide sufficient insulation. You need to consider the other advantages of organic materials, in that they breathe, they absorb and give off moisture, they are non-toxic, fire proof, insect proof, they take very little energy to process, they can be easily recycled, and they store carbon.

Organic Spray Foam Insulation
5 Green Insulation Options
Sustainable Sources
This Old House
Green Alternative Insulation Materials
M-D Building Products 71548 Replaceable Cord Weatherstrip, 90 Feet, Gray (amazon)
W. J. Dennis MJ Replacement Steel Door Bottom Weatherstrip (amazon)
Red Devil 0876 Window & Door Siliconized Acrylic Clear Caulk 10.1 Oz. Cartridge (amazon)
Duck Brand 281504 Indoor 5-Window Shrink Film Kit, 62-by-210-Inch (amazon)

Energy Monitoring

Install an Energy Monitor so that you are fully aware how of much energy you use and what Appliances and Devices are using the most energy. You should also have a monitor that measures Temperature, Humidity, Pressure and Carbon Monoxide.

Energy MonitoringEnergy Use Monitor (amazon)
Whole House Energy Monitors

Smart Homes

Home Energy Monitor 
Power Meters
The Parce
ALYT, Self-learning, DIY installation, smart home & security manager

The Energy Detective
Energy Efficiency Programs
Home Energy Audit
Home Energy Assessment

Learn how to Measure your Energy use and Energy Costs

Energy Management System is a system of computer-aided tools used by operators of electric utility grids to monitor, control, and optimize the performance of the generation and/or transmission system. Appliances

Energy Monitoring and Targeting is an energy efficiency technique based on the standard management axiom stating that “you cannot manage what you cannot measure”. M&T techniques provide energy managers with feedback on operating practices, results of energy management projects, and guidance on the level of energy use that is expected in a certain period. Importantly, they also give early warning of unexpected excess consumption caused by equipment malfunctions, operator error, unwanted user behaviours, lack of effective maintenance and the like. The foundation of M&T lies in determining the normal relationships of energy consumptions to relevant driving factors (HVAC equipment, production though puts, weather, occupancy available daylight, etc.) and the goal is to help business managers: Identify and explain excessive energy use. Detect instances when consumption is unexpectedly higher or lower than would usually have been the case. Visualize energy consumption trends (daily, weekly, seasonal, operational…). Determine future energy use and costs when planning changes in the business. Diagnose specific areas of wasted energy. Observe how changes to relevant driving factors impact energy efficiency. Develop performance targets for energy management programs. Manage energy consumption, rather than accept it as a fixed cost. The ultimate goal is to reduce energy costs through improved energy efficiency and energy management control. Other benefits generally include increased resource efficiency, improved production budgeting and reduction of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions.

Some Electronic Energy Meters can give False Readings that are up to 582% Higher than Actual Energy Consumption

Units of Energy is defined via work, the SI unit for energy is the same as the unit of work – the joule (J).

Electricity Meter is a device that measures the amount of electric energy consumed by a residence, a business, or an electrically powered device.

Power Usage Effectiveness is a measure of how efficiently a computer data center uses energy; specifically, how much energy is used by the computing equipment (in contrast to cooling and other overhead).

Power Analysis is a form of side channel attack in which the attacker studies the power consumption of a cryptographic hardware device (such as a smart card, tamper-resistant "black box", or integrated circuit). The attack can non-invasively extract cryptographic keys and other secret information from the device.

Energy Use of Appliances and Estimating Energy Consumption
Home Energy Saver
Energy Savers
Home Improvement Audits

Energy House
Energy Hub
Nest Learning Thermostat
Control 4
Think Eco Smart Outlet
Energy Alternatives
Green Living Ideas
Home Monitors for Elderly

Sense installs in your home's electrical panel and provides insight into your energy use and home activity through our free iOS/Android apps.

The Contros: Control your Appliances from Anywhere
Ecoisme: Intelligent Energy Monitoring System

Intelligent Energy Systems - Stanford University (PDF)
Location, Location, Location

CURB is a home energy monitoring system that helps you take control of your home and all the energy it uses.

P3 P4400 Kill A Watt Electricity Usage Monitor (amazon)
Neur Home Energy Monitor

Smart Strip LCG5 Energy Saving Power Strip with Auto-Switching Technology and Modem/Coaxial Surge Protection (amazon)

Blue Line Innovations BLI 28000 PowerCost Monitor (amazon) 

Noria: window air conditioner designed entirely with you in mind

Apps for Monitoring and Measuring Energy
Kill ur Watts
Smart Things Control Apps
The Internet of Things - Sensors

Ohm Connect Pays you for saving energy at specific times. Save Energy. Get Paid.

Watt Rebate search by zip code to find loans or tax rebates for becoming more energy efficient by state.

In 2010, the average annual electricity consumption for a U.S. residential utility customer was 11,496 kWh a year, an average of 958 Kilowatt Hours (kWh) per month. Tennessee had the highest annual consumption - 16,716 kWh.
Maine the lowest at 6,252 kWh. - Watt - Solar Power

Human Energy

Weather Monitors

WeatherFlow Smart Weather Stations: AIR detects lightning and warns you of approaching storms. AIR also measures temperature, humidity, and atmospheric pressure, wind speed and direction, measure sunlight (including UV Index), Rain (haptic rain sensor), WiFi and Bluetooth, Low Energy connectivity, Long Battery Life. Sensors

Lightning-Prediction System detects atmospheric conditions likely to produce lightning strikes and sounds an alarm, warning those nearby that lightning is imminent and giving them the chance to find safety before the storm arrives in the area. Lightning protection systems are often installed in outdoor areas which are often congested with people, lack sufficient shelter, and are difficult to evacuate quickly (such as water parks, college campuses, and large swimming pool or athletic field complexes). These locations are particularly dangerous during lightning storms. Prediction systems are prone to false alarms as they respond to conditions that are not always attributed to a developing thunderstorm. Electric field data is typically used in conjunction with detection information to limit false positives.

Acurite Weather Station

WeatherAtPoint - World's Smallest Weather Station Real-time, accurate weather measurements straight to your mobile device at the blink of an eye. Temperature, humidity, UV, atmospheric pressure and ambient light to your mobile device without a battery or internet connection, to help you go through your day without any weather surprises.

Indoor Weather Monitor (amazon)

OVAL smart sensor system for your home or office. Each sensor monitors motion, light, temp, moisture, proximity & flood - sending you instant alerts!

Weather (world) - Atmosphere

Weather Effects on Mood

Air Quality

Air Quality IndexIndoor Air Quality refers to the air quality within and around buildings and structures, especially as it relates to the health and comfort of building occupants. IAQ can be affected by gases (including carbon monoxide, radon, volatile organic compounds), particulates, microbial contaminants (mold, bacteria), or any mass or energy stressor that can induce adverse health conditions. Source control, filtration and the use of ventilation to dilute contaminants are the primary methods for improving indoor air quality in most buildings. Residential units can further improve indoor air quality by routine cleaning of carpets and area rugs. Determination of IAQ involves the collection of air samples, monitoring human exposure to pollutants, collection of samples on building surfaces, and computer modelling of air flow inside buildings. IAQ is part of indoor environmental quality (IEQ), which includes IAQ as well as other physical and psychological aspects of life indoors (e.g., lighting, visual quality, acoustics, and thermal comfort). Indoor air pollution in developing nations is a major health hazard. A major source of indoor air pollution in developing countries is the burning of biomass (e.g. wood, charcoal, dung, or crop residue) for heating and cooking. The resulting exposure to high levels of particulate matter resulted in between 1.5 million and 2 million deaths in 2000.

Indoor Environmental Assessment
Indoor Air Quality Services
Industrial Hygiene - Services

Ventilation (architecture) is the intentional introduction of ambient air into a space and is mainly used to control indoor air quality by diluting and displacing indoor pollutants; it can also be used for purposes of thermal comfort or dehumidification. The correct introduction of ambient air will help to achieve desired indoor comfort levels although the measure of an ideal comfort level varies from individual to individual. Building Airtightness - Air Barrier.

Natural Ventilation is the process of supplying air to and removing air from an indoor space without using mechanical systems. It refers to the flow of external air to an indoor space as a result of pressure differences arising from natural forces. There are two types of natural ventilation occurring in buildings: wind driven ventilation and buoyancy-driven ventilation. Wind driven ventilation arises from the different pressures created by wind around a building or structure, and openings being formed on the perimeter which then permit flow through the building. Buoyancy-driven ventilation occurs as a result of the directional buoyancy force that results from temperature differences between the interior and exterior. Since the internal heat gains which create temperature differences between the interior and exterior are created by natural processes, including the heat from people, and wind effects are variable, naturally ventilated buildings are sometimes called "breathing buildings". Green Building.

Dedicated Outdoor Air System is a type of heating, ventilation and air-conditioning (HVAC) system that consists of two parallel systems: a dedicated system for delivering outdoor air ventilation that handles both the latent and sensible loads of conditioning the ventilation air, and a parallel system to handle the (mostly sensible heat) loads generated by indoor/process sources and those that pass through the building enclosure.

Occupational Hygiene is the anticipation, recognition, evaluation, control and prevention of hazards from work that may result in injury, illness, or affect the well being of workers. These hazards or stressors are typically divided into the categories biological, chemical, physical, ergonomic and psychosocial. The risk of a health effect from a given stressor is a function of the hazard multiplied by the exposure to the individual or group. For chemicals, the hazard can be understood by the dose response profile most often based on toxicological studies or models. Occupational hygienists work closely with toxicologists for understanding chemical hazards, physicists for physical hazards, and physicians and microbiologists for biological hazards. Tropical medicine Infection) Environmental and occupational hygienists are considered experts in exposure science and exposure risk management. Depending on an individual's type of job, a hygienist will apply their exposure science expertise for the protection of workers, consumers and/or communities. Sensors

Breathing - Air

Air Pollution Test Kit (amazon)
Cube Sensors
Speck Air Quality Monitor

Sick Building Syndrome is used to describe a situation in which the occupants of a building experience acute health- or comfort-related effects that seem to be linked directly to the time spent in the building. No specific illness or cause can be identified.

Air Labs Clean Air Bench Filters Pollution in Public Spaces.

Pollution Absorbing Buildings (green building)

Sustainable Building Design Software
Building Design Guide
Air Quality Reports
Green Building

Road Dust is made up of components such as exhaust emissions from vehicles, tire tread particles, debris from the road itself, and runoff from nearby parks and yards. Contaminants in road dust react with singlet oxygen, that means that sunlight could change the lifetime and potency of those contaminants in ways we don't yet understand. One group of chemicals that could react with singlet oxygen are a set of toxic components of combustion emissions, known as polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons.

Cleanout Guide for Safe Disposal of Household Chemicals
Home Air Check
Healthy Products
Environmental Hazards

American Air Testing
Outdoor Air Quality Reports
Air Quality Index
Air Quality Monitoring
Amateur Guide 

Tzoa wearable enviro-tracker
Atmotube: The Portable Air Pollution Monitor

Toxins (out-gassing)

Kanomax 2211 Indoor Air Quality Monitor 

Air Purifying Technology

Airdog X5 Air cleaner for your Home using reusable filter that's easy-to-wash in a dishwasher or by hand.
Evapolar Personal Air Conditioner cools, humidifies and cleans the air creating your local perfect microclimate.
Emerald Air: The Smartest Sensor and Air Purifier Get rid of viruses, allergens and airborne threats. Filters up odors, smoke, PM2.5, VOCs and allergens.
iBaby Air Smart Air Quality Monitor & Ion Purifier Smart Wi-Fi air monitor that detects VOCs & purifies the air for a healthier life.
Clairy Natural Air Purifier that combines the power of nature and technology to eliminate indoor pollution and analyze it.
Wynd - Air Purifier
Coway AP-1512HH Mighty Air Purifier with True HEPA and Eco Mode
Molekule air purifier breaks down harmful microscopic pollutants like allergens, mold, bacteria, viruses and even airborne chemicals.
Dyson Air Treatment Purifiers

Natural Air Purifiers

6 Good Indoor Plants for Purifying Air Houseplant is a plant that is grown indoors in places such as residences and offices. Houseplants are commonly grown for decorative purposes, but studies have also shown them to have positive psychological effects. Houseplants also help with indoor air purification. Plants used in this fashion are most commonly, though not always, tropical or semi-tropical epiphytes, succulents or cacti. Houseplants need the correct moisture, light levels, soil mixture, temperature, and humidity. As well, houseplants need the proper fertilizer and correct-sized pots.

NASA Clean Air Study results suggest that certain common indoor plants may provide a natural way of removing toxic agents such as benzene, formaldehyde and trichloroethylene from the air, helping neutralize the effects of sick building syndrome. The first list of air-filtering plants was compiled by NASA as part of a clean air study published in 1989, which researched ways to clean air in space stations. As well as absorbing carbon dioxide and releasing oxygen, as all plants do, these plants also eliminate significant amounts of benzene, formaldehyde and trichloroethylene. The second and third lists are from B. C. Wolverton's book and paper and focus on removal of specific chemicals. NASA researchers suggest efficient air cleaning is accomplished with at least one plant per 100 square feet of home or office space. While the original study only considered plants grown hydroponically (ie without soil), more recent research has shown that micro-organisms in the potting mix (soil) of a potted plant remove benzene from the air, and that some plant species also contribute to removing benzene.

House Plants that improve indoor Air Quality 
Plants that Purify Indoor Air 
How To Be An Adult: Choosing The Perfect Plant For Your Home (youtube)

5 Indoor Plants that are easy to take care of 5 indoor plants that are easy to take care of
ZZ plant Zamioculcas
Ripple Peperomia Peperomia caperata
Pothos Epipremnum aureum
Snake plant Sansevieria trifasciata
Bird's Nest Fern

How To Repot A Houseplant (youtube) - 1 to 2 inches larger pot in diameter and deeper. Add fresh potting soil to the bottom of the new pot, packing it well around the drainage hole that has a drain cover. Then transfer the plant to the new pot. Adjust the amount of soil mix so that the plant is at the same level as it was in the old pot. Loosen the roots on the plant. Position the plant, add soil mix to fill and pack tightly around the plant roots, and then water plant thoroughly. Plant Diseases

Instructions for taking care of plants are similar in ways to the instructions needed to take care of yourself in Life.
Plants need clean water and so does life. Just enough, not too much or too little.
Plants need clean food and so does life. Just enough, not too much or too little.
Plants need light and so does life. Just enough, not too much or too little.
Plants need room to grow and so does life. Just enough, not too much or too little.
Plants need protection from harsh environments and so does life. Just enough, not too much or too little.
Plants need love and so does life. Just enough, not too much or too little.

Landscaping SustainablySustainable Landscape Architecture


Transition is the act of passing from one state or place to the next. Advancing - Progressing

Retrofit gas saving devices in all cars, trucks, lawn mowers and machines. Electric Cars

Make Boats run on Biodiesel Fuel. Add a natural and proven safe weed killer to the fuel if the lake has a Weed Problem.

We need to Retrofit old cities so that we can help maximize this transition and make it easy for everyone during these improvements. And of course we have to come up with a way to educate people so that these improvements are clearly understood by everyone and why we need to make these improvements as quick as possible.

Future Cities

Major Cities only take up 2% of the usable land on earth. But Major Cities are home to 50% of the worlds population, consume 75% of the worlds energy and emit 80% of CO2 Carbon Dioxide. So fixing cities are a good place to start.

We must also change the laws so that building energy wasting houses, buildings, cars and products is illegal. Buildings must be able to have multiple uses too incase the original use is no longer necessary. People should also know how to retrofit or modify buildings for other uses.

Energy Saving Building Designs

Next step is to show people how to have Low Maintenance Homes and possibly a Maintenance-Free House.

More Environmental Tools
Earth Easy
Green Products
Green Building

We must Improve Education in every way possible because a poor education is the root of all problems.

Basic Knowledge 101

Enjoy Your Soon to Be New and Invigorating Planet...What will we think of next?

Electromagnetic Radiation

Human Body Electro Magnetic Field Trifield Meter can detect and measure Electromagnetic Radiation Field and Radio/Microwaves from Appliances and Power Lines. Trifield Gauss Meters and Magnetometers.

Magnetometer is an instrument that measures magnetism—either magnetization of magnetic material like a ferromagnet, or the strength and, in some cases, direction of the magnetic field at a point in space.

Electromagnetic Hypersensitivity is a claimed sensitivity to electromagnetic fields, resulting in negative symptoms.
Cellphone Dangers

Magnetoception (born to use magnetism to navigate)

Microwave News 
High Exposure to Radiofrequency Radiation linked to tumor malignant schwannomas activity in male rats
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health

Aura - Human Energy - Brain

Solar plexus, torsion field, manifestation, make the subconscious conscious.

Optical magnetic field sensor can detect signals from the nervous system

Electrical Conduction System of the Heart is the normal electrical conduction in the Heart that allows the impulse that is generated by the sinoatrial node (SA node) of the heart to be propagated to, and stimulate, the cardiac muscle (myocardium). The myocardium contracts after stimulation. It is the ordered, rhythmic stimulation of the myocardium during the cardiac cycle that allows efficient contraction of the heart, thereby allowing blood to be pumped throughout the body.

Faraday Cage (Electromagnetic Radiation Protection)

Electromagnetic Interference is when in the radio frequency spectrum, is a disturbance generated by an external source that affects an electrical circuit by electromagnetic induction, electrostatic coupling, or conduction. The disturbance may degrade the performance of the circuit or even stop it from functioning. In the case of a data path, these effects can range from an increase in error rate to a total loss of the data. Both man-made and natural sources generate changing electrical currents and voltages that can cause EMI: automobile ignition systems, cell phones, thunderstorms, the Sun, and the Northern Lights. EMI frequently affects AM radios. It can also affect cell phones, FM radios, and televisions. EMI can be used intentionally for radio jamming, as in electronic warfare.

Electromagnetic Pulse

The Hum a phenomena involving widespread reports of a persistent and invasive low-frequency humming, rumbling, or droning noise not audible to all people.

Extremely Low Frequency is the ITU designation for electromagnetic radiation (radio waves) with frequencies from 3 to 30 Hz, and corresponding wavelengths of 100,000 to 10,000 kilometers, respectively. (ELF)

Compact Fluorescent Light Bulbs

Earth Magnetic Field Electromagnetic Radiation
Electrical Generator
Magnetic Field
Electromagnetic Field
Electronics Knowledge

Cuboctahedron is a polyhedron with 8 triangular faces and 6 square faces. A cuboctahedron has 12 identical vertices, with 2 triangles and 2 squares meeting at each, and 24 identical edges, each separating a triangle from a square. As such, it is a quasiregular polyhedron, i.e. an Archimedean solid that is not only vertex-transitive but also edge-transitive.

Bioacoustics is a cross-disciplinary science that combines biology and acoustics. Usually it refers to the investigation of sound production, dispersion and reception in animals (including humans). This involves neurophysiological and anatomical basis of sound production and detection, and relation of acoustic signals to the medium they disperse through. The findings provide clues about the evolution of acoustic mechanisms, and from that, the evolution of animals that employ them.

Biophoton (luminescence) - Organisms

Morphic-Resonance is a process whereby self-organising systems inherit a memory from previous similar systems. In its most general formulation, morphic resonance means that the so-called laws of nature are more like habits.

Ideophone are words that evoke an idea in sound, often a vivid impression of certain sensations or sensory perceptions, e.g. sound, movement, color, shape, or action. Ideophones are found in many of the world's languages, though they are claimed to be relatively uncommon in Western languages.

Light - Melatonin

Hertz is the unit of frequency; one hertz has a periodic interval of one second. Terahertz

Radio Waves - Electricity - Wireless Communication

Roughly 21 million adult Americans don't own a Cellphone

Cellphones and Cancer Risk -  Cordless Phones Too.

Glioma is a type of tumor that starts in the brain or spine. It is called a glioma because it arises from glial cells. The most common site of gliomas is the brain. Gliomas make up about 30% of all brain and central nervous system tumors and 80% of all malignant brain tumors. Acoustic Neuroma

All Cellphones have a warning inside that tells the minimum separation distance a cellphone should be held from the head and body. The Federal Communication Commission recommends keeping your phone 5 to 25 mm away from head and body. Use speaker phone or earplugs. millimeters. Mobile Phone Radiation and Health - Directed-Energy Weapon

Cancer - 13 ways to Reduce Cell Phone Radiation

All wireless devices from smartphones to wireless laptops to baby monitors come with FCC warnings that they are NOT safe to use if held directly on the body because the radio frequency emissions can exceed government limits. Very importantly, if you place a cell phone at body contact, you can exceed radiation limits up to 9 times US FCC limits according to reports of the French government after testing hundreds of cell phones. Dr. Hugh Taylor Chief of OB GYN at Yale has shown that pregnant mice exposed to this radiation have offspring with increased hyperactivity, decreased memory and altered brain development. Cell Phone Microwave Radiation To Cancer, Low Birth Weight and Sperm Damage.

Mobile Phone Radiation and Health Mobile phones use electromagnetic radiation in the microwave range (450–3800 MHz).
If you carry or use your phone in a pants or shirt pocket or tucked into a bra when the phone is ON and connected to a wireless network, you may exceed the federal guidelines for exposure to RF radiation. Use hands-free to decrease the radiation to the head. Keep the mobile phone away from the body. Do not use telephone in a car without an external antenna.

Cellular Phone Towers and Cancer
Task Force
Is wi-fi a mini cell phone tower?
Cell-Phone Towers, the invisible Danger
Resonance Beings of Frequency (youtube)
History of Radar (wiki) 
Hollow Air Tube Anti-Radiation Headset Stereo Model EMF Protector (amazon)
International Commission on Non-Ionizing Radiation Protection (ICNIRP)
How to turn on or turn off Bluetooth and WIFI in Windows (youtube)
Ionization of Atoms and Molecules

Cell Phone Towers Map Locations in NYC Microwaves are a form of electromagnetic radiation with wavelengths ranging from one meter to one millimeter; with frequencies between 300 MHz (100 cm) and 300 GHz (0.1 cm).

There are no publicly available maps for cell phone towers in NYC. FCC and the FAA publish information about antenna registrations, and the NYC Department of buildings maintains a current record of building permits associated with mobile phone

Environmental Health Trust carries out cutting edge research to understand and reduce environmental health risks.

Radio Waves - Smartphones (uses)

Ground Wave Propagation is a method of radio wave propagation that uses the area between the surface of the earth and the ionosphere for transmission. The ground wave can propagate a considerable distance over the earth's surface particularly in the low frequency and medium frequency portion of the radio spectrum. Ground wave radio propagation is used to provide relatively local radio communications coverage.

Skywave refers to the propagation of radio waves reflected or refracted back toward Earth from the ionosphere, an electrically charged layer of the upper atmosphere. Since it is not limited by the curvature of the Earth, skywave propagation can be used to communicate beyond the horizon, at intercontinental distances. It is mostly used in the shortwave frequency bands.

An experiment by a handful of high school students in Denmark has sparked some serious international interest in the scientific community. They placed six trays of garden cress seeds next to Wi-Fi routers that emitted roughly the same microwave radiation as a mobile phone. Then they placed six more trays of seeds in a separate room without routers. The girls controlled both environments for room temperature, sunlight and water. After 12 days, they found the garden cress seeds in the routerless room had exploded into bushy greenery, while the seeds next to the Wi-Fi routers were brown, shriveled, and even mutated. Did the test twice with the same results. They were Painstakingly careful in keeping the conditions for both groups similar. The cress seeds in both groups were kept sufficiently moist during the whole experiment, and the temperature were controlled thermostatically.

Radio Frequency RF Radiation from Cordless Phones (youtube)
EMF Safety Network
WI-FRIED? (youtube)

Ants Circling Phone - Mysterious video of ants circling an iPhone -Ameisen umkreisen 7 (youtube)

Chi-O Phi: A Revolution of Active Jewelry Design protect yourself from unsettling EMF with this revolution of Active Jewelry Active Scalar Frequencies, Integrated Hologram Chip Technology, Radionic Imprinting, Bio-Friendly Frequencies.

Microwave Radiometer is a radiometer that measures energy emitted at sub-millimetre-to-centimetre wavelengths (at frequencies of 1–1000 GHz) known as microwaves. Microwave radiometers are very sensitive receivers designed to measure thermal electromagnetic radiation emitted by atmospheric gases. They are usually equipped with multiple receiving channels in order to derive the characteristic emission spectrum of the atmosphere or extraterrestrial objects. Microwave radiometers are utilized in a variety of environmental and engineering applications, including weather forecasting, climate monitoring, radio astronomy and radio propagation studies.
Hf35c Rf Analyze (800mhz - 2.5 Ghz) - Perfect for Smart Meters Detection (amazon)

Acoustimeter RF Meter Model AM-10 Radio Frequency Microwave Detection Meter EMF Protection (amazon)

Cryptochrome are a class of flavoproteins that are sensitive to blue light. They are found in plants and animals. Cryptochromes are involved in the circadian rhythms of plants and animals, and in the sensing of magnetic fields in a number of species. The name cryptochrome was proposed as a portmanteau combining the cryptic nature of the photoreceptor, and the cryptogamic organisms on which many blue-light studies were carried out.

Alpha - Theta Waves in the Body

Specific Absorption Rate is a measure of the rate at which energy is absorbed by the human body when exposed to a radio frequency (RF) electromagnetic field.

Green Bank, West Virginia is a 13,000-square mile Radio Quiet Zone which is an area where radio transmissions are restricted in order to protect a Radio Telescope or a communications station from radio frequency interference. Equipment that can cause interference includes mobile phones, television transmitters, and CB radios, as well as other electrical equipment.

National Radio Quiet Zone in which radio transmissions are heavily restricted by law to facilitate scientific research.
The National Radio Quiet Zone

Millions of humans are being bombarded with radio waves and microwaves continually everyday, and these waves all contain information. And if you had a radio receiver or a cellphone you can receive these messages being transmitted. But maybe humans don't need technology to receive the signals that are being transmitted by us and to us everyday, after all, human brains receive messages from several senses already. And I'm sure that the brain is capable of tuning in, it just hasn't learned how, just yet. Technology is just a stepping stone to discovering our own abilities.

New Technology Uses Wi-Fi Signals To See Through Walls
The device works by transmitting wireless signals that traverse the wall and reflect off a person’s body back to the device. (The emitted radiation is approximately 1/10,000 the amount given off by a standard cellphone.) The device captures these reflections and analyzes them in order to see the person’s silhouette.

Multiplexing Data carried on Terahertz Waves. Multiplexing is the ability to send multiple signals through a single channel, An international research team has demonstrated for the first time a method for multiplexing data carried on terahertz waves, high-frequency radiation that may enable the next generation of ultra-high bandwidth wireless networks. In The Journal Nature Communications, the researchers report the transmission of two real-time video signals through a terahertz multiplexer at an aggregate data rate of 50 gigabits per second, approximately 100 times the optimal data rate of today's fastest cellular network. Signals in terahertz communications networks will propagate as directional beams, not omnidirectional broadcasts like in existing wireless systems. This directional relationship between propagation angle and frequency is the key to enabling mux/demux in terahertz systems. A user at a particular location (and therefore at a particular angle from the multiplexing system) will communicate on a particular frequency. Researchers encoded two high-definition television broadcasts onto terahertz waves of two different frequencies: 264.7 GHz and 322.5 GHz. They then beamed both frequencies together into the multiplexer system, with a television receiver set to detect the signals as they emerged from the device. When the researchers aligned their receiver to the angle from which 264.7 GHz waves were emitted, they saw the first channel. When they aligned with 322.5 GHz, they saw the second. Further experiments showed that transmissions were error-free up to 10 gigabits per second, which is much faster than today's standard Wi-Fi speeds. Error rates increased somewhat when the speed was boosted to 50 gigabits per second (25 gigabits per channel), but were still well within the range that can be fixed using forward error correction, which is commonly used in today's communications networks. When a terahertz wave is modulated to encode data—meaning turned on and off to make zeros and ones—the main wave is accompanied by sideband frequencies that also must be detected by a receiver in order to transmit all the data. The research showed that the angle of the detector with respect to the sidebands is important to keeping the error rate down.

Terahertz Radiation THz – consists of electromagnetic waves within the ITU-designated band of frequencies from 0.3 to 3 terahertz (THz; 1 THz = 1012 Hz). Wavelengths of radiation in the terahertz band correspondingly range from 1 mm to 0.1 mm (or 100 μm). Terahertz radiation occupies a middle ground between microwaves and infrared light waves known as the terahertz gap, It represents the region in the electromagnetic spectrum where the frequency of electromagnetic radiation becomes too high to be measured digitally via electronic counters, so must be measured by proxy using the properties of wavelength and energy.

Frequency-Hopping Spread Spectrum is a method of transmitting radio signals by rapidly switching a carrier among many frequency channels, using a pseudorandom sequence known to both transmitter and receiver. It is used as a multiple access method in the code division multiple access (CDMA) scheme frequency-hopping code division multiple access (FH-CDMA). FHSS is a wireless technology that spreads its signal over rapidly changing frequencies. Each available frequency band is divided into sub-frequencies. Signals rapidly change ("hop") among these in a pre-determined order. Interference at a specific frequency will only affect the signal during that short interval. FHSS can, however, cause interference with adjacent direct-sequence spread spectrum (DSSS) systems. A sub-type of FHSS used in Bluetooth wireless data transfer is adaptive frequency hopping spread spectrum (AFH). White Space

EMP - E-Bomb

Yes, services and certain things will be disrupted, our computer systems leave us extremely vulnerable, but life will go on because a lot of things like Electrical Appliances are just a Luxury and Not Necessary for Life, unless the power grid and communications fail, then just like any Disaster or Emergency you need good planning, and you also need to know your options. 

Electromagnetic Pulse is a short burst of electromagnetic energy. Such a pulse's origination may be a natural occurrence or man-made and can occur as a radiated, electric or magnetic field or a conducted electric current, depending on the source.

Electronic Warfare is any action involving the use of the electromagnetic spectrum or directed energy to control the spectrum, attack of an enemy, or impede enemy assaults via the spectrum.

Electromagnetic Weapon (wiki)
Effects of Nuclear Explosions

Directed-Energy Weapon is a ranged weapon system that inflicts damage at a target by emission of highly focused energy, including laser, microwaves and particle beams. Potential applications of this technology include anti-personnel weapon systems, missile defense system, and the disabling of lightly armored vehicles or mounted optical devices.

WIFI + Cell Phones Cause 100% Damage to Human Eggs. (DNA) (youtube) Human immature eggs have ABSOLUTELY NO protection from microwave radiation. Damage/birth defects will be first apparent in the 3rd generation of a family regularly exposed to microwave radiation. (WiFi / Cell Phones).

Recent advances in the effects of microwave radiation on brains. The brain has been recognized as one of the organs that is most vulnerable to microwave radiation.

Effect of Microwave Exposure on the Ovarian Development of Drosophila melanogaster.

Electromagnetic Interference

Geomagnetic Storm is a temporary disturbance of the Earth's magnetosphere caused by a solar wind shock wave and/or cloud of magnetic field that interacts with the Earth's magnetic field. The increase in the solar wind pressure initially compresses the magnetosphere. The solar wind's magnetic field interacts with the Earth’s magnetic field and transfers an increased energy into the magnetosphere. Both interactions cause an increase in plasma movement through the magnetosphere (driven by increased electric fields inside the magnetosphere) and an increase in electric current in the magnetosphere and ionosphere.

Coronal Mass Ejection is an unusually large release of plasma and magnetic field from the solar corona. They often follow solar flares and are normally present during a solar prominence eruption. The plasma is released into the solar wind, and can be observed in coronagraph imagery. Electromagnetics

Solar Storm of 1859 (wiki)  Solar Activity - September 6, 2017 - Space Weather

Electronic Counter Countermeasures  is a part of electronic warfare which includes a variety of practices which attempt to reduce or eliminate the effect of electronic countermeasures (ECM) on electronic sensors aboard vehicles, ships and aircraft and weapons such as missiles. ECCM is also known as electronic protective measures (EPM), chiefly in Europe. In practice, EPM often means resistance to jamming.

Faraday Cage is an enclosure used to block electric fields. It is formed by conductive material or by a mesh of such materials.

Just like with Lightning Strikes, things that are plugged in will get damaged from the Power Surge or Voltage Spike. And if you are very close to a EMP, even some things that are not plugged in that are sensitive to Static Electricity like integrated circuit chips (IC), transistors, resistors, could be damage by Compton Scattering. An EMP surge is also “front loaded.” meaning that it doesn’t do a build up for a couple of micro-seconds, which would allow enough time for the circuit breaker to “read” that trouble is on the way and shut down. This is why a Surge Protector may not give you the protection that you need. So certain Appliances will need to be repaired or need to be replaced. 

Static Electricity

EMF (electro magnetic frequencies)


The Power of Light

 How Li-Fi works There has to be a Safer and more Healthier way of transmitting data without radiation and microwaves from Cellular Towers, Wi-Fi and Wireless Phones?

Li-Fi Light Fidelity is a bidirectional, high-speed and fully networked wireless communication technology similar to Wi-Fi. a form of visible light communication and a subset of optical wireless communications (OWC) and could be a complement to RF communication (Wi-Fi or cellular networks), or even a replacement in contexts of data broadcasting.

Harald Haas: Wireless Data from Every Light Bulb (video)

Visible Light Communication is a data communications variant which uses visible light between 400 and 800 THz (780–375 nm). VLC is a subset of optical wireless communications technologies.

Squeezing Light into a Tiny Channel brings Optical Computing a step closer

Optical Computing uses photons produced by lasers or diodes for computation. For decades, photons have promised to allow a higher bandwidth than the electrons used in conventional computers. Most research projects focus on replacing current computer components with optical equivalents, resulting in an optical digital computer system processing binary data. This approach appears to offer the best short-term prospects for commercial optical computing, since optical components could be integrated into traditional computers to produce an optical-electronic hybrid. However, optoelectronic devices lose 30% of their energy converting electronic energy into photons and back; this conversion also slows the transmission of messages. All-optical computers eliminate the need for optical-electrical-optical (OEO) conversions, thus lessening the need for electrical power. Application-specific devices, such as synthetic aperture radar (SAR) and optical correlators, have been designed to use the principles of optical computing. Correlators can be used, for example, to detect and track objects, and to classify serial time-domain optical data.

Optical Engineering is the field of study that focuses on applications of optics. Optical engineers design components of optical instruments such as lenses, microscopes, telescopes, and other equipment that utilizes the properties of light. Other devices include optical sensors and measurement systems, lasers, fiber optic communication systems, optical disc systems (e.g. CD, DVD), etc.

LED's - Light - Wireless Energy

Optics is the branch of physics which involves the behaviour and properties of light, including its interactions with matter and the construction of instruments that use or detect it. Optics usually describes the behaviour of visible, ultraviolet, and infrared light. Because light is an electromagnetic wave, other forms of electromagnetic radiation such as X-rays, microwaves, and radio waves exhibit similar properties.

Photonics is the science of light (photon) generation, detection, and manipulation through emission, transmission, modulation, signal processing, switching, amplification, and detection/sensing.

Nanophotonics is the study of the behavior of Light on the nanometer scale, and of the interaction of nanometer-scale objects with light. It is a branch of optics, optical engineering, electrical engineering, and nanotechnology. It often (but not exclusively) involves metallic components, which can transport and focus light via surface plasmon polaritons.

Photon is an elementary particle, the quantum of all forms of electromagnetic radiation including Light.

Waveguide is a structure that guides waves, such as electromagnetic waves or sound waves. They enable a signal to propagate with minimal loss of energy by restricting expansion to one dimension or two.

Biophoton are photons of light in the ultraviolet and low visible light range that are produced by a biological system. They are non-thermal in origin, and the emission of biophotons is technically a type of bioluminescence, though bioluminescence is generally reserved for higher luminance luciferin/luciferase systems. The term biophoton used in this narrow sense should not be confused with the broader field of biophotonics, which studies the general interaction of light with biological systems.

Biophotonics denotes a combination of biology and photonics, with photonics being the science and technology of generation, manipulation, and detection of photons, quantum units of light. Photonics is related to electronics and photons. Photons play a central role in information technologies such as fiber optics the way electrons do in electronics.

Polarization Waves (magnetics)

Eyes (sight)
Electromagnetics and Photonics Research
Optics Info Base

Intense Pulsed Light (IPL) is a technology used by cosmetic and medical practitioners to perform various skin treatments for aesthetic and therapeutic purposes, including hair removal, photorejuvenation (e.g. the treatment of skin pigmentation, sun damage, and thread veins) as well as to alleviate dermatologic diseases such as acne.

Advance in intense pulsed light sintering opens door to improved electronics manufacturing
Intense pulsed light sintering allows for faster densification – in a matter of seconds – over larger areas compared to conventional sintering processes such as oven-based and laser-based. IPL can potentially be used to sinter nanoparticles for applications in printed electronics, solar cells, gas sensing and photocatalysis.

Photocatalysis is the acceleration of a photoreaction in the presence of a catalyst. In catalysed photolysis, light is absorbed by an adsorbed substrate. In photogenerated catalysis, the photocatalytic activity (PCA) depends on the ability of the catalyst to create electron–hole pairs, which generate free radicals (e.g. hydroxyl radicals: •OH) able to undergo secondary reactions.

Densification is to impregnate (wood) with additives under heat and pressure in order to achieve greater density and hardness.

Absorption (electromagnetic radiation) of electromagnetic radiation is the way in which the energy of a photon is taken up by matter, typically the electrons of an atom. Thus, the electromagnetic energy is transformed into internal energy of the absorber, for example thermal energy. The reduction in intensity of a light wave propagating through a medium by absorption of a part of its photons is often called attenuation. Usually, the absorption of waves does not depend on their intensity (linear absorption), although in certain conditions (usually, in optics), the medium changes its transparency dependently on the intensity of waves going through, and saturable absorption (or nonlinear absorption) occurs.

Computing at the Speed of Light, shuttle photons instead of electrons using ultra-compact Beam Splitters. Mobile devices such as smartphones or tablets built with this technology would consume less power, have longer battery life and generate less heat than existing mobile devices. 

Optical Fiber is a flexible, transparent fiber made by drawing glass (silica) or plastic to a diameter slightly thicker than that of a human hair. Optical fibers are used most often as a means to transmit light between the two ends of the fiber and find wide usage in fiber-optic communications, where they permit transmission over longer distances and at higher bandwidths (data rates) than wire cables. Fibers are used instead of metal wires because signals travel along them with lesser amounts of loss; in addition, fibers are also immune to electromagnetic interference, a problem from which metal wires suffer excessively. Fibers are also used for illumination, and are wrapped in bundles so that they may be used to carry images, thus allowing viewing in confined spaces, as in the case of a fiberscope. Specially designed fibers are also used for a variety of other applications, some of them being fiber optic sensors and fiber lasers.

Fiber Optic Sensor is a sensor that uses optical fiber either as the sensing element ("intrinsic sensors"), or as a means of relaying signals from a remote sensor to the electronics that process the signals ("extrinsic sensors").

Optoelectronics is the study and application of electronic devices and systems that source, detect and control Light, usually considered a sub-field of photonics.

Silicon Photonics is the study and application of photonic systems which use silicon as an optical medium.

Internet Connection Types

The Story of Light - Bell Labs - Future Impossible (youtube)   

Spatial Multiplexing is a transmission technique in MIMO wireless communication to transmit independent and separately encoded data signals, so-called streams, from each of the multiple transmit antennas. Therefore, the space dimension is reused, or multiplexed, more than one time.

Using light for communications was originally thought of over a 100 years ago.

1000 gigabits per second (1 gigabit = 1 billion bitsSuper Computers

Li-Fi will eventually be used for transmitting information directly into the brain. It would most likely go directly to the brains memory first and then from there it would have to be sorted using the brains preferred processes for learning. The person receiving the information would need training first, and would also need to be an adult with a brain that's fully developed. We already take in information through light by what we see, things like pictures, text, and by way of video, computer screens and TV, which some of it is mostly subliminal without much benefit. 

Optogenetics is a biological technique which involves the use of light to control cells in living tissue, typically neurons, that have been genetically modified to express light-sensitive ion channels. Memories

Light can be used as an accurate method to control gene expression shows groundbreaking optogenetics study by University of Colorado, Duke University and University of Helsinki researchers.

Luminescence - Light Therapy

Photoreceptor Protein are light-sensitive proteins involved in the sensing and response to light in a variety of organisms.

Photocurrent is the electric current through a photosensitive device, such as a photodiode, as the result of exposure to radiant power.

Researchers "Reprogram" Network of Brain Cells with Thin Beam of Light

Integrated Control of Predatory Hunting Circuits by the Central Nucleus of the Amygdala. Mice became aggressive predators when two sets of neurons in the Amygdala were activated with laser light.

UNC-Chapel Hill researchers use light to launch drugs from red blood cells. Scientists use light to control the logic networks of a cell in a breakthrough technique that uses light to activate a drug stored in circulating red blood cells so that it is released exactly when and where it is needed.

SLAC Study: Light Can Switch On Topological Materials. Computer Simulations Show How Light Pulses Can Create Channels that Conduct Electricity with No Resistance in Atomically Thin Semiconductors.

LumiWave: Delivers the power of 200 LEDS (light emitting diodes) deep-tissue, infrared-light therapy device wavelength, in a lightweight, portable and affordable package. Stimulating effect of photon penetration and cell absorption.

Penetration Depth is a measure of how deep light or any electromagnetic radiation can penetrate into a material. It is defined as the depth at which the intensity of the radiation inside the material falls to 1/e (about 37%) of its original value at (or more properly, just beneath) the surface. When electromagnetic radiation is incident on the surface of a material, it may be (partly) reflected from that surface and there will be a field containing energy transmitted into the material. This electromagnetic field interacts with the atoms and electrons inside the material. Depending on the nature of the material, the electromagnetic field might travel very far into the material, or may die out very quickly. For a given material, penetration depth will generally be a function of wavelength.

Using a Laser to Wirelessly Charge a Smartphone safely across a room - Wireless Energy

Photodielectric Detector using a Superconducting Cavity

Implanted Computer Chip
Brain Knowledge

Lidar is a surveying method that measures distance to a target by illuminating that target with a pulsed laser light, and measuring the reflected pulses with a sensor. Differences in laser return times and wavelengths can then be used to make digital 3D-representations of the target. The name lidar, sometimes considered an acronym of Light Detection And Ranging (sometimes Light Imaging, Detection, And Ranging) (also called LIDAR, LiDAR, and LADAR), was originally a portmanteau of light and radar, which is an object-detection system that uses radio waves to determine the range, angle, or velocity of objects.


Sound Icon Architectural Acoustics is the science and engineering of achieving a good sound within a building and is a branch of acoustical engineering.

Acoustical Engineering is the branch of engineering dealing with sound and vibration. It is the application of acoustics, the science of sound and vibration, in technology. Acoustical engineers are typically concerned with the design, analysis and control of sound.
Noise Consultants 

How to Make High Performance Sound Absorption Panels for $5 (youtube)

Noise Pollution is the disturbing or excessive noise that may harm the activity or balance of human or animal life. The source of most outdoor noise worldwide is mainly caused by machines and transportation systems, motor vehicles, aircraft, and trains. Nuisance

Misophonia is when people have strong negative feelings, thoughts, and physical reactions to specific sounds, which the literature calls "trigger sounds". These sounds are apparently usually soft, but can be loud. One study found that around 80% of the sounds were related to the mouth (eating, slurping, chewing or popping gum, whispering, etc.), and around 60% were repetitive. A visual trigger may develop related to the trigger sound. It also appears that a misophonic reaction can occur in the absence of an actual sound.

Noise Regulation includes statutes or guidelines relating to sound transmission established by national, state or provincial and municipal levels of government. After the watershed passage of the United States Noise Control Act of 1972, other local and state governments passed further regulations.

Noise Pollution (epa)

Interactive Map of Road and Aviation Noise Pollution in the United States

Background Noise is any sound other than the sound being monitored (primary sound).

Ambient Noise Level is the background sound pressure level at a given location, normally specified as a reference level to study a new intrusive sound source.

Quite Rock Sound Proofing Material
Echo Absorber Acoustic Panel
Soundproofing Insulation
Acoustical Surfaces

Soundproofing is any means of reducing the sound pressure with respect to a specified sound source and receptor. There are several basic approaches to reducing sound: increasing the distance between source and receiver, using noise barriers to reflect or absorb the energy of the sound waves, using damping structures such as sound baffles, or using active antinoise sound generators. Noise Cancelation

Noise (electronic)

Sound - Hearing

How to 3-D Print Your Own Sonic Tractor Beam

Silence is Good for You


Environmental Awareness - Impacts - Solutions
Some of the reading material and tools for the Environmental Education and Environmental Awareness Curriculum.

Understanding Environment Paperback – December 8, 2004 (amazon)
Protecting Public Health and the Environment: Implementing The Precautionary Principle Paperback – June 1, 1999 (amazon)
The Complete Idiot's Guide to Green Living Paperback – September 4, 2007 (amazon)
The Self-sufficient Life and How to Live It Hardcover – March 17, 2003 (amazon)
The Ecology of Commerce: A Declaration of Sustainability Paperback – June 3, 1994 (amazon)
Green to Gold: How Smart Companies Use Environmental Strategy to Innovate, Create Value, and Build Competitive Advantage Paperback – January 9, 2009 (amazon)
The Sustainability Revolution: Portrait of a Paradigm Shift Paperback – June 1, 2005 (amazon)
Living Without Electricity: People's Place Book No. 9 Hardcover – February 1, 1990 (amazon)
Easy Green Living: The Ultimate Guide to Simple, Eco-Friendly Choices for You and Your Home Paperback – April 1, 2008
Complete Guide to Reducing Energy Costs (Consumer Reports Complete Guide To...) Paperback – October 17, 2006
Earthship: How to Build Your Own, Vol. 1 Paperback – September, 1990 (amazon)
The Geography of Nowhere: The Rise and Decline of America's Man-Made Landscape Paperback – July 26, 1994
The Carbon Buster's Home Energy Handbook: Slowing Climate Change and Saving Money Paperback – November 1, 2006
How to Live a Low-Carbon Life: The Individual's Guide to Stopping Climate Change Paperback – March 30, 2007
The Carbon-Free Home: 36 Remodeling Projects to Help Kick the Fossil-Fuel Habit Paperback – July 15, 2008
Green from the Ground Up: Sustainable, Healthy, and Energy-Efficient Home Construction (Builder's Guide) Paperback – April 1, 2008
Cradle to Cradle: Remaking the Way We Make Things Paperback – April 22, 2002 (amazon)
Biomimicry: Innovation Inspired by Nature Paperback – September 17, 2002 (amazon)

Green Books

Green Car Ideas and Websites
Green News
Environmental Education
Recommended Documentaries and Films
Inspiration 101
Green Building
Information Websites

Environment Awareness Quotes - Sayings about the Environment

Don't blow it - good planets are hard to find.  (Quoted in Time)Two hands hold a Small plant in Soil

Nature provides a free lunch, but only if we control our appetites. (William Ruckelshaus  Business Week, 18 June 1990).

All of humanity now has the option to "make it" successfully and sustainably, by virtue of our having minds, discovering principles and being able to employ these principles to do more with less. (Buckminster Fuller)

I think the environment should be put in the category of our national security. Defense of our resources is just as important as defense abroad. Otherwise what is there to defend?  (Robert Redford , Yosemite National Park dedication, 1985)

We do not inherit the earth from our ancestors, we borrow it from our children.  (Native American Proverb)

The natural liberty of man is to be free from any superior power on earth, and not to be under the will or legislative authority of man, but to have only the law of nature for his rule. (John Locke)

What would be more inspiring then to begin the age of restoration, reweaving the wondrous diversity of life that still surrounds us? (Edward. O. Wilson)

You may think your actions are meaningless and that they won't help, but that is no excuse, you must still act.
(Mahatma Gandhi Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi)

Take only what you need and leave the land as you found it. (Arapaho)

We are made from Mother Earth and we go back to Mother Earth. (Shenandoah)

So bleak is the picture... that the bulldozer and not the atomic bomb may turn out to be the most destructive invention of the 20th century. (Philip Shabecoff, New York Times Magazine, 4 June 1978)

Opie, you haven't finished your milk. We can't put it back in the cow, you know. (Frances Bavier, Aunt Bee Taylor, The Andy Griffith Show)

The activist is not the man who says the river is dirty. The activist is the man who cleans up the river.(Ross Perot)

It is horrifying that we have to fight our own government to save the environment.  (Ansel Adams)

Take nothing but pictures. Leave nothing but footprints. Kill nothing but time. (Motto of the Baltimore Grotto, a caving society)

Humankind has not woven the web of life. We are but one thread within it. Whatever we do to the web, we do to ourselves. All things are bound together. All things connect. (Chief Seattle, 1855)

Every day is Earth Day. To demoralize the importance of protecting mother earth into an annual holiday is really ignorant. We have to except the fact that Every day is Earth Day, and not some holiday that makes you temporally aware.

"Be the change you wish to see in the world." (Mahatma Gandhi)

If the success or failure of this planet, and of human beings, depended on how I am and what I do, how would I be? What would I do? (Buckminster Fuller)

It is now highly feasible to take care of everybody on Earth at a ‘higher standard of living than any have ever known.’ It no longer has to be you or me. Selfishness is unnecessary and henceforth unrationalizable as mandated by survival.

Humanity has the option to become successful on our planet if we reorient world production away from weaponry-- from killingry to livingry. Can we convince humanity in time? (Buckminster Fuller)

Some men see things as they are and say why? I dream of things that never were and say why not?

The time is out of joint: O cursed spite, That ever I was born to set it right! (Hamlet)

If you want things to improve in the world the first thing you have to do is make improvements in yourself, there is no other way. If you can’t be what you want the world to be you will never see improvements. Interpersonal intelligence

Never doubt that a small group of thoughtful, committed citizens can change the world. Indeed, it is the only thing that ever has. (Margaret Mead)

A human being is part of the whole, called by us "Universe," a part limited in time and space. He experiences himself, his thoughts and feelings as something separated from the rest - a kind of optical delusion of his consciousness. This delusion is a kind of prison for us, restricting us to our personal desires and to affection for a few persons nearest to us. Our task must be to free ourselves from this prison by widening our circle of compassion to embrace all living creatures and the whole [of] nature in its beauty. (Albert Einstein 1950)

"Creation manifests when balance is perfected between the opposites. By applying higher Law against lower laws, the Creation becomes divine." Summum - Philosophy

Give a man a fish, and he can eat for a day. But teach a man how to fish, and he'll be dead of mercury poisoning inside of three years. (Charles Haas)

“When it occurs to a man that nature does not regard him as important, and that she feels she would not maim the universe by disposing of him, he at first wishes to throw bricks at the temple, and he hates deeply the fact that there are no bricks and no temples.” -- Stephen Crane, "The Open Boat"

The last 100 years has mostly been about exploration, but the next 100 years will be mostly about restoration. We have tried a million different things in a million different ways, and we will continue to use our creativity and our knowledge to advance our world, but now It's time choose the best of what we have accomplished and learned and stop wasting what the earth has given us on things that do not matter or things that do not provide us with stability. We can't continue to take more then we give. Because we now know that death and destruction will soon accelerate out of control and if we don't act appropriately and quickly, everything we ever cherish will die.    Liberation, Reservation, Celebration.

U.S. consumers and industry dispose of enough aluminum to rebuild the commercial air fleet every three months; enough iron and steel to continuously supply all automakers; enough glass to fill New York's World Trade Center every two weeks. (Environmental Defense Fund advertisement, Christian Science Monitor, 1990)

You go into a community and they will vote 80 percent to 20 percent in favor of a tougher Clean Air Act, but if you ask them to devote 20 minutes a year to having their car emissions inspected, they will vote 80 to 20 against it. We are a long way in this country from taking individual responsibility for the environmental problem. (William Ruckelshaus , former EPA administrator, New York Times, 30 November 1988) 

We never know the worth of water 'til the well is dry."

"The frog does not drink up the pond in which he lives". (Sioux)

"Thousands have lived without love, not one without water" 

You have to learn to understand the soil, what it needs and what it offers.
The earth is our Mother and she’s the reason why we are all here.
Take care of her and she’ll take care of you.
And please don’t mind the occasional outbursts from Mother Nature,
she’s just reminding us that we should never take Life for Granted."
Thank You Mom...(Howard Polley)

What we can tell so far is that Life is a Continuum and that we are all part of something really incredible. And Life, in a lot of ways, is not easily explainable. But one thing we do know is that humans have been blessed to have been given these amazing brains. So if we are ever going to understand all that we are, we would have to start using our brains. Brains are most likely the reason why humans have lasted so long on this earth. And Brains will most likely be the reason why humans may ultimately avoid going extinct like the millions of other species who have lived before us.

Even if we are not the major contributor to this Mass Extinction, or to put it lightly "Climate Change", we can certainly counter act and possibly slow it down or even reverse some of the damage that has been done. We can also prepare ourselves for these changes instead of just sitting around watching 100's of millions of people die right in front of us. As all life forms have done before us, we will fight for our lives and we will not go down without a fight. It's time to start training our young, our survival depends on it. And we can start right now by spreading the word and informing people about the facts. People have always wanted to do what's right, but people need the necessary information and knowledge that will help them understand what is right. Luckily with all the Phones, TV's, Radios and News Papers that we have,  we can communicate on a massive scale.

The number of major mass extinctions in the last 540 million years range from as few as five to more than twenty. With the Permian Triassic Extinction Event taking up to 10 million years for the world to fully recover.

"As we have witnessed throughout our history, and also by learning how other animals survive, if we all live within our needs or means, we will, most of the time, have everything we need. And having everything you need for your entire life sounds pretty awesome."

Living within your Means is not using more then you need. Appropriate to a purpose; practical. Preserving from harm or unpleasantness. Lacking in dignity or falling short of the standards befitting humans. Occupying a middle or intermediate position between two extremes. How a result is obtained or an end is achieved. An instrumentality for accomplishing some end. Destine or designate for a certain purpose. Have as a logical consequence. Have in mind as a purpose. Have a specified degree of importance.

Living Modestly is just another way of saying that you are living a normal life without waste and abuse. 

Moderation is the avoidance of excess or extremes. The action of lessening in severity or intensity. A change for the better. Moderation is the process of eliminating or lessening extremes. It is used to ensure normality throughout the medium on which it is being conducted.

Every single little thing that you do in your life has an effect on the world, all your actions causes something else to happen, that is what we call cause and effect, that is life, that is science, that is physics, that is a fact. Even the simple action of eating food, if you consume unhealthy food regularly, over time you will experience negative effects, either reduced productivity, physical or mental disabilities, disease or early death. Even if you live, the fact that you supported an action that produced negative effects throughout society and the world, you will still have blood on your hands, and not just your own blood, but other peoples blood as well. Your not just slowly killing yourself, you are killing other people now and killing more people in the future. Everyone needs to be aware of this Cause and effect so that we can all stop treating ourselves and each other so disrespectfully. There is no need for this. We can fix this. Let's get started.

I love the wind
I love those cool gentle breezes on a hot summer day.
I love how the wind gives me that feeling of motion even when I'm standing still.
I love how the wind brushes against my skin, like mother nature is caressing me.
I love strong winds too, they seem to fill me with energy and enthusiasm, as if the wind is full of energy.
I love the wind.....except when it blows down my house of course.

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Boy and Girl running through a field of tall Grass

The Thinker Man