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Vegetables - Plants - Fruits - Seeds - Bread - Herbs - Spices

Eat the Rainbow

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Vegetable is a plant grown for food that can be eaten either raw or cooked, plays an important role in human nutrition, being mostly low in fat and carbohydrates, but high in Vitamins, minerals and Fiber. Many nutritionists encourage people to consume plenty of fruit and vegetables, five or more portions a day often being recommended. The original meaning of the word vegetable, still used in biology, was to describe all types of plant, as in the terms "vegetable kingdom" and "vegetable matter".

List of Leaf Vegetables (wiki)
List of Root Vegetables (PDF)

Vegetarian is the practice of abstaining from the consumption of meat (red meat, poultry, seafood, and the flesh of any other animal), and may also include abstention from by-products of animal slaughter.

Veganism is both the practice of abstaining from the use of animal products, particularly in diet, and an associated philosophy that rejects the commodity status of animals. A follower of either the diet or the philosophy is known as a vegan (pronounced VEE-gon).

Vegetarian Body Building

Raw Veganism is a diet that combines the concepts of veganism and raw foodism. It excludes all food and products of animal origin, as well as food cooked at a temperature above 48 °C (118 °F). A raw vegan diet includes raw vegetables and fruits, nuts and nut pastes, grain and legume sprouts, seeds, plant oils, sea vegetables, herbs, mushrooms, and fresh juices. There are many different versions of the diet, including fruitarianism, juicearianism, and sproutarianism.

Raw Foodism is the dietary practice of eating only uncooked, unprocessed foods. Depending on the philosophy, or type of lifestyle and results desired, raw food diets may include a selection of fruits, vegetables, nuts, seeds, eggs, fish, meat and dairy products.

Keep Veggies Fresh
Vertical Gardens
Vegetarian Recipes
Vegetarian Times
Vegan Advocacy
Vegan Thickeners

Plant-Based Diet is a diet of any animal (including humans) based on foods derived from plants, including vegetables, whole grains, legumes and fruits, but with few or no animal products. The use of the phrase has changed over time, and examples can be found of the phrase "plant-based diet" being used to refer to vegan diets, which contain no food from animal sources, to vegetarian diets which include eggs and dairy but no meat, and to diets with varying amounts of animal-based foods, such as semi-vegetarian diets which contain small amounts of meat.

Sustainable Diet are eating patterns based on looking at the impact that food consumption has on planetary resources and attempting to create healthy eating patterns that can promote the needs of the environment, society, and the economy. This growing body of research is recognised by a variety of international bodies such as the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) and the World Health Organization (WHO). Sustainability

Ethical Eating refers to the moral consequences of food choices, both those made by humans for themselves and those made for food animals. Common concerns are damage to the environment, exploitive labor practices, food shortages for others, inhumane treatment of food animals, and the unintended effects of food policy. Ethical eating is a type of ethical consumerism.

Hunter-Gatherer is a human living in a society in which most or all food is obtained by Foraging (collecting wild plants and pursuing wild animals), in contrast to agricultural societies, which rely mainly on domesticated species. Hunting and gathering was humanity's first and most successful adaptation, occupying at least 90 percent of human history. Following the invention of agriculture, hunter-gatherers who did not change have been displaced or conquered by farming or pastoralist groups in most parts of the world. Only a few contemporary societies are classified as hunter-gatherers, and many supplement their foraging activity with horticulture and/or keeping animals. 10,000 BC to 7,000 BC

Semi-Vegetarianism is a diet that is plant-based with the occasional inclusion of meat products.

Pescetarianism is the practice of following a diet that includes fish or other seafood, but not the flesh of other animals. Most pescetarians maintain a lacto-ovo vegetarian diet with the addition of fish and shellfish.

Brain Food - Super Foods

Plant Based Protein

Beyond Meat
Impossible Foods
Vegan Cuts
List of Meat Substitutes (wiki)
Plant-Based Protein
In Vitro Meat is meat grown in cell culture instead of inside animals.
Memphis Meats
SuperMeat - Cultured
Plant Based
Vegetarian Bodybuilding

Growing Edible Plant Cells in a Machine
Bioreactor is a device or system that supports a biologically active environment in a vessel in which a chemical process is carried out which involves organisms or biochemically active substances derived from such organisms. This process can either be
aerobic or anaerobic.
Aerobic Organism is an organism that can survive and grow in an oxygenated environment.
Anaerobic Organism is any organism that does not require oxygen for growth.


Dietary Fiber is the indigestible portion of food derived from plants. It has two main components: Soluble fiber, which dissolves in water, is readily fermented in the colon into gases and physiologically active byproducts, and can be prebiotic and viscous. Insoluble fiber, which does not dissolve in water, is metabolically inert and provides bulking, or it can be prebiotic and metabolically ferment in the large intestine. Bulking fibers absorb water as they move through the digestive system, easing defecation. Dietary fibers can act by changing the nature of the contents of the gastrointestinal tract and by changing how other nutrients and chemicals are absorbed. Some types of soluble fiber absorb water to become a gelatinous, viscous substance which is fermented by bacteria in the digestive tract. Some types of insoluble fiber have bulking action and are not fermented. Lignin, a major dietary insoluble fiber source, may alter the rate and metabolism of soluble fibers. Other types of insoluble fiber, notably resistant starch, are fully fermented. Some but not all soluble plant fibers block intestinal mucosal adherence and translocation of potentially pathogenic bacteria and may therefore modulate intestinal inflammation, an effect that has been termed contrabiotic. Chemically, dietary fiber consists of non-starch polysaccharides such as arabinoxylans, cellulose, and many other plant components such as resistant starch, resistant dextrins, inulin, lignin, chitins, pectins, beta-glucans, and oligosaccharides. A novel position has been adopted by the US Department of Agriculture to include functional fibers as isolated fiber sources that may be included in the diet. The term "fiber" is something of a misnomer, since many types of so-called dietary fiber are not actually fibrous. Food sources of dietary fiber are often divided according to whether they provide (predominantly) soluble or insoluble fiber. Plant foods contain both types of fiber in varying degrees, according to the plant's characteristics. Advantages of consuming fiber are the production of healthful compounds during the fermentation of soluble fiber, and insoluble fiber's ability (via its passive hygroscopic properties) to increase bulk, soften stool, and shorten transit time through the intestinal tract. A disadvantage of a diet high in fiber is the potential for significant intestinal gas production and bloating. Microbes

Biological Pigment are substances produced by living organisms that have a color resulting from selective color absorption. Biological pigments include plant pigments and flower pigments. Many biological structures, such as skin, eyes, feathers, fur and hair contain pigments such as melanin in specialized cells called chromatophores. Pigment color differs from structural color in that it is the same for all viewing angles, whereas structural color is the result of selective reflection or iridescence, usually because of multilayer structures. For example, butterfly wings typically contain structural color, although many butterflies have cells that contain pigment as well. The primary function of pigments in plants is photosynthesis, which uses the green pigment chlorophyll along with several red and yellow pigments that help to capture as much light energy as possible.

Chlorophyll is a term used for several closely related green pigments found in cyanobacteria and the chloroplasts of algae and plants. Chlorophyll is essential in photosynthesis, allowing plants to absorb energy from light. Chlorophyll absorbs light most strongly in the blue portion of the electromagnetic spectrum, followed by the red portion. Health benefits are that it helps in normal blood clotting, wound healing, hormonal balance, deodorizing and detoxification of the body and promotes digestive health. It has healing effects on oxidation and inflammatory conditions such as arthritis and fibromyalgia.

Lutein is a xanthophyll and one of 600 known naturally occurring carotenoids. Lutein is synthesized only by plants and like other xanthophylls is found in high quantities in green leafy vegetables such as spinach, kale and yellow carrots. In green plants, xanthophylls act to modulate light energy and serve as non-photochemical quenching agents to deal with triplet chlorophyll (an excited form of chlorophyll), which is overproduced at very high light levels, during photosynthesis. Xanthophyll are yellow pigments that occur widely in nature and form one of two major divisions of the carotenoid group; the other division is formed by the carotenes.


Vegetables Eat a varied mix of veggies that includes dark leafy greens, orange and yellow vegetables, and beans.

Growing your own Food
Preserving your Food

Adults Meeting Fruit and Vegetable Intake Recommendations — United States, 2013

New School Meal Regulations Increase Fruit Consumption and Do Not Increase Total Plate Waste

School-Level Practices to Increase Availability of Fruits, Vegetables, and Whole Grains, and Reduce Sodium in School Meals — United States, 2000, 2006, and 2014

Potatoes and Tomatoes Account for Over Half of U.S. Vegetable Availability

Potatoes, tomatoes, and lettuce make up close to 60 percent of U.S. vegetable and legume availability

My City Kitchen teaches kids about food, food products and healthy eating habits.

Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR) Adults Meeting Fruit and Vegetable Intake Recommendations — US, 2013

Healthfulness of the U.S. Food Supply Little Improvement Despite Decades of Dietary Guidance

Recommended Vegetables and Fruit 3 cups of vegetables a day

Lowering the price of fruits and vegetables by 30 percent can save nearly 200,000 lives over 15 years. Lower prices for fruits and vegetables meant better health across the population, regardless of age, gender, race and ethnicity.

EPI|LIFESTYLE 2016 Scientific Sessions Epidemiology and Prevention | Lifestyle and Cardiometabolic Health
March 1 – 4, 2016 Hyatt Regency | Phoenix, AZ

The International Model for Policy Analysis of Agricultural Commodities and Trade (IMPACT)

The U.S. currently spends close to $100 billion per year on food and farm programs.

The Healthy Incentives Pilot (HIP) (PDF)
HIP households spent more SNAP benefits on targeted fruits and vegetables than non-HIP households in participating supermarkets and superstores. - Subsidies

2015 G A P Analysis (PDF)
The Fruit and Vegetable Consumption Challenge: How Federal Spending Falls Short of Addressing Public Health Needs.

Tomatoes and Health (wiki)

2013 Consumption Report (PDF)

Raw for 30 Days
Raw Food Life
Organic Food
Healthier Generation

Vegan Eating Would Slash Food's Global Warming Emissions and reduce greenhouse gas emissions by as much as $570 billion. By eating less meat and more fruit and vegetables, the world could prevent several million deaths per year by 2050, Researchers said Dietary shifts could produce savings of $700 billion to $1 trillion per year on healthcare costs.

Photos of what People Eat around the World

School Lunches in other Countries

Grow Your Own - Pick Your Own

Grow your own Fruits & Vegetables.
Many fresh and nutritious fruits and vegetables can spring from a couple of packs of seeds. Use pots if you don’t have space for a garden. Try indoor pots or greenhouse growing for the cooler months. If you can’t eat all the food you have grown yourself, pass it along to friends, family or your local food bank. Even if you fail to harvest the complete crop at its peak, it can still be fed to the chickens or composted so it doesn’t really go to waste. City Gardening

Pick your own! Late summer or early fall is a great time to pick your own fruits and vegetables. This can be a fun and cheap way to buy in bulk and freeze, can, or dry for later.

Seeds, Nuts, Legumes

Seeds Legumes is a plant or fruit/seed in the family Fabaceae (or Leguminosae). Legumes are grown agriculturally, primarily for their grain seed called pulse, for livestock forage and silage, and as soil-enhancing green manure. Well-known legumes include alfalfa, clover, peas, beans, lentils, lupin bean, mesquite, carob, soybeans, peanuts, and tamarind. A legume fruit is a simple dry fruit that develops from a simple carpel and usually dehisces (opens along a seam) on two sides. A common name for this type of fruit is a pod, although the term "pod" is also applied to a few other fruit types, such as that of vanilla (a capsule) and of radish (a silique). Legumes are notable in that most of them have symbiotic nitrogen-fixing bacteria in structures called root nodules. For that reason, they play a key role in crop rotation. (beans, peas, lentils, soybeans).

Aquafaba is the name for the viscous water in which legume seeds such as chickpeas have been cooked. Due to its ability to mimic functional properties of egg whites, aquafaba can be used as a direct replacement for egg whites in some recipes. Its composition makes it especially suitable for use by people with dietary, ethical, or religious reasons to avoid eggs.

Nut (fruit) is a fruit composed of a hard shell and a seed, which is generally edible. In a general context, however, a wide variety of dried seeds are called nuts, but in a botanical context, there is an additional requirement that the shell does not open to release the seed (indehiscent). The translation of "nut" in certain languages frequently requires paraphrases, as the word is ambiguous. Most seeds come from fruits that naturally free themselves from the shell, unlike nuts such as hazelnuts, chestnuts, and acorns, which have hard shell walls and originate from a compound ovary. The general and original usage of the term is less restrictive, and many nuts (in the culinary sense), such as almonds, pecans, pistachios, walnuts, and Brazil nuts, are not nuts in a botanical sense. Common usage of the term often refers to any hard-walled, edible kernel as a nut.

Culinary Nuts List (PDF)
Seeds that are Edible List (PDF)

Chia seeds, Hemp Seeds, Pomegranate Seeds, Flax Seeds, Pumpkin Seeds, apricot Seeds, Sesame Seeds, Sunflower Seeds, Cumin Seeds, Grape Seeds.

Seeds for Planting

Arnold says "No it's not a Tuber!", which are enlarged structures in some plant species used as storage organs for nutrients. They are used for the plant's perennation (survival of the winter or dry months), to provide energy and nutrients for regrowth during the next growing season, and as a means of asexual reproduction. Stem tubers form from thickened rhizomes (underground stems) or stolons (horizontal connections between organisms). Common plant species with stem tubers include potato and yam. Some sources also treat modified lateral roots (root tubers) under the definition; these are encountered in sweet potato, cassava, and dahlia.

Storage Organ is a part of a plant specifically modified for storage of energy (generally in the form of carbohydrates) or water. Storage organs often grow underground, where they are better protected from attack by herbivores. Plants that have an underground storage organ are called geophytes in the Raunkiær plant life-form classification system. Storage organs often, but not always, act as perennating organs which enable plants to survive adverse conditions (such as cold, excessive heat, lack of light or drought)

Aquafaba is the common name for the cooking liquid of beans and other legumes like chickpeas. Aquafaba can be used to replace egg whites in many sweet and savory recipes. Its unique mix of starches, proteins, and other soluble plant solids which have migrated from the seeds to the water during the cooking process gives aquafaba a wide spectrum of emulsifying, foaming, binding, gelatinizing and thickening properties. Recipes such as meringues, mayo, butter, cheeses, pavlovas, macarons, baked goods, and much, much more! Gum acts as a stabilizer, preventing emulsified sauces and salad dressings from separating.


Fruits Carbs Fruit is the seed-bearing structure in flowering plants (also known as angiosperms) formed from the ovary after flowering. Fruits are the means by which angiosperms disseminate seeds. Edible fruits, in particular, have propagated with the movements of humans and animals in a symbiotic relationship as a means for seed dispersal and nutrition; in fact, humans and many animals have become dependent on fruits as a source of food. Accordingly, fruits account for a substantial fraction of the world's agricultural output, and some (such as the apple and the pomegranate) have acquired extensive cultural and symbolic meanings.

Fruitarian is a diet that consists entirely or primarily of fruits in the botanical sense, and possibly nuts and seeds, without animal products.

Fruitarianism is a subset of dietary veganism. 

80-10-10 Diet (youtube)
Freelea (youtube)

Fruit & Vegetable Differences

Paw Paw is the largest edible fruit indigenous to the U.S.

Breadfruit is a flowering tree in the mulberry and Jackfruit family (Moraceae) originating in the South Pacific and that was eventually spread to the rest of Oceania. It requires very limited care. Breadfruit trees grow to a height of 25 m (82 ft). The trees are monoecious, with male and female flowers growing on the same tree. Breadfruit is one of the highest-yielding food plants, with a single tree producing up to 200 or more grapefruit-sized fruits per season. Productivity varies between wet and dry areas. (50 to 150 fruits per year)  Breadfruit is 71% water, 27% carbohydrates, 1% protein and negligible in fat (20% vitamin C, (10-19% DV) of thiamin and potassium. Breadfruit can be eaten once cooked.

Morinda Citrifolia plant bears flowers and fruits all year round, reaches maturity in about 18 months, then yields between 4 and 8 kg (8.8 and 17.6 lb) of fruit every month throughout the year. It is tolerant of saline soils, drought conditions, and secondary soils. English common names include great morinda, Indian mulberry, noni, beach mulberry, and cheese fruit.

Cara Cara Navel Orange pack 20 per cent more Vitamin C and nearly 30 per cent more Vitamin A than a regular navel orange. They're also fat, cholesterol and sodium-free and a good source of fibre and folate.

Scientists has traced the evolutionary history of Florida's citrus crop up to 8 million years ago in the Himalayas of Southeast Asia. Analyzed 60 types of citrus whose genomes they sequenced.

Grape is a fruit, botanically a berry, of the deciduous woody vines of the flowering plant genus Vitis. Grapes can be eaten fresh as table grapes or they can be used for making wine, jam, juice, jelly, grape seed extract, raisins, vinegar, and grape seed oil. Grapes are a non-climacteric type of fruit, generally occurring in clusters.

Drying Fruit

Blending - Juicing

Fruit & Veggie Smoothies
FreshStax: Smoothies That Do Good.
Bare Salad & Smoothie
Green and Tonic
JUISIR is an innovative cold press juicer requiring no cleaning. Juicero juice packs could be squeezed by hand without using its high-tech machine. (company went bust)
Daily Harvest Ready-to-blend Healthy smoothies delivered to your door.

Ample Meal: Optimal Nutrition in 1 Minute
Conscious Cleanse - Vibrant Health On Demand

Sprouts - Micro-Greens

Blender is a kitchen and laboratory appliance used to mix, purée, or emulsify food and other substances. A stationary blender consists of a blender jar with a rotating metal blade at the bottom, powered by an electric motor in the base. Some powerful models can also crush ice. The newer immersion blender configuration has a motor on top connected by a shaft to a rotating blade at the bottom, which can be used with any container.

Food Processor similar to blenders in many forms. The primary difference is that food processors use interchangeable blades and disks (attachments) rather than a fixed blade. Also, their bowls are wider and shorter, a more proper shape for the solid or semi-solid foods usually worked in a food processor. Usually, little or no liquid is required in the operation of the food processor, unlike a blender, which requires a certain amount of liquid for the particles to move around the blade.

Juicer is a tool used to extract juice from fruits, herbs, leafy greens and other types of vegetables in a process called juicing. It crushes, grinds, and/or squeezes the juice out of the pulp.

Porridge is a dish made by boiling ground, crushed, or chopped starchy plants - typically grain - in water and/or milk, often with flavorings. It is usually served hot in a bowl. It may be sweetened with sugar, honey etc. and served as a sweet dish, or mixed with spices, vegetables etc. to make a savoury dish.

Super Foods

Super Foods Superfood is a term used to describe foods with more health benefits then average food. But just like all labels, Buyer Beware. Just because something is said to be better for you this does not mean that it will be better for you. Do your research and experiment with different foods as if you were a scientist. Know your baseline. And remember that everyone has their own particular needs.

Quinoa (wiki)
Salvia Hispanica (wiki)
Chia Seeds

Moringa has more protein than yogurt, more calcium than milk, more B vitamins than peanuts, more potassium than bananas, and more vitamin A than carrots? May also help reduce urges and certain addictions?

Aronia (chokeberries) (wiki)
Mung Bean (wiki)
Turmeric (wiki)
Maple Syrup (wiki)
Black Rice (wiki)
How Much Arsenic?
Wild Rice (wiki)
Eragrostis Teff (wiki)
Amaranth (wiki)
Alfalfa (wiki)
Morinda Citrifolia Noni (wiki)
Acai (wiki)
Coconut Oil (wiki)
Hemp Protein (wiki)
Brain Foods
Apple Cider Vinegar (wiki)
Spirulina (wiki)
Pepita Pumpkin Seed (wiki)
Khorasan Kamut Wheat (wiki)
Refined Grains (wiki)
Oat (wiki)
Wheat (wiki)

Super Foods RX
Rev Foods
Healthy Foods
Worlds Healthiest Foods
Natures Health Foods
Top 200 Food Sources
Purple Asparagus

Micro-Greens (vertical farming)



Bread is a staple food prepared from a dough of flour and water, usually by baking. Throughout recorded history it has been popular around the world and is one of the oldest artificial foods, having been of importance since the dawn of agriculture. Proportions of types of flour and other ingredients vary widely, as do modes of preparation. As a result, types, shapes, sizes, and textures of breads differ around the world. Bread may be leavened by processes such as reliance on naturally occurring sourdough microbes, chemicals, industrially produced yeast, or high-pressure aeration. Some bread is cooked before it can leaven, including for traditional or religious reasons. Non-cereal ingredients such as fruits, nuts and fats may be included. Commercial bread commonly contains additives to improve flavor, texture, color, shelf life, and ease of manufacturing. Bread is served in various forms with any meal of the day. It is eaten as a snack, and used as an ingredient in other culinary preparations, such as sandwiches, and fried items coated in bread crumbs to prevent sticking. It forms the bland main component of bread pudding, as well as of stuffings designed to fill cavities or retain juices that otherwise might drip out. Bread has a social and emotional significance beyond its importance as nourishment. It plays essential roles in religious rituals and secular culture. Its prominence in daily life is reflected in language, where it appears in proverbs, colloquial expressions ("He stole the bread from my mouth"), in prayer ("Give us this day our daily bread") and in the etymology of words, such as "companion" (from Latin com "with" + panis "bread").

Staple Food is a food that is eaten routinely and in such quantities that it constitutes a dominant portion of a standard diet for a given people, supplying a large fraction of energy needs and generally forming a significant proportion of the intake of other nutrients as well. The staple food of a specific society may be eaten as often as every day or every meal, and most people live on a diet based on just a small number of staples.

Why Bread is Bad
Bad Breads
Sandwich's making you Stupid
Healthy Breads (webmd)
Healthiest Bread

Refined Grain (image)


How Much Arsenic is in your Rice?

Does growing food Hydroponically or Aeroponically reduce heavy metals and toxins absorbed by food when it is grown in Soil?


Herbs by name Herbs are any plants used for food, flavoring, medicine, or fragrances for their savory or aromatic properties. Culinary use typically distinguishes herbs from spices. Herbs refer to the leafy green or flowering parts of a plant (either fresh or dried), while Spices are produced from other parts of the plant (usually dried), including seeds, berries, bark, roots and fruits. In botanical English, the word "herb" is also used as a synonym of "herbaceous plant". Herbs have a variety of uses including culinary, medicinal, and in some cases, spiritual. General usage of the term "herb" differs between culinary herbs and medicinal herbs. In medicinal or spiritual use any of the parts of the plant might be considered "herbs", including leaves, roots, flowers, seeds, root bark, inner bark (and cambium), resin and pericarp.

Seasoning is the process of adding Salt, herbs, or Spices to food to enhance the Flavor.

Herbalism is the use of plants for medicinal purposes, and the study of botany for such use. Plants have been the basis for medical treatments through much of human history, and such traditional medicine is still widely practiced today. Modern medicine recognizes herbalism as a form of alternative medicine, as the practice of herbalism is not strictly based on evidence gathered using the scientific method. Modern medicine, does, however, make use of many plant-derived compounds as the basis for evidence-tested pharmaceutical drugs. Phytotherapy, and phytochemistry work to apply modern standards of effectiveness testing to herbs and medicines that are derived from natural sources. The scope of herbal medicine is sometimes extended to include fungal and bee products, as well as minerals, shells and certain animal parts.

Culinary Herbs and Spices List (wiki)

Chinese Medicine Database
Chinese Medicinal Herb Farm
Blue Ridge Center
Local Herbs
Starlight Herb
Healthy Herbalist
Learning Herbs
Family Herbal Remedies
Dr Sebi: (youtube)
Medicinal Herbal Root Teas - Tea Knowledge

Growing Herbs Info-Graph (image)

Brain Food - Spices

Natural Holistic

Holistic Traditional Medicine - Home Remedies is a treatment to cure a disease or ailment that employs certain spices, vegetables, or other common items. Home remedies may or may not have medicinal properties that treat or cure the disease or ailment in question, as they are typically passed along by laypersons. Natural

Natural Health Information

Alternative Medicine (Healer) or Natural Medicine are practices claimed to have the healing effects of medicine but almost impossible to prove.

Alternative Medicine Types (wiki)

Chinese Medicine is a style of traditional Asian medicine informed by modern medicine but built on a foundation of more than 2,500 years of Chinese medical practice that includes various forms of herbal medicine, acupuncture, massage (tui na), exercise (qigong), and dietary therapy. It is primarily used as a complementary alternative medicine approach.  TCM is widely used in China and is becoming increasingly prevalent in Europe and North America.

Medicinal Plants have been identified and used throughout human history. Plants make many chemical compounds that are for biological functions, including defence against insects, fungi and herbivorous mammals. At least 12,000 such compounds have been isolated so far; a number estimated to be less than 10% of the total. Chemical compounds in plants mediate their effect on the human body through processes identical to those already well understood for the chemical compounds in conventional drugs; thus herbal medicines do not differ greatly from conventional drugs in terms of how they work. This enables herbal medicines to have beneficial pharmacology, but also gives them the same potential as conventional pharmaceutical drugs to cause harmful side effects. Moreover, plant material comes with a variety of compounds which may have undesired effects, though these can be reduced by processing.

Medicinal Plant Database

Healing is the process of the restoration of health from an unbalanced, diseased or damaged organism.

Over Consumption

Naturopathy is a form of alternative medicine employing a wide array of pseudoscientific practices branded as "natural" and as promoting "self-healing," including homeopathy, herbalism, and acupuncture, as well as diet and lifestyle counseling.

Veggie Info
Complementary - Alternative
Alternatives for Healing

Apothecary is one term for a medical professional who formulates and dispenses materia medica to physicians, surgeons and patients. The modern pharmacist (also colloquially referred to as a chemist in British English) has taken over this role and in some languages and regions the word is still used to refer to a retail pharmacy or a pharmacist who owns one. The apothecaries' investigation of herbal and chemical ingredients was a precursor to the modern sciences of chemistry and pharmacology.

Doctrine of Signatures states that herbs resembling various parts of the body can be used by herbalists to treat ailments of those body parts. A theological justification, as stated by botanists such as William Coles, was that God would have wanted to show men what plants would be useful for.

Homeopathy claims that a substance that causes the symptoms of a disease in healthy people would cure similar symptoms in sick people. Large-scale studies have found homeopathy to be no more effective than a placebo, suggesting that any positive feelings that follow treatment are only due to the placebo effect and normal recovery from illness.
Just One Drop Homeopathy

Natural Therapies (meditation)
Natural Healers Directory
Alliance for Natural Health
Natural Solutions
Mother Earth Minerals
Diatomaceous Earth 15 Uses

Holistic Medicine Center
Holistic Online
Holistic Psychology
Holistic Medicine

Homemade Medicine
C. A. M.

Vitamins - Minerals

Native Remedies
Foraging for Wild Foods
Ayurveda Products
Ayurveda Yoga Retreat
Allopathic Medicine
Micro Greens
Patients Medical
The New Medicine
Natural does not Mean Safe
Peoples Pharmacy
Cure Zone

Biopharmaceutical is any pharmaceutical drug product manufactured in, extracted from, or semisynthesized from biological sources. Different from totally synthesized pharmaceuticals, they include vaccines, blood, blood components, allergenics, somatic cells, gene therapies, tissues, recombinant therapeutic protein, and living cells used in cell therapy. Biologics can be composed of sugars, proteins, or nucleic acids or complex combinations of these substances, or may be living cells or tissues. They (or their precursors or components) are isolated from living sources—human, animal, plant, fungal, or microbial.
North Korean Pharmaceutical

Right-To-Try Law or expanded access, also called “compassionate use,” provides a pathway for patients to gain access to investigational drugs, biologics and medical devices for serious diseases or conditions.

Compassionate Use or Expanded Access refers to the use of an investigational new drug (IND) outside of a clinical trial by patients with serious or life-threatening conditions who do not meet the enrollment criteria for the clinical trial in progress. (pre-approval access).

Contraindication is a condition or factor that serves as a reason to withhold a certain medical treatment due to the harm that it would cause the patient. Contraindication is the opposite of Indication, which is a reason to use a certain treatment or reason to use a certain test, medication, procedure, or surgery.

Lifestyle Medicine is a branch of medicine dealing with research, prevention and treatment of disorders caused by lifestyle factors such as nutrition, physical inactivity, and chronic stress. In the clinic, major barriers to lifestyle counseling are that physicians feel ill prepared and are skeptical about their patients' receptivity.

Life Style Medicine
Damian Folch

National Center for Natural Products Research says that Callicarpa (beautyberry) Repels Mosquitoes.

Natural Marketing Institute

Green Products

Natural Antibiotics: Cinnamon - Garlic - Manuka honey - Coconut oil - Grapefruit seed extract - Oregano oil - Mustard oil - Echinacea - Andrographis - Goldenseal - Colloidal silver - Myrrh. Antibiotics


Spices Spices is a seed, fruit, root, bark, or other plant substance primarily used for Flavoring, coloring or preserving food. Spices are distinguished from Herbs, which are the leaves, flowers, or stems from plants used for flavoring or as a garnish. Sometimes, spices may be ground into a powder for convenience. Many spices have antimicrobial properties. This may explain why spices are more commonly used in warmer climates, which have more infectious diseases, and why the use of spices is prominent in meat, which is particularly susceptible to spoiling. Spices are sometimes used in medicine, religious rituals, cosmetics or perfume production, or as a vegetable.

The Spice House

Capsaicin crushed red pepper or ground cayenne.

Black Pepper is a flowering vine in the family Piperaceae, cultivated for its fruit, which is usually dried and used as a spice and seasoning. When dried, the fruit is known as a peppercorn.

Salt - Sugar

Ayahuasca is an entheogenic brew made out of Banisteriopsis caapi vine and the Psychotria viridis leaf. The brew is used as a traditional spiritual medicine in ceremonies among the Indigenous peoples of Amazonia.

Ayurveda is a system of medicine with historical roots in the Indian subcontinent. Globalized and modernized practices derived from Ayurveda traditions are a type of complementary or alternative medicine. In the Western world, Ayurveda therapies and practices (which are manifold) have been integrated in general wellness applications and as well in some cases in medical use.

Plantago Major is a species of flowering plant in the plantain family Plantaginaceae. The plant is native to most of Europe and northern and central Asia, but has widely naturalised elsewhere in the world. Plantago major is one of the most abundant and widely distributed medicinal crops in the world. A poultice of the leaves can be applied to wounds, stings, and sores in order to facilitate healing and prevent infection. The active chemical constituents are aucubin (an anti-microbial agent), allantoin (which stimulates cellular growth and tissue regeneration), and mucilage (which reduces pain and discomfort). Plantain has astringent properties, and a tea made from the leaves can be ingested to treat diarrhea and soothe raw internal membranes. Broadleaf plantain is also a highly nutritious wild edible, that is high in calcium and vitamins A, C, and K. The young, tender leaves can be eaten raw, and the older, stringier leaves can be boiled in stews and eaten.

When to Add Salt
Salt is the same whether raw or cooked. Adding salt at the end of cooking will make it taste salty if you add too much salt, rather than seasoning and intensifying flavors. Salt is used to draw the moisture out of sweating vegetables. And it softens them faster. Certainly many foods need salt added during cooking, for convenience sake if nothing else. Most recipes (and culinary schools) advise seasoning food with salt early in the cooking process, not just at the end. Salt is hydrophyllic, so it draws moisture out of foods. In a saute or "sweat" this draws inner flavors out of aromatics (eg carrots) so that flavor can blend with the others. Also it is about penetrating the food. Surface application is going to have a different flavor in your mouth than infusing the salt throughout the dish. Salt diffuses faster when hotter.
Science: When to Add Salt During Cooking—and Why (It Makes a Huge Difference) (youtube)
NaCl is stable molecule. It sublimes on 801 °C (100 °C is boiling point of water). So with normal cooking it is impossible to occur any chemical changes to salt. But if you are using iodized salt for health reasons and cooking your food to death, you might as well use Rock Salt or non-iodine salt. (Iodized Salt prevents rise to hypothyroidism, symptoms of which are extreme fatigue, goitre, mental slowing, depression, weight gain, and low basal body temperatures).
Iodized Salt contains salt of Iodide I- along with NaCl ; it readily oxidizes when you add salt in water. Further more, cooking elevates the reaction. Iodide, when added in water will react with free Oxygen molecules in Water to give away Iodine ion which will be sublimed along with cooking vapors (Violet vapors to be exact). That’s how it got name Iodine, Greek Name for violet-colored). So in order to get more Iodine through Iodized salt, you will have to consume more salt (which is not that bad even with popular belief). But consuming more salt may increase blood pressure and other problems. Worst case scenario, you may consume normal amount of salt in heavily cooked food sans iodine and get health disorders related to iodine deficiency.
So my suggestion, use salt while cooking to make to savory dishes but have some room to use over the table salt.

The Thinker Man