is a state of mental or emotional
strain. Difficulty that causes worry
tension. Stress Management
is a feeling of strain and pressure. Excessive amounts of stress may lead
to bodily harm
Stress can increase the risk of strokes, heart attacks, ulcers, dwarfism,
and mental illnesses such as depression
Stress can be external and related to the
, but may also be created by internal
that cause an individual to
or other negative
surrounding a situation, such as pressure, discomfort, etc.,
which they then deem stressful. Humans experience stress, or perceive
things as threatening, when they do not believe that their resources for
, people, situations, etc.) are enough for what the circumstances
demand. When we think the demands being placed on us exceed our ability to
cope, we then perceive stress. But not all stress has
. Small amounts of stress may be desired, beneficial, and even
healthy. Positive stress
athletic performance. It also plays a factor in motivation, adaptation,
and reaction to the environment.
Signs of Stress
The human body is designed to experience stress and react to it.
Stress can be positive, keeping us
and ready to avoid
. But stress
can become a negative when a person faces continuous challenges without relief
between challenges. As a result, the person becomes
overworked, and stress-related tension builds. Stress costs American
industry more than $300 billion annually.
a pregnane (21-carbon) steroid
. It is one
of the main hormones released by the adrenal gland in response to stress.
Effects of Stress on your Body
Not all stress is bad.
Stress from certain exercises
Stress from reducing food intake
benefits.What doesn't kill you doesn't
necessarily make you stronger
is the response to emotional pressure
suffered for a prolonged period of time in which an individual perceives
he or she has little or no control. It involves an
response in which corticosteroids are released. While the immediate
effects of stress hormones are beneficial in a particular short-term
situation, long-term exposure to stress creates a high level of these
hormones. This may lead to high blood pressure (and subsequently heart
disease), damage to muscle tissue, inhibition of growth, suppression of
the immune system, and damage to mental health.
is an organism's response to a stressor
such as an environmental condition. Stress is a body's method of reacting
to a challenge. According to the stressful event, the body's way to
respond to stress is by sympathetic nervous system activation which
results in the fight-or-flight response. Because the body can not keep
this state for long periods of time, the parasympathetic system returns
the body's physiological conditions to normal (homeostasis). In humans,
stress typically describes a negative condition that can affect a person's
mental and physical well-being.
is stress related to one's job.
Occupational stress often stems from unexpected responsibilities and
pressures that do not align with a person's knowledge, skills, or
inhibiting one's ability to
. Occupational stress can increase when workers do not feel
supported by supervisors or colleagues, or feel as if they have little
control over work processes.
Stress BrainStress Experienced by Nurses
Increased prevalence of post-traumatic stress disorder symptoms in
critical care nurses
Alleviating job stress in nurses:
approaches to reducing job stress in
Depression, Anxiety and Symptoms of Stress among Hong Kong Nurses:
Comparison of the Value of Nursing Work Environments in Hospitals Across
Different Levels of Patient Risk
is the negative psychological link between people and the
introduction of new technologies
is the study of how
humans react to and physically fit with machines in their environment, technostress is a result of altered habits of work and collaboration that
are being brought about due to the use of
at office and home situations. People experience
technostress when they cannot adapt to or cope with information
technologies in a healthy manner. They feel
connected and sharing constant updates, feel forced to respond to
work-related information in real-time, and engage in almost habitual
They feel compelled to work faster because
, and have little time to spend on sustained thinking and
Post Traumatic Stress Disorder - PTSD
Acute Stress Reaction
is a psychological condition arising
in response to a terrifying or traumatic event
, or witnessing a traumatic
event that arises a strong emotional response within the individual. It
should not be confused with the unrelated circulatory condition of shock/ hypoperfusion, or the concept of shock value. Acute stress reaction may
develop into delayed stress reaction or better known as PTSD if stress
isn't correctly managed.
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder
a mental disorder that can develop after a person is exposed to a
, such as
collisions, or other threats on a person's life. Symptoms may include
disturbing thoughts, feelings, or dreams related to the events, mental or
physical distress to trauma-related cues, attempts to avoid trauma-related
cues, alterations in how a person thinks and feels, and increased arousal.
These symptoms last for more than a month after the event. Young children
are less likely to show distress but instead may express their memories
through play. Those with PTSD are at a higher risk of
The Post Traumatic Stress Center
Dramatic Stress Syndrome
between PTSD & Substance Abuse
We train soldiers for war. Let's train them to come home, too: Hector
(video and interactive text)
PTSD Coach App
Combat Stress Reaction
is a term used within the
to describe acute behavioral disorganization seen by medical
personnel as a direct result of the trauma
of war. Also known as "combat
fatigue" or "battle neurosis", it has some overlap with the diagnosis of
acute stress reaction used in civilian psychiatry. It is historically
linked to shell shock and can sometimes precurse post-traumatic stress
is a mental condition that occurs when a
person perceives themselves to have done wrong by surviving a
when others did not. It may be found among survivors of murder,
terrorism, combat, natural disasters, epidemics, among the friends and
family of those who have died by suicide, and in non-mortal situations
such as among those whose colleagues are laid off.
is a type of damage to the mind that occurs as a result of a severely
distressing event. Trauma
is often the result of an overwhelming amount of
stress that exceeds one's ability to
, or integrate the emotions
involved with that experience. A traumatic
experience, or repeating events of being overwhelmed that can be
precipitated in weeks, years, or even decades as the person struggles to
cope with the immediate circumstances, eventually leading to serious,
long-term negative consequences.
Complex Post-traumatic Stress Disorder
is a proposed diagnostic term for a variant of posttraumatic stress
disorder (PTSD) that results from repetitive, prolonged trauma involving
harm or abandonment by a caregiver or other interpersonal relationship
with an uneven power dynamic, such as intimate partner violence (IPV).
C-PTSD is associated with child abuse or neglect
IPV, hostages or prisoners
of war, concentration camp survivors, defectors
of certain organizations that some considered cults. Situations involving
captivity or entrapment (a situation lacking a viable escape route for the
) can lead to C-PTSD-like symptoms,
which include prolonged feelings of helplessness and deformation of one's
identity and sense of self.
TSRI Researchers Discover How the Brain Turns Chronic Stress into
Endocannabinoid or eCB system
include natural lipid signaling
molecules that bind to cannabinoid receptors in the brain
molecule called corticotropin-releasing
. Anandamide clearance enzyme fatty acid amide hydrolase (FAAH)
override the stress-reducing capabilities of a major eCB called N-arachidonoylethanolamine
(anandamide). Increased CRF was also associated with drops in anandamide
levels in the central nucleus of the amygdala. Together, increased FAAH
activity and decreased anandamide signaling reduce inhibitory control of
excitatory neurotransmission in this critical region, and lower the
brain's ability to regulate stress and anxiety
Brain Sciences Researcher Pinpoints Brain Circuit That Triggers Fear
. Hippocampus-driven feed-forward inhibition of the prefrontal
cortex mediates relapse of extinguished fear. The
medial prefrontal cortex
has been implicated in the extinction of emotional memories, including
that ventral hippocampal (vHPC) projections to the
infralimbic (IL) cortex recruited parvalbumin-expressing interneurons to
counter the expression of extinguished fear and promote fear relapse.
Whole-cell recordings ex vivo revealed that optogenetic activation of vHPC
input to amygdala-projecting pyramidal neurons in the IL was dominated by
feed-forward inhibition. Selectively silencing parvalbumin-expressing, but
not somatostatin-expressing, interneurons in the IL eliminated vHPC-mediated
inhibition. In behaving rats, pharmacogenetic activation of vHPC→IL
projections impaired extinction recall, whereas silencing IL projectors
diminished fear renewal. Intra-IL infusion of GABA receptor agonists or
antagonists, respectively, reproduced these effects. Together, our
findings describe a previously unknown circuit mechanism for the
contextual control of fear, and indicate that vHPC-mediated inhibition of
IL is an essential neural substrate for fear relapse.
(frustrtion) - Emotions
The Human Brain
Crime - Violence
Attention RestorationKnow Thyself
Most stress is created in our mind
, if it's not a
Fight or Flight a Life or Death Situation
, then the stress
you're feeling is all created by you. Exercise is stressful, yet
it's good for us. You can say that it's a different kind of
stress but you can not ignore the
fact that you can easily not enjoy exercising, so it's how you
can cause stress, but when I watch a
movie I can
experience some of the same effects that fear causes, even
knowing it's a movie and it's not real. So the stress is not
damaging but more entertaining. Again it's how you perceive it.
Tend and Befriend
is a behavior exhibited by some animals, including humans, in response to
threat. It refers to protection of offspring (tending) and seeking out the
social group for mutual defense (befriending). Tend-and-befriend is
theorized as having evolved as the typical female response to stress, just
as the primary male response was fight-or-flight.
refers to the wide spectrum of techniques and psychotherapies aimed at
controlling a person's levels of stress, especially chronic stress,
usually for the purpose of improving everyday functioning.
Some of the things that help reduce some of the effects of Stress:Sleep
Controlling your breathing and being aware of your breathing can help control your emotions.
Dealing with Stress
How to Handle Stressful Situations
Relaxation Techniques for Stress Relief
You have to learn how to adjust your comfort level because not all
is injury related.
are just logical thoughts.
Cortisol has been shown to damage and kill cells in the
(the brain area responsible for your episodic
memory) and there is robust evidence that chronic stress causes
premature brain aging.
Stress Hormone Cortisol
"Turning adversity into opportunity"
is a steroid hormone, in the glucocorticoid class of
. When used
as a medication, it is known as hydrocortisone.
that in humans is encoded by the SLC6A4 gene. SERT is a type
of monoamine transporter protein that transports serotonin from the
synaptic cleft to the presynaptic neuron.
Physical stress can
easily influence the way you think and act
Mental stress can also control the way you think and act. A person needs
to know when the body is stressed so that a person can protect themselves
from injury by stopping and by taking a break and resting. A person also
needs to know when the mind is stressed so they are aware of things
accurately and not just reacting
need to be aware of our body, but we also need to be aware of how our mind
is reacting to stress. People can get angry or depressed very easy when
the body or mind is under stress. Everyone needs to know how to be in
control and be aware, if not, then you will be
to behaviors and
actions that you are not aware of. People jump when they hear loud noises
when other people don't. When your exercising your body is under stress,
but a person will react differently to the stress of exercise then they do
the stress from physical labor. Realitive
We all know about Second Chances
Everyone wishes at some point in their life that they would have
had a second chance. What would you say? What would you do
differently if you had a second chance? We need to stop defining
our past experiences as being the only chances that we have.
Everyday that you wakeup is a second chance. Second chances are
everywhere. But you have to open your heart and open your mind
and seek out second chance moments, because second chances will
not always come to you. You need to learn from your past, share
what you have learned, and create new futures. This way your
past doesn't become someone's else's future.
"Life shouldn't be something that you have to endure,
life should be something that you should love to explore."
"The Reality for most people is Sleep very little, Eat
unhealthy, Work too much and then Repeat.
Eat, Pray, Love
must be about praying for a better world."
Under Pressure -
Queen and David Bowie - with lyrics