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Surviving Emergencies and Disasters

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DisastersBeing Prepared will always better then not Being Prepared. Drills - Survival

Risks - Public Services - Security

Emergency Medical Services - 911

First Aid Tips - Drug Overdose - Trauma

Having a well thought out plan makes it a lot easier to make good decisions during an emergency, especially in the mist of chaos. Having a plan also helps people to avoid being consumed by Panic and Fear, which could cause you to make costly mistakes and thus lower your chances of surviving.

Disaster Distress Hotline: 1-800-985-5990

Distress Signal is an internationally recognized means for obtaining help. Distress signals are communicated by transmitting radio signals, displaying a visually observable item or illumination, or making a sound audible from a distance.

SOS is the International Morse Code Distress Signal. (...- - -...) Dot Dot Dot, Dash Dash Dash, Dot Dot Dot

Mayday is an emergency procedure word used internationally as a distress signal in voice procedure radio communications.

Emergency Broadcast System is a former emergency warning system used in the United States. EBS replaced the previous CONELRAD system and was used from 1963 to 1997, at which point it was replaced by the Emergency Alert System, which is a national warning system in the United States put into place on January 1, 1997.

Crisis is any event that is, or is expected to lead to, an unstable and dangerous situation affecting an individual, group, community, or whole society.

Crisis Training Manual (PDF)

Emergency is a situation that poses an immediate risk to health, life, property, or environment. Most emergencies require urgent intervention to prevent a worsening of the situation, although in some situations, mitigation may not be possible and agencies may only be able to offer palliative care for the aftermath.

Emergency Management - Rescue Equipment

State of Emergency alerts citizens to change their normal behavior and orders government agencies to implement emergency plans.

Calamity is an event causing great and often sudden damage or distress; a disaster, catastrophe, tragedy, cataclysm, adversity, tribulation, affliction, misfortune, misadventure.

Disaster is a serious disruption of the functioning of a community or a society involving widespread human, material, economic or environmental losses and impacts, which exceeds the ability of the affected community or society to cope using its own resources. Disasters that can happen around your Home.

Natural Disasters 1900 to 2016 Natural Disaster is a major adverse event resulting from natural processes of the Earth; examples include floods, hurricanes, tornadoes, volcanic eruptions, earthquakes, tsunamis, and other geologic processes. A natural disaster can cause loss of life or property damage, and typically leaves some economic damage in its wake, the severity of which depends on the affected population's resilience, or ability to recover and also on the infrastructure available. "Why do we call it a natural disaster when there is nothing natural about it, everything is cause and effect."

Global Catastrophic Risk is a hypothetical future event that has the potential to damage human well-being on a global scale. Some events could cripple or destroy modern civilization. Any event that could cause human extinction or permanently and drastically curtail humanity's potential is known as an existential risk.

Extinction Event (Environmental Collapse)

Global Nuclear War - Prevention

Hazards (negligence or man made)

Planning - Problem Solving

When disaster strikes it's a good idea to have a well thought out plan. Whether it's a natural disaster, financial disaster, health problem, war, currency collapse, or what ever the problem, changes will happen and sacrifices will have to be made. But this doesn't mean a catastrophic end, death or suffering, or does it mean the End of Days, or Armageddon. Or does this mean that we have to resort to violence, looting and lose control, which will just make the situation worse. Things will only get out of control if we let them. Life always has Cycles, we always have new obstacles, new challenges and new beginnings. Fear, Stress and desperation can be overwhelming, but we have the abilities to survive if we stick together and act logical.

Disaster Monitoring (hot spots)

List of Natural Disasters by Death Toll (wiki)
List of Accidents and Disasters by Death Toll (wiki)

25 Biggest Man Made Environmental Disasters Of History (youtube)
25 Biggest Man Made Environmental Disasters in History
List of industrial Disasters (wiki)

Risks to Civilization, Humans and Planet Earth (wiki)

Risk Management

Societal Collapse

Economic Collapse describes a broad range of bad economic conditions, ranging from a severe, prolonged depression with high bankruptcy rates and high unemployment (such as the Great Depression of the 1930s), to a breakdown in normal commerce caused by hyperinflation (such as in Weimar Germany in the 1920s), or even an economically caused sharp rise in the death rate and perhaps even a decline in population (such as in countries of the former USSR in the 1990s). Often economic collapse is accompanied by social chaos, civil unrest and sometimes a breakdown of law and order. An example of an economic collapse is the Great Depression.

Financial Collapse

Media Collapse

You must stay calm and focus on the plan and your responsibilities. Avoid Stress and worrying for they will only distract you and waste precious time and energy. Don't ignore the children. Children must continue to be educated and also be assured that these types of things have happened throughout human history and that we have always found a way to survive and recover. Use these moments to train and teach problem solving. Children are our most reliable investment that humans have.

Relief-Web is the leading humanitarian information source on global crises and disasters. It is a specialized digital service of the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA). We provide reliable and timely information, enabling humanitarian workers to make informed decisions and to plan effective response. We collect and deliver key information, including the latest reports, maps and infographics and videos from trusted sources. ReliefWeb is also a valuable resource for job listings and training programs, helping humanitarians build new skills and discover exciting new career opportunities.

Global Medic Canadian volunteers around the world to aid in the aftermath of disaster and crises.

Humanitarian Work (Feeding the Hungry - Housing the Homeless - Medial Services)

Food Emergencies - Water Emergencies - Shelter Emergencies

What is Survival?

Survive is to continue to live or exist through hardship, danger or adversity. Support oneself.

Survival Skills are techniques that a person may use in order to sustain life in any type of environment. These techniques are meant to provide basic necessities for human life which include water, food, and shelter.

Psychological Resilience is defined as an individual's ability to successfully adapt to life tasks in the face of social disadvantage or other highly adverse conditions. Adversity and stress can come in the shape of family or relationship problems, health problems, or workplace and financial worries, among others. Resilience is the ability to bounce back from a negative experience with "competent functioning". Resilience is not a rare ability; in reality, it is found in the average individual and it can be learned and developed by virtually anyone. Resilience is a process, rather than a trait to be had. It is a process of individuation through a structured system with gradual discovery of personal and unique abilities. Confidence - Over Reacting

Survival Analysis is a branch of statistics for analyzing the expected duration of time until one or more events happen, such as death in biological organisms and failure in mechanical systems. Extinction

Survival Rate is a part of survival analysis. It is the percentage of people in a study or treatment group still alive for a given period of time after diagnosis. Survival rates are important for prognosis, but because the rate is based on the population as a whole, an individual prognosis may be different depending on newer treatments since the last statistical analysis as well as the overall general health of the patient.

Survival Tips

Knowing how to Fend for Yourself, or for others, is a skill that millions everyday have to use.

Fend is to manage without help from others. Defend oneself. Look after and provide for oneself.

System D is a shorthand term that refers to a manner of responding to challenges that requires one to have the ability to think fast, to adapt, and to improvise when getting a job done.

But of course when we work together as a team our survival rate increase tremendously.

Combining Efforts

Having a good support system and a good Network of Friends, Family and Neighbors, people who understand that combining efforts and working together will always be more beneficial for everyone. And there's plenty of people, so it's just a matter of bringing people together, like Joining a Club.

It's a good idea to have good connections. Have a place to meet when normal communication methods breakdown. 

Safe and Well
File of Life Form (PDF)

Buddy System is a procedure in which two people, the "buddies", operate together as a single unit so that they are able to monitor and help each other.

Having multiple ways to communicate is essential? It's good to be dependent on each other instead of just the government and people in power. It might be better to clan together with friends, family and colleagues. Make sure you set up your own personal network that has connections to other networks. Trust is a must, criminals are here now and they will be around later. Trusting the wrong people could put you at risk.  Know someone who has contacts with important services like food distribution, water, energy and so on. Start locally with friends, family, farms, water, energy and so on. 

You have to know where your food comes from, your options and choices? How much of your food depends on imports and exports? What shortages will you expect when trade is disrupted? Do you understand how a Black Market works? Can you make bread? Can you grow food? How much food can you grow? Hording and stock piling food and supplies is Ok but how will you replenish your supplies?

You have to know where your water comes from? Options and choices? Do you know what contaminants are in your drinking water or rivers? Do you have access to water testing supplies? You have to know where your energy comes from? Options and choices?

Know your workforce. Know who's willing to work? What skills do people have? Do people know their responsibilities? Make sure that the people who are providing needed services are taken care of and will not be vulnerable to criminals or corruption.
When it comes to money, it is just one of many tools that we have. So it is a good idea to know alternative methods for acquiring needed supplies. Money will always be a convenient tool as long as we use it under different rules that will not allow it to control and manipulate people unfairly.

But we must beware that criminals will try to control money again, they murdered Lincoln for the green backs and they murdered Kennedy too because he also wanted a national currency that would be controlled by the people, and not by criminal organizations, of course that's another story.

Share your plan with people you want in your network. Let them know the ways that they can help and what information you will need.

Coordinating Disaster Relief Efforts


Need a Phone Number for people to call for help and to offer services.
Notify people about the Locations of Relief Centers.
Setup Command CenterBusiness Support System and Network Operations Center.
Setup Bulletin Boards and Setup Information Stations.
Setup website to help coordinate volunteers and for people to list their needs, and to List items already donated, and to list items that are needed, like tools, supplies, food, water and so on. Need People to Document everything.

Use all Media Outlets and Communication Tools to Transmit information Above

Are you Prepared? What's the Plan?

Preparedness refers to a very concrete research based set of actions that are taken as precautionary measures in the face of potential disasters. These actions can include both physical preparations (such as emergency supplies depots, adapting buildings to survive earthquakes and so on) and trainings for emergency action. Preparedness is an important quality in achieving goals and in avoiding and mitigating negative outcomes. There are different types of preparedness, such as public health preparedness and local emergency preparedness or snow preparedness (i.e.: Snow Preparedness Teams - SPT), but probably the most developed type is "Disaster Preparedness", defined by the UN as involving "forecasting and taking precautionary measures prior to an imminent threat when advance warnings are possible". This includes not only natural disasters, but all kinds of severe damage caused in a relatively short period, including warfare. Preparedness is a major phase of emergency management, and is particularly valued in areas of competition such as sport and military science. Methods of preparation include research, estimation, planning, resourcing, education, practicing and rehearsing.

Recovers Organizing Toolkit  (413-219-5613)

Family Emergency Kit Checklist (PDF)

Communication in Communities (social Intelligence)

Emergency Housing

Fire Drill is practicing emergency procedures and going through the necessary actions that are needed to take that would allow you to get to safety and also show you how to safely save others from a real fire. Methods of practicing should show how a building would be evacuated in the event of a fire or other emergencies. Usually, the building's existing fire alarm system is activated and the building is evacuated as if a real emergency had occurred. Generally, the evacuation is timed to ensure that it is fast enough, and problems with the emergency system or evacuation procedures are identified to be remedied.

Do you have an Evacuation Plan? (gov)

Planning - Quality Control

Emergency Response Plans (gov)

Disaster Recovery Plan is a documented process or set of procedures to recover and protect a business IT infrastructure in the event of a disaster. Such a plan, ordinarily documented in written form, specifies procedures an organization is to follow in the event of a disaster. It is "a comprehensive statement of consistent actions to be taken before, during and after a disaster". The disaster could be natural, environmental or man-made. Man-made disasters could be intentional (for example, an act of a terrorist) or unintentional (that is, accidental, such as the breakage of a man-made dam). Given organizations' increasing dependency on information technology to run their operations, a disaster recovery plan, sometimes erroneously called a Continuity of Operations Plan (COOP), is increasingly associated with the recovery of information technology data, assets, and facilities.

Disaster Recovery involves a set of policies and procedures to enable the recovery or continuation of vital technology infrastructure and systems following a natural or human-induced disaster. Disaster recovery focuses on the IT or technology systems supporting critical business functions, as opposed to business continuity, which involves keeping all essential aspects of a business functioning despite significant disruptive events. Disaster recovery is therefore a subset of business continuity.

Volunteers Organizing
Disasters Info
Incident Response Management
Americas Prepareathon
Group Home

Damage Control is the emergency control of situations that may cause the sinking of a watercraft. Examples are: Rupture of a pipe or hull especially below the waterline and damage from grounding (running aground) or hard berthing against a wharf. Temporary fixing of bomb or explosive damage.

First Aid Tips - CPR Training

Is your City, Town or Government Prepared?

Continuity of Government is the principle of establishing defined procedures that allow a government to continue its essential operations in case of nuclear war or other catastrophic event.

Intelligence Cycle i is the fundamental cycle of intelligence processing in a civilian or military intelligence agency or in law enforcement as a closed path consisting of repeating nodes. The stages of the intelligence cycle include the issuance of requirements by decision makers, collection, processing, analysis, and publication of intelligence. The circuit is completed when decision makers provide feedback and revised requirements. The intelligence cycle is also called the Intelligence Process by the U.S. Department of Defense (DoD) and the uniformed services The intelligence cycle is an effective way of processing information and turning it into relevant and actionable intelligence.

Incident Command System is a standardized approach to the command, control, and coordination of emergency response providing a common hierarchy within which responders from multiple agencies can be effective.

White House Situation Room is a conference room and intelligence management center in the basement of the West Wing of the White House. It is run by the National Security Council staff for the use of the President of the United States and their advisors (including the National Security Advisor, the Homeland Security Advisor and the White House Chief of Staff) to monitor and deal with crises at home and abroad and to conduct secure communications with outside (often overseas) persons. The Situation Room is equipped with secure, advanced communications equipment for the President to maintain command and control of U.S. forces around the world.

Supply Chain

Emergency Management is the creation of plans through which communities reduce vulnerability to hazards and cope with disasters. Disaster management does not avert or eliminate the threats; instead, it focuses on creating plans to decrease the effect of disasters. Failure to create a plan could lead to human mortality, lost revenue, and damage to assets. Events covered by disaster management include acts of terrorism, industrial sabotage, fire, natural disasters (such as earthquakes, hurricanes, etc.), public disorder, industrial accidents, and communication failures.

National Intelligence Emergency Management
National Intelligence Strategy (PDF)

International Association of Emergency Managers

Insurance Broker (wiki)
Insurance Institute for Business & Home Safety

75w DC AC Power Inverter for Car Emergency Power (amazon)

Weather Information Websites
Survival Tips and Information Websites
Medical Kits

Flooding Risks
Driving on Flooded Streets
Flooded Roads
Search & Rescue Task Force
RUN. HIDE. FIGHT. Surviving an Active Shooter Event (youtube)
Disasters Websites
Civi Guard

Emergency Preparedness focuses on preparing equipment and procedures for use when a disaster occurs. This equipment and these procedures can be used to reduce vulnerability to disaster, to mitigate the impacts of a disaster or to respond more efficiently in an emergency.

Emergency Preparedness Tips for Storms and Power Outages (youtube)
Winter Power Outage Tips
Power Outage Tips
Hurricane Safety Tips
Winter Storm Tips

Emergency Supplies, Food and Water Tips from FEMA (PDF)
Emergency Foods

Public Safety

Emergency Medical Services

Stressful Situations

Federal Emergency Management Agency
Lessons Learned - FEMA

The International Association for Disaster Preparedness and Response (DERA)
DERA Online Emergency Operations Center

Disaster Center Resources
Red Cross Chapters
Weather Warnings

White Helmets (Syrian Civil War) officially known as Syria Civil Defence, is a volunteer civil defense organisation that currently
operates in parts of rebel-controlled Syria. The White Helmets should not be confused with the Syrian Civil Defence Forces which have been a member of the ICDO (International Civil Defence Organization) since 1972.
White Helmets website

Civil Defence Symbol Civil Defense or civil protection is an effort to protect the citizens of a state (generally non-combatants) from military attacks and natural disasters. It uses the principles of emergency operations: prevention, mitigation, preparation, response, or emergency evacuation and recovery. Programs of this sort were initially discussed at least as early as the 1920s and were implemented in some countries during the 1930s as the threat of war and aerial bombardment grew. It became widespread after the threat of nuclear weapons was realized.
United States Civil Defense refers to the use of civil defense in the history of the United States, which is the organized non-military effort to prepare Americans for military attack. Over the last twenty years, the term and practice of civil defense have fallen into disuse and have been replaced by emergency management and homeland security.

Emergency Social Services is a component of the Provincial Emergency Program of the Province of British Columbia. ESS are those services required to preserve the well-being of people affected by an emergency or disaster. Teams are established in local municipalities and assemble together for meetings and contingency planning.

Doomsday Drill Includes Local Agencies

Mitigation are measures that eliminate or reduce the impacts and risks of hazards through proactive measures taken before an emergency or disaster occurs.

To act in such a way as to cause an offense to seem less serious. The action of lessening in severity or intensity.

Hazard Mitigation Planning is the effort to reduce loss of life and property by lessening the impact of disasters. It is most effective when implemented under a comprehensive, long-term mitigation plan. State, tribal, and local governments engage in hazard mitigation planning to identify risks and vulnerabilities associated with natural disasters, and develop long-term strategies for protecting people and property from future hazard events. Mitigation plans are key to breaking the cycle of disaster damage, reconstruction, and repeated damage.

Developing hazard mitigation plans enables state, tribal, and local governments to: Increase education and awareness around threats, hazards, and vulnerabilities; Build partnerships for risk reduction involving government, organizations, businesses, and the public; Identify long-term, broadly-supported strategies for risk reduction; Align risk reduction with other state, tribal, or community objectives; Identify implementation approaches that focus resources on the greatest risks and vulnerabilities; and Communicate priorities to potential sources of funding.

Moreover, a FEMA-approved hazard mitigation plan is a condition for receiving certain types of non-emergency disaster assistance, including funding for mitigation projects. Ultimately, hazard mitigation planning enables action to reduce loss of life and property, lessening the impact of disasters.

A new study shows natural disasters have caused more than $7 trillion and left over eight million people dead over the past century. (many more deaths then what is reported)

Infectious Diseases Emergency Preparedness Plan

Infectious Disease Emergency Preparedness Plan (IDEPP) (PDF)
Emergency Containment Plan to respond to a Virus Infection
CDC Planning
CIDRAP - Center for Infectious Disease Research and Policy - Academic Health Center, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN.

Quarantine is used to separate and restrict the movement of persons; it is a 'state of enforced isolation'. This is often used in connection to disease and illness, such as those who may possibly have been exposed to a communicable disease.

Disease Outbreak News
CDC Outbreaks
Outbreak Alerts
Health Travel Alerts

Air Quality Reports
Earth Observatory Map (pollution)

Water Quality
Food Safety

Strategic National Stockpile (SNS) has large quantities of medicine and medical supplies to protect the American public if there is a public health emergency.

Manufacturing Readiness Level is a measure developed by the United States Department of Defense (DOD) to assess the maturity of manufacturing readiness, similar to how Technology Readiness Levels (TRL) are used for technology readiness. They can be used in general industry assessments, or for more specific application in assessing capabilities of possible suppliers. The Government Accountability Office has described it as best practice for improving acquisition outcomes. The United States Department of Defense adopted the usage of MRLs in 2005, but the GAO continued to note inconsistent application across DOD components. In 2011, consideration of manufacturing readiness and related processes of potential contractors and subcontractors was made mandatory as part of the source selection process in major acquisition programs. MRLs are quantitative measures used to assess the maturity of a given technology, component or system from a manufacturing perspective. They are used to provide decision makers at all levels with a common understanding of the relative maturity and attendant risks associated with manufacturing technologies, products, and processes being considered. Manufacturing risk identification and management must begin at the earliest stages of technology development, and continue vigorously throughout each stage of a program’s life-cycles. Manufacturing Readiness Level definitions were developed by a joint DOD/industry working group under the sponsorship of the Joint Defense Manufacturing Technology Panel (JDMTP). The intent was to create a measurement scale that would serve the same purpose for manufacturing readiness as Technology Readiness Levels serve for technology readiness – to provide a common metric and vocabulary for assessing and discussing manufacturing maturity, risk and readiness. MRLs were designed with a numbering system to be roughly congruent with comparable levels of TRLs for synergy and ease of understanding and use.

Risk Management

Risk is the potential of gaining or losing something of value. Risk is the amount of harm that can be expected to occur during a given time period due to specific harm event.


Risk Assessment is the determination of quantitative or qualitative estimate of risk related to a well-defined situation and a recognized threat (also called hazard).

Statistics - Coincidence

Hazard Prevention is the identification, assessment, and prioritization of risks followed by coordinated and economical application of resources to minimize, monitor, and control the probability and/or impact of unfortunate events or to maximize the realization of opportunities. Risk management’s objective is to assure uncertainty does not deflect the endeavor from the business goals. (defined in ISO 31000 as the effect of uncertainty on objectives).

Risk Management (management) - Liabilities - Actuary

Preventive Maintenance - Planning

Ecological Risk Assessments are used to support many types of actions, including: regulation of hazardous waste sites, industrial chemicals, and pesticides; or the management of watersheds or. other ecosystems affected by multiple chemical, physical, or biological stressors.

Operational Risk Management is defined as a continual cyclic process which includes risk assessment, risk decision making, and implementation of risk controls, which results in acceptance, mitigation, or avoidance of risk. ORM is the oversight of operational risk, including the risk of loss resulting from inadequate or failed internal processes and systems; human factors; or external events.

Probabilistic Risk Assessment is a systematic and comprehensive methodology to evaluate risks associated with a complex engineered technological entity.

Risk Factor is a variable associated with either increased or decreased risk.

Relative Risk is the ratio of the probability of an event occurring.

Extreme Risk are risks of very bad outcomes or "high consequence", but of low probability.

Risk Matrix is used during risk assessment to define the various levels of risk as the product of the harm probability categories and harm severity categories. This is a simple mechanism to increase visibility of risks and assist management decision making.

Risk Management Tools allow planners to explicitly address uncertainty by identifying and generating metrics, parameterizing, prioritizing, and developing responses, and tracking risk. These activities may be difficult to track without tools and techniques, documentation and information systems.

Absolute Risk Reduction is the change in the risk of an outcome of a given treatment or activity in relation to a comparison treatment or activity. It is the inverse of the number needed to treat.

Health Impact Assessment is defined as "a combination of procedures, methods, and tools by which a policy, program, or project may be judged as to its potential effects on the health of a population, and the distribution of those effects within the population.

Intelligence Assessment is the development of forecasts of behavior or recommended courses of action to the leadership of an organization, based on a wide range of available information sources both overt and covert. Assessments are developed in response to requirements declared by the leadership in order to inform decision making.

Intelligence Organizations

Problem Solving

Acceptable Loss are casualties or destruction inflicted by the enemy that is considered minor or tolerable.

Vulnerability Assessment is the process of identifying, quantifying, and prioritizing (or ranking) the vulnerabilities in a system. Examples of systems for which vulnerability assessments are performed include, but are not limited to, information technology systems, energy supply systems, water supply systems, transportation systems, and communication systems. Such assessments may be conducted on behalf of a range of different organizations, from small businesses up to large regional infrastructures. Vulnerability from the perspective of disaster management means assessing the threats from potential hazards to the population and to infrastructure. It may be conducted in the political, social, economic or environmental fields. Vulnerability assessment has many things in common with risk assessment. Assessments are typically performed according to the following steps: Cataloging assets and capabilities (resources) in a system. Assigning quantifiable value (or at least rank order) and importance to those resources. Identifying the vulnerabilities or potential threats to each resource. Mitigating or eliminating the most serious vulnerabilities for the most valuable resources.

Vulnerability refers to the inability (of a system or a unit) to withstand the effects of a hostile environment. A window of vulnerability (WoV) is a time frame within which defensive measures are diminished, compromised or lacking.

Insurance - Gamble - Safe Sex

Hazard Ratio is the ratio of the hazard rates corresponding to the conditions described by two levels of an explanatory variable.

Hazard Risk is any agent that can cause harm or damage to humans, property, or the environment.

Threat Assessment comprises strategies or pathways used to determine the credibility and seriousness of a potential threat, as well as the likelihood that it will be carried out in the future. Threat assessment is a violence prevention act that involves: Identifying the threats to commit violent act, Determining seriousness of threat. Developing intervention plans that protect potential victims and address underlying problem that stimulated the threatening behaviour.

Odds Ratio is one of three main ways to quantify how strongly the presence or absence of property A is associated with the presence or absence of property B in a given population.

Advanced Measurement Approach is when banks are allowed to develop their own empirical model to quantify required capital for operational risk.(Bad Idea)

Hierarchy of Hazard Control is a system used in industry to minimize or eliminate exposure to hazards.

Margin of Error is a statistic expressing the amount of random sampling error in a survey's results.

Research (science)

Precautionary Principle states that if an action or policy has a suspected risk of causing harm to the public, or to the environment, in the absence of scientific consensus (that the action or policy is not harmful), the burden of proof that it is not harmful falls on those taking that action.

Process Safety Management is a regulation, promulgated by the U.S. Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA). A process is any activity or combination of activities including any use, storage, manufacturing, handling or the on-site movement of highly hazardous chemicals (HHCs) as defined by OSHA and the Environmental Protection Agency.

Hazard and Operability Study is a structured and systematic examination of a complex planned or existing process or operation in order to identify and evaluate problems that may represent risks to personnel or equipment. The intention of performing a HAZOP is to review the design to pick up design and engineering issues that may otherwise not have been found. The technique is based on breaking the overall complex design of the process into a number of simpler sections called 'nodes' which are then individually reviewed. It is carried out by a suitably experienced multi-disciplinary team (HAZOP) during a series of meetings. The HAZOP technique is qualitative, and aims to stimulate the imagination of participants to identify potential hazards and operability problems. Structure and direction are given to the review process by applying standardised guide-word prompts to the review of each node. The relevant international standard calls for team members to display 'intuition and good judgement' and for the meetings to be held in 'a climate of positive thinking and frank discussion'.

Pollution Prevention reduces the amount of pollution generated by a process, whether by industry, agriculture or consumers. In contrast to most pollution control strategies, which seek to manage a pollutant after it is emitted and reduce its impact upon the environment, the pollution prevention approach seeks to increase the efficiency of a process, thereby reducing the amount of pollution generated at its source. Although there is wide agreement that source reduction is the preferred strategy, some professionals also use the term pollution prevention to include pollution reduction. With increasing human population, pollution has become a great concern. Pollution from human activities is a problem that does not have to be inevitable. With a comprehensive pollution prevention program, most pollution can be reduced, reused, or prevented. The US Environmental Protection Agency works to introduce pollution prevention programs to reduce and manage waste. Reducing and managing pollution may decrease the number of deaths and illnesses from pollution-related diseases.

Prevent Defense aims to prevent a big play, like a 25-yard or longer pass or run. The defense concedes short gains, such as four to eight yards per play, as long as the clock keeps running.

Preventive Healthcare 

COE Technologies for Law Enforcement and Emergency Response

Tools - Technology Description

Coastal Hazards Model (ADCIRC) Couples rain and wind forecasts with hydrologic, storm surge, and wave models to make pinpoint coastal flooding predictions. 

Climate Changes - Quality Control

Hazard Mitigation Planning Website Interactive website gives practitioners step-by-step guidance for developing a FEMA-approved local hazard mitigation plan.

Assistant for Randomized Monitoring Over Routes (ARMOR) Allows end users to identify vulnerabilities and assets and develop optimal patrol schedules.

Mobile Computing Applications Platform (MCAP) Provides situational awareness, and command and control for first responders in major emergencies.

Scatterblog Real-time twitter analysis for monitoring of events.

Visual Analytics Law Enforcement Toolkit (VALET) Analyzes high-volume criminal, traffic and civil incidents.

Unmanned Port Security Vessel (UPSV) Autonomously surveys the seabed and is a sensor platform for other optical, chemical and environmental sensors, including real-time video.

Drones - Robotics

MAGELLO User-friendly, high-resolution atmospheric and ocean data to identify movement of spills or toxic releases in rivers, ocean and air. 


Automated Virtual Agent for Truth Assessments in Real Time (AVATAR) Uses artificial intelligence and non-invasive sensors to flag anomalous behaviors for more investigation by trained professionals.

Apps for mass-casualty preparedness

Emergency Mass Casualty Planning Scenarios (EMCAPS 2.0 )
Emergency Response Guidebook (ERG)
Mobile Emergency Response Guide (MERGE)

Medical Surge Capacity application

Flu Cast
Viruses Knowledge

Ag CONNECT Suite Enables real-time collection, distribution and analysis of bio-surveillance, veterinary, emergency response and business continuity data in one format.

Disease Outbreaks (relevance today)

Global Terrorism Database (GTD) others GTD is the world's largest open-source database of (110,000) terrorist events from and 1970–2012. It is the "go-to" source for terrorism researchers and analysts.  Hot Spots

Video Analytic Surveillance Transition (VAST) finds anomalies in surveillance video in near-real-time that detect threats such as reverse- flow, piggy-back entry, threat gestures, and flash-mobs.

Surveillance Knowledge

Rescue Equipment

Atlas Devices rescue equipment technologies, ropes and ladders.

CMC Rescue
Rescue Tech
Rock n Rescue

Search and Rescue is the search for and provision of aid to people who are in distress or imminent danger. The general field of search and rescue includes many specialty sub-fields, typically determined by the type of terrain the search is conducted over. These include mountain rescue; ground search and rescue, including the use of search and rescue dogs; urban search and rescue in cities; combat search and rescue on the battlefield and air-sea rescue over water. International Search and Rescue Advisory Group (INSARAG) is a UN organization that promotes the exchange of information between national urban search and rescue organizations. The duty to render assistance is covered by Article 98 of the UNCLOS.


Winch is a mechanical device that is used to pull in (wind up) or let out (wind out) or otherwise adjust the "tension" of a rope or wire rope (also called "cable" or "wire cable"). In its simplest form it consists of a spool and attached hand crank. In larger forms, winches stand at the heart of machines as diverse as tow trucks, steam shovels and elevators. The spool can also be called the winch drum. More elaborate designs have gear assemblies and can be powered by electric, hydraulic, pneumatic or internal combustion drives. Some may include a solenoid brake and/or a mechanical brake or ratchet and pawl device that prevents it from unwinding unless the pawl is retracted.

First Aid Tips

Poisoning Prevention First Aid

First Aid Tips
Everyday-First-Aid (red cross)
First Aid Tips
First Aid Index (mayo clinic)

CPR Training
Burns - Bleeding
Wilderness First Aid
Wild Med

Adventure Medical Kits

Katadyn Survivor 06 Desalinator (amazon)
The Solar Still Water Purification Kit (amazon)
Solar Pure Water
Life Saver Water Bottle Filter Systems
Water Knowledge

Emergency First Response
Wilderness Schools
Freedom of the Hills Deck: 52 Playing Cards (amazon)
Wilderness Medicine Schools

Survival Films - Videos about Surviving

Wilderness Survival Tips : Wilderness Survival Techniques (youtube)
Ray Mears - The Psychology of Survival (youtube)
Surviving in the Siberian Wilderness for 70 Years (youtube)
Psychology of Survival (website)
Surviving Alone in Alaska (youtube)
National Geographic: Live Free or Die (TV Shows)
Bear Grills (youtube)
Man vs. Wild (youtube)
Survivor Man, off the Grid (vimeo)
The Real Castaway (youtube)
North Survival (youtube)

Happy People: A Year in the Taiga (2012) From iconic filmmaker Werner Herzog, Happy People: A Year in the Taiga journeys deep into the Siberian wilderness, following veteran trappers through the Taiga's four seasons to tell the incredible story of a society untouched by modernity.  Aired: 11/15/2012 |  1 hr. 34 min.


Travel Magazines - Travel Books
Outdoor Travel Movies

Wilderness Survival Tips - Survival Knowledge

Wilderness Solutions
Survivor Library
Survival School - Midwest Native Skills Institute
Emergency Preparedness
Survival Stories
Expert Survival Tips
Simple Survival
Fox Fire is the fascinating world of Appalachian pioneer folk.
Emergency Shelters
Disasters Websites and Information
Civi Guard
Recommended Gear
Emergency Alert (amazon)
Severe Weather Warning (amazon)
Warnings Radio with S.A.M.E Specific Area Message Encoding & NOAA Reception (amazon)
Weather Info Websites
Ultimate Survival
Crisis Education
Basis Gear
Wilderness Schools

CPR Training

SAS Survival Guide App (iOS, Android; $5.99) first aid and extreme climate survival.

Bushcraft is a popular term for wilderness survival skills that include firecraft, tracking, hunting, fishing, shelter-building, navigation by natural means, the use of tools such as knives and axes, foraging, water sourcing, hand-carving wood, container construction from natural materials, and rope and twine-making, among others.

Woodsman is a competitive, co-ed intercollegiate sport in the United States, Canada and elsewhere based on various skills traditionally part of forestry educational and technical training programs.

Survivalism is a movement of individuals or groups (called survivalists or preppers) who are actively preparing for emergencies, including possible disruptions in social or political order, on scales from local to international. The words prepper and prep are derived from the word prepare. Survivalists often acquire emergency medical and self-defense training, stockpile food and water, prepare to become self-sufficient, and build structures (e.g., a survival retreat or an underground shelter) that may help them survive a catastrophe.

Adventure Checklist
Nature Skills
Survival Tips
Survival Outdoor Skills
Tips on Survival
Wilderness Survival
Travel Tips - Travel Advice
The National Preppers and Survivalists Expo

Steve Brill Foraging
Wild Foods

Insects and Bugs
Wild Life Management

Phospholipase A2 are enzymes that release fatty acids from the second carbon group of glycerol. This particular phospholipase specifically recognizes the sn-2 acyl bond of phospholipids and catalytically hydrolyzes the bond releasing arachidonic acid and lysophosphatidic acid. Upon downstream modification by cyclooxygenases, arachidonic acid is modified into active compounds called eicosanoids. Eicosanoids include prostaglandins and leukotrienes, which are categorized as anti-inflammatory and inflammatory mediators.

Varespladib is an inhibitor of the IIa, V, and X isoforms of secretory phospholipase A2 (sPLA2). The molecule acts as an anti-inflammatory agent by disrupting the first step of the arachidonic acid pathway of inflammation. From 2006 to 2012, varespladib was under active investigation by Anthera Pharmaceuticals as a potential therapy for several inflammatory diseases, including acute coronary syndrome and acute chest syndrome. The trial was halted in March 2012 due to inadequate efficacy.

The North American Society of Toxinology (NAST)
Survival and Self Reliance
Survival Blog
Be Prepared
Firefly Flint (fire starter)

Heat Sheet is a reflective insulating fabric that reflects up to 90% of a person’s body heat back to the wearer, or can be flipped to reflect external heat sources.

Space Blanket or Emergency Blanket is an especially low-weight, low-bulk blanket made of heat-reflective thin plastic sheeting. They are used on the exterior surfaces of spacecraft for thermal control as well as by people. Their design reduces the heat loss in a person's body which would otherwise occur due to thermal radiation, water evaporation, or convection. Their compact size before unfurling and light weight makes them ideal when space is at a premium. They may be included in first aid kits and also in camping equipment. Lost campers and hikers have an additional possible benefit: the metallic surface appearance flashes in the sun, allowing use as an improvised distress beacon for searchers, and also as a method of signalling over long distances to other people on the same route as the person who owns the blanket.

Footwraps are rectangular pieces of cloth that are worn wrapped around the feet to avoid chafing, absorb sweat and improve the foothold. Footwraps were worn with boots before socks became widely available, and remained in use by armies in Eastern Europe until the beginning of the 21st century.

Fingerless Gloves (amazon)

Glovax: Adventure Gloves, slim & light, cut resistance, water & oil proof, breathable, anti-skidding.

Be Prepared to Survive
The Survival Mom Community

Independent Learning (self directed)

Survival Skills are not just knowing how to survive in the woods by yourself, survival skills are more about having extensive Knowledge and information about yourself and the world around you.
Knowing how to survive in the woods is one thing, knowing how to survive in life is another.
What is the necessary information and knowledge that is needed to survive in the 21st century?
You have to ask yourself, is my current school providing me with the necessary information and knowledge that is needed to survive in the 21st century? Do you know what questions to ask and when to ask them?
Basic Knowledge 101.com

Falling through thin Ice into Freezing water

1-10-1 principle: ‘‘One minute to get control of your breathing.

Ten minutes of meaningful movement. One hour before you become unconscious. Slow your breath. Once your core body temperature drops to 95 degrees Fahrenheit, you will be officially hypothermic. Below 86 degrees, you will probably be unconscious, but not necessarily lifeless. People have been successfully revived from frigid states as low as 56.7 degrees, a temperature at which bodies exhibit the clinical signs of death, including no pulse or breathing.

How to Survive a Fall Through Ice (youtube) - Don't panic, control your breathing, make your body Horizontal by lifting your legs and stretching out your arms out on the strongest area of ice, then start kicking your feet like you're swimming, and then use your arms to slowly pull yourself out of the water, and then crawl to safety. First Aid - Hyperthermia

Food Preserving

Food Preservation - Storage (refrigeration)

Food on the Go

Meal, Ready-to-Eat is a self-contained, individual field ration in lightweight packaging. MREs replaced the canned MCI, or Meal, Combat, Individual rations, in 1981. 1200 Calories (5020.8 kJ). They are intended to be eaten for a maximum of 21 days. General contents may include: Main course (entree). Side dish. Dessert or snack (often commercial candy, fortified pastry, or Soldier Fuel Bar.). Crackers or bread. Spread of cheese, peanut butter, or jelly. Powdered beverage mix: fruit flavored drink, cocoa, instant coffee or tea, sport drink, or dairy shake. Utensils (usually just a plastic spoon). Flameless ration heater (FRH). Beverage mixing bag. Accessory pack: Xylitol chewing gum. Water-resistant matchbook. Napkin / toilet paper. Moist towelette. Seasonings, including salt, pepper, sugar, creamer, and/or Tabasco sauce. Freeze dried coffee powder.
MRE - Meals Ready to Eat
New Earth MRE

Field Ration is a canned or pre-packaged meal, easily prepared and eaten, using canned, pre-cooked or freeze-dried foods, powdered beverage mixes and concentrated food bars, as well as for long shelf life.
Meal, Combat, Individual Ration was the name of canned wet combat rations from 1958 to 1980, when it was replaced by the Meal, Ready-to-Eat (MRE).
LRP Ration was a freeze-dried dehydrated field ration.
A-Ration was fresh, refrigerated, or frozen foods.
B-Ration was prepared in field kitchens and served in the field, using canned or preserved ingredients.
C-Ration was an individual canned, pre-cooked, and prepared wet ration.
K-Ration provided three separately boxed meal units: breakfast, dinner (lunch) and supper (dinner). Caloric and vitamin content were judged as inadequate.

Prepare Wise

Food Coops

Vitamins - Nutrition Bars

Food Insurance
Farming Knowledge

1 Years worth of Freeze-Dried and Dehydrated Food Supply Rocket Stoves (youtube)

Rocket Stove
Rocket Stoves
Cookers (stoves)

How to Make Fire by Rubbing Sticks (youtube)

Outdoor Gear

Survival Books

Snow and Winter Survival - Mountain Survival Books

Winter Survival Books
Mountain Mountain Survival Books
Survival Books

The Thinker Man